The Supreme Governor of the Church of England is the titular head of the Church of England, a position, vested in the British monarch. Although the monarch's authority over the Church of England is ceremonial, the position is still relevant to the church and is observed in a symbolic capacity; as the Supreme Governor, the monarch formally appoints high-ranking members of the church on the advice of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in turn advised by church leaders. By 1536, King Henry VIII of England had broken with the Holy See, seized the Catholic Church's assets in England and declared the Church of England as the established church with himself as its Supreme Head; the Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed the King's status as having supremacy over the church and required the peers to swear an oath recognising Henry's supremacy. Henry's daughter Mary I attempted to restore the English Church's allegiance to the Pope and repealed the Act of Supremacy in 1555. Elizabeth I ascended to the throne in 1558 and the Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy 1558 which restored the original act.
To placate critics, the Oath of Supremacy which peers were required to swear, gave the monarch's title as Supreme Governor rather than Supreme Head of the church. This wording avoided the charge that the monarchy was claiming divinity or usurping Christ, whom the Bible explicitly identifies as Head of the Church."Defender of the Faith" has been part of the English monarch's title since Henry VIII was granted it by Pope Leo X in 1521 in recognition of Henry's role in opposing the Protestant Reformation. The Pope withdrew the title, but it was reconferred by Parliament in the reign of Edward VI; the position of the monarch role is acknowledged in the preface to the Thirty-Nine Articles of 1562. It states that: "Being by God's Ordinance, according to Our just Title, Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church, within these Our Dominions, We hold it most agreeable to this Our Kingly Office, Our own religious zeal, to conserve and maintain the Church committed to Our Charge, in Unity of true Religion, in the Bond of Peace...
We have therefore, upon mature Deliberation, with the Advice of so many of Our Bishops as might conveniently be called together, thought fit to make this Declaration following... That We are Supreme Governor of the Church of England... " Article 37 makes this claim to royal supremacy more explicit: "The Queen's Majesty hath the chief power in this Realm of England, other her Dominions, unto whom the chief Government of all Estates of this Realm, whether they be Ecclesiastical or Civil, in all causes doth appertain, is not, nor ought to be, subject to any foreign Jurisdiction....e give not to our Princes the ministering either of God's Word, or of the Sacraments...but only that prerogative, which we see to have been given always to all godly Princes in holy Scriptures by God himself. The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this Realm of England." The British monarch vows to uphold the constitution of the Church of Scotland, but does not hold a leadership position in it. The monarch appoints the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland as his or her personal representative, with a ceremonial role.
The Queen on occasion has filled the role as when she opened the General Assembly in 1977 and 2002
Lade Airport was an air station and civilian airport located at Lade in Trondheim, Norway, in use from 1940 to 1965. It had a 1,140-meter concrete runway; the facility was built by the Luftwaffe during World War II to provide air defense for Trondheim and as a temporary airport until Værnes Air Station was completed. After the end of the war in 1945 the airport was taken over by civilian authorities. Trøndelag Flyveselskap operated from Lade from 1946 to 1950; the airline was replaced by Trønderfly, which lasted for one year. Widerøe started operating at the airport and continued to do so until its closing, although they never operated scheduled services out of the airport. Aviation clubs at the airport were NTH Flyklubb. At first Trondheim was served by water aerodromes and from 1952 Trondheim Airport, Værnes became Trondheim's main airport. Braathens SAFE operated scheduled flights to Oslo from 1952 to 1956. Lade Airport remained in use until 1965, when it was abandoned to allow for the area to be redeveloped for industry, a sports venue.
The site at Lade was traditionally farming land. During the late 19th century it was proposed used as a site for the Norwegian College of Agriculture, but was instead located at Ås, thus the area remained an agricultural area at the break-out of World War II in 1940. A Norwegian Simmonds Spartan school aircraft landed at the fields. Scheduled services to Trondheim started in 1937, when Norwegian Air Lines started seaplane services out of the port at Ilsvika and the lake of Jonsvannet. During the German invasion of Norway on 9 April 1940, German pilot Feldwebel Nowak conducted an emergency landing with his Junkers Ju 52 on the fields at Lade, he secured the area and that day seven more aircraft landed in the fields. Trondheim was a strategically important city as it hosted both a shipyard and a submarine pen, Dora 1, in addition to its strategic location for German aircraft to operate northwards as the Norwegian Campaign continued in Northern Norway. Værnes Air Station was in such a condition that it was unsuitable for the large German aircraft, such as the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka.
Thus the Luftwaffe chose to use both the fields at Lade and the ice on Jonsvannet while Værnes was being upgraded. In April 1940 the Wehrmacht demanded that 500 men be made available to build the airport, 2000 men within short time. If the local authorities were not able to follow up, the German military threatened to lock down the city and shoot anyone attempting to leave. At Lade there was built a wooden runway, a wooden and concrete taxiway and some hangars; the runway was rebuilt to concrete. The taxiways were first built in wood and the rebuilt to concrete. Aircraft stationed at Lade consisted for the most part of Stukas. In addition to serving as a stop-over for flights northwards, Lade was important for the defense of Trondheim and the submarine bases; this was organized as part of Jagdgruppe Drontheim of Jagdgeschwader 5. The airport was bombed by the Royal Air Force's Beaufighters by the 248 and 235 Squadron in April 1942; as of 1943 Lade stationed the staff of IV/JG5 with their twelve Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 aircraft and a detachment of 10/JG5 of five Bf 109G-6s.
In an American attack of Dora on 24 July 1943, the winds caused the artificial smoke to cover Lade, but not Dora, allowing the Americans to see their target, but not allow the Germans to scramble their aircraft in defense. In 1944 and 1945 Lade was the base of staff for JG5 and IV/Zerstörergeschwader 26, as well as Messerschmitt Bf 110G from the latter. Transportgeschwader 5 had Ju 52s stationed at Lade during 1944. With the German capitulation on 8 May 1945, the airport at first taken by Allied troops, who disarmed any German military equipment; the airport was subsequently taken over by Norwegian authorities. DNL resumed scheduled flights from Trondheim on 27 May 1946, serving Ilsvika with Ju 52 seaplanes with a stop-over on their Northern Norway route from Oslo Airport, Fornebu. Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen took in a letter to the editor in Adresseavisen in 1947 initiative to establishing a land airport in Trøndelag; the Bukken Bruse Accident which killed nineteen people were killed in a crash during landing at the water aerodrome at Hommelvik.
However, DNL, its successor Scandinavian Airlines System never chose to operate out of Lade. Instead they moved their flights to Trondheim Airport, Værnes from 1952. Trøndelag Flygeselskap A/S was established by Anders Estenstad, Kjell Lefstad, Ola Lefstad and Thor Gjedebo in 1946, receiving an initial share capital of 50,000 Norwegian krone; the airline bought two three-seat Austers and a four-seat Republic Seabee. It has based in two of the German-built hangars; the company was engaged in taxi flights, tourist flights and a pilot school. The aviation activity caught on amongst the city population, resulting in two aviation clubs being established. Trondheim Flyklubb was founded in December 1947. Affiliated with the Norwegian Institute of Technology, it had been established in 1934; the Civil Aviation Administration demanded in 1948 that the aviation clubs upgrade the airport by removing the wooden sections of taxiway and runway. This was carried out as a volunteer service during the fall, which allowed the airport to be rated for commercial services.
The two clubs organized an annual air show, both to generate income and to raise the interest for aviation. Trøndelag Flygeselskap remained in business until 1950. A new airline, A/S Trønderfly, was established on 11 July 1950 and bought a single aircraft, serving the uncovered ma
Epic Scrap Metal is the Norwegian rock band BigBang's eighth studio album. It was released on March 4, 2011 in Norway and jumped straight into #1 on its week of release, staying on top of the Norwegian Albums Chart for 4 consecutive weeks; the album's title draws upon a metal recycling plant in California, named "Star Scrap Metal". Among the guest artist appearances is a duet with U. S. singer Lissie. "How Things Rot" – 2:02 "Everybody and Their Broken Hearts" – 4:15 "Cigarette" – 3:41 "Deserve Everything" – 2:56 "New Woman" – 4:33 "No One" – 3:06 "Cities of the Plain" – 4:57 "Don't Kill My Buzz" – 3:25 "Nothing Finished Yet" – 4:42 "Cape" – 4:38 "Don't Believe in Change" – 4:01 "Epic Scrap Metal" – 4:43 "Magic Hour" – - 7:32 Øystein Greni - Lead vocals, guitars. Bass, drums Nikolai Hængsle Eilertsen - Bass, vocals Olaf Olsen - drums, vocals Joshua Moore - Piano on tracks #2, #4, #10 & #11 Lissie - vocals on "No One" Thom Hell - vocals on "Cities of the Plains"
The black marsh skimmer, or light-tipped demon, is a species of dragonfly in the family Libellulidae. It is found in many Sri Lanka and Thailand, it is a small dark violaceous or blackish-brown dragonfly with yellow markings obscurely showing through. Its thorax is blackish-brown, obscured with pruinescence and appears uniformly dark violaceous in full adults. Young males and females are yellowish. Abdomen is dark violaceous with yellow markings obscurely showing through, its anal appendages are pale yellow tipped with black. Female differs widely from the male in colour and markings, its thorax is golden-yellow on pale greenish-yellow laterally. There is a diffuse brown antehumeral stripe. Abdomen is golden-yellow on dorsum, fading to greenish-yellow laterally, marked with black and reddish-brown. There is a narrow sub-dorsal stripe extending in a broken manner from segment 2 to the end of abdomen. There is a mid-dorsal stripe black on carina, brown at its borders extending from segment 2 to 9, broadening on the terminal segments and becoming confluent with the sub-dorsal stripe.
Segment 10 is yellow, with base and apical border narrowly black. Anal appendages are pale yellow tipped with black, it breeds in weeded lakes. List of odonates of Sri Lanka List of odonates of India List of odonata of Kerala carnatica.html World Dragonflies Animal diversity web Query Results
Jovan Dučić was a Herzegovinian Serb poet-diplomat. He is one of the most influential Serbian modernist poets. Dučić published his first collection of poetry in Mostar in 1901 and his second in Belgrade in 1908, he wrote in prose, writing a number of literary essays, studies on writers, letters by poets from Switzerland and Spain and the book Blago cara Radovana for which he is most remembered when it comes to his writing. Dučić was one of the founders of the Narodna Odbrana, a nationalist non-governmental organization in the Kingdom of Serbia and he was a member of the Serbian Royal Academy. Jovan Dučić was born on 17 February 1871 in Trebinje, at the time part of Bosnia Vilayet within the Ottoman Empire. In Trebinje he attended primary school, he trained to become a teacher in Sombor. He worked as a teacher in several towns before returning to Mostar, where he founded a literary magazine called Zora. Dučić's expressed Serbian patriotism caused difficulties with the authorities – at that time Bosnia and Herzegovina was de facto incorporated into the Austro-Hungarian Empire – and he moved abroad to pursue higher studies in Geneva and Paris.
He was awarded a law degree by the University of Geneva and, following his return from abroad, entered Serbian diplomatic service in 1907. Although he had expressed opposition to the idea of creating a Yugoslavia, he became the new country's first ambassador to Romania, he had a distinguished diplomatic career in this capacity, serving in Istanbul, Rome, Cairo and Lisbon. Dučić spoke several foreign languages and he is remembered as a distinguished diplomat, it was as a poet. He published his first book of poetry in Mostar in 1901 and his second in Belgrade, 1908, he wrote prose as well: several essays and studies about writers, Blago cara Radovana and poetry letters from Switzerland, Greece and other countries. Like Šantić, Dučić's work was heavily influenced by that of Vojislav Ilić, the leading Serbian poet of the late 19th century, his travels abroad helped him to develop his own individual style, in which the Symbolist movement was the greatest single influence. In his poetry he explored quite new territory, unknown in Serbian poetry.
He restricted himself to only two verse styles, the symmetrical dodecasyllable and hendecasyllable—both French in origin—in order to focus on the symbolic meaning of his work. He expressed a double fear, of vulgarity of thought, vulgarity of expression. In the autumn of 1893, during the party in the newly built hotel Drina in Bijeljina, a young and ambitious teacher Dučić met recent School of Commerce graduate Magdalena Živanović, they got engaged with on 5 November 1893, their correspondence continued Dučić's departure from Bijeljina to Mostar to teach from 1895 to 1899. A part of the correspondence is kept safe up to this day, as well as the letter which Dučić's friend and poet Aleksa Šantić redirected to Magdalena on 6 April 1901. Year asking for help in collecting a subscription for his songs. Ljiljana Lukić, a retired professor, keeps a personal copy of the correspondence between Dučić and Magdalena. Professor Ljiljana Lukić states that Dučić lived for a short time in the house of Magdalena Nikolić who lived with her sister.
After break up with Dučić, Magdalena shouted. "Like a novel heroine, she lived by her memories and the only happy moments she had was in reading the letters and songs of the man she loved", as Professor Lukić concludes. Dučić's secret fiancé left in the amanet the following words to be written after her death on the monument, which are still read today on the Bijeljina graveyard: Maga Nikolić-Živanović, 1874–1957, the poet herself and first inspiration of poet Jovan Dučić. Twenty years before Magdalena's death, while Dučić was the authorized minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia, a request was received that testifies of the deep trace which Dučić left in Bijeljina. Singing society Srbadija asked the minister to help in building a home for the needs of society; the Embassy of Serbia in Hungary is in the house which Jovan Dučić received from a Hungarian woman, donated it to the state. Dučić went into exile in the United States in 1941 following the German invasion and occupation of Yugoslavia, where he joined his relative Mihajlo in Gary, Indiana.
From until his death two years he led a Chicago-based organization, the Serbian National Defense Council which represented the Serbian diaspora in the US. During these two years, he wrote many poems, historical books and newspaper articles espousing Serbian nationalist causes and protesting the mass murder of Serbs by the pro-Nazi Ustaše regime of Croatia, he died on 7 April 1943. His funeral took place at the Saint Sava Serbian Orthodox Church in Gary, Indiana and he was buried in the Saint Sava Serbian Orthodox Monastery cemetery in Libertyville, Illinois, he expressed a wish in his will to be buried in his home town of Trebinje, a goal, realized when he was reburied there on 22 October 2000 in the newly built Hercegovačka Gračanica monastery. His Acta Diplomatica was published posthumously in the former-Yugoslavia; the Jovan Dučić Award is awarded for achievements in poetry and it is awarded every year during the manifestation "Dučić's Night" in Trebinje. He was elected a member of Parnassos Literary Society.
Pjesme, knjiga prva, izdanje u
Naval Security Group Activity, Winter Harbor was a radio station of the United States Navy that operated from 1935 to 2002. In the early 1930s, Otter Cliffs Radio Station on Mount Desert Island was falling apart. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. developing the infrastructure of Acadia National Park, sought to locate the park's main loop road through the Otter Cliffs area. The Navy was willing to meet Rockefeller halfway on the removal of the radio station from Otter Cliffs, agreeing to relocate if a suitable site could be found on the coast within 50 miles of Otter Cliffs. Big Moose Island, at the tip of Schoodic Peninsula about 5 miles across the mouth of Frenchman Bay from Otter Cliffs, was determined to be an ideal location for the relocated radio station, agreement was reached between the Navy, Interior Department, Rockefeller for the relocation. Rockefeller, wishing the station's buildings to be compatible with others designed for the park, retained Grosvenor Atterbury, the New York architect who designed the park's gatehouses, to come up with plans for the radio station.
Atterbury's plan for the new station included a beautiful residence hall similar to Mr. Rockefeller's residence at Seal Harbor. Artisans from all over the world contributed to the project; this building, the adjacent power station, designed by Atterbury, were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013. On 28 February 1935, the U. S. Navy Radio and Direction Finding Station Winter Harbor was commissioned with Chief Radioman Max Gunn in charge of a complement of 11 personnel; the station's name has changed several times over the years. In 1944, it was changed to Supplementary Radio Station, U. S. Naval Radio Station Winter Harbor. In 1950, it became known as U. S. Naval Radio Station; the present station name, Naval Security Group Activity, Winter Harbor, became official on 9 June 1958. In 2001, the base transitioned from an operational posture to focusing on the closure process, with the ultimate goal of transferring the Schoodic parcel to the National Park Service; the last System Maintenance Training Course graduated in July 2001.
The AN/FRD-10 Wullenweber Antenna and Classic Wizard antennas came down in August. The last service was held at the Chapel 2 September 2001, the Foc'sle Galley served its last meal on 28 September 2001. After the base was closed in 2002, the National Park Service acquired the land and established the Schoodic Education and Research Center; the SERC campus is managed by the nonprofit Schoodic Institute and the NPS in a public-private partnership as one of 19 NPS research learning centers in the country. The center is dedicated to supporting scientific research in the park, providing professional development for teachers, educating students who will become the next generation of park stewards. Radio Direction Finding Station:CRM M. C. Gunn, CRM O. C. Coonce, CRM F. L. Freeman, CRM J. W. Pearson, CRM/LTJG M. C. Gunn, LTJG L. A. Lankford Supplementary Naval Station:LTJG H. I. Maltz, CRE L. A. Newbury, LTJG M. C. Gunn, LTJG C. M. Smith, LCDR H. L. Kisner Naval Radio Station:LCDR F. V. Mason, CDR K. B.
Kohler, CDR S. E. Hazelett, LCDR I. E. Willis, LCDR M. C. Morris, LCDR J. L. Koon Naval Group Support Activity:LCDR J. L. Koon, CDR T. J. Quick, CDR C. G. Lawrence, CDR S. T. Faulkner, CDR T. F. Hahn, CDR H. J. Davis, CDR J. F. WIlliamson, LCDR D. K. Layman, CDR G. C. Lawrence Montgomery Jr. CAPT J. D. Wood Jr. CAPT A. D. McEachen III, CAPT M. J. Whelan Jr. CAPT R. K. Lunde, CAPT T. F. Stevens, CAPT E. R. Dittmer, CAPT H. W. Whiton, CAPT J. T. Mitchell, CDR E. J. Kurzanski, CDR S. K. Tucker, CDR M. S. Rogers, CDR E. F. Williamson, CDR J. W. Guest National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Maine National Register of Historic Places listings in Acadia National Park