click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sun City (South Africa)

Sun City is a luxury resort and casino, situated in the North West Province of South Africa. It is located between the Elands River and the Pilanesberg, about two hours' drive from Johannesburg, near the city of Rustenburg; the complex borders the Pilanesberg Game Reserve. Sun City was developed by the hotel magnate Sol Kerzner as part of his Sun International group of properties, it was opened on 7 December 1979 located in the Bantustan of Bophuthatswana. As Bophuthatswana had been declared an independent state by South Africa's apartheid government, it could provide entertainment such as gambling and topless revue shows, which were banned in South Africa; those factors, as well as its relatively-close location to the large metropolitan areas of Pretoria and Johannesburg, ensured that Sun City soon became a popular holiday and weekend destination. The United Nations had imposed a cultural boycott on South Africa in condemnation of apartheid. To overcome this, Kerzner offered substantial financial incentives to performing artists to use Sun City as a venue.

Several famous performers disregarded the boycott and performed at the venue, such as the Beach Boys, Linda Ronstadt, Millie Jackson, Liza Minnelli, Frank Sinatra, Paul Anka, Status Quo, Rod Stewart, Elton John. British rock band Queen's series of performances at the venue in October 1984—in transgression of the boycott—caused considerable controversy, prompting criticism in the British music press, a fine from the Musicians' Union, Queen's inclusion on the United Nations' blacklisted artists. Following the criticism, Queen defended their decision, citing the fact that they had insisted they played only to desegregated audiences, they donated to a school for the deaf and blind to prove their philanthropic values. In the late 1980s, Queen's song "We Will Rock You" was used as the sound track to Sun City's 60-second video promo, shown as commercial on SABC-TV and when opening shows in Sun City's Superbowl auditorium. On 25 October 1980, Sun City's "Superbowl" hosted a racially-mixed world heavyweight boxing championship fight between champion American Mike Weaver and challenger South African Gerrie Coetzee.

It was won by Weaver by thirteenth-round knockout. The fight was for Weaver's World Boxing Association world heavyweight title. In 1985, E Street Band guitarist Steven Van Zandt made the venue the focus of his music-industry activist group Artists United Against Apartheid. Forty-nine top recording artists collaborated on a song called "Sun City", in which they pledged they would not perform at the resort because of their opposition to apartheid. Additionally, Simple Minds included the song as part of a live medley on their Live in the City of Light double album in 1987. Sun City has continued since Bophutatswana was re-incorporated in the new South Africa in 1994; the resort has four hotels: Soho Hotel Cascades Hotel. Sun City has the Vacation Club, a hotel but sold in a timeshare scheme. Sun City has two international-standard 18-hole golf courses, the Gary Player Country Club and the Lost City Golf Course, both designed by Gary Player; the Gary Player Country Club is home to the Nedbank Golf Challenge, held annually.

The Sun City resort has hosted various concerts and events, including the Miss South Africa and Miss South Africa Teen Pageant. These pageants take place annually in the Valley of Waves, it hosted Miss World pageant five times, from 1992–1995 and 2001. The resort was the site of the Sun City Agreement. In 2001, Sun City was the site of the 2nd IIFA Awards. Held at the Superbowl Arena, it honoured both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in Bollywood, for that year. On that year on 19 May, Irish vocal pop band Westlife held a concert for their Where Dreams Come True Tour supporting their album Coast to Coast. In 2014, the movie Blended, with Drew Barrymore and Adam Sandler, premiered on the premises after being filmed at the resort. Notable facilities at Sun City: The Valley Of Waves The Gary Player Country Club Zip 2000 SunStar Sun Central The Maze Of The Lost City Sun City Casino South African Hall Of Fame Segaetsho Cultural Village Mankwe Gametrackers & Pilanesberg Game Reserve Waterworld Kwena Gardens Adrenaline Extreme Pilanesberg Game Reserve Pilanesberg International Airport Official website The Lost City Golf Course

Kim St-Pierre

Kim St-Pierre is a Canadian ice hockey player. She is five-time IIHF world champion. In 1998-99, she was the top rookie for the McGill Martlets women's ice hockey team, she was the first woman in Canadian Interuniversity Sports history to win a men’s regular season game when McGill University defeated Ryerson University on November 15, 2003 by a score of 5-2. Kim St. Pierre was the goaltender for Team Canada in the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics, was the starting goaltender in Team Canada's 3-2 victory over Team USA in the gold medal final, she played for the Canadian women's team in Turin. St. Pierre holds numerous records in international competition, including most shutouts, most wins, lowest goals against average, she received a gold medal in the Women's Hockey game at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics. St. Pierre retired from international play in April 2013. St-Pierre played for the Montreal Stars of the Canadian Women's Hockey League. In 2007-08, she was voted a CWHL Eastern All-Star. By winning the 2009 Clarkson Cup, St. Pierre won the top three trophies in women's ice hockey, becoming one of only three women to win the Clarkson Cup, an Olympic gold medal, a gold medal at the IIHF women's world hockey championships.

St. Pierre did not play the 2011–12 Canada women's national ice hockey team season to have a baby. St. Pierre made women's ice hockey history on October 23, 2008, when she tended goal during a practice session with the Montreal Canadiens at Denis Savard Arena. Carey Price was out with the flu, she was the second woman in NHL history to play alongside NHL players, since Manon Rheaume in an exhibition game. Wearing her usual #33 jersey, Alexei Kovalev put a wrist shot past her ear and Francis Bouillon blasted a slapshot that just missed her mask and deflected off the crossbar. St. Pierre referred to the experience as "priceless". CWHL Top Goaltender, 2007–08 and 2008–09 CWHL First All-Star Team, 2008–09 CWHL Eastern All-Stars, 2007–08 CIAU Championship game Most Valuable Player in 2000 CIS Most Outstanding Player in 2003 Most Valuable Player, 2002 Esso Women's Nationals Top Goaltender at the 2001 World Championships Top Goaltender at the 2004 World Championships Top Goaltender at the 2002 Winter Olympics Top Goaltender at the 2002 Esso Canadian National Championship Official website of Kim St-Pierre

Onnia tomentosa

Onnia tomentosa is a species of fungus in the family Hymenochaetaceae known as the woolly velvet polypore. It is found in coniferous forests at higher altitudes growing in large groups, rather rare at lower altitudes, it is a plant pathogen, causes tomentosus root rot in spruce. It was known as Inonotus tomentosum Teng until molecular phylogenetic analysis led to major revisions in the classification of the Hymenochaetaceae; the cap is flat when young, with a blunt and yellowish-white margin with a depressed centre and contoured in a wave pattern towards the rim, which has a rather sharp edge when old. It is covered in felt, grey when young and rusty brown when old, up to 10 cm in diameter; the stem is short and thick, dark brown to black. The flesh is hard and fibrous, ochre brown under the cap surface. Most commercially important conifers in Canada, including white spruce, are attacked by Inonotus tomentosus Teng known as Onnia tomentosa; this fungus produces a white pocket rot called Tomentosus root rot in both roots and butts of seeded or planted conifers.

White spruce and black spruce were found to be the 2 most susceptible species in an inoculation test in Saskatchewan, high losses to root rot, in large part due to I. tomentosus, affected white spruce plantations at Grand-Mère QC. In white spruce plantations, mortality in groups of 2 or 3 trees occurs at about age 30–35 years, but younger trees can be killed. Occasional trees as young as 10 years of age are infected. Seventeen white spruce plantations 43–58 years old in Ontario incurred an average of 0.7% mortality annually over a 6-year study period. Average accumulated mortality of dominant and codominant trees was 10.3% for all plantations in that study. Tomentosus root rot was found in more than half the stumps after clearcutting in a plantation at Searchmont, but decay and stain had not yet reached stump height. Coltricia perennis has a weakly circularly zoned, bare cap; the flesh of the cap is stained uniformly. E. Garnweidner. Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and Europe. Collins. 1994

Stone dogs in the Leizhou Peninsula

Leizhou stone dog is a heritage product blending the ancestors' tradition of totem worship integrated with different ethnic cultures. In ancient times Leizhou Peninsula was a stink, wild land with a small population, it was not easy to have children while living in such harsh condition. The original inhabitants therefore worshiped dogs which could give birth to their descendants. Stone dogs in the Leizhou Peninsula are called the Leizhou Stone Dogs, it is a kind of sculptures with a long history. Numerous stone dogs are distributed at village entrances and gates. Stone dogs are a unique local cultural heritage, with many shapes; these carved stone dogs, which have turned grayish after a long period of rain and wind, are the gem of the peninsula's time-honored unique culture. They attract many tourists from both home and abroad; the stone dog is a unique form of art and culture belonging to the Leizhou Peninsula seen elsewhere China or the world. There is no distinct rule in the distribution of stone dogs.

Most of them are scattered in the coastal areas of the Leizhou Peninsula in Zhanjiang City, Xuwen County, Haikang County, Lanjiang City, Suixi County and many other small rural villages' entrances, gates and the entrances of the houses and temples. They are famous in Chentown, Angle Tail Town, Longmen Town, QinDou Town, Lianjiang City, Hengshan Town, GoodDong Town, Shuixi Jiang Hong Town because stone dogs of these cities are more preserved; the stone dogs in different regions come in different shapes, representing the evolution of the region. The discovery sites are historical, may date back to the Qing Dynasty. According to the unofficial statistics Leizhou Peninsula has over a million stone dogs; the Leizhou Museum has collected nearly 500 stone dogs from the countryside, village corners, buried underground, or the villagers. Stone dogs are natural environment in Leizhou Peninsula; the folk religions play the most important role totemism and the worship of the Immortal Thunder. The culture of Chu and Han Dynasty, Taoism culture, Buddhist culture and geomancy contribute to the rich historic meanings of stone dogs.

Leizhou Peninsula is one of the most famous minefields in the world. The worship of the Immortal Thunder became a regional origin of the superstition of Stone Dogs in Leizhou. Li, Yao, Tong and Lin peoples all inhabited Leizhou Peninsula at the beginning; those peoples had their own totems, such as Lin worships the raccoon dog and Miao regarded cats as their totem. Over time the local peoples mixed together and were influenced one another, their previous mascots and totems had been integrated with each other. They reached a consensus on regarding the dog as their mascot in Leizhou Peninsula. From on the worship of dogs become the origin of Stone Dogs culture. Aborigines in Leizhou Peninsula thought dogs had abundant fertility the ability to give birth to male dogs. In ancient times Chinese people focused on the fertility not of the land, but of the people farming it. Many of Stone dogs in the Leizhou Peninsula have gigantic penises as a symbol of blessings for the villagers’ fertility. Stone dogs were considered auspicious animals.

It is believed. The people believe rainwater is charity from God, so the rain-praying ceremony would be held at fixed time in case of drought, it originates from a legend that a thousand years ago, a severe drought hit Leizhou Peninsula and a wizard told people all the sufferings resulted from the mischief of the Immortal Sun. Only the heavenly dog could make the powerful bark to scare off the Immortal Sun. In Chinese myths, there is a story about a heavenly dog eating the sun and bringing rain to the people. Stone dogs were regarded as an angel, able to suppress evil and gave a blessing of peace. There is a fear of thunder and storms. In Chinese, Lei means thunder, Zhou means peninsula. Leizhou Peninsul is abeside the Qiongzhou Strait. In ancient time, Leizhou was a wild land, full of brownish miasma; the local residents had to dwell in the harsh conditions. Some mystic natural phenomenon is a terrible threat to their living. Wherever people thought there was a demon, they placed stone dogs to help protect them.

Today, stone dogs in the Leizhou are a cultural heritage and contribute to the cultural fame all over the world. They help Leizhou Peninsula boast many historical attractions. Leizhou stone dogs are carved from basalt; the biggest stone dog is about 130 cm high, the smallest one is only about 10 cm high, similar to a real dog. Leizhou stone dogs have a variety of distinct features in different regions; the carving methods are unknown. The carving material had disappeared. Based on the type, stone dogs can be classified into three groups: From the Spring and Autumn period to Hingham Dynasties, most stone dogs were simple, rough and featured as images that their heads are up to the sky like the wolves. From Tang to Song dynasties,the main features are boldness and strength, the coordination of stereo and strength in this period the engraving of the penis as a prayer for fertility. In the late Qing Dynasty, by means of the anthropomorphic form and the skillfully perfect shape, the stone dogs stand for the blessing for social stability and outstanding tale

Aswa Dislocation

The Aswa Dislocation called the Aswa mylonite belt, Aswa Lineament or Aswa Shear Zone is a north-west trending ductile shear zone that runs to the east of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The lineament dates to the Precambrian era and thus is much older than the East African Rift System, it extends northwest to Darfur in Sudan along the Abu Gabra Rift, southeast to the Lindi fault zone on the Indian Ocean coast, passing through the Kilimanjaro and Elgon volcanic centers. The fault seems to have been reactivated during the Neogene in the section between the Albertine and Gregory rifts, along its southern extension towards the Indian Ocean; the reactivated section of the Aswa lineament connects the eastern and western branches of the East African rift system. It seems to truncate the Nyanza rift, which extends ENE from Lake Victoria; the section of the Aswa Dislocation between the two rifts forms part of the boundary between the Somali Plate and the African Plate. Sources

2020 Swiss Open (badminton)

The 2020 Swiss Open is a badminton tournament, scheduled to take place at St. Jakobshalle in Basel, from 17 to 22 March 2020 and has a total purse of $175,000. However, on 14 March 2020, the Badminton World Federation announced it has postponed the tournament due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic; the 2020 Swiss Open is the seventh tournament of the 2020 BWF World Tour and part of the Swiss Open championships which have been held since 1955. This tournament is organized by the Swiss Badminton and sanctioned by the BWF; this international tournament will be held at St. Jakobshalle in Switzerland. Below is the point distribution table for each phase of the tournament based on the BWF points system for the BWF World Tour Super 300 event; the total prize money for this tournament is US$150,000. Distribution of prize money is in accordance with BWF regulations. Swiss Badminton awarded Christian Kirchmayr as wildcard. Swiss Badminton awarded Nicolas A. Julien Scheiwiller as wildcard. Swiss Badminton awarded Yann Aline Müller as wildcard.

Tournament Link