The Susu people spelled Soosoo, Soso, Sossé, Sousou, Susoo, Sussu, Suzée, or Soussou are a West African ethnic group, one of the Mandé peoples living in Guinea and Northwestern Sierra Leone in Kambia District. Influential in Guinea, smaller communities of Susu people are found in the neighboring Guinea-Bissau and Mali; the Susu are a patrilineal society, predominantly Muslim, who favor endogamous cross-cousin marriages with polygynous households common. They have a caste system like all Manding-speaking peoples of West Africa, where the artisans such as smiths, musicians and leatherworkers are separate castes, believed to have descended from the medieval era slavery, their language, called Sosoxui by native speakers, serves as a major trade language along the Guinean coast in its southwest, including the capital city of Conakry. It belongs to the Niger-Congo family of languages. In old Susu language, "Guinea" means woman and this is the derivation for the country's name; the Susu are descendants of their Manding ancestors.
They were once ruled by Sumanguru Kanté – a Susu leader, but thereafter they were ruled by the thirteenth century Mali Empire. In the 15th century, they moved to Fouta Jalon plateau of Guinea. Susu people were traditionally animist; the Fula people dominated the region from the Fouta Djallon. The Fulani created an Islamic theocracy, thereafter began slave raids as a part of Jihad that impacted many West African ethnic groups including the Susu people. In particular, states Ismail Rashid, the Jihad effort of Fulani elites starting in the 1720s theologically justified enslavement of the non-Islamic people and led to successful conversion of animist peoples to Islam; the political environment led the Susu people to convert to Islam in the 17th and 18th-century, along with further westward and southward migration towards the plains of Guinea. The colonial era Europeans arrived in the Guinea region of resident Susu people in late 18th-century for trade, but got politically involved during the era of Temne wars that attacked the Susu people along with other ethnic groups.
While Temne sought British support, the Susu sought the French. The region split, with Temne speaking Sierra Leone regions going with the British colonial empire and Susu speaking Guinea regions becoming a part of the French colonial empire in late 19th-century during the Scramble for Africa; the Susu live with their extended family. Polygyny is an accepted practice; this is not always practiced because having multiple wives requires more means. The men provide for their families by fishing, or engaging in commerce; the women take care of the children. They engage in a small commerce of vegetables they have raised in their own garden. Women will have their own room or hut next to their husband's lodging where they will stay with their children. Over 99% of Susu are Muslim, Islam dominates their religious culture and practices. Most Islamic holidays are observed, the most important being the celebration Ramadan; the Susu people, like other Manding-speaking peoples, have a caste system regionally referred to by terms such as Nyamakala and Galabbolalauba.
According to David Conrad and Barbara Frank, the terms and social categories in this caste-based social stratification system of Susu people shows cases of borrowing from Arabic only, but the likelihood is that these terms are linked to Latin, Greek or Aramaic. The artisans among Susu people such as smiths, carpenters and bards, jewelers and leatherworkers are separate castes; the Susu people believe. The Susu castes are not limited to Guinea, but are found in other regions where Susu people live, such as in Sierra Leone where too they are linked to the historic slavery system that existed in the region, states Daniel Harmon; the Susu castes in the regional Muslim communities were prevalent and recorded by sociologists in late 19th and early 20th centuries. Some Susu combine their Islamic faith with traditional beliefs, such as the existence of spirits who inhabit certain areas, the belief in sorcerers who have the power to change into animals, cast evil spells on people, or heal people from certain ailments.
The Susu are farmers, with rice and millet being their two principal crops. Mangoes and coconuts are grown; the women make various kinds of palm oil from palm nuts. Ancient Susu houses were made of either mud or cement blocks, depending on the resources available. Lansana Conté, former president of Guinea from 1984 to 2008 Kandeh Yumkella, Sierra Leonean politician Dala Modu Dumbuya, was an important Sierra Leonean Susu trader during colonial era Ibrahima Kassory Fofana, former Finance minister of Guinea Sekou Mouké Yansané, Ambassador-Diplomat to the United Nations, Governor Arafan Camara, former Guinean defense minister Eugène Camara, former prime minister of Guinea Issiaga Sylla, Guinean footballer Souleymane Youla, Guinean footballer Fodé Mansaré, Guinean footballer Henri Camara, Senegalese footballer Kémoko Camara, Guinean footballer Ismaël Bangoura, Guinean footballer Ibrahima Camara, Guinean footballer Bouba Menguè, Guinean musician Maciré Sylla, Guinean musician Sory Dondo Touré, Guinean musicianPrince Modupe, Guinean actor, Hollywood technical advisor on Africa and author of the autobiography, A Royal African
Ravulya Nunatak is the rocky hill of elevation 1390 m projecting from the ice cap in the northern periphery of Sentinel Range in Ellsworth Mountains, Antarctica. It is named after Golyama Ravulya Peak in Lozen Mountain, Bulgaria. Ravulya Nunatak is located at 77°13′32.2″S 86°21′25″W, 13.88 km north of Mount Holmboe and 11 km northwest of Lanz Peak. US mapping in 1961. Newcomer Glacier. Scale 1:250 000 topographic map. Reston, Virginia: US Geological Survey, 1961. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 updated. Ravulya Nunatak. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Ravulya Nunatak. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission
Jouji Shibue is a Japanese model and actor. His first major acting role was as Mamoru Chiba in the live action Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon. After finishing PGSM, Shibue has appeared in Kamen Rider Hibiki as Iori Izumi reprising his role for the world of Hibiki in Kamen Rider Decade, he had a role in Rina Aiuchi's music video "Full Jump" and does commercials for "NTT Docomo Chūgoku" and "AU." Jouji has modeled for "Hotdog Press" and "Junon". 2003-2004: Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon – Mamoru Chiba/Tuxedo Kamen/Prince Endymion 2005-2006: Kamen Rider Hibiki – Ibuki / Kamen Rider Ibuki 2006: Yoruō 〜 YAOH 〜 – host club role of "gorgeous" 2006: Tōbō-sha Orin – Shinpachi 2007: Ai no gekijō: Sand Chronicles – Tsukishima Fuji 2007: Ai no gekijō: Ainōta! – Kimura Akira 2007: Sexy Voice and Robo Hayashi Kazumi no atarashī kare 2007: Hotaru no Hikari – Tadokoro Junpei 2008: Binbō Danshi Bonbi Men – Sunakawa Takayuki 2008: Hisho no Kagami – Hoshino Satoru 2008: Monday Golden: Tsuwano Satsujin Jiken – Toki Tomoyoshi 2008: Monday Golden: Yamamura Misa Suspense: Sen no Rikyu Nazo no Satsujin Jiken – Sakai Toshiki 2008: Aishu No Romera – Kogure Satoru 2009: O cha-beri – Kōsaka Junichi 2009: Kamen Rider Decade – Ibuki / Kamen Rider Ibuki 2009: LOVE GAME – host/ Hatano Ryūji 2009: Oretachi wa Tenshi da!
NO ANGEL NO LUCK! – CAP/ Inui Kyōsuke 2010: Doyō Jidaigeki: Katsura Chidzuru Shinsatsu Nichiroku – Shōza 2010: Saturday Wide Theater: Jinrui gakusha: Misaki Kumiko no satsujin kantei shirīzu Sunahama o samayō hakkotsu shitai! – Naoki Moriya 2010: Saturday Wide Theater: Nishimura Kyōtarō Travel Mystery 54 Izu noumi ni kieta on'na- Osamu Sakai 2010: Yamamura Misa Suspense: Kyouto Genjimonogatari Satsujin Emaki – Yamada Takashi 2011: Saturday Wide Theater: Jinrui gakusha: Misaki Kumiko no satsujin kantei shirīzu Shisha o yomigaera seru wain no nazo!? – Moriya Naoki 2011: Shin Keishichō sōsaikka 9 kakari season3 Episode 2 – Ichiro Saito 2011: Doku hime to watashi – Nakagawa Tetsuya 2011: Ranma ½ – Kamaitachi 2012: Saturday Wide Theater: Nishimura Kyōtarō Travel Mystery 58 Yamagata shinkansen Tsubasa 129-gō no on'na! – Kinoshita Naoya 2012: Shirato Osamu no Jikenbo Fifth and sixth story – Mizusawa Tetsurō 2012: Deka Kurokawa Suzuki – Inoue Shinichirō 2012: Asadora: Umechan Sensei – Tsuda 2012: Tsugunai – Kawaji Tatsurō 2013: Saturday Wide Theater: Yamagata shinkansen Tsubasa 129-gō no on'na!
– Adachi detective 2013: Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger – Nakazato Hiroshi 2019: Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger – Master Blue 2005: Kamen Rider Hibiki & The Seven Senki – Ibuki/ Kamen Rider Ibuki 2007: Callaway – Makoto 2010: Kurosawa Eiga – Shibue Joji 2010: Gachiban MAX Ⅱ – host role 2010: Kimi e no Melody – Kiriya Tsuyoshi 2011: Furusato ga Eri – Aida Kanji 2011: Akita Ōdate chiiki eiga Hana bāchan!! 〜 Watashi no yama no kamisama 〜 – Tokoro Kazushi 2006: TEAM Happō・B・ZIN "Majiyo!" – Tsubaki 2009: Kaze ga Tsuyoku Fuiteiru – Sugiyama Takashi 2009: Oretachi wa Tenshi da! No Angel No Luck 〜 chikyū metsubō 30-bu mae! – CAP/Inui Kyōsuke Jyoji Shibue at CANDID Talent agency Jouji Shibue at Yaplog Jouji Shibue on IMDb