Table Mountain

Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa. It is a significant tourist attraction, with many visitors using the hiking to the top; the mountain forms part of the Table Mountain National Park, part of the lands ranged by Khoe-speaking clans, such as the! Uriǁʼaes, it is home to a large array of fauna and flora, most of, endemic. The main feature of Table Mountain is the level plateau three kilometres from side to side, edged by impressive cliffs; the plateau, flanked by Devil's Peak to the east and by Lion's Head to the west, forms a dramatic backdrop to Cape Town. This broad sweep of mountainous heights, together with Signal Hill, forms the natural amphitheatre of the City Bowl and Table Bay harbour; the highest point on Table Mountain is towards the eastern end of the plateau and is marked by Maclear's Beacon, a stone cairn built in 1865 by Sir Thomas Maclear for trigonometrical survey. It is 1,086 metres above sea level, about 19 metres higher than the cable station at the western end of the plateau.

The cliffs of the main plateau are split by Platteklip Gorge, which provides an easy and direct ascent to the summit and was the route taken by António de Saldanha on the first recorded ascent of the mountain in 1503. The flat top of the mountain is covered by orographic clouds, formed when a south-easterly wind is directed up the mountain's slopes into colder air, where the moisture condenses to form the so-called "table cloth" of cloud. Legend attributes this phenomenon to a smoking contest between the Devil and a local pirate called Van Hunks; when the table cloth is seen, it symbolizes the contest. Table Mountain is at the northern end of a sandstone mountain range that forms the spine of the Cape Peninsula that terminates 50 kilometres to the south at the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Point. To the south of Table Mountain is a rugged "plateau" at a somewhat lower elevation than the Table Mountain Plateau, called the "Back Table"; the "Back Table" extends southwards for 6 km to the Constantia Nek-Hout Bay valley.

The Atlantic side of the Back Table is known as the Twelve Apostles, which extends from Kloof Nek to Hout Bay. The eastern side of this portion of the Peninsula's mountain chain, extending from Devil's Peak, the eastern side of Table Mountain, the Back Table to Constantia Nek, does not have single name, as on the western side, it is better known by the names of the conservation areas on its lower slopes: Groote Schuur Estate, Newlands Forest, Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens, Cecilia Park, Constantia Nek. The upper 600-metre portion of the one-kilometre-high table-topped mountain, or mesa, consists of 450-510 million years old rocks belonging to the two lowermost layers of the Cape Fold Mountains; the uppermost, younger of the two layers, consists of hard quartzitic sandstone referred to as "Table Mountain Sandstone", or "Peninsula Formation Sandstone", resistant to erosion and forms characteristic steep grey crags. The 70-metre-thick lower layer, known as the "Graafwater Formation", consists of distinctively maroon-colored mudstones, which were laid down in much thinner horizontal strata than the Table Mountain Sandstone strata above it.

The Graafwater rocks can best be seen just above the contour path on the front of Table Mountain, around Devils Peak. They can been seen in the cutting along Chapman's Peak Drive; these rocks are believed to have originated in shallow tidal flats, in which a few Ordovician fossils, fossil tracks have been preserved. The overlying TMS arose in deeper water, either as a result of subsidence, or a rise in the sea level; the Graafwater rocks rest on the basement consisting of Cape Granite. Devil's Peak, Signal Hill, the City Bowl and much of the "Cape Flats", rest on folded and altered phyllites and hornfelses known informally as the Malmesbury shales; the Cape Granite and Malmesbury shales form the lower, gentler slopes of the Table Mountain range on the Cape Peninsula. They are of late Precambrian age; the basement rocks are not nearly as resistant to weathering as the TMS, but significant outcrops of the Cape Granite are visible on the western side of Lion's Head, elsewhere on the Peninsula. The weathered granite soil of the lower slopes of the Peninsula Mountain range are more fertile than the nutrient-poor soils derived from TMS.

Most of the vineyards found on the Cape Peninsula are therefore found on these granitic slopes of the Table Mountain range. The mountain owes it table-top flatness to the fact that it is a syncline mountain, meaning that it once was the bottom of a valley; the anticline, or highest point of the series of folds that Table Mountain was once part of, lay to the east, but, weathered away, together with the underlying softer Malmesbury shale and granite basement, to form the "Cape Flats". The "Cape Flats" form the isthmus; the Fold Mountains reappear as the Hottentots-Holland Mountain range on the mainland side of the "Cape Flats". What has added to the mountain's table-top flatness is that it consists of the hard, lower layer of the Table Mountain Sandstone Formation; this wa


NewsPunch is a Los Angeles-based fake news website known for spreading conspiracy theories and political misinformation peddling fake news, mixed in with real news stories. Named Your News Wire, it was founded in 2014 by Sean Adl-Tabatabai and Sinclair Treadway. In November 2018, it rebranded itself as NewsPunch, began redirecting traffic to A 2017 Buzzfeed News report identified NewsPunch as being the second-largest source of popular fake stories spread on Facebook that year, a June 2018 Poynter analysis identified NewsPunch as being debunked over 80 times in 2017 and 2018 by Poynter-accredited factcheckers such as Snopes,, PolitiFact, the Associated Press. The European Union's East StratCom Task Force has criticized NewsPunch for spreading Russian propaganda, a charge Adl-Tabatabai denies. Regular contributors to NewsPunch include Adl-Tabatabai, a former BBC and MTV employee from London employed by professional conspiracy theorist David Icke, Adl-Tabatabai's mother Carol Adl, an alternative health practitioner, Baxter Dmitry, posing as an unrelated Latvian man using a stolen profile photo.

NewsPunch has published false stories, including: Stories pushing the debunked Pizzagate conspiracy theory. NewsPunch was one of the first sites to propagate the conspiracy theory, publishing a falsified story, used as a basis for Pizzagate's viral spread among the alt-right. Claims that the 2017 Las Vegas shootings and Manchester Arena bombings were false flags. Anti-vaccination hoaxes alleging that Bill Gates refused to vaccinate his children and "admitted that vaccinations are designed so that governments can depopulate the world". Claims that Hillary Clinton's popular vote victory in the 2016 United States Presidential election was the result of voter fraud. Allegations that Clinton was responsible for Anthony Bourdain's suicide. False claims. List of fake news websites Fake news websites in the United States

The Red Bed

The Red Bed is a piece of painted furniture designed by the English architect and designer William Burges made between 1865 and 1867. Built of mahogany, painted blood red and decorated with imagery of the Sleeping Beauty fairy tale, it was made for Burges's rooms at Buckingham Street, moved to his bedroom at The Tower House, the home he designed for himself in Holland Park. Burges wanted to fill his home with furniture covered with both ornaments and subjects. Burges died in the bed, aged 53, on 20 April 1881; the bed is now part of the collection of Burges furniture at The Higgins Art Gallery & Museum in Bedford. Crook, J. Mordaunt. William Burges and the High Victorian Dream. Francis Lincoln. ISBN 978-0-7112-3349-2. U K Stationery Office. Export of Objects of Cultural Interest 2010/11: 1 May 2010 - 30 April 2011; the Stationery Office. ISBN 978-0-10-851100-4