Sugar Land, Texas

Sugar Land is a city in Fort Bend County, United States, located in the southwestern part of the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. Located about 19 miles southwest of downtown Houston, Sugar Land is a populous suburban municipality centered around the junction of Texas State Highway 6 and U. S. Route 59. Beginning in the 19th century, the present-day Sugar Land area was home to a large sugar plantation situated in the fertile floodplain of the Brazos River. Following the consolidation of local plantations into Imperial Sugar Company in 1908, Sugar Land grew as a company town and incorporated as a city in 1959. Since Sugar Land has grown alongside other edge cities around Houston, with large-scale development of master-planned communities contributing to population swells since the 1980s. Sugar Land is one of the most fastest-growing cities in Texas, its population increased more than 158% between 1990 and 2000. Between 2000 and 2007, Sugar Land saw a 46% increase in jobs; as of the 2010 census, the city's population was 78,817.

Following the annexation of the Greatwood and New Territory communities in December 2017, the city's population was estimated at 118,600 as of 2018. Sugar Land is home to the headquarters of Imperial Sugar; the Imperial Sugar crown logo is featured in logo. Prior to the founding of Texas, the Atakapa people lived in the area that would become Sugar Land. Sugar Land has roots in the original Mexican land grant made to Anglo-American Stephen F. Austin. One of the first settlers of the land, Samuel M. Williams, called this area "Oakland Plantation" because of the many different varieties of oak trees on the land. Williams' brother, purchased the land from Austin in 1838, they developed the plantation by growing cotton and sugarcane. During these early years, the plantation was the center of social life along the Brazos River. In 1853, Benjamin Terry and William J. Kyle purchased the Oakland Plantation from the Williams family. Terry is known for organizing a division of Texas Rangers during the Civil War and for naming the town.

Upon the deaths of Terry and Kyle, Colonel E. H. Cunningham bought the 12,500-acre plantation soon after the Civil War, he had a sugar-refining plant built here, developed the town around it in 1879, platting the land and attracting settlers during the post-Reconstruction era. In 1906, the Kempner family of Galveston, under the leadership of Isaac H. Kempner, in partnership with William T. Eldridge, purchased the 5,300-acre Ellis Plantation, one of the few plantations in Fort Bend County to survive the Civil War; the Ellis Plantation had been part of the Jesse Cartwright league. In 1908, the partnership acquired the adjoining 12,500-acre Cunningham Plantation, with its raw-sugar mill and cane-sugar refinery; the partnership changed the name to Imperial Sugar Company. Around the turn of the 20th century, most of the sugarcane crops were destroyed by a harsh winter; as part of the Kempner-Eldridge agreement, Eldridge moved to the site to serve as general manager and build the company-owned town of Sugar Land.

The trains running through Sugar Land are on the route of the oldest railroad in Texas. They run adjacent to the sugar refinery, west of the town, through the center of what used to be known as the Imperial State Prison Farm, it operated with convict lease labor. Between the end of the civil War and 1912, more than 3,500 prisoners died in Texas as a result of the racist convict leasing program. Archaeologists have uncovered unmarked graves of African Americans from this period in the region around Sugar Land's prison and sugar factory. Since the early 21st century, this area has been redeveloped as the suburban planned community of Telfair; as a company town from the 1910s until 1959, Sugar Land was self-contained. Imperial Sugar Company provided housing for the workers, encouraged construction of schools, built a hospital to treat workers, provided businesses to meet the workers' needs. Many of the original houses built by the Imperial Sugar Company remain today in The Hill and Mayfield Park areas of Sugar Land, have been passed down through generations of family members.

During the 1950s, Imperial Sugar wanted to expand the town by building more houses. It developed a new subdivision, Venetian Estates, which featured waterfront homesites on Oyster Creek and on man-made lakes; as the company town expanded, so did the interest of establishing a municipal government. Voters chose to make Sugar Land a general-law city in 1959, with T. E. Harman becoming the first mayor. In the early 1960s, a new subdivision development called; that year, the Imperial Cattle Ranch sold about 1,200 acres to a developer to create what became Sugar Creek in 1968. As a master-planned community, Sugar Creek introduced the concept of country club living to Sugar Land. Custom houses were built to surround two golf courses, country clubs, swimming pools, a private home security service were part of the amenities developed; the success of Sugar Creek, buoyed by the construction of U. S. Highway 59 made Sugar Land's vast farmlands attractive to real estate developers for residential housing. In 1977, development began on a master-planned community encompassing 10,000 acres.

Developed by a Gerald

Bear 100 Mile Endurance Run

The Bear 100 Mile Endurance Run is an ultramarathon that traverses the Wasatch and Bear River Ranges west of Bear Lake, from Logan, Utah to Fish Haven, Idaho. With 21,986 ft of climb and an average elevation of 7,700 ft, it is one of the more difficult ultramarathons. So, runners of all skill are attracted to it because of its 36-hour time limit and laid-back attitude; the run is held on the Saturday before the last full weekend in September. This augurs warm fall days and cool nights in spectacular fall color, hence the run's motto "36 Hours of Indian Summer." In 2006, an unprecedented series of snow storms forced a change to an alternate course 36 hours before the start of the run. This was possible only because of deep support of local volunteers and ham radio operators; that year 36 runners out of 44 starters reached the finish, despite running through 50 miles of snow-covered terrain and enduring temperatures down to 17F. The Bear 100 is part of the "Rocky Mountain Slam," which a runner completes if s/he finishes the Hardrock 100 plus three of four other races in the Rocky Mountains: Leadville Trail 100, the Bear 100 Mile Endurance Run, the Bighorn 100, or the Wasatch Front 100 Mile Endurance Run.

The award is presented at and hosted by the Bear 100 Mile Endurance Run, as this is the final run in the series. Christopher Kollar set the men's course record of 17:50:15 in 2012. Kaci Lickteig set the women's course record of 20:27:57 in 2016; the Bear 100 Official Site

Palais Schwarzenberg

Palais Schwarzenberg is a Baroque palace in front of Schwarzenbergplatz, Landstraße, the 3rd district of Vienna, Austria. It is owned by the princely Schwarzenberg family. Construction started in 1697 under the architect Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt and finished with alterations in 1728 under Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. Construction was supervised by master-builder Anton Erhard Martinelli. In 1751, a riding school and an orangery were added; the richly decorated Marmorgalerie is one of the largest features in the palace. Today, parts of it are a five star hotel and the building is used for festivities and events, it doubled as James Bond's hotel in the 1987 movie The Living Daylights. It is closed for refurbishment. A Palais Schwarzenberg in Prague exists near the cathedral on the top of the hill. List of Baroque residences Schwarzenbergplatz Schwarzenbergstraße Lothringerstraße Am Heumarkt Belvedere Rennweg, Prinz-Eugen-Straße, Wieden district Russisches-Helden-Denkmal