Auckland Transport is the council-controlled organisation of Auckland Council responsible for transport projects and services. It was established by section 38 of the Local Government Act 2009, operates under that act and the Local Government Act 2010. Auckland Transport began operating from 1 November 2010, at the inauguration of Auckland Council, it assumed the role of the Auckland Regional Transport Authority and the combined transport functions of Auckland's seven city and district councils, all of which were disestablished. AT is responsible for the Auckland Region's public transport, it designs and maintains roads, ferry wharves and walkways. It is the largest of the council's organisations, with over 1700 staff, controlling half of all council rates. Dr David Warburton was the inaugural chief executive of the organisation, his successor, Shane Ellison, joined the organisation in December 2017. Auckland Transport has a key enforcement role, employing over 120 Parking Officers. In 2017, it created the new position of Transport Officer, with up to 220 to be appointed.
These officers work on Auckland's public transport network and are empowered by law to remove passengers off trains and issue infringement notices of $150 to enforce fare payment. Directors are appointed by Auckland Council; the Board has overall responsibility for delivering transport, including managing and controlling public transport and local roads. From 2010 to 2016, two councillors sat on the board, unlike the other Auckland CCOs, which were not permitted to have councillors as directors. Following the 2016 Auckland council elections, elected mayor Phil Goff dumped the two councillors, citing improved accountability and minimising compromises and conflict; the directors appointed from October 2016 were: Dr Lester Levy Wayne Donnelly Rabin Rabindran Mark Gilbert Dame Paula Rebstock Ernst Zöllner AT's assets totalled $19.1 billion in 2018, up 0.5 billion since June 2017. AT owned or operated the following transport assets as of 2018: 57 electric train sets, consisting of AM class multiple units per set 41 railway station facilities on Auckland's four railway lines, but not the platforms or tracks, which are owned by KiwiRail 16 dedicated bus stations, including six on the Northern Busway 21 ferry facilities 7,452 km of arterial and local roads Also the following: 6,859 km of footpaths, which grew to 7,287 km by 2016 985 bridges and major culverts 99,912 street lights 127,666 road signs 1,554 bus shelters 14 multi-storey car park buildings 933 on-street pay-and-display machines 270 AIFS integrated ticketing devices Public transport in Auckland AT Metro AT HOP card Hinaki Eel Trap Bridge Auckland Transport website
Glen Eden railway station
Glen Eden railway station is located on the Western Line of the Auckland Railway Network, New Zealand. The station house is a local historical landmark, restored in 2001. A cafe is located in the old station building; when first opened, one of the station's functions was to service the nearby Waikumete Cemetery. Special trains ran from Auckland on Sundays carrying the deceased and their entourage, a dedicated platform was constructed to serve these trains. Bus routes 152, 154, 172 and 172X pass by the station on the adjacent West Coast Road. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland
Newmarket railway station, Auckland
Newmarket railway station is a station in the inner-city suburb of Newmarket in Auckland, New Zealand. It serves the Southern and Western Lines of the Auckland railway network, is the second-busiest station in Auckland, after Britomart; the station opened in 1873. It was rebuilt between 2008 and 2010 and now consists of two island platforms serving three tracks with a concourse above the southern end of the station; the redeveloped station opened on 14 January 2010. The station was opened in 1873 and in its historical configuration it consisted of a single island, accessed by a ramp from Remuera Road and by a pedestrian overbridge which led to Broadway and Joseph Banks Terrace; the original station building was one of four island platform station buildings in Auckland designed and built by George Troup, Chief Engineer for the New Zealand Railways Department. It was built at the time of the installation of double track; the signal box at the northern end of the platform was built at the same time and was one of the few of that era on its original site and still in operation in the late 20th century, being the last full-sized lever frame box on the national network.
Newmarket was the site of Newmarket Workshops, which opened in 1878, closed in 1927, when Otahuhu Workshops opened. The historical configuration of the station, near Newmarket Junction, forced some unusual movements. Trains from the city had to run past the junction to call at the station. There were two platforms in an island configuration, all city-bound trains stopped at one platform, outbound trains stopping at the other; this was confusing as the outward-bound platform served both the Western Lines. This problem was solved by'splitting' the platform into two: Southern Line trains stopped at the southern end of the platform, Western Line at the northern end; however the platform was short. The above practice became less prevalent following the higher frequency of the July 2007 timetable. From trains used whichever platform was free, could arrive without any indication of destination. Off-peak operations followed the traditional practice, but during the peak this was not practical; this led to passengers' confusion as to.
During peak times Veolia staff were present with megaphones to inform passengers of train destinations. The signal box was attended 24 hours per day and had control of all trains within the station and Junction. BackshuntFor many years outbound Western Line trains reversed into a special siding, which allowed them to enter the Western Line. In July 2007 this reversing procedure ceased to be necessary, with the start of rebuilding as part of Project DART. Historic station buildingThe fate of the and architecturally significant old station building was controversial, with various proposals being put forward to demolish, refurbish, or relocate the building. Following the announcement on 14 March 2007 of the budget for the station's upgrade, Minister of Finance Michael Cullen announced that $5 million would be put towards moving the building to a proposed new station at Parnell where it would serve as a station for the Auckland War Memorial Museum in the Auckland Domain; the signal box was closed in early 2008, it and the station building were removed from the site on 3 March 2008 to an undisclosed storage location, as ONTRACK feared they would be vandalised.
The station building was moved to Parnell station in time for the start of services on 12 March 2017 and the official opening of the station on 13 March 2017. Newmarket station was rebuilt for NZ$35 million between January 2008 and January 2010 as part of ONTRACK's Project DART, it was necessary to close the station for the rebuild and two temporary stations were built: Newmarket South 200m south on the Southern Line, Newmarket West on the Western Line. Both stations were demolished later; as well as modernising the facilities and appearance, the redevelopment improved connections between the station and the surrounding commercial and residential areas. The station now has a concourse level above the platforms, entrances from a new square off Broadway, a 65m long covered bridge off Remuera Road, a pedestrian bridge from Joseph Banks Terrace, from the Remuera side; the station retains the option of extending the concourse, with pedestrian entry off Broadway further north possible in the future.
The current entrance off Broadway may be widened, with Auckland Council considering demolishing two shops to widen the passage. Some criticism was made at the time of opening about the high step up into trains, considered necessary by the designers to allow freight trains to pass the platforms. Authorities noted that this was the same height as at other stations throughout the Auckland system with the exception of Britomart, which does not have freight trains passing. Authorities confirmed the vertical distance to step up to some train carriages would be up to 374 mm, but this would be reduced with the introduction of the new carriages designed for the electrification of the Auckland network. New track layout Integral to the redevelopment was the requirement to reorganise the track layout; the new station has three tracks. Each island has two platforms, although Platform Two is not in use for passenger services. Platform One serves westbound services on the Western Line. Platform Three serves Britomart bound services on all three lines, while Platform Four serves southbound servic
New Lynn railway station
New Lynn railway station is on the Western Line of the Auckland railway network, New Zealand, is part of an integrated transport centre where transfers can be made to and from bus services. A redeveloped station in a new rail trench was opened on 25 September 2010. LynnMall, a major shopping mall, is close by. 1983, March: The Auckland Regional Authority decides to relocate New Lynn station east, to the other side of the Rankin Avenue-Totara Avenue-Clark Street road intersection and adjacent to the bus station, despite the uncertain future of Auckland suburban services. 1987, August: The old station building is demolished after vandals damaged it. 2006, December: Double-tracking between New Lynn and Avondale is approved by the central government. Trenching the tracks means that they will no longer pass directly through the Rankin Avenue-Totara Avenue-Clark Street road intersection, removing a source of traffic congestion and the potential for collisions. 2008, March: The station platform is demolished and a temporary platform constructed to make way for the rail trench earthworks.
2010, 1 March: Trains begin running in the trench on a single track. 2010, 29 April: The first steam train runs in Ja 1275 on the Northlander to Whangarei. 2010, 8 June: Trains begin running through the trench on two tracks, completing the Western Line Double Tracking Project. 2010, 24 September: The station is opened by the Governor-General Sir Anand Satyanand. 2012, April-June: The station shelters are transformed and a glass encased stairwell shelter is put into place due to high patronage use. In the late 2000s, local and regional government, as part of the revitalising of the regional rail commuter network, decided to build a new "feature station" at New Lynn, which included sinking the tracks and station into a trench. Road was grade-separated from rail to enable vehicle traffic to pass over the line. Before the trenching works, the level crossings in the town centre were blocked by passing trains, leading to substantial road congestion, which would have only increased with more train services.
The new rail trench and associated sunken station were to be constructed with up to 16m deep diaphragm walls using specially imported cranes and specialists. This was required due to the unstable, water-logged soils and the need to avoid settlement damage to close-by buildings; the procedure to construct the 1 km of trench involved multiple temporary shifts of the railway line and of various associated roads, was called the most difficult part of the DART railway development programme in Auckland. Wet ground conditions had forced a redesign of the trench methods, delayed the project start by six months. Bus routes 14T, 14W, 18, 22N, 24B, 24R, 68, 107, 138, 151x, 152, 154, 161, 162, 170, 171, 171x, 172, 172x, 186, 195 and 670 travel via the bus-train interchange at New Lynn, directly adjacent to the station. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland Trench wall panels designed by Auckland artist Louise Purvis and are made from GRC. Research by Purvis and Waitakere City Council Art project Manager Mark Osborne
The Auckland central business district called the city centre by Auckland Council, is the geographical and economic heart of the Auckland metropolitan area. The area is made up of the city's largest concentration of businesses; the CBD is one of the most densely developed places in New Zealand, with many commercial and some residential developments packed into a space of only 433 hectares. Bounded by several major motorways and by the harbour coastline in the north, it is surrounded further out by suburban areas. Located on the northern shore of a narrow isthmus, the CBD extends from the Auckland waterfront on the Waitematā Harbour southwards along Queen Street and a number of other parallel-running streets; the CBD is considered to be bounded by the main motorways that surround all non-harbour sides, with State Highway 1 forming the southern and western boundaries, State Highway 16 / Grafton Gully forming the eastern boundary. The CBD has an area of 433 hectares, similar to the Sydney CBD, twice as large as the CBDs of Wellington and Christchurch.
The CBD is to a substantial part located on reclaimed land of the Waitematā Harbour. For a closer discussion of this aspect, see the Commercial Bay and Auckland waterfront articles; the town of Auckland was created in 1840 with the first European colonisation of the area, marked by an official ceremony on the now non-existent Point Britomart. The initial centre of the new town was focused on what is now the corner of Shortland and Queen Streets, at the shoreline of Commercial Bay. From their junction, the main wharf ran north off the end of Queen Street, with Shortland Street leading up to Fort Britomart and Government House, around which many of the richer people built houses. Shortland Street tended to be the location of the more important businesses and most of the'luxury' shops of the mid 19th century; the 1850s onwards saw an increasing number of businesses, retail, locating further south along Queen Street, which still to this day forms the'spine' of the area. In 1841, one year after the European founding, the census counted 2,000 people, with "mechanics" the largest group at 250, other groups of note being 150 agricultural labourers, 100 shopkeepers, 100 domestic servants, 125 "upper class members".
During the remainder of the 19th century, Commercial Bay was progressively filled in, allowing a northward extension of Queen Street and the creation of Fort Street, Customs Street, Quay Street. The part of Queen Street north of Customs Street is today referred to informally as Lower Queen Street; as well as being the location of a great many multi-storey warehouses the Lower Queen Street area contained many manufacturing businesses, though many of these started to move to other areas such as Freeman's Bay and Parnell if they took up a lot of room or created noise or pollution. Up until the middle of the 20th century the centre of town still contained a large number of small factories including clothing manufacturers; the relocation of industries to outlying suburbs became pronounced in the 1950s due to incentives made by council planners to create industrial areas in Penrose and Rosebank Road and thus rid the inner city area of noise and heavy traffic. This was mirrored by the development of suburban shopping malls which enticed retailers to vacate the inner city as well.
Attempts by the council to halt this pattern by constructing numerous public car parking buildings met with varying success. The rise of suburban supermarket and mall shopping, created in places such as Pakuranga from 1965 onwards has been added to by the appearance of Big Box retailers in places such as Botany and the North Shore. Residential numbers in the inner city were declining in the 20th century from as early as the 1920s. In the two-mile zone surrounding the CBD, there were 70,000 people in 1926, with only around 50,000 in 1966 - a change made more marked by the development of the remainder of Auckland's population, which grew more than fourfold in the same timeframe. In the 1990s, only a token population of around 1,400 was still residing within the CBD, though this was to grow with a boom of new apartment buildings around the turn of the millennium. Around 24,000 apartment units exist as of 2010; the CBD of Auckland has been the leading centre of New Zealand's business and economic development for nearly two centuries.
The area of today's CBD was the site of the original European settlement of Auckland, oriented along the coastline and Queen Street, in a southward direction. From those origins, it has grown progressively, become much more densely built-up, now being an area of high-rise buildings used for commercial and retail uses, it has the highest concentration of arts and higher education institutions and venues in the country. Some commentators have noted that the recent decades have not been kind to the aesthetics and the community values of the inner city; the demolishing of many older buildings the prerequisite for low-quality or uninspired new office and residential developments, is considered by them to be due to a combination of developers uninterested in long-term outcomes and Council planning direction being too weak. In an attempt to reverse the decline of aesthetics in the CBD, previous Auckland City Councils and the current unitary Auckland Council have instigated several urban regeneration schemes.
These include the recent redevelopment of Aotea Square in 2010 and the upgrade of Saint Patrick's Square in 2009. The area east o
Henderson railway station
Henderson railway station is a major station on the Western Line of the Auckland railway network in New Zealand. It is located near the town centre of Henderson, the western administration offices of Auckland Council, a major shopping centre, WestCity Waitakere; the station was opened on 2 October 1880 for goods and on 21 December 1880 for all services including passengers. In 21 August 2010 a "Distributed Stabling Facility" was opened because locals objected to the proposal to open the facility at Ranui railway station. ARTA had proposed it as part of the upgrading of the network, to store up to 11 trains and to clean trains when out of service. A major upgrade of the station was completed on 24 October 2006; the station opened on 2 November 2006. It has an island platform. Stairs and escalators, enclosed in transparent panels, connect to an overhead walkway that connects to the council's office buildings and to the adjacent Railside Avenue, it was proposed that the station be renamed Waitakere Central when it was upgraded because it was integrated with the Waitakere City Council's new Civic Building.
There were objections that there would be confusion with Waitakere railway station on the Western Line. Due to opposition to the name change, the station has Waitakere Central only as a subtitle. In practice, the station is never referred to by the name but the council uses it to refer to its premises, directly above the platforms. Transdev Auckland, on behalf of Auckland Transport, operates suburban train services between Swanson and Britomart. Bus routes 14t, 14w, 120, 131, 133, 133x, 134, 138, 141, 142, 143, 146, 152, 154 and 162 arrive and depart from the transport interchange on Railside Avenue. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland
Parnell railway station
Parnell railway station is a station serving the inner-city suburb of Parnell in Auckland, New Zealand. It is situated on the Newmarket Line 600m north of Parnell Tunnel, is located in the Waipapa Valley adjacent to Auckland Domain, it serves Southern Western Line trains. Onehunga Line trains pass through the station without stopping; the station opened on 12 March 2017 with basic facilities and serving a limited number of lines. Future development will involve building a pedestrian bridge across the tracks to provide step-free access to the platforms, constructing several new paths to provide more direct access to Auckland Domain, Parnell Town Centre and the University of Auckland, it was intended that the station would serve all three lines which pass through it. This was contingent on the removal of the Sarawia Street level crossing in Newmarket, removing the signalling constraints which affected the line. A bridge built to replace the level crossing, linking Laxon Terrace with nearby Cowie Street, allowed the removal of the crossing.
After a plan to lease part of the area as a bus depot was cancelled, KiwiRail and Auckland Council were asked in 2010 by the outgoing Auckland Regional Council to make an early start on construction of the proposed station, to cost $13 million or more, to ensure that there would not need to be costly extra work after the electrification of the line as part of the Auckland railway electrification. It was proposed that several million dollars saved during the upgrade of the Newmarket station be allocated to this new station. An early proposal was to integrate the new station with some of the historic railway workshop sheds of the adjacent Mainline Steam depot but nothing eventuated; the Mainline Steam Heritage Trust had its lease on the depot terminated by KiwiRail and completed its move from the site in June 2015. The sheds were demolished in September 2015; the heritage station building from the Newmarket station is a feature of the station. Relocation of the building was planned for December 2016 and external refurbishment works were expected to be finished by April 2017.
In late 2015, Auckland Transport advised that opening the Parnell station to passenger services was being postponed until the completion of a road bridge at Cowie Street, replacing the nearby level crossing on Sarawia Street. AT received approval from independent planning commissioners in June 2016; the following November, the commissioners' recommendation for the bridge was appealed. If AT had been unable to address the concerns expressed in the appeal, an Environment Court hearing would have decided whether the appeal would be upheld. Trains began operating at the station on 12 March 2017, with an official opening by Mayor of Auckland, Phil Goff, Waitematā Local Board chair Pippa Coom on 13 March 2017. In July–August 2018, the Cowie Street bridge to Laxon Terrace was completed and opened and the Sarawia Street level crossing was closed to road traffic; as a result, a new timetable introduced on 26 August 2018 allowed Parnell to become a stop on all Southern Line and Western Line services. The station is located next to the Auckland Domain, where the Auckland War Memorial Museum is situated.
The two side platforms are linked by a subway. Future work will provide walking links to the Domain and the campuses of the University of Auckland and Auckland University of Technology. In mid-November 2018, a walkway was established connecting the Parnell Station to the University of Auckland's Carlaw Park Student Village and the Carlaw business centre, near the University of Auckland's City Campus on Symond Street. List of Auckland railway stations