Abadín is a municipality in the province of Lugo, Spain. It covers 196.1 km² and has a population of 3,250 for a population density of 16.57/km². It resides in the region of Terra Cha. Abadín is situated in the north-east of Terra Chá; the municipality is crossed by the Serra do Xistral, the Cordal de Neda, the rivers Labrada and Abadín. The mean elevation is of 500 m, the highest point is Lombo Pequeno at 1015 m; the countryside of Abadín is dominated by a fertile valley, crossed by the rivers Ouro, Abadín, Santandrea, Anllo and Fraga Vella, surrounded by mountains. They are the important sierras of Cordal de Neda, Tremoal, Couto da Cal, A Fraga das Vigas, the nearby mountains of Costa do Sol and O Picouto; the mean annual temperature is about 10°C. The rainfalls are high, 1799 mm./year. The winters are cold and rainy, the summers are dry. Abadín has been linked to the Ancient Mondonedo Province and the monastic sites of Meira or Lourenza Abbey; these religious and political centres have been related to the arrival by sea in the 5th-6th centuries of Britons from the British Isles The landscape of the municipality of Abadín is configured inside a fertile valley crossed by several rivers and streams and surrounded by mountains.
Morphologically there are two units: the first consists of a series of mountain ridges which include the Sierra de Carba in the west with the Pena da Agua, Sierra del Gistral in the northwest and the Sierra de Toxiza in the northeast with the Coto Cal. These elevations make up the northern edge of the Lugo plateau; the second unit constitutes the undulating and morphological area of erosion which surfaces between 400 and 600 meters with the only elevation at Neda's Peak in the Cordal de Neda. The highest point is Lombo Pequeño with an elevation of 1,027 meters in the Sierra del Gistral. Found: INE Archiv Porto das Egoas, Argán, in the parish of Vilarente; the Mindoniensis-Ferrolensis Province in the 21st Century
Sarria is a municipality in the province of Lugo, northwestern Spain, in the autonomous community of Galicia. Sarria is the most populous town on the French Way in Galicia, with 13,700 inhabitants, it is the most popular starting point for the Camino de Santiago. King Alfonso IX of León died in Sarria in 1230. Sarria's artistic heritage is characterized by churches, which are essential to the Way of St. James; this includes the early-Gothic, 13th-century church, O Salvador, located on Rúa Maior. In this town, from its unusual rúa Maior, it is possible to see the only tower that remains of the medieval fortress belonging to the town called Fortress of Sarria. Around this tower, a fair is held three times a month to showcase the traditional products of the area. From its medieval past, Sarria conserves the Convent of A Madalena belonging to the Mercedarian Fathers, founded at the beginning of the 13th century as a pilgrim hospital by Italian monks of the Order of the Blessed Martyrs of Jesus, who were pilgrims.
The present building, which houses a small cloister and a church, is a mixture of different styles of construction ranging from the 15th to the 18th centuries. Today, it is a private school. Sarria stands out in the Camino de Santiago for being the population centre with the largest offering of services, it has a strategic point of view of its connections. The township of Sarria offers a number of leisure activities to visitors, such as O Chanto recreational site, on the banks of the river Sarria. There are options for fishing at several preserves along the river Sarria, trekking or taking horseback rides; the village's gastronomy includes dishes like the local stew, made of pork, octopus and wild game, partridge and hare. Other local foods include the blood crepes of egg freixos, served with cream or honey; the economy of this Galician town is based on cattle farming and industry the production of furniture. However, the importance of tourism in Sarria in increasing due to its cultural heritage and food.
The most popular festivities in Sarria are the feast of St. John, the patron saint festival, Corpus Christi, during which a procession takes place; the Noite Meiga is held the last Saturday of August. Official website
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Lugo called Lucus Augusti in Latin, is a city in northwestern Spain in the autonomous community of Galicia. It is the capital of the province of Lugo; the municipality had a population of 98,025 in 2018, making it the fourth most populous city in Galicia. Lugo is the only city in the world to be surrounded by intact Roman walls, which reach a height of 10 to 15 metres along a 2,117-metre circuit ringed with 71 towers; the walk along the top is continuous round the circuit, features ten gates. These 3rd century walls are protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site; the bridge over the Minho is of Roman date, though many repairs over the centuries have effaced its Roman character. It is along the Camino Primitivo path of the Camino de Santiago; the population of the city in 2010 was 97,635 inhabitants, growing since the first census in 1842, while the rest of the province is losing population dramatically. The population of the city in 2014 was 98,560 inhabitants. From INE In 2010 there were 5,373 foreigners living in the city, representing a 5.5% of the total population.
The main nationalities are Colombians and Brazilians. By language, according to 2008 data, 47.37% of the population speaks always or in Galician, 52.63% speaks always or in Spanish. The town lies on a hill surrounded by the rivers Minho and Chanca; the difference in altitude between downtown and the river banks is considerable, while in the center of the city's altitude of 465 meters above sea level, at the height of the Miño River Walk is the altitude of only 364 metres. The municipality of Lugo is the second largest in Galicia, with 329.78 square kilometres and 59 parishes. It should be emphasized that the outline of the city was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO on 7 November 2002, this being the most important recognition at international level regarding the conservation of landscapes and habitats of this Atlantic European region; the area has been divided into more than 54 villages: Adai, Bacurín, Bazar, Bocamaos, Bóveda, O Burgo, Camoira, Coeo, Coeses, Cuíña, Gondar, Lamas, Mazoi, Meilán, Monte de Meda, Ombreiro, Orbazai, O Outeiro das Camoiras, Pedreda, Pías, Piúgos, Poutomillos, Prógalo, Ribas de Miño, Romeán, Rubiás, San Mamede dos Anxos, San Martiño de Piñeiro, San Pedro de Mera, San Román, San Salvador de Muxa, San Xoán de Pena, San Xoán do Alto, San Xoán do Campo, Santa Comba, Santa María de Alta, Santa Marta de Fixós, Santalla de Bóveda de Mera, Santo André de Castro, Soñar, Tirimol, Torible, O Veral, Vilachá de Mera.
Lugo has a humid oceanic climate with drier summers, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification although it could be classified as a mild mediterranean climate depending on favoured summer precipitation threshold. Due to its remoteness from the Atlantic, its annual precipitation of 1,084 millimetres can be considered low compared with areas of the Rias Baixas and Santiago de Compostela; the highest temperature recorded in history, 39.6 °C, occurred in August 1961 and the lowest temperature was −13.2 °C in February 1983. The city has an average of six days of snow per year, a contrast to coastal cities of Galicia which have not received snow in modern times
Castro de Rei
Castro de Rei, is a municipality in the Spanish province of Lugo. It is located in the autonomous community of Galicia and belongs to the region of the Terra Chá; the population in 2009 was 5,685 people according to INE. From a demographic standpoint, the whole region suffered the ravages of migration and demographic ageing, which left indelible consequences in mountain parishes. However, Castro de Rei did not experience these fluctuations in other municipalities in Lugo. Throughout the century the population stood at about six or seven thousand, making the effective population loss not as alarming as in the mountain municipalities of Lugo. Castro de Rei has 25 civil parishes, it has a population density of 32.7 inhabitants/km2. Castro de Rei is located in the comarca of the Terra Cha; this factor determines the most of their socioeconomic characteristics. Its average altitude is between 500 meters. In the east the terrain becomes more rugged due to its proximity to the eastern mountains; the elevation of the Montes dos Millares is 620 meters and the Pedras Albas has an elevation of 619 meters Pedras Albas.
The Minho river and several of its tributaries irrigate the lands. The Minho runs through the municipality and derives secondary manifolds, which are Azúmara, the Lea, Anllo. Climatically, Castro de Rei has a temperate climate with abundant rainfall in the winter months; the region is characterized by its plains and its vast wetlands, home to waterfowl and large communities of amphibians. Associated with these wetlands appears a landscape mosaic, ecologically rich with color and an ample variety of habitats: grasslands, forests and rushes; the functional organization of the territory follows a monocentric structure with three main comarcs: Vilalba and Castro de Rei. Castro de Rei has three mountain ranges: Os Arroxos O Condado Aguceira Abroiti Pedras Albas Ansemar Azúmara Balmonte Bazar Bendia Castro de Rei Coea Duancos Duarría Dumpín Goberno Loentia
A Fonsagrada is a town and municipality in the province of Lugo in the autonomous community of Galicia in northwest Spain, 25 miles east-north-east of Lugo by road. Its population in 2004 was 5,007. A Fonsagrada is situated 3,166 feet above sea-level on the watershed between the rivers Rodil and Suarna, it is an important market for all kinds of agricultural produce, it manufactures linen and frieze. The history of Fonsagrada is linked to the pilgrim Camino de Santiago. A variant of the Way, the Camino Primitivo, goes through the municipality; the City Council of Burón was composed of the existing councils of Negueira de Muñiz. Subsequently, the council Negueira de Muñiz separated from Fonsagrada. In 1943 the provincial council elected its mayor Benjamin Alvarez Fernandez to the position of prosecutor in courts in the First Legislature of the Spanish Courts, representing the municipalities of this province; the "primitive way" to Santiago refers to a stretch between Palas de Rei. It enters Galicia through Fonsagrada, among whose landmarks is the "New Royal Hospital of Santiago de Montouto", a half-ruined building, used by pilgrims.
This hospital has its origin in the "Old Royal Hospital of Santiago de Montouto", founded by Pedro I "The cruel". The hospital gives its name to a local mountain range, the "Serra do Hospital". A Fonsagrada and its villages has a particular tradition of celebrating Antroido. During the festivals the lights are turned off and turn on torches and the people leave for a pilgrimage. To note is the "Feria de septiembre," or "September Fair" in English, one of the largest and most traditional livestock festivals across the province of Lugo. However, due to the abandonment of many small farms in nearby villages, its importance was lost in the late 20th century; the "Feria del emigrantes," or "Fair of Emigrants" in English, is held in early or mid-August and has replaced the importance of the "Feria de septiembre." It is celebrated as a reunion with those that left and never came back but return to the area for vacations. The Day of Galicia, 25 July, is held next to the "New Royal Hospital of Santiago de Montouto" in the parish of Padrón.
It is held in a chapel, built in for a procession in honor of St. James; the entire region, except a few villages, is located in mountainous areas, so the vegetation is poor. The region has Atlantic mountain characteristics with an influence of Mediterranean characteristics as well; the region has not registered orange tree. Highlighting the pine, the native black pine is considered extinct in the region. Wildlife includes the rare Kerry slug
Guitiriz is a City Council known for its spa of mineral water in the Terra Chá Region, Province of Lugo in North-western Spain. Becín Buriz Labrada Lagostelle Mariz As Negradas Parga Pedrafita Pígara Roca Trasparga Vilar Vilares de Parga Though the early settlers were of Celtic origin and the Romans knew about the therapeutic properties of the thermae, it was not till the arrival of the Suebi after the collapse of the Roman Empire that this Spa Town became popular for the first time in the 6th century; the name "Guitiriz" is derived from "Witirici", the Latin genitive of Witiricus meaning "the place owned by Witiricus". In the 14th century the entire Terra Chá Region ended up as part of the domains of Fernán Pérez de Andrade whose family were to become the First Counts of Villalba during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs. Amongst other remains in the area is a well conserved medieval fortification, the Castle of Parga, a Gothic bridge. Hot spring Sauna Thermae Mineral water Balneotherapy Hydrotherapy Web-site devoted to the Spa Town of Guitiriz in North-western Spain The Hespederia in the Spa Town of Guitiriz Tower of the Andrade Counts of Villalba in the Terra Chá Region - Built at the end of the Middle Ages 14th Century