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Taiwan Province

Taiwan Province is a nominal province of the Republic of China without administrative function. Its administrative powers have been transferred to the central and county governments. Taiwan Province covers 69% of the actual-controlled territory of the Republic of China, with around 31% of the total population; the province included the island of Taiwan, Orchid Island, Green Island, Xiaoliuqiu Island, their surrounding islands. Between 1967 and 2014, six special municipalities were split off from the province, all in the most populous regions; the Taiwan Provincial Government was established after the Japanese rule. It was streamlined in December 1998, with administrative functions transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan. In July 2018, the government was dissolved, with budget and personnel removed. In 1683, Zheng Keshuang, surrendered to the Qing following a naval engagement with Admiral Shi Lang; the Qing ruled the Taiwanese archipelago as Taiwan Prefecture of Fujian Province.

In 1875, Taipeh Prefecture was separated from Taiwan Prefecture. In 1885, work commenced under the auspices of Liu Ming-chuan to develop Taiwan into a province. In 1887, the island was designated with Liu as the first governor; the province was reorganized into four prefectures, eleven districts, three sub-prefectures. The provincial capital, or "Taiwan-fu", was intended to be moved from the south to the more central area of Toatun in the revamped Taiwan Prefecture; as the new central Taiwan-fu was still under construction, the capital was temporarily moved north to Taipeh, designated the provincial capital. In 1895, the entire Taiwan Province, including Penghu, was ceded to Japan following the First Sino-Japanese War through the Treaty of Shimonoseki. Under Japanese rule, the province was abolished in favour of Japanese-style divisions. After the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Taiwan was handed over to the Republic of China; the way that the ROC obtained Taiwan is a subject of controversy that gave root to the complex unresolved political status of Taiwan and the Taiwan independence movement.

The ROC government established the Taiwan Provincial Government under first Chief Executive and government-general Chen Yi in September 1945. Chen was unpopular and his rule led to an uprising – the February 28 Incident of 1947. Chen was recalled in May 1947 and the government-general position was abolished; when the Republic of China government was relocated to Taipei in 1949 as a result of the Kuomintang's defeat by the Communist Party of China forces in the Chinese Civil War, the provincial administration remained in place under the claim that the ROC was still the government of all of China though the opposition argued that it overlapped inefficiently with the national government. The seat of the provincial government was moved from Taipei to Zhongxing New Village in 1956. Taiwan Province covers the entire island of Taiwan and all its associated islands; the city of Taipei was split off to become a province-level special municipality in 1967, the city of Kaohsiung was split off in 1979 to become another special municipality.

In December 2010, Kaohsiung County left the province and merged with the original Kaohsiung City to become an expanded Kaohsiung City, Taipei County became the special municipality named New Taipei City. The cities and counties of Taichung and Tainan were merged and elevated to special municipality. On 25 December 2014, Taoyuan County was upgraded into a special municipality and split off from Taiwan Province; until 1992, the governor of Taiwan province was appointed by the ROC central government. The office was a stepping stone to higher office. In 1992, the post of the governor of the province was opened to election; the then-opposition Democratic Progressive Party agreed to retain the province with an elected governor in the hopes of creating a "Yeltsin effect" in which a popular local leader could overwhelm the national government. These hopes proved unfulfilled as then-Kuomintang member James Soong was elected governor of Taiwan province, defeating the DPP candidate Chen Ding-nan. In 1997, as the result of an agreement between the KMT and the DPP, the powers of the provincial government were curtailed by constitutional amendments.

The post of provincial governor was abolished. In addition, the provincial council was replaced by the Taiwan Provincial Consultative Council. Although the stated purpose was administrative efficiency and his supporters claim that it was intended to impede James Soong's political life, though it did not have this effect; the provincial administration was downscaled in 1998, most of its power handed to the central government. The counties and provincial cities under the province became the primary administrative divisions of the country; the position of the Chairperson of the Provincial Government, appointed by the central government, is retained to comply with the Constitution. The major operations of the provincial government, such as managing provincial highways and the Bank of Taiwan, have been transferred to the Executive Yuan since 1998. In July 2018, all remaining duties were transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan; the Taiwan Provincial Government was located in Zhongxing New Village, Nan

Bangaru Thalli (scheme)

Bangaru Thalli is a welfare scheme for girls launched by Government of Andhra Pradesh. The scheme supports the family of a girl from her birth till her graduation. All the Below Poverty Line white card holders are eligible for the scheme.... It was launched on 1 May 2013 by Chief Minister of Kiran Kumar Reddy; the supporting legislation AP Bangaru Thali Girl Child Promotion and Empowerment Act, 2013 was passed on 19 June 2013 in Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. The state government will give Rs 1,000 every month to every pregnant woman the moment she conceives till she delivers a baby. If she gives birth to - a baby girl born Rs 2,500 - Rs 1,500 every year through Anganwadis till the girl turns 5 years. - At the time of admission to school, Rs 1,000 - Rs 2,000 will be given every year for her studies from the first to the fifth standard - Rs 2,500 from sixth to eighth standard - Rs 3,000 for ninth and tenth standard - Rs 3,500 each year for Intermediate - Rs 3,000 a year during her graduation.

OBJECTIVES OF BANGARU TALLI ™ To show unflinching support to the girl child ™ Incentivise all-round growth of the girl children ™ Improve the social status of the Girls/women ™ To reset the feeling that girl child is a burden ™ Help fight the social evils faced by women ™ Prevent Gender discrimination by empowering & protecting the right of the Girl children & ™ Restore demographic balance. ™ Achieve Millennium Development Goals ™ Channelize capabilities of women for nation building ™ Assure continuity of the scheme ™ Define responsibilities of all functionaries SCOPE ™ All girl children born in economically backward households ™ Born on or after 1 May 2013 ™ Possessing White ration card ENTITLEMENTS ASSURED ™ PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES for safe institutional deliveries ™ PRE & POST-NATAL HEALTH, IMMUNISATION services ™ 3 YEARS PRE-SCHOOL education in the Anganwadi ™ 8 YEARS PRIMARY education ™ 2 YEARS of HIGH SCHOOL education ™ 2 YEARS of education AFTER THE 10TH standard and ™ 3/4 YEARS of COLLEGE EDUCATION ™ SKILL TRAINING for suitable employment.

INCENTIVES ™ Financial incentives on achieving the milestones as enclosed. ™ In addition to any subsidy and incentive provided. ™ After 21 years: a) If Intermediate completed & studies discontinued a pay out of Rs.50,000 b) If Degree completed, a payout of Rs.1 lakh ™ Identification through the Aadhaar Number and biometrics. ™ Direct electronic deposit in the account without any intermediaries. ™ Disbursement after biometric authentication IMPLEMENTATION STRUCTURE ™ State Council under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister – Ministers and Secretaries of all relevant Departments. ™ Women & Child Welfare Department is the Nodal Authority ™ State level implementing Authorities: SERP – Rural areas & MEPMA – Urban areas IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS ™IT driven ™Central Electronic Registry and an online database ™Separate authorities for updation & authentication. –ANM to register pregnant woman –AWW reports birth –VO uploads into central database –VO will monitor the child till schooling –Colleges upload using online by the colleges SOCIAL AUDIT ™ All data in public domain for transparency.

™ All expenditure to be put to social audit BUDGETARY REQUIREMENTS ASSUMPTIONS: ™ 16 lakh new births, 8 lakhs are girls. ™ Gross Enrolment Ratio of girls in intermediate is 40%. This will improve to 50%. ™ 20% of girls reach graduation now. This will improve to 30% ™ Budgetary Inflows & therefore Plan budgets will register a growth of 10% every year. FUNDS REQUIRED ™ Considering births of 8 lakh girl children every year, the payout: ™ In the 1st year would be Rs. 200 Cr and ™ Gradually increase to Rs.6,618 Cr by end of 2034-35


An army, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights on land. In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch, service branch or armed service of a nation or state, it may include aviation assets by possessing an army aviation component. Within a national military force, the word army may mean a field army. In some countries, such as France and China, the term "army" in its plural form "armies", has the broader meaning of armed forces as a whole, while retaining the colloquial sense of land forces. To differentiate the colloquial army from the formal concept of military force, the term is qualified, for example in France the land force is called Armée de terre, meaning Land Army, the air force is called Armée de l'Air, meaning Air Army; the naval force, although not using the term "army", is included in the broad sense of the term "armies" — thus the French Navy is an integral component of the collective French Armies under the Ministry of the Armies. A similar pattern is seen in China, with the People's Liberation Army being the overall military, the "actual army" being the PLA Ground Force, so forth for the PLA Air Force, the PLA Navy, other branches.

The current largest army in the world, by number of active troops, is the PLA Ground Force of China with 1,600,000 active troops and 510,000 reserve personnel followed by the Indian Army with 1,129,000 active troops and 960,000 reserve personnel. By convention, irregular military is understood in contrast to regular armies which grew from personal bodyguards or elite militia. Regular in this case refers to standardized doctrines, organizations, etc. Regular military can refer to full-time status, versus reserve or part-time personnel. Other distinctions may separate statutory forces, from de facto "non-statutory" forces such as some guerrilla and revolutionary armies. Armies may be expeditionary or fencible India's armies were among the first in the world; the first recorded battle, the Battle of the Ten Kings, happened when an Hindu Aryan king named Sudas defeated an alliance of ten kings and their supportive chieftains. During the Iron Age, the Maurya and Nanda Empires had the largest armies in the world, the peak being over 600,000 Infantry, 30,000 Cavalry, 8,000 War-Chariots and 9,000 War Elephants not including tributary state allies.

In the Gupta age, large armies of longbowmen were recruited to fight off invading horse archer armies. Elephants and cavalry were other featured troops. In Rajput times, the main piece of equipment was iron or chain-mail armour, a round shield, either a curved blade or a straight-sword, a chakra disc and a katar dagger; the states of China raised armies for at least 1000 years before the Autumn Annals. By the Warring States period, the crossbow had been perfected enough to become a military secret, with bronze bolts which could pierce any armor, thus any political power of a state rested on their organization. China underwent political consolidation of the states of Han, Chu, Zhao and Qi, until by 221 BCE, Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of the Qin dynasty, attained absolute power; this first emperor of China could command the creation of a Terracotta Army to guard his tomb in the city of Xi'an, as well as a realignment of the Great Wall of China to strengthen his empire against insurrection and incursion.

Sun Tzu's The Art of War remains one of China's Seven Military Classics though it is two thousand years old. Since no political figure could exist without an army, measures were taken to ensure only the most capable leaders could control the armies. Civil bureaucracies arose to control the productive power of the states, their military power; the Spartan Army was one of the earliest known professional armies. Boys were sent to a barracks at the age of eight to train for becoming a soldier. At the age of thirty they were allowed to marry and have a family. After that, men devoted their lives to war until their retirement at the age of 60. Unlike other civilizations, whose armies had to disband during the planting and harvest seasons, the Spartan serfs or helots, did the manual labor; this allowed the Spartans to field a full-time army with a campaign season. The Spartan Army was composed of hoplites, equipped with arms and armor nearly identical to each other; each hoplite bore a scarlet uniform.

The main pieces of this armor were a spear and a helmet. The Roman Army had its origins in the citizen army of the Republic, staffed by citizens serving mandatory duty for Rome. Reforms turned the army into a professional organization, still filled by citizens, but these citizens served continuously for 25 years before being discharged; the Romans were noted for making use of auxiliary troops, non-Romans who served with the legions and filled roles that the traditional Roman military could not fill such as light skirmish troops and heavy cavalry. After their service in the army they were made citizens of Rome and their children were citizens also, they were given land and money to settle in Rome. In the Late Roman Empire, these auxiliary troops, along with foreign mercenaries, became the core of the Roman Army. In the earliest Middle Ages it was

Household of King George V and Queen Mary

The Royal Households of the United Kingdom consists of royal officials and the supporting staff of the British Royal Family, as well as the Royal Household which supports the Sovereign. Each member of the Royal Family who undertakes public duties has his own separate Household. King George V was created Duke of York in 1892, received a separate household together with his brother. Courtiers appointed to assist the Prince George of Wales until that year had been part of his parents´ household. After his marriage to Princess Mary of Teck in 1893 they shared the Household of the Duke and Duchess of York. On the accession of his father, King Edward VII in January 1901, George automatically inherited the dukedom of Cornwall and was known as the Duke of Cornwall and York until the following November, when he was appointed Prince of Wales. From 1901 until his accession in 1910 he and his wife shared the Household of the Prince and Princess of Wales, but several appointments were to either the Prince or the Princess.

When he became King, his household was known as the Household of the Sovereign 1910–1936. Queen Mary received a separate household upon the Household of the Queen. From 1936, it was known as the Household of Queen Mary. 1892–1901: Major General Sir Francis Walter de Winton, GCMG, CB 1901–?: Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon. Sir William H. P. Carington, KCVO, CB 1901–1910: Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Arthur Bigge, GCVO, KCB, KCSI, KCMG, ISO 1901–?: Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock, GCSI, GCIE, KCB 1901–1907: Charles Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham, KCB 1908–1910: Luke White, 3rd Baron Annaly 1901–1910: Captain the Hon. William Charles Wentworth-FitzWilliam 1901–?: Commander Sir Charles L. Cust, Bart. CMG, MVO, Royal Navy 1901–1910: the Hon. Derek V. G. Keppel, CMG, CIE, MVO, VD 1901–?: Captain the Viscount Crichton, DSO 1901–1910: Captain Bryan G. Godfrey-Faussett, CMG, MVO, Royal Navy 1901–1910: Captain Rosslyn Erskine-Wemyss, MVO, Royal Navy 1901–?: Major James Henry Bor, CMG, Royal Marine Artillery 1901–1910: Captain the Hon. William Charles Wentworth-FitzWilliam 1902–1910: Edward William Wallington, CMG 1901–1910: Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 9th Earl of Shaftesbury, KCVO 1901–1910: Honourable Alexander Nelson Hood 1901–?: Frank Dugdale, Esq.

1901–1910: Mabell Ogilvy, Countess of Airlie 1901–?: Ida Frances Bridgeman, Countess of Bradford 1901–?: Lady Eva Dugdale 1901–?: Lady Mary Forbes-Trefusis 1901–?: Lady Katharine Coke 1901–1910: Reverend Canon John Neale Dalton, CVO, CMG 1910–1915: Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, KP, GCVO 1915–1922: Edwyn Scudamore-Stanhope, 10th Earl of Chesterfield, KG, GCVO 1922–1924: Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, KG, CB 1924–1936: Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, KP, GCVO 1910–1915: Edwyn Scudamore-Stanhope, 10th Earl of Chesterfield, KG, GCVO 1915–1922: Horace Farquhar, Viscount Farquhar, GCB, GCVO 1922–1936: Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 9th Earl of Shaftesbury, KP, GCVO, CBE 1910–1912: Charles Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer, GCVO 1912–1921: William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO 1921–1922: John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl, KT, GCVO, CB 1922–1936: Rowland Baring, 2nd Earl of Cromer, GCB, GCIE, GCVO 1910–1912: Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Charles Arthur Frederick, GCVO, KCB 1912–1936: Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon.

Sir Derek W. G. Keppel, GCVO, KCB, CMG, CIE, VD 1910–1912: the Hon. Sir Derek W. G. Keppe, KCVO, CMG, CIE, VDl 1910–1924: Captain the Hon. Sir William Charles Wentworth-FitzWilliam, GCVO 1910–1936: Captain Sir Bryan G. Godfrey-Faussett, GCVO, CMG, Royal Navy 1927–?: Colonel George Camborne Beauclerk Paynter, CMG, DSO 1910–1922: Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 9th Earl of Shaftesbury, KP, KCVO, CBE 1922–1947: Charles Paget, 6th Marquess of Anglesey, GCVO 1947–1953:? 1910–1919: Honourable Sir Alexander Nelson Hood, KCVO 1910–?: Mabell Ogilvy, Countess of Airlie, GCVO, GBE 1910–27: Lady Mary Forbes-Trefusis Royal Households of the United Kingdom Household of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra

Rahmon Fletcher

Rahmon L. D. Fletcher is an American professional basketball player for the Newcastle Eagles of the British Basketball League. From Kansas City, Missouri, he competed with Green Bay at the college level. Since Fletcher has played with multiple teams in Europe, winning the BBL Most Valuable Player Award twice with the Newcastle Eagles. Fletcher attended Paseo High School in his hometown of Missouri; when he was a sophomore and senior, the Missouri Sportswriters and Sportscasters Association named him second-team Class 4 All-State. After his junior season, Fletcher earned first-team honors. In the summer of 2006, he took part in a high-profile Reebok ABCD Camp, at which he was ranked the 16th best point guard. In March 2007, as a senior, he represented the Kansas City team at the McDonald's Riverwar All-Star Basketball Game, which featured top players from Missouri and Illinois. While in high school, he was a top player on his AAU team, KC Rocktown. Fletcher was rated a three-star recruit out of high school by

Despite receiving initial interest from Southern Illinois, Wichita State, Missouri State, Fletcher committed to play for the Green Bay Phoenix. He made his debut for Green Bay on November 9, 2007 with 14 points, two rebounds, three assists in a 76–75 win over Oakland. On December 1, Fletcher scored a career-high 29 points vs. South Dakota State. Taking a starting role, he finished the season averaging 10.1 points, 2.5 rebounds, 3.2 assists, 1.2 steals per game. He led the Phoenix in total three-point field goal percentage; the freshman earned Freshman Mid-Major All-American honors and was named to the Horizon League All-Newcomer Team. Fletcher became entrenched as a starter in his second season with Green Bay, he opened his sophomore year on November 18, 2008 by posting six points and five assists in a loss to Utah. In a notable performance vs. Houston Baptist on December 22, Fletcher notched 18 points, eight assists, three steals. On March 18, 2009, in a College Basketball Invitational loss to Vermont and the Green Bay's final game, Fletcher put up his first college double-double, with 16 points and ten assists.

He closed the season averaging 10.8 points, 4.5 assists, 2.4 rebounds, 1.8 steals per game. He assists respectively. Fletcher additionally garnered second team all-league honors. After being undrafted for the 2011 NBA draft, Fletcher signed his first professional basketball contract with BS Weert of the Dutch Basketball League. On July 29, 2014, he signed with Newcastle Eagles. Fletcher finished his first season with the Eagles averaging 13.1 points, 6.4 assists and 2.3 rebounds. On July 7, 2016, Fletcher renewed his contract with Newcastle, he helped the Eagles for five straight BBL Cup finals and winning three of them. Fletcher lead the league in scoring during the 2016-17 British Basketball League season, scoring 676 points in 38 BBL games for averages of 20.8 points, 2.2 rebounds and 6.7 assists per game. After a stint in Slovakia, Fletcher returned to the Eagles for the 2018–19 season. Green Bay Phoenix bio Newcastle Eagles bio

José de los Reyes Berreyesa

José de los Reyes Berreyesa spelled Berrelleza, was born at Mission Santa Clara de Asís in Las Californias province of the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Spain. He was the third child and first son in the family of María Gertrudis Peralta and Nicolas Antonio Berrelleza, he served as an army sergeant at El Presidio Real de San Francisco. In 1805, he married María Zacarias Bernal at Mission Santa Clara; the couple had 13 children during 1807–1833, with 10 living past infancy. They moved in 1834 to cultivate and hold land in the Almaden Valley, located in present day Santa Clara County, California. In 1842, José de los Reyes Berreyesa received from Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado a grant giving him one square league, or 4,438 acres, of the land he had been cultivating, called Rancho San Vicente, it was located at the south end near the Santa Teresa Hills. The grant included a large section of the rocky hills upon which a rich source of mercury-carrying cinnabar ore was found in 1844–1845; the discovery was made public and the New Almaden quicksilver mine began producing a small amount of rich ore in 1846.

Mercury was an important part of gold and silver mining operations, was in demand the world over, after 1848 in the California gold fields. The neighboring grant, Rancho Los Capitancillos, was held by Justo Laros who claimed the mercury mine was part of his land. Andres Castillero claimed the mercury mine was part of his land. Robert Walkinshaw and some other men squatted on the rancho land in February 1845, began to take lumber and limestone away to sell in August. In 1846, during the Bear Flag Revolt, three of the Californio sons of José de los Reyes Berreyesa were imprisoned by John C. Frémont in Sonoma, where one of the sons, José de los Santos Berreyesa, had been serving as alcalde. Accompanied by two cousins, twin sons of Francisco de Haro, the 61-year-old father went to see how his sons were being treated in prison. After they landed their boat in San Rafael, the three men were shot and killed by three of Frémont's men, including Kit Carson, they were stripped of their belongings; when asked by prisoner José de los Santos Berreyesa whether their father had been killed, Frémont said it might have been a man named Castro.

A soldier of Frémont's was seen wearing the elder Berreyesa's serape, Frémont refused to assist José de los Santos Berreyesa in retrieving it as a final token of their father to give to their mother. The three brothers resorted to buying the serape from the soldier for the extortionate price of $25. Carson told Jasper O'Farrell that he regretted killing the Californios, but that the act was only one such that Frémont ordered him to commit. Berreyesa family The José Berreyesa families of California José Berreyesa Ranchos of California Berreyesa family photos