Summerston

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Summerston
Summerston Railway Station with the step going up from the pavement.
Summerston Railway Station
Summerston is located in Glasgow council area
Summerston
Summerston
Summerston shown within Glasgow
OS grid reference NS570702
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G23
Dialling code 0141
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55°54′13″N 4°17′20″W / 55.903603°N 4.288892°W / 55.903603; -4.288892Coordinates: 55°54′13″N 4°17′20″W / 55.903603°N 4.288892°W / 55.903603; -4.288892

Summerston (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Samhraidh)[1] is a residential area of Glasgow, Scotland.

Amenities[edit]

John Paul Academy

Summerston has a riding school run by UK charity Riding for the Disabled.[2] The area is also home to St Blane's Primary[3] and John Paul Academy. The 4th Glasgow Scout Beaver Colony and Cub Scout Pack are based in Caldercuilt Primary School at 101 Invershiel Road. It is also home to Summerston Childcare which is the most popular Family Learning and Out of School centre in Summerston having had a waiting list for their classes since their opening in 1995. Maryhill Harriers running club meet at John Paul Academy as well as various other clubs together with a range of fitness class in the evening at the school. Summerston has several large shops, including an ASDA,[4] a B&M Bargains and a Poundstretchers store, a flooring shop and chemist. There is an entrance to Maryhill Park from Summerston which contains tennis courts, a children’s play area and walking paths.

History[edit]

Summerston Cottages
RIB 2193. Distance Slab of the Second Legion[5] George MacDonald calls in no. 6 in the 2nd edition of his book The Roman Wall in Scotland.[6] He says it was found near the farm at Summerston on the banks of the Kelvin. It has been scanned and a video produced.[7]

The current Summerston railway station is about a mile and a half south of the original one which was on the Kelvin Valley Railway.[8] The original station was north and west of the River Kelvin, close to the Summerston Farm and Cottages[9] and the site of a fortlet on the Antonine Wall.[10] The fortlet was discovered from aerial observation in 1980.[11] A temporary marching camp, south of the Kelvin, was found in 1978 also from the air. A sandstone distance slab[12] was found at Summerston Farm before 1694. A video of scans taken from the stone has been produced.[13] The slab, reminiscent of The Bridgeness Slab, was made by the Second Legion and depicts a helmeted horseman and naked captives.[14] It is now in the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow.[15] The slab was probably originally painted with bright pigments.[16] The colours were found using X-ray and laser technology.[17] The gorey slabs showed natives with bright red blood on their faces, bodies and legs.[18] The neighbouring forts to this forlet were at Bearsden to the west and at Balmuildy to the east.

Another Summerston slab can be compared with one found near Castlehill. Both these similar slabs, like two others from Duntocher have two decorative pelta shields, one on either side of the slab. The horns of each shield are embellished with three rosettes on the Castlehill slab whereas the Summerton slab has these end in two griffins' heads.

The first, badly weathered, slab has four rosettes between the shields and the inscription. It was found in 1803 on Low Millochan farm. The farm, later called East Millichen, is near Summerston.[19] It was built into a dovecot and records the building of 3666.5 paces of wall by the Sixth Legion. MacDonald describes the work as course and relates that some of the abbreviations are unusual. He suggests that it stood side-by-side with what he calls no. 6 (RIB 2193) at Summerston. On the similar Castlehill slab (RIB 2196) he suggests the stone-cutter has blundered and made a letter P where he should have a letter F (for Fidelis) on the fourth line. The Castlehill slab also records 3666.5 paces although the units used are a matter of ongoing research.[20]

Weathered Distance Slab of the Sixth Legion.[21] George MacDonald calls in no. 7 in the 2nd edition of his book The Roman Wall in Scotland.[22] It was found on East Millichen Farm, Summerston.[23] It has been scanned and a 3D model produced.[24]
RIB 2196. Distance Slab of the Sixth Legion[25] George MacDonald calls in no. 8 in the 2nd edition of his book The Roman Wall in Scotland and describes it as belonging to Castlehill or its neighbourhood.[26]

There is some evidence of a Roman bridge over the Kelvin between Summerston and Balmuildy.[27] Summerston was part of the parish of Strathblane.[28] Ironstone[29] and coal[30] were historically mined in the area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic – NewsNetScotland
  2. ^ "RDA Groups". www.rda.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  3. ^ Stewart, Catriona (19 December 2016). "St Blane's Primary hailed by education bosses". Evening Times. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Asda Maryhill Superstore - opening times & facilities". storelocator.asda.com. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  5. ^ "RIB 2193. Distance Slab of the Second Legion". Roman Inscriptions of Britain. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  6. ^ Macdonald, Sir George (1934). The Roman wall in Scotland, by Sir George Macdonald (2d ed., rev., enl., and in great part rewritten ed.). Oxford: The Clarendon press. p. 373-376. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  7. ^ "Distance Slab of the Second Legion , Balmuildy". Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  8. ^ "Summerston [1st]". Scotrail. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  9. ^ "Summerston Farm and Cottages". Open Street Map. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "OS 25 inch map 1892-1949, with Bing opacity slider". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "Summerston Antonine Wall Fortlet & Camp". Roman Britain. Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  12. ^ "Distance Slabs". The Antonine Wall. CastlesFortsBattles.co.uk network. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Distance Slab of the Second Legion , Balmuildy". Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  14. ^ "RIB 2193. Distance Slab of the Second Legion". Roman Inscriptions of Britain. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  15. ^ "distance slab of the Second Legion, recording the completion of 3666.5 paces". Hunterian Museum Archaeology & Ethnography Collections: GLAHM F.5. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  16. ^ "University of Glasgow research finds red and yellow paint on Antonine Wall". University of Glasgow. University news. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  17. ^ Campsie, Alison (18 April 2018). "Original colour scheme of Antonine Wall revealed". The Scotsman. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  18. ^ Harrison, Jody (20 April 2018). "Grisly secrets of the Antonine wall revealed". The Herald. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  19. ^ "OS 25 inch map 1892-1949, with Bing opacity slider". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  20. ^ Krakowka, Kathryn. "Meticulous metric survey of the Antonine Wall". Current Archaeology. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  21. ^ "East Millichen". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  22. ^ Macdonald, Sir George (1934). The Roman wall in Scotland, by Sir George Macdonald (2d ed., rev., enl., and in great part rewritten ed.). Oxford: The Clarendon press. p. 376-377. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  23. ^ "OS 25 inch map 1892-1949, with Bing opacity slider". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  24. ^ "Distance Slab from the Antonine Wall (A.1942.18)". Sketchfab. glasgowmuseums. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  25. ^ "RIB 2196. Distance Slab of the Sixth Legion". Roman Inscriptions of Britain. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  26. ^ Macdonald, Sir George (1934). The Roman wall in Scotland, by Sir George Macdonald (2d ed., rev., enl., and in great part rewritten ed.). Oxford: The Clarendon press. pp. 377–381. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  27. ^ Miller, S. N. (1952). The Roman Occupation Of South Western Scotland Being Reports Of Excavations And Surveys Carried Out Under The Auspices Of The Glasgow Archaeological Society By John Clarke, J. M. Davidson, Anne S. Robertson, J. K. St. Joseph, Edited For The Society With An Historical Survey By S. N. Miller. Glasgow: Robert Maclehose & Company Limited. pp. 88–94. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  28. ^ Smith, John Guthrie (1886). The parish of Strathblane and its inhabitants from early times: a chapter in Lennox history. Glasgow: J. Maclehose and sons. p. 16. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  29. ^ Summary of progress (of the Geological survey ... and Museum of practical geology) . London: Wyman and sons, limited , Printed for H.M. Stationery office. pp. 100–101. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  30. ^ "Garscube Colliery". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 28 April 2018.