Ismaël Ferroukhi is a French-Moroccan film director and screenwriter. Ferroukhi was born in Kenitra, he gained exposure with his 1992 short film L'Exposé, which won the Kodak Prize at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival. Following, Ferroukhi co-wrote the Cédric Kahn film Trop de bonheur, his directorial debut Le Grand Voyage, produced by Humbert Balsan and Ognon Pictures, won the Lion of the Future "Luigi De Laurentiis" Award for a First Feature Film at the 61st Venice Film Festival in 2004. L'Exposé Le Grand Voyage Le Grand Voyage Le Grand Voyage Le Grand Voyage Ismaël Ferroukhi on IMDb
Asghar Farhadi is an Iranian film director and screenwriter. Among other awards, he has received two Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film for his films A Separation and The Salesman, making him one of the few directors worldwide who have won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film twice, alongside such noted directors as Akira Kurosawa and René Clément. In 2012, Farhadi was included on the annual Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world. Farhadi was born in Homayoun Shahr, a city located in the Isfahan province near the city of Isfahan which, soon after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, was renamed to Khomeini Shahr after Ayatollah Khomeini, he is a graduate of theatre, with a BA in Dramatic Arts and MA in Stage Direction from University of Tehran and Tarbiat Modares University, respectively. At the start of his career, Farhadi made numerous short 8mm and 16mm films in the Isfahan branch of the Iranian Young Cinema Society, before moving on to writing plays and screenplays for IRIB.
He directed such TV series as A Tale of a City and co-wrote the screenplay for Ebrahim Hatamikia's Low Heights. Dancing in the Dust was his feature film debut in 2003, which he followed with The Beautiful City, released in 2004, his third film, Fireworks Wednesday, won the Gold Hugo at the 2006 Chicago International Film Festival. His fourth film, About Elly, won him the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 59th International Berlin Film Festival and Best Picture at the Tribeca Film Festival; the latter film is about a group of Iranians who take a trip to the Iranian beaches of Caspian Sea that turns tragic. Film theorist and critic David Bordwell has called About Elly a masterpiece, his film A Separation premiered on 9 February 2011 at the 29th Fajr International Film Festival in Tehran and received critical acclaim from the Iran Society of Film Critics. It earned Farhadi four awards including Best Director. On 15 February 2011, it played in competition at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival, which received a Golden Bear for best film, becoming the first Iranian film to win that award.
In June 2011, A Separation won the Sydney Film Prize in competition with Cannes Festival's winner The Tree of Life, directed by Terrence Malick. It won the Best Film award at the 2011 Asia Pacific Screen Awards. On 19 December 2011, Farhadi was announced as being a jury member for the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival, held in February 2012. On 15 January 2012, A Separation won the Golden Globe for the Best Foreign Language Film; the film was the official Iranian submission for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 2012 Academy Awards where, in addition to being nominated in this category, it was nominated in the Best Original Screenplay category. On 26 February 2012, A Separation became the first Iranian movie to win a Best Foreign Language Film Oscar, at the 84th edition of the Academy Awards; this marked Farhadi as the first Iranian to have won an Academy Award in any of the competitive categories. He was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in June 2012, along with 175 other members.
A Separation won the César Award for Best Foreign Film and the Independent Spirit Award for Best International Film in 2012. His 2013 film The Past, starring Bérénice Bejo and Tahar Rahim, competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. Bejo won the Best Actress Award at Cannes for her performance in the film, his 2016 film The Salesman, starring Shahab Hosseini and Taraneh Alidoosti, competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival. The Salesman won two Awards: Best Actor for Best Screenplay for Farhadi. On 26 February 2017, Farhadi won his second Oscar for Best Foreign Film for The Salesman at the 89th Academy Awards; the Salesman had won the award for the Best Screenplay at the Cannes Film Festival. Following Donald Trump's executive order barring Iranians from entering the country, Farhadi said he would not attend the 2017 Academy Awards, despite being nominated, winning, for the best foreign-language film, he announced that two prominent Iranian Americans, Anousheh Ansari and Firouz Naderi would represent him in the ceremony.
Anousheh Ansari is famed for being the first female space tourist and first Iranian in space, Naderi as director of Solar Systems Exploration at NASA. A few hours before the ceremony, he addressed a group of protesters in London via a video link from Iran; the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, screened the movie publicly in Trafalgar Square as a celebration of the city's diversity. "This solidarity is off to a great start," he told them. "I hope this movement will continue and spread, for it has within itself the power to stand up to fascism, be victorious in the face of extremism and say no to oppressive political powers everywhere."After winning the Academy Award for the second time, Farhadi had a prepared statement read by Anousheh Ansari. "I'm sorry I'm not with you tonight," Farhadi's statement read. "My absence is out of respect for the people of my country and those of the other six nations who have been disrespected by the inhumane law that bans entry of immigrants to the U. S. Dividing the world into the us and our enemies categories creates fear, a deceitful justification for aggression and war.
These wars prevent democracy and human rights in countries which themselves have been victims of aggression. Filmmakers can turn their cameras to capture shared human qualities and break stereotypes of various nationalities and religions, they create empathy between us and others -- an empathy that we need today more than ever." Prior to the ceremony, all five directors nomina
Spring Fever (2009 film)
Spring Fever is a 2009 Chinese/French film directed by Lou Ye. The production of the film is in defiance of a five-year ban on filmmaking imposed by China's State Administration of Radio and Television for his previous film, Summer Palace. Filmed in Nanjing, the film was described to be about a young threesome overcome with erotic longings. By the time of the film's premiere at the Cannes Festival on 13 May 2009, it was known that Lou had circumvented the five-year ban imposed upon him after Summer Palace by having Spring Fever registered as a Hong Kong/French co-production; the story begins in Nanjing. Suspecting that her husband Wang Ping is cheating on her, Lin Xue hires an unemployed photographer named Luo Haitao to follow him. Indeed, Wang is having a steamy affair with a gay man. Lin confronts storms into Jiang's office to make a scene. Jiang cuts off all contact with Wang, he hooks up and has sex with Luo. Luo has a girlfriend, Li Jing, who loves him. Wang commits suicide. Meanwhile, Li's factory is shut down by the police.
As her boss has been good to her, Li helps to secure his release from detention, but comes to the realization he just wants to get into her pants. Jiang is devastated after hearing Wang's suicide, he plans to go to Suqian with Luo for some materials. However, Li discovers their relationship, she is upset but, as she loves Luo, decides to "share" him with Jiang. On their way back to Nanjing, it becomes clear. Li leaves first, Luo and Jiang break up with some tears shed. Jiang is ambushed by a vengeful Lin and killed, he begins a relationship with another gay man. Qin Hao as Jiang Cheng Chen Sicheng as Luo Haitao Tan Zhuo as Li Jing Wu Wei as Wang Ping Jiang Jiaqi as Lin Xue Huang Xuan In April 2009, it was announced that Spring Fever was to be shown in competition at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. Little else was known about the film at the time, except that Lou was in the process of editing the film in Paris. Like Summer Palace, Spring Fever was to be screened without government approval. An early review by industry watcher Variety, following Spring Fever's premiere in the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, was critical of the film's "overlong" running-length of 116 minutes, its overly "Euro tastes," when compared with Lou's breakout film Suzhou River.
The film won the award for Best Screenplay at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival for its writer Mei Feng. Official website Spring Fever at AllMovie Spring Fever at Box Office Mojo Spring Fever at Cannes Film Festival Spring Fever at the Chinese Movie Database Spring Fever on IMDb Spring Fever at Metacritic Spring Fever at Rotten Tomatoes
Jacques Audiard is a French film director and screenwriter. He is the son of Michel Audiard a film director and screenwriter, he has won both the César Award for Best Film and the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language twice, in 2005 for The Beat That My Heart Skipped and in 2010 for A Prophet, as well as winning the Grand Prix at the Cannes Film Festival. His 2012 film Rust and Bone, competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language, for a Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film and won the BFI London Film Festival Award for Best Film, his 2015 film Dheepan won the Palme d'Or at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. Audiard was born in Paris, he began his screenwriting career in the 1980s with films including Réveillon chez Bob! and Mortelle randonnée, Baxter, Fréquence Meurtre and Saxo. In 1994 he directed Regarde les Hommes Tomber, a road movie starring Mathieu Kassovitz and Jean-Louis Trintignant.
The film won the César Award for the Prix Georges-Sadoul. Two years he reunited with Kassovitz and Trintignant for Un Héros Très Discret – A Self-Made Hero in English, adapted from the novel by Jean-François Deniau. In 1996 A Self Made Hero won the Best Screenplay Award at Cannes and received six César Awards nominations. In 2002 Read My Lips was nominated for nine Césars and won three, for Best Actress, Best Screenplay and Best Sound, his fourth movie, De Battre Mon Cœur s'est Arrêté, received 10 nominations at the Césars and won eight, among them the Césars for Best Film, Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Film Music and Best Cinematography. In 2009, A Prophet won the Grand Prix at Cannes and the BAFTA award for Best Film Not in the English Language, was nominated for 13 César Awards, winning nine: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor and Most Promising Actor for Tahar Rahim, Best Supporting Actor for Niels Arestrup, Best Original Screenplay, Best Cinematography, Best Editing and Best Production Design.
In 2013, Rust and Bone received two BAFTA nominations, two Golden Globe nominations and nine César nominations, winning four: Best Adapted Screenplay, Most Promising Actor for Matthias Schoenaerts, Best Original Music for Alexandre Desplat and Best Editing for Juliette Welfling. In 2015, his seventh movie, Dheepan won the Palme d'Or at Cannes and received nine César nominations, he has released some music videos, among them Comme Elle Vient by Noir Désir in which all the actors were deaf-mute and interpreted the lyrics of the song in sign language. The beginning of the feature created a minor scandal. On September 2, 2018, his first American film The Sisters Brothers had its world premiere at the Venice Film Festival. Stockholm International Film Festival - Stockholm Visionary Award Valladolid International Film Festival - Espiga de Honor Jacques Audiard on IMDb Clipography Jacques Audiard Interview
Inside (2007 film)
Inside is a 2007 French home invasion horror film directed by Julien Maury and Alexandre Bustillo and starring Alysson Paradis and Béatrice Dalle. It was written by co-director Bustillo, is the first feature film from either director, it concerns the attack and home invasion of a young pregnant woman by a mysterious stranger who seeks to take her unborn baby. The film received positive reviews from mainstream critics upon its release and was well received among horror film critics, noting it for being a genuinely scary and brutally violent example of the new wave of French horror. A baby in utero is seen, with the mother's voice heard soothing it; the baby recoils. Expectant mother Sarah has been in a car accident, her husband has been killed. Months on Christmas Eve, Sarah is making final preparations for her delivery the following day. Still reeling from her husband's death, Sarah is now depressed; that evening, a mysterious woman arrives at Sarah's door, asking to use the telephone to call for help.
Sarah lies that her husband is sleeping and she does not want to be disturbed, but the woman tells her that she knows that he is dead. When the visitor persists on coming in, Sarah, a professional photographer, attempts to take her photo through a window and telephones the police; when they arrive, the woman has vanished. The police assure Sarah that she will be fine, but arrange to have a patrol car visit throughout the night. Upon developing her photos, Sarah recognizes the woman in the background of an earlier photo she had taken, indicating she was stalking Sarah. Sarah telephones her employer; as she goes to bed, the woman arrives in the bedroom, awakening Sarah with scissors puncturing her pregnant belly. Sarah locks herself in the bathroom, where the woman tries to gain entry; the woman makes clear. Sarah's employer arrives, not knowing what Sarah's mother looks like, takes the strange woman's word that she is the mother, her actual mother arrives, arousing the employer's suspicion. Believing her to be the attacker, Sarah accidentally kills her mother by stabbing a needle into her mother's neck.
Her employer is stabbed to death by the mysterious woman. The police arrive to check up. Not knowing what Sarah looks like, the police take the mysterious woman's word that she is Sarah and everything is fine. Just as they are about to leave, the police realize the woman who answered the door was not pregnant, they enter the home but are all brutally murdered by the attacker. The first is stabbed to death with knitting needles; the second is shot in the back of the head. The third, along with his prisoner, is killed. A final confrontation ensues between Sarah and the woman, with both of them injuring each other via various household appliances. Sarah manages to gain the upper hand on her attacker and burns off half the woman's face with an aerosol container and cigarette; the woman flees, upon being cornered by Sarah, reveals her identity: she was the other driver in Sarah's car accident and, being pregnant at the time, had lost her child. The two are interrupted by the revival of one of the police officers.
In his current state of mind, he confuses Sarah with her attacker and brutally beats her in the stomach with his club. The woman comes to Sarah's aid and kills the officer. Desperate to save the child, the woman proceeds to perform the impromptu Caesarean section on Sarah with her scissors as she planned. With Sarah lying dead on the stairs, drenched in blood, the woman, having been successful with her delivery, sits on a rocking chair and comforts the newborn child. Béatrice Dalle as La Femme Alysson Paradis as Sarah Scarangelo Nathalie Roussel as Louise Scarangelo, Sarah's mother François-Régis Marchasson as Jean-Pierre Montalban Jean-Baptiste Tabourin as Matthieu Dominique Frot as The Nurse Claude Lulé as The Doctor Hyam Zaytoun as Policewoman Tahar Rahim as Policeman #1 Emmanuel Guez as Policeman #2 Ludovic Berthillot as BAC Policeman #1 Emmanuel Lanzi as BAC Policeman #2 Nicolas Duvauchelle as BAC Policeman #3 Aymen Saïdi as Abdel Julien Maury and Alexandre Bustillo met each other through a mutual friend.
After the meeting, Bustillo sent Maury a first draft of the script and Maury sent over some short films that he had worked on in the past. According to Maury, "The first idea with the story was to change the sex of the killer. In horror movies it’s always a guy chasing after young girls. So the first main idea was changing the identity of the bad guy. We wondered what was the motivation for a woman to hunt another woman?" The film was given a budget of 1.7 million Euros. Inside received positive reviews. Rotten Tomatoes reported. Bloody Disgusting ranked the film twelfth in their list of the'Top 20 Horror Films of the Decade', with the article saying "One of the most audacious, unrelenting horror films made, Inside is the crown jewel of the new wave of extreme French horror films." Inside was released on 13 June 2007 in France. Hollywood has shown interest in remaking the film. Jaume Balagueró, the director of REC, told Fangoria that he may be directing the
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
Cyril Mennegun is a French film director and screenwriter. His film Louise Wimmer received the César Award for Best First Feature Film in 2013. Cyril Mennegun on IMDb