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Taba, Egypt

Taba is an Egyptian town near the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. Taba is the location of Egypt's busiest border crossing with neighbouring Israel. Taba is a frequent vacation spot for Egyptians and tourists those from Israel on their way to other destinations in Egypt or as a weekend getaway, it is the northernmost resort of Egypt's Red Sea Riviera. The Taba Crisis of 1906 started when Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire decided to build a post at Taba; the British sent an Egyptian Coast Guard steamer to re-occupy Naqb el Taba. When encountered by a Turkish officer who refused them permission to land, the Egyptian force landed on the nearby Pharaoh's Island instead; the British Navy sent warships into the eastern Mediterranean and threatened to seize certain islands under the Ottoman Empire. The Sultan agreed to evacuate Taba and on 13 May 1906. Both Britain and Ottoman Empire agreed to demarcate a formal border that would run straight from Rafah in a south-easterly direction to a point on the Gulf of Aqaba not less than 3 miles from Aqaba.

Taba was located on the Egyptian side of the armistice line agreed to in 1949. During the Suez Crisis in 1956 it was occupied by Israel but returned to Egypt when the country withdrew in 1957. Israel reoccupied the Sinai Peninsula after the Six-Day War in 1967, subsequently, a 400-room hotel was built in Taba. Following the 1979 Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty and Israel were negotiating the exact position of the border, Israel claimed that Taba had been on the Ottoman side of a border agreed between the Ottomans and British Egypt in 1906 and had, been in error in its two previous agreements. After a long dispute, the issue was submitted to an international commission composed of one Israeli, one Egyptian, three outsiders. In 1988, the commission ruled that the British Mandate boundary, not the 1906 boundary, is the one that the boundary based on the 1979 peace treaty should follow; therefore and Egypt resumed negotiations which ended in February 1989. As a result, Taba was partitioned and most of it was given to Egypt As part of this subsequent agreement, travelers are permitted to cross from Israel at the Eilat–Taba border checkpoint, visit the "Aqaba Coast Area of Sinai", visa-free for up to 14 days, making Taba a popular tourist destination.

The resort community of Taba Heights is located some 20 km south of Taba. It features several large hotels, including the Hyatt Regency, Marriott and Intercontinental, it is a significant diving area where many people come to either free dive, scuba dive, or learn to dive via the many PADI courses available. Other recreation facilities include a new desert-style golf course. On 24 September 1995 the Taba Agreement was signed by the PLO in Taba. On October 7, 2004, the Hilton Taba was hit by a bomb that killed 34 people including several Israelis. Twenty-four days an inquiry by the Egyptian Interior Ministry into the bombings concluded that the perpetrators received no external help but were aided by Bedouins on the peninsula. In February 2014, a coach taking tourists to Saint Catherine's Monastery in Sinai exploded in Taba shortly before crossing the border to Israel. At least two South Koreans were killed and 14 injured; the blast was blamed on terrorists. Despite warnings, tourism from Israel to Taba was up in 2016 with many traveling to enjoy the northernmost Red Sea resort.

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert, as the rest of Egypt. Taba heights' temperatures are cooler and it has more rainy days, it receives less sunshine. Located just southwest of Taba is a 3590 km² protected area, including geological formations such as caves, a string of valleys, mountainous passages. There are some natural springs in the area; the area has 25 species of mammals, 50 species of rare birds, 24 species of reptiles. Since Taba existed only as a small Bedouin village, there was never any real transportation infrastructure. More Al Nakb Airport, located on the Sinai plateau some 35 km from Taba, was upgraded and renamed Taba International Airport, now handles half a dozen charter flights a week from the UK as well as weekly charter flights from Belgium, Russia and The Netherlands. Many tourists enter via the Taba Border Crossing from Eilat, Israel and a marina has been built in the new Taba Heights development, some 20 km south of Taba, which has frequent ferry sailings to Aqaba in Jordan, although these are restricted to tourists on organised tours.

Taba Border Crossing Taba International Airport Ras Muhammad National Park Taba Summit Taba Agreement 2004 Sinai bombings Hilton Taba Cultural tourism in Egypt Photographical Impressions Taba at Google Earth Orascom Development

Codex Scardensis

Codex Scardensis or Skarðsbók postulasagna is a large Icelandic manuscript containing Old Norse-Icelandic sagas of the apostles. It is, along with Flateyjarbók, one of the largest 14th century manuscripts produced in Iceland; the manuscript was written in c.1360 at the house of canons regular at Helgafell for Ormr Snorrason. From 1401 to 1807 it was housed at the church in Skarð. From 1827 until 1890 it was considered lost, with its printed edition being based on copies made in the 18th century; the manuscript returned to Iceland in 1965 after being purchased at Sotheby's in London by a consortium of Icelandic banks. As catalogued at Handrit.is, the manuscript contains the following texts: Tíundargerð á Skarðsströnd 1507-1523 Máldagi kirkjunnar á Skarði á Skarðsströnd 1533 Péturs saga postula Páls saga postula Andrés saga postula Tveggja postula saga Jóns og Jakobs Tómas saga postula Filippus saga postula Jakobs saga postula Barthólómeus saga postula Matthías saga postula Tveggja postula saga Símonar og Júdasar Mattheus saga postula Máldagi kirkjunnar á Skarði 1401 The first two and final entries are additions to the manuscript.

A large part of the text appears to be based on manuscripts made not much earlier than Codex Scardensis itself. Tveggja postula saga Jóns og Jakobs, for example, is copied from AM 239 fol., only a few years older than Codex Scardensis. The texts in the manuscript appear, on orthographic and stylistic evidence, to be based on older works; these stay closer to their Latin exemplars. Codex Scardensis was written in around 1360 at the monastery at Helgafell for Ormr Snorrason, a lawman and chief who inherited the estate of Skarð in 1322. Folio 94v. of the manuscript contains a note which records that in 1401 Ormr Snorrason "gave and delivered" the manuscript to the church at Skarð. However, a document from 1397 notes that the ownership of the manuscript was split between the church at Skarð and a "resident farmer". Ormr Snorrason's donation in 1401 appears to have been of his share of the manuscript. Árni Magnússon wanted to purchase the manuscript but was unable to, despite the owners allowing him to gather other manuscripts and fragments from their collections.

He was, allowed to borrow the manuscript from 1710 to 1712, during which time it was copied by one of his scribes. These copies formed the basis of Carl Richard Unger's edition of the sagas of the apostles; the last time the manuscript was mentioned in the inventories of Skarð church was in 1807. In 1827 it was recorded that "The Lives of the Apostles on vellum are now not to be found." The codex reappears on record in 1836. Nothing is known about the manuscript's whereabouts between 1807 and 1836, but Benedikz has suggested that it may have left Skarð "as a peace-offering to Magnús Stephensen"; the codex was bought from Thorpe in November 1836 by the private book-collector Sir Thomas Phillipps. Phillipps produced a catalogue of the 23,837 manuscripts in his collection. Only 50 copies of this were printed, it was through this that the Codex Scardensis's location became known to the world of Old Norse scholarship again. On Phillipps' death in 1872, his manuscript collection passed to his daughter Katherine and her husband John Fenwick.

From 1886 John Fenwick began auctioning off books in the collection, but the Codex Scardensis was never offered for sale. In 1938 Thirlstaine House, where the collection was held, was requisitioned by the British Government as part of the war effort; the manuscripts were stored in crates in the cellars of the house and subsequently purchased for £100,000 by the antiquarian firm of William H Robinson Ltd in 1945. This firm auctioned off the collection until it closed in 1956; the Codex Scardensis was still unsold and passed into the private collection of Lionel and Philip Robinson. Desmond Slay of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth was asked by Jón Helgason to locate the manuscript. Slay did so, in 1960 published a facsimile edition of the text. On 30 November 1965 the manuscript was bought for Iceland by a group of Icelandic banks organised by Dr Jóhannes Nordal; this consortium arranged for the codex to be bought by Mr T. Hannas, a Norwegian bookseller living in London, so as not attract attention and lead to the manuscript's price being increased by a bidding war.

The manuscript had 95 leaves, but one leaf following folio 63 is missing. There are thirteenth gatherings. Folio 45, the largest, measures 41.6 by 27.4 cm, as large at Flateyjarbók. The text is written in two columns of 38 lines; the manuscript features the work of seven scribes. Only one of these, the priest Eilífr who wrote part of the tithe account in 1401, is known by name; the majority of the text was written by a scribe referred to as H Hel02 with contributions by H Hel11. A short passage was written by H Hel03; the other three scribes are responsible for the additions at the beginning and end of the manuscript. Collings, Lucy Grace; the Codex Scardensis: Studies in Icelandic Hagiography. Cornell University: Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Slay, Desmond. Codex Scardensis. Early Icelandic manuscripts in facsimile. 2. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger. Unger, C. R.. Postola sögur: legendariske fortællinger om apostlernes liv, deres kamp for kristendommens udbredelse samt deres martyrdød. Christiania

Homer Hanky

The Official Star Tribune Minnesota Twins Homer Hanky is a handkerchief printed with a baseball-shaped logo during Minnesota Twins championship seasons. It was first introduced during the 1987 Pennant race, when the Twins won the American League Western division, by the Minneapolis Star Tribune as a promotional item for the newspaper during the pennant race. 1987: Red, baseball-shaped logo. Printed at the end of the season Created by Star Tribune promotions manager Terrie Robbins Twins won World Series 1988: Red, baseball diamond-shaped logo. Printed at the beginning of the season Twins finished 2nd in AL West behind the Oakland A's Gap between 1989 and 1990 1991: Red, baseball-shaped logo. Printed at the end of the season Twins won World Series 1992: Red, baseball-shaped logo. Printed at the beginning of the season Twins finished 2nd in AL West behind the Oakland A's Gap between 1993 and 2001 2002: Red, baseball-shaped logo. Printed at the end of the season Twins won AL Central and AL Division Series but lost AL Championship Series to Anaheim Angels.

In 2002 there seems to be two sizes of the Homer Hanky "Proud and Loud". A larger and "normal" size of 15​1⁄2 inch square and a smaller size of 13​1⁄2 inches square with "hanky stitching" on the edge. 2003: Blue, baseball-shaped logo. Printed at the end of the season Twins won AL Central but lost AL Division Series to New York Yankees. 2004: Red, outline of a baseball field Printed at the end of the season Twins won AL Central but lost AL Division Series to New York Yankees. Gap between 2004 and 2005 2006: Red, State of MN with Minneapolis and St. Paul baseball player shaking hands Twins won AL Central on the last day of the regular season, October 1, 2006 Twins lost in the ALDS to the Oakland Athletics Printed at the end of the season, available September 28, 2006 Gap between 2007 and 2008 Homer Hankies were given to all fans during what was to be the last regular season game at the Metrodome on October 4, 2009. On October 6, 2009, the Star Tribune and the Minnesota Twins announced that there would be a 2009 Homer Hanky available.

Twins won AL Central after beating the Detroit Tigers in one game playoff to determine the division champion on October 6. Homer Hankies were given to all fans before the 2010 Home Opener at Target Field; these Hankies featured the official Target Field inaugural season logo and the words "The Official Opening Day Homer Hanky" across the top, "April 12th, 2010 Twins vs. Red Sox" across the bottom. On September 22, the Twins introduced a 2010 Championship Hanky. Homer Hankies were released for All-Star Week on July 11th, 2014; these hankies featured "All Star Week 2014" in blue. The Star Tribune announced, in celebration of the Twins winning the AL Central regular season division championship in 2019, that a new Homer Hanky would be released, they noted. This was the result of Major League Baseball adding a new rule forbidding white rally towels. Handy horn Rally towel Terrible Towel Vuvuzela

George Boswell

George Boswell, is an American television personality, a contestant on the first and seventh seasons of the American version of the CBS reality show Big Brother. A roofer from Rockford, Illinois, he was only one of two contestants on Big Brother 1 to have children, he appeared on the All Star edition, starring past players from the previous six seasons. While in the house, Boswell became known as "Chicken George" and "The Chicken Man" for taking care of the chickens in the house. George was upset about things that occurred in the house, at one point attempted to convince the HouseGuests to walk out in protest, which never happened. George was marked for eviction twice; when George was nominated in the eighth week, his family and hometown rallied to get the votes to keep him, resulting in Brittany's eviction and causing much controversy outside of the house. George was evicted on Day 78, coming in fifth place. George is thus far the only HouseGuest from the first season to appear in a future installment of the series, returning to compete in Big Brother: All-Stars.

He made a guest appearance in Big Brother 10, marking his last appearance in the series. Boswell was the only Houseguest from that season eligible to enter the All-Star house; this is in part to the fact that Big Brother 1 was a much different game than the seasons that followed. As well, winner Eddie McGee and fan favorite Brittany Petros were both approached and declined the invitation to return. Big Brother 1 played more like the international versions of Big Brother. Despite this, George was chosen to enter the All-Star house by the producers, he became the eighth male to enter the house, leaving the gender division in the house at 8-6 instead of the usual split. In the early days of the game, George was ridiculed and dismissed as a minor resident of the house; as time passed, however, he began gaining recognition as a potential threat due to his under-the-radar personality. Some houseguests have compared him to Michael "Cowboy" Ellis, who many believed was taken to the final two of Season 5 because he was unlikely to win.

On Week 3, James nominated George for eviction alongside Will, stating that having caught George eavesdropping on his conversations. George began harbor some animosity for James. Against all odds, George won the Power of Veto. On the downside, he won the veto by choosing to eat only "slop" for the remainder of his time in the house. George made a touching speech at the Veto Ceremony, claiming to feel honored to play with each and every Houseguest, he vetoed his own nomination, he was allowed to eat regular food for a week when Marcellas gave him the slop pass he won during Week 5's HOH competition. During Week 6, Head of Household Janelle was angry at Chicken George for having sworn on his kids that he wouldn't vote to evict Kaysar yet doing so anyway. However, George promised no such thing—he told Kaysar he was unsure what he was going to do. Despite intentions to name George as a replacement nominee after Danielle Reyes won the Power of Veto, she chose instead to nominate Marcellas Reynolds, giving George safety for another week.

At the beginning of Week 7 on Day 46, George won the Head of Household competition in a tie-breaker against Danielle. As part of a surprise double-eviction week, he was forced to nominate two housemate for eviction live, he nominated Erika. However, James won the veto and George nominated Howie. At the beginning of Week Eight, George was nominated alongside Janelle by Erika. Janelle won the veto and removed herself from the block, causing Head of Household Erika to nominate Danielle. Danielle Reyes was evicted the following Thursday, day 60. In addition, Day 60 included "Big Brother Overdrive", a game element where a full week's worth of play took place in an hour. George Boswell was nominated alongside Erika, she was replaced with Mike, George was evicted by a 2-0 vote. Once evicted, George received a bucket of classic KFC chicken from a man dressed as Colonel Sanders, was sent to the jury house. George Boswell on IMDb Profile of Chicken George by CBS for Big Brother 7

Lake Bogoria

Lake Bogoria is a saline, alkaline lake that lies in a volcanic region in a half-graben basin south of Lake Baringo, Kenya, a little north of the equator. Lake Bogoria, like Lake Nakuru, Lake Elmenteita, Lake Magadi further south in the Rift Valley, Lake Logipi to the north, is home at times to one of the world's largest populations of lesser flamingos; the lake is a Ramsar site and Lake Bogoria National Reserve has been a protected National Reserve since November 29, 1973. Lake Bogoria is shallow, is about 34 km long by 3.5 km wide, with a drainage basin of 700 km2. Local features include the Kesubo Swamp to the north and the Siracho Escarpment to the east, both within the National Reserve; the lake is famous for geysers and hot springs along the bank of the lake and in the lake. In four locations around the lake can be observed at least 10 geysers. Geyser activity is affected by the fluctuations of lake level, which may inundate or expose some geysers; the lake waters contain large concentrations of Na HCO3 − and CO32 − ions.

They originate from inflow from the Sandai and Emsos rivers, from about 200 alkaline hot springs that are present at three onshore sites: Loburu, a southern group. Other springs discharge directly from the lake floor. Lake Bogoria contains the highest concentration of true geysers in Africa; the lake waters are saline. The lake has no surface outlet so the water becomes saline through evaporation, high in this semi-arid region; the lake itself is meromictic with less dense surface waters lying on a denser more saline bottom waters. Although hypersaline, the lake is productive with abundant cyanobacteria that feed the flamingoes, but few other organisms inhabit the lake e.g. the monogonont rotifer species Brachionus sp. Austria is found in high densities; the lake has not always been saline. Sediment cores from the lake floor have shown that freshwater conditions existed for several periods during the past 10 000 years, that lake level was up to 9 m higher than its present elevation of about 990 m.

At times it might have overflowed northward towards Lake Baringo. At times, during the late Pleistocene it might have been united with a larger precursor of modern Lake Baringo, but this is still uncertain; the lake was named after Bishop James Hannington who visited in 1885. The lake area was the traditional home of the Endorois people, who were forced to leave the area in the 1970s and are now challenging their removal at the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. Hotel accommodation is available near Loboi village at the north end of the lake. Camping is permitted at the southern end of the lake. Rift Valley Lakes East African Rift Rivers of Kenya Tiercelin, J. J. and Vincens, A. 1987. Le demi–graben de Baringo–Bogoria, Rift Gregory, Kenya: 30,000 ans d’histoire hydrologique et sédimentaire. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, v. 11, p. 249–540. Renaut, R. W. and Tiercelin, J.-J. 1993. Lake Bogoria, Kenya: soda, hot springs and about a million flamingoes.

Geology Today, v. 9, p. 56-61. Renaut, R. W. and Tiercelin, J.-J. 1994. Lake Bogoria, Kenya Rift Valley: a sedimentological overview. In: Sedimentology and Geochemistry of Modern and Ancient Saline Lakes. SEPM Special Publication, v. 50, p. 101–123. North Lewis, M. 1998. A Guide to Lake Baringo and Lake Bogoria. Horizon Books. Harper, D. M. Childress, R. B.. Harper, M. M. Boar, R. R. Hickley, P. Mills, S. C. Otieno, N. Drane, T. Vareschi, E. Nasirwa, O.1, Mwatha, W. E. Darlington, J. P. E. C. and Escuté-Gasulla, X. 2003. Aquatic biodiversity and saline lakes: Lake Bogoria National Reserve, Kenya. Hydrobiologia, v. 500, p. 259-276. Renaut, R. W. and Owen, R. B. 2005. The geysers of Lake Bogoria, Kenya Rift Valley, Africa. GOSA Transactions, v. 9, 4–18. Minority Rights Group on the Endorois and Lake Bogoria

Withrow Court

Withrow Court was the intramural sports gymnasium at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. It consisted of the additional wings that were added on; the main gym consisted of 3 basketball/volley courts. The South Gym was the indoor tennis court and the North Gym is the gymnastic studio. There were 2 aerobics/combative rooms, along with 8 racquetball courts, 2 squash courts, 2 classrooms. There was balcony seating in the gyms and there were men’s and women’s locker rooms Until spring 2016, Withrow Court held the Miami University Archives; the Archives consists of all Miami University buildings and important information and records about the history of Miami. The Western College Memorial Archives were kept in Withrow after being relocated from Peabody Hall, on Western Campus. There are many different records from photos to letters. For example, you can find letters of acceptance or denial to the dedication of Withrow Court in these Archives. There was an original photo of Withrow Court, taken by Frank R. Snyder.

The Archives merged with the Walter Havighurst Special Collections in King Library. Withrow Court was built in 1931 at Miami University in Ohio, it was planned to be the men's assembly hall. It used to be the Main Varsity Basketball Arena. Withrow Court was dedicated on February 1932 in memory of Dr. John M. Withrow, he was dedicated to improving health. He was a trustee for Miami University for 46 years from 1885 until his death in Cincinnati on May 14, 1931. Withrow Court was used as the main gymnasium until Millett Hall was built in 1968, he was a Miami student from 1870 to 1873. In 1884 he received his M. D. degree from Ohio Medical College in Cincinnati. He became a gynecology professor at this college from 1885 to 1895, he was honored with an A. M. degree in 1893 and an LL. D. degree in 1922 from the University. Withrow Court dedication took place in Oxford on February 13, 1932. Dr. Alfred H. Upham was president of Miami University at the time; the dedication was to show support for the new physical education building at Miami University.

The building costs were $300,000 from the state of Ohio. The main gymnasium was 175 by 88 and could be divided into 3 full size courts for intramural sports or competitions. There are temporary bleachers that can be placed in these seat about 3500 people; the first floor of the gymnasium consists of the locker and shower rooms, the varsity and freshman team rooms and officials locker and dressing rooms, store rooms, four handball courts and two squash courts. There were about 1200 lockers installed throughout. There was a small gymnasium used for boxing and fencing; the first floor had two large classrooms and staff offices. The gymnasium had men and women restrooms throughout the building. There was a second dedication of the building on April 6, 1966; this dedication was to show. There were wings added onto the north and east ends of the building; this was in the original plans of Withrow Court, but had to be spread over time. Intramural Basketball Varsity Baseball and Softball Indoor practice Varsity Tennis Indoor practice Club Sports Programs KNH classes