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Swedish Armed Forces

The Swedish Armed Forces is the government agency that forms the military forces of Sweden, and, tasked with defense of the country, as well as promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping efforts, providing humanitarian aid. It consists of: the Swedish Army, the Swedish Air Force and the Swedish Navy, with addition of a military reserve force, the Home Guard. Since 1994, all the Swedish armed services are organized within a single unified government agency, headed by the Supreme Commander though the individual services maintain their distinct identities. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is traditionally considered Admiral à la suite; the Swedish Armed Forces consist of a mix of conscripts. About 4,000 men and women are called up for service every year. Units from the Swedish Armed Forces are on deployment in several international operations either or as military observers, including Afghanistan as part of the Resolute Support Mission and in Kosovo. Moreover, Swedish Armed Forces contribute as the lead nation for an EU Battle Group once every three years through the Nordic Battlegroup.

Sweden has close relations with NATO and NATO members, participates in training exercises like the Admiral Pitka Recon Challenge, Exercise Trident Juncture 2018. Sweden has a strong cooperation with its closest allies of the Nordic countries being part of the Nordic Defence Cooperation NORDEFCO and joint exercises such as Exercise Northern Wind 2019. In total, about 10,000 people participate in Northern Wind, of which 7,000 come from prioritized cooperation states: Finland, the US and the UK. Sweden has not participated in an declared war since the 1814 Swedish–Norwegian War, although e.g. Swedish aircraft took part in the NATO-led 2011 military intervention in Libya. Swedish foreign policy has managed to keep Sweden out of war through a policy of neutrality. Sweden provides information to its citizens in case of an emergency being part of the concept of total defense with pamphlets being sent home to all households; the publication contains information about how to act in a situation of national crisis and most notably, nuclear war.

The pamphlets were distributed to all households from 1943 to 1961. In 2018 the pamphlet was renewed and distributed under the title "If the crisis or the war comes"; the new pamphlet includes the well-known quote from the older ones: "Every statement that the resistance has ceased is false. Resistance shall be made all the time and in every situation, it depends on You - Your efforts, Your determination, Your will to survive." After a period of enhanced readiness during World War I, the Swedish Armed Forces were subject to severe downsizing during the interwar years. When World War II started, a large rearmament program was launched to once again guard Swedish neutrality, relying on mass conscription to fill the ranks. After World War II, Sweden considered building nuclear weapons to deter a Soviet invasion. From 1945 to 1972 the Swedish government ran a clandestine nuclear weapons program under the guise of civilian defense research at the Swedish National Defence Research Institute. By the late 1950s the work had reached the point.

However, at this time the Riksdag prohibited research and development of nuclear weapons, pledging that research should be done only for the purpose of defense against nuclear attack. They reserved the right to continue development of nuclear weapons in the future; the option to continue development of weapons was abandoned in 1966, Sweden's subsequent signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1968 began the wind-down of the program, which concluded in 1972. During the Cold War, the wartime mass conscription system was kept in place to act as a deterrent to the Soviet Union, seen as the greatest military threat to Sweden; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union meant that the perceived threat lessened and the armed forces were downsized, with conscription taking in less and less recruits until it was deactivated in 2010. After twenty years of cooperation with NATO, starting with the Partnership for Peace back in 1994, Sweden was one of five partners granted enhanced opportunities for dialogue and cooperation at the Wales Summit in 2014.

The status of Enhanced Opportunities Partner provided a platform for developing a more flexible and individualized relationship, in addition to other partner formats. It coincided with Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Eastern Ukraine, with NATO defense bill for 2016-2020. Both the need to review NATO's own defense policy and the dramatic signal that a European country was prepared to violate the existing security order using military might, gave momentum to the new partner platform. Conscription was reintroduced in 2017 to supplement the insufficient number of volunteers signing up for service; the Swedish Armed Forces have four main tasks: To assert the territorial integrity of Sweden. To defend the country if attacked by a foreign nation. To support the civil community in case of disasters. To deploy forces to international peace support operations. Sweden aims to have the option of remaining neutral in case of proximate war. However, Sweden cooperates militarily with a number of foreign countries.

As a member of the European Union, Sweden is acting as the lead nation for EU Battlegroups and also

Kik Off

Kik Off is the third album by British hip-hop artist Blak Twang, released in 2002 on the Bad Magic imprint of Wall of Sound Records. The album was produced by Tony Rotton, with two tracks produced by DJ Dynamite and one by Harry Love. Guest appearances come from singer Est'elle and Jahmali, from rappers Mystro, Rodney P, Karl Hinds and Seanie T, from then-Radio 1 DJ Lisa I'Anson, whose narration on "Dirty Stopout Uncovered" alludes to her role as narrator on the TV documentary series Ibiza Uncovered; the tracks "Kik Off", "Trixstar", "So Rotton" were released as singles. The video for the first single, "Kik Off", was the first music video directed by graffiti artist Banksy, who designed the album's artwork. Rotton cited extensive touring experience in the UK and Europe and the birth of his second child as influences on the album. All tracks produced by Tony Rotton, except where noted."Warm Up/Intro" – 3:21 "Kik Off" – 4:22 Scratches by Big Ted "On Line" – 3:55 Scratches by Harry Love Produced by Harry Love "Trixstar" – 4:34 Featuring Est'elle "So Rotton" – 4:54 Featuring Jahmali "Sum Ah Dem" – 4:45 Produced by DJ Dynamite "Fire Power" – 4:30 "Half'N' Half" – 4:24 Featuring Mystro "Vow" – 4:15 "Dirty Stopout Uncovered" – 3:30 Featuring Rodney P & Lisa I'Anson Produced by DJ Dynamite "Ain't Done 2 Bad" – 5:36 Intro vocals by'Ard Bastard "It's Happening in England" – 4:17 Featuring Karl Hinds & Seanie T "Blood and Fire" – 4:36 "Post Match Analysis" – 1:06 "Publik Order" – 10:10 Includes hidden track Tony "Blak Twang" Olabode – rapping Lisa I'Anson – narration Mystro – rapping Karl Hinds – rapping Seanie T – rapping Tony "Blak Twang" Olabode – production Banksy – artwork DJ Dynamite – production Harry Love – production Mrs. Jones – styling Steve Lazarides – photography


Birsanagar is a part of Jamshedpur. It covers a major part of Jamshedpur that are planned and divided into 12 zones which are further divided into smaller zones. Birsanagar was formed after hard struggle and labor by the original inhabitants "Adiwasi's" a few of the fighters were Birsa Munda and Kanu. Birsanagar was named after Birsa Munda. Birsanagar is thought to be a poor place but now has become a get away because of its greenery and natural appeal. To have a house in Birsanagar is a good option for those who like living in open places. Birsanagar has a self-sufficient market so that the residents of it do not have to go elsewhere for the basic amenities. There is a huge vegetable market every Thursday; this market is most famous for the fresh vegetables one can buy here from the far and nearby villagers selling themselves from their own small farms. The so-called Tusu Mela is organized here on the occasion of Makar Sankranti and the sky is flooded with colorful kites. Birsanagar shares the same boundary with Tata Motors colony.

Birsanagar is one of the oldest place in the history of Jharkhand and it still comprises many tribal such as Oraon, Munda, Ho, etc. Major land area of Birsanagar belongs to the tribal who have been living here for a long time and although they have now modernized, they play a key role in saving their land and environment. Jamshedpur Sakchi Adityapur Jugsalai Garabasa Bagbera


Jhākri is the Nepali word for shaman. It is sometimes reserved for practitioners of Nepali shamanism, such as that practiced among the Tamang people and the Magars. Jhākri shamanism is practiced among numerous ethnic groups of Nepal and Northeast India, including the Limbu, Sunwar, Kami, Gurung, Magars and Khas. Belief in spirits is prevalent, hence the fear of spirit possession; some vernacular words for jhākri are phedangbo in the Limbu language, maangpa or nakchhong in Khambu, boongthing in Lepcha. Jhākris perform rituals during weddings and harvests, they cure diseases. They are known for performing a form of voluntary spirit possession, whereby they allow the supposed spirit of the dead to possess them for a brief time thereby allowing family members to communicate for a brief period of time; the practice is called "Chinta". Their practices are influenced by Hinduism, Tibetan Buddhism, Bön rites. Banjhakri and Banjhakrini, shaman deities of Nepal Banjhakri Falls and Energy Park, a tourist attraction in Northeast India, with statues of jhākri Gulia, Kuldip Singh.

Human Ecology of Sikkim: A Case Study of Upper Rangit Basin. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications. ISBN 81-7835-325-3

Umesh Varshney

Umesh Varshney is an Indian molecular biologist and the head of a laboratory at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. He is a J. C. Bose National Fellow of the Department of Science and Technology and is known for his studies on protein synthesis and DNA repair in Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. An elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Indian National Science Academy and the National Academy of Sciences, he is a recipient of the National Bioscience Award for Career Development of the Government of India; the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards, in 2001, in 2014 with the G. N. Ramachandran Gold Medal for Excellence in Biological Sciences & Technology for his contributions to biological sciences. Umesh Varshney, born on 26 October 1957 in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, graduated in science from Jiwaji University in 1975 and completed his master's degree at G. B.

Pant University of Agriculture and Technology in 1979. Moving to Canada, he did his doctoral studies on a Graduate Teaching Assistantship and Studentship by Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research Foundation under the guidance of Lashitew Gedamu and secured his doctoral degree from the University of Calgary in 1985, his post-doctoral studies were at the laboratory of Johan Hans van de Sande at the university and at Massachusetts Institute of Technology with U. L. RajBhandary. Returning to India in 1991, he started his career at the Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology of the Indian Institute of Science as an assistant professor, promoted to associate professor and dean of the undergraduate programs and heads a laboratory while chairing the Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology of the Indian Institute of Science, he is an honorary faculty at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research since 1999 and is a collaborator of the Genome Metabolism and Biostruct Laboratory, Budapest.

He is the Chairman of the division of Biological Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru. Varhsney's researches are focused in the area of protein synthesis and DNA repair in Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, his researches are known to have assisted in a wider understanding of the biology of mycobacterium, more the interaction between ribosome recycling factor and elongation factor G as well as the uracil excision repair pathway. These studies are reported to have been aimed at developing newer drug targets and the attenuated strains, he has detailed his research findings by way of articles published in peer-reviewed journals and online scientific article repositories like ResearchGate, Google Scholar and PubFacts have listed many of them. He was one of the organizers of the 21st International tRNA Workshop held at Indian Institute of Science in December 2005, has guided several scholars in their doctoral researches and delivered keynote addresses at many science conferences.

In 1999, when the Department of Biotechnology of India instituted the National Bioscience Award for Career Development as one of the prestigious science awards in the country, Umesh Varshney was among the first recipients of the award. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in 2001, in 2014 he was awarded the G. N. Ramachandran Gold Medal for Excellence in Biological Sciences & Technology. In 2001, he received the P. S. Sarma Memorial Award of the Society of Biological Chemists (SBC. A life member of the SBC, he received the Life Sciences Research Award of Novo Nordisk Education Foundation in 2002 and the year 2008 brought him the elected fellowship of the Indian National Science Academy and the J. C. Bose National Fellowship of the Department of Science and Technology of India. Sunil Shetty, Umesh Varshney. "An evolutionarily conserved element in initiator tRNAs prompts ultimate steps in ribosome maturation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

113: E6126–E6134. Doi:10.1073/pnas.1609550113. PMC 5068261. PMID 27698115. Sunil Shetty, Riyaz AHMAD Shah, Ullas V. Chembazhi, Shivjee Sah, Umesh Varshney. "Two conserved features of bacterial initiator tRNAs license them to pass through distinct checkpoints in translation initiation". Nucleic Acids Research: gkw854. Doi:10.1093/nar/gkw854. PMC 5389676. PMID 27672036. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Amandeep Singh, Umesh Varshney, M. Vijayan. "Structure of the second Single Stranded DNA Binding protein from Mycobacterium smegmatis". Journal of Structural Biology. 196: 448–454. Doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2016.09.012. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Souvik Bhattacharyya, Umesh Varshney. "Evolution of initiator tRNAs and selection of methionine as the initiating amino acid". RNA Biology. 13: 810–819. Doi:10.1080/15476286.2016.1195943. PMC 5013993. PMID 27322343. Bo Qin, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Takuya Ueda, Umesh Varshney, Knud H Nierhaus. "The Termination Phase in Protein Synthesis is not Obligatorily Followed by the RRF/EF-G-Dependent Recycling Phase".

Journal of Molecular Biology. 428: 3577–3587. Doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2016.05.019. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Pau Biak Sang, Thiruneelakantan Srinath, Aravind Goud G Patil, Eui-Jeon Woo, Umesh Varshney. "A unique uracil-DNA binding protein of the uracil DNA glycosylase superfamily". Nucleic Acids Research. 43: 8452–8463. Doi:10.1093/nar/gkv854. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Srinivas Aluri, Kervin Rex, Umesh Varshney. "Simultaneous presence of fhs and purT genes i

120 Sports

120 Sports was an internet television service, operated as a joint venture between Time Inc. Silver Chalice, MLB Advanced Media, the National Hockey League; the service produced and streamed sports news and highlight content catered towards digital platforms and a young adult audience 120 Sports was announced on February 20, 2014 by Time Inc. as a branch of its magazine Sports Illustrated, with financial backing by MLB Advanced Media, the National Hockey League, Silver Chalice. The service focused on streaming sports news and highlights from its partners as well as the NBA and NASCAR; the name of the service came from its original concept, as these videos would be only two minutes long. On June 25, 2014, 120Sports launched a daily schedule of live studio programming; the service was designed to appeal to millennials. To avoid succumbing to regional bias, the network hired reporters from across the country. A morning show, 120 Morning Run, was launched on July 2, 2014, it is hosted by Chicago sports talk veterans Laurence Dylan McGorty.

On April 13, 2017, it was announced that Silver Chalice had partnered with Sinclair Broadcast Group to merge Campus Insiders, 120 Sports, Sinclair's syndication service and linear digital television channel American Sports Network into a new multi-platform sports network known as Stadium