A T-tail is an empennage configuration in which the tailplane is mounted to the top of the fin. The arrangement looks like the capital letter T, hence the name; the T-tail differs from the standard configuration in which the tailplane is mounted to the fuselage at the base of the fin. The tailplane is kept well out of the disturbed airflow behind the wing and fuselage, giving smoother and faster airflow over the elevators; this configuration may give more predictable design better pitch control. Responsive pitch control is crucial for aircraft flying at low speed, to allow effective rotation on landing; this configuration allows high performance aerodynamics and an excellent glide ratio as the empennage is less affected by wing and fuselage slipstream. A T-tail has a better effective aspect ratio, less interaction drag than a cruciform tail, a more efficient vertical tail, the horizontal tail plate increasing the aspect ratio of the fin by virtue of the'end plate' effect, reducing turbulence and hence the induced drag of the fin.
The rudder will be more effective due to decreased induced drag. Therefore, the T-tail configuration is popular on gliders, where high performance is essential. A T tailed aircraft is easier to recover from a spin than aircraft with other types of empennage, as the elevator is located above the rudder, thus creating no dead air zone above the elevator where the rudder would be ineffective in spin conditions. Airborne and parachute operations off a T tailed cargo plane, such as Airbus A400M or Boeing C-17 Globemaster are safe, as there is no danger of the parachutists or dropped cargo hitting the empennage; the aircraft may be prone to suffering a dangerous deep stall condition, where a stalled wing at high angles of attack may blank the airflow over the tailplane and elevators, thereby leading to loss of pitch control. The American McDonnell F-101 Voodoo jet fighter suffered from this throughout its service life; the vertical stabilizer must be made stronger and stiffer to support the forces generated by the tailplane.
The T-tail configuration can cause maintenance concerns. The control runs to the elevators are more complex, elevator surfaces are much more difficult to casually inspect from the ground for all but the smallest aircraft; the loss of Alaska Airlines Flight 261 was directly attributed to lax maintenance of the T-tail. In order to mitigate some of these drawbacks, a compromise is possible; the tailplane can be mounted part way up the fin rather than right at the top, known as a cruciform tail. The Sud Aviation Caravelle is an example of an aircraft with this configuration; the T-tail is common on aircraft with engines mounted in nacelles on a high-winged aircraft or on aircraft with the engines mounted on the rear of the fuselage, as it keeps the tail clear of the jet exhaust. These layouts are found in military transport aircraft - such as the Ilyushin Il-76, Airbus A400M and the Boeing C-17 Globemaster III - and regional airliners and business jets such as the Pilatus PC-12, Beechcraft Super King Air, Embraer ERJ, British Aerospace 146, Learjet and Gulfstream families.
It is seen in combat aircraft, although the Gloster Javelin, McDonnell F-101 Voodoo, Lockheed F-104 Starfighter interceptors all sported T-tails. Cruciform tail Pelikan tail Twin tail V-tail Hans Multhopp, a pioneer user of the T-Tail concept near World War II's end "T-tails and top technology". Flight International. 13 Oct 1979
Regulation No. 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the European Council is a regulation of 9 March 2011 that lays down harmonised conditions for the marketing of construction products and replaces Construction Products Directive. The EU regulation is designed to simplify and clarify the existing framework for the placing on the market of construction products. Provisions of the new EU Regulation seek to: Clarify the affixing of CE marking to construction products. Introduce the need to issue a declaration of performance as a basis for CE marking. Define clear rules for the assessment and verification of constancy of performance systems applicable to construction products. Define the role and responsibilities of manufacturers, importers, notified bodies, technical assessment bodies, market surveillance and Member States' authorities as regards the application of this EU regulation. Introduce simplified procedures enabling cost reductions for businesses SMEs. Provide a clear framework for the harmonised technical specifications.
EU regulations are supranational laws which come into force automatically for all EU members states without requiring a further national transposition. The main objective of the CPR is the removal of technical barriers to trade in order to guarantee the free movement of construction products within the common internal market due to differing product and test standards, approval processes and conformity documents in the various member states. Key element to this, are the European Assessment Documents. Harmonized standards are established by the European standardization bodies CEN and CENELEC with the involvement of stakeholders. Where a manufacturer would like to declare the characteristics for a construction product not yet covered by a harmonized product standard, he may use the procedure to establish a European technical assessment. Given that it was not possible to create this harmonization at national level, these measures have been taken on a European level following the principle of subsidiarity of Article 5 of the treaty of the European Union.
The same treaty specifies that the European Union shall not interfere with the competences of its members states, which are sovereign in defining all means to assure that constructions satisfy their set objectives for health and protection. This is why the CPR concentrates on the performances of construction products and the use of the corresponding CE marking; the CPR lists seven essential basic requirements for construction works which construction works must satisfy in general, but at the same time the CPR leaves it to the Members States to select how they are applied nationally. Mechanical resistance and stability Safety in case of fire Hygiene and the environment Safety and accessibility in use Protection against noise Energy economy and heat retention Sustainable use of natural resourcesFurther the CPR states that Construction works as a whole and in their separate parts must be fit for their intended use; those characteristics which relate to these basic requirements for construction works are defined as essential characteristics of construction products.
The CE marking expresses the conformity of the characteristics of the building product to these essential characteristics and the fulfillment of the applicable requirements of the harmonized EU legislation. Thus, with the CE marking of construction products, the manufacturer takes on both responsibilities, the conformity of the product and the fulfillment of the essential characteristics. Member states cannot prohibit the "making available" of such CE marked products and cannot prohibit the use of such products as long as the declared characteristics satisfy all national requirements. To affix the CE marking to a construction product, the manufacturer is obliged to draw up a Declaration of Performance when a construction product is covered by a harmonized standard or conforms to a European Technical Assessment. Any information about the product's performance in relation to the essential characteristics may be provided only in the form of a declaration of performance; the CE marking shall be applied to the product itself and where this should not be possible to the packaging or accompanying documents.
The declaration shall be supplied in paper form supplied by electronic means made available on a website The declaration must be written in the language of the member state where the product is made available. The DoP shall be drawn up according to the prescribed model as set out in annex III of the CPR and contain at least the following: reference to the product type system of assessment reference number and date of the harmonized standard the intended use the list of essential characteristics the performance of at least one of the essential characteristicsIn order to be able to draw up a Declaration of Performance, manufacturers have to go through a process which includes phases of documentation, third-party verification and certification; the CPR details five different assessment procedures with decreasing severity. Tasks to be developed are described in Annex V of the regulation amended by Commission Delegated Regulation 568/2014Depending on the applicable assessment procedure, the manufacturer must develop technical documentation describing in detail the construction produc
Imre Czomba is a Los Angeles based Composer, Film Composer, Arranger, Music Producer, Musician. A prominent figure in the International Music scene since 1993, he is most recognized for his numerous theatrical compositions and productions, including musicals, international events, dance theatre shows. Imre earned international acclaim for his 18-year collaboration with ExperiDance, a famous dance troupe whose shows premiered in top theaters across Europe and Asia, his international repertoire includes compositions for the 2008 Summer and 2014 Winter Olympic Games, the 2013 European Judo Championship and the 2006 European Aquatic Championship Official Song. In 2008 and 2009 Imre was selected to compose music for the prestigious Hungarian National Day firework shows, each with a viewership of over 3 million people. At an early point in his career, Imre was inspired by the blues, which can be heard in his piano playing, he has been a member of several top blues bands and has performed on the same stages with B. B.
King, Zucchero and Robben Ford. Imre has appeared on over 110 albums and as a composer, orchestrator, music producer and musician, he has been the recipient of 14 Platinum and 4 Double Platinum albums. In the pop music world his most notable success was with the band Nox, who went on to win a number of local awards, including the Golden Giraffe. In 2000 Imre's career took a different turn when he was asked to compose music for several successful plays such as Merlin Theatre's Deathtrap; that experience leads to a meeting with choreographer Sandor Roman with whom Imre developed the unique harmony of dance and music for ExperiDance. The dance group is committed to the heritage of Hungarian folk dance. Imre is composing an outstanding music repertoire built around Hungarian folk music but manages to step outside its boundaries; this new musical direction has turned into a grandiose part of world-music. These stage-shows are played on the main stages of Budapest's top theaters, in bigger cities countrywide as guest-performances.
He has many successful musical plays, for example, Birth of a Country. The shows were performed with 10 singers at Budapest's most famous Hero Square. Untouchables played at the Margaret Island Open-Air Stage and The Taming of the Shrew played at the RaM Colosseum. In 2006 Imre got the opportunity to compose the official song of the 2006 European Aquatics Championships. Sports lovers all over the continent enjoyed the song and it went platinum on the day of its CD release; this led to Imre composing the Hungarian Olympic Team's official song in 2008, the Judo European Championship's official song in 2013 and Evgeni Plushenko's Russian National Championship and Winter Olympic Music. 2016 Penetration – Fringe Hollywood, Los Angeles 2016 Benyovszky – Budapest 2016 Nostradamus – Budapest 2015 I, Leonardo – Milano 2014 A Night in Venice – RaM Colosseum, Budapest 2014 Játékkészítő – Tüskecsarnok, Budapest 2013 The Taming of the Shrew – RaM Colosseum, Budapest 2013 Radnóti – RaM Colosseum, Budapest 2012 Untouchable – Margaret Island Open-Air Stage, Budapest 2011 The Person of the King – RaM Colosseum, Budapest 2009 Happines 69:09 – Palace of the Arts, Budapest 2008 Measure for measure – National Dance Theatre, Budapest 2007 Essence – Beijing 2007 The Birth of a country – Hero Square, Budapest 2006 Festen – Pesti Theatre, Budapest 2006 Gypsies of Nagyida – National Dance Theatre, Budapest 2005 Steel, the legend of the metal – Bolzan Urban Theatre 2002 Revans – National Theatre, Budapest 2001 One Thousand and one year – Szolnoki Szigligeti Theatre 2001 Deathtrap – Merlin Theatre, Budapest 2000 E.
Tango – Thalia Theatre, Budapest He was honored with an invitation to write music for the Hungarian National Day's fireworks in 2008 and 2009. With over 3 million viewers, it was an unforgettable moment in his professional life, he next turned to television as a conductor and a music producer, working on shows such as League of Stars and Csinaljuk a fesztivalt a popular new TV program that features the biggest Hungarian hits of the last 50 years. He collaborated with friends Gabor Erdelyi and Attila Arpa to make the short film The Meldrum house, which won the best film at the 2012 American International Film festival and the 2013 FEBIO International Film Festival. In 2013, Imre moved to Los Angeles. Since he has scored several International Film Productions, composed music for the Argo2, The True Adventures of Raoul Walsh, Cinema Inferno and The Coffin Footage. 2020 Unfinished Business 2020 Obscene Beauty 2019 Canary in a mine 2019 Twisted Sisters 2019 Courage of Eva Kollar 2019 Kölcsönlakás 2018 Tesla Files 2018 JDM Legends 2018 It's Suppertime!
2018 Apacheria 2018 Akil 2017 Beneath the Leaves 2017 Eva Kolosvary Artist at 80 2015–2018 Celebrity Opera Series at Broad Stage 2016 Search Party in Beverly Hills 2016 Last Vow 2015 The Coffin Footage 2015 Argo2, Action Comedy 2014 Cinema Inferno 2014 The True Adventures of Raoul Walsh 2014 Chance of a Lifetime 2014 Kényszerszinglik 2014 Midnight in Hollywood 2014 Countryside Encounters: Out of the City 2013 Water, Our Past and Future 2013 Matter Death and Life 2012 Becsengetünk és elfutunk 2012 Meldrum House 2011 Flow 2011 Nagy duett (TV Show S
Albania–China relations refer to the current and historical relations of Albania and China. The two countries established diplomatic relations on November 23, 1949. Albania has an embassy in Beijing and China has an embassy in Tirana. From the 1960s onwards, the People's Republic of Albania under Enver Hoxha, moved an annual resolution in the General Assembly to transfer China's seat at the UN from the Republic of China to the People's Republic of China. On October 25, 1971, Resolution 2758, sponsored by Albania, was passed by the General Assembly, withdrawing recognition of the ROC as the legitimate government of China, recognizing the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China. China considers Albania an important part of Road Initiative. In 2001, the two countries signed three agreements covering financial and technical aspects of constructing a new hydroelectric power facility —to be known as Hydro Central— in northern Albania. China pledged USD126 million in credit to the project. Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha visited Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao in April 2009.
Wen put forth a four-point proposal to further cooperation with Albania. It urged both countries to: increase exchanges at all levels to cement political relations by using the opportunity of the 60th anniversary of Sino-Albanian ties. Foreign relations of Albania Foreign relations of China Sino-Albanian split
National Aerospace Development Administration is the official space agency of North Korea, succeeding the Korean Committee of Space Technology. It was founded on April 1, 2013; the current basis for the activities of NADA is the Law on Space Development, in 2013 the 7th session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly was passed. The Act sets out the North Korean principles of peaceful development of space determines compliance with the principles of the Juche ideology and independence, as well as the aim of solving scientific and technological problems of space to improve the economy and technology; the law regulates the position of the NADA and the principles of notification, security and compensation in relation to satellite launches. The law calls for cooperation with international organizations and other countries, the principle of equality and mutual benefit, respect for international law and international regulations for space; the law opposes the militarization of space. In 1980, KCST, the Executive Space Agency of North Korea, started research and development with the aim of producing and placing communications satellites, earth observation satellites and weather observation satellites.
In 2009, North Korea entered to the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies in, the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space Objects. The emblem of NADA consists of a dark blue globe with the word Kukgaujugaebalkuk in white Korean letters on the bottom, DPRK in light blue letters on the top, the constellation of Ursa Major, NADA in white letters in the middle, two bright blue rings symbolizing satellite orbits and the intention of place on all orbits of satellites; the logo is described as representing the agency's "character, mission and development prospect". Ursa Major is intended to glorify North Korea as a space power; the Western media point out that the logo strikingly resembles to NASA's logo — both with blue globes, white lettering and swooshed rings. North Korea's first orbital space launch vehicle. Based on the Moksong-1 ICBM called Taepodong-1 in the West.
Designed to compete with South Korea's KSLV-I. The Unha is a North Korean family of expendable carrier rockets; the Unha-1, Unha-2, Unha-3 and Unha-4 utilize the same delivery system as the Moksong-2 ICBM. Designed to compete with South Korea's KSLV-II, it will be able to place 1 ton into GSO. Utilize the same delivery system as the Moksong-3 ICBM. Designed to compete with South Korea's KSLV-III, it will be able to place 8 tons into LEO; this manned version based on an up-rated Unha-9, with additional strap-on boosters would double the liftoff thrust, suitable for placing a spacecraft, similar to the Chinese CZ-2F. Designed to compete with South Korea's KSLV-IV, the future Unha-20 will be able to place 20 tons into LEO. Based on the diameter of the flame exhaust bucket of 10m on the Tonghae Launch Complex 3 built and never finished, a larger booster with a diameter of 4.5m, thus equivalent to the Iranian solid propellant Qaem is still awaiting its inaugural launch. This is a list of satellites launched.
Designed to compete with South Korea's KSLV-IV, the future Unha-20 will be able to place 20 tons into LEO. It will be used in the North Korean Deep Space Exploration Program that includes the Moon and Mars; the first phase of the NKLEP. South Korean internet paper Jaju Minbo carried an article on March 23, 2012, that North Korea is to launch a lunar explorer satellite; the second phase of the NKLEP after orbiting. In an interview with The Associated Press, a senior official said on Aug. 4, 2016, that the North Koreans will start designing lunar orbiter and lunar lander after launching a GEO communication satellite as planned in the Second Space Development Five-Year Plan. The development and completion of the Paektusan-1 rocket engine was an epoch-making event that advanced the moon exploration plan. North Korea stated its ambition to land a probe on the Moon. Prerequisite paving the way for any manned moon landing, the third phase of the NKLEP after orbiting and landing would be to return rock samples to the Earth with a robotic probe.
Illustrated back in 2015's Pyongyang Science-Technology Complex, by a schematics of the orbital trajectory of the North Korean Lunar Exploration Program Phase III, the lunar sample-return mission. Launched with a heavy Unha-20 booster able to place 5t into a LTO, sometimes after 2026. Splash landing of the return capsule in the Pacific Ocean. Hyon Kwang Il, director of the scientific research department of North Korea's National Aerospace Development Administration, said that North Korea intends "to do manned spaceflight and scientific experiments in space, make a flight to the moon and moon exploration and exploration to other planets." In 2016, Hyon Kwang Il, director of NADA's scientific research department, said they planned to launch more satellites before 2020, including a geostationary satellite. He said that he hoped they would "plant the flag of the DPRK on the moon" within 10 years. In 2017, NADA officials unveiled two proposals for upcoming satellites. One of, an Earth remote-exploration satellite weighing in class over 100 kg with spatial resolution of several meters.
The second being a satellite with a proposed geostationary orbit for communication with an estimated weight of at least 1 short ton. Various media outlets have reported that North
Nassau Brewing Company known as the Budweiser Brewing Company of Brooklyn and Bedford Brewery, is a historic brewery complex located in the Crown Heights neighborhood of Brooklyn, Kings County, New York. It consists of two remaining industrial buildings dating from the 1860s to the 1880s and are in the Rundbogenstil and Romanesque Revival style; the brick buildings form an "L" - shape. The buildings feature substantial underground brick vaults constructed for the aging of lager beer at near-freezing temperatures; the brewery closed in 1916. The earlier sections are vacant and the 1880s elements were rehabilitated as apartments and offices in the 2000s, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014