"Mono Yia Mas" was the Cypriot entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996, performed in Greek by Constantinos. The song was performed fifth on the night, following Portugal's Lúcia Moniz with "O meu coração não tem cor" and preceding Malta's Miriam Christine with "In A Woman's Heart". At the close of voting, it had received 72 points, placing 9th in a field of 23; the song features Christoforou telling his lover that the night exists "only for us". Christoforou would appear as part of One with "Gimme" and at the 2005 Contest performing Ela Ela solo. Thus, this performance was the first "leg" in the rare sequence of a contestant making a solo appearance, an appearance as a member of a group and a further solo appearance, it was succeeded as Cypriot representative at the 1997 Contest by Hara & Andreas Konstantinou with "Mana Mou"
In economics, a government-granted monopoly and the monopoly to be served under government is a form of coercive monopoly by which a government grants exclusive privilege to a private individual or firm to be the sole provider of a good or service. As a form of coercive monopoly, government-granted monopoly is contrasted with a coercive monopoly or an efficiency monopoly, where there is no competition but it is not forcibly excluded. Amongst forms of coercive monopoly it is distinguished from government monopoly or state monopoly and from government-sponsored cartels. Advocates for government-granted monopolies claim that they ensure a degree of public control over essential industries, without having those industries run by the state. Opponents criticize them as political favors to corporations. Government-granted monopolies may be opposed by those who would prefer free markets as well as by those who would prefer to replace private corporations with public ownership. Under mercantilist economic systems, European governments with colonial interests granted large and lucrative monopolies to companies trading in particular regions, such as the Dutch East India Company.
Today, government-granted monopolies may be found in public utility services such as public roads, water supply, electric power, as well as certain specialized and regulated fields such as education and gambling. In many countries lucrative natural resources industries the petroleum industry, are controlled by government-granted monopolies. Franchises granted by governments to operate public transit through public roads are another example. A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state or national government to an inventor or his/her assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for a public disclosure of an invention; the procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee, the extent of the exclusive rights vary between countries according to national laws and international agreements. However, a patent application must include one or more claims defining the invention which must be new and useful or industrially applicable. In many countries, certain subject areas are excluded from patents, such as business methods and mental acts.
The exclusive right granted to a patentee in most countries is the right to prevent others from making, selling, or distributing the patented invention without permission. Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution; this is only for a limited time. The exclusive rights are not absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law, including fair use. A major limitation on copyright is that copyright protects only the original expression of ideas, not the underlying ideas themselves. A trademark or trade mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual, business organization, or other legal entity to identify that the products or services to consumers with which the trademark appears originate from a unique source, to distinguish its products or services from those of other entities. Trademarks can act as a form of consumer protection that lowers the transaction costs between a buyer and seller who are not acquainted.
Governments have granted monopolies to forms of copy prevention. In the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, for example, the proprietary Macrovision copy prevention technology is required for analog video recorders. Though other forms of copy prevention aren't prohibited, requiring Macrovision gives it a monopoly and prevents more effective copy prevention methods from being developed; the theory of rent seeking - that is, artificially created harmful competition for scarcity due to scarcity - can be caused by monopolies, foreign trade restrictions and state subsidies. Governments can create monopolies in order to reduce inefficiency of market as: scarcity of resources, reduced wealth-creation, lost government revenue, heightened income inequality, incomplete markets; the reason can be as economies of scale, as well as the government can use its power to gather influence on the market by regulation. Companies can cause rent seeking: a company has a monopoly power – there is no other competitor on the market – the company can limit the amount produced, so creating scarcity.
Therefore it can raise the price in principle, so it can earn more than its costs, or what other factors could make. While monopolies, for example, can be considered a market failure as prices rise and output falls, monopoly creation is not always a strict market phenomena. Costs of government policies sometimes exceed benefits; this may occur because of incentives facing voters, government officials, government employees, because of actions by special interest groups that can impose costs on the general public, or because social goals other than economic efficiency are being pursued. Government granted. A natural monopoly is; this is due to fixed costs and variable costs. If the fixed costs are high, it will result in it not being effective for more than one company on the market. For example, if we consider the electricity supply of a city, it is no