Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System
The Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System is a system adopted by the Transport Department of the Hong Kong Government to organise the major roads in the territory into Routes 1 to 10 for the convenience of drivers. When the system was first implemented in 2004, the government launched a major campaign to promote it to the public. One of the slogans was "Remember the Numbers; the system comprises nine major series of roads in Hong Kong, numbered Routes 1 to 5 and 7 to 10, which can be classified into three categories: the three north-south routes, the five east-west routes and the New Territories Circular Road. The route numbers are represented as black on yellow "road-shields" on overhead roadsigns; the entirety of the system offers some level of limited access, with a significant portion being expressway. The system implements exit numbering with the exits of each route are numbered sequentially. Exit numbers are indicated by white in black rectangular boxes on roadside signs. There are no traffic lights on the expressways.
Traffic interchange with other roads is via slip roads, maximising vehicular flow and land space usage. There are some stack interchanges; the Strategic Route System has traffic lights on only a few roads, such as Waterloo Road and Kwun Tong Road. The road surface is asphalt; the lanes are separated by white dashed lines, while unbroken white lines are used to mark the edges of the median and shoulder. The shoulder is reserved for stops due to breakdowns and emergencies, motorists are prohibited by law from travelling on it. Lanes are numbered from right with lane 1 being the closest to the median. Crash barriers, cat's eyes and rumble strips are used to ensure road safety. Signs mark the end of an expressway at its entry and exit points respectively; these expressways do not have rest areas. The speed limits for most vehicles on the Hong Kong highways are 110 km/h for North Lantau Expressway, 100 km/h for the New Territories roads and West Kowloon Highway, 80 km/h for the most expressways and 70 km/h, due to the older ones such as Island Eastern Corridor, East Kowloon Corridor, West Kowloon Corridor and Tsuen Wan Road.
A speeding offence less than 10 km/h over the speed limit is not enforced - many drivers in Hong Kong travel within this range. Cameras will shoot when it is with their fines imposed; as stipulated by the Laws of Hong Kong Cap 374 s 40 and, medium goods vehicles, heavy goods vehicles and buses or any vehicle driven by a driver with a probationary driving licence shall travel no faster than the speed limit of the road or 70 km/h, whichever is slower. Many vehicles of these types ignore this and follow the speed limit of the road on the Hong Kong highways, thereby committing speeding offence. However, this law is not enforced - cameras are not tuned to be triggered differently by these types of vehicle; the three north-south routes are Route 1, Route 2, Route 3. They connect Hong Kong Island, metro Kowloon and the New Territories via a series of flyovers and tunnels, they pass through the three tunnels crossing Victoria Harbour, their sequence of numbering follows the order of opening dates of the three tunnels: Route 1: Cross-Harbour Tunnel Route 2: Eastern Harbour Tunnel Route 3: Western Harbour Crossing The five east-west routes — Route 4, Route 5, Route 7, Route 8 and Route 10 — are numbered from south to north.
The pattern indicates that Route 6 will most be built between Routes 5 and 7. Route 4 runs along the north shore of Hong Kong Island, connecting the eastern and western ends of the island, whereas Routes 5 and 7 link southern New Territories with parts of Kowloon. Route 8 provides direct access to Chek Lap Kok Airport, was extended to Sha Tin in 2008. Route 10 provides access to the border crossing at Shenzhen. Route 4: Routes 7 and 8 Route 5: Tsuen Wan - Ngau Tau Kok section of Route 2 Route 7: Route 4 Route 8: Route 9 Route 10 The circular route, Route 9, circumscribes the New Territories, with the exit at the Shing Mun Tunnels in Sha Tin as the starting point of exit-numbering, it links up the network of expressways and trunk roads in the New Territories into a large ring. Route 9: Route 5 + Fo Tan - Lok Ma Chau section of Route 1 + Tsuen Wan - Lok Ma Chau section of Route 2 In parallel with route numbering, the junctions between routes and exits from routes are labelled with exit numbers.
On every route, exits are numbered from one end to the other with ascending consecutive integers with a mixture of alphabet-suffixed labels. The first generation of the route number system in Hong Kong was envisaged in the 1968 Hong Kong Long Term Road Study by Freeman, Wilbur Smith & Associates, in which trunk routes were given single-digit numbers, distributors with double-digit ones. Included in the road study was an unnumbered Western Harbour Crossing, which in the plan involved a bridge crossing the Victoria Harbour between Cherry Street in Mong Kok and Kennedy Town, by way of Stonecutters Island and Green Island. Numbered routes included in the study were: 1: Aberdeen to Fanling, via Aberdeen Tunnel, Cross Harbour Tunnel, Lion Rock Tunnel
Castle Peak Road
Castle Peak Road is the longest road in Hong Kong. Completed in 1933, it runs from Tai Po Road in Sham Shui Po, Kowloon to the north of the New Territories, serving south and north New Territories, being one of the most distant roads in early Hong Kong; the road was named after a peak in the western New Territories. The area to the east of the peak was hence named Castle Peak. At the dawn of the development of new town, the area was renamed to its old name, Tuen Mun; the road was known in Chinese as Tsing Shan To for its entire length. The Chinese name of the section of the road in the New Territories was changed to Tsing Shan Kung Lo Lit. "Castle Peak public road" or "Castle Peak Highway". In everyday conversation, the term Tsing Shan To survives for the stretches within Tsuen Wan and Yuen Long; the road starts east at Tai Po Road in Sham Shui Po and passes through Cheung Sha Wan and Lai Chi Kok in Kowloon. On both sides of the road are old residential blocks, with some dated back to pre-World War II.
Towards Lai Chi Kok, it is surrounded by industrial buildings instead. The road is its terminus at Tai Po Road. After leaving Kowloon, it goes uphill past Kau Wa Keng and Tai Ching Cheung along a four-lane expressway to Kwai Chung and downhill into Tsuen Wan; the stretch within Tsuen Wan is commonly called the Main Thoroughfare among the older generations. Next, it goes along the south shore of the Western New Territories, via Yau Kom Tau, Ting Kau, Sham Tseng, Tsing Lung Tau, Tai Lam, Siu Lam and So Kwun Wat and reaches the Tuen Mun New Town, known as Castle Peak. Much of this stretch was bypassed by Tuen Mun Road between 1977 and 1983, it continues north-east as a six-laned road, paralleling the Light Rail through Lam Tei, Hung Shui Kiu, Ping Shan and goes through another new town, Yuen Long New Town. The section within Yuen Long, again, is called 大馬路; this section was bypassed by the Yuen Long Highway in 1992. It turns north at Au Tau, just west of Kam Tin; this section is overshadowed by the San Tin Highway, constructed between 1991 & 1993.
It passes through Mai Po, San Tin, Lok Ma Chau, Pak Shek Au and Kwu Tung before terminating at Fan Kam Road in Sheung Shui. Hoh Fuk Tong Centre List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Google Maps of Castle Peak Road
The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula. It makes up 86.2% of Hong Kong's territory, contains around half of the population of Hong Kong. It is the region described in the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory. According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River, as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong. After New Kowloon was defined from the area between the Boundary Street and the Kowloon Ranges spanned from Lai Chi Kok to Lei Yue Mun, the extension of the urban areas of Kowloon, New Kowloon was urbanised and absorbed into Kowloon; the New Territories now comprises only the mainland north of the Kowloon Ranges and south of the Sham Chun River, as well as the Outlying Islands. It comprises an area of 952 km2. New Kowloon has remained statutorily part of the New Territories instead of Kowloon.
The New Territories were leased from Qing China to the United Kingdom in 1898 for 99 years in the Second Convention of Peking. Upon the expiry of the lease, sovereignty was transferred to the People's Republic of China in 1997, together with the Qing-ceded territories of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula. In 2011, the population of the New Territories was recorded at 3,691,093. With a population density of 3,801 per square kilometer. Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860; the colony of Hong Kong attracted a large number of Chinese and Westerners to seek their fortune in the city. Its population increased and the city became overcrowded; the outbreak of bubonic plague in 1894 became a concern to the Hong Kong Government. There was a need to expand the colony to accommodate its growing population; the Qing Dynasty's defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War had shown that it was incapable of defending itself. Victoria City and Victoria Harbour were vulnerable to any hostile forces launching attacks from the hills of Kowloon.
Alarmed by the encroachment of other European powers in China, Britain feared for the security of Hong Kong. Using the most favoured nation clause that it had negotiated with Peking, the United Kingdom demanded the extension of Kowloon to counter the influence of France in southern China in June 1898. In July, it secured Weihaiwei in Shandong in the north as a base for operations against the Germans in Qingdao and the Russians in Port Arthur. Chinese officials stayed in the walled cities of Kowloon Weihaiwei; the extension of Kowloon was called the New Territories. The additional land was estimated to be 365 square miles or 12 times the size of the existing Colonial Hong Kong at the time. Although the Convention was signed on the 9 June 1898 and became effective on 1 July, the British did not take over the New Territories immediately. During this period, there was no Hong Kong Wilsone Black acted as administrator. James Stewart Lockhart, the Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong, was sent back from England to make a survey of New Territories before formal transfer.
The survey found that the new frontier at Sham Chun River suggested by Wilsone Black was far from ideal. It excluded the town of Shenzhen, the boundary would divide the town. There was no mountain range as a natural border. Lockhard suggested moving the frontier to the line of hills north of Shenzhen; this suggestion was not received favourably and the Chinese official suggested the frontier be moved to the hill much further south of the Sham Chun River. It was settled in March 1899; the new Hong Kong Governor Henry Blake arrived in November 1898. The date for the takeover of the New Territories was fixed as 17 April 1899 and Tai Po was chosen as the administrative centre; however the transfer was not peaceful. Before the handover in early April, Captain Superintendent of Police, Francis Henry May and some policemen erected a flagstaff and temporary headquarters at Tai Po and posted the Governor's proclamation of the takeover date. Fearing for their traditional land rights, in the Six-Day War of 1899, a number of clans attempted to resist the British, mobilising clan militias, organised and armed to protect against longshore raids by pirates.
The militia men attempted a frontal attack against the temporary police station in Tai Po, the main British base but were beaten back by superior force of arms. An attempt by the clansmen at guerilla warfare was put down by the British near Lam Tsuen with over 500 Chinese men killed, collapsed when British artillery was brought to bear on the walled villages of the clansmen. Most prominent of the villages in the resistance Kat Hing Wai, of the Tang clan, was symbolically disarmed, by having its main gates dismounted and removed. However, in order to prevent future resistance the British made concessions to the indigenous inhabitants with regards to land use, land inheritance and marriage laws; some of the concessions with regard to land use and inheritance remain in place in Hong Kong to this day and is a source of friction between indigenous inhabitants and other Hong Kong residents. Lord Lugard was Governor from 1907 to 1912, he proposed the return of Weihaiwei to the Chinese government, in return for the ceding of the leased New
Tai Lam Country Park
Tai Lam Country Park, established on 23 February 1979, is a country park located in the Tai Lam, at the south of Yuen Long and east of Tuen Mun, in the western New Territories of Hong Kong. This country park has an area of 54 km². A series of barbecue and picnic sites are provided along Route Twisk, the Shek Kong, Pat Heung catchwater and the Tuen Mun catchwater. In addition, there are a lot of trails. For example, the MacLehose Trail and the Kap Lung Forest Trail start from the top of Route Twisk near the Country Park Management Centre; the Twisk Nature Trail near the Country Park Management Centre introduces the natural environment and human impacts in the area. The fitness trail at So Kwun Wat catchwater provides 14 sets of fitness equipment for visitors and morning walkers. To Route Twisk at Tai Lam Country Park - Kowloon Motor Bus No. 51 To Tai Tong at Tai Lam Country Park - K66 West Rail Line feeder bus. The terminus is at Tai Tong. To Ho Pui at Tai Lam Country Park - GMB No. 71. To Tuen Mun at Tai Lam Country Park - start the walk at Tuen Mun Hoh Fuk Tong (614 or 614P at Hoh Fuk Tong To Sham Tseng: start the walk at Tsing Lung Tau.
K51 - The bus Terminus is at Tai Lam, the south of the country park. The route passes through Tuen Mun Station and Siu Hong Station Hong Kong Country Parks & Special Areas Initial text based on information provided by the Hong Kong Agriculture and Conservation Department, under the provision that the re-dissemination or reproduction is for non-commercial use. AFCD Tai Lam
Shenzhen Bay Control Point
Shenzhen Bay Control Point is a Hong Kong immigration control point on its border with mainland China. It is housed in the same building with the Shenzhen Bay Port. Located geographically in Dongjiaotou, Shekou on the southwestern corner of the city of Shenzhen in the Guangdong Province of mainland China, the Shenzhen Bay Control Point was the first border control point to be established for co-located immigration and customs clearance; the Hong Kong portion of the building and its adjacent open area, together with the northern third of the Western Corridor Bridge, are leased to Hong Kong and made within Hong Kong's jurisdiction for an initial period until 30 June 2047. As such, Hong Kong laws apply, instead of PRC laws, it is connected to Ngau Hom Shek, Yuen Long District, New Territories, Hong Kong through the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor. It was commissioned on 1 July 2007; the co-location of immigration and customs facilities with the mainland counterpart, the Shenzhen Bay Port, allows passengers and vehicles for departure and arrival clearance to take place within a short distance.
Electricity on the Hong Kong part of the building is supplied by Hong Kong's CLP Power. It is covered by Hong Kong's mobile phone and fixed-line telephone networks; the control point is surrounded by mainland China and the closed area without being contiguously attached to another part of Hong Kong, except the bridge. Because it is a leased territory, it is part of Guangdong Province and thus not an exclave of Hong Kong. However, it is administered as a part of Hong Kong SAR and the Hong Kong Government exercises full jurisdiction within the area. Including both drivers and passengers, the Shenzhen Bay Control Point processed 41,524,479 people in 2015; this makes it the busiest road border crossing in Hong Kong. Like all other immigration control points located along the land border of Hong Kong, Shenzhen Bay Control Point lies within the Closed Area. Vehicles other than taxis require a Closed Road Permit from the Hong Kong Police Force to get in; the border is open from 6:30 am to midnight daily.
While the border closes at midnight, the Shenzhen Bay Bridge stops accepting cars after 11:30 PM. Hong Kong Fire Services Shenzhen Bay Fire Station is located at Cargo Examination Area and is the only fire station located outside of Hong Kong's borders. Juxtaposed controls - A similar arrangement between the UK, France and Belgium for rail travel
Pat Heung is an area in the middle of New Territories, Hong Kong. Located at the east of Kam Tin and north of Shek Kong, it is the exit to Sheung Fanling. Administratively, it belongs to Yuen Long District. Two historic buildings, in Pat Heung have been declared as monuments. Pat Heung comprises 30 villages; the population is estimated to be about three thousand people. Tsat Sing Kong Ha Che Sheung Tsuen Sheung Che Tai Kong Po * Tai Wo Yuen Kong Yuen Kong San Tsuen Shui Lau Tin Shui Tsan Tin Ngau Keng Ta Shek Wu Tin Sam Kap Lung Shek Wu Tong Chuk Hang Ng Ka Tsuen * Ho Pui Kam Tsin Wai Cheung Kong Tsuen Cheung Po Ma On Kong Pang Ka Tsuen * Lui Kung Tin * Lin Fa Tei Wang Toi Shan Ha San Uk Wang Toi Shan Wing Ning Lei Wang Toi Shan Ho Lik Pui Wang Toi Shan Shan Tsuen Wang Toi Shan Lo Uk Tsuen *=非原居民村 The area is where Kam Sheung Road, Kam Tin Road, Lam Kam Road, Route Twisk and Fan Kam Road join; the Kam Sheung Road Station serves the nearby Kam Tin area. List of areas of Hong Kong
Lok Ma Chau Control Point
Lok Ma Chau Control Point is an immigration control point in Lok Ma Chau, Yuen Long, New Territories, Hong Kong, on the border between Hong Kong and mainland China. It opened in 1989, it started providing 24-hour passenger clearance in January 2003, is still the only control point to do so. Its counterpart is the Huanggang Port in mainland China. Before reaching this point, vehicles must pass through police checkpoints along road to Lok Ma Chau Control Point. Permits must be carried in order to travel to the control points. Lok Ma Chau Control Point was the third road crossing built between Hong Kong and China, after Man Kam To and Shataukok, it was built as part of the New Territories Circular Road project, was intended to relieve the congested Man Kam To Control Point. Construction began in December 1985. Customs and other buildings were designed by the Architectural Services Department; the new crossing opened on 29 December 1989 only using the Eastern Bridge, providing two lanes. The Western Bridge was completed a few years adding two more lanes.
In October 1993 Governor Chris Patten announced a plan to open the crossing on a 24-hour basis. This was supported by the territory's business community, but criticised by villagers due to increased noise and dust pollution. Overnight border crossing was introduced on 4 November 1994; the control point began providing 24-hour passenger clearance from 27 January 2003. Construction of a new four-lane bridge, directly to the east of the existing two bridges, was proposed by the government in early 2003 to meet increasing traffic demand. Construction began in November 2003 and was completed in December 2004; the new bridge opened to traffic in January 2005. In 2015, Lok Ma Chau Control Point handled a total of 37 million people, making it the second-busiest road control point in Hong Kong, after Shenzhen Bay Control Point. For comparison, the nearby Lok Ma Chau Spur Line rail crossing handled 61.9 million. KMB 76K, 276B, B1, N76, N277 Yellow Bus Kwun Tong to Lok Ma Chau Tsuen Wan to Lok Ma Chau Jordan to Lok Ma Chau Wan Chai to Lok Ma Chau Mong Kok to Lok Ma Chau Kam Sheung Road Station to Lok Ma Chau NT 44B, 44B1, 75, 78, 79S, 605, 616S Kwun Tong to Lok Ma Chau NT Taxis Urban Taxis