TF1 is a French free-to-air television channel, controlled by TF1 Group, whose major share-holder is Bouygues. TF1's average market share of 24% makes it the most popular domestic network. Flagship series broadcast on the channel include CSI, The Voice and House M. D. TF1 is part of the TF1 Group of mass media companies, which includes the news channel LCI, it used to own the satellite TV provider TPS. The network is a supporter of the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV initiative, promoting and establishing an open European standard for hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of terrestrial TV and broadband multimedia applications with a single user interface, it was the only channel in France for 28 years, has changed its name since the creation of Radio-PTT Vision on 26 April 1935, making it one of the oldest television stations in the world, one of the few prewar television stations to remain in existence to the present day. It became Radiodiffusion nationale Télévision in 1937, Fernsehsender Paris during German occupation in 1943, RDF Télévision française in 1944, RTF Télévision in 1949, la Première chaîne de la RTF in 1963 following the creation of the second channel, la Première chaîne de l'ORTF in 1964 and Télévision Française 1 in 1975.
Radio-PTT Vision began operations on 26 April 1935 as the first television station in France, using a 30-line mechanical television system based on the Nipkow disk. It was operated by the French PTT agency with a transmitter located atop the Eiffel Tower, was on air three days a week from 11 am to 11:30 am and 8 pm to 8:30 pm and on Sundays from 5:30 pm to 7:30 pm. On 4 January 1937 the broadcasting hours were changed such that television programmes were aired from 5 pm until 10 pm Wednesdays to Fridays, from 4 pm to 8:30 pm or 9 pm Saturdays to Tuesdays. Following successful trials of a "high-definition" 455-line electronic television system designed by Thomson-Houston which improved on the 405-line system designed by EMI-Marconi, Radio-PTT Vision renamed itself as Radiodiffusion nationale Télévision in July 1937. However, broadcasts using the Nipkow disk system continued alongside the new electronic system until 10 April 1938. In July 1938, a decree of the French PTT agency fixed the French terrestrial television standard as transmitting on 455 lines VHF, to be adopted throughout France within three years.
The adoption of the electronic standard marked the end of mechanical television in France, the advent of electronic television to obtain much better image quality. RN Télévision abruptly stopped broadcasts on 3 September 1939 following the entry of France into the Second World War. Television broadcasts resumed in occupied France on 7 May 1943 as Fernsehsender Paris, under the control of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, it was on air in German and French four days a week from 10 am to noon, three days a week from 3 pm to 8 pm and every evening from 8:30 pm to 10 pm. Fernsehsender Paris stopped broadcasts on 12 August one week before the liberation of Paris. Television broadcasts in France resumed on 1 October 1944 under the name Télévision française, following the creation of Radiodiffusion française on 23 March 1945 the television service was renamed as RDF Télévision française. Following the return of the Eiffel Tower to the French after being in American administration following the liberation of Paris, on 1 October 1945 the official resumption of television broadcasts took place with one hour of programming each day.
On 20 November 1948, the Secretary of State for Information, François Mitterrand decreed the adoption of the 819-line high-definition VHF standard, in use from 1949 until 1981. Radiodiffusion française was renamed as Radiodiffusion-télévision française on 9 February 1949, thus began the growth of television as an accepted mass medium in France. On 29 May 1949 the first news programme aired on RTF TV, on 30 July 1949 a television licence fee was introduced. Residents living outside Paris could view RTF TV for the first time in February 1952 when Télé Lille, a regional broadcaster operating since 10 April 1950 was co-opted into the RTF TV network and became RTF's first relay outside Paris. Following the creation of RTF Télévision 2 in 1963, the first channel was renamed as Première chaîne de la RTF, renamed as Première chaîne de l'ORTF when the ORTF was created on 25 July 1964; this period marked the introduction of commercial advertising on Première chaîne de l'ORTF which began on 1 October 1968.
On 8 January 1969, the ORTF created a subsidiary company called Régie française de publicité to handle all advertising on the ORTF channels. TF1, was created on 1 January 1975 when law 74-696 7 August 1974 came into effect, the rebranding from Première chaîne de l'ORTF to TF1 came into effect on 6 January 1975. A new multicoloured logo for TF1 created by Catherine Chaillet came out that same year along with cel-animated idents, from 1976 until 1985 analogue computer-generated idents produced using the Scanimate system were used on TF1, created by the American company Robert Abel and Associates with background music composed by Vladimir Cosma; the 1975 TF1 logo was modified in 1984 and again in 1987. Colour television were first introduced to TF1 on 1 September 1975 when FR3 agreed to supply some of its colour programming to TF1, the conversion to colour on TF1 was completed in late-19
CommoNasm is a mashup album produced and mixed by Miami-based producer and sound engineer TenDJiz. It was created by blending the acapellas of Common and Nas with instrumentals composed from Soviet soul and jazz samples; the album was released on July 10, 2012. The project has received positive reviews from critics; the Miami New Times named TenDJiz "the mastermind behind an awesome mixtape series that mashes Soviet jazz instrumentals with American hip-hop.". Soulbounce.com claims that "TenDJiz's production and scratching is near flawless."Respect magazine described CommoNasm as "an ambitious and awing project." The album was described as "amazing" by 2dopeboyz.com. Common tweeted about CommoNasm and called it "Fresh". Fashion Nerrd Magazine claims that the Soulviet Trilogy is "a bridging of the gap between the two antagonistic superpower nations"; the album has been featured on many on-line magazines and music websites such as: Okayplayer, Nodfactor.com, Rubyhornet.com, Kevinnottingham.com, Peace Magazine, ProducersIKnow.com, LiveAGL.com, Thewellversed.com, Artisticmanifesto.com, Spit-TV.de Official website of TenDJiz
Matilda Lucas-Rodd is an Australian rules footballer who plays for the St Kilda Football Club in the AFL Women's competition. She was drafted by Carlton with the ninety ninth overall selection in the 2016 AFL Women's draft, making her debut in Round 1, 2017, in the league's inaugural match at Ikon Park against Collingwood. In round 5 she earned a nomination for the 2017 AFLW Rising Star award following her match against Fremantle. Lucas-Rodd finished 2017 having played in all seven of Carlton's matches that season. In April 2019, Lucas-Rodd was delisted by Carlton. However, she was soon picked up by St Kilda and helped lead their impressive maiden season in the VFLW, finishing 2nd on the ladder and making the preliminary final before succumbing to eventual premiers Collingwood, her superb season was capped off by winning the club's best and fairest award, as well as receiving a place in the VFLW Team of the Year. Tilly Lucas-Rodd's profile on the official website of the Carlton Football Club Tilly Lucas-Rodd at AustralianFootball.com