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Super Bowl XXV

Super Bowl XXV was an American football game between the American Football Conference champion Buffalo Bills and the National Football Conference champion New York Giants to decide the National Football League champion for the 1990 season. The Giants defeated the Bills by the score of 20–19, winning their second Super Bowl; the game was held at Tampa Stadium in Tampa, Florida, on January 27, 1991, during the time of the Gulf War. A memorable performance of "The Star-Spangled Banner" by Whitney Houston preceded the game; the American Broadcasting Company, who broadcast the game in the U. S. did not air the halftime show live. Instead, the network televised a special ABC News report anchored by Peter Jennings on the progress of the war before airing the halftime show on tape delay after the game; the Bills and their explosive no-huddle offense were making their first Super Bowl appearance after finishing the regular season with a 13–3 record, leading the league in total points scored with 428. In advancing to their second Super Bowl, the Giants posted a 13–3 regular-season record, but with a ball-control offense and a defense that allowed a league-low 211 points.

Super Bowl XXV became the first Super Bowl to feature two teams representing the same state though the Giants technically play in New Jersey. The game is known for Bills placekicker Scott Norwood's last-second missed field goal attempt that went wide right of the uprights, starting a four-game losing streak in the Super Bowl for the Bills; the game became the only Super Bowl decided by one point and the first Super Bowl in which neither team committed a turnover. The Giants set a Super Bowl record-holding possession of the ball for 33 seconds; the Giants overcame a 12–3 second-quarter deficit and made a 75-yard touchdown drive that consumed a Super Bowl-record 9:29 off the clock. Giants running back Ottis Anderson, who carried the ball 21 times for 102 yards and one touchdown, was named Super Bowl MVP, he was the first awardee to receive the newly named "Pete Rozelle Trophy". Anderson recorded one reception for seven yards; the NFL in its 100 Greatest Games series named it number 10 NFL owners voted to award Super Bowl XXV to Tampa during a May 20, 1987 meeting held at Coronado, California.

It was the second time. The Bills and the Giants entered the game using contrasting styles: While the Bills led the league in total points scored, the Giants led the league in fewest points allowed; the teams had met earlier in the season as well. On December 15, in another nationally televised game, the Bills completed a season sweep at Giants Stadium, beating the Giants 17–13, a game, close, but would prove to be not as close as this one; the 1990 New York Giants were built to head coach Bill Parcells's specifications of "power football": a defense and an offense meant to sustain long drives. The Giants' defense ranked second in the league in fewest total yards allowed and first in fewest points allowed, boasted three Pro Bowl selections: defensive tackle Erik Howard, linebackers Pepper Johnson and Lawrence Taylor; the secondary was led by defensive back Everson Walls, an offseason acquisition from the Dallas Cowboys, who recorded six interceptions, safety Greg Jackson, who recorded five interceptions and four sacks.

The Giants' offense was unspectacular, ranking just 17th in the league in yards gained and 13th in points scored. Despite that, they wore down opposing teams' defenses with long drives, thus keeping their opponents' offense on the sidelines and preventing them from scoring. More the Giants set an NFL record by losing only 14 turnovers in a 16-game regular season. A big reason for the team's offensive success was the blocking of linemen Bart Oates and William Roberts, the only Pro Bowlers on the offense. Ottis Anderson was the team's leading rusher with 784 yards and 11 touchdowns, while catching 18 passes for 139 yards. Kick returner Dave Meggett led the NFL in punt return yards, while gaining 492 yards on kickoff returns, rushing for 164 yards, catching 39 passes for 410 yards. New York began the regular season by winning their first ten games, went into a tailspin and lost three of their next four. One week after losing to division rival Philadelphia Eagles, 31–13, the 10–1 Giants met defeat on Monday Night Football in a 7–3 defensive battle with the 10–1 San Francisco 49ers, who had won the previous two Super Bowls and finished the regular season with an NFL best 14–2 record.

In their 17–13 loss to the Bills, New York suffered a setback when starting quarterback Phil Simms, who had thrown for 2,284 yards and 15 touchdowns with only four interceptions during the year, went down for the season with a broken bone in his foot. Simms's replacement, Jeff Hostetler, had started only two games in his seven years as a backup with the Giants. However, Hostetler displayed polished passing and scrambling ability in his limited playing time during the season, threw only one interception and committed no fumbles. With Hostetler at the helm, the Giants responded by winning their final two games to finish the regular season 13–3, good enough to win the NFC East and earn the second seed in the NFC playoffs; the Bills had a talented team with nine Pro Bowl selections on their roster. Their defense was led by defensive end Bruce Smith, who recorded 19 sacks, forced four fumbles, won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award. Behind him, three of the Bills' starting linebackers, Darryl Talley, Shane Conlan, Cornelius Bennett, were selected to the Pro Bow

I Saw Her Standing There

"I Saw Her Standing There" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles credited to Paul McCartney and John Lennon, but written by McCartney. It is the opening. In December 1963, Capitol Records released the song in the United States as the B-side on the label's first single by the Beatles, "I Want to Hold Your Hand". While the A-side topped the US Billboard chart for seven weeks starting 1 February 1964, "I Saw Her Standing There" entered the Billboard Hot 100 on 8 February 1964, remaining there for 11 weeks, peaking at No. 14. The song placed on the Cashbox chart for only one week at No. 100 on the same week of its Billboard debut. In 2004, "I Saw Her Standing There" was ranked No. 139 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Titled "Seventeen", the song was conceived by McCartney when driving home from a Beatles' concert in Southport, Lancashire as a modern take on the traditional song "As I Roved Out", a version of "Seventeen Come Sunday" that he had heard in Liverpool in 1960.

According to Beatles biographer Mark Lewisohn, McCartney first worked out the chords and arrangement on an acoustic guitar at the family home of his Liverpool friend and fellow musician Rory Storm on the evening of the 22 October 1962. Two days McCartney was writing lines for the song during a visit to London with his then-girlfriend Celia Mortimer, seventeen at the time herself; the song was completed about a month at McCartney's Forthlin Road home in collaboration with Lennon and performed as part of their set in December 1962 in the Star Club in Hamburg. McCartney described in Beat Instrumental how he went about the song's composition: "Here’s one example of a bit I pinched from someone: I used the bass riff from'Talkin’ About You' by Chuck Berry in'I Saw Her Standing There'. I played the same notes as he did and it fitted our number perfectly. Now, when I tell people, I find few of them believe me. Berry's "I'm Talking About You" was performed by The Beatles and the song appears on their album Live! at the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany.

The lyrics were written in a Liverpool Institute exercise book. Remember:The Recollections and Photographs of the Beatles, a book by McCartney's brother Mike McCartney, includes a photograph taken in the front room of his home of Lennon and McCartney writing the song while strumming their acoustic guitars and reading the exercise book, it typified how Lennon and McCartney would work in partnership, as McCartney subsequently reflected: "I had'She was just seventeen,' and then'never been a beauty queen'. When I showed it to John, he screamed with laughter, said'You're joking about that line, aren't you?'" "We came up with,'You know what I mean.' Which was good, because you don't know what I mean." "It was one of the first times he went'What? Must change that...'" Lennon said: "That's Paul doing his usual good job of producing what George Martin used to call a'potboiler'. I helped with a couple of the lyrics." The songwriting credit on the Please Please Me liner notes is "McCartney–Lennon" which differs from the more familiar "Lennon–McCartney" that appears on subsequent releases.

The first live recording was made at the Cavern Club at the end of 1962. Lennon did not play rhythm guitar. Lennon and McCartney laughed when they sing "Well we danced all night/And I held her tight/And I held her hand in mine" the second time; the song was recorded at EMI Studios on 11 February 1963 and engineered by Norman Smith, as part of the marathon recording session that produced 10 of the 14 songs on Please Please Me. The Beatles were not present for the mixing session on 25 February 1963, it was not common practice for bands to be present at such sessions at that time. On the album, the song starts with a rousing "One, three, four!" count-in by McCartney. Count-ins are edited off the final audio mix. Martin took the count-in from take 9, considered'especially spirited' and spliced it onto take 1. Music journalist Richard Williams suggested that this dramatic introduction to their debut album was just as stirring as Elvis Presley's "Well, it's one for the money, two for the show..." on his opening track, "Blue Suede Shoes", for his debut album seven years earlier.

It made the point that the Beatles were a live band as, at that time, they opened their set with this song. On the first American release of the song, issued on Vee Jay Records, the count was edited out—but the "Four!" is still audible. The full take 9 version of the song appears on the "Free as a Bird" CD single as a B side, released for the first time. Take 2 of the song was released on The Beatles Bootleg Recordings 1963, an album released to iTunes in 2013. British LP: Please Please Me British EP: The Beatles American LP: Introducing... The Beatles American single: "I Want to Hold Your Hand" American LP: Meet the Beatles! Canadian LP: The Beatles' Long Tall Sally Paul McCartney – lead vocals, handclaps John Lennon – rhythm guitar, harmony vocals, handclaps George Harrison – lead guitar, handclaps Ringo Starrdrums, handclapsPersonnel per Ian MacDonald A 1974 live version was recorded by the Elton John Band with John Lennon and released as the B-side to the former's "Philadelphia Freedom" single.

The song is available on the Lenn

Uttara Bank Limited

Uttara Bank Limited is one of the largest and oldest private sector commercial banks in Bangladesh. There are 239 branches at 600 affiliates worldwide. Uttara Bank Limited was established in 1965 with the head office located at Motijheel in Dhaka, East Pakistan as a scheduled bank of the Eastern Banking Corporation. After the liberation war of Bangladesh, the bank was nationalized under Bangladesh Banks Order 1972 and renamed it Uttara Bank. In 1983, it became the first privatized bank of Bangladesh. Uttara Bank Limited has 239 branches in Bangladesh; the bank's internal and external operational activities is operated by twelve zones in different regions of the country. It operates through a number of authorised dealer branches, it is affiliated with nearly 600 financial institutions worldwide. The Board of Directors consists of 13 members; the Head Office is located at Bank's own 18-storied building at 90, Motijheel C/A, the commercial center of the capital, Dhaka. Mr. Azharul Islam Mr. Iftekharul Islam Mr. Mohammed Rabiul Hossain Despite the recent crisis in the Bangladeshi banking sector, Uttara Bank is maintaining a decent financial health.

Bonik Barta, a financial daily newspaper has declared this bank as one of the strongest banks of Bangladesh based on seven indices. Two bank officials including a branch manager and two businessmen were sentenced to life imprisonment for embezzlement. Official website

Roads Beautifying Association

The Roads Beautifying Association was founded in the United Kingdom by Lord Mount Temple, the Minister of Transport in 1928 who appointed as its Secretary Dr. Wilfrid Fox who served throughout and whose work was praised on the organisation's demise by government and opposition alike; the association had the aim of creating better planted and more aesthetically pleasing roads to accommodate cars around the United Kingdom. It published Roadside Planting in 1930, it contributed in biodiversity, overall layout and on safety grounds to many public works programmes. Its members were chosen for knowledge and experience and chiefly included: Lionel de Rothschild, Chairman of the Royal Horticultural Society, Mr. F. R. S. Balfour, Sir Arthur Hill, Mr. W. J. Bean, Col. Stern, expert on planting in chalky soils, Arthur Cotton, the keeper of the herbarium at RHS Kew Gardens and became President of the Linnean Society of London, Mr. Gardner, Secretary of the English Forestry Association, Sir Charles Bressey, an eminent road engineer, from the mid 1930s Lord Aberconway, who became President of the RHS, Sir Edward James Salisbury and ecologist, Roy Robinson, 1st Baron Robinson and representatives of the A.

A. the R. A. C; the British Road Federation, representatives of Kew Gardens and, labelled as'very important' by the last President —a business of tree and other plant nurseries which invested its time and advised willingly. The association had the aim of increasing the publicly maintainable biophysical environment around the new roads being built to accommodate cars around the United Kingdom along new roads and new trunk roads, it published Roadside Planting in 1930. It contributed aesthetically and on safety grounds to public works programmes, funded by local authorities and central government; the RBA went on for a decade on a self-promoted voluntary consultative basis, increasing its circle of contacts among local authorities and doing more and more work with only Ministerial best practice guidance to local authorities to consult it, until, in 1937 the Ministry gave it a grant for promoting its work of £200 a year and urged all local authorities to consult the RBA. The Association, to advertise its existence and that its advice was available, held a sherry party to which it invited the Minister for Transport four years into the six-year Attlee Ministry.

This was summarised by the bulk of the House of Lords' speech of the RBA President, The 10th Duke of Devonshire, Conservative: As I watched the Association's sherry going down his throat, I saw the mental processes going on inside his mind. He was thinking, "This will not do at all. Here are people who know their jobs doing something for nothing; this might be of advantage to'the boys.' It might be one of their'rackets.'" Soon after that, out of the blue, with what I might call brutal rudeness, the Minister dismissed Dr. Fox. Dr. Fox had done a tremendous work over a period of twenty years, had devoted his great knowledge and an enormous amount of time and energy to his job; the Minister spoke disparagingly of the work of the Association and told us to get rid of him. He told us that the small subsidy of £200 a year would be discontinued, that local authorities would in future be told to come to the Ministry, setting up its own department to advise on road planting. I want to ask the... Earl, to reply what this service is costing.

I understand that two officials are employed, at a cost of between £1,500 and £1,800 a year and they must have their own staff—clerks, typists, draftsmen and so on—and any of us who have had any experience of Government affairs realise that the cost of that increases year by year. What is being spent now and what services are being obtained? I want to know why this sudden change of attitude took place.... They did not like something about the Association; when we found we had been dismissed, Dr. Fox was discouraged. We felt it was no good trying to fight the Government and the Minister, so we called a meeting to wind up the Association...unanimously rejected. Since that time the County Councils' Association have asked the Minister that the might be kept in being, have asked to consult that body instead of his officials. At first I thought it was a case of "a job for the boys," but I did the Government an injustice. They...gave it to a young man from Kew...who had done fifteen months' training at Kew before the war...a brilliant young man, but he could not get anything done because he was so tied up with red tape.

A new advisory body was to have been set up.... Lord Aberconway, agreed to be chairman and we were to have some representation. From what I am told, this new body has never come into being, for reasons of economy, is being held in abeyance. Now the have to go to an officer who cannot have the breadth of knowledge and accumulated experience, available in the Association; the 5th Earl of Listowel of the governing party—in a time of economic hardship replied: My Lords, I am sure...the Duke need not apologise for drawing the attention of the House to this important work of road planting which, as has said, contributes so much to the beauty of the English countryside. I assure the... Duke that...the Minister is keenly interested in this work of road planting... The Ministry of Transport has for a long time past—and indeed the... Duke bore witness to that in his remarks—been alive to the importance of providing suitable trees and shrubs, as well as grass verges, as part of the design of modern highways.

This is desirable

1983–84 Australian Tri-Series

The 1983–84 World Series was a One Day International cricket tri-series where Australia played host to Pakistan and West Indies. Australia and West Indies reached the Finals, which West Indies won 3–0. 1st Match on 8 January 1984 at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne – West Indies 221/7 defeated Australia, 194 by 27 runs Scorecard 2nd Match on 10 January 1984 at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney – Australia 264/8 defeated Pakistan, 230/9 by 34 runs Scorecard 3rd Match on 12 January 1984 at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne – Pakistan 208/8 defeated West Indies, 111 by 97 runs Scorecard 4th Match on 14 January 1984 at Gabba, Brisbane – West Indies 175/5 defeated Pakistan, 174/9 by 5 wickets Scorecard 5th Match on 15 January 1984 at Gabba, Brisbane – No result Pakistan 184/6 Australia, 15/0 Scorecard 6th Match on 17 January 1984 at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney – West Indies 223/7 defeated Australia, 195/9 by 28 runs Scorecard 7th Match on 19 January 1984 at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney – West Indies 185/5 defeated Pakistan, 184/8 by 5 wickets Scorecard 8th Match on 21 January 1984 at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne – Australia 209/8 defeated Pakistan, 166 by 43 runs Scorecard 9th Match on 22 January 1984 at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne – West Indies 252/6 defeated Australia, 226 by 26 runs Scorecard 10th Match on 25 January 1984 at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney – Australia 244/8 defeated Pakistan, 157 by 87 runs Scorecard 11th Match on 28 January 1984 at Adelaide Oval, Adelaide – West Indies 180/9 defeated Pakistan, 177/8 by 1 wicket Scorecard 12th Match on 29 January 1984 at Adelaide Oval, Adelaide – West Indies 169/4 defeated Australia, 165/7 by 6 wickets Scorecard 13th Match on 30 January 1984 at Adelaide Oval, Adelaide – Australia 210/8 defeated Pakistan, 140 by 70 runs Scorecard 14th Match on 4 February 1984 at WACA Ground, Perth – West Indies 183/3 defeated Pakistan, 182/7 by 7 wickets Scorecard 15th Match on 5 February 1984 at WACA Ground, Perth – Australia 211/8 defeated West Indies, 197 by 14 runs Scorecard West Indies won the best of three final series against Australia 2–0.

1st Final on 8 February 1984 at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney – West Indies 161/1 defeated Australia, 160 by 9 wickets Scorecard 2nd Final on 11 February 1984 at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne – Tied West Indies 222/5 Australia, 222/9 Scorecard 3rd Final on 12 February 1984 at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne – West Indies 213/4 defeated Australia, 212/8 by 6 wickets Scorecard

Carl Schuster

Carl Schuster was an American art historian who specialized in the study of traditional symbolism. Carl Schuster was born in Wisconsin, to a prominent Jewish family, his gift for languages was evident from an early age as was an interest in puzzles and ciphers. These skills would serve him well both as a scholar and as a cryptanalyst for the OSS during the Second World War, he received a B. A. and an M. A. from Harvard where he studied art history and oriental studies. A growing interest in traditional symbolism led him to Peking where he spent three years studying with Baron Alexander Staël von Holstein, a Baltic refugee and distinguished scholar, it was during this period that he began collecting textile fragments and ventured on the first of his many field trips in search of specimens. His travels would take him to some of the more remote parts of the world, photographing rock carvings, visiting small museums or private collections, talking to missionaries, scholars, or anyone else who might have information he was seeking.

Schuster returned to Europe to study at the University of Vienna with the noted art historian, Josef Strzygowski, received his doctorate in 1934 in art history. He worked as Assistant Curator of Chinese Art at the Philadelphia Art Museum but was soon back in China pursuing his researches and traveling until the Japanese invaded. Schuster was assisted in his researches by academic grants from the Harvard-Yenching Institute, the Bollingen foundation, the Guggenheim Foundation, his easy-going manner and gift for languages provided access to people and information not available to others. He collected and photographed specimens in his widespread travels. Nothing diverted him, he lived an ascetic life. In rural areas, he could satisfy hunger with a heaping bowl of fresh rice, which cost one cent, he never raised his camera to record Mao's Long March. Detained by Japanese soldiers in rural China, he recorded the event to explain why certain notes and negatives were missing, he walked through famine and war.

Some of his rare Chinese embroideries were purchased by George Hewitt Myers for the Textile Museum and another large group was given to the Field Museum in Chicago. He donated a group of Chinese prints to the New York Public Library as well as a collection of Buddhist woodcuts. After World War II, he lived in Woodstock, New York, where he began to develop his ideas, publishing learned monographs on traditional design motifs, he placed these studies in specialized publications, whose readers, he hoped, would respond with more leads. Harvard University was on the verge of publishing a book, The Sun Bird, but he withdrew it at the last moment because he felt it contained errors; the American Museum of Natural History provided him with a desk and he spent much time there and in the New York Public Library. In 1945, the American Anthropological Association sponsored an exhibition of his photographs at the AMNH illustrating his ideas about how certain symbols were shared by separated cultures. Along with the artist Miguel Covarrubias, the curator Rene d'Harnoncourt, the politician and philanthropist Nelson Rockefeller, Schuster was involved in the foundation of the Museum for Primitive Art.

He continued to travel, attending conferences and doing fieldwork and to correspond with others who shared his interests. Scattered around the world in remote or unlikely places, were hundreds of self-trained scholars, who in response to some personal passion, sought to preserve the last remnants of fading, local traditions, they were primary sources: rigorously trained in other disciplines, self-taught in their special interests dedicated in their researches. Many were far better scholars than the professionals. Most had no one to talk to, they welcomed him. Long after his death, letters from isolated places continued to arrive, filled with data and photographs, his archives contain incalculable riches from a world now forgotten. Schuyler Cammann, Professor of East Asian Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, first met Schuster in China in the 1930s and was influenced by him, but Carl was no mere follower. He developed original ideas and experimented with linking various fields of scholarship in new and imaginative ways, always being careful to check his thoughts and his findings with the most rigorous scholarship before he shared them with others.

Schuster never sought the spotlight and his work was ignored in academic circles where his approach was considered out of date. He was at the center of a vast network of scholars and other interested parties who shared ideas and sought his advice; because he traveled so he was well-known to scholars, museum curators, congress-goers on five continents. He served as an important link in international scholarship, not only through personal contacts during his research trips, but because, from his home-base in Woodstock, N. Y. he conducted a kind of free information bureau for the exchange of questions and ideas among scholars and specialists in different fields, between whom he was the only direct link. There in Woodstock, he had extensive files of notes and films, just the ordering of, in itself a marvel of efficient organization. Schuster's ability to gather and evaluate data was extraordinary. In an age before the copier and the personal computer, he accumulated an archive comprising