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Sydney, Nova Scotia

Sydney is a former city and current community located in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. Situated on Cape Breton Island's east coast, it belongs administratively to the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Sydney was founded in 1785 by the British, was incorporated as a city in 1904, dissolved on 1 August 1995, when it was amalgamated into the regional municipality. Sydney served as the Cape Breton Island colony's capital, until 1820, when the colony merged with Nova Scotia and the capital moved to Halifax. A rapid population expansion occurred just after the turn of the 20th century, when Sydney was home to one of North America's main steel mills. During both the First and Second World Wars, it was a major staging area for England-bound convoys; the post-war period witnessed a major decline in the number of people employed at the Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation steel mill, the Nova Scotia and Canadian governments had to nationalize it in 1967 to save the region's biggest employer, forming the new crown corporation called the Sydney Steel Corporation.

The city's population has decreased since the early 1970s due to the plant's fortunes, SYSCO was closed in 2001. Today, the main industries are in tourism. Together with Sydney Mines, North Sydney, New Waterford, Glace Bay, Sydney forms the Industrial Cape Breton region. Prior to a permanent settlement being established, there was significant activity along the shore. During the American Revolution, on 1 November 1776, John Paul Jones - the father of the American Navy - set sail in command of Alfred to free hundreds of American prisoners working in the coal mines in eastern Cape Breton. Although winter conditions prevented the freeing of the prisoners, the mission did result in the capture of the Mellish, a vessel carrying a vital supply of winter clothing intended for John Burgoyne's troops in Canada. A few years into the war there was a naval engagement between French ships and a British convoy off Sydney, Nova Scotia, near Spanish River, Cape Breton; the French defeated a British convoy. Six French sailors were killed and 17 British, with many more wounded.

Sydney was founded after the war by Colonel Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, named in honour of Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, serving as the Home Secretary in the British cabinet. Lord Sydney appointed Col. DesBarres lieutenant-governor of the new colony of Cape Breton Island. In November 1784 the 600-ton ship Blenheim landed a group that consisted of English citizens and disbanded soldiers. A group of Loyalists from the state of New York, fleeing the aftermath of the American Revolution, were added to the immigrants upon their arrival in the neighbouring colony of Nova Scotia. DesBarres arrived at Sydney on 7 January 1785, he held the first meeting of his executive council on 21 February 1785, where he was proclaimed lieutenant-governor in a formal manner and the first minutes of the new colony were taken. The site DesBarres chose for the new settlement was along the Southwest Arm of Sydney Harbour, a drowned valley of the Sydney River, which forms part of Spanish Bay. Between 1784 and 1820, Sydney was the capital of the British colony of Cape Breton Island.

The colony was disbanded and merged with neighbouring Nova Scotia as part of the British government's desire to develop the abundant coal fields surrounding Sydney Harbour. In 1826, the leases were transferred to the General Mining Association and industrial development around Sydney began to take shape. By the early 20th century Sydney became home to one of the world's largest steel plants, fed by the numerous coal mines in the area under the ownership of the Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation. Sydney's economy was a significant part of Industrial Cape Breton with its steel plant and harbour and railway connections adjoining the coal mining towns of Glace Bay, New Waterford, Sydney Mines and Reserve Mines; the economic boom brought about by industrialization saw the community incorporate as a city in 1903. The growth continued until the 1930s, with the Great Depression causing a slow down in production and growth. World War Two brought prosperity again for the plant, the coal mines. Sydney Harbour played an important role during World War II once a Royal Canadian Navy base, HMCS Protector, was established to stage supply convoys bound for Europe.

These convoys had the prefix SC for Slow Convoy. Convoy SC 7 typified the dangers inherent with the Nazi U-boats off the coast of Cape Breton and Newfoundland during the Battle of the Atlantic, when 20 of the 35 merchant cargo vessels were sunk on their journey to England. Sydney Harbour was one of the hotspots of the Battle of the St. Lawrence. Two notable shipping attacks occurred during this battle: the sinking of the train ferry SS Caribou in October 1942 on its way from North Sydney to Port aux Basques, Newfoundland. Sydney's coal shipping and steel manufacturing made a significant contribution to the Allied war effort, however federal Minister of Industry, C. D. Howe favoured Central Canada's steel industry given its proximity to a larger workforce and less exposure to coastal attack. By the late 1960s the coal and steel industries had fallen on hard times. Friday, 13 October 1967, became known as "Black Friday," so named after Hawker Siddeley Canada, the plant's owners, announced they were closing it in April 1968.

Both the provincial and federal government were involved in

Ember attack

An ember attack is a occurring event. During a bushfire, burning parts of trees such as twigs, branches or leaves become temporarily airborne and can be carried down wind of the bushfire. An'em ber attack' occurs; the Stringybark species of Eucalypt is notorious for contributing large flaming sections of bark that due to their size and shape, can be carried up to several kilometres away. The movements of embers from a bushfire are the primary cause of spotfires, which contribute to the continued spread of a bushfire, they occur close to the source of the fire following a heat explosion within vegetation in which material is ejected from the explosion and creates a cluster of embers, or during high winds in which burnt material is carried away from flames before it can be combusted. An ember attack can be an eerie sight in dark conditions as the glowing embers leave a small light trail in our vision similar to that of a camera set to a long exposure time. Images of ember attacks caught on film are used by the mass media to aid in the depiction of a bushfire as a dramatic event.

Ember attacks have the potential to start small fires ahead of the main fire trapping firefighters between the two fires. They can lodge themselves within firefighting equipment and vehicles. Ember attacks are dangerous to an individual's exposed skin and face. If an ember lands on a combustible object such as a housemat or a garden bush, or several such embers hit the house within a period of time, they may ignite parts of the house and cause the entire house to burn down. Property owners underestimate the danger of an ember attack after the bushfire has passed; because embers can be carried away from a bushfire by the wind, they pose a threat to houses that one would intuitively assume are far enough away from the fire. Fire authorities advise vigilance by home owners. Embers can ignite combustible materials outside the home. A danger exists of embers entering the home, in particular the roof space, requiring occupants to inspect for signs of fire in the roof. In Australia, evaporative air conditioners are known to ignite from ember attack.

Ember attack causes the filter pads from evaporative AC to ignite, the fire spreads through the roof space destroying the home. Ember Guards known as Ash Screens are recommended to protect your aircon from Ember Attack. Fact sheet on New South Wales fire brigade's website https://bluemountainmesh.com.au/why-gutter-mesh/bushfire-and-ember-fire-protection/

SS Stepas Darius

SS Stepas Darius was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Steponas Darius, a Lithuanian American pilot, who died in a non-stop flight attempt with Lituanica from New York City to Kaunas, Lithuania, in 1933. Stepas Darius was laid down on 14 August 1944, under a Maritime Commission contract, MC hull 2320, by J. A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida, she was allocated to William J. Rountree & Company, 9 October 1944. On 27 June 1946, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, in James River Reserve Fleet, Lee Hall, Virginia, she was sold, on 10 January 1947, to Compania de Navegacion Phocena de Panama, for $562,854.89 and commercial use, she was renamed Mando. She was withdrawn from the fleet on 15 January 1947. On 21 January 1955, while sailing from Hampton Roads to Rotterdam, with 9,000 st of coal, she ran aground off the Round Island, Scilly Islands, when her engines failed, she was declared a total loss. Wreck located at: 49.5827°N 06.2015°W / 49.5827.

Waterbomb for the Fat Tomcat

Waterbomb for the Fat Tomcat is a 2004 Latvian/Estonian Latvian language film directed by Varis Brasla, starring Baiba Broka, Jānis Paukštello, Artūrs Skrastiņš. The film was awarded the Latvian National Film Prize Lielais Kristaps in 2005 as the best film of the year. In 2004 it received award in Chicago International Children's Film Festival as the best live-action feature film or video. Baiba Broka — Una Undīne Vīksna — Marta Zane Leimane — Linda Gundars Āboliņš — Ivo Jānis Paukštello — Grandfather Agita Gruntmane-Valtere — Mother Tõnu Kark — Dog owner Elmārs Viļums — Edgars Leonarda Kļaviņa-Ķestere — Edgars' mother Artūrs Skrastiņš — Father Ūdensbumba resnajam runcim on IMDb

HMS Active (1911)

HMS Active was the name ship of her class of three scout cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the 1910s. Completed in 1911, she was assigned to several different units until the ship became the flotilla leader of the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla in 1914; when the First World War began in August of that year, the 2nd DF was assigned to the Grand Fleet where their primary task was to protect the fleet from submarines. By the beginning of 1916, Active was assigned to the Grand Fleet and played a minor role in the Battle of Jutland in the year. Shortly afterwards, she was assigned as the flotilla leader of the 4th Destroyer Flotilla and escorted the main body of the Grand Fleet during the Action of 19 August. By the end of the year, the ship was assigned to the Dover Patrol and was present during two battles with German destroyers, but was not engaged in either. Active was based in Ireland by the beginning of 1918, but was soon transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet and based in Gibraltar for the rest of the war.

The ship was sold for scrap the following year. The Active-class ships were the last class of turbine-powered scout cruisers ordered by the Admiralty; these ships were intended to work with destroyer flotillas, leading their torpedo attacks and backing them up when attacked by other destroyers, although they became less useful as destroyer speeds increased before the First World War. Active had a length between perpendiculars of 405 feet, a beam of 41 feet and a draught of 14 feet 6 inches, she displaced 3,340 long tons at 3,945 long tons at deep load. Her crew consisted of other ranks; the main armament of the Active class consisted of ten breech-loading four-inch Mk VII guns. The forward pair of guns were mounted side by side on a platform on the forecastle, six were amidships, three on each broadside, the two remaining guns were on the centreline of the quarterdeck, one ahead of the other; the guns fired their 31-pound shells to a range of about 11,400 yards. Her secondary armament was four quick-firing three-pounder 47 mm Vickers Mk I guns and two submerged 18-inch torpedo tubes.

In 1918, two 4-inch guns were removed from Fearless. A QF three-inch 20 cwt anti-aircraft gun was added to Active in 1916; as scout cruisers, the ships were only protected to maximise their speed. They had a curved protective deck, one inch thick on the slope and 0.5 inches on the flat. Their conning tower was protected by four inches of armour. Ordered as part of the 1910 Naval Programme, Active was the tenth ship of her name to serve in the Royal Navy, she was laid down at Pembroke Dockyard's No. 5 Slipway on 27 July 1910 by Mrs. Mundy, wife of the dockyard's Captain-Superintendent, Captain Geoffrey Mundy and launched on 14 March 1911 by Lady Herbert, wife of Major-general Ivor Herbert, MP. Completed in December 1911, the ship was assigned to the 4th Battle Squadron of the First Fleet by 18 February 1913, but had been transferred to the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron as of 18 June, she remained with the squadron for less than a year and was serving as the flotilla leader of the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla by 18 March 1914.

At the beginning of World War I in August and her flotilla were assigned to the Grand Fleet. On 1 September, a submarine was spotted inside Scapa Flow and the 2nd DF was detailed to hunt down the imaginary submarine while the rest of the Grand Fleet put to sea; when not escorting the capital ships of the Grand Fleet, the flotilla spent much time on anti-submarine patrol off the entrances to Scapa Flow. In mid-October, multiple reports of submarines in the Minch caused Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, commander of the Grand Fleet, to send Active and some of her destroyers there to hunt them down, but nothing was found. After their search was concluded, they joined a large part of the Grand Fleet at Lough Swilly, Ireland, on 22 October. Sometime between October 1915 and January 1916, the cruiser was relieved of her assignment with the 2nd DF and she was on detached service with the Grand Fleet in January. By May, Active was attached to Iron Duke, she played a minor role in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May–1 June as she was ordered to screen the left flank of the Grand Fleet as it approached the High Seas Fleet.

After Jellicoe ordered the Fleet to deploy to port just before it encountered the German fleet, that placed her behind the battleships, unable to engage any German ships. She only fired eight 4-inch rounds during the entire battle. Shortly afterwards, Active was assigned as the leader of the 4th DF, based at Immingham in the Humber. On the evening of 18 August, the Grand Fleet put to sea in response to a message deciphered by Room 40 that indicated that the High Seas Fleet would be leaving harbour that night; the German objective was to bombard Sunderland the following day, based on extensive reconnaissance conducted by Zeppelins and submarines. Active and eight of her destroyers were summoned to rendezvous with the main body of the Grand Fleet and met up with them the following afternoon, but they did not encounter the High Seas Fleet; the cruiser did not remain there long and was assigned to the 6th Destroyer Flotilla of the Dover Patrol by January 1917. Active was present, but was not engaged, when German destroyers attacked the Dover Patrol on the nights of 25/25 February and 20/21 April.

By January 1918 she was at Queenstown as the flagship of the Southern Division of the Coast of Ireland Station. Several months she deployed to the Mediterranean and was based in Gibraltar by April, she survived the war and was still in Gibraltar on 1 December 1918, although the ship was in reserve at Devonport by 1 February 1919. Active

Charles Morschauser House

Charles Morschauser House known as the House on the Hill, is a historic home located at Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York. It was built in 1902, is a 2 1/2 story, frame dwelling with a hipped roof and a projecting, offset front gable; the façade features a flat-roofed, wraparound porch. The house belonged to a local attorney, Charles Morschauser, who commissioned local architect William J. Beardsley to design the home after he had represented him in a legal matter. Morschauser had acquired an 3-acre parcel, part of an estate named Mountain View, located on an oversized city lot fronting five different streets. Due to its dignified and grand appearance perched atop a knoll, the design had gained local attention in a couple of newspapers at the time, it is a transitional style containing elements of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival architecture with a blending of materials. The first story boasts a stonework façade while the second has clapboard siding, allowing it to stand out from other houses constructed at the time.

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. National Register of Historic Places listings in Poughkeepsie, New York