San Francisco Chronicle
It was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. The paper is owned by the Hearst Corporation, which bought it from the de Young family in 2000. The paper benefited from the growth of San Francisco and was the largest circulation newspaper on the West Coast of the United States by 1880. Like many other newspapers, it has experienced a fall in circulation in the early 21st century. The newspaper publishes two web sites, SFGate, which has a mixture of news and web features. Between World War II and 1971, new editor Scott Josephine Newhall took a bold, the newspaper grew in circulation to become the citys largest, overtaking the rival San Francisco Examiner. The demise of other San Francisco dailies through the late 1950s and early 1960s left the Examiner, from 1965 on the two papers shared a single classified-advertising operation. This arrangement stayed in place until the Hearst Corporation took full control of the Chronicle, beginning in the early 1990s, the Chronicle started to face competition beyond the borders of San Francisco.
The Chronicle launched five zoned sections to appear in the Friday edition of the paper, the sections covered San Francisco, and four different suburban areas. They each featured a unique columnist, enterprise pieces and local news specific to the community, the newspaper added 40 full-time staff positions to work in the suburban bureaus. The de Young family controlled the paper, via the Chronicle Publishing Company, until July 27,2000, following the sale, the Hearst Corporation transferred the Examiner to the Fang family, publisher of the San Francisco Independent and AsianWeek, along with a $66-million subsidy. Under the new owners, the Examiner became a free tabloid, in 1949, the de Young family founded KRON-TV, the Bay Areas third television station. Until the mid-1960s, the station, operated from the basement of the Chronicle Building, KRON moved to studios at 1001 Van Ness Avenue. The frequent bold-faced, all-capital-letter headlines typical of the Chronicles front page were eliminated, editor Ward Bushees note heralded the issue as the start of a new era for the Chronicle.
On July 6,2009, the paper unveiled some alterations to the new design that included yet newer section fronts and wider use of color photographs and graphics. In a special section publisher Frank J. Vega described new, the newer look was accompanied by a reduction in size of the broadsheet. On November 9,2009, the Chronicle became the first newspaper in the nation to print on high-quality glossy paper, the high-gloss paper is used for some section fronts and inside pages. As of 2013 the publisher of the Chronicle is Jeffrey Johnson, audrey Cooper was named editor-in-chief in January 2015 and is the first woman to hold the position
San Jose, California
San Jose, officially the City of San José, is the economic and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2015 population of 1,026,908, it is the third most populous city in California and the tenth most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the shore of San Francisco Bay. San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California. San Jose is the largest city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Ohlone people, San Jose was founded on November 29,1777, as the Pueblo of San José de Guadalupe, the first civilian town founded in Spanish Alta California. When California gained statehood in 1850, San Jose became the states first capital, following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 60s.
The rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from a center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U. S. Census indicated that San Jose had officially surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California, by the 1990s, San Jose and the rest of Silicon Valley had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries. San Jose is considered to be a city, notable for its affluence. San Joses location within the high tech industry, as a cultural, political. San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States and the world, and has the third highest GDP per capita in the world, according to the Brookings Institute. Major global tech companies including Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Systems, PayPal, Samsung, Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by several groups of Ohlone Native Americans. The first lasting European presence began with a series of Franciscan missions established from 1769 by Junípero Serra, San Jose came under Mexican rule in 1821 after Mexico broke with the Spanish crown.
It became part of the United States, after it capitulated in 1846, on March 27,1850, San Jose became the second incorporated city in the state, with Josiah Belden its first mayor. San Jose was Californias first state capital, and hosted the first, today the Circle of Palms Plaza in downtown is the historical marker for the first state capital. The city was a station on the Butterfield Overland Mail route, in the period 1900 through 1910, San Jose served as a center for pioneering invention and impact in both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air flight. These activities were led principally by John Montgomery and his peers, the City of San Jose has established Montgomery Park, a Monument at San Felipe and Yerba Buena Roads, and John J. Montgomery Elementary School in his honor
Monument Peak (Milpitas, California)
Monument Peak is a mountain peak located southeast of Fremont and northeast of Milpitas, in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in California. The mountain is part of a ridge in the Diablo Range that includes Mount Allison and Mission Peak and it can be reached via a gated road, or via trails from Ed R. Levin County Park in Santa Clara County, or Mission Peak Park in Alameda County. Built on July 1,1988, an antenna on Monument Peak broadcasts channels 36 and 54 and it is a free-standing structure 605.2 feet above ground level. In the image above, the Monument Peak antenna is the tallest one seen, the peak is the point directly right of the antenna. The antenna to the far left is on Mount Allison, there are other Monument Peaks in California, Monument Peak in Riverside County, in the Temescal Mountains. Monument Peak in San Diego County,6,200 ft. in elevation, Monument Peak in San Bernardino County, a distinctive spire 2379 ft. in elevation, the northernmost point on the Colorado River Indian Reservation
KOFY-TV, virtual channel 20, is an independent television station located in San Francisco, United States. The station is owned by Granite Broadcasting, KOFY maintains studios located on Marin Street in the Bernal Heights neighborhood of San Francisco, and its transmitter is located atop the Sutro Tower. The stations signal is relayed on translator station, K29DF. Originally designated as KBAY-TV, the permit for the station went through many owners from the 1950s onward. The KEMO call letters were assigned to U. S. Communications. It was seemingly off the air more than it was on, KEMO offered Japanese live-action and cartoons dubbed into English including Speed Racer, Ultraman,8 Man, Prince Planet, Johnny Cypher in Dimension Zero and The King Kong Show. Leon Crosbys KEMO signed off on September 30,1980, most memorable were the station identification breaks featuring pets, usually dogs, of Bay Area viewers that would look on cue at a television screen showing the stations logo. These IDs were retired in 1998, having aired alongside official WB-issued KOFY IDs for the first three years of the networks existence, other popular programming during the early and mid-1980s included the TV-20 Dance Party, and a Sunday late-night movie program.
The Sunday program included studio segments at the beginning and commercial breaks of the movie, hosted by Gabbert, viewers were invited to join Gabbert on the set and for a time, enjoy a sponsors product. On March 1,1986, the changed its call letters to KOFY-TV. Gabbert sold KOFY radio in 1997 to Susquehanna Radio Corporation which changed the format from Spanish music to a talk format complementing its existing sports station. At one point, Gabbert made Bay Area broadcasting history by televising a 3D movie that required special glasses, KOFY-TV continued to run a general entertainment format, and added more cartoons in the late 1980s. Beginning in September 1987, the station filled the 7 to 11 p. m. timeslot with drama series such as Perry Mason, Lou Grant, from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s, KOFY featured an in-studio, live kids cartoon show called Cartoon Classics. Hosted by Maestro Dick Bright, the show offered such cartoons as Mighty Mouse, Bugs Bunny and Jerry, the show frequently featured local magician Magic Mike performing for the studio children.
Finally the live-action in-studio segment was scrapped and the show just showed the cartoons straight, afternoon cartoon shows such as these eventually became a thing of the past as cable television was able to feature round-the-clock cartoons aimed at younger viewers. KOFY added more sitcoms in the early 1990s, the CBS game show Tattletales was picked up for the KEMO schedule during the mid-1970s among its foreign language-heavy programming when KPIX did not carry its CBS feed. On Christmas Eve, Gabbert would preempt normal programming during the evening and broadcast its own version of the Yule Log. In the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, the station ran a dance party hosted by James Gabbert
Loma Prieta is a 3,790 feet Northern California mountain in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The peak is on private property about 11 miles west of Morgan Hill in Santa Clara County, the dirt road to the summit is gated, but the tower maintainers generally do not mind hikers. A rural area south and east of the summit is referred to as Casa Loma. The name is unofficial, but its use is supported by the existence of a Casa Loma Volunteer Fire Department in the area, Loma Chiquita Road serves this general area near the Santa Cruz County line. From 1976 through 1990 amateur astronomer Donald Machholz set up his telescope an average of 120 times a year on the slope of this mountain to search for comets. From this site he discovered three new comets that bear his name, including Periodic Comet Machholz 1 96P/Machholz on May 12,1986, the first official West Coast Messier marathon was conducted from this site in March 1979. The epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake was near the mountain, the mountain was the longtime site for the transmitter tower of San Jose television station KNTV.
It moved its transmitter 83 kilometres northwest to San Bruno Mountain in September 2005, Loma Prieta is the tallest peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains and thus it is common to see snow on the mountain during the winter. List of summits of the San Francisco Bay Area Loma Prieta
American Broadcasting Company
The network is headquartered on Columbus Avenue and West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City. There are additional offices and production facilities elsewhere in New York City, as well as in Los Angeles and Burbank. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC originally launched on October 12,1943, as a radio network, separated from and serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, which had been purchased by Edward J. Noble. It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS, in the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that formerly operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, who had been the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop, in 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABCs assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company. The television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States, most Canadians have access to at least one U. S.
ABC News provides news and features content for radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies, the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting Company. The last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, in 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940. The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC Red or NBC Blue, at that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Once Mutuals appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, Edward John Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million.
Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, which was to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCCs approval, the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12,1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, both stations were managed by Don Searle, the vice-president of the Blue Networks West Coast division. The ABC Radio Network created its audience slowly, the network became known for such suspenseful dramas as Sherlock Holmes, Gang Busters and Counterspy, as well as several mid-afternoon youth-oriented programs. S. From Nazi Germany after its conquest, to pre-record its programming, while its radio network was undergoing reconstruction, ABC found it difficult to avoid falling behind on the new medium of television.
To ensure a space, in 1947, ABC submitted five applications for television station licenses, the ABC television network made its debut on April 19,1948, with WFIL-TV in Philadelphia becoming its first primary affiliate
Mount Allison is a peak of the Diablo Range, located in the East Bay southeast of Fremont, California. Mount Allison is part of a ridge that includes Mission Peak, unlike those other two peaks, Mount Allison is located on unincorporated private property owned by a broadcasting company. Owned by Communication and Control, Inc. a large free-standing broadcasting antenna on Mount Allison broadcasts two Spanish channels, channel 14 and channel 48, erected on February 25,1998, the antenna is 443 feet high and has three prongs at the top. Several smaller towers and dishes are present
KSTS, virtual channel 48, is a Telemundo owned-and-operated television station serving the San Francisco Bay Area that is licensed to San Jose, United States. The station is owned by the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal, the two stations share studios and offices located on North 1st Street in San Jose. KSTSs transmitter is located atop Mount Allison, the station first signed on the air on May 31,1981 as an independent station. It was owned by National Group Television, which was headed by N. J. Douglas, the station initially offered programming weekdays from 5 a. m. to 3 p. m. from the Financial News Network. The station branded under the slogan Your Computer Connection, KSTS was the only station to broadcast the introduction of Apples Macintosh personal computer at the companys 1984 Annual Shareholders Meeting. Beginning in the fall of 1981, KSTS carried the television service Star TV, featuring recent movies. By 1983, they were carrying subscription TV after 12 noon on weekends, by 1983, the off network shows were dropped for more brokered programming.
That year, the station ran various brokered programming weekends from 5 a. m. to noon, Financial News remained weekdays till 3 p. m. NightMusic premiered in August 1984, a three-hour weekly live show that featured music videos and comedy. Hosted by John Ward with co-host Brian Leonard NightMusic aired from 9PM to 12M every Saturday for a year, chris Isaak was a frequent guest and Translator once served as the house band. Jay Peterson was a staff announcer, in 1984, Star TV began winding down operations due to the fact cable penetration eliminated the need for Subscription TV over the air. By 1986, KSTS was running Spanish programming for half of its broadcast day on weekdays. Later that year the Financial News Network programming ended and the became the entire broadcast day. NetSpan was relaunched as Telemundo in mid-1987, by then, the station was running the networks programming about 16 hours a day. Telemundo bought the station that year, at which time KSTS began carrying Telemundo programming full-time.
Initially, KSTS was targeted at the San Jose/Silicon Valley region, the station moved into all-digital broadcast center housed alongside KNTV in 2004. The stations digital channel is multiplexed, KSTS has a Mobile DTV feed of subchannel 48.1, KSTS shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 48, on June 12,2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The stations digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 49, KSTS presently broadcasts five hours of locally produced newscasts each week. In 1988, KSTS launched its news department with the debut of a half-hour 6pm newscast, the program proved successful, which resulted in the station adding a half-hour 11pm newscast
Nexstar Media Group
Nexstar Media Group is a publicly traded American telecommunications company headquartered in Irving, Texas. The companys portfolio consists of 171 television stations across the U. S. most of whom are affiliates with the four major U. S. television networks located in small to medium-sized markets. It operates all of the owned by an affiliated company, Mission Broadcasting. Nexstar Media Group was founded as the Nexstar Broadcasting Group on June 17,1996, the first television station bought by Nexstar was WYOU in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Nexstar bought WYOU from Diversified Communications, the sale was completed on September 28 of that year. Nexstar promptly fired two beloved anchors and laid-off several long-term staff-members, Perry Sook promised that WYOU would be Nexstars flagship station and he kept an office right off the newsroom for many years. In one memorable moment in Sooks time there, the version of the Robert Mitchum movie The Big Sleep aired on a Sunday afternoon. The production staff was amused to see Sook running down the hallway from his office to the Master Control suite when full frontal nudity appeared on screen during the movie, in 1998, Nexstar purchased WBRE-TV in Wilkes-Barre, PA.
Because this was in the market as WYOU, WYOU was sold to Mission Broadcasting. This began the first ever Shared-services agreement between stations, wYOUs sales staff was kept in Scranton while the production and news operations were moved to WBREs offices in Wilkes-Barre. WYOUs staff who were not laid-off were fired by Nexstar, hired by Mission, Mission Broadcasting paid Nexstar to operate and control the production and news gathering operations while Mission kept the sales and management team. In 2003, Nexstar acquired Quorum Broadcasting, on March 20,2009, Nexstar operated television stations that were owned by Four Points Media Group and outsourcing agreement. In July 2012, Nexstar agreed to purchase 11 stations and Inergize Digital Media from Newport Television with two going to affiliate Mission Broadcasting. On September 16,2013, Nexstar announced that it would acquire WOI-DT, KCAU-TV, Nexstar immediately took over the stations operations through a time brokerage agreement. On March 5,2014, the Federal Communications Commission approved the sale of these stations to Nexstar outright, KCAU continues to use Citadels standardized news sets and logos.
On November 6,2013, Nexstar announced that it would purchase the Grant stations for $87.5 million. Due to Federal Communications Commission ownership regulations, one of the stations, KLJB, was spun off to Marshall Broadcasting, the sale was completed on December 1,2014. On March 13,2014, Nexstar announced that it would purchase Internet Broadcasting, the providers were merged to form Lakana, led by former ETG CEO Phillip Hyun
KTVU, channel 2, is an owned-and-operated television station of the Fox Broadcasting Company, licensed to Oakland, California, USA and serving the San Francisco Bay Area. KTVU is owned by the Fox Television Stations subsidiary of 21st Century Fox, the two stations share studio facilities at Jack London Square in downtown Oakland, KTVU maintains transmitter facilities at Sutro Tower in San Francisco. The station first signed on the air on March 3,1958, KTVUs operations were inaugurated with a special live telecast from its temporary studio facility at the former Paris Theatre in downtown Oakland. Channel 2 was the commercial television station to sign on in the Bay Area. During its first 15 years on the air, KTVUs transmitter facilities were based from a tower on San Bruno Mountain in northern San Mateo County. KTVU moved its facilities to the Sutro Tower, after the structure was completed in 1973. The Ingrim–Pabst–Pauley group attempted to sell KTVU to NBC in 1960, under Coxs stewardship, channel 2 became the leading independent station in the San Francisco–Oakland market and one of the top-rated independents in the Western United States.
KTVU retained this status even as competing independents on the UHF band signed on during the late 1960s, in the early 1960s, KTVU obtained the local broadcast rights to the Warner Bros. Pictures library, the films it broadcast from the studio consisted of those released during the 1950s, most being presented in color. Channel 2 was the first television station in the Bay Area to air such films as A Star Is Born, East of Eden, the station even televised the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film Hollywood Revue of 1929 with some of the original two-strip Technicolor sequences. Continuing into its early years as a Fox affiliate, KTVU frequently aired classic movies in the 8,00 p. m. time slot as well as on Sunday afternoons. Many of the films presented were prints restored by the editing department to eliminate color and splicing errors. It occasionally aired movies originally assigned an R rating for their release without editing for strong profanity, nudity or violence. In 1992, KTVU ran a version of the 1984 science fiction film Dune.
In 1977, KTVU was uplinked to satellite as a superstation, being carried primarily on systems operated by cable television provider and corporate cousin. KTVU carried programming from the Operation Prime Time programming service in 1978, the company formally announced the launch of the new network, the Fox Broadcasting Company, on May 7,1986. S. It was one of the few independents to affiliate with the network which broadcast on the VHF band and had a local news identity. KTVU officially joined Fox seven months on October 9,1986, in addition, Channel 2 began to air an afternoon cartoon block supplied by the network, Fox Kids, when the Monday through Saturday childrens lineup debuted in September 1990. m
Consortium is a Latin word, meaning partnership, association or society and derives from consors partner, itself from con- together and sors fate, meaning owner of means or comrade. The Big Ten Academic Alliance and Five Colleges, Inc. along with the Claremont Consortium are among the oldest and most successful higher education consortia in the United States. The Big Ten Academic Alliance, formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the participants in Five Colleges, Inc. are, Amherst College, Hampshire College, Mount Holyoke College, Smith College, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Another example of a successful consortium is the Five Colleges of Ohio of Ohio, Oberlin College, Ohio Wesleyan University, Kenyon College, College of Wooster and Denison University. These consortia have pooled the resources of their colleges and the universities to share human and material assets as well as to link academic. An example of a non-profit consortium is the Appalachian College Association located in Richmond, the association consists of 35 private liberal arts colleges and universities spread across the central Appalachian mountains in Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia.
Collectively these higher education institutions serve approximately 42,500 students, six research universities in the region are affiliated with the ACA. These institutions assist the ACA in reviewing grant and fellowship applications, conducting workshops, the ACA works to serve higher education in the rural regions of these five states. An example of a for-profit consortium is a group of banks that collaborate to make a loan—also known as a syndicate and this type of loan is more commonly known as a syndicated loan. In England it is common for a consortium to buy out financially struggling football clubs in order to them out of liquidation. Hulu, the American video streaming service, is owned by a consortium of media conglomerates including Time Warner, 21st Century Fox, Comcast. Airbus Industries was formed in 1970 as a consortium of aerospace manufacturers, the retention of production and engineering assets by the partner companies in effect made Airbus Industries a sales and marketing company.
This arrangement led to inefficiencies due to the inherent conflicts of interest that the four partner companies faced, the companies collaborated on development of the Airbus range, but guarded the financial details of their own production activities and sought to maximize the transfer prices of their sub-assemblies. In 2001, EADS and BAE Systems transferred their Airbus production assets to a new company, in return, they got 80% and 20% shares respectively. BAE would sell its share to EADS, coopetition is a word coined from cooperation and competition. It is used when companies otherwise competitors collaborate in a consortium to cooperate on areas non-strategic for their core businesses and they prefer to reduce their costs on these non-strategic areas and compete on other areas where they can differentiate better. For example, the GENIVI Alliance is a consortium between different car makers in order to ease building an in-vehicle infotainment system. Another example is the World Wide Web Consortium, which is a consortium that standardizes web technologies like HTML, XML, joint venture This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Charles, ed. passim