Weaverthorpe is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. It is 13 miles south-west of Scarborough. Bronze Age settlements have been found at nearby Cowlam, 2.8 miles to the south. It was one of the leading burial sites in Yorkshire. There was a vill on the site in the period of Viking/Norse settlement when it was known as Wifertorp; the village's name is linked to a certain Vidhfari, anglicized in Wivar. In the Domesday Book there is a mention of Wiveretorp where it was classed as small and had depreciated in value from 1066 to 1086. Same male's name as in Wiverton and in the Vierville and Viertot of Normandy which appears to come from Old Scandinavian. After the Norman conquest, it was held by the Archbishop of York under Michael FitzHerbert. In the 12th century the church of St. Andrew was granted to Nostell Priory until 1268. Lucy, daughter of Piers FitzHerbert, married Sir William de Ros of Helmsley-in-Holderness [alias Hamlake) who acquired the manor of'Wyverthorp'.
In about 1271 the manor was acquired by William de Brewes, Baron Braose of Gower, on his marriage with Mary de Ros. Weaverthorpe was listed as being in the Wapentake of Buckrose which encompassed various villages in the East Riding of Yorkshire, it is now in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire. During the Second World War, MI6 secretly installed a new type of direction finding station in a field just south of the village, it consisted of an underground metal tank with an aerial protruding above rotated by the operator inside the tank; the station was used to find the locations of German secret service radio stations and their spies in Europe. The tower is reputed to be a mix of late Norman in construction; the chancel is separated from the nave by a Norman arch. The font is Norman. Above the south door of the nave is a sun-dial, with a part-illegible fragment of an inscription in Saxon characters, claimed as reading: " In honore Sancti andre - Herbert W.... Hoc Monasterium ", it has been claimed as a memorial to Herbert de Winchester.
Herbert of Winchester was chamberlain to King Henry I. His son William FitzHerbert was granted by King John, the lands of "Launsborough, Wyderthorpe and the two Lottum"; the unexplained reference to "ecclesiam de Clera" in the charter of King Stephen relating to "Wiverthorpe", might refer to a chapel attached to a local manor house. A Victorian benefactor of Weaverthorpe's St Andrew's church was local landowner Sir Tatton Sykes, he paid for 18 rural churches to be built, repaired or rebuilt in the East and North Yorkshire areas, but in the Wolds. St Andrew's church was restored by G E Street with "lavish furnishings and decorated roofs"; the Yorkshire Post described the church as boasting some impressive stained glass windows. The church was listed as Grade I in October 1966; the village sits in the Gypsey Race valley where the waters flow alongside the main street in the village. The waters of the Gypsey Race have carved a small valley out of the surrounding chalk; this has left small plateaus like the one that the Church of St Andrew is perched on as it overlooks the village.
The village lies 3.1 miles south of the A64 road at Sherburn. There was a railway station on the York to Scarborough Line at Sherburn, called Weaverthorpe, it had been renamed from Sherburn to Wykeham and renamed again to Weaverthorpe. This was to avoid confusion over place names. Gazetteers e.g.: "Bulmer's History and Directory of East Yorkshire" Media related to Weaverthorpe at Wikimedia Commons
Bishop Wilton is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated 4 miles north of Pocklington and 6 miles east of Stamford Bridge; the civil parish is formed by the village of Bishop Wilton and the hamlets of Gowthorpe and Youlthorpe. According to the 2011 UK census, Bishop Wilton parish had a population of 554 in 227 households, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 500 in 199 households. Just north of the village lies Bishop Wilton Wold, more referred to as Garrowby Hill. At 807 feet above sea level, it is the highest point on the Yorkshire Wolds. Through the centre of Bishop Wilton runs a shallow beck, flanked on both sides by open grass verges that serve as a habitat for endangered wildlife including water voles and newts; the village has a local shop, a small primary school, an art gallery with screen printing workshop, the Fleece Inn public house. St Edith's, the medieval Church of England parish church, is dedicated to Edith of Wilton; the church was restored in 1858–59 with internal embellishment to designs by J. L. Pearson.
It was designated a Grade I listed building in January 1967 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. The church is on the Sykes Churches Trail devised by the East Yorkshire Churches Group. Around the village there are walks on the Wolds with views across the Vale of York. Media related to Bishop Wilton at Wikimedia Commons Bishop Wilton in the Domesday Book Village web site The Fleece Inn Annual Bishop Wilton Show & Craft fair More photos of Bishop Wilton
Sir Tatton Sykes, 4th Baronet
Sir Tatton Sykes, 4th Baronet was an English landowner and stock breeder, known as a patron of horse racing. A younger brother of Sir Mark Masterman Sykes, he was educated from 1784 at Westminster School. Matriculating at Brasenose College, Oxford, on 10 May 1788, he spent several terms there. For some years he was an articled clerk to Farrar, attorneys in Lincoln's Inn Fields. In 1803 Sykes began sheep farming and breeding by purchasing ten pure Bakewells from Mr. Sanday's flock at Holmepierrepoint; these sheep he kept near Malton, where he soon became a ram-letter. At one of Robert Colling's sales he gave 156 guineas for the shearling Ajax; until nearly eighty he took an annual June ride into the midlands to attend Burgess's, Buckley's, Stone's sales of stock. In September 1861 he held his own fifty-eighth and last annual sale of sheep. While in London Sykes walked from London to Epsom to see Eager's Derby win in 1791, his name first appears in the Racing Calendar as an owner of racehorses in 1803, when his Telemachus ran at Middleham, Yorkshire.
In 1805 he rode his own horse Hudibras at Malton, Yorkshire, in a sweepstakes, won the race. In 1808 he matched his mare Theresa over a four-mile course at Doncaster for five hundred guineas, owners riding, won. For twenty years after this he from time to time kept a few horses in training at Malton for the purpose of mounting them himself in races for gentlemen riders, his colours were orange and purple, the last time he wore them on a winning horse of his own was in 1829, when on All Heart and No Peel he won the Welham Cup at Malton. Sykes was one of the largest breeders of blood-stock in the kingdom. For some of his stock he gave large prices, his stud numbered two hundred horses and mares: he bred Grey Momus, The Lawyer, St. Giles, Elcho and Lecturer, his annual sales were well attended, his stock fetched high prices. On the death of his elder brother on 16 February 1823, Sykes succeeded him as the fourth baronet, took up his residence at Sledmere House, near Malton, he devoted his time to agriculture, stock-breeding, fox-hunting.
By applying bones as manure he improved the value of the Wold estates belonging to his family, feeding sheep and growing corn where it had been impossible before. For 40 years Sykes was a master of foxhounds, hunting the country from Spurn Point to Coxwold, paying all the kennel expenses, he was an expert boxer, coached by Gentleman Jackson and Jem Belcher. Sykes was 74 in 1846 when he led in William Scott's horse—called after him, Sir Tatton Sykes—a winner of the St. Leger Stakes, his last visit to Doncaster was in 1862. He died at Sledmere on 21 March 1863, was buried on 27 March in the presence of three thousand persons. A portrait of him was painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence in 1805, another by Sir Francis Grant in 1848. Sykes married, on 19 June 1822, second daughter of Sir William Foulis, bart, she died on 1 February 1861, leaving Sir Tatton Sykes, 5th Baronet, Christopher Sykes of Brantingham Thorpe, M. P. for the East Riding of Yorkshire, six daughters. His daughter, Katherine Lucy Sykes, married Hon. Thomas Grenville Cholmondeley.
Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Sykes, Tatton". Dictionary of National Biography. 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co
Helperthorpe is a village in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. It is one of the Thankful Villages that suffered no fatalities during the Great War of 1914 to 1918; the parish church of St Peter was until the late 19th century a medieval building. In 1871–73 it was rebuilt by Sir Tatton Sykes of Sledmere; the architect for the new building was G. E. Street who included a spire based on the English Gothic of c. 1300. There are three richly decorated roofs over the nave and ground floor of the tower. A full set of stained glass windows was supplied by Clayton & Bell but this was replaced less than 20 years later; the irreparably damaged font was buried in the floor below a new one. Media related to Helperthorpe at Wikimedia Commons
English Gothic architecture
English Gothic is an architectural style originating in France, before flourishing in England from about 1180 until about 1520. As with the Gothic architecture of other parts of Europe, English Gothic is defined by its pointed arches, vaulted roofs, large windows, spires; the Gothic style was introduced from France, where the various elements had first been used together within a single building at the choir of the Basilique Saint-Denis north of Paris, built by the Abbot Suger and dedicated on 11 June 1144. The earliest large-scale applications of Gothic architecture in England are at Canterbury Cathedral and Westminster Abbey. Many features of Gothic architecture had evolved from Romanesque architecture; this evolution can be seen most at the Norman Durham Cathedral, which has the earliest pointed ribbed high vault known. English Gothic was to develop along lines that sometimes paralleled and sometimes diverged from those of continental Europe. Historians traditionally divide English Gothic into a number of different periods, which may be further subdivided to define different styles.
Gothic architecture continued to flourish in England for a hundred years after the precepts of Renaissance architecture were formalised in Florence in the early 15th century. The Gothic style gave way to the Renaissance in the 16th and 17th centuries, but was revived in the late 18th century as an academic style and had great popularity as Gothic Revival architecture throughout the 19th century. Many of the largest and finest works of English architecture, notably the medieval cathedrals of England, are built in the Gothic style. So are castles, great houses and many smaller unpretentious secular buildings, including almshouses and trade halls. Another important group of Gothic buildings in England are the parish churches, like the medieval cathedrals, are of earlier, Norman foundation; the designation of styles in English Gothic architecture follow conventional labels given them by the antiquary Thomas Rickman, who coined the terms in his Attempt to Discriminate the Style of Architecture in England.
Historians sometimes refer to the styles as "periods", e.g. "Perpendicular period" in much the same way as an historical era may be referred to as the "Tudor period". The various styles are seen at their most developed in the cathedrals, abbey churches and collegiate buildings, it is, however, a distinctive characteristic of the cathedrals of England that all but one of them, Salisbury Cathedral, show great stylistic diversity and have building dates that range over 400 years. Early English Decorated Perpendicular The Early English Period of English Gothic lasted from the late 12th century until midway through the 13th century, according to most modern scholars, such as Nikolaus Pevsner. According to the originator of the term in 1817, Thomas Rickman, the period ran from 1189 to 1307. In the late 12th century, the Early English Gothic style superseded the Romanesque or Norman style. During the late 13th century, it developed into the Decorated Gothic style, which lasted until the mid-14th century.
With all of these early architectural styles, there is a gradual overlap between the periods. As fashions changed, new elements were used alongside older ones in large buildings such as churches and cathedrals, which were constructed over long periods of time, it is customary, therefore, to recognise a transitional phase between the Romanesque and Early English periods from the middle of the 12th century. Although known as Early English, this new Gothic style had originated in the area around Paris before spreading to England. There it was first known as "the French style", it was first used in the choir or "quire" of the abbey church of St Denis, dedicated in June 1144. Before that, some features had been included in Durham Cathedral, showing a combination of Romanesque and proto-Gothic styles. By 1175, with the completion of the Choir at Canterbury Cathedral by William of Sens, the style was established in England; the most significant and characteristic development of the Early English period was the pointed arch known as the lancet.
Pointed arches were used universally, not only in arches of wide span such as those of the nave arcade, but for doorways and lancet windows. Romanesque builders used round arches, although they had occasionally employed pointed ones, notably at Durham Cathedral, where they are used for structural purposes in the Nave aisles. Compared with the rounded Romanesque style, the pointed arch of the Early English Gothic looks more refined, it allows for much greater variation in proportions, whereas the strength of round arches depends on semicircular form. Through the use of the pointed arch, architects could design less massive walls and provide larger window openings that were grouped more together, so they could achieve a more open and graceful building; the high walls and vaulted stone roofs were supported by flying buttresses: half arches which transmit the outward thrust of the superstructure to supports or buttresses visible on the exterior of the building. The barrel vaults and groin vaults characteristic of Romanesque building were replaced by rib vaults, which made possible a wider range of proportions between height
West Lutton is a village in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated 9 miles east from Malton, within the Yorkshire Wolds; the hamlet of East Lutton is 0.5 miles to the east. They are recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086 as one location, were home to at least five families. In common with other villages at the time, the Luttons suffered during William the Conqueror's Harrying of the North, during which many farms and homesteads were laid waste, evidenced by the dramatic drop in their annual contribution to the local landowner: from £14 in 1066 to less than £1 in 1086West Lutton forms part of the civil parish of Luttons; the village church, St Mary's, is designated a Grade II* listed building. The church contains a sculpture by the Derbyshire sculptor James Redfern. In 1823 West Lutton was in the parish of Weaverthorpe, the Wapentake of Buckrose, the Liberty of St Peter's in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Population, including East Lutton was 311. West Lutton occupations included six farmers, one of whom was a grocer and another a wheelwright, two further wheelwrights, a blacksmith, two shoemakers, two tailors, the landlord of The Board public house.
Widths="180px" Media related to West Lutton at Wikimedia Commons
Sledmere House is a Grade I listed Georgian country house, containing Chippendale and French furnishings and many fine pictures, set within a park designed by Capability Brown. It is located in the village of Sledmere, between Driffield and Malton, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England; the present house was begun in 1751, extended in the 1790s, rebuilt after a fire in 1911. It was once the home of Sir Mark Sykes, noted English traveller and diplomatic advisor, is now the home of Sir Tatton Sykes, 8th Baronet; the house is built in Nottinghamshire ashlar on three storeys to an H-shaped plan. William Sykes, migrated from Cumberland to the West Riding of Yorkshire, where he and his son became wealthy cloth traders. Daniel Sykes was the first member of the family to begin trading in Hull and made a fortune from shipping and finance. Richard Sykes concentrated on the flourishing Baltic trade in pig iron and the wealth of the family was built on this in the first half of the eighteenth century.
His son Sir Richard Sykes married Mary Kirkby, sister of Mark Kirby, heiress to the Sledmere estate. In 1751 Sir Richard Sykes demolished the previous Manor House at Sledmere, which had existed since medieval times, built a new mansion, he planted some 20,000 trees on the Wolds about his new home. He left no male heir however and on his death the estate passed to his brother Mark Sykes. Sir Mark's son, Sir Christopher Sykes, 2nd Baronet, MP for Beverley expanded the estate, he and his wife bought and enclosed huge areas of land for cultivation, built two new wings to the house, landscaped the grounds, planting 2,500 acres of trees. The entire village of Sledmere was moved. Sir Christopher left a vast estate of nearly 30,000 acres and a large mansion set in its own 200 acres of parkland, which survives in the family to the present day. Sir Christopher employed Joseph Rose, the most celebrated plasterer of his day, to decorate Sledmere; the result has been called among the finest plaster-work in England.
A catastrophic fire in 1911 destroyed the Adam-style 1790s interiors. It is said that Sir Tatton Sykes, 5th Baronet was too busy eating one of the milk puddings to which he was addicted to pay much attention, but villagers and estate workers loyally rescued pictures and furniture, china and carpets, doors and banisters, including the house's 1780 copy of the Belvedere Apollo; the roof fell in a few moments later. The original designs for the interiors had survived however, the house was restored. Sir Mark Sykes, 6th Baronet inherited the estate after his father; the Long Library at Sledmere, superbly restored, is one of the most beautiful rooms in England. The Drawing Room and Music Room were decorated by Joseph Rose; the Music Room contains a fine organ case designed by Samuel Green for the original house in 1751. However, there is nothing behind the facade pipes and the organ is unplayable; the Turkish Room was designed for Sir Mark Sykes, 6th Baronet, by an Armenian artist, David Ohannessian, inspired by one of the sultan's apartments in the Yeni Mosque in Istanbul.
The tiles were made in Kutahya, Anatolia in 1913 in Ohannessian's workshop, the Société Ottomane de Faïence. The attached Roman Catholic chapel has a fine ceiling painted by Thomas Errington, it depicts the four winged creatures of the Evangelist in the Chancel and in the Nave, a variety of birds including a swan, heron and lapwing. Sledmere House is set within a park of 960 acres designed in 1777 by Capability Brown and executed by Sir Christopher Sykes, 2nd Baronet; the plan still survives in the house. Its gardens include a paved sculpture court, an 18th-century walled rose garden and a laid out knot garden. Sledmere Monument is a 120 feet stone monument along the B1252 road on Garton Hill, built in memory of Sir Tatton Sykes, 4th Baronet, by his friends and neighbours in 1865. Sykes family of Sledmere The Big House: The Story of a Country House and its Family, Christopher Simon Sykes, Harper Perennial, London, 2005 Official site. Retrieved 27 November 2007. Karen Thompson. Sledmere with information about house interior and current resident Sir Tatton Sykes, 8th Bt.
Retrieved 27 November 2007. Sledmere village and house. Retrieved 27 November 2007. Historic England. "Details from image database". Images of England