Taekwondo, Tae Kwon Do or Taekwon-Do is a Korean martial art, characterized by its emphasis on head-height kicks and spinning kicks, fast kicking techniques. Taekwondo is a combative sport and was developed during the 1940s and 1950s by Korean martial artists with experience in martial arts such as karate, Chinese martial arts, indigenous Korean martial arts traditions such as Taekkyon and Gwonbeop; the oldest governing body for Taekwondo is the Korea Taekwondo Association, formed in 1959 through a collaborative effort by representatives from the nine original kwans, or martial arts schools, in Korea. The main international organisational bodies for Taekwondo today are the International Taekwon-Do Federation, founded by Choi Hong Hi in 1966, the partnership of the Kukkiwon and World Taekwondo, founded in 1972 and 1973 by the Korea Taekwondo Association. Gyeorugi, a type of full-contact sparring, has been an Olympic event since 2000; the governing body for Taekwondo in the Olympics and Paralympics is World Taekwondo.

Beginning in 1945, shortly after the end of World War II and Japanese Occupation, new martial arts schools called kwans opened in Seoul. These schools were established by Korean martial artists with backgrounds in Japanese and Chinese martial arts. At the time, indigenous disciplines were all but forgotten, due to years of decline and repression by the Japanese colonial government; the umbrella term traditional Taekwondo refers to the martial arts practiced by the kwans during the 1940s and 1950s, though in reality the term "Taekwondo" had not yet been coined at that time, indeed each kwan was practicing its own unique fighting style. In 1952, South Korean President Syngman Rhee witnessed a martial arts demonstration by ROK Officer Choi Hong-hi and Nam Tae-hi from the 29th Infantry Division, he misrecognized the technique on display as Taekkyeon, urged martial arts to be introduced to the army under a single system. Beginning in 1955 the leaders of the kwans began discussing in earnest the possibility of creating a unified Korean martial art.

Until Tang Soo Do was used to name Korean Karate, using the Korean hanja pronunciation of the Japanese kanji. The name Tae Soo Do was used to describe a unified style Korean martial arts; this name consists of the hanja 跆 tae "to stomp, trample", 手 su "hand" and 道 do "way, discipline". Choi Hong Hi advocated the use of the name Tae Kwon Do, i.e. replacing su "hand" by 拳 kwon "fist", the term used for "martial arts" in Chinese. The name was the closest to the pronunciation of Taekkyeon, in accordance with the views of the president; the new name was slow to catch on among the leaders of the kwans. During this time Taekwondo was adopted for use by the South Korean military, which increased its popularity among civilian martial arts schools. In 1959 the Korea Taekwondo Association was established to facilitate the unification of Korean martial arts. General Choi, of the Oh Do Kwan, wanted all the other member kwans of the KTA to adopt his own Chan Hon-style of Taekwondo, as a unified style; this was, met with resistance as the other kwans instead wanted a unified style to be created based on inputs from all the kwans, to serve as a way to bring on the heritage and characteristics of all of the styles, not just the style of a single kwan.

As a response to this, along with disagreements about teaching Taekwondo in North Korea and unifying the whole Korean Peninsula, Choi broke with the KTA in 1966, in order to establish the International Taekwon-Do Federation — a separate governing body devoted to institutionalizing his own style of Taekwondo in Canada. The South Korean president, having close ties to General Choi, gave General Choi's ITF limited support. However, the South Korean government wished to avoid North Korean influence on the martial art. Conversely, ITF president Choi Hong Hi sought support for his style of Taekwondo from all quarters, including North Korea. In response, in 1972 South Korea withdrew its support for the ITF; the ITF continued to function as an independent federation headquartered in Toronto, Canada. After Choi's retirement, the ITF split in 2001 and again in 2002 to create three separate federations each of which continues to operate today under the same name. In 1972 the KTA and the South Korean government's Ministry of Culture and Tourism established the Kukkiwon as the new national academy for Taekwondo.

Kukkiwon now serves many of the functions served by the KTA, in terms of defining a government-sponsored unified style of Taekwondo. In 1973 the KTA and Kukkiwon supported the establishment of the World Taekwondo Federation to promote the sportive side of Kukki-Taekwondo. WT competitions employ Kukkiwon-style Taekwondo. For this reason, Kukkiwon-style Taekwondo is referred to as WT-style Taekwondo, sport-style Taekwondo, or Olympic-style Taekwondo, though in reality the style is defined by the Kukkiwon, not the WT. Since 2000, Taekwondo has been one of only two Asian martial arts that are included in the Olympic Games, it started as a demonstration event at the 1988 games in Seoul, a year after becoming a medal event at the Pan Am Games, became an official medal event at the 2000 games in Sydney. In 2010, Taekwondo was accepted as a Commonwealth Games sport. Taekwondo is char

Parkridge, Saskatoon

Parkridge is a residential community in western Saskatoon, located on land annexed by the city between 1975 and 1979. Development of the subdivision (initially called "Fairhaven II" after the neighbouring community to the east, began in the early 1980s; the extreme west end of the neighbourhood remained undeveloped until the subsequent creation of the adjacent Blairmore Suburban Centre led to the final phase of Parkridge being built out in the early 2010s. Whereas the majority of residents are employed in the sales and service sector, the next highest employer is business and administration; the two main age groups are those in their 40s and teenagers as of 2005. Until Parkridge was the farthest western neighbourhood of Saskatoon south of 22nd Street. However, new construction will soon see Neighbourhood 2 of the Blairmore SDA bear that claim to fame. In comparison, the neighbourhood of Parkridge with a 2001 census population of 4,505 is larger than the Saskatchewan city of Melville which had a population of 4,149 in 2006, 4,453 in 2001 and Parkridge is a little smaller than the provincial city of Humboldt, 4,998 in 2006, 5,161 in 2001.

In Saskatchewan rural towns must maintain a population above 5,000 to apply for city status. According to MLS data, the average sale price of a home as of 2013 was $327,072; the roadways are to the most part named after those people who contributed to the City of Saskatoon. James L. Alexander School - public elementary, part of the Saskatoon Public School Division St. Marguerite School - separate elementary, part of Greater Saskatoon Catholic SchoolsTwo high schools, Tommy Douglas Collegiate and Bethlehem Catholic High School, are located in the nearby Blairmore Suburban Centre. Parkridge Park 19.45 acres James Girgulis Park 18.04 acres Parkridge is serviced by two Saskatoon Transit routes: Route #9 services the neighbourhood boundary on Fairlight Drive while Route #5 goes west on McCormack Road. Parkridge exists within the federal electoral district of Saskatoon West, it is represented by Brad Redekopp of the Conservative Party of Canada, first elected in 2019. Provincially, the area is within the constituency of Saskatoon Fairview.

It is represented by Vicki Mowat of the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party, first elected in a 2017 by-election. In Saskatoon's non-partisan municipal politics, Parkridge lies within ward 3, it is represented by Ann Iwanchuk, first elected in 2011. Parkridge goes no further west than Highway 7. 22nd Street is the northern most limit for this neighbourhood. CPR rail line is as far south. Fairlight Drive creates a curved eastern boundary; the neighbourhood is of uneven shape, though there are main thoroughfares west and north, the community nestles around Parkridge Park with courts and crescents. Parkridge Park is centrally located with James L. Alexander School at the north end, St. Marguerite School at the south end of the park; the community's main access road, McCormack Road, winds through the district. In 2009, the city honored a request to convert the Kinloch development from a crescent to two cul-de-sac streets; the neighbouring subdivision of Fairhaven hosts a few neighbourhood convenience stores, a strip mall alongside Confederation Inn.

Major commercial development, including hotels and big-box retail, is available in the Blairmore Suburban Centre to the immediate northwest. Additional commercial services are to the northeast in the Confederation Suburban Centre. Confederation Mall is the closest enclosed shopping centre; the Shaw Centre recreation facility is located to the north of Parkridge in the Blairmore Suburban Centre. Parkridge Centre is a long-term care facility for 240 residents who vary in age from pre-school to elderly. Local Area Planning Saskatoon Neighbourhoods Word Search Puzzle City of Saskatoon City of Saskatoon · Departments · Community Services · City Planning · ZAM Maps Populace Spring 2006

Georges Dossin

Georges Gilles Joseph Dossin was a Belgian archaeologist and art historian. He studied in Liège and Paris, earning doctorates in classical philology and oriental history and literature. From 1924 to 1945 he taught classes on the art history of Asia Minor at the Institut Royal d'Histoire de l'Art et d'Archeologie de Bruxelles, in the meantime, taught various courses in the fields of art history and archaeology at the University of Liège. After World War II, he continued work as a lecturer at the Institut des Hautes Études de Belgique and at the Université libre de Bruxelles serving as a professor of Assyriology and comparative grammar of Semitic languages at the University of Liège. Under the directorship of François Thureau-Dangin, he performed excavatory work at Arslan Tash and Til-Barsip in northern Syria, on, spent a number years working with André Parrot at the excavation site of Mari. Dossin is credited with deciphering thousands of ancient tablets, he was a member of the Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique and a membre correspondant étranger of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres.

With Thureau-Dangin, he was co-founder of the Rencontres Assyriologiques. Autres textes sumériens et 1927 -- Other Sumerian and Akkadian texts. Arslan-Tash, 1931. Lettres de la première 1933 -- Letters on the First Babylonian Dynasty. Til-Barsib, 1936. Benjaminites dans les textes de Mari, 1939 – Benjamites in the texts from Mari. Archives royales de Mari, 1946 – Royal archives of Mari