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TI–Raleigh

TI–Raleigh was a Dutch professional track cycling and road bicycle racing team between 1972 and 1983. The team was led by Peter Post; the team was successful in stage races. Notable riders included Joop Zoetemelk, Jan Raas, Gerrie Knetemann, Hennie Kuiper, Dave Lloyd, Urs Freuler, Henk Lubberding, Rene Pijnen, Johan van der Velde and Dietrich Thurau; the team was known for discipline. The frame-building was overseen by Jan le Grand at Raleigh's SBDU Ilkeston facility; the team was sponsored by British cycling manufacturer Raleigh and Raleigh's holding company Tube Investments. At the end of the 1983 season, the TI–Raleigh team split up because of tension between former world champion Jan Raas and team leader Peter Post, with seven cyclists following Post to the new Panasonic team and six cyclists joining Raas on the Kwantum team. Media related to TI–Raleigh at Wikimedia Commons

Valparaiso, Saskatchewan

Valparaiso is a village within the Rural Municipality of Star City No. 428, in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. The village had a population of 15 at the 2016 Canada Census; the village is located at the junction of Highway 3 and Range road No. 160 20 km east of the City of Melfort. The name comes from that of Valparaíso in Chile. Consisting of 15 residents at the 2016 Canada Census the community is one of four villages with the smallest population in the province, Dafoe and Krydor all with a population of 15. List of communities in Saskatchewan Villages of Saskatchewan Municipal Affairs - Valparaiso, Saskatchewan

Art Workers' Guild

The Art Workers' Guild is an organisation established in 1884 by a group of British architects associated with the ideas of William Morris and the Arts and Crafts movement. The guild promoted the'unity of all the arts', denying the distinction between applied art, it opposed the professionalisation of architecture –, promoted by the Royal Institute of British Architects at this time – in the belief that this would inhibit design. The founders of the guild were five young architects from Norman Shaw's office: W. R. Lethaby, Edward Prior, Ernest Newton, Mervyn Macartney and Gerald C. Horsley, its first master was George Blackall Simonds. Among its members was Henry Bird; the architects Dunbar Smith and Cecil Brewer had an office in the front of the early Georgian house at 6 Queen Square, Bloomsbury and, when they heard that the freehold was for sale, encouraged the guild to buy it. The back part of the building was reconstructed as a meeting hall, designed by F. W. Troup and inaugurated on 22 April 1914.

It is furnished with rush-seated chairs to a pattern made in Herefordshire in the 1880s by Philip Clisset, afterwards copied by Ernest Gimson and his successors. The names of all members up to the year 2000 are painted on a frieze around the walls of the Hall; the list of names now continues in the front room known as the ‘Master’s Room’. The Art Workers Guild gave rise to the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society; the guild began as a male-only organisation, leading May Morris to start the Women’s Guild of Arts in 1907 as an alternative for women. It was not until the 1960s that women were admitted, starting with the wood engraver Joan Hassall who became the first female Master in 1972; the guild is today a society of artists and designers with a common interest in the interaction and distribution of creative skills. They stand for authenticity. J. L. J. Masse, The Art-Workers Guild 1884-1934 Oxford: Printed for the Art-Workers' Guild at the Shakespeare Head Press, 1935. OCLC 559542296 "Art Workers Guild".

Official website of the Guild. Archived from the original on 24 October 2005. Retrieved 17 October 2005. Gavin Stamp. "A Hundred Years of the Art Workers Guild". Retrieved 10 March 2013; the Guild Constitution Artworkers’ Guild History

Panicum hemitomon

Panicum hemitomon is a species of grass known by the common name maidencane. It is native to North America, where it occurs along the southeastern coastline from New Jersey to Texas, it is present in South America. This plant is a rhizomatous perennial grass, it is semi-aquatic, growing in water or wet soils. It spreads via its rhizome to form large colonies; the canelike roots are filled with form a mass up to 46 centimeters wide. The stems may be spreading. Stems that break off and float away may root. There are sterile stems; the leaves have tapering tips. The inflorescence is a panicle with upright branches; this species is a common grass in coastal wetlands. It is only found in not sea water or brackish water, it can be found in many types of freshwater wetlands as well as in ditches and disturbed or cultivated areas. It is less sensitive to grazing than many associated species, but growth is reduced by competition from neighboring plants, it is common in other regions in Florida. It may form floating free to form a floating marsh.

It forms its most dense stands on the drier sites in wet habitats. It can tolerate several months of flooding; the rhizome network helps to prevent erosion. Some biologists therefore refer to it as a keystone speciesThis grass sprouts from the rhizome in the winter and grows over the course of the year, it is most dense in fall. The aboveground parts break off, forming floating mats; the rhizome becomes dormant. Maidencane is good for cattle forage, there are maidencane-dominated marshes in Florida which are used for cattle grazing, it can be used as hay. It is eaten by deer and utilized by the Florida panther, which lives in the marshes; the American alligator lives in maidencane wetlands. Many other animals are found in these habitat types; the plant is considered a weed such as cultivated crop fields. It is considered a nuisance species when it becomes dense, it may compete with food plants for waterfowl. Controlled burns are sometimes initiated to thin the plant. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants The Nature Conservancy USDA Plants Profile

K. Pitchandi

K. Pitchandi spelled K. Pichandi, is an Indian politician and, as of 2016, a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu. Pitchandi was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly from Tiruvannamalai constituency as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate in the 1989, 1996, 2001 and 2006 elections, he contested the constituency in the 1991 elections, when he finished as runner-up to V. Kannan of the Indian National Congress. Pitchandi was the Minister for Housing and Urban Development in the Tamil Nadu Cabinet from 1996 to 2001, he stood as a candidate in 2011 in the Kilpennathur constituency, where he finished as runner-up to A. K. Aranganathan of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party. Pitchandi remained loyal to the DMK party, for which he was rewarded with the honorific position of deputy whip in May 2016, he had won the Kilpennathur seat in the elections of 2016 to become an MLA once again. Pitchandi was instrumental in persuading E. V. Velu to transfer his allegiance to the DMK from the AIADMK.

Velu, who had served twice as an AIADMK MLA, was elected to Pitchandi's former seat in Tiruvannamalai as a DMK member from 2011

Reinhard Hardegen

Korvettenkapitän Reinhard Hardegen was a German U-boat commander during World War II. He was the 24th-most-successful German submarine commander of the war, credited with the having sunk 115,656 gross register tons. After the war, he spent a year and a half in British captivity before starting a successful oil trading business and serving as a member of Bremen's city council for over 32 years. Hardegen served as 1. WO under Kapitänleutnant Georg-Wilhelm Schulz aboard U-124 and, after two war patrols, was given his own command, the Type IID U-boat U-147, operating out of Kiel, on 11 December 1940; the boat was ready for its first patrol shortly before the new year and, after visiting the U-boat base in Bergen, U-147 was ordered to patrol the convoy routes north of the Hebrides. On the second day of the patrol, Hardegen fired a torpedo which failed to detonate against a large merchant ship, before being forced to submerge after mistaking a destroyer for a merchant ship. During the dive, the tower hatch was damaged, forcing U-147 to resurface after a short while to make feverish repairs only a few hundred meters from the destroyer.

The gathering darkness, saved the boat from being detected. The water leaks had damaged the diesel engines aboard the boat, forcing Hardegen to use his electric motors when in the night, he saw another merchant passing by. Although slowed, the U-boat had enough speed to close the distance and launch a torpedo which sank the freighter. After interrogating the crew, Hardegen learned it was the Norwegian steamer Augvald 4,811 GRT. A few days Hardegen again attacked two freighters, only to find his torpedoes missing or failing to detonate. Shortly thereafter, he was ordered back to Kiel. After completing the patrol, Hardegen was given command of U-123, a Type IXB U-boat operating out of Lorient. Hardegen's first patrol with U-123 started on 16 June 1941, with a course for West African waters to attack British shipping around Freetown. On 20 June, Hardegen sank the neutral Portuguese vessel Ganda, mistaking her for a British freighter. Dönitz ordered all references to this sinking deleted from the journals of U-123 and the matter received little attention.

This was one of two known alterations of the Kriegstagebuch ordered by Dönitz, the other being in regard to the sinking of the liner SS Athenia. His next patrol, in October 1941, took him to the North Atlantic. On 20 October he attacked the British auxiliary cruiser HMS Aurania. Although badly damaged, the cruiser was towed to harbour for repairs; some of the crew abandoned the cruiser and Hardegen picked up a survivor, brought back to France as a prisoner of war. This led Hardegen to claim the sinking. On 23 December 1941, U-123 left for the first phase of Operation Drumbeat. Five boats, all Dönitz could muster, were sent towards the American coast, to take advantage of the confusion in the Eastern Seaboard defense networks shortly after the declaration of war. Hardegen was ordered to penetrate the inshore areas around New York City, however due to the need for strict operational secrecy for this task, no mapping of the area was issued from stores in Lorient, Hardegen had only large nautical charts as well as a Knaur pocket atlas, for navigation.

After sinking the Cyclops and Norness, Hardegen decided to bottom the boat and wait for nightfall before proceeding into the harbour itself. During the night of 15 January, Hardegen entered the harbour, nearly beaching the boat when he mistook shorelight for a light ship; the crew of U-123 were elated when they came within the sight of the city itself, all lights burning brightly, but Hardegen did not linger long, due to the lack of merchant traffic. He did sink the British tanker Coimbra on his way out. Hardegen proceeded south along the coast, submerging during the day and surfacing at night. Apart from one air attack on 16 January, Hardegen did not experience any resistance from the United States Navy or United States Army Air Forces. During the night of 19 January, Hardegen sank three freighters off Cape Hatteras in shallow waters close to shore. A couple of hours he happened upon five more merchants traveling in a group and attacked them with his last two torpedoes and his 105 mm deck gun, sinking a freighter and claiming the tanker Malay as well.

Although badly damaged, traveling empty, had enough buoyancy to stay afloat and managed to make its way to New York under her own power five days later. With all torpedoes expended, the port diesel engine not functioning optimally, Hardegen decided to set course for home. Just before dawn, the Norwegian whaling factory Kosmos II was spotted only 400 metres away; the skipper of Kosmos, Einar Gleditsch, decided ordering full speed ahead. Hardegen, realizing that the whaler was too close for him to submerge, turned hard to port and ordered full ahead. With its port engine unable to deliver top RPMs, U-123 only just managed to keep ahead of the tanker, it took over an hour for Hardegen to gain enough of a lead to have room to maneuver. During the return journey, he spotted and sank the British freighter Culebra on 25 January using the deck gun, but return fire from the freighter damaged the boat; the following night, the Norwegian tanker Pan Norway was sunk. After the attack, Hardegen ordered a nearby neutral freighter to pick up the survivors, although he had to repeat his order after the Greek captain decided to steam off without picking up all of the crew.

This sinking brought the tally for the first patrol to nine ships sunk for a total of 53,173 GRT over a two-week per