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The Sugababes are a British girl group, composed of Keisha Buchanan, Mutya Buena, Siobhán Donaghy. Formed in 1998, they released their debut album One Touch through London Records in November 2000 which achieved moderate success and spawned the hit single Overload. In 2001, Donaghy was replaced by Heidi Range. With Range's introduction, the group began to experience a higher level of commercial success, going on to release three multi-platinum selling albums, Angels with Dirty Faces and Taller in More Ways. In 2005, Buena announced her departure. Following the release of their first greatest hits album, the new line-up released two further studio albums and Catfights and Spotlights. In September 2009, after 11 years in the Sugababes, the final original member, was replaced by former UK Eurovision entry Jade Ewen. Range and Ewen released the group's seventh studio album, Sweet 7, in 2010, after which they signed to RCA Records, before announcing an indefinite hiatus in 2011; the same year, the original line-up of the band reformed in 2011 as Mutya Keisha Siobhan and released the single "Flatline".

Following another hiatus, the trio regained the name Sugababes in September 2019 and recorded a rendition of the song "Flowers" along with DJ Spoony. In 2006, British Hit Singles & Albums named the Sugababes as the most successful female act of the 21st century with six UK number-one singles and eighteen UK top ten hits, they achieved six number-one singles, "Freak like Me", "Round Round", "Hole in the Head", "Push the Button", "Walk This Way" and "About You Now". They released five UK top ten albums, four of which reached at least platinum certification in the UK, have been nominated for six Brit Awards, winning one for Best British Dance Act in 2003, they have been a long-term fixture in the British tabloids due to their several line-up changes and alleged group infighting. The Sugababes were formed in 1998 by All Saints manager Ron Tom. Siobhán Donaghy and Mutya Buena, both aged just 13, had been signed as solo artists, but decided to work together after performing at the same showcase. While working in the studio, Buena invited her best friend.

Manager Tom decided the three girls were to be a trio, likening their different appearances to the United Colors of Benetton campaign. Dubbed the Sugababies, the group's name was tweaked to Sugababes when they were signed by London Records to give the group a more mature image; the group's debut single, "Overload", peaked at number 6 on the UK Singles Chart in 2000 and was nominated for a BRIT Award for Best Single. The group co-wrote most of the tracks on debut album One Touch with the help of All Saints producer Cameron McVey. One Touch peaked at number 26 on the UK Albums Chart; the album produced three more top 40 hits—"New Year", "Run for Cover" and "Soul Sound". The sales of One Touch did not meet London Records' expectations, they dropped the group in 2001, it was certified gold by the BPI and had sold 220,000 copies in the UK by 2008 according to Music Week. During a Japanese promotional tour in August 2001, Donaghy left the group, she stated that she wanted to pursue a fashion career, but was diagnosed with clinical depression amid reports of in-fighting amongst the group's members.

Donaghy stated that she was forced out of the group by Buchanan and called Buchanan the "first bully" in her life. Former Atomic Kitten member Heidi Range was announced as Donaghy's replacement. Having started work on a second album with new member Range, the trio looked for a new record label signing to Island Records, their first single on the new label, "Freak like Me" scored the group their first UK number 1 single. Follow-up single "Round Round" debuted on top of the UK Singles Chart and peaked at number 2 in Ireland, the Netherlands and New Zealand. Both singles were certified silver by the BPI. On the back of the success of the singles, the group's second album, Angels with Dirty Faces, debuted at number 2 on the UK Albums Chart and was certified triple platinum, selling a million copies in the UK alone, it is to date their highest-selling album. In the UK, the third single from the album, a ballad titled "Stronger", gained the girls their third consecutive top ten hit in their native country.

The track was released as a double-A side with "Angels with Dirty Faces" in the UK, the latter song chosen as the theme tune to The Powerpuff Girls Movie. A fourth single, the Sting-sampling "Shape", made the top ten in the Netherlands and Ireland in early 2003; the group's third album, was released in late 2003 and reached number 3 on the UK Albums Chart, earning the group a BRIT Award nomination for Best Album. Certified double platinum, it has sold 855,000 copies to date; the album was preceded by lead single "Hole in the Head", which became the group's third UK number 1 single. It reached number 2 in Ireland, the Netherlands and Norway, became the Sugababes' first single to chart in the United States, reaching number 96 on the Billboard Hot 100. Follow-up single "Too Lost in You" appeared on the soundtrack to the film Love Actually and went top ten in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK; the album's third single, "In the Middle", was released in 2004 and garnered the group another BRIT Award nomination for Best Single.

In 2004, the trio sang on the Band Aid 20 remake of "Do They Know It's Christmas?", which went to number 1 in the UK in December. Around this time, the group's perceived

1999 FIFA Confederations Cup

The 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup was the fourth FIFA Confederations Cup, the second organised by FIFA. The tournament was hosted by Mexico between 24 July and 4 August 1999, it was won by Mexico. Mexico became the first host nation to win the FIFA Confederations Cup; the competition was to be held in three stadiums, in three cities in the country. However, since the stadiums in Monterrey were sponsored by a competing beer company other than the official advertiser, the city was left out of the tournament altogether; the tournament was scheduled from 8 to 20 January 1999, but was rescheduled by FIFA on 17 November 1998 to accommodate the scheduling of the participating European teams. The tournament was organized in two groups of four teams, in which two teams from both groups advanced to the semi-finals. 1France, the 1998 FIFA World Cup winner, declined to take part.2Bolivia was awarded a spot in the competition because Brazil had won the 1997 Copa América and qualified through the World Cup berth.

3United States was awarded a spot in the competition because the 1998 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners Mexico qualified as hosts. The matches were played in: Source: FIFA Cuauhtémoc Blanco, Marzouk Al-Otaibi and Ronaldinho are the top scorers in the tournament with six goals each. Ronaldinho won the Golden Shoe award by having more assists than Al-Otaibi. In total, 55 goals were scored with none of them credited as own goal. 6 goals 4 goals Alex3 goals 2 goals 1 goal Per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws. FIFA Confederations Cup Mexico 1999, FIFA Technical Report and

Gyeongui Line

The Gyeongui Line is a railway line between Seoul and Dorasan Station in Paju. Korail operates the Seoul Metropolitan Subway service between Munsan Station. For the original line's history and other information prior to 1945, see Gyeongui Line; the line continued to P'yŏngyang and Sinŭiju, where it connected to the South Manchuria Railway, linking the Korean railway system to the rest of Asia and Europe. The Korean Empire intended to build the Gyeongui Line with its own resources at the end of the 19th century, but the project stalled due to lack of funds. Imperial Japan, which gained to concession to build the Gyeongbu Line from Busan to Seoul sought to gain control of the Gyeongui Line project as its continuation further north, recognising the trunk route as a means to keep Korea under its influence; the line was advanced for military considerations in expectation of a confrontation with Russia, which came in 1904 as the Russo-Japanese War. At the start of the war, Japan ignored Korea's declaration of neutrality and transported troops to Incheon, forced the Korean government to sign an agreement that gave Japan's military control of railway projects if deemed necessary for military operations.

Japan's military began to build the Gyeongui Line, while troop bases were established in connection with the railway, the biggest of them next to the terminus of the line, Yongsan Station in Seoul. Freight service on the entirety of the Gyeongui Line was started on April 3, 1906. After the division of Korea in 1945, trains stopped operating between the north and south halves of the country, meaning that southern trains terminated at Kaesŏng, now in North Korea but was at the time part of the US-administered southern zone. Northern trains would have terminated north of Kaesŏng. After the end of the Korean War in 1953, southern trains were cut back to around Munsan, with northern trains terminating at Kaesŏng. Around the same time, North Korea renamed the P'yŏngyang-Kaesŏng section of the line as the P'yŏngbu Line and the P'yŏngyang-Sinŭiju section as the P'yŏngŭi Line; the DPRK sector is now 100% electrified, although the double track section spans only from Pyongyang to Sunan Airport. Since the summit between the two Koreas in 2000, an effort has been underway to reconnect the Gyeongui Line.

Southern passenger service has been extended to Dorasan on the edge of the Demilitarized Zone and tracks have been built across the DMZ itself. In October 2004, the Northern connection from the DMZ to Kaesŏng was completed. Simultaneous test runs along the rebuilt cross-border sections of both the Gyeongui Line and the Donghae Bukbu Line were set for May 25, 2006, but North Korean military authorities cancelled the plans a day ahead of the scheduled event. However, at a meeting held in Pyongyang, North Korea, on April 22, 2007, North and South Korea agreed to restart the project. On May 17, 2007, the first train, carrying North and South Korean delegations, travelled from Munsan Station in the South to Kaesong in the North; the first test run on the Donghae Bukbu Line took place at the same time. According to South Korean representatives, the North has agreed in principle to regular passenger and freight service along the two train lines. On 30 November 2018 an engineers' inspection train from South Korea crossed the border at Dorasan for an assessment, conducted jointly with North Korean officials, of the North's Kaesong to Sinuiju line, rail routes northwards from Mount Kumgang.

Meanwhile, work began to upgrade the South Korean section for high-capacity commuter services. Between Seoul and Munsan, the line is converted into an electrified, double-tracked railway in a new, straighter, 48.6 km long alignment. Work began in November 1999, with a budget estimated at 1,970 billion won; the section from Digital Media City to Munsan was finished on July 1, 2009. The remaining section will be underground between Gajwa Station in northwestern Seoul to Yongsan Station in downtown Seoul; as of 2009, construction progress on the entire Seoul–Munsan section reached 74% of a total budget estimated at 2,153.271 billion won. The section is to be finished by 2014 and the freed area on the surface was reconstructed into a park known as the Gyeongui Line Forest Park; the line is to be further upgraded for 230 kilometres per hour, as part of a government strategic plan to reduce travel times for 95% of Korea to under 2 hours by 2020, announced on September 1, 2010. The Gyeongui Line opened as a part Seoul Metropolitan Subway on July 2009 from Seoul to Munsan.

The line connects Seoul, Digital Media City, Ilsan and Munsan, offers transfers to Line 3, Line 6, AREX. The main line terminated at Digital Media City Station when first opened, while a separate branch continued to Seoul Station. On December 15, 2012, the main line was extended to Gongdeok Station, providing transfers to Line 2 and Line 5. On December 27, 2014, the main line service was further extended to Yongsan Station from Gongdeok Station, the service was renamed to the Gyeongui–Jungang Line following the merging of the line with the Jungang Line; the term "subway" in reference to this line is somewhat of a misnomer, as the line runs underground for less than three percent of its length. The upgraded line follows alignment of the old line built 100 years ago; the outer portion of the line runs through countryside rice paddies and vegetable fields, outside of Seoul enters urbanized areas. It is at-grade, includes several at-grade crossings with local roads, where Korail employees stand by on duty to stop traffic.

Before the integration with the subway system, the most common service

Downtown Salem District

Downtown Salem District is a historic district bounded by Church, New Derby, Washington Streets in Salem, Massachusetts. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983, represents a major expansion of the Old Town Hall Historic District, listed in 1972; when first listed in 1972, the district consisted of a cluster of buildings around Salem's Old Town Hall on Derby Square and Essex and Front Streets. The Essex Street pedestrian Mall was closed off to vehicular traffic in 1976 and was made open only to pedestrians and delivery vehicles; the 1983 expansion enlarged the district to encompass a significant portion of Salem's historic downtown. It includes two properties listed individually on the National Register: the Joshua Ward House, City Hall, both on Washington Street; the Joshua Ward House is a historic house at 148 Washington Street, built in 1784. It was added separately to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. Salem City Hall, the oldest continually run city hall in America, opened in 1837 and is located at 93 Washington Street in Salem.

Constructed in the style of Greek Revival, it was added separately to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. It notably survived the Great Salem Fire of 1914. Old Town Hall is the earliest surviving municipal structure in Salem and is an outstanding example of Federal architecture; the second floor of the building, Great Hall, has always been used as a public hall, contained town offices until 1837. The first floor designed as a public market, now houses the Salem Museum; the building and its Derby Square site maintain historical associations with Salem's prominent 18th and 19th century Derby family for whom Derby Square, Derby Wharf, Derby Street and the two Derby houses on the Salem waterfront were named. The building contains elements attributed to both Charles Bulfinch, the most influential Boston architect of the Federal period, Samuel McIntire, Salem's renowned architect and woodcarver; the structure was saved from demolition by Salem preservation architect Philip Horton Smith in the 1930s, underwent a partial restoration in the 1970s.

History Alive!, the professional acting branch of the Gordon College Department of Theatre, sometimes performs at Old Town Hall. National Register of Historic Places listings in Salem, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts


Lakenheath is a village in Suffolk, England. It has a population of 4,691 according to the 2011 Census, is situated in the Forest Heath district of Suffolk, close to the county boundaries of both Norfolk and Cambridgeshire, at the meeting point of The Fens and the Breckland natural environments. Lakenheath is host to the largest USAF base in RAF Lakenheath. Lakenheath Fen Nature Reserve, created in 1996, restored wetlands from agricultural fields that were growing carrots. In May 2007, it was reported that cranes were nesting in the site for the first time since the fen lands were drained in the 16th century; the village has a single Victorian primary school, constructed in 1878, extended in 1969, again in 2004 and most in 2010/2011. There is a small shopping street on which a variety of multi-cultural shops and services are available. Horse-riding services are present; the village has a modern library with various amenities. Along this main road there is a small hotel, skate park, a children's play park.

Lakenheath has two pubs though it had at least sixteen more. The Plough Inn is a spacious flint faced Far Eastern restaurant and takeaway, it reopened at the end of 2013 after being closed for two years. The other pub is the Brewer's Tap; the Royal British Legion was a members only club, but closed in April 2012. Lakenheath is remarkable for its medieval church, built about 900 years ago in wood being rebuilt in the local flint construction style; the church on the exterior has an embattled parapet that has an array of gargoyles and other carved faces at the string course at the base. The interior includes medieval carvings on the pews; the faces of the church's wooden angels bear the scars of the English Civil War, as none of the angels retained their original facial detail, due to religiously motivated vandalism by puritan soldiers. In early 2009, the church received a large grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund and local organisations to restore its rare medieval wall paintings; the wall paintings, depicting local saint St Edmund and birds amongst other subjects, are believed to date from the 13th century.

As well as the Anglican parish church, Lakenheath has churches representing the Methodist, Strict Baptist and Pentecostal denominations. All three of the non-Anglican church buildings are primarily constructed of local flint, albeit with modifications in brick; the village was struck by an F0/T1 tornado on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day. The built pavilion now houses the local cricket club and hosts various events. Lakenheath railway station is three miles away from the village. There are regular bus services to the neighbouring towns of Brandon and Thetford plus buses to Bury St. Edmunds operated on school/college days which are available to the general public. Lakenheath is host to the largest deployment of United States Air Force personnel in the United Kingdom: RAF Lakenheath; the social impact of the United States Air Force fighter airbase and its nearby sister, RAF Mildenhall, on the economy of Lakenheath and on the nearby towns and villages is important.

The United States has maintained a presence in the community since bombers were stationed there during WWII conducting raids on Europe. The base has a population of around 6000 service personnel. During the Ice Age, the River Bytham flowed through the area, now Lakenheath, depositing much of the modern geology found in the area. Excavation of three early Anglo Saxon cemeteries at RAF Lakenheath between 1997 and 2002 uncovered a total of 394 inhumation and 17 cremation burials, including one 6th-century grave with a horse burial: a man was buried next to a armoured horse. Lakenheath has an oceanic climate similar to the rest of the region of East of England, it is therefore warmer and drier than the average climate of the British Isles due to its relative distance to the low-pressure dominated coastal weather systems of the Atlantic


KSUN is a Spanish-language radio station broadcasting out of Phoenix and serving the Phoenix metropolitan area. It is locally owned by the Marques brothers and operates a regional Mexican music format under the branding "La Mejor"; the station is the Spanish-language play-by-play home of Phoenix Suns basketball games. 1400 AM in Phoenix signed on August 1954 as KONI, the 9th radio station in Phoenix. KONI became KXIV in 1961; until 1982, KXIV was programmed with a middle of the road music format. The station was co-owned by actor Dick Van Dyke. Disc jockeys included George Scott, Jack Dey, Jim Hutton, Paul B. Mundt, Jim Spero. Van Dyke and Lavin sold KXIV in 1982 to local real estate developer Michael Levin, who relaunched the station with a news/talk format as KSUN, featuring personalities from ABC's TalkRadio Network, NBC's Talknet and audio from CNN2; the call letters had been sold to Levin by the previous KSUN in Bisbee, at the time silent and in receivership. Hourly discount auctions through a segment called "BarterBank" were heavily advertised.

Levin's tenure running KSUN was marred by suspicious vandalism and layoffs. The station fell into bankruptcy and went silent on Memorial Day weekend 1983. CAZ Broadcasting bought KSUN out of bankruptcy in 1984, brought the station back the next year as an affiliate of the original Radio AAHS, a radio service developed for children, with adult-oriented music at night. By 1986, KSUN was running jazz full-time with minor league baseball play-by-play of the Phoenix Firebirds, having lost Radio AAHS when Children's Radio Network opted to cease distributing it outside of its owned-and-operated stations. After an abortive attempt to sell the station to TransCom, owners of KLZI 99.9 FM, going silent again at the end of summer, Fiesta Radio purchased the station in November 1986. Radio Fiesta signed on March 23, 1987; the station became a sports play-by-play specialist. In 2015, the station partnered with Mexican radio company MVS Radio to launch its regional Mexican La Mejor format in Phoenix. Query the FCC's AM station database for KSUN Radio-Locator Information on KSUN Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KSUNFCC History Cards for KSUN