click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Tāwhirimātea

In Māori mythology, Tāwhirimātea is the god of weather, including thunder and lightning, wind and storms. He is a son of Ranginui. In his anger at his brothers for separating their parents, Tāwhirimātea destroyed the forests of Tāne, drove Tangaroa and his progeny into the sea, pursued Rongo and Haumia-tiketike till they had to take refuge in the bosom of their mother Papa, only found in Tūmatauenga a worthy opponent and eternal enemy. To fight his brothers, Tāwhirimātea gathered an army of his children and clouds of different kinds - including Apū-hau, Apū-matangi, Ao-nui, Ao-roa, Ao-pōuri, Ao-pōtango, Ao-whētuma, Ao-whekere, Ao-kāhiwahiwa, Ao-kānapanapa, Ao-pākinakina, Ao-pakarea, Ao-tākawe. Grey translates these as'fierce squalls, dense clouds, massy clouds, dark clouds, gloomy thick clouds, fiery clouds, clouds which preceded hurricanes, clouds of fiery black, clouds reflecting glowing red light, clouds wildly drifting from all quarters and wildly bursting, clouds of thunder storms, clouds hurriedly flying on'.

Other children of Tāwhirimātea are the various kinds of rain and fog. Tāwhirimātea's attacks on his brothers led to the flooding of large areas of the land; the names of the beings involved in this flooding include Ua-nui, Ua-roa, Ua-whatu, Ua-nganga. Tregear mentions Hau-maringiringi as a personification of mists. Tāwhirimātea live on the sky with his father Rangi and star Rehua. Eons ago, the Sky Father and Papa, the Earth Mother, were in an eternal embrace because of their love for each other, their union gave rise to many powerful sons. As their sons grew up, they soon began to grow tired of living in a cramped up space, forever in darkness. One brother, Tūmatūenga, the God of War and Humans, suggested. However, his brother, Tāne, the God of Forests, suggested. Except for Tāwhirimātea, all other brothers accepted the proposal; the brothers individually tried to separate their parents, but Tāne put his head on the earth and feet in the sky and pushed them apart. Tāwhirimātea was enraged. So the god communed with his father.

Rangi reluctantly agreed to help his son wage a brutal war on his siblings. Rangi and Tāwhirimātea together had many children, they were the spirits of winds and rain. Tāwhirimātea set out to conquer his brothers. Tāwhirimātea first attacked Tāne, razed his forests, causing Tāne to flee. Next Tāwhirimātea attacked his brother, the Sea God, he caused huge waves, spreading panic in Tangaroa. Tangaroa was himself helpless before Tāwhirimātea, as the sea was in such a chaotic rage, harming all living beings. Having never seen such chaos at sea, many of Tangaroa's children deserted their father and took shelter with Tāne. Since Tangaroa is at war with Tāne. Tāwhirimātea pursued his brother and Haumia, the gods of cultivated and uncultivated food, but they were cleverly hidden by their mother, who still loved her children. Tāwhirimātea began to fight Tumatuenga; this time, Tumatuenga embedded his feet in earth, saving him from Tāwhirimātea's storms. He cast spells, but neither brother could prevail against each other.

Tāwhirimātea withdrew. To punish his brothers for cowardice, Tumatuenga invented the arts of hunting, agriculture and fishing, to subjugate their respective denizens as food for humans; however and Tawhirimatea still fight each other to this day. Another result of the war was that, most of the land was submerged into the ocean, because of Tāwhirimātea causing heavy rains and thunderstorms, he was maybe the only brother out of all of them to want their parents together. Raka-maomao – a wind god G. Grey, Polynesian Mythology, Illustrated edition, reprinted 1976. 1956. G. Grey, Nga Mahi a Nga Tupuna, fourth edition. First published 1854. 1971. E. R. Tregear, Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary, 1891. Tāwhirimātea – the weather in Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Villa Tehuelches

Villa Tehuelches is a Chilean village and capital of the commune of Laguna Blanca in the Magallanes Province and Antartica Chilena Region. This area of Patagonian plains is suitable for the breeding of sheep; the municipality was created on 30 December 1927 with the name of Morro Chico, renaming reformulation of borders, of agreement, Decree No. 2868, 26.10.1979. Offers educational services, taught in school, "Diego Portales", whose director is Doris Montiel Quedimán, who administers the internship for students coming from different sectors, both of Laguna Blanca as other municipalities and provinces Also enjoy access to emergency health care through a first aid post, in charge of university nurse Patricia Obilinovic Finally, the order and security of the township lies in the police station in Villa Tehuelches, whose Chief Officer checkpoint is Osvaldo Ferreira. Map Villa Tehuelche

Everybody Wants Some!! (film)

Everybody Wants Some!! is a 2016 American comedy film and directed by Richard Linklater, about college baseball players in Texas in 1980. The film stars Blake Jenner, Zoey Deutch, Ryan Guzman, Tyler Hoechlin, Glen Powell, Will Brittain, Wyatt Russell, it had its world premiere at South by Southwest on March 11, 2016, was theatrically released in the United States on March 30, 2016, by Paramount Pictures. The film was critically acclaimed. In Texas in the fall of 1980, college freshman Jake Bradford, an all-state pitcher in high school, moves into an off-campus house with other members of the college baseball team including his roommate Billy, nicknamed "Beuter" for his Deep Southern accent, he joins Finnegan, Roper and Plummer cruising campus by car, looking for women. Upperclassmen Roper and Finnegan both "strike out" with two women, but one of them, says she likes Jake. At a team meeting in the house, the coach introduces the new players, including freshmen Jake, Beuter and transfer students Jay and Willoughby.

The coach cites two rules: no alcohol in the house, no women upstairs. The team disregards the rules and hosts a drunken party during which several players take women up to their bedrooms; the next morning, Beuter leaves temporarily for home. The team goes out "cruising chicks", beginning the night at a local disco. Jay makes arrogant, racist remarks to a bartender, provoking a brawl, the team is ejected. Jay goes home, the rest of the team changes clothes and visits a western-themed bar; the next day Willoughby shares his marijuana and philosophy with the freshmen. Jake happens upon a high school teammate who has embraced punk subculture, he invites the team to a punk concert, with Jake's encouragement, they go. Jake leaves flowers and a note on Beverly's apartment door that night attends a massive party at the team’s house. Beverly calls him in the morning and they agree to meet, she says. At the team's first unofficial practice, Jay upsets his teammates by pitching aggressively. McReynolds, the team's captain and best player, puts Jay in his place by hitting a home run.

The coach calls Willoughby off the pitcher's mound. It is revealed that Willoughby is 30 and has been fraudulently transferring to new colleges to continue playing ball and enjoying the student lifestyle. Beverly invites Jake to "Oz", a costume party thrown by performing arts students. Jake mentions the party to his teammates and tries to tell them they would not enjoy it, but they cajole him into taking them. Although they feel out of place, they enjoy themselves all the same. Finnegan is ridiculed by his friends for pretending to be into astrology, Jake takes part in an improvised Alice in Wonderland–themed take on The Dating Game. Jake and Beverly spend the rest of the night together; the next morning, the semester begins and Jake and Beverly walk to class together. Two teammates razz Jake for not returning home that night, he runs into Plummer in his classroom, they settle in for their first lecture. Their history professor writes "Frontiers are where you find them" on the chalkboard; as their first college class begins and Plummer fall asleep.

Linklater wrote the first draft of the film in mid-2005, tried to finance it in 2009, but could not get production off the ground until Annapurna Pictures became involved. In August 2014, Linklater ceased involvement on the Warner Bros. film The Incredible Mr. Limpet, saying that he wanted to concentrate on a university-set, 1980s baseball film under the working title That's What I'm Talking About; the project is considered a spiritual sequel to Linklater's 1993 film Dazed and Confused, set on the last day of high school in 1976. Linklater considers the film a "spiritual sequel" to Boyhood because "it begins right where Boyhood ends with a guy showing up at college and meeting his new roommates and a girl."In September, Linklater offered Jenner, Hoechlin and Guzman roles as members of the baseball team the film focuses on. Hoechlin chose his role over returning to the fifth season of MTV's series Teen Wolf. In September, Annapurna Pictures became involved as a financial producer of the film, while Paramount Pictures signed on to handle distribution rights.

More cast members were announced, including Deutch and Powell. Principal photography began on October 2014 in Austin, Texas. Filming took place in Weimar, from October 15 to December 2. Other shooting locations included San Marcos, Bastrop, Elgin and San Antonio. A night shoot involving extras occurred on October 31, 2014, for a costume party scene in Taylor, Texas. On July 27, 2015, Paramount Pictures set the film for an April 15, 2016 release in the United States. In February 2016, the film was moved up in a limited release, it was moved to March 30. The film received a limited release across 19 locations in New York City and Los Angeles on March 30. Deadline Hollywood said ``. If it makes north of a $35K average, that would be fantastic." The film's opening weekend per-screen gross was $16,440. The film is rated R16 in New Zealand for sexual references and offensive language. On Rotten Tomatoes, 87% of critics gave the film positive reviews based on 186 reviews, with an average rating of 7.6/10.

The site's critical consensus reads, "Nostalgic in the best sense

Customization (anthropology)

Customization is the process in which an individual or a group appropriates a product or practice of another culture and makes it their own. In the introduction to their book The Anthropology of Globalization: a Reader and Rosaldo examine the dynamics of cultural customization in the face of globalization, they argue that as more people and cultures "are being cast into intense and immediate contact with each other", culture begins to lose its geographic associations, becomes re-attached to another location. The authors refer to this as reterritorialization, the "process of reinscribing culture in new time-space contexts, of relocalizing it in specific cultural environments”. Within this argument, they make clear that in being reterritorialized, cultural materials are changed and customized according to the receiving culture, that “they are interpreted and appropriated according to local conditions of reception"; this is important, because it challenges the image of the viewer as passive, someone who consumes culture without engaging with it.

The concept of customization acknowledges the viewer’s role in reconstructing cultural objects and practices and forming them to fit their new location. These interpretations are drastically different from the intentions of the original producer; as customization recycles culture, it allows for its re-creation. When examining customization within consumerism, the consumer as an individual is seen as self-consciously manipulating the symbolic meanings of given products. According to Campbell in his piece “The Craft Consumer”, this is done by selecting goods with specific intentions in mind to alter them. Campbell argues that consumers do this in an attempt to create or maintain their lifestyle or to construct their identity. Instead of accepting a foreign object for what it is, the foreign object is incorporated and changed to fit one's lifestyle and choices. Take for example, the baseball cap; the producer of the baseball cap designed it to be worn with the bill facing forward, while the ‘customizer’ might have a different intended purpose.

He or she might choose to change the orientation of the bill in order to better assimilate within his or /her cultural aesthetic. Within this example, one sees that products can be manipulated to serve individuals within the culture that the product is sold. Campbell argues. In the face of globalization, cultural practices are becoming more accessible and more people are being exposed to them. In this multicultural space, customization is helpful in maintaining one’s culture from afar. In his piece the “German Dual System”, Theodor Lewis argues that during this process a ‘decommodification’ occurs, where a commodity changes from being the “norm” to holding a personal value cultural. Lewis provides an example of customization, he examines the adaptation of human resource development models within the educational sector of less developed countries, documenting the various ways in which these countries adapt these models, whether they be imposed or taken on voluntarily. The goal behind their implementation is to stimulate “new growth and competitiveness in newly industrialized countries”.

Within his paper, he notes that the following methods of cultural exchange are used: cultural borrowing partial borrowing pilot borrowing customization conceptual borrowingHowever, within the review, customization is found to be most effective. Lewis argues that customization allows each country to take their own needs into account while allowing for cultural flows; this is important because cultural flows are inevitable. Instead of working against them, customization incorporates them. Reporter Jeong explains within the article that due to the borrowing of this system, Korea was able to modernize rapidly. Taking a customization approach is a “quick study of the experiences of older industrialized countries. Campbell, Colin. "The Craft Consumer". Journal of Consumer Culture 5.1. Print. Inda, Jonathan Xavier. "Introduction: A World in Motion." The Anthropology of Globalization a Reader. Malden [u.a.: Blackwell, 2007. 1-34. Print. Lewis, Theordore. "The Problem of Cultural Fit: What Can We Learn From Borrowing the German Dual System?"

Journal of Comparative Education 37.4: 463-77. Print. Pei-Jou and David A. Cranage. "Consumer's Response to Participation and Customization in Food Services: A Cultural Perspective." Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management 20.1: 24-36. Print

Wisconsin Referendum 1

Wisconsin Referendum 1 of 2006 was a referendum on an amendment to the Wisconsin Constitution that would invalidate same-sex marriages or any similar legal status. The referendum was approved by 59% of voters during the general elections in November 2006. All counties in the state voted for the amendment except Dane County; the constitutional amendment created by Referendum 1 has been nullified since June 26, 2015, when the United States Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that state-level bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional; the text of the adopted amendment, which became Article XIII, Section 13 of the state constitution, reads: Only a marriage between one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized as a marriage in this state. A legal status identical or similar to that of marriage for unmarried individuals shall not be valid or recognized in this state; as required by the constitution, the amendment was approved by both houses of the legislature, in two consecutive sessions.

The legislative history of the amendment is as follows: March 5, 2004: Approved by Wisconsin State Assembly by a vote of 68-27. March 12, 2004: Approved by Wisconsin State Senate by a vote of 20-13 December 6, 2005: Approved by the State Senate a second time, by a vote of 19-14. February 28, 2006: Approved by the State Assembly a second time. November 7, 2006: Approved by referendum, by a margin of 59.4%-40.6%. In April 2009 the Wisconsin Supreme Court was asked in McConkey v. Van Hollen to rule on whether the 2006 Referendum 1 was constitutional. William McConkey, a political science instructor, claimed that the measure violated the state's constitution because it proposed more than one question in a single ballot proposal, impermissible under Wisconsin law. On June 30, 2010, the Court ruled. However, on June 6, 2014 the United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin overturned all bans on same-sex marriage in the state. On October 6, 2014, same sex marriage was legalized in Wisconsin.

2005 Enrolled Joint Resolution 30 The Money Behind the 2006 Marriage Amendments -- National Institute on Money in State Politics

Harmonie Centre

The Harmonie Centre known as the Breitmeyer-Tobin Building, is an eight-story commercial building located at 1308 Broadway Street in Downtown Detroit, Michigan. It is part of the Broadway Avenue Historic District, it is known as the Tobin Building. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980; the east necklace of downtown links the stadium area to Greektown along Broadway. The east necklace contains a sub-district sometimes called the Harmonie Park District, which has taken on the renowned legacy of Detroit's music from the 1930s through the 1950s and into the present; the Breitmeyer-Tobin Building was built in 1906 for John Breitmeyer Sons, who were at the time the leading florists in Detroit. The firm's president, Philip Breitmeyer, served as the mayor of Detroit from 1909-1911. In 1926, the ownership of the building was transferred to the Peninsular Bank Company, the building was renamed the Peninsular Bank Building; the bank failed, ten years in the depths of the Great Depression, the building was 75% unoccupied.

Metropolitan was notable for its willingness to write small insurance policies for African-Americans. At around the same time, the owners of the building opened up office space to rental by African-Americans. In 1944, Benjamin Tobin acquired the building, renamed it the Breitmeyer-Tobin Building, marketed the office space to black professionals. Notable African-American firms had offices in the building, including the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; the building has been refurbished, with commercial space on the first floor and various offices in the upper floors. The eight-story building, designed by the architectural firm of Raseman & Fischer, is an unusual Beaux-Arts building from the turn of the century, it includes glazed terra cotta elements. Harmonie Club Music of Detroit