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Suceava

Suceava is the largest city and the seat of Suceava County, situated in the historical region of Moldavia, north-eastern Romania, at the crossroads of Central and Eastern Europe respectively. During the late Middle Ages, more from 1388 to 1564, the city was the third capital of the Principality of Moldavia. Between 1775 and 1918, Suceava was the third most populous urban settlement of the Duchy of Bukovina, a constituent province of the Austrian Empire and subsequently a crown land within Austria-Hungary, being surpassed by Cernăuți and Rădăuți, both located to the north. Throughout this period of time, Suceava fulfilled the task of an important, strategically-located commercial border town with the Romanian Old Kingdom, receiving a large influx of German-speaking settlers in the process of the Josephine colonization. After 1918, along with the rest of Bukovina, Suceava became part of the enlarged Kingdom of Romania. Moldavian chronicler Grigore Ureche presumed the name of the city came from the Hungarian Szűcsvár, combined of the words szűcs and vár.

This was taken over by Dimitrie Cantemir, who in his work Descriptio Moldaviae gave the same explanation of the origin of the city's name, there are neither historical nor vernacular evidences for this. According to another theory, the city bears the name of the river with the same name, supposed to be of Ukrainian origin. In Old German the city was known as Sedschopff, in modern German sources it can be found under such variations as Sotschen, Sutschawa, or Suczawa, in Hungarian as Szucsáva or Szőcsvásár, in Polish as Suczawa, in Ukrainian as Сучава, while in Yiddish as שאָץ; the present-day territory of the city of Suceava and the adjacent surroundings were inhabited since the Paleolithic period. Stemming from the late Antiquity, there are traces of Dacian oppidum of the 2nd century. In stark contrast to several historical regions of Romania, Suceava was not conquered by the legions of the Roman Empire and was one of the lands of the Free Dacian tribes during the late Ancient Age. Nonetheless, according to Ptolemy, at that time in the region dwelled two Celtic-speaking tribes the Anartes and the Taurisci, as well as the Germanic Bastarnae, who have been attested there.

After the fall of Rome and during the Migration Period, the predominantly Carpiani population was successively invaded by East Germanic peoples, Slavs, Magyars and Cumans. During the Late Middle Ages, the city of Suceava was the capital of the Principality of Moldavia and the main residence of the Moldavian princes for nearly two centuries; the city was the capital of the lands of Stephen the Great, one of the pivotal figures in Romanian history, who died in Suceava in 1504. During the rule of Alexandru Lăpușneanu, the seat was moved to Iași in 1565 and Suceava failed to become the capital again. Michael the Brave captured the city in 1600 during the Moldavian Magnate Wars as he became the ruler of Wallachia and Transylvania, but he was defeated the same year. Together with the rest of Bukovina, Suceava was under the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1775 to 1918. During the late 19th century and early 20th century, the city was the third largest in the Duchy of Bukovina, after Cernăuți and Rădăuți.

At the end of World War I, it became part of Greater Romania. Throughout the interwar period, the city of Suceava undergone further infrastructural development within the enlarged Kingdom of Romania, it had briefly belonged to Ținutul Suceava, one of the 10 lands established during King Carol II of Romania's reign. Subsequently, from the 1950s onwards, Suceava was industrialized and a significant series of historical buildings from its old city centre were demolished in order for Plattenbau-like blocks of flats to be constructed at the orders of the Communist officials; the city covers two types of geographical areas, the hills and the meadows of the Suceava river valley. The unique setting of the urban settlement includes two groves, Zamca and Șipote, which are both located within the city limits. Burdujeni, one of the neighbourhoods, is connected to the rest of the city by a prominent avenue, which makes the neighbourhood appear to be a separate satellite town. In 1910, when the city was still under imperial Austrian administration, the total population amounted to 10,955 inhabitants.

Of those, 61.5% declared their native language was German, followed by Romanian with 25.38% and Ruthenian with 5.46%. 20 years when the city switched to royal Romanian administration, the 1930 census recorded a population which amounted to c. 17,000 inhabitants with the following ethno-linguistic composition: Romanians: 60.2% Germans: 16.7% Jews: 15.4% Ukrainians: 3.7% Poles: 2.0%According to the 2011 census data, Suceava had a population of 92,121, a decrease from the figure recorded at the 2002 census, making it the 23rd largest city in Romania at that time. Additionally, the ethnic composition was as follows: Romanians

Kochas

Kochas is a town in Rohtas district of Bihar state, India. It is located at an elevation of 69 m above MSL. National Highway 30 passes through Kochas; the nearest airport is Varanasi Airport. The most famous cultural event of Kochas is Krishn Lila it is known and famous as "Kans Lila". Beside Krishn Lila other famous cultural activities are Chhath Pooja, Durga Pooja and other religious functions. Kochas's Surya Mandir sun temple is identity of Kochas, it is situated in center of a Pond "Pokhara". It was established on 1 october The common occupation in the area are related to agriculture. Since paddy is main crop of area so Rice Processing Units known as rice mills developed in surrounding area. After the economic reforms of 1991 Kochas become a small business hub having shops of agricultural equipment/Tools; this small town fulfill the day to day requirements of the people living in villages in surrounding area. There are schools fulfilling Educational need of the area. Vimal Foundation Public School is a newly Inaugurated School which fulfilling the Quality Education in the City.

The Kochas Uchch Vidyalaya "Kochas High School" is prestigious school of Kochas founded by Shri kesho Tiwary a well-known Social activist of the circle. Another school is "etc.. Beside these two school various other Private schools like Rohtas public School,DAV and Urdu schools are functioning. Rohtas Public School is the popular English School of Kochas. There are many students. There are many coaching institution facility available. Sweets like "Piao", "Gulab Jamun" and "Khurama" made by Bukhari Shah Sweet shop is famous all over area. There are multiple bank branches available such as State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Bank Of India and Sindh Bank,HDFC Bank,Madhya Bihar Gramin Rohtas Bank etc. About Kochas Satellite map of Kochas Rohtas Census Data 2001

Augusto H. Álvarez

Augusto Harold Álvarez García was a Mexican Modernist architect. Álvarez was student of José Villagrán García. He taught at the Escuela Nacional de Arquitectura of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, where the computer laboratory is named after him, he was founder of the school of architecture at the Universidad Iberoamericana, was its first director. His design works were influenced by the International style architecture of Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe, he collaborated with notable Mexican Modernist architects including Juan Sordo Madaleno, Enrique Carral Icaza, Salvador Ortega Flores. He participated in projects for: Mexico City International Airport Universidad Iberoamericana Business and administration school of the UNAM Bank of Valle de México IBM in Mexico City An Archbishop's residence Escuela Bancaria y Comercial Torre Latinoamericana Torre Altus. Modernist architecture in Mexico Graciela de Garay: Augusto H. Álvarez. Historia Oral de la Ciudad de México: testimonios de sus arquitectos, Instituto de Investigaciones Dr. José María Luis Mora, Mexico, 1994, Lourdes Cruz González Franco:, UNAM faculty of architecture, Mexico, 2004.

Augusto H. Álvarez at archINFORM Bilder der Werke von Augusto H. Álvarez at praella.com Augusto H. Álvarez at Arquitectura Moderna