Tainan Tainan City, is a city in southern Taiwan. The city proper is a special municipality facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south. Tainan is the oldest city on the island of Taiwan and commonly known as the "Capital City" for its over 200 years of history as the capital of Taiwan under Koxinga and Qing rule. Tainan's complex history of comebacks and renewals inspired its popular nickname "the Phoenix City"; as Taiwan's oldest urban area, Tainan was established by the Dutch East India Company as a ruling and trading base called Fort Zeelandia during the period of Dutch rule on the island. After Dutch colonists were defeated by Koxinga in 1661, Tainan remained as the capital of the Tungning Kingdom until 1683 and afterwards the capital of Taiwan Prefecture under Qing Dynasty rule until 1887, when the new provincial capital was moved to Taipei. Tainan has been regarded as one of the oldest cities in Taiwan, its former name, has been claimed to be the origin of the name "Taiwan".
It is one of Taiwan's cultural capitals, for its rich folk cultures including the famous local street food and traditional cuisine, extensively preserved Taoist rites and other living local traditions covering everything from child birth to funerals. The city houses the first Confucian school–temple in Taiwan, built in 1665, the remains of the Eastern and Southern gates of the old city, countless other historical monuments. Tainan claims more Taoist temples than any other city in Taiwan. Archaeological excavations in Zuojhen District suggest that the Tainan region has been inhabited for at least 20,000 to 31,000 years; the indigenous Siraya tribe dominated the region by the 16th century. The Sakam people of the Sinkan sub-tribe inhabited the area of the present-day city. Other Sirayan sub-tribes, including the Soelangh and Baccloangh inhabited the surrounding area. By the late 16th century, Chinese merchants and fishermen had set up several bases along the west coast of the island, including a sandbar across the Taikang Inner Sea off the bay of Sakam village.
The Chinese adopted Taioan as the name of the sandbar. North of Taioan, along the shoreline near Bassemboy, Japanese traders established bases for trade with China; the early Chinese and Japanese traded with the Sirayan people. Salt and food dried deer meat; the Siraya people were influenced by both Japanese cultures and lifestyles. They started to use Chinese words in their language, use Japanese tantō in ritual events, migrated inland due to the influx of newcomers. By the time the Europeans arrived, the influence of Chinese and Japanese traders and fishermen was prominent. Early Dutch colonists had failed to control Macau and the Penghu islands. In July 1622, the Dutch East India Company textile merchant Cornelis Reyersz sailed to Taiwan in search of a suitable location to build a trading post. In 1624 he established a small fort named ` Orange' on the sandy peninsula; the fort was expanded and renamed Fort Zeelandia. The settlement was designed as a base to attack their Spanish rivals and as a trading post between China and Batavia in Indonesia.
The post became the center of Dutch trade between China and Europe. During the governorship of Pieter Nuyts, there was hostility between the Dutch and Japanese merchants, leading at one point to Nuyts being held hostage by a Japanese trader, Hamada Yahee; the Dutch pacification campaign on Formosa was a series of military actions and diplomatic moves undertaken in 1635 and 1636. They aimed at subduing hostile aboriginal villages in the south-western region of the island. In 1642 the Dutch seized the Spanish garrison at Santisima Trinidad in Keelung; the Dutch East India Company became the first authority to claim control of the whole of Formosa, with Fort Zeelandia as the seat of government. Tensions arose between the Dutch and the Chinese inhabitants of Taiwan due to heavy Dutch taxation and Dutch participation in plunder during the collapse of the Ming dynasty; this led to the brief, but bloody, Guo Huaiyi Rebellion in 1652. The Dutch crushed the revolt only with the help of the local Sinkanese.
The settlements near to Fort Zeelandia expanded as a result of the Dutch trading post in the area. In 1653, the Dutch built a new fort, Fort Provintia, in the Sakam area as a center for an agricultural colony; the Dutch encouraged Chinese farmers to migrate to Taiwan to grow sugar cane. The Dutch settlement in southern Taiwan was so successful that, by the 1650s, it had overtaken Batavia. Koxinga was a Ming loyalist and chief commander of the Ming troops on the maritime front for the emperors of the withering dynasty. In 1661, Koxinga attacked the Dutch colonists in Taiwan. After a nine-month siege, the Dutch Governor of Taiwan, Frederik Coyett, surrendered Fort Zeelandia to Koxinga on 1 February 1662; this ended 38 years of Dutch rule on Taiwan. Koxinga devoted himself to transforming Taiwan into a military base for loyalists who wanted to restore the Ming Dynasty. Koxinga set about making Taiwan a base for the Ming loyalist movement. Fort Provintia was renamed Tungtu, Fort Zeelandia became Anping.
Koxinga set up military colonies on the surrounding plains to help feed his forces. Many suburbs surrounding Tainan City today include in their names "Ying", "Jia", "Tian", all derived from this event. After the death of Koxinga in 1662, his son, Zheng Jing, changed the name of Dongdu to Dong Ning, his chief minister, Chen Yonghua, intr
Beeston is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester, which itself is located in the ceremonial county of Cheshire in the north of England. It is located 10 km south-east of Chester, 3.5 km south-west of Tarporley, close to the Shropshire Union Canal. According to the 2011 census, Beeston had a population of 188. Beeston Castle nearby is a spectacular clifftop. Peckforton Castle is not far away. In the 1870s, the castle at Beeston was described as: Beeston Castle here crowns an isolated sandstone rock, 366 feet high; the castle was built, in 1228, by Ranulph de Blundeville. According to the 1881 Census data, the population of Beeston was 328. Of these, 56 were engaged in agriculture. 30 persons were employed in domestic service in the parish at the time as well indicating the presence of a country estate. There was a schoolmaster, an innkeeper and a shopkeeper, which suggests that there was a school, an inn and a village shop present in 1881; the overall trend for in Beeston has been that the population has reduced since the 1881 census, with 188 people living in the village in 2011.
This is despite the overall number of households in the parish increasing. Beeston is located off the A49; the village was once served by Beeston Castle and Tarporley railway station on the Chester to Crewe main line. The station closed to goods traffic in January 1965, to passengers 15 months in April 1966; the line remains open, sections of the platforms are still in situ. Listed buildings in Beeston, Cheshire
The CMLL 64th Anniversary Show was a professional wrestling major show event produced by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre that took place on September 19, 1997 in Arena México, Mexico City, Mexico. The show consisted of six matches, with the main event being a Lucha de Apuestas, mask vs. hair match between Hijo del Santo, who put his mask on the line, against Negro Casas, who risked his hair. The show featured three Six-man tag team matches, as well as two tag team matches, one featuring CMLL's Mini-Estrella division and one featuring CMLL's women's division; the event commemorated the 64th anniversary of the oldest professional wrestling promotion. In the world; the Anniversary show is CMLL's biggest show of their Super Bowl event. The 2002 CMLL Anniversary Shows commemorated the 69th anniversary of the Mexican professional wrestling company Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre holding their first show on September 22, 1933 by promoter and founder Salvador Lutteroth. CMLL known as Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre it would change its name to Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre in 1992 to signal their departure from the National Wrestling Alliance.
With the sales of the Jim Crockett Promotions to Ted Turner in 1988 CMLL became the oldest, still-operating wrestling promotion in the world. Over the years CMLL has on occasion held multiple shows to celebrate their anniversary but since 1977 the company has only held one annual show, considered the biggest show of the year, CMLL's equivalent of WWE's WrestleMania or their Super Bowl event. CMLL has held their Anniversary show at Arena México in Mexico City, Mexico since 1956, the year the building was completed, over time Arena México earned the nickname "The Cathedral of Lucha Libre" due to it hosting most of CMLL's major events since the building was completed. Traditionally CMLL holds their major events on Friday Nights, replacing their scheduled Super Viernes show; the event featured seven professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches