2002 Formula One World Championship
The 2002 FIA Formula One World Championship was the 56th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 2002 FIA Formula One World Championship, which commenced on 3 March and ended on 13 October after seventeen races; the Drivers' Championship became a battle for second place as Michael Schumacher finished first or second in every race except for the Malaysian Grand Prix, where he finished third, thus achieving a podium position in every race. He won a then-record 11 Grands Prix, surpassing the previous record of 9 wins, jointly held by himself and Nigel Mansell, he would set the record for shortest time in which the World Drivers' Championship had been clinched, securing the title with a win at the French Grand Prix, with 6 races to go in the season. Schumacher took the Drivers' Championship by a then-record 67 point margin over teammate Rubens Barrichello, beating his own previous record for the 2001 season and gained a new point total record with 144 points. Schumacher and Barrichello helped Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro secure the Constructors' Championship with a points total that equalled the combined sum of points attained by all other constructors collectively.
For the 2003 championship, the FIA would change the points system. The following teams and drivers competed in the 2002 FIA Formula One World Championship. † All engines were V10 configuration. The Prost team was placed into receivership in November 2001, was liquidated by the receivers in January 2002; this ended the long history of the team which had competed as Ligier from 1976 to 1996 and as Prost Grand Prix from the following year. The absence of Prost meant that the car numbers 19 were left unoccupied for the season. Phoenix Finance bought the remains of Prost Grand Prix and attempted to enter Formula One starting at the Malaysian Grand Prix with former Minardi drivers Gastón Mazzacane and Tarso Marques. However, their entry was rejected by the FIA for not purchasing all of the Prost team, they still attempted to race at Malaysia, but race officials prevented them from competing in the event with a court appeal. Japanese auto maker Toyota entered the championship after much development work in 2001.
The Benetton team had been sold to Renault in 2000, was renamed Renault F1 for 2002. The team did not change apart from the name, as Benetton had been running a car with Renault components since 1995. Asiatech, who had supplied engines to Arrows in 2001, switched their supply to Minardi for 2002; this replaced Minardi's Cosworth engines from the previous season. Completing what was a straight swap, Arrows signed a deal with Cosworth to use their engines for 2002; the Arrows team suffered financial collapse after the German Grand Prix, did not take part in any of the remaining races. An attempt to register for the 2003 season was rejected by the FIA; the 2002 season featured several driver line-up changes before the season and more changes during the season proper. With three races left to go in the 2001 season, Mika Häkkinen announced that he was not intending to drive in F1 in 2002. Denying any claim of retirement, he stated that he needed a sabbatical and would return to McLaren at a time. Häkkinen officially left McLaren and retired from F1 in 2002 returning to racing in DTM in 2005, despite being linked with the Williams team for a Formula One comeback.
Häkkinen's seat at McLaren was taken by his fellow Finn Kimi Räikkönen, after he was released by Sauber. Räikkönen was replaced at Sauber by the 2001 Euro Formula 3000 champion Felipe Massa. Midway through 2001, Giancarlo Fisichella announced his intention to leave Benetton after 2001 to drive for Jordan. Benetton, renamed as Renault, replaced Fisichella with Jordan driver Jarno Trulli, meaning that Fisichella and Trulli had swapped seats at the two teams. Jordan completed an all-new lineup for 2002 with BAR test driver Takuma Sato, whose position in the large test driver pool at BAR was taken by compatriot Ryo Fukuda. Jean Alesi, who had driven for Jordan at the end of the 2001 season, did not pursue an F1 drive for 2002 and instead signed up a drive with Mercedes in the DTM series. Ricardo Zonta, realising that he had no future at Jordan, left his reserve seat there to drive in the Telefonica World Series returning to F1 in 2003 as a test driver for Toyota. Heinz-Harald Frentzen, without a drive after the collapse of Prost, joined the Arrows team for 2002.
This was his third different team within two seasons, after having been dumped by Jordan mid-season in 2001 and subsequently joining Prost until that team's collapse. Despite being under contract for another season, Jos Verstappen lost his Arrows seat to Frentzen, the Dutchman was unable to secure a drive at another team, he resurfaced at Minardi in 2003. Fernando Alonso left Minardi after an impressive 2001 campaign, signed on with Renault as a test driver. Alonso's seat was taken over by Benetton test driver, International Formula 3000 series runner-up, Mark Webber. For their first season in Formula One, Toyota employed Mika Salo and debutant Allan McNish, who had driven a Toyota GT-One at Le Mans. Luciano Burti, who had driven for both Jaguar and Prost in 2001, left the struggling Prost team before their collapse in order to join Luca Badoer in a test role at Ferrari. Tomáš Enge, who had filled in for the injured Burti at Prost in 2001, was dropped by the team at the end of the 2001 season for financial reasons, he returned to International Formula 3000 for 2002.
Antônio Pizzonia was signed to become a Williams test driver alongside Marc Gené. Pizzonia had been driving a Williams sponsored car in the International F3000 series in 2001, h
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
2006 Formula One World Championship
The 2006 FIA Formula One World Championship was the 60th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 57th FIA Formula One World Championship which began on 12 March and ended on 22 October after eighteen races; the Drivers' Championship was won by Fernando Alonso of Renault for the second year in a row, with Alonso becoming the youngest double world champion at the time. Then-retiring multiple world champion Michael Schumacher of Scuderia Ferrari finished runner-up, 13 points behind; the Constructors' Championship was won by Renault. The season was highlighted by the rivalry between Schumacher, who each won seven races. Renault and Ferrari drivers dominated the field, victorious in all but one race, the four second-place finishes not achieved by these two teams were accomplished by McLaren. During this season for the first time since the 1956 season no British constructor won any race and like 1956, only factory teams won all the races during this year; this season marked the beginning of the usage of 2.4L V8 engines in Formula One from the 3.0L V10 engines that were used in the previous seasons, which continued till the end of the 2013 season.
The season saw several changes occurring in the drivers' market starting in December 2005 as Alonso sealed a move to McLaren for 2007. In September, Schumacher announced his retirement from Formula One at the end of the season, with 2003 and 2005 championship runner-up Kimi Räikkönen being announced as his replacement at Ferrari. Among other notable departures included Juan Pablo Montoya, who left McLaren mid-season to pursue a career in NASCAR; the following teams and drivers competed in the 2006 FIA Formula One World Championship. Four prominent names in the sport disappeared for this season, with Minardi, Sauber, BAR and Jordan withdrawing, one new team, Super Aguri entered at the last moment. Minardi were taken over by Red Bull, named after the Italian for Red Bull, becoming Toro Rosso; the Sauber name remained, although as a sentiment, as BMW owned 80% of the team to Peter Sauber's 20%. Jordan became MF1 Racing, as Midland started afresh after a disappointing first season under the Jordan name.
Late in the season, the team was bought by Spyker. Honda, who owned a 45% stake in the BAR team, completed their takeover of the team and changed its name to Honda Racing F1 Team at the start of the season. Super Aguri F1 entered their first season after having problems entering, they received backing from Honda including technology and engines, due to them running Honda driver Takuma Sato. Williams introduced numerous changes for 2006 changing to Cosworth V8 engines after they and BMW split. Red Bull Racing had Ferrari engines, replacing the Cosworth power which gained them seventh in the standings in 2005. Williams and Toyota changed tyre suppliers to Bridgestone, due to Michelin's desire to supply fewer teams in the championship. Despite this Toro Rosso who under the Minardi name ran Bridgestone tyres switched to Michelin in line with parent team RBR. Ferrari replaced Michael Schumacher's longtime teammate Rubens Barrichello with fellow Brazilian Felipe Massa, who moved from Sauber. Massa had tested with Ferrari in 2003.
Massa was replaced at the newly renamed BMW Sauber team by Nick Heidfeld, who had driven for BMW's previous partners Williams for much of 2005. Poland's Robert Kubica took up the third driver's role at BMW Sauber. Barrichello moved to Honda; the Honda-backed Super Aguri team started the season with Sato and Yuji Ide, an all-Japanese driver line up. Franck Montagny moved from his Renault testing role to become Super Aguri's third driver, his position at Renault was taken by the GP2 runner-up Heikki Kovalainen. Williams promoted test driver Nico Rosberg, who had won the inaugural GP2 drivers' title, to their second seat alongside Mark Webber. Alexander Wurz, one of McLaren's test drivers from 2005, joined Williams as a third driver, alongside India's Narain Karthikeyan, who had raced for Jordan the previous season. Gary Paffett was promoted to a permanent testing role at McLaren alongside Pedro de la Rosa. Karthikeyan's seat at Jordan, now renamed as MF1, was taken by the 2005 Minardi driver Christijan Albers.
MF1 decided to employ a rotation system for their third driver position. Minardi's other driver, Robert Doornbos, took up a test driving role at Red Bull. Vitantonio Liuzzi, who had shared Red Bull's second seat with Christian Klien in 2005, moved to Red Bull's newly acquired sister team Toro Rosso—previously Minardi—where he partnered his fellow Red Bull-backed driver Scott Speed; the Swiss driver Neel Jani became Toro Rosso's third driver. Mid-season changesAfter the San Marino Grand Prix Super Aguri's Yuji Ide had his superlicence revoked by the FIA and could no longer race in Formula One, he was replaced by the team's reserve driver Franck Montagny for the next race. Super Aguri hired Sakon Yamamoto, one of Jordan's test drivers from 2005, to be their third driver from the British Grand Prix onwards, in place of the promoted Montagny. Yamamoto and Montagny switched places from the German Grand Prix onwards. After the United States Grand Prix Juan Pablo Montoya announced he was moving to NASCAR for the 2007 season and leaving McLaren.
The next day McLaren announced that Montoya would be replaced in their driver line up by test driver Pedro de la Rosa, ending Montoya's five and a half-year F1 career since 2001. Robert Kubica was promoted to a race seat by BMW Sauber at the Hungarian Grand Prix, replacing 1997 World Champion Jacques Villeneuve due to Villeneuve's injuries after a heavy crash in the German Grand Prix. On the day after the Hungarian GP, BMW Sauber announced that Villeneuve had left the team with immediate
Takuma Sato is a Japanese professional racing driver. Sato has raced full-time in the IndyCar Series since 2010 for the KV, Foyt and starting in 2018, once again, the Rahal teams. Sato won the 2013 Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach, becoming the first Japanese driver to win an IndyCar race, he is the first Asian driver to win the Indianapolis 500, having won the 2017 event. He competed in Formula One from 2002 to 2008 for the Jordan, BAR and Super Aguri teams, scoring a single podium at the 2004 United States Grand Prix. In 2002 Sato graduated to Formula One with the Honda-powered Jordan team, was paired with Giancarlo Fisichella, his low point was a tremendous crash in Austria, caused when Nick Heidfeld lost control of his Sauber under braking and hit the side of Sato's car, punching a hole in the side of the cockpit. Throughout he showed flashes of speed but wild driving the team's faith in Sato was repaid by a fine drive to fifth at his home Grand Prix in Suzuka. With Honda's focus shifting to British American Racing for 2003 Sato joined the Brackley-based outfit as a test driver.
For the final round in Japan Sato replaced Jacques Villeneuve and scored the second points finish of his career with sixth, despite a collision with Michael Schumacher. He was signed to race full-time in 2004, his season was blighted by numerous engine failures, suffering no less than six. In spite of this Sato's aggressive driving style paid dividends at the United States Grand Prix, after the team did not pit under safety car conditions Sato fought back with some daring overtaking moves to score his first podium finish, the first for a Japanese driver since Aguri Suzuki at the 1990 Japanese Grand Prix, he finished eighth in the championship with 34 points and helped the team to second in the Constructors' championship. Sato was retained by BAR-Honda for the 2005 season, but the 2005 car was not as close to the front of the pack as the previous year's design. Sato missed the Malaysian Grand Prix with illness, both drivers were disqualified from the San Marino Grand Prix and the entire team banned from the two subsequent races for using cars which were underweight when all fuel was removed.
The Court did not find. Sato's season never recovered from that point, after a crash-strewn season which included being disqualified from the Japanese Grand Prix for an overly-ambitious move on Jarno Trulli, Sato was not re-signed for 2006, despite Honda taking full control of the team. Sato joined the new Super Aguri F1 team for 2006, run by former Japanese driver Aguri Suzuki; the new outfit was in effect a Honda B-team but ran the first half of the season with a modified version of a 2002 Arrows A23 chassis. Sato's reputation improved thanks to his professional attitude and competitive spirit; the team introduced a new car, the SA06 at the German Grand Prix and by the end of the season Sato was outpacing the Midland cars. At the season finale in Brazil Sato finished tenth just two places short of a points finish and comfortably ahead of both Toro Rossos and the Spyker MF1s. For 2007, Super Aguri ran a reworked version of the previous year's Honda RA106 chassis, their performance improved drastically.
He scored the first point for the team at the Spanish Grand Prix. At the Canadian Grand Prix, Sato finished sixth after having a race that had seen him move from the middle of the grid to a high of fifth, passing Ferrari's Kimi Räikkönen before a pit-stop error dropped him back to eleventh, he moved up five places in the last 15 laps, passing Toyota's Ralf Schumacher and on lap 67 the McLaren-Mercedes of world champion Fernando Alonso. Financial problems began to affect the team in the off-season winter break and the Japanese squad only just made it to the opening round of the 2008 season in Australia; the team used a modified Honda RA107 chassis, launched just before the first Friday Practice session that weekend. The car was just as uncompetitive as the Honda had been in 2007 and the team withdrew from Formula One after the Spanish Grand Prix. In late 2008, Sato took part in tests at Jerez with Scuderia Toro Rosso, to become a candidate to fill the seat vacated by Sebastian Vettel, he was competing against former Toro Rosso driver Sébastien Bourdais and Red Bull Racing test and reserve driver Sébastien Buemi for one of the two race seats.
He first drove on 18 September, more than four months since Super Aguri's withdrawal, tested for the team again for two days in November, setting the fastest time on the 17th, 3 tenths ahead of Buemi, proceeded by setting the second-fastest time on the 18th. Bourdais won the race seat and in March 2009 it was announced that Sato would not be the reserve driver for the Red Bull team. Sato visited the Indianapolis 500 in May 2009, he signed with KV Racing Technology to drive in the 2010 IndyCar Series season finishing in 21st place, he signed for the same team for 2011. At the 2012 Indianapolis 500, driving for Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing, Sato chased Dario Franchitti to the finish making a move for the lead and the race win at the first turn of the last lap. While not successful, Sato was respected by Indianapolis 500 fans for "going for it" on the last lap. For 2013, Sato joined A. J. Foyt's team. In the third race of the season at Long Beach, Sato scored his first IndyCar win, in his 52nd start in the series, making him the first Japanese driver to win an IndyCar race.
Sato joined Andretti Autosport for the 2017 season. He went on to become the first Japanese driver and first non Caucasian driver to win the Indianapolis 500. After the 500 win, he went
Arrows Grand Prix International
Arrows Grand Prix International was a British Formula One team active from 1978 to 2002. It was known as Footwork from 1991 to 1996; the Arrows Grand Prix International team was founded in Milton Keynes, England in 1977, by Italian businessman Franco Ambrosio, Alan Rees, Jackie Oliver, Dave Wass and Tony Southgate when they left the Shadow team. Arrows ran a copy of the Shadow DN9, with the initials of the team's first sponsor, Franco Ambrosio, used in naming the car, the Arrows FA1. However, Ambrosio left the team in early 1978 when jailed in Italy for financial irregularities and main sponsor became Warsteiner. Shadow sued for copyright infringement, the London High Courts ruled that the FA1 was a direct copy of the Shadow DN9. Arrows designed a brand new car, the Arrows A1, in 52 days, it was shown the day after the High Court of Justice in London upheld Shadow's claim and banned the team from racing the FA1. For the team's first season Gunnar Nilsson and Riccardo Patrese were signed as drivers.
Ill health prevented Nilsson from driving for the team and he was replaced by Rolf Stommelen for the team's second race, the South African Grand Prix. Nilsson died of cancer in 1978. Patrese scored points in the US West Grand Prix at Long Beach. In September 1978, in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza, Patrese was involved in an accident which claimed the life of Ronnie Peterson. Patrese was wrongly accused of causing the accident and subsequently banned from racing at the following event by his fellow drivers; the 1979 Monaco GP could have been the highlight of Arrows' early years, when Jochen Mass' Arrows A1 moved into third place during the race and looked to be closing in on the leaders. However, brake issues dropped him down to sixth position by the chequered flag. In 1981, Patrese scored the team's only Formula One pole position in Long Beach, which he led until retiring with mechanical problems on lap 33 of 80. Arrows finished joint eighth in the Constructors' Championship that year. In 1984 with BMW M12 turbo engines and sponsorship from cigarette brand Barclay things got much better.
That year they were ninth in the Constructors' Championship and eighth in 1985. At the 1985 San Marino Grand Prix, Thierry Boutsen finished third behind Alain Prost and Elio de Angelis. However, after the race, Prost was disqualified because his car was 2 kg underweight, giving Boutsen the second place. In 1987, BMW pulled out of Formula One and the engines were badged Megatron through a deal with Arrows major sponsor USF&G, but the British team had their best seasons yet, finishing sixth in 1987 and fifth in 1988 thanks to frequent points finishes by drivers Eddie Cheever and Derek Warwick. While 1987 and 1988 were Arrows' best years in F1, they were the cause of frustration for the team and its drivers Warwick and Cheever. At the start of 1987 the sports ruling body mandated that all turbo powered cars were to use a pop-off valve in order to restrict turbo boost; this was done not only to slow the cars down for safety reasons, but it was an effort to curb the rising costs of Formula One. The problem for Arrows was that the valve would cut in lower than the set limit.
This meant. It took the team's chief mechanic Heini Mader until just before the 1988 Italian Grand Prix at Monza to find the solution, moving the valve closer to the engine, something Honda and Ferrari engineers had long before discovered. Although Cheever and Warwick finished the race in 3rd and 4th it was too little too late as the turbo era ended after the 1988 season. Warwick and Cheever stayed with the team for 1989 and drove the Ross Brawn designed Arrows A11, powered by the Ford DFR V8 engine; the team's best finish came at the United States Grand Prix in Cheever's home town of Phoenix. There, the American scored his final podium finish by finishing third. However, Cheever struggled in the A11 and he failed to qualify at the British and Italian Grands Prix. Warwick's perennial bad luck continued: a long pit stop during the opening race in Brazil cost him what many believed would have been his first win, while at Round 6 in the wet Canadian Grand Prix, Warwick led, was in second place when his Ford V8 blew.
He had been faster than those behind him, could have won when race leader Ayrton Senna blew the Honda engine in his McLaren with only two laps remaining. After finishing fifth in 1988, Arrows dropped to seventh in 1989. Japanese businessman Wataru Ohashi invested in Arrows in 1990 and the cars started displaying the Footwork logo prominently; the team was renamed Footwork in 1991, secured a deal to race with Porsche engines, but the car was woefully noncompetitive and in 1992 they switched to a Ford V8, to Mugen engines. Arrows retained the Footwork name until Ito pulled out before the 1996 season, whereupon the name of the team was changed back to Arrows. Jackie Oliver had retained control throughout the entire period. In March 1996, Tom Walkinshaw bought the team, in September Walkinshaw signed up World Champion Damon Hill and hired wealthy Brazilian Pedro Diniz to help pay for Hill's salary; the team nearly secured a maiden victory at the 1997 Hungarian Grand Prix, where Hill started in third position and passed Michael Schumacher to take first place.
A component fa
2008 Formula One World Championship
The 2008 FIA Formula One World Championship was the 62nd season of Formula One motor racing, recognised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile – the governing body of motorsport – as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. It featured the 2008 Formula One World Championship; the season was contested over eighteen rounds, which started in Australia on 16 March and ended in Brazil on 2 November. The 2008 season saw the debut of the Singapore Grand Prix, held at the Marina Bay Street Circuit, in Marina Bay and was the first Formula One race held at night; the European Grand Prix moved to a new venue at the Valencia Street Circuit, in Valencia, Spain Lewis Hamilton won the Drivers' title by a point – by overtaking Toyota's Timo Glock on the final corner of the final lap of the final Grand Prix of the season to claim the required 5th-place finish – from Brazilian Felipe Massa while Massa's teammate, the 2007 world champion, Kimi Räikkönen was ranked third, with two wins.
Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro won the Constructors' title. In winning the title, Hamilton became the youngest driver to win the title and the first black driver to do so, he was the first British champion since Damon Hill in 1996. Eleven teams competed in the championship, although Super Aguri withdrew on 6 May from the 2008 Formula One season due to financial troubles, completing four races. New technical rules for 2008 included the banning of traction control after it was re-introduced in 2001. Fernando Alonso won the first race held in Singapore; when Piquet admitted this to the press in 2009 Renault team-principal Briatore resigned. Some journalists dubbed this "Crashgate"; this was the last season for the Honda team before they pulled out of F1 in December due to the global economic crisis. Ross Brawn bought the team and renamed it to Brawn GP in February 2009 using the Mercedes-Benz engines; this was the last Formula One season to race with grooved tyres, used since 1998, before slick tyres returned to Formula One in 2009.
It was the first time in the history of Formula One that all teams used the same two drivers throughout the season and it was the first time that all the race cars drove without traction control since the beginning of 2001. There was a total of seven teams signed up to compete in the championship through an agreement with Formula One Management, with the other four major manufacturers in the Grand Prix Manufacturers' Association having signed a Memorandum of Understanding at the 2006 Spanish Grand Prix. All teams in both groups have two spots each on the 2008 grid; the following teams and drivers competed in the 2008 FIA Formula One World Championship: Teams competed with tyres supplied by Bridgestone. † All engines were 2.4-litre V8 configuration. On 14 February 2006 the FIA president Max Mosley announced that all teams interested in competing in the 2008 World Championship would have a seven-day window during which they would have to submit an application to compete. All eleven current teams applied, as well as several others.
On 28 April 2006 the FIA announced that all of the current teams' applications for the 2008 season were granted, along with a new team Prodrive, fronted by the ex-BAR and -Benetton principal David Richards. There were 21 applications in total, several new teams applying included European Minardi F1 Team Ltd, Jordan Grand Prix and Carlin Motorsport. However, despite the Prodrive application being accepted, Richards announced that the team would not race in 2008 due to a dispute over the legality of customer cars. Rumours about the possible sale of the Spyker team had been abundant in the paddock throughout the last few months of the 2007 season. Only a year after Spyker bought the team from Midland, Indian businessman Vijay Mallya bought the team for €88 million, several million more than Spyker paid. On 24 October 2007, Mallya was granted permission to change the team's name to Force India. Force India had a driver announcement ceremony in January 2008 where it was revealed that Sutil would be second driver partnered by first driver Giancarlo Fisichella and test driver Vitantonio Liuzzi.
On 28 April 2006, rallying and motorsports technology firm Prodrive were granted entry to Formula One when the FIA announced the list of entrants to the 2008 Formula One World Championship. While a total of 21 teams applied for entry, the FIA had always maintained that only 12 teams would be granted entry, meaning only one new team would line up on the grid in 2008. FIA president Max Mosley revealed. Prodrive's chief executive, David Richards, has experience as a Formula One team principal". However, on 23 November 2007, after lengthy negotiations between FIA president Max Mosley regarding customer cars, Richards announced that Prodrive F1 would not compete in the 2008 Formula One World Championship, as the legal situation left no time for the team to be set up. During the 2008 season on 6 May, the Super Aguri team withdrew from Formula One; the team was in dire financial straits at the end of 2007 as the team did not receive a payment on a sponsorship deal. Super Aguri rejected a buyout offer in January 2008 from an Indian consortium led by the CEO of the Spice Group, on the condition Indian driver Narain Karthikeyan drove in the line-up, because it meant demoting or cutting one of the team's 2007 drivers.
Despite this Super Aguri were unable to sign any contracts until agreements had been reached with their sponsors. Sato and Davidson were confirmed on 10 March. Super Aguri announced that a major deal had be
Aguri Suzuki is a Japanese former racing driver. He participated in 88 Formula One Grands Prix, his most notable achievement in racing was 3rd place at the 1990 Japanese Grand Prix. Suzuki became involved in team ownership, with interests firstly in the Japanese Formula Nippon Championship and the IRL in partnership with Mexican racer Adrian Fernandez. Most notably however, he was the owner of the Super Aguri F1 team, which participated in Formula One from 2006 to 2008, he went on to form Team Aguri, which raced in Formula E from 2014 to 2016. Suzuki began racing karts in 1972, at the age of 12. In 1978 he won the Japanese kart championship and in 1979 made his debut in the Japanese Formula Three championship, he continued in karting and in 1981 was again Japanese Kart Champion. In 1983 he finished second in the All-Japan F3 series, he turned to touring car racing and, driving for the Nissan factory team won the Japanese title in 1986. The same year he drove in the Le Mans 24 Hours. In 1987 he finished runner-up in the Japanese F3000 series.
In 1988, driving a March-Yamaha he won the title with three wins. In 1988, Suzuki raced in European F3000 with Footwork, before he debuted in Formula One on October 30 at his home race, replacing the ill Yannick Dalmas in the Larrousse-Lola. Zakspeed, who were using Yamaha engines, hired Suzuki for 1989, when he gained the unenviable record of failing to pre-qualify in all 16 races. For 1990 and 1991, he drove again for Larrousse. Three sixth-places were dwarfed by 3rd place at Suzuka – the first podium for an Asian driver in F1 – which turned him into a local hero, he set the second fastest lap, observers began to think about a Japanese contender in the series. The 1990 season would prove the pinnacle of Suzuki's racing career. In 1992 and 1993, he was at Footwork alongside Michele Alboreto and Derek Warwick, but both outperformed him, he shared a Ligier with Martin Brundle in 1995, but only scored one point in his races, was criticised by Mika Salo after the two collided in Buenos Aires. Suzuka had been inextricably linked to Suzuki's F1 career and irony played its part in ensuring, where it ended.
A massive crash in practice caused a neck injury which saw him miss the race, he announced his retirement. In F1, Suzuki scored a total of eight championship points. At the time he retired, he was the second most successful Japanese driver in F1 after Satoru Nakajima, but Takuma Sato and Kamui Kobayashi has since passed them both, he moved on to JGTC and remained involved in Japanese driver development. In 2000, with long term sponsor Autobacs, he would run the ARTA who despite winning the GT300 title in 2002, would expand to DTM a season and launched Super Aguri Fernandez Racing with Adrian Fernandez, running cars in the IRL. Aguri still competes in both categories in Super GT, with team director/former driver Keiichi Tsuchiya managing the GT300 class, running the ASL Garaiya, a car his main sponsor helped to fund and develop, they race a Honda NSX-GT in the GT500 class, as well as a BMW M6 GT3 in the GT300 class. From 2006 Suzuki ran the Super Aguri F1 Formula One team with the backing of Honda.
He managed to put together his new team in just four and half months from his initial announcement on 1 November 2005. The team overcame the hurdle of its initial entry being rejected by the FIA after not securing financial guarantees before the entry deadline, their acceptance was not formally confirmed until 26 January 2006; the team made its debut at the Bahrain Grand Prix on 12 March 2006. On 6 May 2008, after competing in the opening four races of the season, the team withdrew from Formula One due to financial problems. Suzuki's helmet is white with a red line with black sides surrounding the top, a red and black line going from the Rear down the chin and a black circle on the top. Super Aguri Autobacs Racing Team Aguri Super Aguri F1 Official Site Driver profile Suzuki's short biography An article of Suzuki in French Suzuki featured at itv-f1.com Aguri Suzuki's profile and statistics at Formula One DataBase 2005 Super GT GT500 profile 2005 Super GT GT300 profile