Swarga known as Swarga or Svarga Loka, is one of the seven higher lokas in Hindu cosmology. The seven lokas consist of Bhuloka, Bhuvar loka, Svarga loka, Janaloka, Satyaloka. While these seven lokas and seven patala lokas form 14 lokas of our Universe, beyond these 14 exist Goloka and such higher lokas of multiple Universes. Svarga Loka is a set of heavenly worlds located on and above Mt. Meru where the righteous live in paradise before their next incarnation. During each pralaya, the first three realms, Bhu loka, Bhuvar loka and Swarga loka are destroyed. Below the seven upper realms netherworld. Svarga is seen as a transitory place for righteous souls who have performed good deeds in their lives but are not yet ready to attain moksha, or elevation to Vaikunta, the abode of Lord Vishnu, considered to be the Supreme Abode (Rig Veda states, "Oṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramam padam sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ" "All the suras look toward the feet of Lord Vishnu as the Supreme Abode"The capital of Svarga is Amaravati and its entrance is guarded by Airavata.
Anna Glennon is an American professional watercraft racer. She is a World Champion and 8-time U. S. and Canadian National Champion. She is known by her nickname, Jet Girl 777. Glennon won her first National Championship during her first full season of racing in 2013, she is the only woman in IJSBA history to win the Men's Classic Two-Stroke World Championship title. Glennon established her race team, Jet Girls Racing in 2012; the team consists of two riders and Jessie and their father and master mechanic, John. The Jet Girls Racing team is the most followed team in personal watercraft racing. Glennon was born to John and Carrie Glennon in 1996, she is from Overland Park and has one younger sibling, Jessie Glennon, a former personal watercraft racer and Junior Ski National Champion. Glennon grew up at her family lake home on the Lake of the Ozarks in Missouri; this is where she learned to ride and where she trains. In 2012, the Glennon family began racing after riding personal watercraft for more than ten years.
Her first race ski was a Kawasaki SX-I Pro. After her first race, her father purchased a Kawasaki SX-R 800, dubbed "The Triple Seven", now her World Championship race machine. Glennon is a Digital Media Communications graduate from the University of Central Missouri in Warrensburg, MO. Glennon is involved in supporting the Junior Stars Racing group, she mentors young athletes on social media use and sponsorships every year at Junior Stars Day with the Pros in Lake Havasu, AZ. Glennon was the social media and communications manager for the TPJ Fly Racing professional Supercross and Motocross team. In February 2018, Glennon accepted an offer to be the media and marketing director of Galfer Performance Brakes. Glennon is most-known for racing the Women's Ski Limited class, her equipment is built in-house by her father, John. She has been known to race Men's Ski Stock, Men's Ski Lites, Vintage Ski and Men's Ski GP; each of her skis are built with help from her team sponsors. Glennon has a small fleet of Kawasaki SX-R JS440s, each for different classes.
Glennon has been an advocate for several companies throughout her career. In her first season, she signed Rad Dudes Freestyle Innovations, her current sponsors are Nut Up Industries, JetRenu, ProWatercraftRacing.com, Fly Racing, quakysense, ADA Racing, Gasket Technology, Oil Depot, Hurricane Industries, the Rad Dudes. 2013 Women's Ski U. S. National Champion 2013 Women's Ski U. S. National Tour Points Champion 2013 Men's Ski Stock Nauti Water Champion 2013 Vintage Ski Nauti Water Champion 2015 Women's Ski Canadian National Champion 2015 Vintage Ski Canadian National Champion 2016 Women's Ski U. S. National Champion 2016 Men's Ski Stock U. S. National Champion 2016 Men's Ski Two Stroke Limited World Champion 2017 Women's Ski Nauti Water Champion Glennon has the largest social media following recorded in the sport of personal watercraft racing, her combined social media following exceeds 90,000 fans. Glennon is the only woman to win the Men's Two Stroke World Championship
Oscar Davis Ratnoff was an American physician who conducted research on the process of coagulation and blood-related disorders. Ratnoff discovered the substance known as Factor XII and was one of the primary contributors to the delineation of the exact sequence that makes up the clotting cascade, he made notable research contributions to the understanding of the complement system and to the detection and treatment of hemophilia. Ratnoff was a professor at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, served as president of the American Society of Hematology, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, he remained active in research at Case Western Reserve until he was 85 and he died in Cleveland a few years later. Ratnoff was born prematurely, the son of a New York pediatrician. Ratnoff's father was an associate of notable pediatrician Henry Koplik. Koplik advised Ratnoff's father that the newborn had little chance of survival and that he should allow the child to die. Instead, Ratnoff's father used hot water bottles to keep him warm.
Ratnoff survived and became a strong student at the Brooklyn Boys' School before enrolling at Columbia University when he was 16. After graduating from Columbia, a 19-year-old Ratnoff entered the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, where he graduated third in his medical school class. Ratnoff spent two years as an intern at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and was a research fellow with physiologist Walter Cannon at Harvard Medical School. After another year spent working at hospitals in New York, Ratnoff enlisted in the military beginning in 1943, he was a member of the United States Army Air Corps during World War II, teaching aviation physiology before working as a physician at an army hospital. Returning from the military in 1946, Ratnoff secured a fellowship at Johns Hopkins, he became an instructor in medicine there. Arthur Patek, the physician who recruited Ratnoff, may have inspired some interest in coagulation. While a professor at Columbia, Patek had asked Ratnoff to review a research report on cirrhosis from noted physician Ernest Goodpasture.
Ratnoff became interested in the observation that the blood of such patients clotted after death but soon turned back to liquid. While in Cleveland in 1954, Ratnoff encountered railway worker John Hageman; the man had a long clotting time, but he had undergone successful surgery in the past without suffering from major bleeding. Working with biochemist Earl Davie, Ratnoff identified a protein missing in the man's blood. Ratnoff named the missing substance Hageman factor; as other clotting factors had been discovered by the time of Ratnoff's encounter with his patient, Hageman factor became known as factor XII. In 1964, Ratnoff and Davie published their model of the clotting cascade. At Case Western University, Ratnoff was a professor, division chief of hematology-oncology and interim chief of medicine. Ratnoff had a long association with immunologist Irwin Lepow, they conducted some of the early research on inhibition of the complement system. Ratnoff and Ted Zimmerman developed an assay in the early 1970s to distinguish between classic hemophilia and von Willebrand disease used the same technology to identify carriers of classic hemophilia.
In 1972, the American Society of Hematology selected Ratnoff to deliver its Henry M. Stratton Lecture. Three years Ratnoff served as the organization's president. In the 1980s, Ratnoff became concerned about the risk of HIV transmission to patients with hemophilia because these patients received factor VIII treatments created from pooled blood samples, he and his associates had been the first to identify some of the symptoms of HIV/AIDS in hemophilia patients. Noting that AIDS antibodies were being detected among hemophiliacs, Ratnoff proposed at a 1983 Centers for Disease Control meeting that blood donors should be screened for hepatitis B as a surrogate for HIV, as there was no good screening test for HIV at the time. Ratnoff favored using cryoprecipitate from local donors to treat these patients, his suggestions were not taken because of concerns that they would not result in enough clotting factor to meet patient demand. In the 1990s, genetic engineering techniques allowed for the production of factor VIII without donated blood.
Ratnoff was the second recipient of the H. P. Smith Award for Distinguished Pathology Educator from the American Society for Clinical Pathology, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1976 and received the organization's Jessie Stevenson Kovalenko Medal in 1985. He was named a Master of the American College of Physicians in 1983, he received the ACP's John Phillips Memorial Award in 1974 for outstanding contributions to clinical medicine. He won the Gerald M. Kober Medal from the Association of American Physicians in 1988. Ratnoff, who received his first National Institutes of Health research grant in 1951, was still NIH-funded as an emeritus professor in the 1990s, he remained engaged in research at Case Western Reserve until 2001. He died in 2008 and was survived by Marian, his wife of 63 years, by two children. A sister, poetry director Helen Ratnoff Plotz, preceded him in death