Trinity Railway Express
The Trinity Railway Express is a commuter rail line in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. It was established by an interlocal agreement between Dallas Area Rapid Trinity Metro; each transit authority owns a 50% stake in the joint rail project and contractor Herzog Transit Services operates the line. The TRE began operating in December 1996; as of the fourth quarter of 2014, the TRE has an average weekday ridership of 8,200 passengers per day and is the fifteenth most-ridden commuter rail system in the United States. In 2014, the TRE carried 2,293,500 passengers. Before 2006, the TRE was shown as a green line on DART maps and therefore was sometimes referred to as the "Green Line," but this was not an official designation. In 2006, DART chose green as the color for the Green Line. Since 2006, the TRE has been shown as a dark blue line on DART maps. Named after the Trinity River, which flows between Fort Worth and Dallas, the TRE was launched on December 30, 1996, shortly after the inaugural service of Dallas' DART Light Rail system, operating from Union Station to the South Irving Station in Irving.
It runs along a former Rock Island line that the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth purchased in 1983 for $34 million. Service operated only in weekday rush hours, but midday and evening service was added in December 1997, Saturday service was added in December 1998. On September 18, 2000, the line was extended to the Richland Hills Station and, for the first time, there was rail service available between downtown Dallas and DFW Airport. On November 13, 2000, the West Irving Station opened. On December 3, 2001, the TRE was extended to its current terminus at the T&P Station in downtown Fort Worth; the eastern terminus of the TRE line is Dallas Union Station on the west side of downtown Dallas. The line runs northwest, past the American Airlines Center and Southwestern Medical Center, through Irving, Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and Richland Hills before ending with two stops in downtown Fort Worth. There are a total including a stop at Victory Station. Not all trains are through trains – a number of trains either terminate or originate at the CentrePort/DFW Airport Station.
TRE has a fleet of 9 locomotives. EMD F59PH IV There are seven EMD F59PH IV locomotives; the original numbers for these were #525, #527-528 and #565-568. These were overhauled in late 2010 by the Norfolk Southern Railway and RELCO Locomotive to meet EPA standards and renumbered 120-126. EMD F59PHI There are two EMD F59PHI locomotives that were purchased from EMD; the numbers for these are #569 and #570. Bombardier Transportation and Hawker-Siddeley bi-level cabs and coaches Until 2011, the TRE fleet included diesel multiple units, in the form of 13 Budd Rail Diesel Cars built in the 1950s, they were purchased remanufactured by GEC Alsthom in Montreal. They entered service in March and April 1997 – after trains leased from Amtrak and the Connecticut Department of Transportation temporarily provided initial TRE service when the RDCs were not ready in time for the inauguration of TRE service in December 1996 – and thereafter provided all service for the line's first two to three years, they remained in service for about 14 years, the last cars being taken off of TRE service in March 2011.
In 2010–2011, 11 of the 13 cars were leased to Denton County Transportation Authority for operation on the A-train. They were placed in storage at the TRE shops in Irving, Texas. In spring 2017, 12 RDCs were sold via auction to AllEarth Rail, a Vermont-based private company that intends to use them to operate commuter rail service connecting the Vermont cities of Montpelier and Burlington. AllEarth subsequently resold two of the TRE cars to TriMet, of Portland, before they had left Texas, those two Dallas RDCs were moved in August 2017 from Texas to Oregon, where TriMet planned to use them on its WES Commuter Rail service; the other 10 RDCs were moved to Vermont the same month. Information from the Trinity Railway Express Train Facts page Each train includes at least one locomotive unit and one bi-level cab car. One or two additional coach cars are included between the locomotive and cab car; each cab car has a restroom and passengers may move between cars during the trip. The trip from Union Station to T&P Station takes just over an hour, with scheduled trip times ranging from one hour, three minutes to one hour, eleven minutes.
Track improvements are underway which should offer an improvement in travel times by double-tracking certain stations and sections of the route. Portions of the route are single-track, requiring eastbound and westbound trains to meet only at certain points and requiring some eastbound trains to hold for 5–7 minutes to wait for a westbound train to get to the passing area. Media related to Trinity Railway Express at Wikimedia Commons Official website
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to nine Canadian cities. Founded in 1971 as a quasi-public corporation to operate many U. S. passenger rail services, it receives a combination of state and federal subsidies but is managed as a for-profit organization. Amtrak's headquarters is located one block west of Union Station in Washington, D. C. Amtrak serves more than 500 destinations in 46 states and three Canadian provinces, operating more than 300 trains daily over 21,400 miles of track. Amtrak owns 623 miles of this track and operates an additional 132 miles of track; some track sections allow trains to run as fast as 150 mph. In fiscal year 2018, Amtrak served 31.7 million passengers and had $3.4 billion in revenue, while employing more than 20,000 people. Nearly 87,000 passengers ride more than 300 Amtrak trains on a daily basis. Nearly two-thirds of passengers come from the 10 largest metropolitan areas.
The name Amtrak is a portmanteau of the words America and trak, the latter itself a sensational spelling of track. In 1916, 98% of all commercial intercity travelers in the United States moved by rail, the remaining 2% moved by inland waterways. Nearly 42 million passengers used railways as primary transportation. Passenger trains were owned and operated by the same owned companies that operated freight trains; as the 20th century progressed, patronage declined in the face of competition from buses, air travel, the automobile. New streamlined diesel-powered trains such as the Pioneer Zephyr were popular with the traveling public but could not reverse the trend. By 1940, railroads held just 67 percent of commercial passenger-miles in the United States. In real terms, passenger-miles had fallen by 40 % from 42 billion to 25 billion. Traffic surged during World War II, aided by troop movement and gasoline rationing; the railroad's market share surged with a massive 94 billion passenger-miles. After the war, railroads rejuvenated their overworked and neglected passenger fleets with fast and luxurious streamliners.
These new trains brought only temporary relief to the overall decline. As postwar travel exploded, passenger travel percentages of the overall market share fell to 46% by 1950, 32% by 1957; the railroads had lost money on passenger service since the Great Depression, but deficits reached $723 million in 1957. For many railroads, these losses threatened financial viability; the causes of this decline were debated. The National Highway System and airports, both funded by the government, competed directly with the railroads, who paid for their own infrastructure. Progressive Era rate regulation limited the railroad's ability to turn a profit. Railroads faced antiquated work rules and inflexible relationships with trade unions. To take one example, workers continued to receive a day's pay for 100-to-150-mile work days. Streamliners covered that in two hours. Matters approached a crisis in the 1960s. Passenger service route-miles fell from 107,000 miles in 1958 to 49,000 miles in 1970, the last full year of private operation.
The diversion of most U. S. Postal Service mail from passenger trains to trucks and freight trains in late 1967 deprived those trains of badly needed revenue. In direct response, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway filed to discontinue 33 of its remaining 39 trains, ending all passenger service on one of the largest railroads in the country; the equipment the railroads had ordered after World War II was now 20 years old, worn out, in need of replacement. As passenger service declined various proposals were brought forward to rescue it; the 1961 Doyle Report proposed. Similar proposals failed to attract support; the federal government passed the High Speed Ground Transportation Act of 1965 to fund pilot programs in the Northeast Corridor, but this did nothing to address passenger deficits. In late 1969 multiple proposals emerged in the United States Congress, including equipment subsidies, route subsidies, lastly, a "quasi-public corporation" to take over the operation of intercity passenger trains.
Matters were brought to a head on March 5, 1970, when the Penn Central, the largest railroad in the Northeast United States and teetering on bankruptcy, filed to discontinue 34 of its passenger trains. In October 1970, Congress passed, President Richard Nixon signed into law, the Rail Passenger Service Act. Proponents of the bill, led by the National Association of Railroad Passengers, sought government funding to ensure the continuation of passenger trains, they conceived the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, a private entity that would receive taxpayer funding and assume operation of intercity passenger trains. The original working brand name for NRPC was Railpax, but shortly before the company started operating it was changed to Amtrak. There were several key provisions: Any railroad operating intercity passenger service could contract with the NRPC, thereby joining the national system. Participating railroads bought into the NRPC using a formula based on their recent intercity passenger losses.
The purchase price could be satisfied either by cash or rolling stock. Any participating railroad was freed of the obligation to operate intercity passenger service after May 1, 1971, except for those services chosen by the Department of Transportation as part of a "basic system" of servic
Fort Worth Stockyards
The Fort Worth Stockyards is a historic district, located in Fort Worth, north of the central business district. A 98-acre portion encompassing much of the district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Fort Worth Stockyards Historic District in 1976, it holds a former livestock market which operated under various owners from 1866. The arrival of railroads in 1876 made the area a important livestock center. Fort Worth Union Stockyards opened for business on January 1890, covering 206 acres. On February 7, the Fort Worth Dressed Meat and Packing Company was founded; this facility was operated without profit. In an effort to produce revenue, they reached out to the Swift and Armour companies to establish packing houses. By 1886, four stockyards had been built near the railroads. Boston capitalist Greenleif W. Simpson, with a half dozen Boston and Chicago associates, incorporated the Fort Worth Stock Yards Company on March 23, 1893, purchased the Union Stock Yards and the Fort Worth Packing Company.
The Stockyards experienced early success. By 1907, the Stockyards sold a million cattle per year; the stockyards was an organized place where cattle and hogs could be bought and slaughtered. Fort Worth remained an important part of the cattle industry until the 1950s. Business suffered due to livestock auctions held closer to where the livestock were produced; the Fort Worth Stockyards now celebrates Fort Worth's long tradition as a part of the cattle industry and was listed on the National Register as a historical district in 1976. The listing included one other contributing structure. Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks within the district include the entrance sign, the Livestock Exchange Building, the Thannisch Block Building housing the Stockyards Hotel. State Antiquities Landmarks include the entrance sign as well as the Armour & Swift Plaza and the Cowtown Coliseum; the Stockyards consist of entertainment and shopping venues that capitalize on the "Cowtown" image of Fort Worth. Home to the famous boot making company M.
L. Leddy's, located in the heart of the Stockyards and The Maverick Fine Western Wear and Saloon where customers "can'belly up' to the bar and have a cold beer while in the Stockyards; the city of Fort Worth is referred to as "Where the West Begins." Many bars and nightclubs are located in the vicinity, the area has a Western motif. There is an opry and a rodeo; the Fort Worth Stockyards are the last standing stockyards in the United States. Some volunteers still run the cattle drives through the stockyards, a practice developed in the late 19th century by the frontiersman Charles "Buffalo" Jones, who herded buffalo calves through the streets of Garden City, Kansas. On April 1, 2011, the Fort Worth Stockyards Stables were reopened, they are located next door to the Hyatt hotel in an original Historic Stockyards building, built in 1912. These stables offer full care boarding, overnight boarding, hourly boarding, horse rentals on the open trails of the Trinity River and carriage rides. Boarders can ride their horses all around the Historic Stockyards.
The Grapevine Vintage Railroad runs a heritage railway service between Grapevine station and The Stockyards. List of Neighborhoods in Fort Worth, Texas Grapevine Vintage Railroad National Register of Historic Places listings in Tarrant County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Tarrant County "Fort Worth Stockyards Historic District - Fort Worth, Texas". Texas Historic Sites Atlas. Texas Historical Commission. June 29, 1976. Fort Worth Stockyards from the Handbook of Texas Online Architecture in Fort Worth: North Side
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport station
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport station is a transit station located at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. It offers service on the DART Orange Line light rail service, future DART Cotton Belt commuter rail line; the light rail station opened on August 18, 2014, it serves as the northwestern terminus of the Orange Line. It is located between Terminals A and B; the station is accessible from the lower level of Terminal A near A10. With the eventual of DFW Airport/Terminal B station since January 10, 2019, a walkway is connected the two stations together making it possible for passengers to transfer onto TEXRail or access Terminal B. Dallas Area Rapid Transit
Tarrant County, Texas
Tarrant County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,054,475, it is the 16th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Worth. Tarrant County, one of 26 counties created out of the Peters Colony, was established in 1849 and organized the next year, it was named in honor of General Edward H. Tarrant of the Republic of Texas militia. Tarrant County is TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 902 square miles, of which 864 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Denton County Dallas County Ellis County Johnson County Parker County Wise County As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 1,960,741: non-Hispanic whites 916,941; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,809,034 people. Tarrant County is the second most populous county in the Dallas-Ft. Worth Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,446,219 people, 533,864 households, 369,433 families residing in the county.
The population density was 1,675 people per square mile. There were 565,830 housing units at an average density of 655 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 71.23% White, 12.80% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 3.64% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 9.09% from other races, 2.51% from two or more races. 19.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 533,864 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22. As of the 2010 census, there were about 5.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,179, the median income for a family was $54,068. Males had a median income of $38,486 versus $28,672 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,548. About 8.00% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. Tarrant County, like all Texas counties, is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of the county judge, elected county-wide and presides over the full court, four commissioners, who are elected in each of the county's four precincts; the JPS Health Network operates health centers. Countywide law enforcement is provided by the Tarrant County Sheriff's Office and Tarrant County Constable's Office. All cities in the county provide their own police services, with three exceptions: Westlake contracts service from the Keller Police Department, Haslet and Edgecliff Village contract service from the Sheriff's Office.
DFW Airport, the Tarrant County Hospital District, the Tarrant Regional Water District provide their own police forces. Since the disbandment of the North Tarrant County Fire Department, no countywide firefighting services exist. Most cities operate their own ambulances, with Fort Worth being a notable exception - the city contracts paramedic apparatus from private entity Medstar. CareFlite air ambulance services operate from Harris Methodist Hospital in Fort Worth. Tarrant County is one of the largest Republican-leaning counties in the nation. Democrats are concentrated in several areas throughout the county: eastern Euless, Grand Prairie and eastern Arlington, portions of Fort Worth the area surrounding the Stockyards and Meacham Airport and eastern Fort Worth along I-35W, Forest Hill. Republicans are dominant in the rest of the county: rural areas and western Fort Worth and north of Loop 820, all suburban areas including Benbrook and western Arlington, Haltom City, Mid-Cities, the northern suburbs.
Since the late 20th century, residents of Tarrant County have supported Republican Party presidential candidates. Since 1952 the majority of voters supported the Republican presidential candidate in every election except 1964, when the county voted for Democrat Lyndon Johnson, a Texas native. In 2016, Donald Trump won the county with 51.7% of the vote, the worst showing for a Republican since Bob Dole in 1996, by a margin of 8.6%, the lowest since 1976. The first Republican elected to the State Senate from Tarrant County since Reconstruction was Betty Andujar in 1973; the county leans Republican in races for the United States Senate, but in the 2018 election, Democratic candidate Beto O'Rourke won it with a plurality. This was the first time a Democratic candidate won Tarrant County in a federal election since Lloyd Bentsen in his 1988 re-election bid for the Senate. O'Rourke is first statewide Democrat to win the county since Ann Richards in the 1990 gubernatorial election. Public schools in Texas are organized into inde
Fort Worth and Western Railroad
The Fort Worth and Western Railroad is a Class III short-line railroad headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. Operating only within the state of Texas, its main freight service route is between Carrollton, Fort Worth and Brownwood. Much of the company's route belonged to the Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway, which began construction from Fort Worth in 1886 and reached Brownwood in 1891. In 1901, the FW&RG was bought by the Frisco Railway, which sold it to the Santa Fe Railroad in 1937; the Santa Fe sold the line to an affiliate of the South Orient Railroad in 1994. The FWWR began operations in 1988, with 6.25 miles of track that it had bought from the Burlington Northern. By the mid-1990s, the railroad operated 10.75 miles of track, the result of numerous minor acquisitions. In 1996, the FWWR more than doubled its total trackage with the lease of a 28.5 miles route from Dallas Area Rapid Transit, in 1998 purchased 134 miles of track from South Orient Railroad, now Texas Pacifico Transportation.
The FWWR leased two Union Pacific Railroad properties, a yard and branch line, in 2002 and 2003 respectively. The FWWR operates a total of 276 miles of track between Carro and Ricker, with branch lines from Dublin to Gorman and from Cresson to Cleburne, as well as trackage rights in the Fort Worth area and between Ricker and San Angelo Junction, Texas. Since 2007, the railroad has been in the process of resurfacing its trackage, as well as installing new sidings and upgrading the route to allow 40 mph speeds over the entire line. On 27 December 2010, Fort Worth and Western named Thomas Schlosser as president and CEO, who took over from Steven George, who had held the position since 2000; the company employs around 85 people. Since January 2013, Fort Worth and Western has been under fire for its management of the crossing in Cresson, TX, near the intersection of Highway 171 and US-377. Numerous and lengthy delays are costing 40,000 daily commuters money. Hood County Headaches - NBC5 As of December 2009, the Fort Worth and Western's locomotive fleet consists of the following: Fort Worth and Western Railroad
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti