Tablature is a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches. Tablature is common for fretted stringed instruments such as the lute, vihuela, or guitar, as well as many free reed aerophones such as the harmonica. Tablature was common during the Renaissance and Baroque eras, is used today in notating many forms of music. Three types of organ tablature were used in Europe: German and Italian. To distinguish standard musical notation from tablature, the former is called "staff notation" or just "notation"; the word tablature originates from the Latin word tabulatura. Tabula is a slate, in Latin. To tabulate something means to put it into a table or chart; the first known occurrence in Europe is around 1300, was first used for notating music for the organ. While standard notation represents the rhythm and duration of each note and its pitch relative to the scale based on a twelve tone division of the octave, tablature is instead operationally based, indicating where and when a finger should be placed to generate a note, so pitch is denoted implicitly rather than explicitly.

Tablature for plucked strings is based upon a diagrammatic representation of the strings and frets of the instrument, keyboard tablature represents the keys of the instrument, woodwind tablature shows whether each of the fingerholes is to be closed or left open. F____________________ D____________________ A____________________ F____________________ D____________________ A____________________ Lowercase letters or "glyphs"are placed on each of these lines to represent notes. If it is required to play an open D course, for instance, a small a will be placed on the appropriate line. For a note with the finger on the first fret a b, a note on the second fret etc.. However, as mentioned above, j was not used since it was not considered a separate letter from i, c looked more like r or the third letter of the Greek alphabet, Γ. Thus: F_____c___ D_____a___ A_____b___ F_____c___ D_____a___ A_____b___ G - a would represent a G-minor chord, All open strings would represent a D-minor chord: F______a________ D______a________ A______a________ F______a________ D______a________ A______a________ D- ///a The strings below the sixth course are notated with additional short ledger lines: glyphs are placed below the staff.

These courses are tuned in accordance with the key of each piece played: G- a F- /a E- //a D- ///a C- 4 B- 5 A- 6 The origins of German lute tablature can be traced back well into the 15th century. Blind organist Conrad Paumann is said to have invented it, it was used in German-speaking countries until the end of the 16th century. Various computer programs are available for writing tablature. ASCII tab files can be written with any ordinary word text editor. Guitar tablature is used for electric guitar. A modified guitar tubulature with four strings is used for electric bass. Guitar and bass tab is used in pop, rock and country music leadsheets and songbooks, it appears in instructional books and websites. Tab may be given as the only notation, or, as with guitar solo transcriptions and standard notation may be provided; the following examples are labelled with letters on the left denoting the string names, with a lowercase e for the high E string. Tab lines may be numbered 1 through 6 instead, representing standard string numbering, where "1" is the high E string, "2" is the B string, etc.

The order of lines is not standardized. Some tablature is written in pitch order, with the high "e" string on top, descending in pitch order to the low "E" string on the bottom. Other tablature is written the other way, with the string closest to the ceiling on top and the one closest to the floor on the bottom. To avoid confusion, tablature writers will write the pitches to the left of the tablature so the reader knows the convention being used; the numbers that are written on the lines represent the fret used to obtain the desired pitch. For example, the number 3 written on the top line of the staff indicates that the player should press down at the third fret on the high E. Number 0 denotes the nut --. If music is to be played using a capo, the numbers always indicate the number of frets from the capo, not from the nut. For chords, a letter above or below the tablature staff denotes the root note of the chord, chord notation is usually relative to a capo, so chords played with a capo are transposed.

Examples of guitar tablature notation: The chords E, F, G as an ASCII tab: e|---0---1---3--- B|---0---1---0--- G|---1---2---0--- D|---2---3---0--- A|---2---3---2--- E|---0---1---3--- E F G Tablature can use various lines and other symbols to denote various legato techniques, such as bends, hammer-ons, pull-offs, so on. Common tablature symbols represent various techniques, though these may vary, include: Further symbols to indicate note lengths may be used along the top of the tablature, examples include: Guitar tablature is not standardized and different sheet-music publishers adopt different conventions. Songbooks and guitar magazines include a legend setting out the convention in use; the most common form of lute tablature differs in the details. See above; when circles are used to indicate fingering, sounded notes are white, an assumed root is grey, a sounded r

Another Perfect Day (song)

"Another Perfect Day" is the second single from American Hi-Fi's self-titled debut album. The music video for the song features comedian Patton Oswalt; the song was used in NBC's coverage of the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. It peaked at #33 on Modern Rock Tracks; the song speaks of holding on to a relationship despite all the disappointments. The speaker, who understands that the relationship is falling apart but doesn't want to end it just yet, tries to brush off the negative emotions he/she is experiencing. However, he/she is still incapable of "letting it slide". Music Director - The Malloys The music video of the song features comedian Patton Oswalt as Carl where he wears a corn dog costume; the video starts where the band is seen performing in a warehouse and Carl is seen waking up after a bad day, goes to get the newspaper but the paperboy throws the newspaper at his face and when he looks at it, the headlining news says that "Corn Dog Hut Fires Carl". With a sad face full of regrets he remembers the days.

He did commercials for them and was treated as VIP. He got the girls and he seemed to be rich, but he goes way over headed with things and starts getting drunk at the pool, annoys other people and swim's in the pool in the costume and the security throws him out. He ends up near the garbage, he goes crazy. In the ending he sees his postures being replaced and the winery hut guy with his girlfriend sees Carl around their place and they make a laugh at his life and drive away; the video ends but it shows in lines that Carl got married and gave birth to a Jumbo Dog. His career had never recovered but he was slated to star in an episode of VIP that fall. "Another Perfect Day" "Another Perfect Day" "Another Perfect Day" Official music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Hálendið (novel)

Hálendið is a 2011 novel by Steinar Bragi published by Mál og menning. It enjoyed positive reviews; the novel is implicitly set around the time of the 2008–11 Icelandic financial crisis. It has four main characters, whose back-stories and psychological peculiarities the novel develops through narratorial exposition and the characters' own flashbacks and conversations: Hrafn, born into an elite Icelandic family, who after a troubled youth has become a leading entrepreneur in Iceland's financial boom. Vigdís, Hrafn's girlfriend, notwithstanding the death of her mother in a car accident and a distant father, has done well in her education and become a psychiatrist. Egill, a childhood friend of Hrafn's who despite heavy drinking and womanising has by dint of hard work become a lawyer and a leading player in Iceland's financial boom. Anna, Egill's girlfriend, noted in the novel for her sexual drive, a successful journalist and writer, she brings with her her dog Tryggur. The four go on holiday in the Icelandic highlands.

Losing the road in foggy darkness, Hrafn accidentally drives the jeep into the wall of a house mysteriously located in the highland desert, making the jeep unusable and forcing the characters to demand the reluctant hospitality of the house's two inhabitants: an old woman, Ása. The novel is quick to imply that there is something dangerous about the situation. With no mobile phone signal and unsure of their location, the characters seek to find a way to reach civilization and get help, the plot of the novel comprises the failure of these efforts. On the first day they try to drive to a village in an old jeep which Ása lends them, but it crashes in a pothole and they walk home. Tryggur goes missing overnight. On the second day Hrafn, Vigdís, Egill try walking north to get a phone signal; the walkers soon find a dam in a glacial river and an abandoned settlement, explore the village, finding disturbing, man-made piles of animal bones, one surmounted with a photograph of Vigdís sleeping, taken with her own polaroid camera.

Hrafn attacks Egill due to factors including old enmities and Egill's apparent lust for Vigdís, the three become separated, returning home separately through a sandstorm. Meanwhile, Anna explores the house, discovering the old man's office and that he is one Kjartan Aðalsteinsson, a doctor and one-time member of the Icelandic business elite, associated with Björgólfur Guðmundsson and Margrét Þóra Hallgrímsson. From the office she finds a hidden room containing a bed, a pistol, a switch labeled'see me' which, when pressed, gives her a serious electric shock. Piecing clues together, Anna concludes that Kjartan had a child by his own sister, the family moved to the highlands to escape public shame, it is implied that he was'a once-famous scientist who has undertaken dangerous experiments on human subjects'. On the third day and Anna set off at daybreak without telling Hrafn and Vigdís, as Egill wishes to escape from Hrafn. Before going far, they find Tryggur's collar with an arrow made with stones pointing down the gully through which the glacial river runs.

Following this sign, Egill enters a tunnel in the gully's side, sees a mutilated Tryggur, nothing more is seen of either in the novel. It emerges than Anna follows Egill into the tunnel. Setting off Hrafn and Vigdís find Anna and Egill's bags; that night, the electricity cuts out and various other unnerving developments occur, leading up to a knock on the door. Despite Ása's demands and Vigdís open it to find Anna wrapped in fishing line stolen from their car and mutilated by the removal of her fingers and tongue and deafened, she bears a message. Early on the fourth day and Vigdís set off to look for Egill; the narrative perspective shifts to Hrafn and as he becomes confused or indeed deranged, it becomes unclear to the reader how reliable the account is. It is implied that Hrafn either is or starts to believe himself responsible for at least some of the violence that has taken place. Hrafn and Vigdís become separated during an confused sequence, Hrafn returns to the house and for the first time tries to explore the basement.

The novel closes with a confused account of Vigdís being discovered wandering naked in the highlands, the police investigating events at the'house', Vigdís's hospitalisation. Yet it appears at this stage that the house was in fact a large rock; the novel is written in the third person. It contains a map of the region where the novel is set and a reproduction of Seb Patane's'Four Generations', it is divided into four sections:'Eyðimörkin','Það hefur enga sál','Húsið', and'Náttúra'. The narratorial perspective shifts from one character to another, explicitly labelling from whose perspective each sequence of chapters is presented; the novel has been understood as a self-