Sun Microsystems

Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System, SPARC. Sun contributed to the evolution of several key computing technologies, among them Unix, RISC processors, thin client computing, virtualized computing. Sun was founded on February 24, 1982. At its height, the Sun headquarters were in Santa Clara, California, on the former west campus of the Agnews Developmental Center. On April 20, 2009, it was announced; the deal was completed on January 27, 2010. Sun products included computer servers and workstations built on its own RISC-based SPARC processor architecture, as well as on x86-based AMD Opteron and Intel Xeon processors. Sun developed its own storage systems and a suite of software products, including the Solaris operating system, developer tools, Web infrastructure software, identity management applications. Technologies included the Java platform and NFS.

In general, Sun was a proponent of open systems Unix. It was a major contributor to open-source software, as evidenced by its $1 billion purchase, in 2008, of MySQL, an open-source relational database management system. At various times, Sun had manufacturing facilities in several locations worldwide, including Newark, California. However, by the time the company was acquired by Oracle, it had outsourced most manufacturing responsibilities; the initial design for what became Sun's first Unix workstation, the Sun-1, was conceived by Andy Bechtolsheim when he was a graduate student at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. Bechtolsheim designed the SUN workstation for the Stanford University Network communications project as a personal CAD workstation, it was designed around the Motorola 68000 processor with an advanced memory management unit to support the Unix operating system with virtual memory support. He built the first ones from spare parts obtained from Stanford's Department of Computer Science and Silicon Valley supply houses.

On February 24, 1982, Scott McNealy, Andy Bechtolsheim, Vinod Khosla, all Stanford graduate students, founded Sun Microsystems. Bill Joy of Berkeley, a primary developer of the Berkeley Software Distribution, joined soon after and is counted as one of the original founders; the Sun name is derived from the initials of the Stanford University Network. Sun was profitable from its first quarter in July 1982. By 1983 Sun was known for producing 68k-based systems with high-quality graphics that were the only computers other than DEC's VAX to run 4.2BSD. It licensed the computer design to other manufacturers, which used it to build Multibus-based systems running Unix from UniSoft. Sun's initial public offering was in 1986 for Sun Workstations; the symbol was changed in 2007 to JAVA. Sun's logo, which features four interleaved copies of the word sun in the form of a rotationally symmetric ambigram, was designed by professor Vaughan Pratt of Stanford; the initial version of the logo was orange and had the sides oriented horizontally and vertically, but it was subsequently rotated to stand on one corner and re-colored purple, blue.

In the dot-com bubble, Sun began making much more money, its shares rose dramatically. It began spending much more, hiring workers and building itself out; some of this was because of genuine demand, but much was from web start-up companies anticipating business that would never happen. In 2000, the bubble burst. Sales in Sun's important hardware division went into free-fall as customers closed shop and auctioned high-end servers. Several quarters of steep losses led to executive departures, rounds of layoffs, other cost cutting. In December 2001, the stock fell to the 1998, pre-bubble level of about $100, but it kept falling, faster than many other tech companies. A year it had dipped below $10 but bounced back to $20. In mid-2004, Sun closed their Newark, California and consolidated all manufacturing to Hillsboro and Linlithgow, Scotland. In 2006, the rest of the Newark campus was put on the market. In 2004, Sun canceled two major processor projects which emphasized high instruction-level parallelism and operating frequency.

Instead, the company chose to concentrate on processors optimized for multi-threading and multiprocessing, such as the UltraSPARC T1 processor. The company announced a collaboration with Fujitsu to use the Japanese company's processor chips in mid-range and high-end Sun servers; these servers were announced on April 17, 2007, as the M-Series, part of the SPARC Enterprise series. In February 2005, Sun announced the Sun Grid, a grid computing deployment on which it offered utility computing services priced at US$1 per CPU/hour for processing and per GB/month for storage; this offering built upon an existing 3,000-CPU server farm used for internal R&D for over 10 years, which Sun marketed as being able to achieve 97% utilization. In August 2005, the first commercial use of this grid was announced for financial risk simulations, launched as its first software as a service product. In January 2005, Sun reported a net profit of $19 million for fiscal 2005 second quarter, for the first time in three years.

This was followed by net loss of $9 million on GAAP basis for the third quarter 2005, as reported on April 14, 2005. In January 2007, Su

Francis Adam Goodman

Francis Adam Goodman served the public most of his life as a politician and as a Union Army soldier. He was born March 3, 1827 in Rimbach, Hesse-Darmstadt, the son of Wilhelm and Mary Gutmann, he died 1 February 1898 in Burnips, United States. He was married on March 5, 1852 to Christina Slagel, daughter of Balthasar and Genovefa Schlegel in Marion, to that union were born eleven children. Affidavit of Mary Slagel I have known Christina Slagel Slagel, the above named claimant for fifty-nine years, or since she was a small girl. I lived neighbor to her and Francis Goodman, her husband, before and at the time they were married and know that neither of them were married before their marriage to each other and have lived neighbor to them since that time, except about eight years when they mooved to Michigan, but eight years after they came to Mich. I mooved to Mich. and lived near neighbor since and know they lived together as man and wife until the death of Francis Goodman and know that Christina Goodman has not again married.

I am a sister-in-law to the claimant, having married her brother Tobias Slagel in the year 1848 When Francis & Christina first settled in Allegan Co, two miles west of Bunker Hill, their home had no windows, just one door. Christina hung cloth over the door, but still couldn't sleep because of the howling and noise from all the bears, panthers and wolves. Affidavit of Lewis R. Heasley For the past five years I have lived within a mile and quarter of her present home, a small house and lot near Burnips Corners, it is worth about two hundred and fifty or three hundred dollars, in my judgement the rental value of the property would be from twenty-five to thirty dollars per year, or about ten per cent of its cash value. Goodman served as a private in Company D during the American Civil War, he was honorably discharged 20 June 1865. From Bingham, S. D.. "s.v. Goodman, Francis". Early history of Michigan, with biographies of state officers, members of Congress and legislators: Pub. pursuant to act 59, 1887.

Lansing: Thorp & Godfrey, State Printers and Binders. P. 295. Retrieved 2006-06-24. Representative from Allegan county in 1881-2-3, was born in Hesse Darmstadt, March 3, 1827. Came to Baltimore in 1830, lived in Pennsylvania and in Ohio, where he was educated, he settled in Salem, Allegan county, Mich. in 1855. Has been supervisor nine years, justice four years, held other local offices. Served ten months in the 9th Michigan infantry. In politics a Republican. From "A Twentieth Century History of Allegan County, Michigan" compiled under the editorial supervision of Dr. Henry F. Thomas, Allegan: Francis Goodman served two terms in the state Legislature as Representative beginning in 1881 and 1883, his son, Wm. H. Goodman served two terms and county Treasurer beginning in 1893 and 1895; this prominent and respected resident of Salem Township, Allegan Co. is living retired from the active duties of life on his beautiful farm of one hundred and 20 acres, on section 18. His estate bears all the modern improvements, by a proper rotation of crops, has been brought to a high degree of cultivation.

He has erected the various buildings on his place which best subserve the purpose of a first class agriculturalist, is ranked among the well-to-do citizens of Allegan County. The gentleman whose name heads this sketch is the son of William and Mary E. Goodman, natives of Germany, where our subject was born March 3, 1827. Three years his parents emigrated to America and located in Franklin Co. PA, near the village of Waynesboro. There the father rented a farm for two years, after which he purchased 50 acres of land at the foot of the mountains, which he made his home the succeeding six years, he came west to Richland Co. Ohio, after a residence there of two years, removed to Marion Co. the same state, where he erected a log house, improved his land. Eight years he sold his property and removed to Crestline, Ohio where he remained twelve months and in 1853 came to Allegan Co. Michigan, where he entered a half-section of land from the government, he made that tract of land his home the remainder of his life and died August 18, 1882 ant the age of eighty-three years.

His good wife followed him, a few years to the better land, passing away in 1886 aged eighty four years. The grandfather of Francis Goodman was a native of Alsace-Lorraine, served under Napoleon during his Russian campaign never returning, it is probable. His widow moved over the line into Hesse-Darmstadt, where she reared her only child—our subject's father. Mr. Goodman, of this sketch, was only given limited educational advantages, he aided in the erection of the first store building in Ohio. March 5, 1852 he was married to Christina Slagel, daughter of Balthaster Slagel. Mrs. Goodman was a native of the Fatherland, at the time of the marriage to our subject was residing in Marion Co. Ohio, their union has been blessed by the birth of eleven children: Mary Ann, William H. Elizabeth, David J. Loretta, Caroline S. Katy, Francis A. Savilla, & Joseph W. Mary Ann married Lewis Moomey and makes her home in Salem, Allegan Co..

John Knight (cricketer)

John Mark Knight is an English former cricketer. Knight was born at Oundle in March 1958, he studied at Worcester College, Oxford. While studying at the University of Oxford, he made his debut in first-class cricket for Oxford University against Somerset at Oxford in 1978, he played first-class cricket for Oxford until 1981. He scored a total of 318 runs in these matches, at an average of 9.93 and a high score of 41 not out. With his right-arm fast-medium bowling, he took 32 wickets at a bowling average of 44.50, with best figures of 4 for 69. In addition to playing first-class cricket, Knight played List A one-day for the Combined Universities cricket team, making six appearances in the Benson & Hedges Cup between 1978–81, he scored 77 runs in his six matches, with a high score of 54 not out against Northamptonshire in the 1979 Benson & Hedges Cup. He 2 wickets, though coming at an expensive average of 77.50. He played minor counties cricket for Wiltshire between 1977–82, making eighteen appearances in the Minor Counties Championship.

John Knight at ESPNcricinfo