Bridges of Budapest
The bridges of Budapest, crossing the River Danube from north to south are as follows: This table excludes rail bridges, bridges to islands and bridges that are outside of Budapest. The whole list of bridges of Budapest can be found below this table; the bridges are listed from north to south. It is a cable-stayed bridge serving as part of the M0 motorway. Preparations for its building began on January 6, 2006; the bridge was completed on September 30, 2008. The final structure spawns over two branches of the Danube with Szentendre Island in the middle where for environmental protection there is no exit; the eastern part of the bridge is cable stayed and, as it is on the main branch, that part allows safe passage for international river traffic, for all vessels that are authorized to pass through Budapest because of their manageability. There are 4 lanes and 2 hard shoulders on the bridge, but they are wide enough to be expanded to 6 lanes and 2 hard shoulders should the ring road in the area be widened.
The cable-stayed part of the bridge is 590 m long, with a 300 m span. Length: 674.40mIt was first given to public in 1913. It was exploded by the retreating German army in 1945. A new, temporary steel structure was built on the bases, from military materials which enabled rapid construction; the trains could use it with max. 15 km/h. It was demolished in 2008, when the bases were renovated and a new steel structure was placed onto them; this technically enables 160 km/h transit speeds, but for safety concerns related to the curves of the railway in the city, the maximum allowed transit speed is 80 km/h. The bridge connects Buda with Óbudai Island; the bridge was built from military materials. It was opened to public in 1955, it provided railway track connection to the ship factory. After the factory closed during the transition to capitalism, the rail tracks connecting the factory to the mainland were disassembled. Only that rail track section, on the bridge remained; the bridge serves pedestrian traffic and road traffic, but only provides one lane.
Traffic light decides. In the beginning only a port made transit possible from Óbudai Island to the western bank of the Danube. In 1858 a wooden bridge was opened, it could be slid sideways to allow ships pass by. In 1884 it was replaced by a steel bridge. In 1968 a reinforced concrete bridge was opened in its place; this bridge still serves the traffic today. It has two lanes allowing cars to transit. Árpád Bridge or Árpád híd connects Pest across the Danube. It is the northernmost public bridge of the capital and the longest bridge in Hungary, spanning about 2 km with the sections leading up to the bridge, 928 m without them, it is 35.3 m wide. Margaret Bridge is the second second oldest public bridge in Budapest, it was planned by the French engineer Ernest Goüin and built between 1872-1876. Margaret Bridge became the second permanent bridge in Budapest after the Széchenyi Chain Bridge; this bridge leads across to Margaret Island, its two parts enclosing 150 degrees with each other at the embranchment towards the island.
The reason for this unusual geometry lies in the fact the small extension to connect the Margaret Island was hastily inserted into the original design, but not built until two decades due to lack of funds. It is 25 m in width, it was under complete reconstruction from 2009-2011. It was divided into two during the reconstruction so that all bus and tram traffic could pass it, except at the occasions of reconnecting the ground rails to the ones used on the bridge at the next stage. In the first phase, the public transport and pedestrians used the southern side, while the different parts of the north were disassembled and reconstructed; the southern half was reconstructed, the temporary rails were on the north. The last stage was the unification, the building of the final rail in the middle the finalizing of contents directly related to the users of public and the historical reconstruction; the bridge was restored to its state in 1937. The Széchenyi Chain Bridge is a suspension bridge that spans the River Danube between Buda and Pest, the west and east side of Budapest, the capital of Hungary.
The first bridge across the Danube in Budapest, it was designed by the English engineer William Tierney Clark in 1839, after Count István Széchenyi's initiative in the same year, with construction supervised locally by Scottish engineer Adam Clark. It opened in 1849, thus became the first bridge in the Hungarian capital. At the time, its centre span of 202 m was one of the largest in the world; the pairs of lions at each of the abutments were added in 1852. It is popular culture in Hungary to point out. Erzsébet Bridge is the third newest bridge of Budapest, it is situated at the narrowest part of the Danube, the bridge spans only 290 m. The original Erzsébet Bridge, along with all the other bridges of the city was blown up at the end of World War II by retreating Wehrmacht sappers, it was the only prewar bridge of Budapest, not rebuilt in its original form. The reason for not building the original bridge apart from budget considerations was that the original was a modern structure in its time.
Pictures and salvaged parts of the old bridge can be seen on the grass in front of the Museum of Transport in City Park. The standing slender white cable bridge was built on the same bases between 1961–1964, because the government did not want to con
William Tierney Clark
William Tierney Clark FRS FRAS was an English civil engineer associated with the design and construction of bridges. He was among the earliest designers of suspension bridges. Born in Bristol, he was apprenticed to a local millwright and – guided by noted engineers Thomas Telford and John Rennie – he progressed to practice as a consulting civil engineer, moving to London where, from 1811, he was engineer to the West Middlesex Waterworks Company, he designed the first suspension bridge to span the River Thames in London: Hammersmith Bridge, opened in 1827. He designed the Marlow Bridge, a suspension bridge across the Thames in Marlow and Norfolk Bridge, a suspension bridge over the River Adur in Shoreham-by-Sea, West Sussex. Internationally, he is revered for his design of the Széchenyi Chain Bridge across the Danube in Budapest, for which Marlow Bridge was a nearly identical, but smaller, prototype; the first bridge linking Buda and Pest, it was designed by Tierney Clark in 1839, with construction supervised locally by Scotsman Adam Clark.
It opened in 1849. Tierney Clark is credited with the design of a tunnel between Higham and Frindsbury, near Rochester in north Kent for the Thames and Medway Canal; the canal was not a success but the tunnel was subsequently adapted for use by the Gravesend and Rochester Railway. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Tierney Clark died in Hammersmith in Middlesex, his memorial in the local parish church, St Paul’s, shows an outline of his design for the nearby bridge. His bridge has since been replaced by a one designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette, which reuses the Tierney Clark pier foundations. Hungary commemorates Clark by an annual Tierney Clark Award for Civil Engineering presented by the Association of Hungarian Consulting Engineers and Architects. William Thierney Clark at Structurae Victorianweb.org's William Tierney Clark's Chain Bridge, Budapest
Hungarian Revolution of 1848
The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 was one of the many European Revolutions of 1848 and linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas. The revolution in the Kingdom of Hungary grew into a war for independence from the Austrian Empire, ruled by the Habsburg dynasty. After a series of serious Austrian defeats in 1849, the Austrian Empire came close to the brink of collapse. Thus, the new young emperor Franz Joseph I had to call for Russian help in the name of the Holy Alliance. Tsar Nicholas I answered, sent a 200,000 strong army with 80,000 auxiliary forces; the joint army of Russian and Austrian forces defeated the Hungarian forces. After the restoration of Habsburg power, Hungary was placed under brutal martial law; the anniversary of the Revolution's outbreak, 15 March, is one of Hungary's three national holidays. The Kingdom of Hungary had always maintained a separate parliament, the Diet of Hungary after the Austrian Empire was created in 1804; the administration and government of the Kingdom of Hungary remained untouched by the government structure of the overarching Austrian Empire.
Hungary's central government structures remained well separated from the imperial government. The country was governed by the Council of Lieutenancy of Hungary - located in Pozsony and in Pest - and by the Hungarian Royal Court Chancellery in Vienna. After the death of the Holy Roman Emperor, Joseph II, in February 1790, enlightened reforms in Hungary ceased, which outraged many reform-oriented francophone intellectuals who were followers of new radical ideas based on French philosophy and enlightenment. Ignác Martinovics worked as a secret agent for the new Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, until 1792. In his Oratio pro Leopoldo II, he explicitly declares that only authority derived from a social contract should be recognized. In another of his works, Catechism of People and Citizens, he argued that citizens tend to oppose any repression and that sovereignty resides with the people, he became a Freemason, was in favour of the adoption of a federal republic in Hungary. As a member of the Hungarian Jacobins, he was considered an idealistic forerunner of revolutionary thought by some, an unscrupulous adventurer by others.
He was in charge of stirring up a revolt against the nobility among the Hungarian serfs. For these subversive acts, Francis II, the Holy Roman Emperor, dismissed Martinovics and his boss, Ferenc Gotthardi, the former chief of the secret police, he was executed, together with six other prominent Jacobins, in May 1795. More than 42 members of the republican secret society were arrested, including the poet János Batsányi and linguist Ferenc KazinczyThough the Hungarian Jacobin republican movement did not affect the policy of the Hungarian Parliament and the parliamentary parties, it had strong ideological ties with the extra-parliamentary forces: the radical youths and students like the poet Sándor Petőfi, the philosopher and historian Pál Vasvári and the novel-writer Mór Jókai, who sparked the revolution in the Pilvax coffee house on 15 March 1848; the Diet of Hungary had not convened since 1811. The frequent diets held in the earlier part of the reign occupied themselves with little else but war subsidies.
In the latter years of Francis I the dark shadow of Metternich's policy of "stability" fell across the kingdom, the forces of reactionary absolutism were everywhere supreme. But beneath the surface a strong popular current was beginning to run in a contrary direction. Hungarian society, not unaffected by western Liberalism, but without any direct help from abroad, was preparing for the future emancipation. Writers, poets, artists and plebeian, layman and cleric, without any previous concert, or obvious connection, were working towards that ideal of political liberty, to unite all the Magyars. Mihály Vörösmarty, Ferenc Kölcsey, Ferencz Kazinczy and his associates, to mention but a few of many great names, consciously or unconsciously, as the representatives of the renascent national literature, accomplishing a political mission, their pens proved no less efficacious than the swords of their ancestors. In 1825 Emperor Francis II convened the Diet in response to growing concerns amongst the Hungarian nobility about taxes and the diminishing economy, after the Napoleonic wars.
This -- and the reaction to the reforms of Joseph II -- started. But the Nobles still retained their privileges of paying no taxes and not giving the vote to the masses; the influential Hungarian politician Count István Széchenyi recognized the need to bring the country the advances of the more developed West European countries, such as England. It was a direct attack upon the constitution which, to use the words of István Széchenyi, first "startled the nation out of its sickly drowsiness". In 1823, when the reactionary powers were considering joint action to suppress the revolution in Spain, the government, without consulting the diet, imposed a war-tax and called out the recruits; the county assemblies protested against this illegal act, Francis I was obliged, at the diet of 1823, to repudiate the action of his ministers. But the estates felt that the maintenance of their liberties demanded more substantial guarantees than the dead letter of ancient laws. Széchenyi, who had resided abroad and studied Western institutions, was the recognized leader of all those who wished to create a new Hungary out of the old.
For years he and his friends educated public opinion by issuing innumerable pamphlets in which
Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék was a Hungarian politician, political theorist, writer. Considered one of the greatest statesmen in his nation's history, within Hungary he is still known to many as "the Greatest Hungarian". Széchenyi was born in Vienna to Countess Juliána Festetics de Tolna; the Széchenyis were an influential noble family of Hungary. Traditionally loyal to the House of Habsburg, they were linked with noble families, such as the Liechtenstein, the House of Esterházy and the House of Lobkowicz. István Széchenyi's father was an enlightened aristocrat; the boy spent his childhood both on the family estate of Nagycenk, Hungary. After his private education, the young Széchenyi joined the Austrian army and participated in the Napoleonic Wars, he was seventeen years old. He fought with distinction at the battle of Raab and on 19 July brought about the subsequent junction of the two Austrian armies by conveying a message across the Danube to General Chasteler at the risk of his life.
Memorable was his famous ride, through the enemy's lines on the night of 16–17 October 1813, to convey to Blücher and Bernadotte the wishes of the two emperors that they should participate in the battle of Leipzig on the following day, at a given time and place. In May 1815 he was transferred to Italy, at the battle of Tolentino scattered Murat's bodyguard by a dashing cavalry charge, he left the service as a first lieutenant in 1826, turned his interest towards politics. From September 1815 to 1821, Széchenyi traveled extensively in Europe, visiting France, Italy and the Levant, studying their institutions, he established important personal connections. The rapid modernisation of Britain fascinated him the most, influenced his thinking, he was impressed with the Canal du Midi in France, began to envision ways to improve navigation on the lower Danube and Tisza. The Count became aware of the growing gap between the modern world and his native Hungary. For the rest of his life, he was a determined promoted development.
Széchenyi found early political support from his friend, Baron Miklós Wesselényi, a noble from Transylvania. Széchenyi gained a wider reputation in 1825, by supporting the proposal of the representative of Sopron county, Pál Nagy, to establish the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, his example brought donations of 58,000 florins from three other wealthy nobles, they gained Royal approval for the Academy. He wanted to promote the use of the Hungarian language in this effort; this was an important milestone for the reform movement. In 1827, he organized the Nemzeti Kaszinó, or National Casino, a forum for the patriotic Hungarian nobility; the Casino had an important role in the reform movement by providing an institute for political dialogues. To reach a wider public, Széchenyi decided to publish his ideas, his series of political writings, the Hitel, the Világ, the Stádium, addressed the Hungarian nobility. He condemned their conservatism and encouraged them to give up feudal privileges, act as the driving elite for modernization.
Széchenyi, established the Óbuda Shipyard on the Hungarian Hajógyári Island in 1835, the first industrial scale steamship building company in the Habsburg Empire. Széchenyi envisioned his program for Hungary within the framework of the Habsburg Monarchy, he was convinced that Hungary needed a gradual economic and cultural development. The latter he found dangerous within the multi-ethnic Kingdom of Hungary, where people were divided by ethnicity and religion. Besides his comprehensive political ideas, he concentrated on the development of transportation infrastructure, as he understood its importance for development and communication. Part of this program was the regulation of the flow of waters of the lower Danube to improve navigation, in order to open it to commercial shipping and trade from Buda to the Black Sea, he became the leading figure of the Danube Navigation Committee by the early 1830s, which completed its work in ten years. The river had been dangerous for ships and was not efficient as an international trading route.
Széchenyi was the first to promote steamboats on the Danube, the Tisza, Lake Balaton measures to open up Hungary to trade and development. Recognizing the potential for the project for the region, Széchenyi lobbied in Vienna to gain Austrian financial and political support, he supervised the works for years. During this period, he built up relations in the Balkan area, he wanted to develop Buda and Pest as a major political and cultural center of Hungary. He supported the construction of the first permanent bridge between the two cities, the Chain Bridge. Besides its improving transportation connections, the Chain Bridge was a symbolic structure, foreshadowing the unification of the two cities as Budapest, connected across rather than divided by the river. In 1836 at the age of 45, Széchenyi married Countess Crescence Seilern in Buda, they had three children: Júlia Széchenyi, who died at the age of three months Béla Széchenyi
Harry Houdini was a Hungarian-born American illusionist and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts. He first attracted notice in vaudeville in the US and as "Harry Handcuff Houdini" on a tour of Europe, where he challenged police forces to keep him locked up. Soon he extended his repertoire to include chains, ropes slung from skyscrapers, straitjackets under water, having to escape from and hold his breath inside a sealed milk can with water in it. In 1904, thousands watched as he tried to escape from special handcuffs commissioned by London's Daily Mirror, keeping them in suspense for an hour. Another stunt saw him buried alive and only just able to claw himself to the surface, emerging in a state of near-breakdown. While many suspected that these escapes were faked, Houdini presented himself as the scourge of fake spiritualists; as President of the Society of American Magicians, he was keen to uphold professional standards and expose fraudulent artists. He was quick to sue anyone who imitated his escape stunts.
Houdini quit acting when it failed to bring in money. He was a keen aviator, aimed to become the first man to fly a plane in Australia. Erik Weisz was born in Budapest to a Jewish family, his parents were Cecília Steiner. Houdini was one of seven children: Herman M., Houdini's half-brother, by Rabbi Weisz's first marriage. Weisz arrived in the United States on July 3, 1878, on the SS Fresia with his mother and his four brothers; the family changed their name to the German spelling Weiss, Erik became Ehrich. The family lived in Appleton, where his father served as Rabbi of the Zion Reform Jewish Congregation. According to the 1880 census, the family lived on Appleton Street in an area, now known as Houdini Square. On June 6, 1882, Rabbi Weiss became an American citizen. Losing his job at Zion in 1882, Rabbi Weiss and family moved to Milwaukee and fell into dire poverty. In 1887, Rabbi Weiss moved with Ehrich to New York City, where they lived in a boarding house on East 79th Street, he was joined by the rest of the family.
As a child, Ehrich Weiss took several jobs, making his public début as a 9-year-old trapeze artist, calling himself "Ehrich, the Prince of the Air". He was a champion cross country runner in his youth; when Weiss became a professional magician he began calling himself "Harry Houdini", after the French magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, after reading Robert-Houdin's autobiography in 1890. Weiss incorrectly believed. In life, Houdini claimed that the first part of his new name, was an homage to Harry Kellar, whom he admired, though it was more adapted from "Ehri," a nickname for "Ehrich,", how he was known to his family; when he was a teenager, Houdini was coached by the magician Joseph Rinn at the Pastime Athletic Club. Houdini was a member of St. Cecile Lodge # 568 in New York City. In 1918, he registered for selective service as Harry Handcuff Houdini. Houdini had little success, he appeared in a tent act with strongman Emil Jarrow. He performed in dime museums and sideshows, doubled as "The Wild Man" at a circus.
Houdini focused on traditional card tricks. At one point, he billed himself as the "King of Cards"; some - but not all - professional magicians would come to regard Houdini as a competent but not skilled sleight-of-hand artist, lacking the grace and finesse required to achieve excellence in that craft. He soon began experimenting with escape acts. In 1893, while performing with his brother "Dash" at Coney Island as "The Brothers Houdini", Houdini met a fellow performer, Wilhelmina Beatrice "Bess" Rahner. Bess was courted by Dash, but she and Houdini married in 1894, with Bess replacing Dash in the act, which became known as "The Houdinis". For the rest of Houdini's performing career, Bess worked as his stage assistant. Houdini's big break came in 1899 when he met manager Martin Beck in Minnesota. Impressed by Houdini's handcuffs act, Beck advised him to concentrate on escape acts and booked him on the Orpheum vaudeville circuit. Within months, he was performing at the top vaudeville houses in the country.
In 1900, Beck arranged for Houdini to tour Europe. After some days of unsuccessful interviews in London, Houdini's British agent Harry Day helped him to get an interview with C. Dundas Slater manager of the Alhambra Theatre, he was introduced to William Melville and gave a demonstration of escape from handcuffs at Scotland Yard. He succeeded in baffling the police so that he was booked at the Alhambra for six months, his show was an immediate hit and his salary rose to $300 a week. Houdini became known as "The Handcuff King." He toured England, the Netherlands, Germany and Russia. In each city, Houdini challenged local police to restrain him with shackles and lock him in their jails. In many of these challenge escapes, he searched. In Moscow, he escaped from a Siberian prison transport van, claiming that, had he been unable to free himself, he would have had to travel to Siberia, where the only key was kept. In Cologne, he sued a police officer, Werner Graff, who alleged that he made his escapes via bribery.
Houdini won the case when he opened the judge's safe (he said th
Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam
Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam is a 1999 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali. It was released internationally as Straight From the Heart; the film stars Salman Khan, Ajay Devgn and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and is shot at Prag Mahal, Gujarat. The story is based on a love triangle, it reflects the influence of the German novella Immensee and the 1943 Nazi-era film based on it, Immensee. It is widely considered as a remake of Andha Ezhu Naatkal and Woh Saat Din, it was filmed throughout the Gujarat-Rajasthan border region, in addition to Budapest, used to represent Italy. The film was premiered in the Indian Panorama section at the 1999 International Film Festival of India, it was remade in Bengali as Neel Akasher Chandni in 2009, with Jeet reprising Salman Khan's role, Jisshu Sengupta reprising Ajay Devgn's role, Koel Mallick reprising Aishwarya Rai's role. Nandini is the daughter of a renowned proponent of Indian classical music, it is announced that a young man named Sameer will be arriving to stay with the Darbar family, as he wants to grasp the intricacies of Indian classical music under the guidance of the Pundit.
He is accommodated in Nandini's room. At first the two tease and prank one another, but soon enough they fall in love; the two spend romantic moments including weddings and festivals. One day, the pair are caught rehearsing their wedding vows by the Pundit and he is enraged since he has planned Nandini's wedding with Vanraj, who had fallen in love with her during her cousin Anu's wedding. Sameer is banished from the household and the Pundit quits singing since he believes Nandini has brought shame to the family. Sameer is asked never to meet Nandini again. Although he leaves for Italy, he writes letters to Nandini asking her to join him, but his letters do not reach her. After a futile suicide attempt, Nandini reluctantly weds Vanraj, he tries to consummate their marriage on their wedding night, but Nandini is disgusted by his approach and acts coldly towards him. He asks her for an explanation but she chooses to remain silent. Nandini receives Sameer's letters and Vanraj walks in on her reading them.
He is enraged and decides to return her to her parents, but soon realizes that since she is in love with another man, the right thing to do would be to unite the pair. Vanraj seeks his parents' consent. Nandini and Vanraj come up against dead ends searching for Sameer. During their search, they are mobbed and Nandini is shot in the arm. Moved by Vanraj's gentleness and affection towards her, Nandini begins to warm up to him, they are able to locate Sameer through his mother, Vanraj dutifully arranges for their meeting on the night of Sameer's debut concert. He bids goodbye to Nandini and walks away heartbroken. Upon meeting Sameer, she tells him that she has come to love Vanraj, she reflects on the unwavering love and devotion that Vanraj has showered upon her throughout their relationship, realises that Vanraj is her true soul mate. Sameer realizes. Heartbroken, Sameer lets her go back to Vanraj which she accepts and Sameer breaks down after she leaves and his mother consoles him, she runs back to him and he tells her that he cannot live without her.
Vanraj adorns a mangala sutra around her neck and they embrace each other with fireworks in the background. Ajay Devgn as Vanraj Salman Khan as Sameer Rossellini Aishwarya Rai Bachchan as Nandini Darbar/ Nandini Vanraj Zohra Sehgal as the Grandmother Vikram Gokhale as Pundit Darbar Smita Jaykar as Amritaa Rekha Rao as Kamna Kenny Desai as Bhairaon Sheeba Chaddha as Anupama Kanu Gill as Vanraj's mom Rajeev Varma as Vikramjeet Vinay Pathak as Tarun Helen as Mrs. Rosselline Dimple Inamdar as Shilpa Akash Karnataki as Bharat In 2000, Video-sound company in the United States, released the official DVD edition of the film with a "making of" segment; the main feature was presented in an aspect ratio of the original Dolby Digital 5.1 mix. The second release was by Digital Entertainment Inc; this was a collectors' edition two-disc set, filled with supplementary features. These included: Making of the Film IIFA 2000 and Zee Gold awards, 2000 Television Promos Theatrical Trailer Subtitles in English, French and Arabic Dolby Digital 5.1 Surround Audio Anamorphic Widescreen Presentation Attractive Information BookletShemaroo and Eros International released single-disc editions in the India market, sans supplementary features.
The movie was released under its English title Straight From The Heart. This DVD was released by Pathfinder Home Entertainment, a port of the Digital Entertainment Inc. edition, sans supplementary features. Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam was well received by most critics — for its emotional content and music — as well as the performances of the lead actors and a surprising performance by guest star Helen. Anupama Chopra said "this three-hour spectacular is stuffed with songs, comedy, devotional material, color-soaked dance numbers that are huge by Hindi standards." Michael Dequina writing for TheMovieReport.com said of the three leads "Rai, in a luminous, award-winning performance, fills in the conflicted emotional shades that Khan fails to bring with his one-dimensional presence.
Marlow is a town and civil parish within Wycombe district in south Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the River Thames, 4 miles south south-west of High Wycombe, 5 miles west north-west of Maidenhead and 33 miles west of central London; the name is recorded in 1015 as Mere lafan, meaning "Land left after the draining of a pond" in Old English. From Norman times the manor and borough were formally known as Great Marlow, distinguishing them from Little Marlow; the ancient parish was large, including rural areas west of the town. In 1896 the civil parish of Great Marlow, created in the 19th century from the ancient parish, was divided into Great Marlow Urban District and Great Marlow civil parish. In 1897 the urban district was renamed Marlow Urban District, the town has been known as Marlow. Marlow is recorded in the Domesday Book as Merlaue. Magna Britannia includes the following entry for Marlow: "The manor of Marlow, which had belonged to the Earls of Mercia, was given by William the Conqueror, to his Queen Matilda.
Henry the First, bestowed it on his natural son, Robert de Melhent, afterwards Earl of Gloucester, from whom it passed, with that title, to the Clares and Despencers, from the latter, by female heirs, to the Beauchamps and Nevilles, Earls of Warwick. It continued in the crown from the time of Richard III's marriage with Anne Neville, until Queen Mary granted it to William Lord Paget, in whose family it continued more than a century, it is now the property of Sir William Clayton bart. A descendant of the last purchaser". Marlow owed its importance to its location on the River Thames, where the road from Reading to High Wycombe crosses the river, it had its own market by 1227, although the market lapsed before 1600. From 1301 to 1307 the town had its own Member of Parliament, it returned two members from 1624 to 1867. Marlow is adjoined by a mile to the north. Little Marlow is nearby to the east along the A4155 Little Marlow Road and Bourne End is further along the same road. To the south across the Thames are Bisham and Cookham Dean, both in Berkshire, There has been a bridge over the Thames at Marlow since the reign of King Edward III The current bridge is a suspension bridge, designed by William Tierney Clark in 1832, was a prototype for and is twinned with the much larger Széchenyi Chain Bridge across the River Danube in Budapest.
The Junior Wing of the Royal Military College moved to Sandhurst on the borders of Berkshire and Surrey, was once based in West Street, Marlow, at Remnantz, a large house built in the early 18th century which served as the Junior Department of the College from 1801 until 1812. The weather vane on the building may date from that period; the building is now owned by the Bosley family. The Hand & Flowers, the first gastropub to hold two Michelin stars, is located on West Street, it is one of several local pubs serving award-winning beers brewed locally in Marlow Bottom by the Rebellion Beer Company. Marlow is the location of Marlow Lock, originating from the 14th century. Marlow is twinned with Marly-le-Roi, since 1980. Budavár, a district of Budapest, Hungary; the A4155 road runs through Marlow town centre, with the A404 lying one mile to the east, the M40 motorway further to the north, the M4 motorway to the south. Marlow is served by a railway station, the terminus of a single-track branch line from Maidenhead.
The train service is known as the Marlow Donkey, the nickname given to the steam locomotives that once operated on the line. There is a pub with the same name, located close to the railway station. Bus services are provided by Arriva to neighbouring towns, including High Wycombe, Henley-on-Thames and Reading. Education is provided by several schools, including: Great Marlow School Sir William Borlase's Grammar School Burford School Danesfield School Foxes Piece School Holy Trinity Church of England School Marlow Church of England Infant School Spinfield School St Peter's Catholic Primary School Marlow Rowing Club, founded in 1871, is one of Britain's premier rowing clubs and has produced many Olympic oarsmen including Sir Steve Redgrave; the club exercises above and below the lock. The Olympic lightweight men's double-sculls gold medallist at Beijing 2008, Zac Purchase, is a former member of Marlow Rowing Club. Marlow F. C. is the oldest football club in the town playing in Tier 8 Southern Football League Division One Central.
It finished 4th of 22 in the 2016/17 season. Another local football club, Marlow United F. C. plays in Tier 11 Thames Valley Premier League Premier Division and finished 2nd of 14 in the 2016/17 season. Marlow Rugby Club plays at Riverwoods Drive, it was founded in 1947 and runs a range of senior and mini-rugby teams. The England Rugby team had its training base at Marlow RFC until the late 1990s, when it moved to nearby Bisham Abbey. There are two cricket clubs, Marlow Park CC, Marlow Cricket Club, founded in 1829 and is now part of Marlow Sports Club. Marlow Cricket Club plays in the Thames Valley League; the Sports Club caters to field hockey, running, junior football and softball. There are two regattas associated with Marlow. Earliest records indicate a regatta took place annually on the River Th