Sarah Michelle Gellar
Sarah Michelle Prinze is an American actress and entrepreneur. After being spotted by an agent at the age of four in New York City, she made her acting debut in the made-for-television film An Invasion of Privacy, her television breakthrough came in 1993, when she originated the role of Kendall Hart on the ABC daytime soap opera All My Children, winning the 1995 Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actress in a Drama Series. Gellar received widespread recognition for her portrayal of Buffy Summers on the WB series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, which earned her five Teen Choice Awards and a Golden Globe Award nomination, became recognized as one of the greatest female characters in U. S. television. Her most successful films, in terms of box office receipts, are I Know What You Did Last Summer, Scream 2, Cruel Intentions, Scooby-Doo, Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed and The Grudge. Other film roles include Southland Tales and The Air I Breathe, she headlined the television series The Crazy Ones.
In 2015, along with Galit Laibow and Greg Fleishman, founded Foodstirs, a food crafting brand and e-commerce startup selling baking kits, in 2017, she released her cookbook Stirring Up Fun with Food. Gellar was born in Long Island, she is the only child of Rosellen, a nursery school teacher, Arthur Gellar, a garment worker. Both of her parents were Jewish, though Gellar's family had a Christmas tree during her childhood. In 1984, when she was seven, her parents divorced and she was raised by her mother on the city's Upper East Side. While growing up with her mother, she lost contact with her father, from whom she remained estranged until his death in 2001. I'm not being deliberately evasive about him, it's just that there's so little to say." Besides being a working child at the time, Gellar was a competitive figure skater to which she finished in third place at a New York State regional competition as well as having a black belt in taekwondo. Gellar was given a partial scholarship to study at the Columbia Grammar & Preparatory School, as her mother was not able to pay full tuition, for which she was bullied.
She said in an interview with The Independent: "I was different and that's the one thing you can't be at school, because you're ostracised. I didn't have the money these kids had". Gellar was not present in class for most of the time at the school as she had to work in several acting projects recalling that she "had more absences in the first month than you're supposed to have for an entire year. I was telling them that I had back problems and had to go to the doctor the whole time". Gellar briefly attended the Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts, but dropped out due to acting obligations. Gellar graduated from the Professional Children's School, in 1994 as a "straight A" student with a 4.0 grade average. As Gellar spent significant time working on All My Children while "trying to graduate", the majority of her senior year was completed through guided study. At the age of four, she was spotted by an agent in a restaurant in Upper Manhattan. Two weeks she auditioned for a part in the television film An Invasion of Privacy, with Valerie Harper, Carol Kane and Jeff Daniels.
At the audition, Gellar read both her own lines and those of Harper, impressing the directors enough to cast her in the role. The film aired on CBS in January 1983, she subsequently appeared in a controversial television commercial for Burger King, in which her character criticized McDonald's and claimed to eat only at Burger King. The ad led to a lawsuit by McDonald's, banning her from eating at the food chain, it was tough because, when you're a little kid, McDonald's is where all your friends have their birthday parties, so I missed out on a lot of apple pies." While growing up, Gellar worked as a model for Wilhemina and acted in numerous television commercials. During the 1980s, Gellar played minor roles in the films Over the Brooklyn Bridge, Funny Farm and High Stakes, guest starred in various television series, such as Spenser: For Hire and Crossbow. At the age of nine, she appeared alongside Matthew Broderick and Eric Stoltz in the Broadway production The Widow Claire, she served as a co-host of the teen girl talk show Girl Talk, which aired in 1989.
In 1991, she was cast as a young Jacqueline Bouvier in A Woman Named Jackie. The miniseries won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series. Gellar next took on the leading role in the 1992 syndicated teen serial Swans Crossing, which chronicled the lives of a group of wealthy teenagers; the series ran for one season and earned Gellar two Young Artist Award nominations, for Best Young Actress in a New Television Series and for Best Young Actress in an Off-Primetime Series. She made her debut in the soap opera All My Children in 1993, playing Kendall Hart, the long-lost daughter of character Erica Kane; as she got the role, Gellar was complimented as having the acting talent and the "forceful personality" needed to go up against Lucci's experience. Her stint on the show was successful as "longtime fans of the soap saw her as the second coming of Erica". Writers showcased her more after her initial re
Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock, they produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; the term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now called. By late 1976, bands such as Television and the Ramones in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned in London, the Saints in Brisbane were recognized as forming its vanguard; as 1977 approached, punk became a major and controversial cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
In 1977 the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk, street punk and anarcho-punk became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, indie pop, alternative rock, noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged in the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, The Offspring, Blink-182; the first wave of punk rock was "aggressively modern" and differed from what came before. According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its initial form, a lot of stuff was innovative and exciting. What happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away.
Soon you had endless solos. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock'n' roll." John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans and roll meant this wild and rebellious music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was a subculture that scornfully rejected the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth." Technical accessibility and a Do. UK pub rock from 1972-1975 contributed to the emergence of punk rock by developing a network of small venues, such as pubs, where non-mainstream bands could play. Pub rock introduced the idea of independent record labels, such as Stiff Records, which put out basic, low-cost records. Pub rock bands put out small pressings of their records. In the early days of punk rock, this DIY ethic stood in marked contrast to what those in the scene regarded as the ostentatious musical effects and technological demands of many mainstream rock bands.
Musical virtuosity was looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have many skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music". In December 1976, the English fanzine Sideburns published a now-famous illustration of three chords, captioned "This is a chord, this is another, this is a third. Now form a band"; the title of a 1980 single by the New York punk band Stimulators, "Loud Fast Rules!", inscribed a catchphrase for punk's basic musical approach. Some of British punk rock's leading figures made a show of rejecting not only contemporary mainstream rock and the broader culture it was associated with, but their own most celebrated music predecessors: "No Elvis, Beatles or the Rolling Stones in 1977", declared the Clash song "1977"; the previous year, when the punk rock revolution began in Great Britain, was to be both a musical and a cultural "Year Zero". As nostalgia was discarded, many in the scene adopted a nihilistic attitude summed up by the Sex Pistols slogan "No Future".
While "self-imposed alienation" was common among "drunk punks" and "gutter punks", there was always a tension between their nihilistic outlook and the "radical leftist utopianism" of bands such as Crass, who found positive, liberating meaning in the movement. As a Clash associate describes singer Joe Strummer's outlook, "Punk rock is meant to be our freedom. We're meant to be able to do what we want to do."The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term "poseur" is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values and philosophy. Scholar Daniel S. Traber argues that "attaining authenticity in the punk identity can be difficult".
Mira Katherine Sorvino is an American actress. She won the Academy Award and Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Woody Allen's Mighty Aphrodite, she starred in the films Romy and Michele's High School Reunion, Lulu on the Bridge, The Replacement Killers, Summer of Sam, Like Dandelion Dust. She received Golden Globe and Emmy nominations for her role in Norma Jean & Marilyn, a Golden Globe nomination for her role in Human Trafficking. Sorvino was born in New York City to Lorraine Ruth Davis, a drama therapist for Alzheimer's disease patients and a former actress, Paul Sorvino, a character actor and film director, she has two siblings and Amanda. Sorvino is of Italian descent on her father's side. Sorvino was raised in Tenafly, New Jersey, where she wrote and acted in backyard plays with her childhood friend Hope Davis and in theater productions at Dwight-Englewood School. Sorvino has said that as a child she was influenced by her mother to pursue social causes. Sorvino excelled in high school, was accepted into Harvard University.
She studied for one year as an exchange student with CIEE in Beijing, where she became fluent in Mandarin Chinese. In 1989, she graduated from Harvard magna cum laude with a degree in East Asian studies, she helped found the Harvard-Radcliffe Veritones, one of Harvard's co-ed a cappella groups in 1985. Sorvino's first major screen appearance was in the teen television series Swans Crossing, on which she appeared in six episodes; when the 1993 film Amongst Friends entered preproduction, she was hired as third assistant director was promoted to casting director to assistant producer, was offered a lead role. Positive reviews led to other acting opportunities. After small roles in Robert Redford's Quiz Show and Whit Stillman's Barcelona, she was cast in the 1995 Woody Allen film Mighty Aphrodite, her portrayal of a happy-go-lucky prostitute made her a star, winning her an Academy Award and Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress. While the film garnered Sorvino international notoriety, she described the shooting of the film as stressful: "I was neurotic doing Mighty Aphrodite," she recalled.
"Every night brought a new nervous breakdown. I'd cry and talk to God, I was so nervous; the next day, I'd show up and do my scenes."Other credits include Romy and Michele's High School Reunion with Lisa Kudrow, At First Sight with Val Kilmer, Summer of Sam from Spike Lee. She portrayed Marilyn Monroe for the 1996 HBO film Norma Jean & Marilyn, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe, the lead role in the 1997 horror movie Mimic from Guillermo del Toro. In 1995, she portrayed Conchita Closson in the BBC miniseries The Buccaneers based on Edith Wharton's last novel, she starred as Daisy Buchanan in the 2000 television film The Great Gatsby. In 2002, Sorvino appeared as the lead in The Triumph of Love, an adaptation of the 1732 Marivaux play. In 2006, she received a Golden Globe nomination for her role as an Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent in the Lifetime film Human Trafficking; the following year, she had a supporting role in the drama Reservation Road, with Mark Ruffalo. In February 2008, she guest-starred in the "Frozen" episode of the medical television drama House.
Making her character, psychiatrist Cate Milton, a recurring character, was mentioned, but the writers' strike put a freeze on such discussions. She starred in Attack on Leningrad, Multiple Sarcasms with Timothy Hutton and Stockard Channing, Nancy Savoca's Union Square, with Patti Lupone and Tammy Blanchard; the film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival to good reviews. In the same year, Sorvino played the mother of the lead in the film adaptation of Wendy Mass’s popular children’s book Jeremy Fink and the Meaning of Life. In 2014, she reappeared as Head Detective Betsy Brannigan on the final season of Psych, on the fourth season of Falling Skies as John Pope's love interest, Sara. Sorvino joined the cast of the television series Intruders, playing the role of Amy Whelan. In 2016, she appeared in the Netflix series Lady Dynamite as an actor working on a sitcom pilot named White Trash. In 2018, Sorvino played the role of Amy in the psychological thriller, Look Away, alongside Jason Isaacs and India Eisley.
She will be voiced alongside Tom Hardy, Bryce Dallas Howard, Rachel Weisz, Steven Seagal, Holly Hunter, Sullivan Stapleton and Juliette Lewis in the animated film Live the Hipsters. Between 1996 and 1998, Mira Sorvino was romantically involved with director Quentin Tarantino, her escort to the Academy Awards ceremony where she won Best Supporting Actress for Mighty Aphrodite. Sorvino met actor Christopher Backus at a friend's charades party in August 2003. On June 11, 2004, they married in a private civil ceremony at the Santa Barbara, courthouse later had a hilltop ceremony in Capri, Italy; the couple has four children: daughters Mattea Angel and Lucia and sons Johnny Christopher King and Holden Paul Terry Backus. In honor of Sorvino's role as Susan Tyler, an entomologist, investigating deadly insect mutations in the feature film Mimic, a compound excreted by the sunburst diving beetle as a defensive mechanism was named "mirasorvone" by Thomas Eisner. In September 2014, Sorvino gave a wide-ranging interview on The Nerdist Podcast in which she discusses her education and her life in China, many of her varied interests.
Sorvino has converted to Christianity since then. She resides with her family in California. In 2017, Mira Sorvino came o
David Richard Berkowitz, known as the Son of Sam and the.44 Caliber Killer, is an American serial killer who pleaded guilty to eight separate shooting attacks that began in New York City during the summer of 1976. Using a.44 caliber Bulldog revolver, he killed six people and wounded seven others by July 1977. As the number of victims increased, Berkowitz eluded the biggest police manhunt in the history of New York City while leaving letters that mocked the police and promised further crimes, which were publicized by the press; the killing spree achieved worldwide notoriety. On the night of August 10, 1977, Berkowitz was taken into custody by New York City police homicide detectives in front of his Yonkers apartment building, he was subsequently indicted for eight shooting incidents, he confessed to all of them, claimed to have been obeying the orders of a demon manifested in the form of a dog named "Harvey" which belonged to his neighbor "Sam". Despite his explanation, Berkowitz was found mentally competent to stand trial.
He was incarcerated in state prison. He subsequently admitted. In the course of further police investigations, Berkowitz was implicated in many unsolved arsons in the city. Intense coverage of the case by the media lent a kind of celebrity status to Berkowitz, some observers noted that he seemed to enjoy it. In response, the New York State legislature enacted new legal statutes known popularly as "Son of Sam laws", designed to keep criminals from profiting financially from the publicity created by their crimes; the statutes have remained law in New York in spite of various legal challenges, similar laws have been enacted in several other states. Berkowitz is serving six consecutive life sentences. During the mid-1990s, he amended his confession to claim that he had been a member of a violent Satanic cult that orchestrated the incidents as ritual murder. A few law enforcement authorities have said that his claims might be credible, but he remains the only person charged with the shootings. A new investigation of the murders began in 1996 but was suspended indefinitely after inconclusive findings.
David Berkowitz was born on June 1, 1953. His mother, Elizabeth "Betty" Broder, grew up as part of an impoverished Jewish family and married Tony Falco, an Italian-American, in 1936. After a marriage of less than four years, Falco left her for another woman. About a decade in 1950, Broder started a relationship with a married man named Joseph Klineman. Three years she became pregnant with a child to whom she chose to give the surname Falco—Richard David Falco was born on June 1, 1953, in Brooklyn, New York. Within a few days of his birth, she gave the child away. Although her reasons for doing so are unknown writers have surmised that Klineman threatened to abandon her if she kept the baby and used his name; the infant boy was adopted by Nathan Berkowitz of the Bronx. The Jewish-American couple were hardware store retailers of modest means, childless in middle age, they reversed the order of the boy's first and middle names and gave him their own surname, raising young David Richard Berkowitz as their only child.
Journalist John Vincent Sanders wrote that Berkowitz's childhood was "somewhat troubled". Although of above-average intelligence, he lost interest in learning at an early age and became infatuated with petty larceny and starting fires. Neighbors and relatives would recall Berkowitz as difficult, a bully, his adoptive parents consulted at least one psychotherapist due to his misconduct, but his misbehavior never resulted in a legal intervention or serious mention in his school records. Berkowitz's adoptive mother died of breast cancer when he was fourteen years old, his home life became strained during years because he disliked his adoptive father's second wife. At the age of 17 in 1971, he joined the U. S. served in the United States and South Korea. After an honorable discharge in 1974, he located Betty. After a few visits, she disclosed the details of his illegitimate birth; the news disturbed Berkowitz, he was distraught by the array of reluctant father figures. Forensic anthropologist Elliott Leyton described Berkowitz's discovery of his adoption and illegitimate birth as the "primary crisis" of his life, a revelation that shattered his sense of identity.
His communication with his birth mother lapsed, but for a time he remained in communication with his half-sister, Roslyn. He subsequently had several non-professional jobs, at the time of his arrest he was working as a letter sorter for the U. S. Postal Service. In June 1976, a friend from the Army purchased a.44 caliber Bulldog gun for Berkowitz. During the mid-1970s, Berkowitz started to commit violent crimes, he bungled the first attempt at murder using a knife switched to a handgun and began a lengthy crime spree throughout the New York boroughs of the Bronx and Brooklyn. He sought young female victims, he was purportedly most attracted to women with long, wavy hair. All but one of the crime sites involved two victims, he exhibited an enduring enjoyment of his activities returning to the scenes of his crimes. Berkowitz claimed that he committed his first attack on Christmas Eve, 1975, when he used a hunting knife to stab two women. One alleged victim was never identified by police, but the other was teenager Michelle Forman, whose injuries were serious enough for her to be hospitalized.
Berkowitz was not suspected of these c
69 (sex position)
Sixty-nine or 69 known by its French name soixante-neuf, is a group of sex positions in which two people align themselves so that each person's mouth is near the other's genitals, each performing oral sex on the other. The participants are thus mutually inverted like the numerals 6 and 9 in the number 69, hence the name; this position can involve any combination of sexes. Variations of the 69 positions include mutual anilingus or "double rimming", digital penetration of either partner's anus or vagina. In these positions, the partners are said to experience sexual stimulation but this can distract those who try to focus on pleasuring themselves; the position can be awkward for partners who are not similar in height. Mutual simultaneous oragenitalism is referred to in English under the euphemistic French numerical form, "soixante-neuf." The ancient Chinese Yin and Yang symbol is identical.... The term "soixante-neuf" has not been traced any earlier than the Whore's Catechisms published in the 1790s in France attributed to the early leader of the French Revolution, Mlle.
Théroigne de Méricourt."The earliest unequivocal representation of the sixty-nine appears to be that on an oil-lamp preserved in the Munich Museum, first reproduced in Dr. Gaston Vorberg's... portfolio, Die Erotik der Antiken in Kleinkunst und Keramik plate 58, showing the woman lying on top of the man. Dr. Vorberg gives this... to be of the period of the Roman Caesars.... However, another oil-lamp of the same kind, showing the sixty-nine identically... is more reproduced as a full-color plate, in Prof. Jean Marcadé's Eros Kalos, facing page 58, in... lamps preserved in the Heracleion Museum in Greece.""A Hindu temple-sculpture from the sacred caverns of the island of Elephanta, near Mumbai in India, showing this position with the man standing, holding the woman hanging down in this from his shoulders, was... brought to England in the late eighteenth century....... this sculptured fragment... is both discussed and illustrated in Richard Payne Knight's A Discourse on the Worship of Priapus issued for the Dilettanti Society of London in 1786....
The illustration in question is a detail engraving given in Payne Knight's plate XI. Anilingus Cunnilingus Fellatio Gershon Legman. Oragenitalism: Oral Techniques in Genital Excitation. New York: The Julian Press Inc
Cannes Film Festival
The Cannes Festival, until 2002 called the International Film Festival and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world. Founded in 1946, the invitation-only festival is held annually at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, it is one of the "Big Three" alongside the Venice Film Festival and Berlin International Film Festival. On 1 July 2014, co-founder and former head of French pay-TV operator Canal+, Pierre Lescure, took over as President of the Festival, while Thierry Fremaux became the General Delegate; the board of directors appointed Gilles Jacob as Honorary President of the Festival. The 2018 Cannes Film Festival took place between 8 and 19 May 2018; the jury president was Australian actress Cate Blanchett, Shoplifters, directed by Hirokazu Kore-eda, won the Palme d'Or. The Cannes Film Festival has its origins in 1932 when Jean Zay, the French Minister of National Education, on the proposal of historian Philippe Erlanger and with the support of the British and Americans, set up an international cinematographic festival.
Its origins may be attributed in part to the French desire to compete with the Venice Film Festival, which at the time was shocking the democratic world by its fascist bias. The first festival was planned for 1939, Cannes was selected as the location for it, but the funding and organization were too slow and the beginning of World War II put an end to this plan. On 20 September 1946, twenty-one countries presented their films at the First Cannes International Film Festival, which took place at the former Casino of Cannes. In 1947, amid serious problems of efficiency, the festival was held as the "Festival du film de Cannes", where films from sixteen countries were presented; the festival was not held in 1950 on account of budgetary problems. In 1949, the Palais des Festivals was expressly constructed for the occasion on the seafront promenade of La Croisette, although its inaugural roof, while still unfinished, blew off during a storm. In 1951, the festival was moved to spring to avoid a direct competition with the Venice Festival, held in autumn.
During the early 1950s, the festival attracted a lot of tourism and press attention, with showbiz scandals and high-profile personalities' love affairs. At the same time, the artistic aspect of the festival started developing; because of controversies over the selection of films, the Critics' Prize was created for the recognition of original films and daring filmmakers. In 1954, the Special Jury Prize was awarded for the first time. In 1955, the Palme d'Or was created, replacing the Grand Prix du Festival, given until that year. In 1957, Dolores del Río was the first female member of the jury for the official selection. In 1959, the Marché du Film was founded, giving the festival a commercial character and facilitating exchanges between sellers and buyers in the film industry. Today it has become the first international platform for film commerce. Still, in the 1950s, some outstanding films, like Night and Fog in 1956 and Hiroshima, My Love in 1959 were excluded from the competition for diplomatic concerns.
Jean Cocteau, three times president of the jury in those years, is quoted to have said: "The Cannes Festival should be a no man's land in which politics has no place. It should be a simple meeting between friends."In 1962, the International Critics' Week was born, created by the French Union of Film Critics as the first parallel section of the Cannes Film Festival. Its goal was to showcase first and second works by directors from all over the world, not succumbing to commercial tendencies. In 1965 Olivia de Havilland was named the first female president of the jury, while the next year Sofia Loren became president; the 1968 festival was halted on 19 May. Some directors, such as Carlos Saura and Miloš Forman, had withdrawn their films from the competition. On 18 May filmmaker Louis Malle along with a group of directors took over the large room of the Palais and interrupted the projections in solidarity with students and labour on strike throughout France, in protest to the eviction of the President of the Cinémathèque Française.
The filmmakers achieved the reinstatement of the President, they founded the Film Directors' Society that same year. In 1969 the SRF, led by Pierre-Henri Deleau created the Directors' Fortnight, a new non-competitive section that programs a selection of films from around the world, distinguished by the independent judgment displayed in the choice of films. During the 1970s, important changes occurred in the Festival. In 1972, Robert Favre Le Bret was named the new President, Maurice Bessy the General Delegate, he introduced important changes in the selection of the participating films, welcoming new techniques, relieving the selection from diplomatic pressures, with films like MASH, Chronicle of the Years of Fire marking this turn. In some cases, these changes helped directors like Tarkovski overcome problems of censorship in their own country; until that time, the different countries chose the films that would represent them in the festival. Yet, in 1972, Bessy created a committee to select French films, another for foreign films.
In 1978, Gilles Jacob assumed the position of General Delegate, introducing the Caméra d'Or award, for the best first film of any of the main events, the Un Certain Regard section, for the non-competitive categories. Other changes were the decrease of length of the festival down to thirteen days, thus reducing the number of selected films.
Throggs Neck is a neighborhood and peninsula in the southeastern portion of the borough of the Bronx in New York City. It is bounded by the East River and Long Island Sound to the south and east, Westchester Creek on the west, Baisley Avenue and the Bruckner Expressway on the north; the neighborhood is part of Bronx Community District 10, its ZIP Code is 10465. Throggs Neck is patrolled by the 45th Precinct of the New York City Police Department. Throggs Neck is a narrow spit of land in the southeastern portion of the borough of the Bronx in New York City, it demarcates the passage between the East Long Island Sound. "Throggs Neck" is the name of the neighborhood of the peninsula, bounded on the north by Baisley Avenue and the Bruckner Expressway, on the west by Westchester Creek, on the other sides by the River and the Sound. Throggs Neck is at the northern approach to the Throgs Neck Bridge, which connects the Bronx with the neighborhood of Bay Terrace in the borough of Queens on Long Island.
The Throgs Neck Lighthouse stood at its southern tip. The spelling of the area has been disputed; the traditionally correct spelling is with two Gs, while NYC Parks Commissioner and Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Chairman Robert Moses shortened it to one G after deciding that two would not fit on many of the street signs, long-time residents continue to recognize the traditional spelling. The peninsula was called "Land of Peace", by the New Netherlanders; the current name comes from John Throckmorton, English immigrant and associate of Roger Williams in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. The Dutch allowed Throckmorton to settle in this peripheral area of New Amsterdam in 1642, with thirty-five others. At this time, the peninsula was known as Maxson's point as the Maxson family lived there. Many of the settlers, including Anne Hutchinson and her family, were murdered in a 1643 uprising of Native Americans. Throckmorton returned to Rhode Island. In 1668, the peninsula appeared on maps as "Frockes Neck".
The peninsula was an island at high tide. In 1776, George Washington's headquarters wrote of a potential British landing at "Frogs Neck". At the bridge over Westchester Creek, now represented by an unobtrusive steel and concrete span at East Tremont Avenue near Westchester Avenue, General Howe did make an unsuccessful effort to cut off Washington's troops in October 1776. A farm in the area owned by the Stephenson family was sold in 1795 to Abijah Hammond, who built a large mansion. In the 19th century, the area remained the site of large farms, converted into estates. About 1848 members of the Morris family purchased a large parcel of land and built two mansions and many cottages and service buildings, reached by a private dock in Morris Cove at the end of what is now Emerson Avenue, where they had nearly a mile of shoreline. After the Civil War, Collis P. Huntington, the railroad builder, owned an extensive parcel, which his heirs held until they were the last estate on Throggs Neck. Huntington's property was owned by Frederick C.
Havemeyer Jr. the sugar magnate, the Havemeyer-Huntington mansion is now home to Preston High School, New York. Throgs Neck Park, a 0.44-acre public park that faces Throggs Neck from the opposite shore at the end of Myers Street, was acquired as a public place in 1836. From 1833 to 1856, the construction of Fort Schuyler brought in laborers and craftsmen, many of whom were immigrants from Ireland, to settle in the area with their families. By the late 19th century, the area had developed into a fashionable but more public summer resort, which contained large German beer gardens, to which the residents of Yorkville arrived by steamboat service up the East River; the 19th-century steamboat landing at Ferris Dock on Westchester Creek stood at present-day Brush Avenue north of Wenner Place. The Ferris family were 18th-century residents, whose Ferris Point at the southeast corner of the Throggs Neck neighborhood now supports the Hutchinson River Parkway overhead ramp to the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge and Ferry Point Park.
In the decades after the incorporation of the Bronx into the City of Greater New York in 1898, transit lines were extended to the neighborhood, bringing in many Italian farmers and tradesmen. In the 1920s the large estates became converted into smaller row homes and densely built bungalow lots; the Peters and Sorgenfrel families formed Silver Beach Garden, a summer colony of bungalows that were adapted for year-round use. Residents rented the land when they joined together to buy it. Nearby to the north, a campsite for church youth transformed into a bungalow colony named Edgewater Park. In 1932, Fort Schuyler closed as an active military installation and became the campus for cadets of the State University of New York Maritime College. A 1929–39 pair of plans to expand the subway system with a Second Avenue Subway branch to Throggs Neck did not come to pass. By 1961, with the construction of the Throggs Neck Bridge, as well as the adjacent parkways, the neighborhood lost its comparative isolation.
However, Throggs Neck was exempt from the severe urban decay that affected much of the Bronx in the 1970s. The la