Syriac Catholic Church

The Syriac Catholic Church known as Syriac Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch, is an Eastern Catholic Christian Church in the Levant that uses the West Syriac Rite liturgy and has many practices and rites in common with the Syriac Orthodox Church. Being one of the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, the Syriac Catholic Church has full autonomy and is a self-governed sui iuris Church while it is in full communion with the Holy See of Rome; the Syriac Catholic Church traces its history to the earliest days of Christianity. After the Calcedonian Schism the Church of Antioch became part of Oriental Orthodoxy, was known as the Syriac Orthodox Church, while a new Antiochian Patriarchate was established to fill its place by the churches which accepted the Council of Calcedon; the Syriac Orthodox Church came into full communion with the Holy See and the modern Syriac Orthodox Church is a result of those that did not want to join the Catholic Church. Therefore the Syriac Catholic Church is the continuation of the original Church of Antioch.

The Church is headed by Mor Ignatius Joseph III Younan, the Patriarch since 2009. Its Patriarch of Antioch has the title of Patriarch of Antioch and all the East of the Syriacs and resides in Beirut, Lebanon. Jesuit and Capuchin missionaries began to work among the Syriac Orthodox in Aleppo in 1626. So many of them were received into communion with Rome in 1662, when the Patriarchate had fallen vacant, the Catholic party was able to elect one of its own, Andrew Akijan, as Patriarch of the Syriac Church; this provoked a split in the community, after Akijan’s death in 1677 two opposing patriarchs were elected, one being the uncle of the other, representing the two parties. But when the Catholic Patriarch died in 1702, this brief line of Catholic Patriarchs upon the Syriac Church's See of Antioch died out with him. In 1782, the Syriac Orthodox Holy Synod elected Metropolitan Michael Jarweh of Aleppo as Patriarch. Shortly after he was enthroned, he in unity with the Pope of Rome. Since Jarweh, there has been an unbroken succession of Syriac Catholic Patriarchs.

The Syriac Catholic Church is sometimes called the Syrian Catholic Church. Furthermore, it is sometimes referred by its patriarchate, the Syriac Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch. See also: Syriac Catholic Patriarchs of Antioch; the Syriac Catholic Church was established by Saint Peter prior to his departure to Rome, extends its roots back to the origins of Christianity in the Orient. In the time of the first Ecumenical Councils, the Patriarch of Antioch held the ecclesiastical authority over the Diocese of the Orient, to be extended from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf, its scholarly mission in both languages: the Greek and Syriac was to provide the world and the Universal Church with eminent saints, hermits and pastors. Among these great people are Saint Ephrem, Doctor of the Church, Saint Jacob of Sarug. During the Crusades there were many examples of warm relations between Catholic and Syriac Orthodox bishops; some of these bishops favored union with Rome, but there was no push to unify until a decree of union between the Syriac Orthodox and Rome was signed at the Council of Florence September 30, 1444 - but the effects of this decree were annulled by opponents of it in the Syriac Church's hierarchy.

Jesuit and Capuchin missionaries evangelizing in Aleppo caused some local Syriac Orthodox faithful to form a pro-catholic movement within the Syriac Orthodox Church. In 1667, Andrew Akijan, a supporter of union with the Catholic Church, was elected as Patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church; this provoked a split in the community, after Akijan’s death in 1677, two opposing patriarchs were elected, with the Pro-Catholic one being the uncle of Andrew Akijan. However, when the Catholic Patriarch died in 1702, the Ottoman government supported the Syriac Orthodoxy's agitation against the Syriac Catholics, throughout the 18th century the Syriac Catholics underwent suffering and much persecution. Due to this, there were long periods when no Syriac Catholic bishops were functioning, so a Patriarch could not be elected, the community was forced to go underground. However, in 1782, the Syriac Orthodox Holy Synod elected Metropolitan Michael Jarweh of Aleppo as Patriarch. Shortly after he was enthroned, he in unity with the Pope of Rome.

After this declaration, Jarweh took refuge in Lebanon and built the still-extant monastery of Our Lady at Sharfeh, by that act became the Patriarch of the Syriac Catholic Church. Since Jarweh, there has been an unbroken succession of Syriac Catholic Patriarchs, known as the Ignatius Line. In 1829 the Ottoman government granted legal recognition to the Armenian Catholic Church, in 1845 the Syriac Catholic Church was granted its own civil emancipation. Meanwhile, the residence of the Patriarch was shifted to Aleppo in 1831. However, after the Massacre of Aleppo in 1850, the Patriarchal See was shifted to Mardin in 1854. After becoming recognized by the Ottoman Government in 1845 the Syriac Catholic Church expanded rapidly. However, The expansion was ended by the persecutions and massacres that took place during the Assyrian genocide of World War I. After that, the Syriac Catholic Patriarchal See was moved to Beirut away from Mardin, to which many Ottoman Christians had fl


Veep is an American political satire comedy television series that aired on HBO from April 22, 2012, to May 12, 2019. The series was created by Armando Iannucci as an adaptation of his sitcom The Thick of It; the protagonist of Veep is a fictional vice president. The series follows Meyer and her team as they attempt to make their mark and leave a legacy without becoming mired in the day-to-day political games that define American politics. Veep received critical acclaim and won several major awards, including seven consecutive nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, winning that award for its fourth and sixth seasons, its second and sixth seasons won the Writers Guild of America Award for Television: Comedy Series, its third season won the Television Critics Association Award for Outstanding Achievement in Comedy. Louis-Dreyfus' performance won her six consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, two Critics' Choice Television Awards, a Television Critics Association Award, five consecutive Golden Globe nominations.

For his portrayal of Selina's personal aide, Tony Hale received six consecutive Emmy nominations for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series, winning in 2013 and 2015. Other members of the cast who received Emmy nominations include Anna Chlumsky, Gary Cole, Matt Walsh, Martin Mull, Hugh Laurie, Peter MacNicol; the series follows the personal life and political career of Selina Meyer, Vice President and President of the United States. Her party affiliation is never discussed, although it is hinted in the fourth season finale that it is Democratic. A United States Senator from Maryland, Meyer campaigns for her party's nomination in the 2012 presidential election and is the front-runner, but loses the nomination to Stuart Hughes. Meyer subsequently is elected Vice President, her staff as Vice President, upon whom Meyer is reliant, includes chief of staff Amy Brookheimer. Additions to her team as president include White House Chief of Staff Ben Cafferty and political strategist Kent Davison.

Jonah Ryan a White House liaison to the Vice President's office and a New Hampshire congressman features prominently. At the outset of the series, Meyer finds herself relegated and ignored by Hughes, never depicted on-screen. In the second season, Meyer comes to accrue some power and influence and, by the end of the season, is considering challenging Hughes for their party's nomination in the 2016 election; this becomes a moot point when Hughes decides not to seek a second term and Meyer begins her presidential campaign in the third season. Hughes abruptly resigns and Meyer assumes the presidency at the end of the season; the election results in a tie between Meyer and challenger Bill O'Brien, leading to a vote in the House of Representatives during the fifth season to decide the next president after a recount in Nevada fails to alter the election's outcome. The House vote ends in a tie; the Senate vote ends in a tie. The sixth season follows Meyer out of office for the first time in the series, as she attempts to ensure her legacy by authoring a memoir, setting up a foundation and attempting to establish a presidential library.

At the end of the season, Meyer decides to run for president again. The seventh season sees Meyer attempting to run for president once again in the 2020 election, featuring her former political rivals Ryan and James as major competitors, in addition to introducing the young and progressive challenger Kemi Talbot; the series explores Meyer's personal life, such as her strained relationships with her daughter Catherine, ex-husband Andrew and a number of significant others. The lives and relationships of the other characters are explored intersecting with the series' principal narrative, satirizing the political activities and inner workings of the contemporary U. S. government. Julia Louis-Dreyfus as Selina Meyer: Born Selina Catherine Eaton, a former U. S. Senator from Maryland who, in the start of the series, is the titular Vice President, or "Veep", who has a strained relationship with the President. After the President declines to run for a second term, she begins campaigning for the presidency in Season 3.

At the end of Season 3, she becomes President. Due to a complex manipulation of constitutional law, she loses the presidential race in Season 5. After trying to decide what her post-presidential legacy should be during Season 6, she decides to run for another term as President by Season 7, she is divorced with one daughter, but remains romantically entangled with her ex-husband during the first two seasons and the sixth. She seems to display little

The Exorcist III

The Exorcist III is a 1990 American supernatural mystery horror film written and directed by William Peter Blatty. It is the third installment in the Exorcist series, an adaptation of Blatty's Exorcist novel Legion, it stars George C. Scott, Ed Flanders, Jason Miller, Scott Wilson and Brad Dourif. Despite its title, The Exorcist III is set 17 years after the original film and ignores the events of Exorcist II: The Heretic, it follows a character from the first film, Lieutenant William F. Kinderman, who investigates a series of demonic murders in Georgetown that have the hallmarks of the Gemini, a deceased serial killer. Blatty based aspects of the Gemini Killer on the real-life Zodiac Killer, one of several serial killers who enjoyed the original Exorcist. Blatty, who wrote the original Exorcist novel and the screenplay for its 1973 film adaptation, conceived The Exorcist III with Exorcist director William Friedkin attached to direct; when Friedkin left the project, Blatty adapted the script into Legion.

To Blatty's frustration, Morgan Creek demanded extensive last-minute changes, including the addition of an exorcism sequence for the climax. Though some of the original footage appears permanently lost, Scream Factory released a'Director's Cut' closer to Blatty's vision in 2016, with footage assembled from various sources. Following the critical and commercial failure of Exorcist II: The Heretic, The Exorcist III received mixed reviews and made modest returns at the box office. Lieutenant William F. Kinderman investigates the murder of a 12-year-old boy named Thomas Kintry. Kinderman takes his friend Father Dyer out to see It's a Wonderful Life. Kinderman is informed of a second murder- a priest, decapitated. Dyer is subsequently hospitalized and found murdered in his room the following day, with the misspelled words "IT'S A WONDERFULL LIFE", written on the wall in his blood; the fingerprints at the crime scenes do not match, indicating a different person was responsible for each. Kinderman reveals to the hospital staff that the murders fit the modus operandi of serial killer James "The Gemini" Venamun, executed seventeen years prior.

Kinderman visits the head of the psychiatric ward, Dr. Temple, who relates the history of one of his patients; the patient was found wandering aimlessly seventeen years ago with amnesia. He was locked up, catatonic until when he became violent and claimed to be the Gemini Killer. Kinderman sees. Karras' form appears to change into that of the Gemini Killer, he boasts of killing Father Dyer. That night, a nurse is murdered and Dr. Temple commits suicide. Kinderman returns to see Karras; the Gemini Killer explains that he is being aided by a "Master" - the same entity who had possessed Regan MacNeil. The "Master" was furious at being exorcised by Karras, is exacting its revenge by using Karras' body as a conduit for the Gemini Killer's spirit to continue his killing spree; each evening, the soul of the Gemini leaves the body of Karras and possesses the other patients elsewhere in the hospital, using them to commit the murders. The Gemini Killer reveals he had forced Dr. Temple to bring Kinderman to him.

The Gemini possesses an old woman, attempts to murder Kinderman and his family at their home, but the attack abruptly ends when Father Paul Morning arrives at the hospital and begins to perform an exorcism on Karras. The Gemini's "Master" intervenes, taking over Karras' body, Morning is wounded and mutilated. Kinderman attempts to euthanize Karras after finding Morning's body; the possessed Karras torments and attempts to kill Kinderman. Father Morning tells Karras to fight the Gemini. Karras regains control of his body and orders Kinderman to shoot him. Kinderman shoots Karras, freeing him from the Gemini Killer's spirit. Kinderman watches on as Karras' body is buried. William Peter Blatty, who wrote the original Exorcist novel and the screenplay for its film adaptation had no desire to write a sequel. However, he came up with a story titled Legion, featuring Lieutenant Kinderman, a prominent character in the original Exorcist novel, as the protagonist. Blatty conceived Legion as a feature film with William Friedkin, director of The Exorcist, attached to direct.

Despite the critical and commercial failure of the previous sequel, Warner Bros. was keen to proceed with Blatty and Friedkin's plans for another Exorcist film. Blatty said that "everybody wanted Exorcist III... I hadn't written the script, but I had the story in my head...and Billy loved it." Friedkin, soon left the project due to conflicting opinions between him and Blatty on the film. The project went into development hell, Blatty wrote Legion as a novel instead, published in 1983, it was a bestseller. Blatty decided to turn the book back into a screenplay. Film companies Morgan Creek and Carolco both wanted to make the film. Blatty offered directorial responsibilities to John Carpenter. However, they remained friends; as per the stipulations for h