Super League

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Super League
Current season or competition::
Super League XXII
Super League logo
Sport Rugby league
Inaugural season 1996
Number of teams 12
Countries  England (11 teams)
 France (1 team)
Champions Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors (4th title) (2016)
Most titles Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos (7 titles)
Website rugby-league.com/superleague
Broadcast partner Sky Sports (live matches)
BBC (highlights only)
Related competitions Domestic Cup: Challenge Cup
International Cup(s): World Club Series
World Club Challenge
Relegation to Championship

Super League (currently known as the Betfred Super League for sponsorship reasons) is the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern hemisphere. The league has twelve teams: eleven from England and one from France. Canadian and Welsh clubs that also compete in the Rugby Football League can also qualify. Colloquially known in the UK as the Super League it is referred to internationally as the European Super League (ESL). The current champions are Wigan Warriors.

Super League began in 1996, replacing the RFL Championship and switching from a winter to a summer season, each team plays 23 games between February and July: 11 home games, 11 away games and a Magic Weekend game at a neutral venue. After 23 games, teams enter a Super 8 stage, the top eight play each other once more, the top four then enter the play-off series leading to the Grand Final (formerly the Championship Final) which determines the champions. The bottom four teams go on to play the top four Championship teams in The Qualifiers to determine who will play in Super League the following season.

Leeds Rhinos are the most successful club in the Super League era, having won 7 titles. However, Wigan Warriors are the most successful club overall, having won 21 British Championships.

The Super League champions play the National Rugby League champions from Australasia in the World Club Challenge at the start of the season.

History[edit]

1996–2001: Establishment[edit]

A "super league" competition was first mooted during the Australian Super League war as a way for Rupert Murdoch to gain the upper hand during the battle for broadcasting supremacy with the Australian Rugby League. Murdoch also approached the British clubs to form Super League. A large sum of money aided the decision, and the competition got under way in 1996. Part of the deal saw rugby league switch from a winter to a summer season, the 12 founding teams of Super League were:

Initially, several mergers between existing clubs were proposed:

They were to be included with the following stand-alone clubs: Bradford Northern, Halifax, Leeds, London Broncos, Paris Saint-Germain, St. Helens and Wigan.

However this proved so unpopular that only existing clubs were selected for the competition, the clubs finishing below 10th in the existing top flight were excluded, which meant Featherstone Rovers, Hull, Wakefield Trinity and Widnes were left out, as were pioneering club Keighley who had just won the Second Division Championship. London Broncos, who had come fourth in the Second Division, were "fast-tracked" in on commercial grounds. A new team, Paris Saint-Germain, was created to give a French dimension. Between 1998 and 2000 there was no relegation from Super League.

2002–2008: Promotion and relegation[edit]

After two years Paris were dropped from the competition. Promotion and relegation between Super League and the Rugby League National Leagues was re-introduced, and in 2002 the Super League Europe (SLE) governing body re-integrated fully into the Rugby Football League (RFL). In 2006, French side Catalans Dragons (also known as UTC or Les Catalans) from Perpignan joined the league, becoming the second non-English team to compete. To facilitate this move, two clubs were relegated from Super League at the end of the 2005 season: Leigh who finished bottom of the league were replaced by the one club coming up from the National Leagues and Widnes who finished 11th (and would have stayed up any other year) were dropped for Les Catalans, thus the number of clubs in Super League remained at 12.

2009–2014: Licensing[edit]

Super League licences were announced in May 2005 by the RFL as the new determinant of the Super League competition's participants from 2009 in place of promotion and relegation, the licences were awarded after consideration of more factors than just the on-the-field performance of a club.[1] After 2007 automatic promotion and relegation was suspended for Super League with new teams to be admitted on a licence basis with the term of the licence to start in 2009.[1]

The RFL stated that clubs applying to compete in Super League would be assessed by criteria in four areas (stadium facilities, finance and business performance, commercial and marketing and playing strength, including junior production and development) with the final evaluations and decisions being taken by the RFL board of directors.[2]

Successful applicants were licensed for three years of Super League competition and[3] three-yearly reviews of Super League membership took place to ensure ambitious clubs lower down the leagues can still be successful.[2]

Points attained by each club's application are translated into licence grades A, B or C. Clubs who achieved an A or B Licence would be automatically awarded a place in Super League, while those who achieved a C Licence underwent further scrutiny before the RFL decided who made the final cut.[4]

First licensing period

In June 2008, the RFL confirmed that Super League would be expanded from 12 teams to 14 in 2009,[5][6] and on 22 July 2008 the RFL confirmed the teams awarded licences,[7] the teams announced were the 12 existing Super League teams along with National League 1 teams, Celtic Crusaders and Salford. Celtic Crusaders becoming the first Welsh team to play in Super League and the only team to be awarded a licence who had never played in the Super League previously.

Featherstone Rovers, Halifax, Leigh and Widnes all failed to attain a licence. Leigh and Widnes, especially, were disappointed with their exclusions with Leigh's chairman being extremely critical of the RFL.[8]

Second licensing period

For the 2012–14 seasons Championship sides Batley, Barrow, Featherstone Rovers, Halifax and Widnes all met the on-field criteria needed to submit an application,[9] but despite this only Barrow, Halifax and Widnes decided to submit an application.[10] On 31 March 2011 Widnes were awarded a Super League licence; Barrow, did not meet the criteria and were refused a licence; and Halifax's application was to be further considered alongside the other Super League clubs.[11]

The Rugby Football League's final decision was announced on 26 July 2011, Widnes would be joining thirteen existing Super League teams with Crusaders RL having withdrawn their application and Halifax not meeting the criteria.[12] Crusaders CEO Rod Findlay stated that the club's finances were not in a good enough condition to justify their place in Super League.[13] Halifax chairman Mark Steele was critical of the decision to award Wakefield a licence over themselves, saying "If you compare Belle Vue with the Shay, it's no contest; if you compare playing records, it's no contest; and if you compare the financial position, we have kept our head above water and they haven't."[13] Wakefield had been favourites to lose their licence before Crusaders' withdrawal.[13]

2015–Present: Super 8s[edit]

At the 2013 Annual General Meeting at Bradford, the Super League clubs agreed to reduce the number of clubs to 12 from 2015, and also for a return of Promotion and Relegation with a 12 club Championship.[14]

The 12 First Utility Super League and 12 Kingstone Press Championship clubs will play each other home and away over 22 "rounds", including a Magic Weekend for both divisions. Following the conclusion of their regular league seasons, the 24 clubs will then compete in a play-off series where they split into 3 leagues of 8 based upon league position:[15][16]

  • The top 8 Super League clubs will continue to compete in the Super 8s. After playing each other once (either home or away), the top 4 clubs will progress to the semi-finals to determine who will compete in the Grand Final and be crowned champions.
  • The remaining (bottom 4) Super League clubs and the top 4 Championship clubs will compete in The Qualifiers. They will play each other once (either home or away) to determine which four of the clubs will compete in Super League the following year.

Funding for clubs will be tiered in both leagues to prevent relegation related financial difficulties.

In June 2015 8 of the 12 Super League clubs voted to allow a Marquee Player that can exceed a clubs salary cap as long as they can afford their wages, the marquee player rule comes into force for the 2016 Super League season.

Structure[edit]

Super League regular season[edit]

12 teams compete in Super League. They play each other twice on a home-and-away basis, interrupted by the Magic Weekend round in May, the team finishing bottom after 23 rounds collects the Super League Wooden Spoon. After the 23 rounds, the top eight teams carry their points forward and play each other once (home or away) in the Super Eights. A play-off series is used to determine the two teams who will meet in the Super League Grand Final to compete for the championship.

Magic Weekend[edit]

In an attempt to expand out of the traditional rugby league "heartlands", and market the game to a wider audience, the RFL has staged games in large stadia, in places without a strong rugby league presence, the "Magic Weekend" concept, which involves staging an entire round of Super League in such a stadium, was first staged in Cardiff in 2007. Dubbed "Millennium Magic", and played in the Millennium Stadium, the concept was held in Cardiff again in 2008; in 2009 and 2010, the event was held in Edinburgh at the Scottish national rugby union stadium, giving rise to the name changing to "Murrayfield Magic". Generally held during the May Day weekend, 2011 saw the Magic Weekend return to Cardiff, and was held during the weekend 12–13 February, and serving as the season opener, it has since returned to its traditional mid-season slot and has been held since 2014 at St James' Park in Newcastle.

Super 8s[edit]

After 23 games the league table is frozen and the teams are split into "Super 8's". Teams finishing in the top 8 compete for a place in the play-offs, and all retain a place in Super League for the next season. Teams finishing in the bottom four (9-12) compete alongside the top 4 teams from the Championship, in "The Qualifiers" Super 8 group, these teams will reset their season standings and also play 7 extra games, as they attempt to earn a place in the following year's Super League competition.

  • Top 8

The top 8 sees the top eight teams in Super League play each other once more home or away with the points they earn in the regular season being carried forward, the further up the table a team finishes, the more home games they will play. Once the teams have played each other once home or away the top team is awarded the League Leaders' Shield and the top four teams enter the play offs to play in the Grand Final.

Position Qualification
1 League Leaders/
Play-off Place
2 Play-off Place
3 Play-off Place
4 Play-off Place
5 Do not qualify for play-offs
6 Do not qualify for play-offs
7 Do not qualify for play-offs
8 Do not qualify for play-offs
  • Qualifiers

The Qualifiers Super 8s sees the bottom 4 teams from the original Super League table mixed with the top 4 teams from the Championship, the points totals are reset to 0 and each team plays 7 games each, playing every other team once. After 7 games each the teams finishing 1st, 2nd and 3rd will gain qualification to the next year's Super League competition. Teams finishing 4th and 5th will play in a Promotion Play-off, dubbed the "Million Pound Game", at the home of the 4th placed team, this game will see the winner earn a place in the next Super League season, whilst the loser, along with teams finishing 6th, 7th and 8th will be relegated to the next year's Championship competition.

Position Qualification
1 Super League Place
2 Super League Place
3 Super League Place
4 Million Pound Game
5 Million Pound Game
6 Championship Place
7 Championship Place
8 Championship Place

Play-offs[edit]

The play-offs have had various formats, since 2015 the play-offs have been contested by the four sides finishing highest in the league after the Super Eights.

The current Super League Play-off structure:[17][18]

Semifinals Finals
           
1 1st
4 4th
Winner of Semi Final 1
Winner of Semi Final 2
2 2nd
3 3rd

Grand Final[edit]

Leeds Rhinos celebrating following their 2008 Grand Final victory

The Grand Final is the championship-deciding game and showpiece event of the Super League season, it is held annually at Old Trafford.

City Stadium Years
England Manchester Old Trafford 1998–present

Largest attendance

Year City Stadium Attendance
2015 England Manchester Old Trafford 73,512

Other competitions[edit]

World Club Series[edit]

The World Club Series consists of three games, the first two being a series between 2 NRL teams and the Super League League Leaders and Challenge Cup winners, the third game is the World Club Challenge between the NRL and Super League Champions.

Challenge Cup[edit]

The Challenge Cup is a separate cup competition, involving clubs from Super League and all levels of rugby league in Britain, it has been held annually since 1896 and has been expanded so teams in Russia, France, Scotland and Wales can take part. The cup runs throughout the season, and the final is usually played on the August bank holiday at Wembley Stadium.

Clubs[edit]

Current clubs[edit]

Super League clubs
Colours Club Established City Stadium Capacity* Titles (Last)**
Castleford colours.svg
Castleford Tigersa 1925 Castleford, West Yorkshire Wheldon Road 12,000 0 (N/A)
Catalanscolours.svg
Catalans Dragons 2000 Perpignan, Pyrénées-Orient Gilbert Brutus Stadium 13,000 0 (N/A)
Giantscolours.svg
Huddersfield Giantsc 1864 Huddersfield, West Yorkshire Kirklees Stadium 24,500 7 (1962)
Hullcolours.svg
Hull FCc 1865 Hull, East Yorkshire KCOM Stadium 25,404 6 (1983)
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinosabc 1864 Leeds, West Yorkshire Headingley Stadium 20,500 10 (2015)
Leigh colours.svg
Leigh Centurionsc 1878 Leigh, Greater Manchester Leigh Sports Village 12,000 2 (1982)
Redscolours.svg
Salford Red Devils 1873 Salford, Greater Manchester Salford City Stadium 12,000 6 (1976)
Saintscolours.svg
St. Helensabc 1873 St. Helens, Merseyside Totally Wicked Stadium 18,000 13 (2014)
Wcatscolours.svg
Wakefield Trinityc 1873 Wakefield, West Yorkshire Belle Vue 12,600 2 (1968)
Wolvescolours.svg
Warrington Wolvesab 1876 Warrington, Cheshire Halliwell Jones Stadium 15,500 3 (1955)
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes Vikingsc 1875 Widnes, Cheshire Halton Stadium 13,500 3 (1989)
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriorsabc 1872 Wigan, Greater Manchester DW Stadium 24,057 21 (2016)

a: Founding member of the Super League
b: Appeared in every Super League season since 1996
c: One of the original 22 RFL teams

  • **includes Rugby Football League Championship titles won prior to the inaugural Super League season in 1996, which are officially considered to be part of the Super League lineage
Current Champions

Former Super League Clubs[edit]

Previous Super League clubs
Colours Club Seasons
Super League
First season in
Super League
Last season in
Super League
Last top
division title**
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls 19 1996 2014 2005
Broncoscolours.png
London Broncos 19 1996 2014 N/A
HKRcolours.svg
Hull Kingston Rovers 10 2007 2016 1984-85
Faxcolours.svg
Halifax 8 1996 2003 1985-86
Sheffeagles colours.svg
Sheffield Eagles 4 1996 1999 N/A
Cruscolours.svg
Crusaders § 3 2009 2011 N/A
Oldhamcolours.svg
Oldham 2 1996 1997 1956-57
France colours.svg
Paris Saint-Germain § 2 1996 1997 N/A
Gthundercolours.svg
Gateshead Thunder § 1 1999 1999 N/A
Workingtoncolours.svg
Workington Town 1 1996 1996 1950-51
  • § Denotes club now defunct
  • **includes Rugby Football League Championship titles won prior to the inaugural Super League season in 1996, which are officially considered to be part of the Super League lineage

All Time Super League table[edit]

  • Correct up to end of 2016 season (Warrington, Catalans, Leigh and Widnes have been updated as their Super League season finished before the Super 8s)
  • Does not include games in The Qualifiers
Pos. Club Seasons Playoffs P W D L PF PA PD Pts Relegated
1 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens* 21 19 569 400 14 155 17,696 11,277 6,419 812
2 Wigancolours.svg Wigan* 21 17 569 384 21 164 16,657 10,260 6,397 783
3 Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds 21 18 562 363 15 184 16,276 11,561 4,715 741
4 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington 22 10 592 311 12 269 15,483 14,178 1,305 634
5 Bullscolours.svg Bradford 19 11 509 308 17 184 14620 11253 3367 617 1
6 Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C.* 19 11 525 259 20 246 12,277 11,876 401 536
7 Castleford colours.svg Castleford 20 5 514 212 19 276 11,612 13,518 −1,906 443 2
8 Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield 18 8 490 213 10 267 11,386 11,989 603 436 1
9 Broncoscolours.png London 19 2 509 185 20 304 10793 14229 −3436 390 1
10 Wcatscolours.svg Wakefield* 18 3 494 173 6 610 10,128 13,380 −3,252 346
11 Redscolours.svg Salford* 18 1 478 152 8 318 8,691 13,162 −4,471 304 1
12 Catalanscolours.svg Catalans 12 6 327 148 10 169 7,671 8,294 −623 306
13 HKRcolours.svg Hull KR 10 4 262 114 9 138 5,579 6,040 −461 237 1
14 Widnes colours.svg Widnes 10 1 269 94 8 166 5068 7,224 −2,156 196 1
15 Faxcolours.svg Halifax* 8 1 209 76 4 129 4646 5908 −1262 154 1
16 Sheffeagles colours.svg Sheffield 4 0 97 37 3 57 2027 2663 −636 77 1
17 Gthundercolours.svg Gateshead § 1 0 30 19 1 10 775 576 199 39
18 Cruscolours.svg Crusaders* § 3 1 81 21 0 60 1431 2463 −1032 38
19 Oldhamcolours.svg Oldham 2 0 44 13 2 29 934 1312 −378 28 1
20 France colours.svg Paris § 2 0 44 9 1 34 760 1367 −607 19
21 Leigh colours.svg Leigh 2 0 45 8 1 42 954 1144 −190 17 1
22 Workingtoncolours.svg Workington 1 0 22 2 1 19 325 1021 −696 5 1
Current club
Current Championship club
Current League 1 club
§ Clubs that no longer exist

Points deductions

  • 2001 - Wcatscolours.svg Wakefield Trinity - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2003 - Faxcolours.svg Halifax - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2003 - Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2003 - Saintscolours.svg St. Helens - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2006 - Bullscolours.svg Bradford - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2006 - Wigancolours.svg Wigan - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2007 - Bullscolours.svg Bradford - Salary Cap Breach - 2 points
  • 2007 - Wigancolours.svg Wigan - Salary Cap Breach - 4 points
  • 2011 - Wcatscolours.svg Wakefield Trinity - Administration - 4 points
  • 2011 - Cruscolours.svg Crusaders - Administration - 4 points
  • 2012 - Bullscolours.svg Bradford - Administration - 6 points
  • 2013 - Redscolours.svg Salford - Fielding Extra Man - 2 points
  • 2014 - Bullscolours.svg Bradford - Administration - 6 points
  • 2016 - Redscolours.svg Salford - Salary Cap Breach - 6 points

Academies[edit]

Reserve League[edit]

In 2014 and 2015 Super League clubs were unhappy with the Dual registration system and wanted to form a Under 23 reserve leagues between the Under 19s and 1st team. Wigan, Warrington and St Helens were the first teams to propose the return of the reserve league where players could move from the under 19s and play with professional players before playing in the 1st team. A reserve league was set up in 2016 with a mixture of Super League, Championship and League 1 teams.

Dual registration[edit]

Dual registration refers to an arrangement between clubs whereby a player continues to be registered to his current Super League club and is also registered to play for a club in the Championship, the system is aimed at young Super League players who are thought to be not quite ready to make the step up to 'week in, week out' Super League first team duties but for whom first team match experience is likely to be beneficial for their development.[19]

  • Only Super League players can be dual registered and the receiving club must be a club in the Championships, meaning that Super League to Super League club dual registrations are not available.
  • A dual registered player will be eligible to play and train with both clubs in a format agreed between the clubs, subject to registration, salary cap and competition eligibility rules.
  • The player is restricted to playing in one fixture per scheduled round of fixtures in any given week and would not be eligible to play for his Super League club on a Thursday and in a Championship fixture at the weekend, for example.
  • A receiving club will be limited to a total of five dual registered players per matchday squad.

Under 19s[edit]

In 2017 the following teams will run in each of the Senior Academy divisions:[20] Super League Academy – U19s:

Champions[edit]

See Rugby Football League Championship for the all-time list of champions since 1895.

The league format changed in 1998 and the championship became a play-off series to determine the Super League champions, this meant a reintroduction of a final to determine the European champions, the first since the 1972–73 season.

Season Champions Score Runners-up League Leaders
I
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
N/A
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
N/A
II
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
N/A
Broncoscolours.png London Broncos
N/A
III
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 10–4 Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
IV
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 8–6 Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
V
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 29–16 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
VI
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls 37–6 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
VII
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 19–18 Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
VIII
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls 25–12 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
IX
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 16–8 Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos
X
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls 15–6 Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
XI
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 26–4 Hullcolours.svg Hull Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
XII
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 33–6 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
XIII
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 24–16 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
XIV
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 18–10 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos
XV
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 22–10 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
XVI
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 32–16 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves
XVII
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 26–18 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
XVIII
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 30–16 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants
XIX
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 14–6 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
XX
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 22–20 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos
XXI
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 12-6 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves
XXII
TBD - TBD Castleford colours.svg Castleford Tigers

Results[edit]

Club Wins Runners
up
Winning Years
1 Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 7 2 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015
2 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 6 5 1996, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2014
3 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 4 6 1998, 2010, 2013, 2016
4 Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls 4 3 1997, 2001, 2003, 2005
5 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 0 3 N/A
6 Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 0 1 N/A
7 Broncoscolours.png London Broncos 0 1 N/A

The Double[edit]

In rugby league, the term 'the Double' is referring to the achievement of a club that wins the top division and Challenge Cup in the same season. To date, this has been achieved by a total ten different clubs but by only four different clubs during the Super League era.

Club Wins Winning years
1 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 7 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93,
1993–94, 1994–95, 2013
2 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 3 1965–66, 1996, 2006
3 Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants 2 1912–13, 1914–15
4 Barrowcolours.svg Broughton Rangers 1 1901–02
5 Faxcolours.svg Halifax 1 1902–03
6 Hunsletcolours.svg Hunslet F.C. § 1 1907–08
7 Swintoncolours.svg Swinton Lions 1 1927–28
8 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 1 1953–54
9 Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls 1 2003
10 Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 1 2015

The Treble[edit]

The Treble refers to the team who wins all three domestic honours on offer during the season; Grand Final, League Leaders' Shield and Challenge Cup. To date seven teams have won the treble, only Bradford Bulls, St. Helens and Leeds Rhinos have won the treble in the Super League era.

Club Wins Winning years
1
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
3 1991–92, 1992–93, 1994–95
2
Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants
2 1912–13, 1914–15
3
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
2 1965–66, 2006
4
Hunsletcolours.svg Hunslet F.C. §
1 1907–08
5
Swintoncolours.svg Swinton Lions
1 1927–28
6
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
1 2003
7
Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos
1 2015

All Four Cups[edit]

Winning all Four Cups refers to winning the Super League, League Leaders' Shield, Challenge Cup and World Club Challenge in one season. Not all of these cups were available in the past but have replaced other cups that could be won.

Club Wins Winning years
1
Hunsletcolours.svg Hunslet F.C. §
1 1907–08
2
Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants
1 1914–15
3
Swintoncolours.svg Swinton Lions
1 1927–28
4
Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
1 1994–95
5
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
1 2003–04
6
Saintscolours.svg St. Helens
1 2006–07

Teams relegated[edit]

Year Club
1996 Workingtoncolours.svg Workington Town
1997 Oldhamcolours.svg Oldham Bears
1998–2000 no relegation
2001 Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants
2002 Redscolours.svg Salford City Reds
2003 Faxcolours.svg Halifax
2004 Castleford colours.svg Castleford Tigers
2005 Widnes colours.svg Widnes Vikings
Leigh colours.svg Leigh Centurions
2006 Castleford colours.svg Castleford Tigers
2007 Redscolours.svg Salford City Reds
2008–2013 no relegation
2014 Broncoscolours.png London Broncos
Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls
2015 None
2016 HKRcolours.svg Hull Kingston Rovers

Awards[edit]

League Leader's Shield[edit]

The League Leader's Shield is awarded to the team finishing the regular season top of Super League; this is also known as a minor premiership. The League Leader's Shield was introduced only in 2003, previously no prize was awarded to the team finishing top following the introduction of the Grand Final.

Club Wins Winning years
1 Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 7 1996, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2014
2 Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 4 1998, 2000, 2010, 2012
3 Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls 4 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003
4 Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 3 2004, 2009, 2015
5 Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 2 2011, 2016
6 Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants 1 2013
7 Castleford colours.svg Castleford Tigers 1 2017


Super League Trophy[edit]

Super League Trophy

The winner of the Grand Final is given the Super League Trophy as Super League Champions, this is considered more prestigious than the minor premiership. Each year, the year of a champion team's triumph, team name and team captain are engraved.

The record for most Super League titles won is held by Leeds with seven titles. Leeds captain Kevin Sinfield currently holds the record for captaining the most Super League title winning sides after captaining Leeds to all 7 of their grand final successes. St. Helens contested the final 6 years in a row (from 2006 until 2011) during which time they succeeded only once in lifting the trophy against Hull F.C. in 2006; after which they suffered consecutive defeats against Leeds in 2007, 2008, 2009, Wigan in 2010 and Leeds once again in 2011. However, St. Helens made a victorious return in 2014, defeating rivals, Wigan 14–6.

Following their 2014 and 2015 defeats to St. Helens and Leeds respectively, Wigan have now equalled St Helens's record of losing five Grand Finals.

Steve Prescott Man of Steel Award[edit]

The Man of Steel Award is an annual award for the best player of the season in Super League, it has continued from pre-Super League times, with the first such award given in 1977. It was renamed in honour of Steve Prescott in 2014.

Albert Goldthorpe Medal[edit]

The Albert Goldthorpe Medal is an award voted for be members of the press who cast a vote after every game of the regular season, the three players who, in the opinion of the reporter, have been the three 'best and fairest' players in the game will receive three points, two points and one point respectively. To be eligible for a vote, a player must not have been suspended from the competition at any stage during the season.

Super League Dream Team[edit]

Each season a "Dream Team" is also named, the best thirteen players in their respective positions are voted for by members of the sports press.

Player Team Appearance
1 England Jamie Shaul Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 1
3 England Ryan Atkins Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 2
4 Tonga Mahe Fonua Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 1
5 England Dominic Manfredi Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 1
6 Australia Kurt Gidley Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 1
7 England Luke Gale Castleford colours.svg Castleford Tigers 2
8 England Chris Hill Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 3
9 England Danny Houghton Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 1
10 England Scott Taylor Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 1
11 England Ben Currie Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 1
12 Italy Mark Minichiello Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 1
13 England Gareth Ellis Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 5

Coaches[edit]

Longest-serving coach Tony Smith
Nat. Name Club Appointed Time as head coach
England Daryl PowellDaryl Powell Castleford colours.svg Castleford Tigers 7 May 2013 4 years, 134 days
France Frayssinous, LaurentLaurent Frayssinous Catalanscolours.svg Catalans Dragons 3 September 2012 5 years, 15 days
Australia Stone, RickRick Stone Giantscolours.svg Huddersfield Giants 11 July 2016 1 year, 69 days
England Radford, LeeLee Radford Hullcolours.svg Hull F.C. 25 September 2013 3 years, 358 days
England Jukes, NeilNeil Jukes Leigh colours.svg Leigh Centurions 1 February 2016 1 year, 229 days
England McDermott, BrianBrian McDermott Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos 25 October 2010 6 years, 328 days
Wales Ian Watson Redscolours.svg Salford Red Devils 3 September 2015 2 years, 15 days
Australia Holbrook, JustinJustin Holbrook Saintscolours.svg St. Helens 4 May 2017 137 days
England Chester, ChrisChris Chester Wcatscolours.svg Wakefield Trinity 16 March 2016 1 year, 186 days
Australia Smith, TonyTony Smith Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves 5 March 2009 8 years, 197 days
England Betts, DenisDenis Betts Widnes colours.svg Widnes Vikings 11 November 2010 6 years, 311 days
England Wane, ShaunShaun Wane Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors 9 October 2011 5 years, 344 days

Head Coaches with Super League titles[edit]

The Super League has been won by 12 different coaches, 8 from Australia, 3 from England and 1 from New Zealand.

Head Coach Wins Winning years
1 England Brian Noble 3 2001, 2003, 2005
2 England Brian McDermott 3 2011, 2012, 2015
3 England Shaun Wane 2 2013, 2016
4 Australia Matthew Elliott 2 1997, 1999
5 Australia Ian Millward 2 2000, 2002
6 Australia Tony Smith 2 2004, 2007
7 New Zealand Brian McClennan 2 2008, 2009
8 Australia Shaun McRae 1 1996
9 Australia John Monie 1 1998
10 Australia Daniel Anderson 1 2006
11 Australia Michael McGuire 1 2010
12 Australia Nathan Brown 1 2014

Players[edit]

  • Statistics are correct as of the start of the 2016 season.

Appearances[edit]

Kevin Sinfield made 521 appearances for Leeds Rhinos between 1997 and 2015
  • Note that appearances from the bench are also included in this list.
Rank Player Years Appearances
1 England Kevin Sinfield 1997–2015 521
2 England Paul Wellens 1998–2015 496
3 England Jamie Peacock 1998–2015 475
4 England Lee Gilmour 1997–2014 460
5 England Keith Senior 1994– 2011 419
6 England Andy Lynch 1999–present 467
7 Wales Lee Briers 1997–2013 402
8 England Paul Deacon 1997–2011 384
9 England Danny McGuire 2001–present 402
10 England Sean O'Loughlin 2002–present 353
11 England Gareth Carvell 1997–2014 328
12 England Adrian Morley 1995–2015 316
13 New Zealand Robbie Hunter-Paul 1996–2009 308
14 England Ade Gardner 2002–2014 304
15 England Gareth Carvell 1997–2015 293
16 Samoa Harrison Hansen 2004–2015 286
17= Scotland Danny Brough 2005–present 391
New Zealand Ali Lauitiiti 2004–2015 275

Tries[edit]

Rank Player Years Tries
1 England Danny McGuire 2001–present 259
2 England Paul Wellens 1998–2015 231
3 England Keith Senior 1996–2011 210
4 England Ryan Hall 2007–present 186
5 England Ade Gardner 2002–2014 174

Points[edit]

Rank Player Years Points
1 England Kevin Sinfield 1997–2015 3,204
2 England Andrew Farrell 1996–2004 2,517
3 England Paul Deacon 1997–2011 2,415
4 England Sean Long 1996–2011 2,248
5 Ireland Pat Richards 2006–2013, 2016 2,187

Winning captains[edit]

9 players have captained teams to win the Super League.

Captain Wins Winning years
1 England Kevin Sinfield 7 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015
2 England Chris Joynt 3 1999, 2000, 2002
3 England Sean O'Loughlin 3 2010, 2013, 2016
4 New Zealand Robbie Paul 3 1997, 2001, 2003
5 England Bobbie Goulding 1 1996
6 England Andy Farrell 1 1998
7 England Jamie Peacock 1 2005
8 England Sean Long 1 2006
9 England Paul Wellens 1 2014

[edit]

Super League logo until 2016

The Super League has had two official logos, the first was used for the inaugural season in 1996 and until 2016. The logo had the Super League S with Super above it and League below it, the title sponsors name would appear above the logo until 2014 when title sponsors First Utility used their own personalised logos that appeared on player shirts and in the media. The reigning champions had a ribbon around the logo with champions on it until 2011.

2017 rebrand

The second official logo was introduced in 2017 as part of a radical rebrand across British rugby league, the design was similar to the RFL and England logos. It had a rectangular backdrop representing the George Hotel, where rugby league was founded, thirteen lines representing thirteen players, a chevron which are well known for appearing on rugby league shirts and the S which represents the ball and the Super League, the current champions have a gold logo.

Sponsorship[edit]

Sponsorship logo used in media and on players shirts

Super League has been sponsored since its formation, apart from the 2013 season.

The title sponsor has been able to determine the league's sponsorship name. There have been seven different title sponsors since the league's formation:

Period Sponsor Name
1996–1997 Stones Bitter Stones Super League
1998–1999 JJB Sports JJB Super League
2000–2004 Tetley's Bitter Tetley's Super League
2005–2011 Engage Mutual Assurance Engage Super League
2012 Stobart Group Stobart Super League
2013 no sponsor Super League
2014–2016 First Utility First Utility Super League
2017-2019 Betfred Betfred Super League

As well as title sponsorship, Super League has a number of official partners and suppliers,[21] for the 2017 season these include Kingstone Press Cider, Dacia, Foxy Bingo, Batchelors and Specsavers. The official ball supplier is Rhino Rugby.[22]

Competition rules[edit]

Overseas quota and Federation-trained players[edit]

An overseas quota restricting the maximum number of foreign players at each club has existed since the inception of the Super League in 1996.[23] However, overseas players that hold a European Union passport or come under the Kolpak ruling do not count towards the quota, this resulted in the number of non-British players at some clubs greatly exceeding the quota.

In response to concerns over the growing number of foreign players in the league, in 2007, the RFL announced plans to introduce a "homegrown player" rule to encourage clubs to develop their own players,[24] as of 2017, Super League clubs are permitted to register no more than five overseas players. Additionally, squads are also limited to a maximum of seven non-Federation trained players.[25]

Salary cap[edit]

A salary cap was first introduced to the Super League in 1998, with clubs being allowed to spend up to 50 percent of their income on player wages, from the 2002 season onwards, the cap became a fixed ceiling of £1.8 million in order to increase parity within the league.[26]

The Super League operates under a real-time salary cap system that will calculate a club's salary cap position at the start of and throughout the season:[27]

  • The combined earnings of the top 25 players must not exceed £1.825 million.
  • Clubs will only be allowed to sign a new player if they have room under the cap.
  • Clubs are allowed to spend a maximum of £50,000 on players outside the top 25 earners who have made at least one first grade appearance for the club during the year.
  • Costs for players outside of the top 25 earners who do not make a first team appearance will be unregulated.
  • Any player who has played for the same club for at least 10 consecutive seasons will have half their salary excluded from the salary cap for his 11th and subsequent seasons. This is subject to a maximum of £50,000 for any one club.
  • Clubs are allowed one "Marquee Player" who can exceed a club's salary cap as long as they can afford the players wages.

In 2017, Super League clubs approved proposals to increase the salary cap over the next three seasons, eventually rising to £2.1 million by 2020. Clubs will also be allowed to sign a second marquee player.[28]

Squad announcement system[edit]

Before each Super League and Tetley's Challenge Cup fixture, each club must announce the squad of 19 players it will choose from by 2.00pm on the second day before the match day.[27]

Match officials[edit]

All Super League matches are governed by the laws set out by the RFL; these laws are enforced by match officials. Former Super League and International Referee Steve Ganson is the current Acting Head of the Match Officials Department and Technical Director. Former Hull F.C. player and Huddersfield Head Coach Jon Sharp was the previous Head of the Match Officials Department of the RFL. Sharp was sacked in July 2015 and took up the role of Head Coach at Featherstone Rovers, he assumed his role at the RFL following Stuart Cummings' departure in March 2013 having previously held the role of Match Officials Coach & Technical Director.

Criticism[edit]

Big Four Dominance[edit]

(1996-2009)

Results of the 'Big Four'
Season Bullscolours.svg Bradford Bulls Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors
1996 3 10 Champions Runners up
1997 Champions 5 3 4
1998 5 Runners up 4 Champions
1999 Runners up 3 Champions 4
2000 3 4 Champions Runners up
2001 Champions 5 4 Runners up
2002 Runners up 4 Champions 3
2003 Champions 2 4 Runners up
2004 Runners up Champions 5 4
2005 Champions Runners up 1 7
2006 4 3 Champions 8
2007 3 Champions Runners up 6
2008 5 Champions Runners up 4
2009 9 Champions Runners up 6
Titles 4 4 5 1

(2010-)

Results of the 'Big Four'
Season Rhinoscolours.svg Leeds Rhinos Saintscolours.svg St. Helens Wigancolours.svg Wigan Warriors Wolvescolours.svg Warrington Wolves
2010 4 Runners up Champions 3
2011 Champions Runners up 2 1
2012 Champions 3 1 Runners up
2013 3 5 Champions Runners up
2014 6 Champions Runners up 5
2015 Champions 4 Runners up 6
2016 9 4 Champions Runners up
Titles 3 1 3 0

Since its formation in 1996 only four teams have won the Super League (Leeds Rhinos, Bradford Bulls, Wigan Warriors and St. Helens) and a total of six have taken part in the Grand Final (Hull F.C. and Warrington Wolves being the other two). Seven different teams have also been the league leaders, however only two of these (Huddersfield Giants in 2013 and Castleford Tigers in 2017) are different teams to those that have appeared in the grand final (Castleford could still make the grand final and win Super League this season), meaning that only eight different teams have been involved in the grand final or topped the regular season table, however a total of 23 teams have taken part in Super League since its inception.

In comparison, in the same 22-year period, 12 different teams have won the Australasian National Rugby League competition and 15 different teams have appeared in the Grand Final.

Licensing[edit]

Between 2009 and 2014 teams had to apply for a license to play in Super League, this also meant there was no automatic promotion between Super League and the Championship, this was unpopular with Championship clubs because there was no fair and easy way for them to get promoted into Super League and it was seen as a closed shop.

Attendances in the lower divisions dropped as a result of this system because it was felt that there was little appeal in these leagues when there was no incentive for the clubs to win the Championship. Also the only time that lower division clubs got the chance to play Super League opposition was in the early rounds of the challenge cup, with no route to the Super League however, teams were unable to compete with top division opposition because there was no way that clubs could attract top talent when players would not be playing in top-level rugby league.

M62 Corridor[edit]

Another Criticism of the Super League is that most of the teams that have competed in it have been in its heartlands of the M62 Corridor between Yorkshire and Lancashire. Catalans Dragons are the only team currently playing in Super League who are outside its traditional headland in the North of England and are considered a success compared to teams such as London Broncos and Celtic Crusaders.

Expansion was a key policy of the RFL when Super League was created. Along with the above-mentioned teams, Paris Saint-Germain RL competed from the beginning of the competition but departed after just two seasons due to a lack of interest and investment. Another team to fail from outside the heartlands was Gateshead Thunder who competed in the first season of Super League, after that first season they found themselves with debts of £700,000 and so accepted a grant of £1,250,000 to merge with Hull F.C..

Expansion has taken place in the lower divisions and this is a continuing policy of the RFL, at present nine expansion clubs take part in the lower divisions with 1 in the Championship and 8 in the Championship 1. In 2015, it was announced that Toulouse Olympique had been granted entry into League 1, the third division of European rugby league; the team has previously competed in the Championship. This brought the total number of expansion teams across the top 3 divisions to 10 (out of 39 clubs); in 2016 it was announced that a team based in Toronto, Canada had also been granted access to League 1. Toronto Wolfpack will begin play in the 2017 season and will take the number of expansion clubs to 11 (out of 40 clubs). This also means that teams taking part in the top 3 divisions will come from 4 countries and 2 continents.

Media coverage[edit]

Television[edit]

Sky Sports have been the primary broadcast partner of Super League since its inaugural season in 1996. The current deal lasts until 2021 and covers 80 matches per season, rising to 100 from 2015, they currently have the rights to show live Super League games in both Ireland and the United Kingdom; two live matches are broadcast each week – one on Thursday nights at 7:30pm (kick off 8pm) and another at 7:30pm on Friday nights (kick off 8pm). From 2014, they also simulcast all of Catalans Dragons' home games and from 2015, will broadcast regular Kingstone Press Championship matches.

Duration Broadcaster
1996–2021 Sky Sports

Detailed Sky coverage

  • Super League Thursday starts at 7:30 pm and consists of a preview of the weekends Super League fixtures before the first game of the weekend.
  • Super League Friday includes one game with coverage starting at 7:30pm building up to the game.
  • Super League Saturday usually shows Catalans Dragons games kicking off at 5:00pm with coverage starting from 4:55pm. When the Super 8s begging other teams are shown with coverage starting at 2:30pm for games kicking off at 5:00pm.

Highlights[edit]

In addition to Sky Sports' live coverage, BBC Sport broadcast a weekly highlights programme called the Super League Show, usually presented by Tanya Arnold, this is broadcast to the North West, Yorkshire & North Midlands, North East & Cumbria, and East Yorkshire & Lincolnshire regions on BBC 1 on Monday nights (after 11pm) and is repeated nationally on BBC 2 on Tuesday afternoons.[29] A national repeat was first broadcast overnight during the week since February 2008 when the then BBC Director of Sport, Roger Mosey, commented that this move was in response to the growing popularity and awareness of the sport, and the large number of requests from people who want to watch it elsewhere in the UK, the end of season play-off series is shown nationwide in a highlights package. The Super League Show is also available for streaming or download using the BBC iPlayer in the UK.

Highlights programme Duration Broadcaster
Super League Show 1999–Present BBC

Magazines[edit]

Regular commentators are Eddie Hemmings and Mike Stephenson with summarisers including Phil Clarke, Brian Carney, Barrie McDermott and Terry O'Connor. Live Super League broadcasts regularly rank amongst the top 10 most watched programmes in a week on Sky Sports with in excess of 250,000 viewers.[30] Sky Sports also run several supplementary magazine shows, including Super League Full Time and Boots N' All.

Premier Sports and Made in Leeds show a rugby league magazine program called Rugby AM hosted by Alex Simmons, Jamie Jones Buchanan and Keith Senior. It is aired on a Thursday night at 7 and is also repeated on Saturday. Rugby AM also has a radio show on All Star FM.

International[edit]

Internationally Super League is shown live by eight different broadcasters in eight different countries and regions.

Country/ Region Broadcaster
Middle East OSN
North Africa
 France BeIn Sport
 New Zealand Sky Sport
Māori Television
 United States Fox Soccer Plus
 Brazil BandSports
 Russia NTV+
Eastern Europe Sportklub
 Australia Fox League

Radio[edit]

Talksport is an official broadcaster of Super League, broadcasting commentaries and magazine programming on Talksport 2. BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra covers more than 70 Super League games through 5 Live Rugby League each Thursday and Friday night.[31] Each 3 hour programme is presented by Dave Woods with a guest summariser (usually a Super League player or coach) and in addition to live commentary also includes interviews and debate. A 5 Live Rugby League podcast is available to download each week from the BBC website at http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02nrtxd/episodes/downloads.

Super League is also covered extensively by BBC Local Radio:

Station Area
BBC Radio Humberside Hull
BBC Radio Leeds West Yorkshire
BBC Radio Manchester Salford, Wigan and Warrington.
BBC Radio Merseyside St Helens, Warrington and Widnes.

The competition is also covered on commercial radio stations:

  • Radio Yorkshire cover two matches per round featuring Yorkshire clubs.
  • BCB 106.6 (Bradford Community Broadcasting) have full match commentary on Bradford home and away.
  • Wish FM have full match commentary on Wigan and St Helens matches home and away.
  • Wire FM have full match commentary of Warrington amatches home and away.
  • Grand Sud FM covers every Catalans Dragons Home Match (in French).
  • Radio France Bleu Roussillon covers every Catalans Dragons Away Match (in French).

All Super League commentaries on any station are available via the particular stations on-line streaming.

Internet[edit]

ESPN3, formerly ESPN360, has had worldwide broadband rights since 2007 when they broadcast the 2007 Grand Final.

Since 9 April 2009, all of the matches shown on Sky Sports have also been available live online via Livestation everywhere in the world excluding the US, Puerto Rico, UK, Ireland, France, Monaco, Australia and New Zealand;[32] in 2016 Livestation shut down, however theses matches are also available online for UK users only through Sky Go and Now TV.

In the United Kingdom, a number of commercial radio stations, along with BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra and the local BBC radio stations simulcast commentary of Super League games on the internet. Additionally, the 5 Live Rugby League podcast is available to download each week from the BBC website at http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02nrtxd/episodes/downloads.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline[edit]

  1. ^ a b BBC Sport (19 May 2005). "Super League set for 2009 changes". BBC. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  2. ^ a b RFL. "Licensing". The Rugby Football League. Archived from the original on 2 May 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  3. ^ BBC Sport (22 May 2005). "Franchise system 'is way forward'". BBC. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  4. ^ Angela Powers. "Licence to thrill". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  5. ^ Gary Slater (18 June 2008). "Super League to expand to 14". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  6. ^ Sky Sports (17 June 2008). "Super League set to expand". Sky Sports. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  7. ^ BBC Sport (16 July 2008). "Clubs confident over franchises". BBC. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  8. ^ Ian Laybourn. "Leigh blast for Super League". Sporting Life. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2008. 
  9. ^ BBC Sport (8 October 2010). "Five clubs in Super League queue". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  10. ^ BBC Sport (3 December 2010). "Widnes, Halifax and Barrow meet Super League deadline". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  11. ^ "Vikings awarded Super League licence". Super League Official. 31 March 2011. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  12. ^ "Thirteen Super League licences awarded for 2012 to 2014". RFL. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c BBC Sport (26 July 2011). "Crusaders withdraw application for Super League place". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  14. ^ Super League to become a 12-team competition from 2015. Superleague.co.uk (11 July 2013). Retrieved on 20 August 2013.
  15. ^ http://media.therfl.co.uk/docs/Policy%20Review%20-%20September%202013.pdf
  16. ^ "Super League: Competition restructures confirmed". 17 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2017 – via www.bbc.com. 
  17. ^ "New top eight play-off format for engage Super League". Super League (Europe). 1 December 2008. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 1 December 2008. 
  18. ^ "Super League play-offs overhauled". BBC. 30 November 2008. Retrieved 1 December 2008. 
  19. ^ Wilson, Andy (9 February 2013). "Debate continues over Super League and Championship dual registration". Retrieved 25 January 2017 – via The Guardian. 
  20. ^ "Match Centre - Rugby-League.com". Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ Hadfield, Dave (24 January 1996). "Tries to be given trial by television". The Independent. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 
  24. ^ Hadfield, Dave (5 February 2007). "Overseas quotas on clubs' agenda". The Independent. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "Operational Rules". The Rugby Football League. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 
  26. ^ Fisher, Michael (12 January 2001). "Salary cap to be squeezed to £1.8m". Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  27. ^ a b "Competition Structure". The RFL. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 2010.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  28. ^ Bower, Aaron (5 April 2017). "Super League clubs vote for salary cap rise and second marquee player". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  29. ^ "BBC Super League Show: New series starts on 10 February". 7 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  30. ^ "Triline Sports". Triline Sports. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 18 June 2007. 
  31. ^ "Super League: BBC Radio 5 live sports extra to air new show". 4 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  32. ^ List of Super League games available on Livestation.com

General[edit]

  • Caplan, Phil; Doidge, Jonathan R. (2006). Super League – the first ten years. The History Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7524-3698-2. 

External links[edit]