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Taipei

Taipei Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan. Located in northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of the municipality of New Taipei City that sits about 25 km southwest of the northern port city Keelung. Most of the city lies on an ancient lakebed; the basin is bounded by the narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city's western border. The city proper is home to an estimated population of 2,646,204, forming the core part of the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area, which includes the nearby cities of New Taipei and Keelung with a population of 7,047,559, the 40th most-populous urban area in the world—roughly one-third of Taiwanese citizens live in the metro district; the name "Taipei" can refer either to the city proper. Taipei is the political, economic and cultural center of Taiwan and one of the major hubs in East Asia. Considered to be a global city and rated as an Alpha City by GaWC, Taipei is part of a major high-tech industrial area.

Railways, highways and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by two airports -- Taoyuan. Taipei is home to various world-famous architectural or cultural landmarks, which include Taipei 101, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Dalongdong Baoan Temple, Hsing Tian Kong, Lungshan Temple of Manka, National Palace Museum, Presidential Office Building, Taipei Guest House and several night markets dispersed throughout the city. Natural features such as Maokong and hot springs are well known to international visitors. In English-language news reports the name Taipei serves as a synecdoche referring to central government of Taiwan. Due to the ambiguous political status of Taiwan internationally, the term Chinese Taipei is frequently pressed into service as a synonym for the entire country, as when Taiwan's governmental representatives participate in international organizations or Taiwan's athletes participate in international sporting events; the spelling Taipei derives from the Wade–Giles romanization T'ai-pei which means the North of Taiwan in Chinese.

The name could be romanized as Táiběi according to Hanyu Pinyin and Tongyong Pinyin. The Empire of Japan acquired Taiwan in 1895 under the Treaty of Shimonoseki after the First Sino-Japanese War. Taiwan became a colony of Imperial Japan with Taihoku as its capital; the city has been known in English language materials as Tai-pak and Taipeh. Prior to the significant influx of Han Chinese immigrants, the region of Taipei Basin was inhabited by the Ketagalan plains aborigines; the number of Han immigrants increased in the early 18th century under Qing Dynasty rule after the government began permitting development in the area. In 1875, the northern part of the island was incorporated into the new Taipeh Prefecture; the Qing dynasty of China made Taipeh-fu the temporary capital of the island in 1887 when it was declared a province. Taipeh was formally made the provincial capital in 1894. Taipei was renamed to Taihoku in 1895. Under Japanese rule, the city was administered under Taihoku Prefecture. Taiwan's Japanese rulers embarked on an extensive program of advanced urban planning that featured extensive railroad links.

A number of Taipei landmarks and cultural institutions date from this period. Following the surrender of Japan to the United States of America of 1945, effective control of Taiwan was handed to the Republic of China. After losing mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the ruling Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital of the ROC in December 1949. Taiwan's Kuomintang rulers regarded the city as the capital of Taiwan Province and their control as mandated by General Order No. 1. In 1990 Taipei provided the backdrop for the Wild Lily student rallies that moved Taiwanese society from one-party rule to multi-party democracy by 1996; the city has since served as the seat of Taiwan's democratically elected national government. The region known as the Taipei Basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the eighteenth century. Han Chinese from Anxi and Tong'an of Southern Fujian as well as smaller groups of Hakkas of Qing dynasty China began to settle in the Taipei Basin in 1709.

In the late 19th century, the Taipei area, where the major Han Chinese settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated overseas trade ports, were located, gained economic importance due to the booming overseas trade that of tea export. In 1875, the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture and incorporated into the new Taipeh Prefecture as a new administrative entity of the Qing dynasty. Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangka and Twatutia, the new prefectural capital was known as Chengnei, "the inner city", government buildings were erected there. From 1875 until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Tamsui County of Taipeh Prefecture and the prefectural capital. In 1885, work commenced to govern the island as a province, Taipeh was temporarily made the provincial capital; the city became the capital in 1894. All that remains from the historical period is the north gate; the west gate and city walls were demolished by the Japanese while the south gate, little south gate, east gate were extensively modified by the Kuomintang and have lost much of their original character.

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Evelyn Abelson

Evelyn Abelson, née Levy, was a British painter. Abelson was educated at Campden Hill School and at Queen's College, London, she studied art at Heatherley School of Fine Art. From the 1920s until her death in 1967 Abelson was a regular exhibitor of landscape paintings, still-life subjects plus architectural subjects and city street scenes of London, she exhibited such oil paintings at the Royal Academy between 1933 and 1963. Abelson was beginning in 1925, a regular exhibitor with the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, she exhibited with the New English Art Club and the Royal Society of British Artists. She was a member of the Society of Women Artists from 1936 onwards and showed a total of 88 works at their exhibitions. Abelson lived in London for many years and her depiction of Trafalger Square is held by the British Government Art Collection. 1 painting by or after Evelyn Abelson at the Art UK site

Drywall mechanic

A Drywall mechanic is a skilled trade similar to wood carpenters, except they build everything out of heavy gauge and light gauge steel studs all year round, regardless of weather conditions. A Drywall mechanic erect various exterior and interior stud wall partitions, they install metal door frames, window frames, a variety acoustical ceilings, precast moldings for columns and ceilings. In addition, they install x-ray shielding and sound insulation and a variety of drywall panels and metal and vinyl trims, it can be an entry-level position. A Drywall Mechanic can work privately. Health hazards include the dangers of toxic poisoning from the fumes and dust of paints and related materials. Construction workers who sand drywall joint compound are exposed to high concentrations of dusts, calcite, gypsum, in some cases, respirable silica; some of these have been associated with varying degrees of eye, nose and respiratory tract irritation. Over time, breathing the dust from drywall joint compounds may cause persistent throat and airway irritation, phlegm production, breathing difficulties similar to asthma.

When silica is present, workers may face an increased risk of silicosis and lung cancer. There are asbestos and Mold health issues in removing old drywall, as well as lead paint on drywall first painted several decades ago. For all of these reasons, constant use of a respirator is recommended, required by some labor authorities. Potential falls from elevated work platforms or ladders are another risk. Joint compound mixes manufactured prior to the 1980s contained a complex mixture of several substances. Among the additives used were asbestos fibers, which provided cohesiveness. Exposure to friable asbestos increases risks of various serious health conditions, including cancer. Joint compounds manufactured from 1980 onward were required to have asbestos removed in favor of other compounds due to legislation to ban asbestos' widespread use. For all of these reasons, constant use of a respirator is recommended by all drywall compound manufacturers and is required by some labor authorities