Subway is an American held restaurant franchise that sells submarine sandwiches and salads. It is one of the fastest-growing franchises in the world and, as of October 2019, had 41,512 locations in more than 100 countries. More than half its locations are in the United States, it is the largest single-brand restaurant chain, the largest restaurant operator, in the world. As of 2017, the Subway Group of companies was organized as follows: Subway IP Inc. is the owner of the intellectual property for the restaurant system. Franchise World Headquarters, LLC leads franchising operations. FWH Technologies, LLC licenses Subway's point of sale software. Franchisors include Doctor's Associates Inc. in the U. S.. V.. Advertising affiliates include Subway Franchisee Advertising Fund Trust, Ltd.. V.. Subway's international headquarters are in Milford, with five regional centers supporting the company's international operations; the regional offices for European franchises are located in Amsterdam. In 1965, Fred DeLuca borrowed $1,000 from friend Peter Buck to start "Pete's Super Submarines" in Bridgeport, in the following year, they formed Doctor's Associates Inc. to oversee operations of the restaurants as the franchise expanded.
The holding company derives its name from DeLuca's goal to earn enough from the business to pay tuition for medical school, as well as Buck's having a doctorate in physics. Doctor's Associates is not affiliated with, any medical organization. In 1968, the sandwich shop was renamed "Subway"; the first Subway on the West Coast was opened in Fresno, California, in 1978. The first Subway outside of North America opened in Bahrain in December 1984; the first Subway in the United Kingdom was opened in Brighton in 1996. In 2004, Subway began opening stores in Walmart supercenters and surpassed the number of McDonald's locations inside U. S. Walmart stores in 2007. Since 2007, Subway has ranked in Entrepreneur magazine's Top 500 Franchises list. In 2015, it ranked #3 on the "Top Global Franchises" list and #1 as the "Fastest Growing Franchise". At the end of 2010, Subway became the largest fast food chain worldwide, with 33,749 restaurants – 1,012 more than McDonald's. In January 2015, Suzanne Greco became president and CEO after her brother Fred DeLuca, the company's first CEO, died of leukemia in September 2015 after being ill for two years.
In 2016, Subway closed hundreds of restaurants in the U. S. experiencing a net loss in locations for the first time. However, with 26,744 locations, it remained the most ubiquitous restaurant chain in the U. S.. In 2016, Subway announced a new logo for the franchise, to be implemented in 2017. On July 17, 2017, Subway unveiled redesigned restaurants, dubbed "Fresh Forward." Features include self-order kiosks. The company is piloting the changes at 12 locations across the United States and the United Kingdom, with many features expected to be implemented into stores worldwide by the end of 2017. In 2017, the chain closed more than 800 of its U. S. locations. In April 2018, the chain announced. According Abha Bhattarai of The Washington Post, this is a result of three consecutive years of falling profits, foot traffic in Subway stores reduced by 25 percent since 2012. Franchisees complained that the company's deep promotions further ate away at profits. Industry analysts like Bob Phibbs, chief executive of the New York-based consulting firm Retail Doctor, say changing tastes on the part of consumers, who more prefer locally sourced produce and hormone-free meat served by regional start-ups like Sweetgreen in metropolitan areas, are the cause of the drop in Subway's sales, as well as loss of market share to competitors.
These include fast-casual eateries and sandwich shops like Panera Bread, Au Bon Pain and Firehouse Subs, as well as food trucks, grocery stores that offer freshly made meals at competitive prices. In January 2018, Subway invested $25 million in a re-branding campaign targeted at young consumers in order to revitalize its image and boost sales; as of June 2017, Subway had 42,000 locations in 111 countries worldwide, all independently owned. These locations are concentrated in North America, with 24,350 in the United States, 3,155 in Canada, 929 in Mexico. S. locations as McDonald's and Starbucks combined. Outside North America, the countries with the most locations are Australia and the United Kingdom. Subway's core product is the submarine sandwich. In addition to these, the chain sells wraps, salad and baked goods. Subway's best-selling sandwich, the B. M. T. Contains pepperoni and ham; the name stood for Brooklyn Manhattan Transit. Subway sells breakfast sandwiches, English muffins, flatbread. In 2006, "personal pizzas" debuted in some US markets.
These are heated for 85 seconds. Breakfast and pizza items are only available in some stores. In November 2009, Subway signed a deal to serve Sea
Bartram Trail High School is a public high school in the St. Johns County School District, located in northwest St. Johns County, Florida that opened in 2000; the school was ranked number 327 by Newsweek magazine in the top 1,300 high schools in the United States in 2008. Bartram Trail's curriculum offers many options for students in order to receive a high school diploma, it includes: art classes, English studies and literature, performing arts, physical education classes, various science and social studies classes, vocational classes and foreign language classes, television production, band and turf management. Bartram Trail offers the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Academy which teaches various academic studies along with character and life skills education based around the heritage and traditions of the United States Air Force; the Bartram Trail High School Academy of Design and Building Construction is available to teach carpentry and in other fields such as interior design and fashion design.
In 2007, Bartram Trail teamed with VyStar Credit Union to form the Bartram Trail High School VyStar Academy of Business and Finance. The course teaches career opportunities with financial services and business management industries. For students with disabilities, the Exceptional Student Education program is available. One of the school's newest additions is the Information Technology Academy; the IT academy provides students with foundational technological skills and knowledge that will prepare them for future careers in Information Technology. The Advanced Scholars Program at Bartram Trail gives advanced students the opportunity to participate in advanced placement, dual enrollment and honors courses in preparation for college. In May 2007, over 1,450 advanced placement exams were given with a passing rate of 54%; the 2006-2007 school year saw 64% of the students who took the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test score the necessary 3 or above in the reading portion of the test and 89% score above the mark on the mathematics section.
The FCAT Writing scores saw 92% of the students scoring a 3.5 or above. Bartram Trail can give the graduating seniors a choice of scholarships they can apply for, through the school, to get started with college. In 2006, seven Bartram Trail students earned scholarships when they became finalists in the National Merit Scholarship Program; the 2006-2007 school year graduation rate was 87.1% with only a 1.0% drop out rate. Bartram Trail High School was founded in 2000 and was named after the William Bartram Scenic Highway and Bartram Trail exploration route in the Northern St. Johns County area, not after William Bartram himself. Bartram Trail and Pedro Menendez High School were constructed to relieve overcrowding at Allen D. Nease Senior High School and St. Augustine High School. Bartram Trail and Pedro Menendez were the first new high schools built in the St. Johns County School District in twenty years, since Nease was opened in 1981. However, as the second school year at Bartram Trail began, the original capacity of 1,500 was exceeded with an enrollment of 1,529.
By the 2002 school year, enrollment was at more than 300 students above capacity. In 2004, the school district projected Bartram Trail's 2007-2008 enrollment at over 3,000. To reduce overcrowding at Bartram Trail and Nease High School, two new high schools, Ponte Vedra High School and Creekside High School, were constructed and opened for the 2008-2009 school year. From 2002 to 2006, the Florida Department of Education graded Bartram Trail as an "A" school, but in 2007, it was changed to a "B" school. Bartram Trail is named in Newsweek's annual list of the top 1,300 high schools in the United States. In 2005, Bartram Trail ranked 894, in 2006 it was ranked 579, in 2007 it was ranked 474, in 2008 it was ranked 327. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Young Republicans Club at Bartram Trail wanted to get a piece of the destroyed World Trade Center for a memorial to those who died in the attacks. Students sent letters to the Office of Emergency Management in New York, forwarded by the former principal, Jim Springfield.
The office replied in May 2002 and agreed to let them own a piece of the World Trade Center debris as long as Springfield came to New York City and got it himself. He received the debris on May 21, 2002; the concept behind the sculpture, created by art teacher Robert Kirk, was that the piece of World Trade Center debris was to be one-half of the letter "V" while the other half was to be made of pristine stainless steel. The "V" was to stand for "Victory", was to symbolize the "somber tragedy and the unity of American resolve." The sculpture was unveiled in Bartram Trail's courtyard on September 11, 2002, one year after the attacks, with Florida Governor Jeb Bush attending the ceremony. Only seventy-three pieces of World Trade Center debris were donated, it is believed that this was the only piece in Florida and the only piece in an American high school. For Super Bowl XXXIX, in 2005, Bartram Trail High School was selected by the National Football League as the practice facility for AFC champion New England Patriots.
Bartram Trail was selected by the NFL because the World Golf Village was chosen as the New England Patriots lodging and the practice field had to be within twenty minutes of their hotel. Bartram Trail was selected because the school's location was remote with little traffic and interference and because the walk from the lockers to the field was short enough. Bartram Trail was the first high school, chosen to be the practice facility for a Super Bowl team; the NFL made modifications to Bartram Trail, installing new lockers, making a new practice field and m
Llanidloes Town Football Club are an association football club based in the town of Llanidloes, Wales. They play in the Mid Wales Football League; the first recorded game of football in mid Wales was in Llanidloes at the'Lower Green' on Victoria Avenue on 26 December 1870. The club was founded 5 years in 1875, the same year as'A' Newtown team. Records of Llanidloes' early days are quite patchy, but it is known that the club reached the semi-final of the Welsh Cup in 1881, losing to Newtown. At the start of the 1906/07 season, Llanidloes embarked on league football and joined the Montgomeryshire and District League. Success followed and the club took the league championship six times during the eight years the competition was in being prior to 1920; the 1920s and 1930s were the most successful decades in the club’s history. The Mid Wales League title was won on seven occasions and the club reached five Welsh Amateur Cup finals, winning the trophy in 1922. In addition, Llanidloes won the Montgomeryshire Challenge Cup thirteen times, including eight successive wins between 1928 and 1935.
Following the war, Llanidloes won the Mid Wales League in 1946/47 and, in 1950/51, became the first champions of the Welsh National League completing a ‘double’ by lifting the League Cup. The 1950s and 1960s saw “The Daffs” win the League Cup again, whilst the highlight of those post-war years was the winning of the Welsh Amateur Cup in 1965. Further league championships followed in 1972 and 1974 before, in 1980/81, the club emulated the feat of thirty years earlier when completing another league and cup ‘double’. Llanidloes Town’s most recent major success was winning the Central Wales FA Cup in 1984. In 1990, the club became founder members of the Cymru Alliance and, despite two disappointing seasons in the new competition, were delighted to accept the invitation to join the League of Wales for its inaugural season in 1992/93; when the newly formed League of Wales was launched in 1992 Llanidloes Town were founder members but lasted only one season before dropping into the Cymru Alliance having been promised by the FAW that there were to be no relegations that season, a drop which proved to be costly.
Five years were spent in the Cymru Alliance before another drop, this time to the mid Wales League in 1999. Nine years another relegation – this time to the Montgomershire League saw the club playing at its lowest level; the fightback at that level began at the end of the 2009–10 season with the Montgomeryshire League championship and a return to the mid Wales League. After a period of consolidation Llanidloes Town won the Spar Mid Wales League at the end of the 2012–13 season with 132 goals scored in the process. To cap it off, The Daffs won the league cup that season. Two seasons in the Cymru Alliance followed but another relegation, by just one point, saw them move back to the mid Wales league. Llanidloes Town play their home games at Victoria Park, situated on Victoria Avenue on the edge of the town; the club house was erected in the mid-1960s. The ground has two stands, "The Main Stand" and the "Well Lane End", now all seater; the ground has hosted several cup finals including the League Cup.
It has hosted Welsh youth international matches. Allen Dewi • Biggs Ryan • Bird Connor • Breese Sam • Brown Gregg • Brown Jake • Carruthers Dafydd • Clarke A. O. • Clarke George • Clarke Edward • Coleridge Niall • Cook Drew • Davies Ewan • Davies Matthew • Evans Rhys • Evans Rhys D. • Evans Joseph • Evans Joshua • Evans Zach • Foulkes Adrian • Gaca Finn • Griffiths Isaac • Hartrick Joshua • Howells Dylan • Jarman David • Jerman Joshua • Jones Alexander • Jones Jensen • Jones Jordan • Jones Joshua • Jones Mason • Maciaszek Radeslaw • Marshman Steffan • Matthews Kieron • Morgan Rhodri • Moses Dylan • Nottingham Adam • Owen Gerrard • Owen Gareth • Owen Ashley • Reynolds Drew • Reynolds Colin • Richards Daniel • Savage Mathew • Smart Shane • Stephens Richard • Vaughan Lee • Williams Jacob • Williams Kristofer • Worton Adam First Team Manager: Hugh ClarkeReserve Team Manager: Jordan JonesU19s Manager: Les Jones President: John BreezeChairman: Kevin BrownVice Chairman: Nigel CrispSecretary: Peter JonesTreasurer: Eddie Bebb 1.
Dollo is one of the nine zones in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. It was known as Warder/Werder, so named after its largest city, Warder. Dollo is bordered on the southwest by Korahe, on the northwest by Jarar, on the northeast and southeast by Somalia; the Provisional Administrative Line defines the southeast border with Somalia. Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, this Zone has a total population of 306,488, of whom 175,624 are men and 130,864 women. While 28,784 or 9.39% are urban inhabitants, a further 113,408 or 37% were pastoralists. The largest ethnic group reported in Dollo were the Somalis. Somali language is spoken as a first language by 99.58%. 99.36 % of the population said. The 1997 national census reported a total population for this Zone of 324,308 in 42,564 households, of whom 181,566 were males and 142,742 were females; the largest ethnic group reported in the Dollo Zone was the Somali 323,928, Somali was spoken by 323,881. The literacy rate in this Zone is 4.2%.
The CSA categorized 160,057 of the people in the Zone as being part of the labor pool of whom 10,722 were unemployed). According to a May 24, 2004 World Bank memorandum, 1% of the inhabitants of Dollo have access to electricity, this zone has a road density of 0.0 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. 28.2% of the population is in non-farm related jobs, compared to the national average of 25% and an average of 28% for pastoral Regions. 13% of all eligible children are enrolled in primary school, 1% in secondary schools. 100% of the zone is exposed to malaria, none to Tsetse fly. The memorandum gave this zone a drought risk rating of 788. On 5–23 November 2003, the CSA conducted the first national agricultural census, of which the livestock census was an important component. For the Somali Region, the CSA generated estimated figures for the livestock population and their distribution by commissioning an aerial survey. For the Dollo Zone, their results included
Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, or neurogenic bladder, refers to urinary bladder problems due to disease or injury of the central nervous system or peripheral nerves involved in the control of urination. There are multiple types of neurogenic bladder depending on the symptoms. Symptoms include overactive bladder, urinary urgency, incontinence or difficulty passing urine. A range of diseases or conditions can cause neurogenic bladder including spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, brain injury, spina bifida, peripheral nerve damage, Parkinson's disease, or other neurodegenerative diseases. Neurogenic bladder can be diagnosed through a history and physical as well as imaging and more specialized testing. Treatment depends on underlying disease as well as symptoms and can be managed with behavioral changes, surgeries, or other procedures; the symptoms of neurogenic bladder incontinence, can have a significant impact on quality of life. There are different types of neurogenic bladder depending on the underlying cause.
Many of these types may have similar symptoms. Uninhibited bladder is due to damage to the brain from a stroke or brain tumor; this can cause reduced sensation of low capacity bladder and urinary incontinence. Unlike other forms of neurogenic bladder, it does not lead to high bladder pressures that can cause kidney damage. In spastic neurogenic bladder, the muscle of the bladder and urethral sphincter do not work together and are tightly contracted at the same time; this phenomenon is called detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia. This leads to urinary retention with high pressures in the bladder; the bladder volume is smaller than normal due to increased muscle tone in the bladder. Spastic neurogenic bladder is caused by damage to the spinal cord above the level of the 10th thoracic vertebrae. In flaccid bladder, the muscles of the bladder lose ability to contract normally; this can cause the inability to void urine if the bladder is full and cause a large bladder capacity. The internal urinary sphincter can contract however urinary incontinence is common.
This type of neurogenic bladder is caused by damage to the peripheral nerves that travel from the spinal cord to the bladder. Mixed type of neurogenic bladder can cause a combination of the above presentations. In mixed type A, the bladder muscle is flaccid; this creates a large, low pressure bladder and inability to void, but does not carry as much risk for kidney damage as a spastic bladder. Mixed type B is characterized by a flaccid external sphincter and a spastic bladder causing problems with incontinence. Neurogenic bladder can cause a range of urinary symptoms including urinary urgency, urinary incontinence or difficulty urinating The first sign of bladder dysfunction may be recurrent urinary tract infections. Urine storage and elimination requires coordination between the bladder emptying muscle and the external sphincter of the bladder; this coordination can be disrupted by damage or diseases of the central nervous system, peripheral nerves or autonomic nervous system. This includes any condition that impairs bladder signaling at any point along the path from the urination center in the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and the bladder.
Damage to the brain or spinal cord is the most common cause of neurogenic bladder. Damage to the brain can be caused by stroke, brain tumors, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease or other neurodegenerative conditions. Bladder involvement is more if the damage is in the area of the pons. Damage to the spinal cord can be caused by traumatic injury, demyelinating disease, cauda equina syndrome, or spina bifida. Spinal cord compression from herniated disks, tumor, or spinal stenosis can result in neurogenic bladder. Damage to the nerves that travel from the spinal cord to the bladder can cause neurogenic bladder the flaccid type. Nerve damage can be caused by diabetes and vitamin B12 deficiency. Peripheral nerves can be damaged as a complication of major surgery of the pelvis, such as for removal of tumors; the diagnosis of neurogenic bladder is made based on a complete history and physical examination and may require imaging and specialized studies. History should include information on the onset, triggers, other medical conditions and medications.
Urinary symptoms may include frequency, incontinence or recurrent urinary tract infections. Questionnaires can be helpful in quantifying symptom burden. In children it is important to obtain a developmental history. Ultrasound imaging can give information on the shape of the bladder, post-void residual volume, evidence of kidney damage such as kidney size, thickness or ureteral dilation. A voiding cystourethrography study uses contrast dye to obtain images of the bladder both when it is full and after urination which can show changes in bladder shape consistent with neurogenic bladder. Urodynamic studies are an important component of the evaluation for neurogenic bladder. Urodynamics refers to the measurement of the pressure-volume relationship in the bladder; the bladder stores urine at low pressure and urination can be completed without a dramatic pressure rise. Damage to the kidneys is probable. Bladder pressure can be measured by cyst
Lee Kelly is an American artist. Untitled Untitled Untitled Untitled Untitled Untitled Study Untitled Untitled Tree of Life, with Bonnie Bronson Untitled Untitled II Untitled III Untitled IV Untitled V Untitled VI Untitled VII Untitled VIII Untitled IX Untitled X Untitled XI Untitled, Unthank Park, Oregon Study for a Large Sculpture #5 Gate F, Candlestick Park, San Francisco, California Frank E. Beach Memorial Fountain known as Water Sculpture, International Rose Test Garden, Oregon Leland I, Oregon Untitled fountain, Oregon Arlie Elkhorn, Catlin Gabel School, Oregon Lava Ridge, Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington Nash, Oregon Memory II Trigger 4, Reed College, Oregon, Oregon Akbar's Garden, University of Oregon, Oregon Arch with Oaks, Oregon Four Columns, Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington Friendship Circle, Tom McCall Waterfront Park, Oregon Angkor I, Millennium Plaza Park, Lake Oswego, Oregon Angkor II Angkor IV, Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington Aksary Patan Memory 99, North Park Blocks, Oregon Wall Study #1 Wall Study #2 Akbar's Elephant Bird Series I Rajastan III Henry Ford at Delphi Mughal Garden Leaving Kathmandu Sulphur Butterfly Howard's Way, Oregon Kyoto 8 Memory IX Goddess Revisited I Goddess Revisited II Goddess Revisited III Goddess Revisited IV Study for Henry Ford at Delphi Sound Garden, Oregon moontrap, Oregon City, Oregon Nepal I Nepal II Study for a Large Sculpture #1 Study for a Large Sculpture #2 Study for a Large Sculpture #3 Study for a Large Sculpture #4 Study for Nepal I Study for Nepal II Atacama I Atacama II Atacama III Atacama IV C'hacabuco I C'hacabuco II C'hacabuco III Pumalin Pumalina I Pumalina II Pavilion II