The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at a ceremony in New York City. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre, several discretionary non-competitive awards are given, including a Special Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award. The awards are named after Antoinette Tony Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, the rules for the Tony Awards are set forth in the official document Rules and Regulations of The American Theatre Wings Tony Awards, which applies for that season only. It forms the fourth spoke in the EGOT, that is someone who has won all four awards, the Tony Awards are considered the equivalent of the Laurence Olivier Award in the United Kingdom and the Molière Award of France. From 1997 to 2010, the Tony Awards ceremony was held at Radio City Music Hall in New York City in June and broadcast live on CBS television, except in 1999, in 2011 and 2012, the ceremony was held at the Beacon Theatre.
From 2013 to 2015, the 67th, 68th, and 69th ceremonies returned to Radio City Music Hall, the 70th Tony Awards were held on June 12,2016 at the Beacon Theatre. The 71st Tony Awards will be held on June 11,2017, as of 2014, there are 24 categories of awards, plus several special awards. Starting with 11 awards in 1947, the names and number of categories have changed over the years, some examples, the category Best Book of a Musical was originally called Best Author. The category of Best Costume Design was one of the original awards, for two years, in 1960 and 1961, this category was split into Best Costume Designer and Best Costume Designer. It went to a category, but in 2005 it was divided again. For the category of Best Director of a Play, a category was for directors of plays. A newly established non-competitive award, The Isabelle Stevenson Award, was given for the first time at the ceremony in 2009. The award is for an individual who has made a contribution of volunteered time and effort on behalf of one or more humanitarian.
The category of Best Special Theatrical Event was retired as of the 2009–2010 season, the categories of Best Sound Design of a Play and Best Sound Design of a Musical were retired as of the 2014-2015 season. Performance categories Show and technical categories Special awards Retired awards The award was founded in 1947 by a committee of the American Theatre Wing headed by Brock Pemberton. The award is named after Antoinette Perry, nicknamed Tony, an actress, producer and co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, who died in 1946. As her official biography at the Tony Awards website states, At Jacob Wilks suggestion, proposed an award in her honor for distinguished stage acting, at the initial event in 1947, as he handed out an award, he called it a Tony
Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a part of the film industrys awards season. The 74th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film, the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, was held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel. In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish an honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as a figure within the entertainment industry. The official name of the award became the Cecil B. In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced, in its inaugural year, two Miss Golden Globes were named, one for film and one for television.
The two Miss Golden Globes named that year were Eva Six and Donna Douglas, respectively, in 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned. It was unveiled at a conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to 167 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars, gervais returned to host the 68th and 69th Golden Globe Awards the next two years. Tina Fey and Amy Poehler hosted the 70th, 71st and 72nd Golden Globe Awards in 2015, the Golden Globe Awards theme song, which debuted in 2012, was written by Japanese musician and songwriter Yoshiki Hayashi. On January 7,2008, it was announced due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast. In acting categories, Meryl Streep holds the record for the most competitive Golden Globe wins with eight, including honorary awards, such as the Henrietta Award, World Film Favorite Actor/Actress Award, or Cecil B.
DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand leads with nine, Streisand won for composing the song Evergreen, producing the Best Picture, and directing Yentl in 1984. Jack Nicholson, Angela Lansbury, Alan Alda and Shirley MacLaine have six awards each, behind them are Rosalind Russell and Jessica Lange with five wins. Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations with thirty, at the 46th Golden Globe Awards an anomaly occurred, a three way-tie for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama
Judy Holliday was an American actress and singer. She began her career as part of an act before working in Broadway plays. She appeared regularly in films during the 1950s and she was noted for her performance on Broadway in the musical Bells Are Ringing, winning a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical and reprising her role in the 1960 film. In 1952, Holliday was called to testify before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to answer claims she was associated with communism. Holliday was born Judith Tuvim in New York City, she was the child of Abe Tuvim and Helen Tuvim. Her father was the Executive Director of the Foundation for the Jewish National Fund of America and she grew up in Sunnyside, New York, and graduated from Julia Richman High School. Hollidays first job was as an assistant switchboard operator at the Mercury Theatre run by Orson Welles, Holliday began her show business career in 1938 as part of a night-club act called The Revuers. The other members of the group were Betty Comden, Adolph Green, Alvin Hammer, John Frank, the Revuers played engagements at various New York night clubs including the Village Vanguard, Spivys Roof, Blue Angel, Rainbow Room, and Trocadero in Hollywood, California.
The group disbanded in early 1944, in 1944, she played a small, but noticeable role as an airmans wife in the Twentieth Century Fox film version of the U. S. Army Air Forces hit play Winged Victory. She did not appear in the version, which toured the U. S. both before and after production of the film. Holliday made her Broadway debut on March 20,1945 at the Belasco Theatre in Kiss Them for Me and was one of the recipients that year of the Clarence Derwent Award, in 1946, she returned to Broadway as the scatterbrained Billie Dawn in Born Yesterday. Author Garson Kanin wrote the play for Jean Arthur, who played the role of Billie out-of-town, Kanin selected Holliday, two decades Arthurs junior, as her replacement. In his book Tracy and Hepburn, Kanin mentions that when Columbia bought the rights to the film Born Yesterday, along with George Cukor, Spencer Tracy, and Katharine Hepburn conspired to promote Holliday by offering her a key part in the 1949 film Adams Rib. She received rave reviews for her performance in Born Yesterday on Broadway, and Cohn offered her the chance to repeat her role for the film version, but only after she did a screen test.
In 1954, she starred opposite then-newcomer Jack Lemmon in his first two films, the popular comedies It Should Happen to You and Phffft. George Cukor said Holliday had, In common with the great comedians. that depth of emotion, that unexpectedly touching emotion, in 1950, Holliday was the subject of an FBI investigation looking into allegations she was a Communist. The investigation did not reveal positive evidence of any membership in the Communist Party and was concluded after three months, unlike many others tainted by the Communist investigation. In 1952, she was called to testify before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to explain why her name had been linked to Communist front organizations and she was advised to play dumb, which she did very well
Les Girls, known as Cole Porters Les Girls, is a 1957 musical comedy film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. It stars Gene Kelly, Kay Kendall, Mitzi Gaynor and Taina Elg with Jacques Bergerac, Leslie Phillips, Henry Daniell, after writing a tell-all book about her days in the dance troupe Barry Nichols and Les Girls, Sybil Wren is sued for libeling her fellow dancer Angele. Finally, Barry gives his side of the story, outward Philip Tonge - Associate Judge Barrie Chase - Dancer The story by Vera Caspary was inspired by an article which appeared in The Atlantic — a reminiscence of a dancers touring years. Miss Casparys version turned the memoir into a point of dispute, Les Girls was the last film score by Cole Porter and the next-to-last score of his career. The films original female leads were to have played by Leslie Caron, Cyd Charisse, Jean Simmons. Les Girls won the Academy Award for Best Costume Design for Orry-Kelly and was nominated for two awards, Best Art Direction and Best Sound. The film won the Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture - Musical/Comedy and for Best Actress, Kay Kendall and Taina Elg together.
According to MGM records the film made $2,415,000 in the US and Canada and $1,450,000 elsewhere, but because of its high production cost lost $1,635,000. Les Girls was a vehicle for choreographer Jack Cole. List of American films of 1957 Les Girls at the Internet Movie Database Les Girls at AllMovie
Turku is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland. Turku, as a town, was settled during the 13th century and founded most likely at the end of the 13th century and it quickly became the most important city in Finland, a status it retained for hundreds of years. Because of its history, it has been the site of many important events. Along with Tallinn, the city of Estonia, Turku was designated the European Capital of Culture for 2011. In 1996, it was declared the official Christmas City of Finland, due to its location, Turku is a notable commercial and passenger seaport with over three million passengers traveling through the Port of Turku each year to Stockholm and Mariehamn. As of 31 December 2016, the population of Turku was 187,564, there were 318,168 inhabitants living in the Turku sub-region, ranking it as the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region. The city is bilingual as 5.2 percent of its population identify Swedish as a mother-tongue.
The Finnish name Turku originates from an Old East Slavic word, tǔrgǔ, the word turku still means market place in some idioms in Finnish. The Swedish word for market place is torg, and was borrowed from Old East Slavic. The Swedish name Åbo may be a combination of å. As this pattern does not appear in any other Swedish place names in Finland, one theory is that it comes from Aabo, the Finnish rendition of the Russian Avram, which could be the origin of the name of the river Aura. There is however an old legal term called åborätt, which gave citizens the right to live at land owned by the crown. In Finnish, the genitive of Turku is Turun, meaning of Turku, the Finnish names of organizations and institutes of Turku often begin with this word, as in Turun yliopisto for the University of Turku. Turku has a history as Finlands largest city and occasionally as the administrative center of the country. The citys identity stems from its status as the oldest city in Finland, the word Finland referred only to the area around Turku.
Although archaeological findings in the date back to the Stone Age. The Cathedral of Turku was consecrated in 1300, during the Middle Ages, Turku was the seat of the Bishop of Turku, covering the eastern half of the Kingdom of Sweden until the 17th century. Even if Turku had no official status, both the short-lived institutions of Dukes and Governors-General of Finland usually had their Finnish residences there
Guiding Light was created by Irna Phillips, and began as an NBC Radio serial on January 25,1937. On June 2,1947, the series was transferred to CBS Radio, before starting on June 30,1952 and it continued to be broadcast concomitantly on radio until June 29,1956. The series was expanded from 15 minutes to a half-hour during 1968, the series broadcast its 15, 000th CBS episode on September 6,2006. On April 1,2009, it was announced that CBS had canceled Guiding Light after a 72-year run due to low ratings. The show taped its final Procter & Gamble scenes for CBS on August 11,2009, on October 5,2009, CBS replaced Guiding Light with an hour-long revival of Lets Make a Deal, hosted by Wayne Brady. Guiding Light has had a number of plot sequences during the long history. These plot sequences include complex storylines, and different writers and casting, the series was created by Irna Phillips, who based it on personal experiences. These sermons originated the idea of the creation of The Guiding Light, the original radio series was first broadcast as 15-minute episodes on NBC Radio, starting on January 25,1937.
The series was transferred to CBS Radio during 1947, the Guiding Light was broadcast first by CBS Television on June 30,1952. With the transition to television, the characters became the Bauers. These episodes were 15 minutes long, during the period from 1952 to 1956, The Guiding Light existed as both a radio and television serial, with actors recording their performances twice for each day that the shows were broadcast. The radio broadcast of The Guiding Light ceased production during 1956, the Guiding Light ranked as the number one-rated soap opera during both 1956 and 1957, before being replaced during 1958 by As the World Turns. After Irna Phillips was transferred to As the World Turns during 1958, the first television producer of The Guiding Light was Luci Ferri Rittenberg, who produced the show over 20 years. Agnes Nixon relinquished her role as chief writer during 1965 to work for the series Another World, on March 13,1967, The Guiding Light was first broadcast in color. On September 9,1968, the program was expanded from 15 to 30 minutes, the show became a bit more topical during the 1960s, with such storylines as Bert Bauers diagnosis of uterine cancer in 1962.
A number of new characters were introduced during the mid- to late 1960s, including Dr. Sara McIntyre, who remained a major character through the early 1980s. Charlotte was murdered by Kit on August 26,1973, and Kit herself was shot by Dr. Joe Werner in self-defense on April 24,1974, after she had attempted to poison Dr. Sara McIntyre. A pivotal character, off-and-on, until the spring of 1998, the role of Roger was originally proposed to be blonde, fair-skinned preppy type, a man who was dating his bosss daughter Holly
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned by Aristotle and Thucydides.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world
A noted comedian, she won all five Golden Globes for which she was nominated. Russell won a Tony Award in 1953 for Best Performance by an Actress in a Musical for her portrayal of Ruth in the Broadway show Wonderful Town and she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress four times throughout her career. She had a career span from the 1930s to the 1970s. Catherine Rosalind Russell was one of seven children born in Waterbury, Connecticut, to James Edward, a lawyer, and Clara A. Russell and she was named after a ship on which her parents had traveled. Her parents thought Russell was studying to become a teacher, and were unaware that she was planning to become a comedic actress, Russell started her career as a fashion model and was in many Broadway shows. Against parental objections, she took a job at a company for seven months at Saranac Lake and Hartford. Afterwards, she moved to Boston, where she acted for a year at a group for Edward E. Clive. Later, she appeared in a revue in New York, she took voice lessons and built a career in the opera, which was short-lived due to her difficulty in reaching high notes.
In the early 1930s, Russell went west to Los Angeles, when she first arrived on the lot, she was ignored by most of the crew and told the press she felt terrible and humiliated at Universal, which affected her self-confidence. Unhappy with Universals leadership, and second-class studio status at the time, when MGM first approached her for a screen test, Russell was wary, remembering her experience at Universal. When she met MGMs Benny Thau and Ben Piazza, she was surprised and her screen test was directed by Harold S. Bucquet, and she recalled that she was hired because of a closeup he took of her. Under contract to MGM, Russell debuted in Evelyn Prentice, although the role was small, she received good notices, with one critic saying that she was convincing as the woman scorned. She starred in comedies such as Forsaking All Others and Fours a Crowd, as well as dramas, including Craigs Wife. Russell was first acclaimed when she co-starred with Robert Young in the MGM drama West Point of the Air, One critic wrote, Rosalind Russell as the other woman in the story gives an intelligent and deft handling to her scenes with Young.
She quickly rose to fame, and by 1935, was seen as a replacement for actress Myrna Loy, in her first years in Hollywood, Russell was characterized, both in her personal life and film career, as a sophisticated lady. This dissatisfied Russell, who claimed in a 1936 interview, Being typed as a lady is the greatest misfortune possible to a motion picture actress and it limits your characterizations, confines you to play feminine sops and menaces and the public never highly approves of either. I earnestly want to get away from this, because I want to improve my career and professional life and, secondly because I am tired of being a clothes horse – a sort of hothouse orchid in a stand of wild flowers. Russell approached director Frank Lloyd for help changing her image, but instead of helping her, in 1939, she was cast as catty gossip Sylvia Fowler in the all-female comedy The Women, directed by George Cukor
Russians in Finland
Russians in Finland or Russian Finns constitute a linguistic and ethnic minority in Finland. About 30,000 people have citizenship of the Russian Federation, and Russian is the language of about 70,000 people in Finland. Russian citizens who moved before the Second World War are called Old Russians, the next immigration wave happened after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, as Ingrian Finns remigrated to Finland. At present and family ties are two common reasons for Russians to immigrate to Finland. The first migratory wave of Russians began in the early 18th century, about 40,000 Russian soldiers, civilian workers, and about 600 businessmen moved to the Grand Duchy of Finland, which was part of Russian Empire since 1809. When Finland became independent, many returned to Russia. Many businessmen stayed, including the Sinebrychoff family, during the Russian Revolution many aristocrats and officers fled to Finland as refugees. The biggest refugee wave was in 1922 when about 33,500 persons came to Finland, many of them had Nansen passports for many years.
During the Kronstadt Rebellion about 1,600 officers fled to Finland, Russian citizens who moved in these three waves are called Old Russians, whose 3–5,000 descendants live in Finland today. A second major wave of immigration occurred after the fall of the Soviet Union, many Russian guest workers came to Finland, working low-paying jobs. In the 1990s, immigration to Finland grew, and a Russian-speaking population descended from Ingrian Finns immigrated to Finland, in the 2000s, many nouveaux riches Russians have bought estates in Eastern Finland. According to Russian Embassy in Finland, there are about 50,000 Russian-speaking people in Finland, however, in 2008 study of Aleksanteri Institute, calculated 45,000 Russian-speaking people. According to Statistics Finland, there were 70,899 Russian-speaking people in 2012, however half of Russian-speaking immigrants are Ingrian Finns and other Finno-Ugric people. In 2012, there were 30,183 people with citizenship of the Russian Federation – dual citizens included, there are people who have received only Finnish citizenship, and Estonian Russians.
Two common reasons for immigration were marriage, and descendant from Ingrian Finns, Russian language newspaper Spektr was founded in 1998, and radio channel Radio Sputnik broadcasts in the Russian language. Many small Russian Orthodox Churchs have been founded in Finland, in a 2012 poll, 12% of Russians in Finland reported that they had experienced a racially motivated hate crime. 27% of Russians in Finland were victims of crimes the last 12 months, for theft, attacks. Vyrubova was the figure in the intrigue involving Rasputin and the Imperial couple
Judy Garland was an American singer and vaudevillian. Garland began performing in vaudeville with her two sisters and was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. She made more than two films with MGM, including nine with Mickey Rooney. Garlands most famous role was as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz and her other roles at MGM included Meet Me in St. Louis, The Harvey Girls and Easter Parade. After 15 years, she was released from the studio and made record-breaking concert appearances, a recording career. Film appearances became fewer in her years, but included two Academy Award nominated performances in A Star Is Born and Judgment at Nuremberg. Garland received a Golden Globe Award, a Juvenile Academy Award, and a Special Tony Award, deMille Award for lifetime achievement in the film industry. She was the first woman to win a Grammy for Album of the Year for her recording of Judy at Carnegie Hall. In 1997, Garland was posthumously awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
In 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the 10 greatest female stars of classic American cinema, from an early age Garland struggled in her personal life. The pressures of adolescent stardom sent her to a psychiatrist at age eighteen and her self-image was influenced by film executives who said she was unattractive and manipulated her on-screen physical appearance. She was plagued by instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. She married five times, with her first four marriages ending in divorce and she had a long battle with drugs and alcohol, which ultimately led to her death from a barbiturate overdose at the age of 47. Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm on June 10,1922, in Grand Rapids and she was the youngest child of Ethel Marion and Francis Avent Frank Gumm. Her parents were vaudevillians who settled in Grand Rapids to run a theater that featured vaudeville acts. She was of English and Irish ancestry, named after both of her parents and baptized at a local Episcopal church, baby shared her familys flair for song and dance.
The Gumm Sisters performed there for the few years, accompanied by their mother on piano. The family relocated to Lancaster, California, in June 1926, Frank purchased and operated another theater in Lancaster, and Ethel began managing her daughters and working to get them into motion pictures
Pitkyarantsky District is an administrative district, one of the fifteen in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic, the area of the district is 2,300 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the town of Pitkyaranta, as of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 19,895, with the population of Pitkyaranta accounting for 57. 4% of that number. As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Pitkyarantsky Municipal District, the town of Pitkyaranta serves as the administrative center of both the administrative and municipal district. The Cross of Sorrow, a memorial to soldiers perished on both sides of the Winter War of 1939–1940, is located in Pitkyarantsky District at the crossroads of Pitkyaranta–Suoyarvi–Petrozavodsk, Закона №1314-ЗРК от16 июля2009 г «О внесении изменений в Конституцию Республики Карелия». Закон №871-ЗРК от29 апреля2005 г, «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Карелия», в ред. Закона №1895-ЗРK от2 июня2015 г, «О внесении изменения статью9 Закона Республики Карелия Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Карелия». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования, Опубликован, газета Карелия, №48,7 мая2005 г. Закон №825-ЗРК от1 декабря2004 г, «О муниципальных районах в Республике Карелия», в ред. Закона №1694-ЗРK от2 апреля2013 г, Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован, газета Карелия, №141,16 декабря2004 г, Закон №813-ЗРК от1 ноября2004 г. «О городских, сельских поселениях в Республике Карелия», в ред, Закона №1694-ЗРK от2 апреля2013 г. Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования, Опубликован, газета Карелия, №124,126,129,132,135,136,139,4 ноября —9 декабря2004 г