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The TRS-80 Micro Computer System is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their RadioShack stores. The name is an abbreviation of Z80 microprocessor, it is one of mass-marketed retail home computers. The TRS-80 has a full-stroke QWERTY keyboard, the Zilog Z80 processor, 4 KB DRAM standard memory, small size and desk footprint, floating-point BASIC language interpreter in ROM, 64-character per line video monitor, a starting price of US$600. A cassette tape drive for program storage was included in the original base package, but it proved slow and fiddly in practice. While the software environment was stable and capable, the fiddly program load/save process combined with keyboard bounce issues and a troublesome expansion interface contributed to the Model I's widespread reputation as something fun to tinker with for computer enthusiasts, but not well suited to serious use; as with many small computers of the era, it lacked full support for the ASCII character set, e.g. no lowercase letters, which hampered business adoption.

An extensive line of upgrades and add-on hardware peripherals for the TRS-80 was developed and marketed by Tandy/RadioShack. The basic system can be expanded with up to 48 KB of RAM, up to four floppy disk drives and/or hard disk drives. Tandy/RadioShack provided full-service support including upgrade and training services in their thousands of stores worldwide. By 1979, the TRS-80 had the largest selection of software in the microcomputer market; until 1982, the TRS-80 was the best-selling PC line, outselling the Apple II series by a factor of five according to one analysis. In mid-1980, the broadly compatible TRS-80 Model III was released; the Model I was discontinued shortly thereafter due to stricter FCC regulations on radio-frequency interference to nearby electronic devices. In April 1983, the Model III was succeeded by the compatible TRS-80 Model 4. Following the original Model I and its compatible descendants, the TRS-80 name became a generic brand used on other technically unrelated computer lines sold by Tandy, including the TRS-80 Model II, TRS-80 Model 2000, TRS-80 Model 100, TRS-80 Color Computer and TRS-80 Pocket Computer.

In the mid-1970s, Tandy Corporation's RadioShack division was a successful American chain of more than 3,000 electronics stores. Among the Tandy employees who purchased a MITS Altair kit computer was buyer Don French, who began designing his own computer and showed it to vice president of manufacturing John Roach, Tandy's former electronic data processing manager. Although the design did not impress Roach, the idea of selling a microcomputer did; when the two men visited National Semiconductor in California in mid-1976, Homebrew Computer Club member Steve Leininger's expertise on the SC/MP microprocessor impressed them. National executives refused to provide Leininger's contact information when French and Roach wanted to hire him as a consultant, but they found Leininger working part-time at Byte Shop. Leininger was unhappy at National, his wife wanted a better job, Texas did not have a state income tax. Hiring him for his technical and retail experience and French began working together in June 1976.

The company envisioned a kit, but Leininger persuaded the others that because "too many people can't solder", a preassembled computer would be better. Tandy had 11 million customers that might buy a microcomputer, but it would be much more expensive than the US$30 median price of a RadioShack product, a great risk for the conservative company. Executives feared losing money as Sears did with Cartrivision, many opposed the project; as the popularity of CB radio—at one point comprising more than 20% of RadioShack's sales—declined, the company sought new products. In December 1976 French and Leininger received official approval for the project but were told to emphasize cost savings; the original US$199 retail price required manufacturing cost of US$80. Leininger persuaded French to include a better keyboard. In February 1977 they showed their prototype, running a simple tax-accounting program, to Charles Tandy, head of Tandy Corporation; the program crashed as the computer could not handle the US$150,000 figure that Tandy typed in as his salary, the two men added support for floating-point math to its Tiny BASIC to prevent a recurrence.

The project was formally approved on 2 February 1977. When first inspecting the prototype, he remarked that if it did not sell, the project could be worthy if only for the publicity it might generate. MITS sold 1,000 Altairs in February 1975, was selling 10,000 a year; when Tandy asked who would buy the computer, company president Lewis Kornfeld admitted that they did not know if anyone would, but suggested that small businesses and schools might. Knowing that demand was strong for the US$795 Altair—which cost more than $1,000 with a monitor—Leininger suggested that RadioShack could sell 50,000 computers, but no one else believed him. Roach and


TVR1 is the main channel of the Romanian public broadcaster TVR. The most important show of the channel is Jurnalul TVR, whose motto is Jurnalul aşa cum ar trebui sǎ fie!, but on 28 March 2009 was replaced by Telejurnal, its name till today. In 1985, Programul 1 renamed again to TVR becoming the sole television channel in Romania. In 1989, TVR1 broadcast live the events of the revolt which triggered the fall of the Communist regime, covering all the main events live, starting from the last speech of Nicolae Ceauşescu until the new power representatives arrived. At the time and exaggerated stories were broadcast TVR1 was the first television channel to cover all the events of the regime change. TVR 1 has launched an HD broadcast on 3rd November 2019. TVR1 airs popular worldwide series such as: Awake Battlestar Galactica Being Erica Body of Proof Brothers & Sisters Castle Cold Case Combat Hospital CSI: Crime Scene Investigation CSI: Miami CSI: NY Dallas Deadwood Desperate Housewives Downton Abbey Enlightened Eureka Flash Gordon The Following Girls The Good Wife Grey's Anatomy The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy Homeland Hot in Cleveland The Hunger Games Hunted In Treatment Iron Man: Armored Adventures JAG The Legend of Korra Modern Family NCIS NCIS: Los Angeles New Girl Oggy and the Cockroaches The Pacific Primeval Primeval: New World Rescue Me Rookie Blue Rugrats Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Star Trek: Enterprise Star Trek: The Next Generation Star Trek: Voyager Star Wars: The Clone Wars Strike Back The Walking Dead Lost Hannah Montana Saw movie series Mad Men House M.

D. Down the road-aventura Vedeta Populară Eurovision Song Contest Junior Eurovision Song Contest Miss Universe Pageant Romanian TV airs the following channels for minority nationwide: Kronika Magazin în limba maghiară Akzente Magazin în limba germană Television in Romania

Gray Commission

The Commission on Public Education, known as the VPEC or Gray Commission, was a 32-member commission established by Governor of Virginia Thomas B. Stanley on August 23, 1954 to study the effects of the U. S. Supreme Court decisions in Brown v. Board of Education issued on May 17, 1954 and May 31, 1955, to make recommendations, its counsel were his associate Henry T. Wickham. Before establishing the commission, Stanley had announced his opposition to the Brown decision. Stanley was allied with U. S. Senator, Harry F. Byrd, head of the Byrd Organization that had long dominated politics in the state, who as time passed would become more and more staunchly against racial integration, which he rationalized on anti-miscegenation grounds; the day after Brown I, Stanley had called for "cool heads, calm study, sound judgment" and said he would write to Byrd, who at first was neither defiant nor conciliatory. But within days, the governor's office was deluged with letters expressing fears about communist plots and race mixing.

Stanley assured those citizens. On June 20, 1954, twenty legislators from Southside Virginia met in a Petersburg firehouse, called together by state Senator Garland Gray and declared themselves "unalterably opposed" to racial integration in the schools, they included U. S. Congressmen Watkins Abbitt and Bill Tuck, as well as state senators Gray, Mills Godwin and Albertis Harrison. Four days many fourth District citizens descended onto the state capitol. On June 25, 1954, after meeting with other Southern governors in Richmond, Stanley had vowed, "I shall use every legal means at my command to continue segregated schools in Virginia". Section 140 of the State Constitution had provided for racial segregation in public schools. Stanley now proposed repealing Section 129 of the State Constitution, which required the state provide free public schools. Radical segregationists proposed to close public schools to avoid integration, which upset other Virginians; because all 32 of Governor Stanley's appointees on August 30, 1954 were legislators, all were male Caucasians.

The Virginia Council of Churches had urged Stanley to appoint commissioners of both races, but he announced that a legislative commission would be better because legislators would have to consider and act upon its proposals. Republican Ted Dalton had called for a nonpartisan biracial commission to work out a desegregation program for Virginia. State superintendent of public instruction Dowell Howard expressed his hope that the problem could be solved gradually. Stanley's appointees were weighted towards those districts with the largest black communities by percentage, which thus would be most affected by the Supreme Court's rulings. Thus, the 4th and 5th U. S. Congressional districts accounted for ten members and the 1st U. S. Congressional district had five members. All three of those districts were Byrd Organization stronghold and had many counties with more black than white residents, although poll taxes, Jim Crow laws and other tactic restricted blacks' voting power. By that autumn white leaders in those affected communities had formed the Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties, which would radicalize their response.

The Commission's first meeting was held on September 13, 1954. Gray selected an eleven-member executive committee; the full commission decided that all its sessions, as well as those of the executive committee would be closed to the public, although it could hold public hearings. Garland Gray of Waverly, Chairman Harry B. Davis of Norfolk, vice-chairman Howard H. Adams of Eastville representing Accomack and Northampton counties J. Bradie Allman of Rocky Mount representing Franklin County Robert F. Baldwin Jr. of Norfolk Joseph E. Blackburn of Lynchburg Robert Y. Button of Culpeper Orby L. Cantrell of Pound representing Wise and Norton counties Russell M. Carneal of Williamsburg representing Charles City, James City, New Kent and York Counties and Williamsburg Curry Carter of Staunton Walter C. Caudill of Pearisburg Charles W. Cleaton of South Hill, representing Mecklenburg County John H. Daniel of Charlotte Court House, representing Charlotte and Prince Edward Counties Charles R. Fenwick of Arlington Earl A. Fitzpatrick of Roanoke Mills E. Godwin Jr. of Suffolk James D. Hagood of Clover Albertis S. Harrison Jr. of Lawrenceville Charles K. Hutchens of Newport News S. Floyd Landreth of Galax Baldwin G. Locher of Lexington, representing Rockbridge and Buena Vista counties J. Maynard Magruder of Arlington G. Edmond Massie of Richmond William M. Minter of Mathews County ÷ W. Tayloe Murphy Sr. of Warsaw, representing Nortunberland, Westmoreland and Richmond counties Samuel E. Pope of Drewryville, representing Southampton County Harold H. Purcell of Louisa James W. Roberts of Norfolk Vernon S. Shaffer of Maurertown representing Shenandoah County (one o

5, Rue S├ęsame

5, Rue Sésame is a French language children's television series based on the popular U. S. children's show Sesame Street, aired by France 5. This series is the second Sesame Workshop co-production for the first being 1, rue Sésame. Seventy-five 26-minute-long episodes were created for the two seasons, directed by François Basset and Jul Mallard; the series is produced for France 5 by Expand-Drama with Sesame Workshop. The executive producer of the series is Georges Campana; the show debuted airing daily, Sunday to Friday at 6:30 am, Saturdays at 7:00 am and 12:30 pm. Terry Fitzpatrick, Sesame Workshop's executive VP for distribution said: "France has always been a priority market for Sesame Workshop. We first provided local programming and licensed products in the 1970s, have since seen the preschool media landscape evolve tremendously. We are excited to be re-entering the French market with two of the strongest partners in the television business—France's number one preschool broadcaster and the most innovative production company—to deliver compelling educational television that serves the needs of little children."

For the most part, characters in 5, Rue Sésame are unique to the series. Nac – Gentle and generous, he is a 2.2-meter monster. Nac is considered to be the program's "mascot". Griotte – A lavender Anything Muppet girl, she still participates in all the activities on the street. Griotte's name can be translated as Morello cherry, she is similar in design to Roxie Marie from Sesame Street. Yoyo – He is a fearful and anxious monster. Yoyo has a heart of gold and his qualities are endearing, he is a live-hand variation of Narf from Sesame Street. Olive – A green furry monster. Naughty, full of giggles and grins: Olive is all that at once! She has a similar design to that of Karina the Ballerina from Sesame Street. Elmo – Three-and-a-half years old, he is the youngest character in the series. From the American version. Georges – Georges is a penguin who arrived on Rue Sésame inside an ice cube. A likeable character, he made friends with the rest of the Rue's residents. Titouan – A retired man, he is considered to be a "true modern dad".

Baya – A baker. Her good mood and her generosity give the street a lot of confidence. Juliette – This young student works as a newsstand manager on the street; the show follows the original Sesame Street format, in which the extended storyline continues throughout the show, in four parts. Twenty songs are featured in this season; the music is composed by Madeleine Going with lyrics by D’Alexandra Pic. Each episode includes a 1:30 segment featuring French Sign Language, exercise segments around the country, Le monde de Nac, which uses the international films from the American Global Grover series. La lettre du jour with Cookie Monster and Prairie Dawn is dubbed and shown on 5, Rue Sésame, as well as Le chiffre du jour, with Comte von Compte. Plaza Sésamo "Page about the program on France 5's website". Archived from the original on 2006-08-07. Retrieved 2006-01-11

Baloch diaspora

The Baloch diaspora refers to Baloch people, their descendants, who have emigrated to places outside the Balochistan region of South-West Asia – a region stretching from southwestern Pakistan to southeastern Iran and southern Afghanistan. The Baloch diaspora is found throughout the Middle East, South Asia, East Africa, North America and in other parts of the world. Within Pakistan, there are significant numbers of Baloch tribes that have migrated or and settled in regions outside of Balochistan into Sindh; some have migrated into southern Punjab in the Saraiki speaking regions as well as southeast Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Many have become assimilated into their host cultures; the Zardari tribe Jatoi tribe and Chandio and Magsi tribes for example are now culturally Sindhi Baloch. The Talpur dynasty is a Baloch tribe. Meanwhile, the Legharis of Sindh and Southern Punjab speak both Saraiki. There are large numbers of Baloch living in the UAE and other Arab states of the Persian Gulf. There are significant populations in Norway and other European countries.

There is a population of Baloch in Turkmenistan who migrated there in the early 20th century, estimated in 1997 to number between 38,000 and 40,000. There is a small but historic Baloch community in East Africa, left over from when the Sultanate of Muscat ruled over Zanzibar and the Swahili Coast; these migrants were from Makran and southern Balochistan. A majority of them still have ties to their families back in Makran. There are a number of settlements of Baloch in India in Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat, they now speak either balochi Urdu and Kutchi, depending on their location. Smaller but sizeable Baloch communities are found throughout various states in the United States and Canada. Baloch immigrants in North America have formed their own cultural associations and tend to keep the community active through social occasions. Overseas Pakistani Sindhi Baloch Punjabi Baloch Baluch of India List of Baloch tribes Kokaislová, Pavla and Petr Kokaisl. Ethnic Identity of The Baloch People. Central Asia and The Caucasus.

Journal of Social and Political Studies. Volume 13, Issue 3, 2012, p. 45-55. ISSN 1404-6091. Nicolini, Beatrice; the Baluch Role in the Persian Gulf during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Comparative Studies of South Asia and the Middle East – Volume 27, Number 2, 2007, pp. 384–396 Nicolini, The Makran-Baluch-African Network in Zanzibar and East Africa during the XIXth Century and Asian Studies, Volume 5, Numbers 3–4, 2006, pp. 347–370 Baloch Nationalism: Its Origin and Development, Taj Mohammad Breseeg, 2004

Patrick Costello (politician)

Patrick Costello is an Irish Green Party politician, a Teachta Dála for the Dublin South-Central constituency since the 2020 general election. Before being a TD, He was a councillor for Kimmage-Rathmines on the Dublin City Council after he was elected at the 2014 Irish local elections. Prior to entering politics, Costello was a Child Protection Social Worker. Costello attended Gonzaga College before going on to study at University College Dublin, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology in 2002, he did a course in Drugs Counselling Intervention Skills. He completed a Master of Social Work at Trinity College Dublin. After graduating, Costello worked in a variety of front line roles in homeless agencies and services for adults and children, he worked in Merchants Quay Ireland, Focus Ireland and for the HSE. While working as a Child Protection Social Worker he ran in the 2014 local elections and topped the poll, he ran in the 2019 local elections and again topped the poll. Costello is a board member of Clay Youth Project in Crumlin and served as a Human Rights Observer in Palestine with EAPPI.

His partner is chair of the Green Party and a city councillor. They first met, they have a daughter together. His mother Mary Litton Costello was a administrator in Trinity and father Peter Costello is an author and expert in James Joyce. Green Party profile