Sun Valley, Idaho
Sun Valley is a resort city in Blaine County in central Idaho, in the western United States. The resort is adjacent to the city of Ketchum and within the greater Wood River valley, the population was 1,406 at the 2010 census, down from 1,427 in 2000. The elevation of Sun Valley is 5,920 feet above sea level, the area is served by Friedman Memorial Airport in Hailey, approximately 15 miles south. Visitors to Sun Valley are relatively close to the Sawtooth National Recreation Area, accessed over Galena Summit on Highway 75, Bald Mountain, or Baldy, has a summit of 9,150 feet and a vertical drop of 3,400 feet. The treeless Dollar at 6,638 feet has a vertical drop of 628 feet. The term Sun Valley is used generally to speak of the region surrounding the city, including the neighboring city of Ketchum. The region has been a home to the rich and famous since first being brought to public attention by Ernest Hemingway in the late 1930s. The first destination resort in the U. S. was developed by W. Averell Harriman.
The success of the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, a lifelong skier, Harriman determined that America would embrace a destination mountain resort, similar to those he enjoyed in the Swiss Alps, such as St. Moritz and Davos. During the winter of 1935–36, Harriman enlisted the services of an Austrian count, Felix Schaffgotsch, to travel across the western U. S. to locate an ideal site for a winter resort. The Count toured Mount Rainier, Mount Hood, the San Bernardino Mountains, Rocky Mountain National Park, the Wasatch Mountains, Jackson Hole, and Grand Targhee areas. Late in his trip and on the verge of abandoning his search for a location for a mountain resort development. A U. P. employee in Boise had casually mentioned that the spur to Ketchum cost the company more money for snow removal than any other branch line. Harriman visited several weeks and agreed, the 3, 888-acre Brass Ranch was purchased for about $4 per acre and construction commenced that spring, it was built in seven months for $1.5 million.
Pioneering publicist Steve Hannigan, who had successfully promoted Miami Beach, the centerpiece of the new resort was the Sun Valley Lodge, which opened 81 years ago in December 1936. The 220-room, X-shaped lodges exterior was constructed of concrete, poured inside rough-sawn forms, the wood grain was impressed on the concrete finish, which was acid-stained brown to imitate wood. The Swiss-style Sun Valley Inn and village were part of the initial resort. Hannigan wanted swimming pools at the resort, so people wont think skiing is too cold, both the Lodge and the Inn have heated outdoor swimming pools, circular in shape
It Happened in Sun Valley
It Happened in Sun Valley is a 1941 song composed by Harry Warren and with lyrics by Mack Gordon. It was recorded and featured by Glenn Miller and his Orchestra in the movie Sun Valley Serenade, the B side was The Kiss Polka, from the Sun Valley Serenade soundtrack. While the song makes no mention of Christmas in its lyrics, cover versions have been recorded by such artists as André Previn, Jo Stafford, the Randy Van Horne Singers, and Mel Tormé. A version of the song is featured in the 1999 South Park episode Mr. Hankeys Christmas Classics, sung by fictional characters Stan Marsh and Wendy Testaburger. The Glenn Miller RCA Bluebird recording, B-11263-A, with Vocal Refrain by Paula Kelly, Ray Eberle, Tex Beneke, moonlight Serenade, a bio-discography of the Glenn Miller Civilian Band. Glenn Millers Method for Orchestral Arranging, volume 2 of The Swing Era, the Development of Jazz, 1930–1945 /
Edward Cronjager was an American cinematographer, whose career spanned from the silent era through the 1950s. He came from a family of cinematographers, with his father and his work covered over 100 films, and included projects on the small screen towards the end of his career. He filmed in black and white and color mediums, and his work received nominations for seven Academy Awards over the span of three decades, although he never won the statue. Cronjager was born into a family in New York City in 1904. His father and uncle and Jules, were famous cinematographers during the first two decades of the twentieth century and they worked with companies such as Edison and Fox Film Corporation. Before following in his fathers footsteps, Cronjager would work as an assistant machinist, One of Cronjagers first efforts behind the lens was at the age of 19, filming the heavyweight championship bout between Jack Dempsey and Luis Ángel Firpo in 1923. He began his career in the industry in 1925 with the Famous Players-Lasky film corporation.
The Film Daily called his work on the very good. During the next four years he photographed fifteen silent films, of which twelve starred Dix, in addition, in 1927 Cronjager joined the American Society of Cinematographers. By the end of 1928 he was credited with developing several new camera angles, Cronjager was lauded by industry magazines such as Variety for his inventive camera work in 1928s Warming Up, which added realism to the efforts of Dix as a baseball pitcher. In September 1928 Cronjager became involved in a minor controversy, the film industry was becoming unionized, and Cronjager was resistant to joining. When Dix insisted Cronjager photograph his next film, Moran of the Marines, Cronjager joined the union at the request of the studio, averting the threatened union action. Throughout his career, Dix attempted to have Cronjager as the cinematographer on his films and his first sound film, 1929s Nothing But the Truth, starred Dix, and was directed by Victor Schertzinger. His next film in 1929, again directed by Schertzinger and starring Dix, was Redskin, filmed in two-strip technicolor, the film has been part of modern exhibitions about early color cinematography.
The color is used for impact and white represents the world of the white man. In 1930 both Cronjager and Dix moved from Paramount Pictures to RKO Radio Pictures, the following year,1931, he received his first Academy Award nomination, for Cimarron. During production, Cronjager utilized up to 27 cameras at once, in addition, he used over two million feet of film during the production,250,000 of them during the land rush scenes alone, he communicated with his cameramen through army surplus field telephones. The film was nominated for seven Oscars, winning three, Cronjager lost to Floyd Crosbys work on Tabu
The Nicholas Brothers were a team of dancing brothers and Harold, who performed a highly acrobatic technique known as flash dancing. With a high level of artistry and daring innovations, they were considered by many to be the greatest tap dancers of their day. Their performance in the musical number Jumpin Jive featured in the movie Stormy Weather is considered by many to be the most virtuosic dance display of all time, Fayard Antonio Nicholas was born October 20,1914, in Mobile, Alabama. Harold Lloyd Nicholas was born March 17,1921, in Winston-Salem, the Nicholas Brothers grew up in Philadelphia, the sons of college-educated musicians who played in their own band at the old Standard Theater—their mother at the piano and father on drums. The brothers were fascinated by the combination of tap dancing and acrobatics, Fayard often imitated their acrobatics and clowning for the kids in his neighborhood. Neither Fayard nor Harold had any formal dance training, Fayard taught himself how to dance and perform by watching and imitating the professional entertainers on stage.
He taught his siblings, first performing with his sister Dorothy as the Nicholas Kids. Harold idolized his brother and learned by copying his moves. Dorothy opted out of the act, and the Nicholas Kids became known as the Nicholas Brothers, as word spread of their talents, the Nicholas Brothers became famous in Philadelphia. They were first hired for a program, The Horn and Hardart Kiddie Hour, and by other local theatres such as the Standard. When they were performing at the Pearl, the manager of The Lafayette, the brothers moved to Philadelphia in 1926 and gave their first performance at the Standard a few years later. In 1932 they became the act at Harlems Cotton Club. They astonished their mainly white audiences dancing to the jazz tempos of Bugle Call Rag and they performed at the Cotton Club for two years, working with the orchestras of Lucky Millinder, Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington and Jimmy Lunceford. During this time they filmed their first movie short, Pie Pie Blackbird, in 1932, with Eubie Blake, the brothers attributed their success to this unique style of dancing, which was greatly in demand during this time.
The brothers made their Broadway debut in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1936 and appeared in Richard Rodgers and they impressed their choreographer, George Balanchine, who invited them to appear in Babes in Arms. With Balanchines training, they learned many new stunts and their talent led many to assume they were trained ballet dancers. By 1940, they had moved to Hollywood and for several decades alternated between movies, concerts, Broadway and extensive tours of Latin America and Europe. They toured England with a production of Blackbirds, which gave the Nicholas Brothers an opportunity to see, the Nicholas Brothers taught master classes in tap dance as teachers-in-residence at Harvard University and Radcliffe as Ruth Page Visiting Artists
Lynn Bari, born Margaret Schuyler Fisher, was a film actress who specialized in playing sultry, statuesque man-killers in roughly 150 20th Century Fox films from the early 1930s through the 1940s. Bari was born in Roanoke and raised in Lynchburg, moving to Los Angeles, the contracts included a studio option for renewal for as long as seven years. In most of her films, Bari had uncredited parts usually playing receptionists or chorus girls. She struggled to find starring roles in films, but accepted any work she could get, rare leading roles included China Girl, Frisco and The Spiritualist. In B movies, Lynn was usually cast as a villainess, notably Shock, an exception was The Bridge of San Luis Rey. During WWII, according to a survey taken of GIs, Bari was the second-most popular pinup girl after the much better-known Betty Grable and she portrayed the mother of a suicidal teenager in a 1951 drama, On the Loose, plus a number of supporting parts. Baris last film appearance was as the mother of rebellious teenager Patty McCormack in The Young Runaways and her final TV appearances were in episodes of The Girl From U. N. C. L. E.
and The FBI. From July–September 1952, Bari starred in her own comedy, Boss Lady. She portrayed Gwen F. Allen, the top executive of a construction firm. Not the least of her troubles in the role was being able to hire a manager who did not fall in love with her. Commenting on her other roles, Bari once said, I seem to be a woman always with a gun in her purse. I go from one set to the other shooting people and stealing husbands, Bari was the only daughter of John Maynard Fisher, a native of Tennessee, and his wife, Marjorie Halpen of New York. She had a brother, John. Fisher died in 1920, and his widow moved the family to Lynchburg, here Baris mother met and married the Reverend Robert Bizer, a Religious Science minister. Assigned a position with his church in Boston, Bizer moved the family to Massachusetts, Bari recalled other children at school in Boston made life miserable for her brother and her, making constant fun of their obvious Southern accents. She determined to eliminate hers, becoming involved with amateur theatrics, Bari was enthusiastic when at the age of 13 she was told her stepfather had been reassigned to Los Angeles, where he became the head of the Institute of Religious Science.
Her stage name, selected as Lynn Barrie while at school at 14, is a composite of theater actress Lynn Fontanne. After reading a story about the Italian city of Bari, she decided to change the spelling, a staunch Republican, Bari actively supported conservative causes, campaigned for Republican presidential candidates from Hoover to Reagan, and was a regular attendee of GOP national conventions
I Know Why (And So Do You)
I Know Why is a 1941 song by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra. The song appeared in the 20th Century Fox movie Sun Valley Serenade, the song was released as an RCA Bluebird 78 single. The song was written by Mack Gordon and Harry Warren, the song is lip-synched by Lynn Bari in the movie Sun Valley Serenade. Pat Friday sang the vocals with John Payne, the single, RCA Bluebird B-11230-A, reached no.18 on the Billboard pop singles chart in a one-week chart run. The single release featured vocals by Paula Kelly and The Four Modernaires, the B side of the single was Chattanooga Choo Choo. The Glenn Miller recording was featured in the 1990 Warner Bros. movie Memphis Belle, moonlight Serenade, a bio-discography of the Glenn Miller Civilian Band. Glenn Millers Method for Orchestral Arranging, volume 2 of The Swing Era, the Development of Jazz, 1930–1945 /
William B. Davidson
Davidson was an American film actor. Davidson attended Columbia University where he played football and he became a popular football star. This fame eventually led to his foray into motion pictures after he had spent some time as a lawyer and he appeared in 318 films between 1915 and 1949. He was born in Dobbs Ferry, New York, and died in Santa Monica and his first Hollywood film was For the Honor of the Crew. Afterward, he appeared in films, his best-known role was perhaps the Ships captain in The Most Dangerous Game. He remained in business until his sudden death after surgery in 1947. Davidson at the Internet Movie Database
Chattanooga Choo Choo
Chattanooga Choo Choo is a 1941 song written by Mack Gordon and composed by Harry Warren. It was originally recorded as a tune by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra. The song was a production number in the 20th Century Fox film Sun Valley Serenade. The Glenn Miller recording, RCA Bluebird B-11230-B, became the #1 song across the United States on December 7,1941, the flip side of the single was I Know Why, which was the A side. This is followed by the introduction of four lines before the main part of the song is heard. The main song opens with a dialog between a passenger and a boy, Pardon me, boy, is that the Chattanooga Choo-Choo. Boy, you can give me a shine, after the entire song is sung, the band plays two parts of the main melody as an instrumental, with the instruments imitating the WHOO WHOO of the train as the song ends. The 78-rpm was recorded on May 7,1941, for RCA Victors Bluebird label and became the first to be certified a gold disc on February 10,1942, for 1,200,000 sales. The transcription of this ceremony can be heard on the first of three volumes of RCAs Legendary Performer compilations released by RCA in the 1970s.
In the early 1990s a two-channel recording of a portion of the Sun Valley Serenade soundtrack was discovered, the song was written by the team of Mack Gordon and Harry Warren while traveling on the Southern Railways Birmingham Special train. The song tells the story of traveling from New York City to Chattanooga and that train is now a museum artifact. From 1880, most trains bound for Americas South passed through the southeastern Tennessee city of Chattanooga, the most notable reason why the song isnt about any particular train is because of the line, nothing could be finer|than to have your ham and eggs in Carolina. The rails, especially the routes of the early 1900s. Any route from Pennsylvania Station to Chattanooga through Carolina would be disjointed at best, the composition was nominated for an Academy Award in 1941 for Best Song from a movie. The song achieved its success that even though it could not be heard on network radio for much of 1941 due to the ASCAP boycott. In 1996, the 1941 recording of Chattanooga Choo Choo by Glenn Miller, other notable performances include, Cab Calloway and His Orchestra recorded a cover version of Chattanooga Choo Choo for Conqueror Records in 1941.
Carmen Miranda recorded a cover on July 25,1942, bill Haley & His Comets released a cover of Chattanooga Choo Choo as a 45 single on Essex Records in 1954. Pianist Floyd Cramer recorded a version on RCA Records in 1962
John Payne (actor)
Payne was born in Roanoke, Virginia. His mother, Ida Hope, a singer, graduated from the Virginia Seminary in Roanoke and married George Washington Payne and they lived at Fort Lewis, an antebellum mansion that became a state historic property but was destroyed by fire in the late 1940s. Payne attended prep school at Mercersburg Academy in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania and he transferred to Columbia University in New York City in the fall of 1930. He studied drama at Columbia and voice at Juilliard School, to support himself, he took on a variety of odd jobs, including wrestling as Alexei Petroff, the Savage of the Steppes and boxing as Tiger Jack Payne. In 1934, a talent scout for the Shubert theaters spotted Payne, Payne toured with several Shubert Brothers shows, and frequently sang on New York-based radio programs. In 1936, he landed a contract at Samuel Goldwyns studio and his first role in Dodsworth presented him as an affable, handsome character actor. Following this he was the man in the light musical Garden of the Moon.
In these films, he was typically cast as a player in love with the likes of Alice Faye, Betty Grable. A highlight during this period was co-starring with Gene Tierney and Tyrone Power in The Razors Edge, in To the Shores of Tripoli, as the playboy son of a United States Marine Corps World War I veteran, he crosses his Marine Drill Sergeant Randolph Scott. Paynes romantic interest in the film is a Navy nurse lieutenant and this was one of the top films of 1942. During World War II Payne served as a instructor in the United States Army Air Corps. Paynes most familiar role may be his film for Fox. In 1955, he paid a $1, 000-a-month option for nine months on the Ian Fleming James Bond novel Moonraker, dan Blocker, James Coburn, and Don Grady made their first substantive acting forays with Payne on The Restless Gun. On October 31,1957, as The Restless Gun began airing, Payne guest-starred on The Ford Show, in March 1961, Payne suffered extensive, life-threatening injuries when struck by a car in New York City.
In his roles, facial scars from the accident can be detected in close-ups, one of Paynes first public appearances during this period was as a guest panelist on the popular CBS Sunday night game show Whats My Line. In the December 3,1961 episode, regular panelist Dorothy Kilgallen introduced Payne by saying Hes been in the hospital after a bad accident. So its good to see him fit as a fiddle and all in one piece, and regular panelist Bennett Cerf remarked Good to see you here John. Glad to see you beat that car on Madison Avenue that bumped into you, Payne directed one of his last films, They Ran for Their Lives, and again teamed up with Alice Faye in a 1974 revival of the musical Good News
Glenn Miller Orchestra
Glenn Miller and His Orchestra was a swing dance band formed by Glenn Miller in 1938. It was arranged around a clarinet and tenor saxophone playing melody and this arrangement was different from usual and allowed Miller to develop his own style and sound, which made him and his orchestra one of the greatest and well-known of the swing era. By the mid-1930s, Glenn Miller was known as a sideman, originally forming a band around 1935–36, they signed with Brunswick Records, but struggled with financial troubles and the band folded in 1937. But they reformed in 1938, and under new management they got significant radio airplay, the newly reformed band was much better but it took more time for them to get famous. They opened April 16,1938 at Raymor Ballroom in Boston, but they performed more and more and eventually signed with RCA Victor subsidiary label Bluebird Records. On September 7,1938, the first recordings made with the newly reformed band. They were My Reverie, King Porter Stomp and By the Waters of Minnetonka, Miller was not yet famous, and made less than 10 recordings with his band for the rest of that year.
On May 17,1939, they played their first songs of the night, the casino had a radio broadcast antenna and the Miller band was heard around the country. By the end of their season, they had nationwide attention. George T. Simon, the drummer for the unsuccessful first Miller band, had this to say about the Glen Island broadcasts, the bands first semi hit, Little Brown Jug, came out just when it opened at Glen Island. And the clarinet lead in Glenns arrangements was such a romantic sound and it caught the public fancy during this exposure. Miller began ending his broadcasts from Glen Island with his Something Old, but the most important thing for Glenns success was that he recorded In the Mood while he was at the casino. That made him the Michael Jackson of his day, also, at this time, Miller decided to add a trombone and a trumpet, giving the band a fuller sound. Miller was enormously popular and the rest of 1939 only got better, on April 4,1939, Miller and his Orchestra recorded Moonlight Serenade.
Considered as one of the top songs of the swing era and it was soon played as the theme song to start and end all of his radio performances. Millers most famous song In the Mood was recorded August 1,1939, although he was never credited as an arranger, arranged some of the song in the studio. The song, famous for its dueling saxophone solos between Tex Beneke and Al Klink, and often the number to most shows, hit number one on Billboards charts. 1940 was a popular year for Miller and the band with 31 top ten hits
20th Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox. It is one of the Big Six major American film studios and is located in the Century City area of Los Angeles, the studio was formerly owned by News Corporation. 20th Century Fox is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America, in 2015, 20th Century Fox celebrated its 80th anniversary as a studio. Spyros Skouras, manager of the Fox West Coast Theaters, the studios biggest star, Will Rogers, died in a plane crash weeks after the merger. Its leading female star, Janet Gaynor, was fading in popularity and promising leading men James Dunn, at first, it was expected that the new company was originally to be called Fox-20th Century, even though 20th Century was the senior partner in the merger. However, 20th Century brought more to the bargaining table besides Schenck and Zanuck, the new company, 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation, began trading on May 31,1935, the hyphen was dropped in 1985.
Schenck became Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, while Kent remained as President, Zanuck became Vice President in Charge of Production, replacing Foxs longtime production chief Winfield Sheehan. The company established a training school. The contracts included an option for renewal for as long as seven years. For many years, 20th Century Fox claimed to have founded in 1915. For instance, it marked 1945 as its 30th anniversary, however, in recent years it has claimed the 1935 merger as its founding, even though most film historians agree it was founded in 1915. The companys films retained the 20th Century Pictures searchlight logo on their credits as well as its opening fanfare. Also on the Fox payroll he found two players who he built up into the studios leading assets, Alice Faye and seven-year-old Shirley Temple, favoring popular biographies and musicals, Zanuck built Fox back to profitability. Thanks to record attendance during World War II, Fox overtook RKO, while Zanuck went off for eighteen months war service, junior partner William Goetz kept profits high by going for light entertainment.
The studios—indeed the industrys—biggest star was creamy blonde Betty Grable, in 1942, Spyros Skouras succeeded Kent as president of the studio. Together with Zanuck, who returned in 1943, they intended to make Foxs output more serious-minded. During the next few years, with pictures like The Razors Edge, Gentlemans Agreement, The Snake Pit and Pinky, Zanuck established a reputation for provocative, adult films. Fox specialized in adaptations of best-selling books such as Ben Ames Williams Leave Her to Heaven, starring Gene Tierney and they made the 1958 film version of South Pacific
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the United States as the nations busiest immigrant inspection station for over sixty years from 1892 until 1954. The island was expanded with land reclamation between 1892 and 1934. Before that, the smaller original island was the site of Fort Gibson. The island was part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965. Long considered part of New York state, a 1998 United States Supreme Court decision found that most of the island is in New Jersey. The south side of the island, home to the Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital, is closed to the general public and the object of restoration efforts spearheaded by Save Ellis Island. Ellis Island is located in Upper New York Bay, east of Liberty State Park and north of Liberty Island, in Jersey City, New Jersey, with a small section that is part of New York City. Largely created through land reclamation, the island has an area of 27.5 acres. The 2. 74-acre natural island and contiguous areas comprise the 3.3 acres that are part of New York, the entire island has been owned and administered by the U. S.
federal government since 1808 and has been operated by the National Park Service since 1965. Since September 11,2001, the island is guarded by patrols of the United States Park Police Marine Patrol Unit, public access is by ferry from either Communipaw Terminal in Liberty State Park or from Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan. The ferry operator, Hornblower Cruises and Events, service to the nearby Statue of Liberty. A bridge built for transporting materials and personnel during restoration projects connects Ellis Island with Liberty State Park, proposals made in 1995 to use it or replace it with a new bridge for pedestrians were opposed by the city of New York and the private ferry operator at that time. Much of the island, including the south side, has been closed to the general public since 1954. The renovated area on the side was again closed to the public after Hurricane Sandy in October 2012. The island was re-opened to the public and the museum partially re-opened on October 28,2013, there were several islands which were not completely submerged at high tide.
Three of them were given the name Oyster Islands by the settlers of New Netherland, the oyster beds would remain a major source of food for nearly three centuries. During the colonial period Little Oyster Island was known as Dyres, in the 1760s, after some pirates were hanged from one of the islands scrubby trees, it became known as Gibbet Island. It was acquired by Samuel Ellis, a colonial New Yorker and merchant possibly from Wales, in 1785 he unsuccessfully attempted to sell the island, TO BE SOLD By Samuel Ellis, no