The Sukma Games is a biannual national multi-sport event involving young athletes from Malaysian 13 member states and the Federal territory. The games is regulated by the National Sports Council of Malaysia, the state sports council of the respective member states, the Olympic Council of Malaysia and the National Sports association of the games respective sporting event; the Sukma Games was conceptualised by the Minister of Culture and Sports, Anwar Ibrahim in 1983. The proposed rationale was that a national games will help improve the sports quality and encourages athletes to participate in sports at state level, improve officials performance, encourages the building of new venues and upgrading of existing sport venues at state level and cultivate national integration spirit among Malaysian community. At first, the inaugural games was proposed to be held from 15 August to 2 September 1985 and consist of 6 sports such as tennis, table tennis, athletics, sepak takraw and volleyball. However, a new proposal to involve more sport was submitted by the public to the National Sports Council of Malaysia, which accept the proposal and made the decision to held the games every two years begins 1986 onwards and alternate with the Southeast Asian Games.
The first Sukma Games were held in Kuala Lumpur from 19–26 April 1986 participated by more than 3849 athletes from 13 States of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory, The Malaysian Universities Sports Council, Royal Malaysian Police and the Malaysian Armed Forces. The third edition was held in Sarawak in 1990, making it the first time the Sukma Games was held in the state and the first time in East Malaysia. At the 6th Sukma Games in Pahang in 1996, Brunei and the Malaysian Schools Sports Council made their debut, while the Malaysian Armed Forces ceased to participate and the Northern Territory of Australia only participates at the 9th Sukma Games in Sabah in 2002. At the 10th Sukma Games in 2004 in Negeri Sembilan, both the Schools Sports Council and Universities Sports Council ceased to participate while at the 11th edition in Kedah in 2006, both Kuala Lumpur and Labuan team merged to form the Federal Territory team following the administration merger of Kuala Lumpur and the Putrajaya while the Police participates at the games for the last time.
A decision was made by the National Sports Council on 27 May 2010 to held the games annually from 2011 onwards in an effort to develop and democratise all sports including optional sports in the country. The odd year games was held in Kuala Lumpur by the National Sports Council and involve only optional sports, while the year games was held in member states of the country and involve only core sports; the odd year games was however abolished by the council in 2015, citing packed state sports agenda and high cost for state sport councils to fund a Sukma Games contingent every year. Notes: ^ Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya participated as a combined Federal Territory contingent since 2006. Given Putrajaya's small area and population, the Putrajaya contingent was never formed throughout Sukma Games history. ^ No longer participated in the games ^ Not from within Malaysia. ^ Malaysian Universities Sports Council ^ Malaysian Schools Sports Council ^ Royal Malaysian Police ^ Malaysian Armed Forces The list below shows the sports that are played at all the Sukma Games since 1986.
Below shows the all time medal table of Sukma Games from 1986 to 2018. Defunct teams are highlighted in italics. * Host nation * Host nation * Host nation * Host nation * Host nation * Host nation * Host nation All states of Malaysia have held their respective Sukma Games, except Kelantan. Para Sukma Games, is a Malaysian biannual national multi-sport event held after every Sukma Games involving disabled athletes from Malaysian 13 member states and federal territory. Participants have a variety of disabilities, ranging from spastic, cerebral palsy, mobility disabilities, visual disabilities, amputated to intellectual disabilities; the Para Sukma Games is regulated by the Malaysia Paralympic Council, State Sports council of respective member states, Ministry of Youth and Sports, national sports association of the sports competed at the games and National Sports Council of Malaysia and is traditionally hosted by the state where the Sukma Games took place. The games' known as Malaysian Paralympiad and National Games of Malaysia For the Disabled and was established in 1982.
Sopma Games is a biannual event held for deaf athletes since 1985. It was known as Deaf Clubs Sports Championship and National Deaf Games Sport in Malaysia Malaysia at the Olympics Malaysia at the Asian Games Malaysia at the Commonwealth Games Sukma Games 2016 Sukma Games Information Site Sukan Malaysia - Tag Archive - PenyuSukan.com 1996 Sukma Games Official Website
Southern Regional Technical College is a public community college with its main campus in Thomasville, Georgia. It is part of the Technical College System of Georgia and provides education services for a seven-county service area in southwest Georgia; the school was formed by consolidation of Southwest Georgia Technical College in Thomasville and Moultrie Technical College in Moultrie. The school's service area includes Colquitt, Early, Miller, Seminole, Tift and Worth counties.. SRTC is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award associate degrees and Technical Certificates of Credit. Many of the school's individual technical programs are accredited by their respective accreditation organizations. SRTC's main campus is in Georgia.
Old New Borrowed Blue is the 19th studio album by folk rock band Fairport Convention, although for this release, they were billed as "Fairport Acoustic Convention" as it was the band's first all-acoustic album in 29 years. Part studio, part live, it was recorded to publicise a tour of the United States and consisted of cover versions, new songs and classic tracks dating back to the band's early career. Dave Mattacks, who had provided drums and electronic instrumentation for previous albums, was absent. Allmusic praised the album, saying "The playing is exquisite and the vocalizing by Simon Nicol and Dave Pegg is extraordinary". Studio tracks"Woodworm Swing" - 3:08 "Men" - 3:45 "Aunt Sally Shuffle" - 1:22 "There Once Was Love" / Innstück - 4:45 "Frozen Man" - 4:20 "Mr Sands Is in the Building" - 2:06 "Lalla Rookh" - 4:27Live tracks"Foolish You" - 3:34 "Crazy Man Michael" - 5:09 "The Widow of Westmorland's Daughter" - 4:05 "Genesis Hall" - 4:13 "The Deserter" - 5:43 "The Swimming Song" - 3:24 "Struck It Right" - 4:26 "The Hiring Fair" - 6:07 "Matty Groves"/"Dirty Linen" - 10:06 Simon Nicol - vocals, acoustic guitar Ric Sanders - violin Dave Pegg - acoustic bass guitar, backing vocals Maartin Allcock - acoustic guitars, accordion, bodhran, backing vocalsAdditional personnel Mark Tucker - recording engineer and CD mix.
Mat Davies - recording engineer 1996, May: Woodworm Records WRCD 024, UK & Australia LP 1996, June: Green Linnet 3114, US CD 1999, August: SSE Communications SSE-7301, Japan CD 2007: Talking Elephant 110, US CD "Fairport Convention Fansite " Expletive-Delighted!" - Discography Fairport " Acoustic" Convention OLD NEW BORROWED BLUE". Ian & Stephanie Rennie. Archived from the original on December 28, 2004. Retrieved 2009-11-25
Man of Many Faces is an Iranian comedy television series created for the channel IRIB TV3. It was directed by Mehran Modiri, who stars as the lead character Masoud Shastchi, it features much of the cast of Mozaffar's Garden, a series made earlier by Modiri. 13 episodes of the series aired on IRIB TV3 from 20 March to 2 April 2008. The complete collection of episodes was released on home media in a box set of three DVD discs. Mehran Modiri as Masoud Shastchi Parviz Fallahipoor as Dr. Tabibian Ali Reza Khamseh as Ghazzaghemandian Pejman Bazeghi as Shahin Etemadi Reza Feiz Noroozi as Mr Jandaghi Siamak Ansari as Dr Soheil Tabibian Rasoul Najafian as Maestro Kharab Akram Mohammadi as Ziba Parastoo Golestani as Soheila Tabibian Falamak Joneidi as Sahar Jandaghi Gholam Reza Nik-khah as Masoud's father Parvin Ghaem-maghami as Masoud's mother Saed Hedayati as Judge Mard-e Dohezar-Chehreh
In programming language theory, semantics is the field concerned with the rigorous mathematical study of the meaning of programming languages. It does so by evaluating the meaning of syntactically valid strings defined by a specific programming language, showing the computation involved. In such a case that the evaluation would be of syntactically invalid strings, the result would be non-computation. Semantics describes the processes a computer follows when executing a program in that specific language; this can be shown by describing the relationship between the input and output of a program, or an explanation of how the program will be executed on a certain platform, hence creating a model of computation. Formal semantics, for instance, helps to write compilers, better understand what a program is doing, to prove, e.g. that the following if statement if 1 == 1 S1 else S2 has the same effect as S1 alone. The field of formal semantics encompasses all of the following: The definition of semantic models The relations between different semantic models The relations between different approaches to meaning The relation between computation and the underlying mathematical structures from fields such as logic, set theory, model theory, category theory, etc.
It has close links with other areas of computer science such as programming language design, type theory and interpreters, program verification and model checking. There are many approaches to formal semantics; such denotations are mathematical objects inhabiting a mathematical space, but it is not a requirement that they should be so. As a practical necessity, denotations are described using some form of mathematical notation, which can in turn be formalized as a denotational metalanguage. For example, denotational semantics of functional languages translate the language into domain theory. Denotational semantic descriptions can serve as compositional translations from a programming language into the denotational metalanguage and used as a basis for designing compilers. Operational semantics, whereby the execution of the language is described directly. Operational semantics loosely corresponds to interpretation, although again the "implementation language" of the interpreter is a mathematical formalism.
Operational semantics may define an abstract machine, give meaning to phrases by describing the transitions they induce on states of the machine. Alternatively, as with the pure lambda calculus, operational semantics can be defined via syntactic transformations on phrases of the language itself. Axiomatic semantics makes no distinction between a phrase's meaning and the logical formulas that describe it; the canonical example of axiomatic semantics is Hoare logic. The distinctions between the three broad classes of approaches can sometimes be vague, but all known approaches to formal semantics use the above techniques, or some combination thereof. Apart from the choice between denotational, operational, or axiomatic approaches, most variation in formal semantic systems arises from the choice of supporting mathematical formalism; some variations of formal semantics include the following: Action semantics is an approach that tries to modularize denotational semantics, splitting the formalization process in two layers and predefining three semantic entities to simplify the specification.
Attribute grammars can be understood as a denotational semantics where the target language is the original language enriched with attribute annotations. Aside from formal semantics, attribute grammars have been used for code generation in compilers, to augment regular or context-free grammars with context-sensitive conditions. A categorical semantics is proven to correspond to some axiomatic semantics that gives a syntactic presentation of the categorical structures. Denotational semantics are instances of a general categorical semantics. Important concurrent formalisms have included the Actor model and process calculi. Predicate transformer semantics, developed by Edsger W. Dijkstra, describes the meaning of a program fragment as the function transforming a postcondition to the precondition needed to establish it. For a variety of reasons, one might wish to describe the relationships between different formal semantics. For example: To prove that a particular operational semantics for a language satisfies the logical formulas of an axiomatic semantics for that language.
Such a proof demonstrates that it is "sound" to reason about a particular interpretation strategy using a particular proof system. To prove that operational semantics over a high-level machine is related by a simulation with the semantics over a low-level machine, whereby the low-level abstract machine contains more primitive operations than the high-level a
The Sierre coach crash occurred on 13 March 2012 near Sierre, when a coach carrying school teachers and pupils crashed into a wall in the Sierre Tunnel. Of the 52 people on board, 28 were killed in the crash, including both drivers, all four teachers, 22 of the 46 children; the other 24 pupils, all aged between 10 and 12, were injured, including three who were hospitalised with severe brain and chest injuries. The coach was one of three operated by the Aarschot-based Top Tours company and was transporting Belgian school teachers and students from a skiing holiday in Val d'Anniviers back to their two schools in Belgium, it crashed at around 9.15 pm CET while travelling on the A9 motorway near Sierre, in the southern canton of Valais. It was Switzerland's second-worst road accident in history and the country's worst in a motorway tunnel; the investigation into the crash closed inconclusively in May 2013, having ruled out a number of factors, the subject of media speculation but failing to identify a cause.
A further public investigation, closing at the end of June 2014, attributed the crash to a non-criminal error on the part of the coach driver. Media speculation has continued; the passengers, four teachers and 46 pupils from Saint-Lambertus school in Heverlee, Flemish Brabant, ‘t Stekske primary school in Lommel, were returning home with two other schools originating from Beersel and Haasrode, Flemish Brabant, having spent the previous few days at a skiing resort in Val d'Anniviers in the Swiss Alps. The crash occurred shortly after 9 pm local time on 13 March 2012, when the coach, while in the Sierre Tunnel and hit a curb collided with a concrete wall head-on, at the end of an emergency turnout area; the front portion of the vehicle was damaged preventing some survivors from escaping. Police said that because of the strong impact the coach was badly damaged and many of the passengers were trapped in the wreckage, meaning they had to be freed by the dozens of rescuers mobilised to the scene.
The road was closed in both directions to facilitate the rescue which took several hours and involved firefighters, police and three psychologists. Rescuers described the scene as "apocalyptic" and some became distressed as they fought to remove dead and injured children from the wreckage. Eight air ambulances and a dozen road ambulances were used to transport victims to several hospitals; the most injured children were flown to hospitals in Bern and Lausanne. The coach was one of three hired by the group. Among the passengers aboard the crashed bus were 39 Belgians, ten Dutch children, one German child, one British child, one Polish child. Most of the passengers aboard the coach were Belgian nationals. Six of the 10 Dutch passengers were killed, as well as one schoolboy with dual Belgian-British nationality; the exact cause of the crash has not yet been determined. Tests revealed the driver was not intoxicated with alcohol, did not suffer a heart attack or any other sudden illness, prosecutors stated he was not exceeding the 100 km/h speed limit at the time of the crash.
Experts have narrowed the cause of the crash to either driver fatigue or some sort of undetected medical issue. Police said that the coach, operated by Aarschot-based Top Tours, a company with an "excellent reputation", was a modern and well-maintained vehicle, that the children had all been wearing the fitted seatbelts at the time of impact. Both drivers and all four teachers upon the coach died in the accident. However, 24 of the 46 children aboard the vehicle survived and some were able to provide witness statements; the design of the turnout area, which ended abruptly in a concrete wall, contributed to the severity of the crash. This accident was reminiscent of the 1988 Måbødalen bus accident in Norway, where a Swedish bus whose brakes had failed collided with the concrete arch at the exit of a long and steep tunnel. Belgium declared a day of national mourning on 16 March 2012 in memory of the 28 people who died in the crash, including 21 Belgian nationals, with flags being flown at half-mast and a minute's silence being observed.
Peter Vanvelthoven, the mayor of Lommel, whose school lost 15 of its 22 pupils and both of the teachers aboard the coach, announced a memorial service the next week in the town, with attendees including the Belgian royal family and Prince Willem-Alexander and Màxima of the Netherlands. Beaune coach crash Måbødalen bus accident