Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre Co. Ltd. is a lucha libre professional wrestling promotion based in Mexico City. The promotion is referred to by its previous name Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre. Founded in 1933, it is the oldest professional wrestling promotion still in existence. CMLL has been nicknamed "The serious and the stable", referencing their conservative booking style and their traditional structure to how wrestlers are used and allowed to express themselves. Outside live television broadcasts, CMLL has not shown, they have a few steel cage matches and on occasion have Super Libre matches where there are no disqualifications, but otherwise do not promote any variety of matches that would be considered hardcore wrestling, nor match types such as Ladder matches. CMLL has on occasion fired wrestlers for excessive violence, like the use of chairs, during a match or for using profanity while addressing the crowd during a show. CMLL recognizes and promotes twelve "World Championships" for various weight divisions and classifications, six national level and six regional level championships.
The CMLL Anniversary Show series is the longest running annual major show, starting in 1934, with the CMLL 84th Anniversary Show being the most recent. CMLL regularly promotes major events under the names Homenaje a Dos Leyendas, Sin Piedad, Sin Salida, Infierno en el Ring during the year. CMLL has promoted their regular weekly Super Viernes on a regular basis since the 1930s. Founder Salvador Lutteroth funded the building of Arena Coliseo in 1943, making it the first building in Mexico built for professional wrestling. Prior to 1933, lucha libre shows in Mexico were promoted by foreign promoters doing the occasional match through Mexico or a few scattered local promoters along the U. S. border, who brought in American professional wrestlers as their main attractions. In 1929, Salvador Lutteroth, who at the time was a property inspector for the Mexican Tax department, moved to Ciudad Juárez near the Mexico/U. S. Border. During a trip to El Paso, Texas Lutteroth witnessed a professional wrestling show and was intrigued by the show and the main event Greek wrestler Gus Pappas.
Four years Lutteroth, along with his financial backer Francisco Ahumada chartered Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre, the first Mexican owned wrestling promotion in the country. EMLL held their first shown on September 21, 1933, considered the "birth of Lucha libre" and led to Lutteroth being known as "the father of Lucha Libre". EMLL tried to book Arena Nacional, the premier boxing venue in Mexico City but the promoters would not let him rent it, forcing Lutteroth and EMLL to take up residence in Arena Modelo, an abandoned and run down facility that Lutteroth was able to use as his home base; the concept of Lucha Libre became popular, so much so that the EMLL 1st Anniversary Show drew a sell out crowd of 5,000 paying fans. In 1934, an American wrestler debuted in Mexico under a black, leather mask, Lutteroth dubbed him "La Maravilla Enmascarada" or "The Masked Marvel". In the United States the concept of the masked wrestler was more of a mid-level attraction, but the reaction to La Maravilla Enmascarada led to Lutteroth and the EMLL officials to introduce more masks, starting with a wrestler known as El Enmascarado and late on El Murciélago Enmascarado.
Through the use of the masks and ring characters EMLL helped create the sacred position of the mask in Lucha libre, making it the ultimate status symbol for luchadors. In the early days of EMLL most of the top names were Americans, but with time EMLL introduced several Mexican natives that became so popular that they began to main event most of the EMLL shows. In order to expand their business EMLL began working with a number of local wrestling promoters across Mexico, allowing them to use the EMLL name and some of their contracted wrestlers while gaining access to local wrestlers in return; each booking office was independent of each other but the main office in Mexico City had the final say if there were disputes over who would be able to book certain wrestlers. In 1942, a masked wrestler clad in silver known as El Santo, a man who go on to become a cultural icon in Mexico and is cited as the greatest Mexican wrestler of all time. With the popularity of El Santo as well as other Mexican stars such as Bobby Bonales, Tarzán López, Cavernario Galindo and Gory Guerrero Arena Modelo became too small to accommodate the demand for tickets.
To solve the problem Lutteroth financed the construction of Arena Coliseo in Mexico City, the first arena in Mexico built for professional wrestling and the first sports building in Mexico to have built in air conditioning. The arena, nicknamed the "Lagunilla Funnel" due to its interior shape would hold over 8,800 spectators when configured for Lucha libre or boxing. Arena Coliseo began hosting EMLL's annual Anniversary shows starting with the 10th Anniversary show. In 1953, Salvador Lutteroth joined the US based National Wrestling Alliance, becoming the official NWA territory for all of Mexico, known as "NWA-EMLL" outside Mexico. By joining the NWA, Lutteroth and EMLL gained control of the NWA World Light Heavyweight Championship, they were able to re-brand their "World Middleweight Championship" to become the NWA World Middleweight Championship and their "World Welterweight Championship" became the NWA World Welterweight
Kawasaki is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the 8th most populated city in Japan and one of the main cities forming the Greater Tokyo Area and Keihin Industrial Area; as of October 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 1,503,690, with 716,470 households, a population density of 10,000 persons per km2. The total area is 142.70 km2. Kawasaki is governed by Mayor Norihiko Fukuda, an independent elected on 27 October 2013; the city assembly has 63 elected members. Mayor Fukuda was re-elected to a second term in office on 22 October 2017. Kawasaki mayoral election, 2005 Kawasaki Stadium: Located in Kawasaki-ku. Opened in 1952, was used as a home field for professional baseball teams from 1954 to 1991; the stands were taken down in 2001, is used for American football games and other events in addition to baseball. Kawasaki Todoroki Baseball Stadium: Located in Nakahara-ku. Maximum capacity of 5,000 people. Used for preliminary rounds of high school baseball and American football games.
Todoroki Athletics Stadium: Located in Nakahara-ku. Maximum capacity of 25,000 people. Opened in 1964, the stadium underwent several renovations before becoming the home field for the Kawasaki Frontale. Used for track & field competitions. Kawasaki Prefectural Gymnasium: Located in Kawasaki-ku. Opened in 1956, is used for Puroresu matches. 20 minutes walking distance from Kawasaki Station's east entrance. Kawasaki Todoroki Arena: Located in Nakahara-ku. International field athletics and volleyball matches are held here, in addition to various musical concerts. Velodrome: Kawasaki Velodrome Kawasaki Keiba Fujitsu's Main Branch is located in Nakahara-ku, it was Fujitsu's headquarters. Kawasaki has several factories and development bases of the companies of heavy industry and high technology. ■ East Japan Railway Company ■ Tōkaidō Main Line - Kawasaki - ■ Keihin-Tōhoku Line - Kawasaki - ■ Nambu Line Main Line: Kawasaki - Shitte - Yakō - Kashimada - Hirama - Mukaigawara - Musashi-Kosugi - Musashi-Nakahara - Musashi-Shinjō - Musashi-Mizonokuchi - Tsudayama - Kuji - Shukugawara - Noborito - Nakanoshima - Inadazutsumi - Branch Line: Shitte - Hatchōnawate - Kawasaki-Shinmachi - Hama-Kawasaki ■ Tsurumi Line Main Line: - Musashi-Shiraishi - Hama-Kawasaki - Shōwa - Ōgimachi Ōkawa Branch: - Ōkawa ■ Yokosuka Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line - Musashi-Kosugi - Shin-Kawasaki -■ Odakyu Electric Railway ■ Odakyū Line - Noborito - Mukōgaoka-Yūen - Ikuta - Yomiuri-Land-mae - Yurigaoka - Shin-Yurigaoka - Kakio ■ Tama Line Shin-Yurigaoka - Satsukidai - Kurihira - Kurokawa - Haruhino -■ Keio Corporation ■ Sagamihara Line - Keiō-Inadazutsumi - Keiō-Yomiuri-Land - Inagi - Wakabadai■ Keikyu Corporation ■ Keikyū Main Line - Hatchōnawate - Keikyū Kawasaki - ■ Daishi Line Keikyū Kawasaki - Minatochō - Suzukichō - Kawasaki-Daishi - Higashi-Monzen - Sangyō-Dōro - Kojimashinden■ Tokyu Corporation ■ Tōyoko Line - Shin-Maruko - Musashi-Kosugi - Motosumiyoshi - ■ Meguro Line - Shin-Maruko - Musashi-Kosugi - Motosumiyoshi - ■ Den-en-toshi Line - Futako-Shinchi - Takatsu - Mizonokuchi - Kajigaya - Miyazakidai - Miyamaedaira - Saginuma - ■ Ōimachi Line - Futako-Shinchi - Takatsu - Mizonokuchi Expressway Tōmei Expressway is a north-south expressway running from Tokyo to Nagoya and in central area.
Tōmei-Kawasaki Interchange is served from Kawasaki. Daisan Keihin Road is a north-south expressway running from Tokyo to Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama and in central area. Keihin-Kawasaki Interchange is served from Kawasaki. Shuto Expressway Route K1 is a north-south expressway running from Shuto Expressway Route 1 to Shuto Expressway Route K3 and in southern area. Daishi Interchange, Hama-Kawasaki Interchange, Asada Interchange are served from Kawasaki. Bayshore Route is a north-south expressway running from Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama to Ichikawa, Chiba and in southern area. Ukishima Interchange and Higashi-Ōgishima Interchange are served from Kawasaki. Shuto Expressway Route K6 is an expressway in southern area. Daishi Interchange, Tonomachi Interchange, Ukishima Interchange are served from Kawasaki. Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line is an expressway across Tokyo Bay from Kawasaki to Kisarazu, Chiba. Ukishima Interchange is served from Kawasaki. National Route National Route 1 and 15 are north-south highways running in southern area.
Due to elongated territory from east to west, these highways run short length in Kawasaki. Japan National Route 246 is a north-south highways running in central area, it runs short length in Kawasaki. Japan National Route 132 is short highway running in southern area, it bounds port of kawasaki. Japan National Route 357 is an industrial highway in southern area, it runs only in Higashi-Ōgishima Island in Kawasaki. Japan National Route 409 is a highway running from Kawasaki to Narita, Chiba, it bounds central downtown area in Kawasaki. Kanayama Shrine: Site of the annual Kanamara Matsuri. Kawasaki Daishi: the second most visited temple in the Kantō region Nihon Minka-en: a park with a collection of 20 minka, or traditional farmhouses, from various areas in Japan Koreatown: eastern Kawasaki has the second largest concentration of Koreans in Japan after Osaka. In 1997 it became the first municipality to allow non-Japanese nationals to take civil service employment. Todoroki Ryokuchi: athletic park Fujiko F. Fujio Museum: known as Doraemon museum, opened on September 3, 2011, in Tama-ku Ward.
Nakagawa stable: stable of professional su
Kōriyama is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2018, the city has an estimated population of 333,108 people in 140,913 households, a population density of 435 persons per km²; the total area of the city is 757.20 square kilometres. Kōriyama is designated as functions as a commercial center for Fukushima Prefecture. Kōriyama is the second largest conurbation in the Tōhoku region. Kōriyama is located in the center of the Nakadōri region of Fukushima Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan; the Adatara Mountains are to the north, Lake Inawashiro is to the west, the Abukuma highlands are to the east. The Abukuma River flows through downtown Kōriyama; the downtown area extends to the west of Kōriyama Station. Per Japanese census data, the population of Kōriyama has increased over the past 40 years. Kōriyama has a humid continental climate characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall; the average annual temperature in Kōriyama is 11.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1216 mm with September as the wettest month.
The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, lowest in January, at around 0.1 °C. Kōriyama originated as a regional governmental center in the Nara period, when the area was on the frontier of Yamato settlement of the Tōhoku region; the surrounding area developed into shōen controlled by various samurai clans in the Heian and Kamakura periods. Nearby centers, such as Nihonmatsu developed into castle towns, Kōriyama remained as a commercial center and thrived as a post town because of its importance as a traffic focal point into the Edo period and was part of the territory of Nihonmatsu Domain. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the town of Kōriyama was established within Asaka District. In the early Meiji period, many dispossessed samurai were assigned undeveloped lands in the area to reclaim and as a result, the population grew and region developed into an agricultural center; the relative abundance of hydroelectric power helped with the development of local industry.
Kōriyama was raised from town to city status on September 1, 1924 with the annexation of neighboring Odawara Village. Kuwano Village was annexed on June 1, 1925. During the 1930s, Kōriyama was noted a center for military equipment production, it was thus a target for American bombers during World War II, the city was subject to three large-scale air raids during the war. From 1954-1955, Kōriyama expanded by annexing the town of Otsuki and portions of the villages of Tomita and Iwae, in 1965 annexed the villages of Nishida and Nakata. In 1997, the city received core city designation, giving it increased autonomy from national and prefectural governments. On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake caused damage, but Kōriyama is located outside of the mandatory evacuation zone set by the Japanese government after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Many people from the evacuation zone relocated to Kōriyama. Kōriyama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 38 members.
The city contributes nine members to the Fukushima Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, Kōriyama is part of the Fukushima 2nd Electoral District, which includes neighbouring Nihonmatsu and Adachi District. Sources: Kōriyama city is called the "commercial capital in Fukushima" and the economic bloc is the biggest in Fukushima Prefecture. There are many department shops in the area around Kōriyama Station. Principal companies headquartered in KoriyamaXEBIO. Kōriyama Station is the central station for the city. However, Kōriyama does not have an airport. JR East - Tōhoku Shinkansen Kōriyama JR East - Tōhoku Main Line Asaka-Nagamori - Kōriyama - Hiwada JR East - East Ban'etsu Line Kōriyama - Mōgi JR East - West Ban'etsu Line Kōriyama - Kōriyamatomita - Kikuta - Akogashima] - Bandai-Atami - Nakayamajuku JR East - Suigun Line Kōriyama - Asaka-Nagamori - Yatagawa - Iwaki-Moriyama Tōhoku Expressway - Asaka PA - Kōriyama-minami IC - Kōriyama IC - Kōriyama JCT Ban-etsu Expressway - Kōriyama-higashi IC - Kōriyama JCT - Gohyakugawa PA - Bandai-Atami IC National Route 4 National Route 49 National Route 228 National Route 294 Fukushima Central Television Fukushima Broadcasting CATY Information Network Kōriyama FM Fukushima Fukushima Mimpō Fukushima Minyū Kahoku Shinpō Nihon University, Faculty of Engineering Ohu University Kōriyama Women's University & Colleges Kōriyama Women's University Junior College Open University of Japan, Fukushima Learning Center Kōriyama has ten public high schools operated by the Fukushima Prefectural Board of Education and six private high schools Public Asaka High School Asaka Mitate Branch High School Asaka Reimei High School Kōriyama High School Kōriyama Higashi High School Kōriyama Shōgyō High School Kōriyama Kita Kōgyō High School Asaka Kaisei High School Konan High School Kōriyama Hōsei High SchoolPrivateTohoku High School of Nihon University Shōshi Gakuen Shōshi High School Teikyō Asaka High School High School affiliated with Kōriyama Women's Colleges Fukushima Korean School - North Korean international school Takeshi Honda - Figure skater Toru Iwaya - Mezzotint engraver, painter Miki Nagasawa -
Sōka is a city in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 247,165, a population density of 9,000 persons per km², its total area is 27.46 square kilometres. Situated in the southeast corner of Saitama Prefecture 30 kilometers away from Tokyo. Sōka is surrounded to the east by the cities of Yashio and Yoshikawa, to the west by Kawaguchi. To the north is Koshigaya and to the south Adachi Ward of Metropolitan Tokyo. Sōka, once a peaceful agricultural area surrounded by water and greenery, lies in the Nakagawa-ayase basin, an area referred to as the Nakagawa-teichi district; this alluvial plain spreads over the central part of the Kanto Plain. As a result of urbanization, the once abundant greenery and clean water was adversely affected. Now, Sōka is promoting a "town of greenery and water based on history and the natural features of the area". Creation of areas of greenery reflecting the changes of the four seasons, the restoration of waterways and environs is being advanced.
Saitama Prefecture Koshigaya Kawaguchi Misato Yashio Yoshikawa Tokyo Adachi-ku During the Edo period, Sōka-shuku developed as a post station on the Nikkō Kaidō highway. The town of was Sōka created within Kitaadachi District, Saitama with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889, it annexed the neighboring villages of Yatsuka and Shinden on January 1, 1955, followed by the village of Kawayanagi on August 1, 1955. On November 1, 1955, Sōka was elevated to city status. Following this, rapid population expansion and urbanization took hold due to strong economic growth, fueled by its proximity to Tokyo; the city was proclaimed a tokureishi on April 2004 with increased local autonomy. Sōka traditionally is known for the Sōka senbei; however and food processing form a minor portion of the local economy, industrialized. Dokkyo University Sōka has 21 elementary schools, 11 junior high schools, four high school, one special education school. Tobu Railway - Tobu Skytree Line Yatsuka - Sōka - Dokkyodaigakumae - Shinden Tokyo Gaikan Expressway National Route 4 National Route 298 Sōka is twinned with: Carson, United States, since November 19, 1985 Shōwa, Japan, friendship city since 1985 Anyang, China, since November 1, 1988 Sōka Matsubara Hiroshi Imai, politician Yōko Honna, voice actress Yumi Kawai, actress Kenta Kobayashi, wrestler Tatsuya Yamaguchi, musician Official Website
Professional wrestling is a form of performance art and entertainment that combines athletics with theatrical performance. It takes the form of events, held by touring companies; the unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws and acrobatic maneuvers. Much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees; the matches have predetermined outcomes to heighten entertainment value and all combative maneuvers are executed with the full cooperation of those involved and performed in specific manners intended to lessen the chance of actual injury. These facts were once kept secret but are now a accepted open secret. To promote and sustain the willing suspension of disbelief by maintaining an aura of verisimilitude, the performing company avoids discussing the true nature of the performance in official media.
Fan communications by individual wrestlers and promotions through outside media directly acknowledge the dramatic and "fixed" nature of the spectacle. Originating as a popular form of entertainment in 19th-century Europe and as a sideshow exhibition in North American traveling carnivals and vaudeville halls, professional wrestling grew into a standalone genre of entertainment with many diverse variations in cultures around the globe, is now a billion dollar entertainment industry. Since the 1980s, local forms have declined in Europe, wrestling from North America has experienced several different periods of prominent cultural popularity during its century and a half of existence and has been exported back to Europe to fill the cultural gap left by the aforementioned decline of local versions; the advent of television gave professional wrestling a new outlet, wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Show wrestling has become prominent in Central/North America and Europe.
In Brazil, there was a popular wrestling television program from the 1960s to the early 1980s called Telecatch. High-profile figures in the sport have become celebrities or cultural icons in their native or adopted home countries. Although professional wrestling started out as small acts in sideshows, traveling circuses and carnivals, today it is a billion-dollar industry. Revenue is drawn from ticket sales, network television broadcasts, pay-per-view broadcasts, branded merchandise and home video. Pro wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Annual shows such as WrestleMania, Bound for Glory, Wrestle Kingdom and Starrcade are among the highest-selling pay-per-view programming each year. In modern day, internet programming has been utilized by a number of companies to air web shows, internet pay per views or on-demand content, helping to generate internet-related revenue earnings from the evolving World Wide Web. Home video sales dominate the Billboard charts Recreational Sports DVD sales, with wrestling holding anywhere from 3 to 9 of the top 10 spots every week.
Due to its persistent cultural presence and to its novelty within the performing arts, wrestling constitutes a recurring topic in both academia and the media. Several documentaries have been produced looking at professional wrestling, most notably, Beyond the Mat directed by Barry W. Blaustein, Wrestling with Shadows featuring wrestler Bret Hart and directed by Paul Jay. There have been many fictional depictions of wrestling; the largest professional wrestling company worldwide is the United States-based WWE, which bought out many smaller regional companies in the late 20th century, as well as its primary US competitors World Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling in early 2001. Other prominent professional wrestling companies worldwide include the US-based Impact Wrestling known as Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, Ring of Honor; when talking about professional wrestling, there are two levels: the "in-show" happenings that are presented through the shows, happenings which are outside the scope of performance but have implications on the performance, such as performer contracts, legitimate injuries, etc.
Because actual events are co-opted by writers for incorporation into storylines for the performers, the lines are blurred and become confused. Special care must be taken; the actions of the character should be considered fictional events, wholly separate from the life of the performer. This is similar to other entertainers; some wrestlers would incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters if they and their in-ring persona have different names. Historians are unsure at what point wrestling changed from competitive catch wrestling into worked entertainment; those who participated felt that maintenance of a constant and complete illusion for all who were not involved was necessary to keep audience interest. For decades, wrestlers lived their public lives; the pra
Arkangel de la Muerte
Alfredo Pasillas was a Mexican luchador and enmascarado professional wrestler, best known for his work in the Mexican professional wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre under the ring name Arkangel de la Muerte. He is referred to as just Arkangel, worked under the ring name Mister Cid until 1991, his name means "Archangel of Death" in Spanish. In addition to his long in-ring career, Arkangel was most known for being a prolific professional wrestling trainer with CMLL's wrestling school and had a small or large part in training in all wrestlers who worked for CMLL between 2006 and his death in 2018. In the years leading up to his death, he served as the head trainer at the school, his in-ring career included reigns with the CMLL World Welterweight Championship and the Mexican National Welterweight Championship, as well as winning the mask of Ángel Azteca. He was a founding member of the groups Pandilla Los Guerreros Tuareg. Alfredo Pasillas made his professional wrestling debut in 1985, using the ring name "Mr. Cid", an enmascarado character inspired by El Cid, an 11th-century Castilian nobleman.
On June 8, 1988, Mr. Cid teamed with Pantera II to win the Naucalpan Tag Team Championship in a tournament final against Convoy and Perverso; the team did not last long, with a storyline break up that led to a feud between the two men. On September 4, 1988, Pantera II defeated Mr. Cid in a Luchas de Apuesta, mask vs. mask match, forcing Mr. Cid to unmask. A week Pantera II and Carnelo Casas defeated Mr. Cid and Bestia Verde in another Luchas de Apuesta match, this time with Mr. Cid and Bestia Verde having their hair shaved off after the loss. In 1990 Mr. Cid teamed with Canelo Casas to win the Naucalpan Tag Team Championship once more, holding it until 1991. In June 1991 Mr. Cid changed ring characters, becoming Arkangel de la Muerte, a rudo character with religious undertones; as Arkangel, he won the Naucalpan Tag Team Championship for a third time, this time while teaming with Guerrero de la Muerte, who became a regular partner for Arkangel in the following years. The team held the Distrito Federal Tag Team Championship at some point in the first half of the 1990s.
They would team with El Felino to hold the Distrito Federal Trios Title in 1991, losing the title to Los Metalicos. By the mind 1990s, the "de la Muerte" tag team had broken up, as Arkangel decided to focus on singles competition instead. On September 25, 1998, Arkangel defeated El Torero for the Mexican National Welterweight Championship, bringing the title back to Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre for the first time in five years. Over the next 178 days, Arkangel defended the title against Máscara Mágica, El Torero, Astro Rey Jr. and Pantera before losing the title to Astro Rey Jr. on March 22, 1999. Five months Arkangel won the CMLL World Welterweight Championship from Super Delfin on a show in Kawasaki, Japan. Arkangel defended the title several times, both in Mexico and Japan before losing the belt to Nosawa in January 2001, ending his title reign after at least 875 days; when CMLL celebrated their 70th anniversary in 2003, Arkangel de la Muerte was booked in a Luchas de Apuestas match versus Ángel Azteca.
Arkangel unmasked Azteca, in what was Ángel Azteca's last high publicity match. In 2004, Arkangel held the Distrito Federal Welterweight Championship for a short period of time before losing the title to Ludwig Star. In 2004, Arkangel de la Muerte became one of the founding members of a group called Pandilla Guerrera, a sub group of the top rudo group in CMLL, Los Guerreros del Infierno; the Pandilla Guerrera group consisted of undercard wrestlers, teaming together in the hopes of improving their position on the card. When the group only saw limited success by the association with Los Guerreros del Infierno, they decided to break away from them in 2007. Arkangel, along with Nitro, Doctor X, Loco Max and Skándalo, formed a group called Rebeldes del Desierto renamed Los Guerreros Tuareg. Arkangel was the co-leader of the group along with Nitro. On October 18, 2009, Arkangel was one of 12 wrestlers who put his mask on the line in a 12-man Luchas de Apuestas cage match, he was the ninth person to keep his mask safe.
In the mid-2000s Pasillas began working as a trainer for CMLL's lucha libre school, helping train young men and women for a wrestling career as well as providing additional training for lower ranked wrestlers. As part of his role Arkangel transitioned into working in the second or third match of the card against younger wrestlers to give them more experience and further their training. In the latter half of the 2010s Pasillas became the head coach of the CMLL lucha libre school, a position he was first introduced as when CMLL presented Generación 2011, a group of trainees under Arkangel's supervision that included Magnus, Dragon Lee, Enrique Vera Jr. Hombre Bala Jr. Super Halcón Jr. El Hijo del Signo and Boby Zavala. On January 1, 2011 Arkangel competed for the first and only time in CMLL's semi-regular Reyes del Aire tournament; the elimination match saw Arkangel and Ángel de Plata pin each other thus eliminating both from the tournament. In early 2011 Arkangel teamed up with Black Warrior to compete in a tournament to determine the first Universal Wrestling Entertainment Tag Team Championship.
The team lost to La Latino in the first round. Arkangel would hold the Chilean-based Federacion Universitaria de Lucha Libre world championship on two occasions between 2013 and 201
A stage name is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers, such as actors, comedians and musicians. Such titles are adopted for a wide variety of reasons and may be similar or nearly identical to an individual's birth name. In some situations, a performer will adopt his or her title as a legal name, although this is not the case. Personal names or nicknames that make up the professional name should not be considered as a "fake name" like Lady Gaga: for example: Miley Cyrus: born Destiny Hope Cyrus, uses her personal nickname "Miley" and her maiden name "Cyrus" as her professional name, in 2018 she changed to Miley Ray Hemsworth. A performer will take a stage name because his/her real name is considered unattractive, dull, or unintentionally amusing, is difficult to pronounce or spell, has been used by another notable individual, or projects an undesired image. Sometimes a performer adopts a name, unusual or outlandish to attract attention. Other performers use a stage name; the equivalent concept among writers is called a nom de pen name.
In radio, the term "radio name" or "air name" is used. Some individuals who are related to a celebrity take a different last name so they are not perceived to have received undue advantage from their family connection. Examples of these include Joan Fontaine, Luka Bloom, Mike McGear. Sisters Loretta and Brenda Webb adopted the names Loretta Lynn, Peggy Sue, Crystal Gayle, respectively. Actor Nicolas Cage, born Nicolas Coppola, chose a new last name to avoid comparisons with his uncle, director Francis Ford Coppola, who gave him his big break in the movie Peggy Sue Got Married. Conversely, individuals who wish to receive benefit from their family connections may take that person's first or last name. For example, Lon Chaney Sr.’s son Creighton spent a number of years appearing in minor roles before renaming himself Lon Chaney, Jr. Actress Rebecca Isabelle Laemmle rechristened herself Carla Laemmle in reference to her uncle, Universal Studios head Carl Laemmle. Emilio Estevez and his sister Renee chose not to take their father Martin Sheen’s professional name and use their birth names.
Women who achieve fame after marriage use their married name as part of their professional name, ie. Kris Jenner while women who achieved fame before marriage continue to use their maiden name or a Hyphenated surname like Mariah Carey and Courteney Cox-Arquette. In some cases, the individual may adopt a stage name to avoid confusion with other family members who have similar names. Actor Mark Harmon uses his middle name professionally to avoid confusion with his father Heisman Trophy winner and former broadcaster Tom Harmon. Guilds and associations that represent actors, such as the Screen Actors Guild in the United States and British Actors' Equity Association in the United Kingdom, stipulate that no two members may have identical working names. An actor whose name has been taken must choose a new name. Notable examples include: David Tennant, born David McDonald, who said in an interview that he adopted the surname "Tennant" after seeing Neil Tennant in a copy of Smash Hits. Diane Keaton, whose birth name is Diane Hall, took her mother's maiden name as a stage name after learning that there was a registered actress named Diane Hall in the Actors' Equity Association.
Ugly Betty actress Vanessa Williams uses "Vanessa L. Williams" due to SAG guidelines, although the other actress with same first and last name is arguably less notable. David Walliams changed one letter in his surname due to there being another "David Williams". Terry O'Quinn of Lost fame changed his surname from Quinn to O'Quinn as another registered actor had the name Terrance Quinn. Long-time Simpsons writer and Futurama executive producer David X. Cohen changed his middle initial from S to X because there was a David S. Cohen registered with the Writer's Guild of America. In other cases, a middle name may be adopted in preference to changing a name. Examples include comedian Hugh Dennis born Peter Hugh Dennis, actor-comedian Hugh Laurie born James Hugh Calum Laurie, actor Timothy Carlton born Timothy Carlton Cumberbatch. In some cases, attaching a generational suffix is sufficient for guild rules. A person hoping to become successful as an entertainer who has a name identical to a name familiar to the public may change his/her name in order to avoid having his/her name evoke the other person with the same name.
For example, the actor/writer/director Albert Brooks was born Albert Einstein and changed his surname to avoid associations with the renowned physicist with the same name. Singer Katy Perry, born Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, released her self-titled album under the name Katy Hudson, but used her mother's maiden name to avoid confusion with