Maude (TV series)
Maude is an American sitcom, broadcast on the CBS network from September 12, 1972, until April 22, 1978. Maude stars Beatrice Arthur as Maude Findlay, an outspoken, middle-aged, politically liberal woman living in suburban Tuckahoe, Westchester County, New York, with her fourth husband, household appliance store owner Walter Findlay. Maude embraces the tenets of women's liberation, always votes for Democratic Party candidates, advocates for civil rights and racial and gender equality. However, her overbearing and sometimes domineering personality gets her into trouble when speaking about these issues; the show was billed as the first spin-off of All in the Family, on which Beatrice Arthur had made two appearances in the character of Maude, Edith Bunker's cousin. Like All in the Family, Maude was a sitcom with topical storylines created by producers Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin. Unusual for a U. S. sitcom, several episodes featured only the characters of Maude and her husband Walter, in what amounted to half-hour "two-hander" teleplays.
Maude Findlay first appears in two season-two episodes of All in the Family: the first in December 1971 as a visitor to the Bunker home, the second, a backdoor pilot setting up the premise of the Maude series, in March 1972. She is Edith Bunker's cousin, married four times, her first husband, had died shortly after their marriage. Albert was never portrayed on screen, but the episode "Poor Albert" revolved around his death, while second former husband Chester would appear once on the show, her current husband, Walter Findlay, owns. Maude and Walter met just before the 1968 presidential election. Maude sometimes gets in the last word during their many arguments with her hallmark catchphrase, "God'll get you for that, Walter", which came directly from Bea Arthur. Maude's deep, raspy voice is an occasional comic foil whenever she answers the phone and explaining in one episode, "No, this is not Mr. Findlay. Mr. Findlay has a much higher voice." Maude's daughter, Carol Traynor, is divorced and has one child, like Maude.
Carol and her son, live with the Findlays. Though single, Carol maintains her reputation of dating many men, she dates various men throughout early seasons forming a serious relationship with a man named Chris. Like her mother, Carol is an outspoken liberal feminist, not afraid to speak her mind, though they clash. There are conflicting accounts as to whether Carol's father was Maude's second husband; the Findlays' next-door neighbors are Dr. Arthur Harmon, a stuffy, sardonic Republican and foil for Maude played by Conrad Bain and his sweet but scatterbrained second wife Vivian, played by Rue McClanahan, who confirmed in an interview with the Archive of American Television that she was approached by Norman Lear during the taping of the All in the Family episode "The Bunkers and the Swingers" to take on the role as a late replacement for Doris Roberts, intended for the part. Arthur has been Walter's best friend since the two men served together in World War II. Vivian has been Maude's best friend.
At the beginning of the series, Arthur is a widower. Vivian was introduced in a guest appearance, she got involved with Arthur as a divorcée. For the entire run of the show, Maude has a housekeeper. At the beginning of the series, the Findlays hire Florida Evans, a no-nonsense black woman who has the last laugh at Maude's expense. Maude makes a point of conspicuously and awkwardly demonstrating how open-minded and liberal she is. Despite Florida's status as a maid, Maude emphasizes to Florida that they are "equals," and insists she enter and exit the Findlay house via the front door; as portrayed by Esther Rolle, the character of Florida was so popular that, in 1974, she became the star of her own series, entitled Good Times. In the storyline of Maude, Florida's husband Henry receives a promotion at his job, she quits to be a full-time housewife. While Maude took place in New York, the setting for Good Times was Chicago, with numerous other differences in Florida's situation, such as her husband being called James Evans-'Henry' being the name of James's long lost father.
After Florida's departure in 1974, Mrs. Nell Naugatuck, an elderly British woman who drinks excessively and lies compulsively, assumes the role of housekeeper. Unlike Florida, who commuted to work, Mrs. Naugatuck is a live-in maid, she meets and begins dating Bert Beasley in 1975. They move to Ireland to care for Bert's mother. Mrs. Naugatuck's frequent sparring with Maude is, just as comedically popular as Florida's sparring; the difference in the two relationships was that Mrs. Naugatuck seems to despise Maude Findlay, whereas Florida seems only periodically frustrated by her boss. Lear said the last name'Naugatuck' was directly taken from the town of Naugatuck
Fay (TV series)
Fay is an American sitcom starring Lee Grant as the title character. The series aired on NBC from September 1975 to June 1976. Grant stars as Fay Stewart, a divorced woman in her 40s who after 25 years of marriage to attorney Jack Stewart starts a new job and begins dating; the show first aired on September 4, 1975, was pulled after the October 23 airing. It returned for two more episodes on June 2, 1976, for a total of ten episodes. Four of them were re-edited into an overseas theatrical feature, Man Trouble included in a syndicated package of other MCA/Universal "movies" stitched together from their various short-lived TV series; the series is best known for Lee Grant lashing out at NBC brass on The Tonight Show for the network's quick cancellation of the series. Grant was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series but lost out to Mary Tyler Moore. Lee Grant as Fay Stewart Joe Silver as Jack Stewart Margaret Willock as Linda Stewart Baines Bill Gerber as Danny Messina Stewart Moss as Elliott Baines Norman Alden as Al Cassidy Audra Lindley as Lillian * Unknown Fay at epguides.com Fay on IMDb Fay at TV.com
Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings was a Canadian-American journalist who served as the sole anchor of ABC World News Tonight from 1983 until his death from lung cancer in 2005. Despite dropping out of high school, he transformed himself into one of American television's most prominent journalists. Jennings started his career early, he began his professional career with CJOH-TV in Ottawa during its early years, anchoring the local newscasts and hosting a teen dance show, Saturday Date, on Saturdays. In 1965, ABC News tapped him to anchor its flagship evening news program, his inexperience was attacked by critics and others in television news, making for a difficult first stint in the anchor chair. Jennings became a foreign correspondent in 1968, he returned as one of World News Tonight's three anchors in 1978, was promoted to sole anchor in 1983. Jennings was known for his marathon coverage of breaking news stories, staying on the air for 15 or more hours straight to anchor the live broadcast of events such as the Gulf War in 1991, the Millennium celebrations in 2000, the September 11 attacks in 2001.
In addition to anchoring, he was the host of many ABC News special reports and moderated several American presidential debates. Jennings was always fascinated with the United States and became a naturalized United States citizen in 2003. Along with Tom Brokaw of NBC and Dan Rather of CBS, Jennings formed part of the "Big Three" news anchors who dominated American evening network news from the early 1980s until his death in 2005, which followed the retirements of Brokaw in 2004 and Rather in 2005. Jennings was born on July 29, 1938, in Toronto, Canada. Peter Jennings started his broadcasting career at the age of nine, hosting Peter's People, a half-hour, Saturday morning, CBC Radio show for kids, his father was on a business trip to the Middle East. When Jennings was 11 he began attending Trinity College School in Port Hope, where he excelled in sports. After the CBC moved his father to its Ottawa headquarters in the early 1950s, Jennings transferred to Lisgar Collegiate Institute, he struggled academically, Jennings surmised that it was out of "pure boredom" that he failed 10th grade and dropped out.
"I loved girls," he said. "I loved comic books. And for reasons I don't understand, I was pretty lazy." Jennings briefly attended Carleton University, where he says he "lasted about 10 minutes" before dropping out. He attended the University of Ottawa. Although Jennings dreamed of following in his father's footsteps in broadcasting, his first job was as a bank teller for the Royal Bank of Canada, he had hoped. During this time, he explored acting by appearing in several amateur musical productions with the Orpheus Musical Theatre Society, including Damn Yankees and South Pacific, it was in Brockville. In 1959, CFJR, a local radio station, hired him as a member of its news department. By 1961, Jennings had joined the staff of CJOH-TV a new television station in Ottawa; when the station launched in March 1961, Jennings was an interviewer and co-producer for Vue, a late-night news program. His producers saw a youthful attractiveness in him that resembled that of Dick Clark, Jennings soon found himself hosting Club Thirteen, a dance show similar to American Bandstand.
The next year, CTV, Canada's first private TV network and a fledgling competitor of his father's network, hired the 24-year-old Jennings as co-anchor of its late-night national newscast. While reporting for CTV, he was the first Canadian journalist to arrive in Dallas after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. In 1964, CTV sent Jennings to cover the Democratic National Convention in New Jersey. There, he ran into Elmer Lower president of ABC News, who offered him a job as a correspondent for the American network, an opportunity Jennings rejected. "The job was pretty intimidating for a guy like me in a tiny city in Canada," Jennings recalled. "I thought, What if I screw up? What if I fail?" Three months though, he changed his mind and moved to the United States. Jennings started reporting for ABC at its New York news bureau. At the time, ABC lagged behind the more established news divisions of NBC and CBS, the network was trying to attract younger viewers. On February 1, 1965, ABC plucked the fresh-faced Canadian from the field and placed him at the anchor desk of Peter Jennings With the News a 15-minute nightly newscast.
He replaced a fellow Canadian. At 26, Jennings was, remains, the youngest-ever U. S. network news anchor. "ABC was in bad shape at the time," Jennings said. "They were willing to try anything, and, to demonstrate the point, they tried me."An inexperienced Jennings had a hard time keeping up with his rivals at the other networks, he – and the upstart ABC News – could not compete with the venerable newscasts of Walter Cronkite at CBS and Chet Huntley and David Brinkley at NBC. Some in the American audience disliked Jennings' Canadian accent, he pronounced lieutenant as "le
The Golden Palace
The Golden Palace is an American sitcom produced as a spin-off continuation of The Golden Girls that aired on CBS from September 18, 1992, to May 14, 1993, with reruns airing until August 6, 1993. While not as popular as its predecessor, the series produced a total of 24 half-hour episodes spanning over one season. CBS cancelled the program in 1993; the Golden Palace begins. With Dorothy Zbornak having married and left in the previous series finale, the three remaining roommates decide to invest in a Miami hotel, up for sale; the hotel, however, is revealed to have been stripped of all of its personnel in an effort to appear more profitable, leaving only two employees: Roland Wilson, the hotel's manager, Chuy Castillos, the hotel's chef. This requires the women to perform all the tasks of the hotel's staff; the series focused on the interactions between guests at the hotel and the hotel's staff, as well as between the Golden Girls and the previous hotel staff. Guest stars were frequent, including recurring characters that had appeared on The Golden Girls, such as Debra Engle and Harold Gould as Rebecca Devereaux and Miles Webber, other celebrities.
Bea Arthur reprised her Dorothy Zbornak role for a two-part storyline in which she visits the hotel to check up on her mother. Following the cancellation of the series, Sophia returns to the rebuilt Shady Pines retirement home, appearing as a cast member in the seasons of Empty Nest. What became of Rose and the hotel is left unresolved; the Golden Palace aired on CBS, changing networks from NBC, which had aired The Golden Girls on Saturday nights for its entire run. Susan Harris, Paul Junger Witt, Tony Thomas all pitched their Golden Girls successor series to NBC in early 1992, as a way to continue the saga of Blanche and Sophia after Bea Arthur's departure from the role of Dorothy. NBC entertainment chief Warren Littlefield committed to airing The Golden Palace, with a 13-episode order for the 1992–93 season. However, CBS soon entered the picture and fueled a bidding war for the new series, offering a full season order. Witt and Harris tried to get Littlefield to improve his NBC deal, but he refused to extend his episode order, citing that the declining ratings of The Golden Girls in its seventh season made it risky to give the spin-off a longer commitment.
The producers thus went with CBS, which agreed to market The Golden Palace as a show with its own voice separate from that of its parent show. CBS used The Golden Palace as one of four comedies assembled on Friday night in an effort to combat ABC's TGIF comedy block; the premiere garnered solid ratings, the show won its timeslot for its first few weeks, but viewership fell for the entire block as the season progressed. CBS had scheduled the show for a second season, but cancelled the show the night before they announced their 1993 fall schedule; the only one of the four aforementioned shows to get picked up for the 1993–94 season was Bob, which hired Betty White to join its revamped cast. Twenty-four episodes of The Golden Palace were produced. British comedian Alexei Sayle was hired for the series in the role of the hotel's chef, to be portrayed as Eastern European. Sayle was replaced by Cheech Marin. Syndication of the series is handled by Disney–ABC Domestic Television. Although the series has never been syndicated as a stand-alone series, during the time it owned the rights to The Golden Girls, carried The Golden Palace on several occasions, running the series in rotation as a de facto eighth season of The Golden Girls.
Betty White as Rose Nylund is a jack-of-all-trades in the hotel. This series has Rose being of a notably stronger will than her previous incarnation. Rue McClanahan as Blanche Devereaux served as the main operator of the hotel, her character traits her promiscuity and vanity, are toned down in this series, although she retains her Southern charm and chipper demeanor. Estelle Getty as Sophia Petrillo is the hotel's 87-year-old co-chef. In this series, her character is beginning to show signs of senile dementia, is somewhat kinder and gentler than in the original series. Don Cheadle as Roland Wilson is a straight man to the rest of the cast, he is one of only two staff members retained from the previous ownership. Cheech Marin as Chuy Castillos, is the other co-chef, the other staff member held on from the previous ownership, he nearly quits after getting into a fight with Sophia over Italian vs. Mexican food, but comes back and remains with the staff for the rest of the series run. Billy L. Sullivan as Oliver Webb is Roland's foster child for episodes one to six and fourteen.
A streetwise, arrogant preteen, Oliver was written out of the series early on, with the character's birth mother retaking custody of him in episode 14. The Golden Palace on IMDb The Golden Palace at T
Samuel Benjamin Harris is an American neuroscientist, author, critic of religion, public intellectual, podcast host. His work touches on a wide range of topics, including rationality, free will, meditation, philosophy of mind, Islam and artificial intelligence, he is described as one of the atheistic "Four Horsemen of the Non-Apocalypse", along with Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens and Daniel Dennett. Harris's first book, The End of Faith, won the PEN/Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction and remained on The New York Times Best Seller list for 33 weeks. In The Moral Landscape, he argues that science can aid human well-being, he published a longform essay Lying in 2011, the short book Free Will in 2012, Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion in 2014, with British writer Maajid Nawaz and the Future of Tolerance: A Dialogue in 2015. Harris' work has been translated into over 20 languages. In September 2013, Harris began releasing the Making Sense podcast, in which he interviews guests, responds to critics, discusses his views.
Harris was born on April 9, 1967, in Los Angeles, the son of actor Berkeley Harris and TV producer Susan Harris, who created The Golden Girls. His father came from a Quaker background and his mother is Jewish but not religious, he was raised by his mother following his parents' divorce. Harris has stated that his upbringing was secular, his parents discussed religion, though it was always a subject that interested him. While a student at Stanford University, Harris experimented with MDMA, has written and spoken about the insights he experienced under its influence. Though his original major was in English, he became interested in philosophical questions while at Stanford University after an experience with the empathogen–entactogen MDMA; the experience led him to be interested in the idea that he might be able to achieve spiritual insights without the use of drugs. Leaving Stanford in his second year, a quarter after his psychedelic experience, he went to India and Nepal, where he studied meditation with teachers of Buddhist and Hindu religions, including Dilgo Khyentse.
Eleven years in 1997, he returned to Stanford, completing a B. A. degree in philosophy in 2000. Harris began writing his first book, The End of Faith after the September 11 attacks, he received a Ph. D. degree in cognitive neuroscience in 2009 from the University of California, Los Angeles, using functional magnetic resonance imaging to conduct research into the neural basis of belief and uncertainty. His thesis was titled The moral landscape: How science could determine human values, his advisor was Mark S. Cohen. Harris states that religion contains bad ideas, calling it "one of the most perverse misuses of intelligence we have devised", he compares modern religious beliefs to the myths of the Ancient Greeks, which were once accepted as fact but which are obsolete today. In a January 2007 interview with PBS, Harris said, "We don't have a word for not believing in Zeus, to say we are all atheists in respect to Zeus, and we don't have a word for not being an astrologer." He goes on to say that the term atheist will be retired only when "we all just achieve a level of intellectual honesty where we are no longer going to pretend to be certain about things we are not certain about".
Harris advocates a benign, corrective form of intolerance, distinguishing it from historic religious persecution. He promotes a conversational intolerance, in which personal convictions are scaled against evidence, where intellectual honesty is demanded in religious views and non-religious views, he believes there is a need to counter inhibitions that prevent the open critique of religious ideas and practices under the auspices of "tolerance". He has stated that he has received death threats for some of his views on religion. Harris considers Islam to be "especially belligerent and inimical to the norms of civil discourse", relative to other world religions, he asserts that the "dogmatic commitment to using violence to defend one’s faith, both from within and without" to varying degrees, is a central Islamic doctrine, found in few other religions to the same degree, that "this difference has consequences in the real world."In 2006, after the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, Harris wrote, "The idea that Islam is a'peaceful religion hijacked by extremists' is a dangerous fantasy—and it is now a dangerous fantasy for Muslims to indulge.
It is not at all clear how we should proceed in our dialogue with the Muslim world, but deluding ourselves with euphemisms is not the answer. It now appears to be a truism in foreign policy circles that real reform in the Muslim world cannot be imposed from the outside, but it is important to recognize why this is so—it is so because the Muslim world is utterly deranged by its religious tribalism. In confronting the religious literalism and ignorance of the Muslim world, we must appreciate how terrifyingly isolated Muslims have become in intellectual terms." He states that his criticism of the religion is aimed not at Muslims as people, but at the doctrine of Islam. Harris wrote a response to controversy over his criticism of Islam, which aired on a debate hosted by The Huffington Post on whether critics of Islam are unfairly labeled as bigots: Is it true that the sins for which I hold Islam accountable are "committed at least to an equal extent by many other groups own"?... The freedom to poke fun at Mormonism is guaranteed by the fact that Mormons do
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Benson (TV series)
Benson is an American sitcom that aired on ABC from September 13, 1979 to April 19, 1986. The series was a spin-off of Soap in which the character Benson, portrayed by Robert Guillaume, first appeared as the wise-cracking yet level-headed African-American butler for the dysfunctional Tate family. However, Benson eschewed the soap opera format of its parent series for a more conventional sitcom structure, the lead character moved from his service position to a role as lieutenant governor; the series was created by Susan Harris, produced by Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions. In 1985, Guillaume won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series for his role in the series; the main character was Benson DuBois, hired to be the head of household affairs for scatterbrained and widowed Governor Eugene X. Gatling and his daughter Katie. Governor Gatling was a cousin of sisters Jessica Mary Campbell from Soap. Although the state of which Gatling was governor remained unidentified throughout the series, Soap was situated in Connecticut, the seal of the state of New York is visible when Benson wins the lieutenant governorship.
The series revolved around Benson's housekeeping dilemmas, his squabbles with German cook Gretchen Wilhemina Kraus and his interactions with John Taylor, who assisted Governor Gatling as chief of staff. After the first season, Taylor's job was filled by the pompous Clayton Endicott III. In spite of their adversarial relationship and Kraus became good friends. Benson had good friendships with the governor's secretary, Marcy Hill and her successor, Denise. Marcy left after her second-season wedding. Jerry Seinfeld played a small role as Frankie, a delivery boy and unsuccessful comedian, for three episodes in 1980. Denise and Pete Downey, the governor's press secretary and married, having a child in the show's fifth season. However, both were written out, with the reason given that Denise secured a job with NASA. Benson worked his way up the ladder during the series, going from head of household affairs to state budget director, was elevated to the position of lieutenant governor. During the final episodes of the 1985–86 season, Benson ran for governor against Gatling.
Kraus proved to be Benson's strongest supporter, he made her his personal assistant and campaign manager. The term-limited Governor Gatling ran for reelection as an independent candidate, with Benson securing the party nomination, setting the stage for the two to go head-to-head in the general election. At the end of the series' final episode and Gatling, who had strained relations due to the race, made peace with each other and watched the tight election returns together on television; as the broadcaster began to announce that a winner was at last being projected, the episode ended on a freeze frame of Benson and Gatling, leaving the series with an unresolved cliffhanger. Coincidentally, Guillaume's previous series, the one from which Benson spun off, was canceled with unresolved cliffhangers, though Guillaume had moved on to Benson by that point. In 2007, Benson showrunner Bob Fraser said that the season ended on a cliffhanger at the request of the network; the show was canceled. Fraser indicated that, had the show continued, Gatling would have won the election and Benson would have become a United States senator.
According to Gary Brown, who directed the finale and 20 other episodes of Benson, three outcomes were filmed, with Benson winning, Gatling winning, a tie. The intent was to decide over summer break. Brown stated that, regardless of the outcome, the long-term intent for the next season was for Benson to become the governor. Robert Guillaume as Benson DuBois, the main character, hired as head of household affairs for Governor Gatling and his daughter Katie. Quick-witted and quick-thinking, Benson has helped the governor on several issues, bailing him out of tight political and public situations. James Noble as Eugene X. Gatling, the widowed and scatterbrained governor. Gatling had a penchant for telling off-the-wall stories. Missy Gold as Katie Gatling, the governor's pre-teen daughter. Inga Swenson as Gretchen Kraus, the governor's chef. A fiercely proud German immigrant, she is at odds with Benson and trades insults with him. A running gag in the series was whenever she would walk out of the room, Under his breath, Benson would cast one last barb toward Kraus, to which she shouted from off-stage, "I He-e-e-ear You-u-u-u!".
Despite their rivalry and Kraus become close friends. She became Benson's strongest supporter when he ran for governor against Gatling. Lewis J. Stadlen as John Taylor, Governor Gatling's chief of staff. Caroline McWilliams as the governor's personal secretary. Unlucky in love, Marcy married toward the end of season 2. Didi Conn as Denise Stevens, Marcy's replacement Ethan Phillips as Pete Downey, Gatling's press secretary. René Auberjonois as Clayton Endicott III. Clayton is s