click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

T. S. Eliot

Thomas Stearns Eliot was a poet, publisher and literary and social critic. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, to a prominent Boston Brahmin family, he moved to England in 1914 at the age of 25 and went on to settle and marry there, he became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, subsequently renouncing his American citizenship. Considered one of the twentieth century's major poets, Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement, it was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Waste Land, "The Hollow Men", "Ash Wednesday", Four Quartets. He was known for his seven plays Murder in the Cathedral and The Cocktail Party, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry". The Eliots were a Boston Brahmin family with roots in New England. Eliot's paternal grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, had moved to St. Louis, Missouri, to establish a Unitarian Christian church there.

His father, Henry Ware Eliot, was a successful businessman and treasurer of the Hydraulic-Press Brick Company in St Louis. His mother, Charlotte Champe Stearns, wrote poetry and was a social worker, a new profession in the early 20th century. Eliot was the last of six surviving children. Known to family and friends as Tom, he was the namesake of Thomas Stearns. Eliot's childhood infatuation with literature can be ascribed to several factors. First, he had to overcome physical limitations as a child. Struggling from a congenital double inguinal hernia, he could not participate in many physical activities and thus was prevented from socialising with his peers; as he was isolated, his love for literature developed. Once he learned to read, the young boy became obsessed with books, favouring tales of savage life, the Wild West, or Mark Twain's thrill-seeking Tom Sawyer. In his memoir of Eliot, his friend Robert Sencourt comments that the young Eliot "would curl up in the window-seat behind an enormous book, setting the drug of dreams against the pain of living."

Secondly, Eliot credited his hometown with fuelling his literary vision: "It is self-evident that St. Louis affected me more than any other environment has done. I feel that there is something in having passed one's childhood beside the big river, incommunicable to those people who have not. I consider myself fortunate to have been born here, rather than in Boston, or New York, or London."From 1898 to 1905, Eliot attended Smith Academy, the boys college preparatory division of Washington University, where his studies included Latin, Ancient Greek and German. He began to write poetry when he was fourteen under the influence of Edward Fitzgerald's translation of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, he said the results were gloomy and despairing and he destroyed them. His first published poem, "A Fable For Feasters", was written as a school exercise and was published in the Smith Academy Record in February 1905. Published there in April 1905 was his oldest surviving poem in manuscript, an untitled lyric revised and reprinted as "Song" in The Harvard Advocate, Harvard University's student magazine.

He published three short stories in 1905, "Birds of Prey", "A Tale of a Whale" and "The Man Who Was King". The last mentioned story reflects his exploration of the Igorot Village while visiting the 1904 World's Fair of St. Louis; such a link with primitive people antedates his anthropological studies at Harvard. Eliot lived in St. Louis, Missouri for the first sixteen years of his life at the house on Locust St. where he was born. After going away to school in 1905, he only returned to St. Louis for visits. Despite moving away from the city, Eliot wrote to a friend that the "Missouri and the Mississippi have made a deeper impression on me than any other part of the world."Following graduation, Eliot attended Milton Academy in Massachusetts for a preparatory year, where he met Scofield Thayer who published The Waste Land. He studied philosophy at Harvard College from 1906 to 1909, earning a B. A. in 1909 and a M. A. the following year. Because of his year at Milton Academy, Eliot was allowed to take a B.

A. after three years instead of the usual four. While a student at Harvard, Eliot was graduated with a pass degree, his B. A. was in an elective program best described as comparative literature, his M. A. English Literature. Frank Kermode writes that the most important moment of Eliot's undergraduate career was in 1908 when he discovered Arthur Symons's The Symbolist Movement in Literature; this introduced him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Verlaine. Without Verlaine, Eliot wrote, he might never have heard of Tristan Corbière and his book Les amours jaunes, a work that affected the course of Eliot's life; the Harvard Advocate published some of his poems and he became lifelong friends with Conrad Aiken, the American writer and critic. After working as a philosophy assistant at Harvard from 1909 to 1910, Eliot moved to Paris where, from 1910 to 1911, he studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, he read poetry with Henri Alban-Fournier. From 1911 to 1914, he was back at Harvard studying Indian Sanskrit.

Whilst a member of the Harvard Graduate School, Eliot fell in love with Emily Hale. Eliot was awarded a scholarship to Merton College, Oxford, in 1914, he first visited Marburg, where he planned to take a summer programme, but when the Fir

All Saints' Episcopal Church (Lakeland)

All Saints' Episcopal Church is an Episcopal Church in Lakeland, United States. It is in the Diocese of Central Florida; the All Saints' Episcopal Church in Lakeland, Florida originated with the All Saints' parish church built in the community of Acton, Florida in 1884. It was located between Lake Bonny; the community of Acton, Florida dispersed after the freeze of 1890. The Reverend John H. Weddell petitioned Bishop Weed to move the church building to the corner of Lemon Street and Massachusetts Avenue in nearby Lakeland in 1892. A stained glass window in the northeast corner of the present nave memorializes Rev. Weddell's efforts. By the early 1920s the Rev. G. Irvine Hiller led the parish in building a new church; the old church was torn down and the first service in the newly completed nave was conducted on February 24, 1924. This building remains in use as the oldest continuing church in the downtown area and was recognized as a part of Historic Lakeland in 1992. Four new bells were hung in the bell tower in 2006 and a new four-story building was dedicated in 2012.

This new building contains music rehearsal rooms and a new parish fellowship hall. Today, over 400 families make All Saints' Lakeland their church home. All Saints' is in the Episcopal Diocese of Central Florida and has planted two other Episcopal church parishes in Lakeland. St. David's Episcopal Church was built in 1953 and Christ the King Episcopal Church was started in 1984. Official website

1930 FIFA World Cup Final

The 1930 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match contested by Uruguay and Argentina to determine the champion of the 1930 FIFA World Cup. The final was a rematch of the gold medal match of the 1928 Olympics, which Uruguay won after a replay; the final was played at the Estadio Centenario in Uruguay, on 30 July, a Wednesday. Up to date, it is, along with the 1966 FIFA World Cup Final, the only World Cup Final not to be played on a Sunday; this World Cup Final is the only one not to be played on a weekend. The stadium gates were opened at eight o'clock, six hours before kick-off, at noon the ground was full holding 93,000 people. A disagreement overshadowed the build-up to the match as the teams disagreed on who should provide the match ball, forcing FIFA to intervene and decree that the Argentine team would provide the ball for the first half and the Uruguayans would provide one for the second; the game ended 4–2 to Uruguay after they trailed 2–1 at half-time, adding the title of World Cup winners to their status as Olympic champions.

Aged 31, Uruguayan manager Alberto Suppici is the youngest coach to win the FIFA World Cup. Jules Rimet, president of FIFA, presented the Uruguayan team with the World Cup Trophy, named after him; the following day was declared a national holiday in Uruguay. The last living player from that final, Francisco Varallo, died on 30 August 2010 at the age of 100. At the other hand, the last survivor of the winning team, Ernesto Mascheroni, died on 3 July 1984 at the age of 76. After 12 minutes, Pablo Dorado put the hosts into the lead, before Argentine winger Carlos Peucelle equalised 8 minutes beating goalkeeper Enrique Ballestrero with a powerful shot. In the 37th minute, tournament top scorer Guillermo Stábile gave Argentina a 2–1 lead going into the break. Uruguay leveled the score 12 minutes into the second half via a goal from Pedro Cea, before Santos Iriarte restored the lead for the hosts in the 68th minute. With a minute left, Héctor Castro put Uruguay up 4–2, sealing the victory for Uruguay in the inaugural World Cup.

1930 FIFA World Cup Final fifa.com

Art Kaufman

Art Kaufman is an American college football coach. He was the defensive coordinator for the California Golden Bears, he had been employed as the defensive coordinator for the North Carolina Tar Heels and the Texas Tech Red Raiders. Kaufman graduated from the University of Arkansas at Monticello, playing at the linebacker position for the Boll Weevils. During his playing career, he was named an All-American twice. After graduating in 1980, he served as a graduate assistant for Delta State University. In 1983, he received his first full-time coaching position as outside linebackers coach for Northwestern State, he held the position until 1987, when he was promoted to defensive coordinator in addition to his linebacker coaching duties. In 1988, Kaufman accepted a position as defensive ends coach at Ole Miss.. During his tenure as linebacker/defensive ends coach, the Rebels made appearances in the 1989 Liberty Bowl and the 1991 Gator Bowl. Kaufman remained at Ole Miss for several seasons, before becoming the defensive coordinator and linebacker coach for the Louisiana Tech Bulldogs for the 1992-1994 seasons.

In 1995, he returned to Ole Miss as the new defensive coordinator under first-time head coach Tommy Tuberville. Kaufman remained at the position for two years after Tuberville's departure to Auburn. From 1997 to 2000, under his tenure, Ole Miss appeared in four straight bowl games: the 1997 Motor City Bowl, the 1998 Independence Bowl, the 1999 Independence Bowl, the 2000 Music City Bowl. Additionally, in 1999 Kaufman's defense ranked fourth nationally in rushing defense. For the 2001 and 2002 seasons, Kaufman was the defensive coordinator and linebackers coach for Arkansas Tech, he coached the 2003-04 seasons as linebackers coach for the East Carolina Pirates, spent the 2005-07 seasons as the linebackers coach at Middle Tennessee. He coached the 2008 season as the defensive line and special teams coach for Southern Miss, before accepting a position once again as linebackers coach for the North Carolina Tar Heels. Kaufman was promoted to defensive coordinator of the Tar Heels by interim head coach Everett Withers, filling the spot Withers had vacated upon the firing of head coach Butch Davis.

In the 2009 season, Kaufman was named to the list of finalists for the Broyles Award given to the top assistant in college football. On January 10, 2012, Kaufman was announced as the new defensive coordinator for the Texas Tech Red Raiders and former employer Tommy Tuberville, replacing Chad Glasgow, he is the fourth defensive coordinator in four years for Texas Tech, the first with three years or more of experience at the position since Greg McMackin in 2000. Kaufman inherited a Red Raider defense ranked 114 out of 120 in total defense, last in the country in rushing defense. In the opening game of the 2012 season against the Northwestern State Demons, Kaufman's defense set a school record of only 84 yards allowed. After the third game versus the New Mexico Lobos, the Red Raiders were 2nd in total defense in the country. Following a bye the week of September 22, the Red Raiders rose to number 1 in total defense; the Red Raiders maintained their number 1 ranking after a Week 5 defeat of their first Big 12 conference opponent, the Iowa State Cyclones.

Kaufman's defense held the Cyclones to 189 yards of total offense. Following this performance, Kaufman was named by the Fort Worth Star-Telegram as the frontrunner for the Broyles Award. After a loss at home to the 14th ranked Oklahoma Sooners and an upset victory over 5th ranked West Virginia Mountaineers, Kaufman's defense ranked 4th in total yards allowed. In the upset victory over West Virginia, the Red Raiders held Heisman Trophy-frontrunner Geno Smith to 275 yards, a passing efficiency rating of 100.71, one touchdown pass. The win marked the most lopsided victory over a top-5 opponent in school history, marked the debut of the Red Raiders in the BCS rankings at number 17. Kaufman was again praised for the performance of the defense, with Bruce Feldman of CBS Sports naming him as the frontrunner for the Broyles Award. Following head coach Tommy Tuberville's departure to Cincinnati, Kaufman remained a member of the Texas Tech staff through the 2012 Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas. Following the game, it was announced on January 4, 2013 that Kaufman would be following Tuberville to Cincinnati to accept the defensive coordinator position.

He was born in Dermott and has three daughters

Ernst Hoeltzer

Ernst Hoeltzer was a German telegraphist and photographer. He came to Iran during the rule of Naser al-Din Shah in the Qajar dynasty and lived in Isfahan for about 20 years, he captured historical photos of the sites around it. Ernst Hoeltzer was born on January 1835 in Kleinschmalkalden in Thuringia. From 1844 to 1848 he attended the Salzmann School in Schnepfenthal in Gotha. Hoeltzer was tasked by the British in Isfahan to run the telegraph center in this city. After the work was completed in 1867, he took a short trip to back to, where he became acquainted with photography, he brought them back to Iran. From 1873 to 1897, Hoeltzer took thousands of photographs in Iran. Most of the photos captured Isfahan but a few show sites in Tehran and Kashan. In 1870 he married an Iranian-Armenian woman from Tehran. After his death, all his property went to his daughter Karolina who married Eskandar Khan David Khanian, an Armenian in the town of Jolfa, Isfahan. Karolina lived in Tehran and had two daughters and Hildegard.

After World War II, Ricolletta married a German man and carrying all her grandfather's belongings, went to live in Germany. She put Hoeltzer's five large wooden cases in her basement. In 1969, after a pipe broke in the basement, the cases opened; the cases held a considerate number of glass containers with negatives of his photos in addition to notebooks with chemical instructions and Hoeltzer's diary. In 1975, a number of Hoeltzer's photos were put on public display which included a collection of 100 photographs from Jolfa. Prints of these photos came into the possession of Mohammad Assemi, who sent them to the Ministry of Culture in Tehran. A selection first appeared in 1976 under the title Persia 113 Years Ago and again in 2004 under the title Thousand Sights of Life. Ernst Hoeltzer died in Isfahan on July 7, 1911, he is buried in the Armenian cemetery in Isfahan. Lifelines: Ernst Hölzer. Vol. 3, Ed. Siemens Historical Institute, Munich 2015 «ارنست هولتسر» در وبگاه مرکز اسناد و مدارک میراث فرهنگی

French corvette Torche (1795)

Torche was a French naval Etna-class ship-sloop launched in 1795. She participated in the action of 19 July 1805, with the Royal Navy capturing her one-month in August, she was taken into service as HMS Torch but never commissioned and was broken up in 1811. From 2 June 1795, Torche served at Honfleur under Lieutenant Péronne. On 9 February 1803, under Lieutenant Dehen the elder, departed Camaret, bound to Le Havre and Dunkirk. From there, she ferried troops to Santo Domingo, transported general Pierre Quantin on her journey back to Cadiz, where she arrived on 27 November 1803. On 19 July 1805 Torche, under the command of lieutenant Nicolas-Philippe Dehen, was part of a squadron of four vessels under François-André Baudin, that three days after they had left Martinique captured HMS Blanche off Puerto Rico. Torche's companions were the 40-gun French frigate Topaze, the 22-gun corvette Départment des Landes, the 16-gun brig Faune. On 14 August, the 74-gun, third rate Goliath was in the Channel Fleet when she saw a sail to eastward and three sail to westward.

The lone sail was Faune, which had lost contact with it. Goliath sailed east, meeting up with HMS Camilla and assisting her in chasing and capturing Faune, which struck when the much more powerful Goliath came in range. Faune had on board as prisoners 22 men from Blanche; the three remaining ships proceeded, but on the 16th, Torche was lagging behind and in danger of behind caught by Goliath, joined by HMS Raisonnable. Deeming that waiting for Torche entailed accepting battle against the overwhelming British forces, Baudin ordered his squadron to take whatever actions were necessary for their security. Goliath caught up with Torche. Torche was carrying 52 men from the crew of Blanche. However, Topaze and Départment-des-Landes escaped; the Royal Navy took Torche into service as HMS Torch. The Navy placed her in ordinary and there is no record of her being commissioned, she was broken up in 1811. Duncan, Archibald The British trident. Walters, Samuel Memoirs of an Officer in Nelson's Navy.. Winfield, Rif.

British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461. Fonds Marine. Campagnes. Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome premier: BB210 à 482 Troude, Onésime-Joachim. Batailles navales de la France. 3. Challamel ainé. p. 427