Tal Ben Haim
Tal Ben Haim is an Israeli footballer who currently plays at Maccabi Tel Aviv. He can play at centre back or right back. He has played for Maccabi Tel Aviv, Bolton Wanderers, Chelsea, Manchester City, Sunderland, Portsmouth, West Ham United, Queens Park Rangers, Standard Liége and he is also a member of the Israeli national squad. He made his debut for Israel on 13 February 2002 in a match against Germany. Born in Rishon LeZion, Ben Haim joined the Maccabi Tel Aviv senior squads in 1998 as a reserve player and his league debut came on 30 April 2001 when he came on in the 90th minute as a substitute in the Tel Aviv derby match against Hapoel. He played a significant part in Maccabis Israeli Premier League title in the 2002–03 season, and was appointed club captain the following season, replacing Gadi Brumer who retired in mid-season. After a two-week trial with Bolton Wanderers in the summer of 2004 and his first season at the Reebok Stadium was a successful one as he made 27 appearances. On 1 February 2005, Ben Haim scored his first and only goal for Bolton, as of 2015, this is his only goal in the Premier League. The only thing that hampered his campaign a little was a clash with Wayne Rooney in a match when Rooney appeared to shove him in the face. Ben Haim, it was claimed, went down too easily and made too much of it and was charged with improper conduct by the Football Association, but was later cleared of charges. On 20 October 2005 while playing for Bolton in the UEFA Cup away at Beşiktaş, Ben Haims defensive displays in his following seasons at Bolton had attracted the interests of many clubs including Chelsea, West Ham United and Tottenham Hotspur. In January 2007, Chelsea confirmed that talks to sign Ben Haim from Bolton were unsuccessful, Ben-Haim told the Jewish Telegraph exclusively, I am very happy to join one of the greatest clubs in the world. I will play in any position Jose Mourinho wants me to play, I am looking forward to starting the new season with Champions League football. He made his competitive début for Chelsea against Manchester United in the FA Community Shield, with injuries to fellow Chelsea defenders John Terry and Ricardo Carvalho Ben Haim became a regular in the Chelsea first team. However, after the recovery of first team pairing Terry and Carvalho and it was Jose who brought me here and no one except he and I know the conversation we had when he tried to sign me the first time a year ago last January. The fact is while Jose was the coach I played most of the games, I knew nothing good would come for me with Grant as Chelsea coach. Tal Ben Haim was fined two weeks wages, about £80,000, during Ben Haims stay at Chelsea, he made 13 Premier League appearances, before transferring to Manchester City. Ben Haim joined City on 30 July 2008 for a fee around £5 million, becoming only the second first-team signing of new manager Mark Hughes
Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club and part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv sports club. Founded in 1906 as the HaRishon Le Zion-Yafo Association, Maccabi Tel Aviv is the oldest, largest and most decorated club in Israel. With the establishment of the city of Tel Aviv in 1909, in 1922 they became the first Jewish football club to participate in local competitions. Maccabi Tel Aviv have won more titles than any other Israeli club, winning 22 League Championships,23 prestigious State Cups, the club is named after the Maccabees. Maccabi Tel Aviv FC invest a lot of money in the development, the clubs youth system operate football academies at three sites in the Tel Aviv area, working with over 750 children aged 6–15. The club also runs 17 youth teams with 400 players between 9 and 19 years old and these teams tend to compete very successfully in local and national leagues. Durims decided to establish the Palestine League, in the same year the State Cup was founded under the name People Cup. That same year, the first Tel Aviv derby was played, with Maccabi winning, Maccabi won their first State Cup in 1929 after beating Maccabi HaShmonai. Maccabi won the State Cup for a time in 1930, beating the 48th Regiment of Foot 2–1, and a third in 1933. In 1936 the club was invited to play in the United States, on their way, Maccabi played in France, losing, 2–0, to Racing Paris and 3–1 to Lille. In the United States, Maccabi defeated the All-star team of New York City in front of 50,000 in Yankee Stadium. Maccabi also defeated the American Soccer League team in Brooklyn and Philadelphia on their ground, 1–0, and also played in Canada. Maccabi continued their tour in the USA and lost, 3–2, to St. Louis Stars, after returning from the United States, Maccabi players went on strike because they had not been paid. In 1937, after a year of action, the Football Association accepted their demands. In that year, Maccabi Tel Aviv also won their first league title, in 1939, after the start of World War II, Maccabi won their second championship. At the end of the season, Maccabi went to another tour and they played 18 games, winning 11, losing 5 and drawing 2. The games were against State sides, regional sides and five tests against the Australian national team, winning one, drawing one, in 1941 Maccabi won their first double, Winning both the league and State Cup, beating Hapoel Tel Aviv, 2–1, in the final. Between 1941 and 1945 the league was suspended because of the war, in 1946, the league was still suspended but the State Cup returned with Maccabi beating Hapoel Rishon LeZion, 6–0, on aggregate in the final
Kfar Saba, officially Kefar Sava, is a city in the Sharon region, of the Central District of Israel. In 2015 it had a population of 96,922, the origins of the name are not known - in Hebrew it means grandfathers village. Kfar Saba also appears in the Talmud in connection to corn tithing, excavations on the site have revealed the remains of a large Roman bathhouse. In the Byzantine periods the ruins of the bathhouse were first converted into fish pools, in 1596, the Arab village of Kafr Saba was inhabited by 42 Muslim families. In the 1870s it was described as a mud village of moderate size with mud-ponds around it and good water in the wells of Neby Yemin, the Jewish town of Kfar Saba was established in 1898 on 7,500 dunams of land purchased from the Arab village. The Ottoman pasha of Nablus, to whose governorate the land belonged, refused to give building permits, therefore the first settlers lived in huts made of clay and they earned their living by growing almonds, grapes and olives. Most of the manual laborers on the land were peasants from Qalqilya, only in 1912 were permits given and the settlers moved to permanent housing. In the Palestine campaign of World War I, Kfar Saba was on the front line between General Allenbys British Army and the Ottoman army, and was destroyed, at the same time about a thousand residents of Tel Aviv and Jaffa came to live in the town. They had been deported from their homes by the Ottomans. Due to the Jaffa riots of 1921 these deportees returned to their original cities, in 1922 the original residents returned and in 1924 additional settlers joined them. In this period the cultivation of citrus fruit developed, the first elections for the local council were held. In August 1947, a Jewish man was shot to death outside the village. In December 1947, Arab and Jewish leaders in the area pledged to keep the peace between the local communities, in the months leading up to the 1948 war, Kfar Saba was attacked by local militia from Arab Kafr Saba. The Arab Liberation Army, an army consisting of volunteers from several neighboring Arab countries, in 1962 Kfar Saba was awarded city status, with head of the local council, Mordechai Surkis, becoming its first mayor. Located just across the Green Line from Kalkilya, Kfar Saba has been a frequent target of terrorist attacks, in May 2001, a Palestinian Arab suicide bomber wearing an explosive belt killed a doctor and wounded 50 at a bus stop in Kfar Saba. In March 2002, a Palestinian terrorist opened fire on passersby at an intersection, killing an Israeli girl. In April 2003, a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at the Kfar Saba train station during the rush hour, killing a security guard. The census of 1922 listed the population of Kfar Saba as 14 Jews, by the census of 1931 it had grown to 1405 inhabitants, in 395 houses
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their teams defenders and forwards, some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being mobile and efficient in passing, they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the teams formation, most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing teams attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who typically travel the greatest distance during a match, central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided roughly equally between attack and defence. When the opposing team has the ball, a midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward. The 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders, the 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, and in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder. The term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who have abilities and are skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots. A good box-to-box midfielder needs good passing, vision, control, stamina, tackling and marking in defence, left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch. They may be asked to cross the ball into the penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1, a notable example of a right midfielder is David Beckham. Defensive midfielders are players who focus on protecting their teams goal. These players may defend a zone in front of their teams defence, defensive midfielders may also move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude, The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someones position, great. A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of play, marking, tackling, interceptions, passing and great stamina. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their teams defence, a player in this role will try to protect their goal by disrupting the opponents attacking moves and stopping long shots on the goal. The holding midfielder may also have responsibilities when their team has the ball and this player will make mostly short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the teams strategy
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing teams goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards normally score more goals on behalf of their team than other players, modern team formations generally include one to three forwards, for example, the common 4–2–3–1 formation includes one forward. Unconventional formations may include more than three forwards, or none, the centre-forward is often a tall player, typically known as a target man, whose main function is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the strikers or central attacking midfielders. The present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder, a centre-forward usually must be strong, to win key headers and outmuscle defenders. The term centre-forward is taken from the football playing formation in which there were five forward players. The number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. Strikers are known for their ability to peel off defenders and to run into space via the side of the defender and to receive the ball in a good goalscoring position. They are typically fast players with ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short burst speed, a good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, and have the ability to pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. Deep-lying forwards have a history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years. Originally such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards, in fact, a coined term, the nine-and-a-half, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. In Italy, this role is known as a rifinitore or seconda punta, whereas in Brazil, it is known as segundo atacante. An outside forward plays as the forward on the right or left wing – as an outside right or outside left. As football tactics have largely developed, and wingers have dropped back to become midfielders, many commentators and football analysts still refer to the wing positions as outside right and outside left. However, in the British game they are counted as part of the midfield. It is a duty to beat opposing full-backs, deliver cut-backs or crosses from wide positions and, to a lesser extent, to beat defenders. They are usually some of the quickest players in the team, in their Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese usage, the defensive duties of the winger have been usually confined to pressing the opposition fullbacks when they have the ball
AC Sparta Prague
AC Sparta Prague is a Czech football club based in Prague. Sparta have also successful on the international stage, winning the Pequeña Copa del Mundo de Clubes. Sparta have won 36 domestic league titles, the Czech Cup 27 times, also a record, and the Czech Supercup twice. Sparta was long the main source for the Czech Republic national football team, however lately this has ceased to be the case, Sparta play at Pragues Generali Arena, also known as Letná Stadium. At the close of 1893, a group of young people based around three brothers – Václav, Bohumil and Rudolf Rudl – had the idea of setting up a sports club. On 16 November, the meeting approved the clubs articles of association and one month later, on 17 December. Soon after that, the Athletic Club Sparta came up with its tricolour, in which blue symbolises Europe, red is the symbol of the royal city, though the reason for the yellow is not known any more. At the very beginning of the football history, the players used to wear black jerseys with a big S on the front. They then played for two years in black-and-white striped jerseys, which returned to, wearing them as a reserve strip. In 1906, club president Dr. Petřík was in England where he saw the famous Arsenal play with their red jerseys, at that time, he did not realise he was setting up one of the clubs greatest traditions. Together with the red jerseys, Sparta players wear white shorts, shortly after World War I, a team was put together that triggered off the famous period of the 1920s and 30s referred to as Iron Sparta. A football league in Czechoslovakia was established in the mid-twenties and the collected title after title. To this day, the fans still recall the names of the players of that period with admiration, Peyer, Hojer, Perner, Káďa, Kolenatý, Červený. A few years later, some no less famous names appeared, such as Hochman, Burgr, Hajný, Šíma, Silný, Čtyřoký, Košťálek and in particular Oldřich Nejedlý, the top scorer at the 1934 FIFA World Cup. Shortly before this most famous era kicked off, Vlasta Burian, the milestones of the first golden period of the clubs history are two Central European Cup titles, which in the 20 and the 30s enjoyed the same recognition as that of todays Champions League. Spartas three titles are important milestones in the cups history, after two triumphs in 1927 and 1935, the third came in 1964, at a time when the cups importance was gradually falling behind that of other European cups. In 1946, AC Sparta toured Great Britain opening with a 2–2 draw against Arsenal on 2 October, on Thursday 16 February 2017, They suffered a humiliating defeat to Russian Minnows Rostov. Golden periods alternated with years when Sparta fans only nostalgically remembered the old times
Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C.
Maccabi Petah Tikva F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the city of Petah Tikva. It is part of the Maccabi sports club and currently plays in the Israeli Premier League. In 1921, after the death of founder member Avshalom Gisin during the 1921 Palestine riots, the club added his name to the name. In 1927 the club moved to the Maccabi Petah Tikva Ground, in 1935 they won their first piece of silverware, beating Hakoah Tel Aviv 1–0 in the cup final. In 1939 they reached the final again, but lost 2–1 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, the following year they won the Haaretz tournament. The club was included in the new Israeli League in 1949, in the next season they finished as runners-up to champions Maccabi Tel Aviv and also won the State Cup, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 1–0. In 1953–54 they also finished second with Eliezer Spiegel finishing as the top goalscorer on 16 goals from 22 matches. After several seasons of mid-table finishes, Maccabi finished bottom of the table in 1962–63 and were due to be relegated to Liga Alef, however, the Israel Football Association decided to expand the league from 12 to 15 clubs and they were spared demotion. However, the club was relegated at the end of the 1965–66 season after finishing second from bottom, after two seasons in Liga Alef the club returned to the top division in 1969. At the end of the 1970–71 season the club was relegated again after finishing second from bottom, although Maccabi finished bottom in 1974–75, they were again reprieved from relegation due to league expansion. However, after a performance in 1976–77 they did go down. After making another return to the top flight, the club maintained several mid-table finishes. In 1990 and 1991 the club won the Liga Artzit Toto Cup and they returned to the top division in 1991 and have remained there since. In 1995 the club won the top divisions Toto Cup for the first time, in 2001 the club reached the cup final for the first time in 49 years, losing 3–0 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 2003–04 they finished third, qualifying for the UEFA Cup, however, the home leg of their third qualifying round tie against SC Heerenveen was cancelled by UEFA due to a baggage handlers strike, and they lost the away leg 5–0. In 2004–05 the club finished second in the league and qualified for the UEFA Cup again and this time they were more successful, beating Macedonian side FK Baskimi 11–0 on aggregate, before knocking out Partizan Belgrade. However, in the stage they finished bottom having lost all four matches. As of 1 February 201604 – Morad Megamadov, Center back, the club played at the Maccabi Petah Tikva ground between 1926 and the 1970s
Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C.
Hapoel Tel-Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Tel Aviv. The club currently competes in the Israeli Premier League and plays its matches at the Bloomfield Stadium. To date, the club has won thirteen championships and sixteen State Cups, in 1967 Hapoel Tel Aviv became the first club to win the Asian Club Championships. It is also one of only 3 Israeli teams to have qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, the club name, Hapoel, translates to The Worker, and combined with its red Hammer and sickle crest represents the club ties to Socialism and working class. For seven decades, the club was owned by Israeli largest trade union, Hapoel Tel Aviv F. C. was originally established in 1923, but was disbanded soon after. The club was re-formed in 1925, and then for a time in May 1926. In 1927 the club merged with Allenby F. C. giving the club its modern form and it is part of the Hapoel sports association which was affiliated with the Histadrut trade union, and supporters of the club were often referred to as communists. In 1928 the club reached the Palestine Cup final, although they beat Maccabi Hasmonean Jerusalem 2–0, Hapoel fielded an ineligible player, resulting in the cup being shared. The 1934–35 season saw Hapoel led the table, but the championship was abandoned. The 1937–38 season ended the way, with Hapoel top of the league. In the meantime, the won the cup again in 1937,1938 and 1939. In 1939–40 they won their second championship, the following season no national championships were held, but the club won the tournament for Hapoel-affiliated clubs. Following Israeli independence, Hapoel joined the new Israeli League and they won the title in 1956–57 and the State Cup in 1961, beating Hapoel Petah Tikva 2–1. In the 1965–66 season Hapoel won the title, and qualified for the first Asian Club Championships, in the tournament Hapoel were given byes all the way to the final, where they beat Selangor 2–1 to become Asias first club champions. The club also reached the State Cup final that year, Hapoel won the title again in 1968–69, and again qualified for the Asian Club championships. Although they reached the final, they lost 2–1 to Iranian side Taj Club, the following season they reached the cup final again, but lost 1–0 to Hapoel Yehud. A hat-trick of cup final defeats was avoided when they beat Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–2 in the 1982 final, another title was won in 1985–86, and another in 1987–88. However, the following season Hapoel finished bottom of the league and were relegated to the second tier for the first time in their history
Israel national under-19 football team
Israels national Under-19 team, also known as Israel Under-19s or Israel U-19s, is considered to be the feeder team for the Israel national under-21 football team. This team is for Israeli players aged 19 or under at the start of a two-year UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship campaign, so players can be, also in existence are teams for Under-21s and Under-20s and Under 17s. As long as they are eligible, players can play at any level, making it possible to play for the U-19s, senior side and it is also possible to play for one country at youth level and another at senior level. Israel U-19s do not have a permanent home and they play in stadia dotted all around Israel in an attempt to encourage fans in all areas of the country to get behind Israel. Because of the lack of appeal compared to the national team. The idea to form a team first came about in 1957. The youth team, a squad, played its first match against its England equivalent on 20 May 1962. Two days later, the team recorded its first victory, winning 2–1 in a rematch against England, in 1964, the youth team participated for the first time in AFC Youth Championship, sharing the cup with Burma in its first tournament. The team went on to win the cup five times in the next 8 years. In 1992, as Israel was admitted to UEFA, the youth started participating in the UEFA European Under-19 Championship, UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship Israel national football team Israel national under-21 football team Israel national under-18 football team Israel national under-17 football team
Israel national under-21 football team
Israels national Under-21 team is considered to be the feeder team for the Israel national football team. It has recently qualified for the European Championships to be held in the Netherlands after beating the French under-21 team 2-1 on aggregate. This team is for Israeli players aged 21 or under at the start of a two-year UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship campaign, so players can be, also in existence are teams for Under-20s, Under-19s and Under 17s. As long as they are eligible, players can play at any level, making it possible to play for the U-21s, senior side and again for the U-21s and it is also possible to play for one country at youth level and another at senior level. The U-21 team came into existence, following the Israels acceptance as a member of UEFA. A draw in a qualifier against Greece in Greece was Israel U-21s first result, Israel U-21s do not have a permanent home. They play in stadia dotted all around Israel in an attempt to encourage fans in all areas of the country to get behind Israel, because of the lack of appeal compared to the senior national team, smaller grounds are used. There is no Under-21 World Cup, although there is an Under-20 World Cup, European U-21 teams compete for the European Championship, with the finals every even-numbered year. It will be held in odd-numbered years from 2007, Israel has never fared well in European Under-21 Football Championships. The current campaign started shortly after the 2006 finals - the qualification stage of the 2007 competition, UEFA have decided to shift the next tournament forward to avoid a clash with senior tournaments taking place in even-numbered years. The competition has therefore been reduced as qualifying must be completed in a less time. In their three-team qualification group, Israel finished ahead of Turkey, in the two-legged play-off against France for a place in the final stage, the team achieved a surprising 1-1 draw in France and won the home match 1-0, with Amir Taga scoring in stoppage time. Note, The year of the tournament represents the year in which it ends, note, Club represents the permanent clubs during the players time in the Under-21s. Note, Club represents the permanent clubs during the time in the Under-21s. The following players were named in the squad for friendly match against Cyprus
Israel national football team
The Israel national football team is the national football team of Israel, governed by the Israel Football Association. Israels national team is the successor of the Mandatory Palestine/Eretz Israel national team. The Israeli side qualified for their only FIFA World Cup to date in 1970, Israel also hosted and won the AFC Asian Cup in 1964, and was finalist in 1956 and in 1960. Football has a tradition in Israel. The game was introduced during the time of the Ottoman Empire. The British Mandate of Palestine national team made its debut against Egypt in 1934 FIFA World Cup qualification, the team played five international matches, including a friendly match against Lebanon, until the British Mandate for Palestine was dissolved. Upon the creation of the State of Israel in May 1948, the Israel national teams first match as an independent nation was on 26 September 1948, against the USA Olympic Team. The game was won by the USA 1–3, and in the 20th minute of the game Shmuel Ben-Dror scored the first goal after the creation of the State of Israel, Israel competed in the Asian Football Confederation between 1954 and 1974. Due to the Arab–Israeli conflict, several Muslim states refused to compete against Israel, Israel hosted and won the 1964 AFC Asian Cup. In 1968, Israel went to their first Olympic Games and lost to Bulgaria in the quarterfinals. In 1969, Israel qualified for its first and only FIFA World Cup, via Asia/Oceania, in 1976, Israel went to its second Olympic Games and lost in the quarterfinals again, this time against Brazil. In 1972 and 1977, it attempted World Cup qualification as part of Asia, in 1974, Israel was excluded from AFC competitions, as a result of a proposal by Kuwait which was adopted by a vote of 17 to 13 with 6 abstentions. The vote coincided with the 1974 Asian Games, where the competition was marred by the refusal of both North Korea and Kuwait to play second-round matches against Israel. During the 1980s, it played the majority of its matches against European teams, for the next two tournaments, it entered Oceanias qualification stage. In 1989, Israel made it to the CONMEBOL–OFC play-offs for the 1990 World Cup to play against Colombia, which qualified from the South American group, but lost. In 1991, Israeli clubs began participating in European club competitions, in 1994, Israel received full UEFA membership,20 years after it had left Asia. Within Europe, Israel has been a minor nation, though with some successes, notably winning 3–2 in Paris against France in 1993. That year, Israel made it to the playoffs of UEFA Euro 2000, the Swiss had a better goal difference, though, and advanced to the qualification play-off
Hebrew is a language native to Israel, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide, of whom over 5 million are in Israel. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, the earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family, Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language. Hebrew had ceased to be a spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt. Aramaic and to a lesser extent Greek were already in use as international languages, especially among elites and it survived into the medieval period as the language of Jewish liturgy, rabbinic literature, intra-Jewish commerce, and poetry. Then, in the 19th century, it was revived as a spoken and literary language, and, according to Ethnologue, had become, as of 1998, the language of 5 million people worldwide. After Israel, the United States has the second largest Hebrew-speaking population, with 220,000 fluent speakers, Modern Hebrew is one of the two official languages of the State of Israel, while premodern Hebrew is used for prayer or study in Jewish communities around the world today. Ancient Hebrew is also the tongue of the Samaritans, while modern Hebrew or Arabic is their vernacular. For this reason, Hebrew has been referred to by Jews as Leshon Hakodesh, the modern word Hebrew is derived from the word Ivri, one of several names for the Israelite people. It is traditionally understood to be a based on the name of Abrahams ancestor, Eber. This name is based upon the root ʕ-b-r meaning to cross over. Interpretations of the term ʕibrim link it to this verb, cross over, in the Bible, the Hebrew language is called Yәhudit because Judah was the surviving kingdom at the time of the quotation. In Isaiah 19,18 it is called the Language of Canaan, Hebrew belongs to the Canaanite group of languages. In turn, the Canaanite languages are a branch of the Northwest Semitic family of languages, according to Avraham ben-Yosef, Hebrew flourished as a spoken language in the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah during about 1200 to 586 BCE. Scholars debate the degree to which Hebrew was a vernacular in ancient times following the Babylonian exile. In July 2008 Israeli archaeologist Yossi Garfinkel discovered a ceramic shard at Khirbet Qeiyafa which he claimed may be the earliest Hebrew writing yet discovered, dating around 3000 years ago. The Gezer calendar also dates back to the 10th century BCE at the beginning of the Monarchic Period, classified as Archaic Biblical Hebrew, the calendar presents a list of seasons and related agricultural activities. The Gezer calendar is written in an old Semitic script, akin to the Phoenician one that through the Greeks, the Gezer calendar is written without any vowels, and it does not use consonants to imply vowels even in the places where later Hebrew spelling requires it
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F.C.
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F. C. commonly known as just Bnei Yehuda, is an Israeli football club from the Hatikva Quarter of Tel Aviv. The club is currently a member of the Israeli Premier League, the club was formed in January 1936 by Nathan Sulami and his friends. It was named after Judah, because the decision on its formation occurred during the week when the Torah portion of Vayigash is read in the Synagogue, Sulami and his friends were first promoted to the top division in 1959. Two seasons later they narrowly avoided relegation, finishing second from bottom, in 1965 the club reached the State Cup final for the first time, but lost 2–1 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 1968 they reached the final again, this time beating Hapoel Petah Tikva to claim their first piece of major silverware, after several near-misses, the club was relegated at the end of the 1971–72 season after finishing second from bottom. However, they made a return as Liga Alef champions but were relegated again in 1976. In the 1977–78 season the club were promoted back to the top division as Liga Artzit champions, and also reached the State Cup final, the following season the club finished fourth in Liga Leumit. The 1980–81 season was the clubs best so far, managed by Shlomo Sharf they finished second in the league and reached the cup final again, this time beating Hapoel Tel Aviv 4–3 after a penalty shootout. However, the success was not maintained, and they were relegated at the end of the 1983–84 season, the club made an immediate return as Liga Artzit champions and finished second in 1986–87. The 1989–90 season saw the club win its first, and to date only, two seasons later they won the Toto Cup for the first time, repeating the feat in 1997. The 2000–01 season saw Bnei Yehuda finish second from bottom of the Premier League, however, they made an immediate return as Liga Leumit runners-up. The club have remained in the Premier League since, in 2005–06 they reached the cup final, losing 1–0 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, but also qualifying for Europe for the first time. In the 2006–07 UEFA Cup they lost 6–0 on aggregate to Lokomotiv Sofia and had to play their match in Senec in Slovakia due to security concerns. In the 2009–10 season Bnei Yehuda reached the European League play-off, after starting in the first qualifying round, the following season they reached the second qualifying round of the Europa League, but lost to Shamrock Rovers. From 2009–10 to the 2012–13 season, Bnei Yehuda managed to finish regularly in the top 3–4 ranks of the Israeli Premier League which won her participation in the European League qualifying, following the success, the group became a springboard for players. Many players who were remarkable in the ranks of Bnei Yehuda have moved or were sold to bigger clubs, in the 2013–14 season, Bnei Yehuda finished bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. However, they made a return to the Premier League as the 2014–15 Liga Leumit champions. For most of its existence, Bnei Yehuda played at the Hatikva Neighborhood Stadium in the Hatikva Quarter of Tel Aviv
Israeli Premier League
The Israeli Premier League is an Israeli professional league for association football clubs. It is the highest tier of the professional Israeli football league system, contested by 14 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Liga Leumit. Seasons run from August to May, with teams playing 32 matches each, five games are played on Saturdays, with one game played on Sundays and one game on Mondays. It is sponsored by Toto Winner and therefore known as Ligat Winner. The competition formed on 1999 following the decision of the Israeli Football Association to form a new league, since 1923, a total of 14 clubs have been crowned champions of the Israeli football system. The current champions are Hapoel Beer Sheva, who won the 2015–16 season, the Israeli Premier League was created in 1999 to replace Liga Leumit when the Israel Football Association decided to reshuffle all the leagues in hopes of improving competition. In its first season there were 14 clubs, the top thirteen clubs from the 1998–99 season and that season three clubs were relegated and one from Liga Leumit was promoted. Over the years the league has changed names though the new names were simply commercial rebranding, including Ligat Pelephone, Ligat Toto, there are 14 clubs in the league. At the end of season, the two lowest-placed teams are relegated to Liga Leumit while two highest-placed teams of Liga Leumit are promoted in their place. For the 2012–13 season the league was decreased from 16 to 14 clubs as a result of reforms passed by the IFA on 27 June 2011, the participating clubs first play a conventional round-robin schedule for a total of 26 matches. Following this, the top six teams play in a championship playoff, upon its conclusion, the first place team wins the Israeli championship and qualifies to participate in the second qualifying round of the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League. The runners-up and the third-placed teams qualify for the qualifying round of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League. In Addition, the Israeli State Cup winners qualify for the qualifying round of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League. If the State Cup winners are also one of the teams to finish in the top three places then the fourth-placed team will also play in Europa League. In case the State Cup winners also win the Israeli Premier League then the league team will play in Europa League second qualifying round. In addition, the eight teams will play each other once to avoid two relegation spots. A total of 27 clubs have played in the Israeli Premier League from its inception in 1999, for a list of winners and runners-up of the Israeli Premier League since its inception, and top scorers for each season, see List of Israeli football champions. Four clubs have been members of the Israeli Premier League for every season since its inception and this group is composed of Beitar Jerusalem, Hapoel Tel Aviv, Maccabi Haifa, and Maccabi Tel Aviv
Omer Damari is an Israeli footballer who plays for Israeli Premier League club Maccabi Haifa and for the Israel national team as a striker. Omer grew up in the ranks for Maccabi Petah Tikva. Due to his speed and ball skills he was deployed in wide midfield mostly and he made 146 appearances for Maccabi, starting 88 matches, with 58 substitute appearances and scoring 34 goals. On 3 July 2011, Damari moved to Hapoel Tel Aviv costing €1.5 million, Damari helped Hapoel to the Israel State Cup during his first year at the club. He made 101 league appearance for Hapoel, scoring 56 goals in the process, during the 2013/14 season he scored a career high 26 league goals and 31 in all competitions. His fine play during the season led to interest from clubs throughout Europe. In July 2014 Damari signed with Austria Wien, on 9 August 2014 Damari made his first appearance for the club scoring the opening goal for Wien in a 2-2 draw with SC Wiener Neustadt. He ended the season scoring 10 goals in 15 appearances, in January 2015 Damari signed with RB Leipzig of the 2. On 30 July 2015 Damari was loaned to sister club FC Red Bull Salzburg for one season, Damari established himself as a starter for Salzburg but was limited to 16 league games due to injury in which he managed to score 4 goals and provide 4 assists. He helped the club to the league and cup title during his loan spell, on 4 August 2016 Damari was once again sent on loan by RB Leipzig, this time to New York Red Bulls. Damari made his debut for New York on August 13 coming on in the half in a 3-1 victory against the Montreal Impact. The following week, Damari scored his first goal for the club in a 1-1 draw against Alianza F. C. in the CONCACAF Champions League, on 12 January 2017 Damari has signed a contract with Maccabi Haifa. During the 2010–11 Israeli Premier League season Damari scored 15 goals and was called up for the team for the first time. On 17 November 2010 he made his debut in a friendly against Iceland at Bloomfield Stadium in Tel Aviv, Damari was selected by Eli Guttman for UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying. On 13 October 2014, he scored a hat-trick in a 4–1 away win over Andorra, Hapoel Tel Aviv Israel State Cup,2012 Red Bull Salzburg Austrian Bundesliga, 2015–16 Austrian Cup, 2015–16 As of 13 August 2016 Omer Damari at Soccerway weltfussball. de profile
The Toto Cup is an association football tournament that exists separately in the two highest divisions in Israel, the Premier League and Liga Leumit. From 1999 to 2009, the Toto Cup tournament was held for the third division which was later canceled due to the cancellation of Liga Artzit. However, the Israeli Sports Betting Council pays 1.25 million NIS for the winner, League cups, in different formats, were played in Israel irregularly since the 1950s. In 1975–76 a League Cup competition was played, won by Hapoel Hadera and Maccabi Ramat Amidar, in 1982 the IFA introduced a league cup, called Lilian Cup, after former IFA treasurer Yehuda Lilian, who died in February 1982. The competition, played at the beginning of the season, involved the top four teams from previous season and its format was changed during its years of play, at times being played in league format and at times being played as a knock-out competition. The competition was last played in 1989–90 and this cup is sometimes being referred as a predecessor of the Toto Cup, but these competitions are unconnected. In 1984–85 the IFA introduced a League Cup competition for the two top tiers of the Israeli football league system. The first round of the competition was played on 30 October 1984, while the first finals, played on 7 May 1985, was won by Maccabi Yavne and Hapoel Ashkelon. The IFA and the Israeli Sports Betting Council reached an agreement in October 2013, the group stages are usually played before the opening of the football leagues and take place from August to October, and the finals take place in January. The 14 teams in league are divided into three groups, Five teams in two groups, and four teams in one group, each team plays against each team once. The two teams placed last in group are eliminated with the rest of teams advance to the quarterfinals. The group stages are played before the opening of the football leagues and take place from August to September. The 16 teams in league are divided into four groups, four teams in each group, each team plays against each team once, making a total of three games for each team. The best two teams in each group advances to the quarterfinals, until 2009, the eight teams that played in the quarterfinals played in a regular knock-out, two meetings for each team in the quarterfinals. Each team played one meeting at their home in the order determined in a raffle, since the 2012–13 season, Al teams play each other twice in the quarterfinals while Leumit play each other once. The four winning teams who progressed to the play against their opponent once. The two winners reaches the final and the winner is the cup winner. The final and the Toto Cup semifinals are all played in the same stadium, from the quarterfinals and above if a match is drawn, the game is settled with extra time and penalty shootouts
Maccabi Netanya F.C.
Maccabi Netanya F. C. is an Israeli football club based in Netanya. Established in 1934, the club was a member of the Israeli League in 1949. After winning their first championship in 1971, the golden period lasted until the late 1980s. The club was established in the year 1934 as a Mandatory Palestinian Club and initially played in green, the clubs first season was in 1935–36 when they played in Liga Gimel which back then was the third tier in Israeli football. They became founder members of the Israeli League in 1949, and in 1954 reached the State Cup final for the first time, in 1961–62 the club finished bottom of Liga Leumit and were relegated to Liga Alef. They returned to the top division in 1964, after a third-placed finish in 1968–69, the 1970–71 season saw Netanya win their first title by a margin of eleven points, back then the largest in Israeli football history. They also reached the State Cup final, but lost 2–1 to Maccabi Tel Aviv, in 1972–73 Neyanya finished thirteenth in Liga Leumit, avoiding relegation by only two points. However, the season they won their second title. In 1975 they changed their kit to play in black and yellow and they won a third title in 1977–78, and completed the double by beating Bnei Yehuda 2–1 in the State Cup final. They also finished as winners of their group in the UEFA Intertoto Cup, a fourth championship was won in 1979–80 by a margin of ten points, whilst their fifth title, in 1982–83 was won by a fourteen-point margin. In the same season won the League Cup, a feat repeated the following year. In 1986–87 and 1988–89 they reached the League Cup final, in 1994–95 Netanya finished bottom of Liga Leumit and were relegated to Liga Artzit, in the same season the youth team won the youth championship. After winning the league in 1998–99 they returned to the top division, in December 2005 Daniel Jammer, a Jewish German businessman bought the club for a fee of $1,500,000. In 2006–07 the club finished as Premier League runners-up, a feat repeated the following season, in April 2008 Lothar Matthäus was appointed manager. Although the club led the league in the part of the 2008–09 season, they eventually finished fourth. The 2010–11 season saw the club finishing sixth in the top playoff games, the next season Netanya finished in the fourth place when they shared the same amount of points as the runners-up. This was quite an achievement considering the fact that the club didnt have a stable budget behind them or an owner to invest in the club and they were relegated again in 2012–13 after finishing second from bottom. In August 2013 Eli Segav and Yossi Maor took over as the new owners of the club, the club got relegated again at the end of the 2015–16 season
Luxembourg /ˈlʌksəmbɜːrɡ/, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east and its culture, people and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it essentially a mixture of French and Germanic cultures. It comprises two regions, the Oesling in the north as part of the Ardennes massif. With an area of 2,586 square kilometres, it is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe, Luxembourg had a population of 524,853 in October 2012, ranking it the 8th least-populous country in Europe. As a representative democracy with a monarch, it is headed by a Grand Duke, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Luxembourg is a country, with an advanced economy and the worlds highest GDP per capita. Luxembourg is a member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux, reflecting its political consensus in favour of economic, political. The city of Luxembourg, which is the capital and largest city, is the seat of several institutions. Luxembourg served on the United Nations Security Council for the years 2013 and 2014, around this fort, a town gradually developed, which became the centre of a state of great strategic value. In the 14th and early 15th centuries, three members of the House of Luxembourg reigned as Holy Roman Emperors, in the following centuries, Luxembourgs fortress was steadily enlarged and strengthened by its successive occupants, the Bourbons, Habsburgs, Hohenzollerns and the French. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Luxembourg was disputed between Prussia and the Netherlands and this arrangement was revised by the 1839 First Treaty of London, from which date Luxembourgs full independence is reckoned. In 1842 Luxembourg joined the German Customs Union, the King of the Netherlands remained Head of State as Grand Duke of Luxembourg, maintaining a personal union between the two countries until 1890. At the death of William III, the throne of the Netherlands passed to his daughter Wilhelmina and this allowed Germany the military advantage of controlling and expanding the railways there. In August 1914, Imperial Germany violated Luxembourgs neutrality in the war by invading it in the war against France and this allowed Germany to use the railway lines, while at the same time denying them to France. Nevertheless, despite the German occupation, Luxembourg was allowed to maintain much of its independence, in 1940, after the outbreak of World War II, Luxembourgs neutrality was again violated when the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany entered the country, entirely without justification. A government in exile based in London supported the Allies, sending a group of volunteers who participated in the Normandy invasion. Luxembourg was liberated in September 1944, and became a member of the United Nations in 1945. Luxembourgs neutral status under the constitution formally ended in 1948, in 2005, a referendum on the EU treaty establishing a constitution for Europe was held
F91 Dudelange is a football club, based in Dudelange, in southern Luxembourg. Dudelanges team colors are red-and-yellow vertically striped shirts, with red shorts and it was formed in 1991 from the clubs Alliance Dudelange, Stade Dudelange, and US Dudelange. Turning the club into a team took a while. Stade Dudelange and US Dudelange had been in Luxembourgs third tier, the new club would take Alliances place in the Division of Honour in the 1991–92 season. F91 was promoted in its first season, and soon established itself as a competent top-flight team, towards the end of the 1990s, Dudelange gradually improved, and brought to an end Jeunesse Eschs era of dominance by storming to the 1999–00 league title by eleven points. In 2004–05, Dudelange won the title and competed in the UEFA Champions League for the 2005–06 season, in the competition Dudelange became the first club in Luxembourgs history to reach the second qualifying round, after a remarkable victory over NK Zrinjski. However, in the qualifying round, Dudelange was easily beaten by Rapid Wien. In the 2005–06 season, Dudelange completed the league and cup Double for the first time since the merger and they replicated this feat in the 2006–07 season, and won a fourth consecutive National Division title in 2007–08. In the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League, F91 Dudelange defeated Tre Penne 11–0 on aggregate and they defeated Salzburg 1–0 in Luxemburg, and lost 3-4 in Salzburg, to win the tie on the away goal rule. For the first time in history, Dudelange qualified for the third round of the competition. In 2013–14, Dudelange reclaimed the title with a 3–0 victory over Fola Esch on the day of the season. This earned the club a spot in the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League, as of 9 July 2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Hapoel Rishon LeZion F.C.
Hapoel Rishon LeZion F. C. is an Israeli football club which currently plays in Liga Leumit, Israels second football division. Home matches are hosted at the Haberfeld Stadium, in 1991, the club changed its name to Hapoel Ironi Rishon LeZion, and in June 2008 the name was switched back to Hapoel Rishon LeZion following a change in ownership. Hapoel Rishon LeZion was one of the first clubs in the history of football in Israel. The football section of the Sports club was established in 1929, the club was formally established in 1940. Its best achievements were runner-up of the Israel State Cup in 1946 and 1996, on both occasions it lost to Maccabi Tel Aviv. Following its cup final in 1996, it played in UEFA Cup Winners Cup, in 1951–52, the club finished second bottom and dropped to the second tier. Between 1952 and 1994 the club played just three seasons in the top division, 1978-79, 1980–81 and 1981–82, in 2008–09, after the club changed its name back to Hapoel Rishon LeZion, it was promoted to Liga Leumit, the second tier. In 2010–11, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League and they were relegated back to Liga Leumit the following season. The club is known with their previous name Hapoel Ironi Rishon LeZion. On 4 December 2012, Hapoel Rishon LeZion won the 2012–13 Toto Cup Leumit, as to 19 March 2017 Arik Gilrovich Nissan Yehezkel Eyal Lahman Sharon Mimer Ofir Haim Gili Levanda Nir Berkovic Official Site fans Official Site
Hapoel Acre F.C.
Hapoel Acre Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Acre, Israel. The club is currently in Liga Leumit, founded in 1946, the club dwelt in the lower leagues until they won Liga Bet North A in the 1962–63 season and promoted for the first time to Liga Alef, the second division by then. In 1973–74, they won Liga Alef North division, however, the Israel Football Association decided that season on promotion play-off, involving the top 2 clubs in each Liga Alef division, and the bottom two clubs in Liga Leumit. After finishing in 5th position, they were not promoted, after second-place finish in the 1974–75 season, Hapoel won Liga Alef North division in the 1975–76 and were promoted to the top division for the first time. After finishing 11th in their first season, they won two matches the next season, and were relegated to Liga Artzit, which was the new second division at the time. This proved to be their last appearance in the top division for the next 31 years, in 1982–83 the club had dropped into Liga Alef, the third tier at the time. In 1998–99 they were promoted to Liga Artzit, however, in 2003–04, the club finished as runners-up, and were promoted back to Liga Leumit. In 2005–06, the club won their first ever piece of silverware, in 2008–09, the club finished as runners-up, and promoted to the Premier League. In the 2010–11 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, on 3 June 2013, an agreement was signed between Hapoel Acre association and the municipality of Acre, and as a result, a new association was appointed by the municipality. In the 2012–13 and 2014–15 seasons, the club finished at the bottom of the league at the end of the regular season, however, they avoided relegation in both occasions, following a strong finish of the bottom play-offs. In the 2015–16 season, the finished second bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. The clubs traditional ground was the 5, 000-seat Napoleon Stadium in Acre, whilst the ground was being refurbished, the club played in Nazareth Illit at Green Stadium shared with Hapoel Nazareth Illit in the 2009–10 and the 2010–11 seasons. In the 2011–12 season the club played in the first month at Ilut Stadium in Ilut, located near Nazareth in northern Israel, as of 21 June 2016 Momi Zafran Yaron Hochenboim Eli Cohen Shimon Hadari Yuval Naim Alon Harazi Shlomi Dora Yaron Hochenboim Momi Zafran Shlomi Dora Club website
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona F.C.
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Kiryat Shmona. The club are members of the Israeli Premier League and play at the Ironi Stadium. They won their first league title in 2011–12, the merger was initiated by businessman Izzy Sheratzky owner of Ituran Location and Control, who are the official sponsors of the team. In the new clubs first season won the North Division of Liga Alef and were promoted to Liga Artzit. In 2002–03 they finished as runners-up to Hakoah Ramat Gan and were promoted to Liga Leumit, in their first season at the second level they narrowly missed out on promotion, only finishing below runners-up Hapoel Nazareth Illit on goal difference. They finished third again in 2005–06, but won the league in 2006–07 to earn promotion to the Israeli Premier League, in the same season they also won the Liga Leumit Toto Cup. The clubs first season in the Premier League saw them finish third, in their first season in Europe, home matches had to be played at the Kiryat Eliezer Stadium in Haifa. After knocking out FK Mogren, they lost to Litex Lovech in the qualifying round. In 2008–09, the finished bottom of the Premier League and were relegated to Liga Leumit. However, the season they won the division and were promoted back to the Premier League. On 15 December 2009, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the 2009–10 Toto Cup Leumit, on 19 January 2011, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the 2010–11 Toto Cup Al, a year after winning the Leumit version of the cup, it was their first major title. In addition, Ironi Kiryat Shmona became the first team to win both first and second Toto Cup trophy in a back-to-back year, on 24 January 2012, Ironi Kiryat Shmona defended their Toto Cup Al by beating Hapoel Tel Aviv in the 2011–12 Toto Cup Al finals. On 2 April 2012, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the Israeli Premier League and they won the league after finishing their match against runner-up Hapoel Tel Aviv in a goalless draw with five rounds left in the league. Their championship was the first to be won by a team outside the three cities for almost 30 years. On 20 May 2012, The club changed its badge due to UEFA sponsorship rules which forbids the use of a name in both the kit and team badge. Only up to six non-Israeli nationals can be in an Israeli club squad
UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying
The draw for the qualifying rounds was held on 7 February 2010 in the Congress Hall of the Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw, with matches set to take place between August 2010 and November 2011. Six of these groups had six teams, the three groups consisted of five teams. Group competition was a round robin, each team hosted a game with every other team in its group. The first-place team in each group qualified, along with the team with the most points against teams ranked in the top five in the group. The remaining eight teams were paired for two-game play-offs, with the winner of each total goals tie qualifying for the finals. The two host countries completed the field of sixteen teams, the pot allocations for the qualifying group stage draw were based on the UEFA national team coefficient rankings as of the end of 2009. The sole exception was the placement of Spain, as reigning European champions. Each nations coefficient was generated by calculating, 40% of the ranking points per game earned in the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage. 40% of the ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying stage. 20% of the ranking points per game earned in the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage. Notes The co-hosts Ukraine and Poland, which qualified automatically, were ranked 19th, before the draw UEFA confirmed that, for political reasons, Armenia would not be drawn against Azerbaijan and Georgia would not be drawn against Russia. If two or more teams are equal on points on completion of the matches, the following criteria are applied to determine the rankings. This was in order to players a extra day to return to their clubs for domestic duty the following week. Consequently, teams were permitted to move the weekend match forward to the Friday evening. * The Italy v Serbia match was abandoned after six minutes due to rioting by Serbian fans, the UEFA Control and Disciplinary Body awarded the match as a 3–0 forfeit win to Italy. The highest ranked second placed team from the groups qualified automatically for the tournament, as some groups contain six teams and some five, matches against the sixth-placed team in each group were not included in this ranking. As a result, a total of eight matches played by each team count toward the purpose of the ranking table. The four winners are found according to the rules for the knockout phase in European competitions
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi, Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres, and its 2016 population is about 3.72 million. Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy, during the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia. The kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia adopted Christianity in the early 4th century, a unified Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Thereafter the kingdom declined and eventually disintegrated under hegemony of various powers, including the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire. Russian rule over Georgia was eventually acknowledged in various treaties with Iran. Since the establishment of the modern Georgian republic in April 1991, post-communist Georgia suffered from civil, the countrys Western orientation soon led to the worsening of relations with Russia, culminating in the brief Russo-Georgian War in August 2008. Georgia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and it contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. Georgia and a part of the international community consider the regions to be part of Georgias sovereign territory under Russian military occupation. Georgia probably stems from the Persian designation of the Georgians – gurğān, in the 11th and 12th centuries adapted via Syriac gurz-ān/gurz-iyān, starting with the Persian word gurğ/gurğān, the word was later adopted in numerous other languages, including Slavic and West European languages. This term itself might have established through the ancient Iranian appellation of the near-Caspian region. The self-designation used by ethnic Georgians is Kartvelebi, the medieval Georgian Chronicles present an eponymous ancestor of the Kartvelians, Kartlos, a great-grandson of Japheth. However, scholars agree that the word is derived from the Karts, the name Sakartvelo consists of two parts. Its root, kartvel-i, specifies an inhabitant of the core central-eastern Georgian region of Kartli, ancient Greeks and Romans referred to early western Georgians as Colchians and eastern Georgians as Iberians. Today the full, official name of the country is Georgia, before the 1995 constitution came into force the countrys name was the Republic of Georgia. The territory of modern-day Georgia was inhabited by Homo erectus since the Paleolithic Era, the proto-Georgian tribes first appear in written history in the 12th century BC. The earliest evidence of wine to date has found in Georgia. In fact, early metallurgy started in Georgia during the 6th millennium BC, the classical period saw the rise of a number of early Georgian states, the principal of which was Colchis in the west and Iberia in the east
Bloomfield Stadium is a 14, 413-seat football stadium in the Tel Aviv District city of Jaffa, Israel. It is the stadium of Maccabi Tel Aviv, Hapoel Tel Aviv. Bloomfield Stadium was built on the land where Basa Stadium, home to Hapoel Tel Aviv since 1950, the First match at the new stadium was 1–1 drew between Hapoel and Shimshon Tel Aviv on 13 October 1962. The stadium officially opened on 13 December 1962 on a match between Hapoel and Dutch club Sportclub Enschede. In 2000, Hapoels city rivals, Maccabi moved into Bloomfield after hosting many of their matches at the national stadium, in 2004, Bnei Yehuda moved into Bloomfield making it the only stadium in the top three divisions of Israeli football to have three tenants. In September 2010, Bloomfield was granted Category 4 status by UEFA and it was one of four venues at the 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship, holding three matches in Group A. Since 2016, it has been under renovation for expansion to 29,000 seats, as a result, the three clubs will play their home games in Petah Tikva and Netanya until 2018. The stadium has hosted acts such as Phil Collins, The Black Eyed Peas, Scorpions, Barbra Streisand, Rihanna. Gate 1 – VIP section, media stand and seating area of all gold tier season ticket holders for all three tenants, gates 4–5 – Hapoel stands, during Maccabi games, is used for away stands, depending on the game. Gate 8 – Home stand for Hapoel, Maccabi and Bnei Yehuda, gates 10–11 – Home to Maccabis supporters. In Hapoel matches, this stand is used for visiting supporters, gate 13 – Home stand for Hapoel, Maccabi and Bnei Yehuda
Tel Aviv-Yafo is a major city in Israel, located on the countrys Mediterranean coastline. It is the center and the technology hub of Israel, with a population of 432,892. Tel Aviv is the largest city in the Gush Dan region of Israel, Tel Aviv is also a focal point in the high-tech concentration known as the Silicon Wadi. Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, headed by Ron Huldai, Tel Aviv is a global city, and is the thirty eighth most important financial center in the world. Tel Aviv is known to have the third-largest economy of any city in the Middle East after Abu Dhabi and Kuwait City, the city receives over a million international visitors annually. Known as The City that Never Sleeps and a party capital, it has a lively nightlife, the city was founded in 1909 by Jewish immigrants on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa. It is named after the Hebrew translation of Theodor Herzls 1902 novel, Altneuland, the modern citys first neighbourhoods had already been established in 1886, the first being Neve Tzedek. Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced Jaffas, Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the establishment of the State of Israel. Tel Avivs White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, Tel Aviv is the Hebrew title of Theodor Herzls Altneuland, translated from German by Nahum Sokolow. The name was chosen in 1910 from several suggestions, including Herzliya and it was found fitting as it embraced the idea of a renaissance in the ancient Jewish homeland. Aviv is Hebrew for spring, symbolizing renewal, and tel is a man-made mound accumulating layers of civilization built one over the other and symbolizing the ancient. Although founded in 1909 as a settlement on the sand dunes North of Jaffa. The marketing pamphlets advocating for its establishment in 1906, wrote, In this city we will build the streets so they have roads and sidewalks and electric lights. Every house will have water wells that will flow through pipes as in every modern European city. Since 1886, Jewish settlers had founded new neighborhoods outside Jaffa on the current territory of Tel Aviv, the first was Neve Tzedek, built on lands owned by Aharon Chelouche and inhabited primarily by Mizrahi Jews. Other neighborhoods were Neve Shalom, Yafa Nof, Achva, Ohel Moshe, Kerem HaTeimanim, once Tel Aviv received city status in the 1920s, those neighborhoods joined the newly formed municipality, now becoming separated from Jaffa. The Second Aliyah led to further expansion, in 1906, a group of Jews, among them residents of Jaffa, followed the initiative of Akiva Aryeh Weiss and banded together to form the Ahuzat Bayit society. The societys goal was to form a Hebrew urban centre in an environment, planned according to the rules of aesthetics
Georgia national football team
The Georgia national football team is the national association football team of Georgia and is controlled by the Georgian Football Federation. The Georgian teams first match took place in 1990, while Georgia was still part of the Soviet Union, the team have attempted to qualify for each major tournament from Euro 1996 onwards, but have not achieved qualification yet. Home games are played at the Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena in Tbilisi, the history of Georgia national football team began in 1990, when the team played their first international match against Lithuania, the first country to accept an invitation. The match was held on May 27,1990 on national stadium, Georgia were coached by Givi Nodia. The friendly match ended in a 2–2 draw and this was the only match prior to the declaration of independence on April 9,1991. Soon afterwards the team played friendly match against Moldova. The Georgian Football Federation became a member of both UEFA and FIFA in 1992, enabling Georgia to play competitive matches, the first of these came in September 1994, a 1–0 defeat to Moldova as part of the qualifiers for Euro 1996. Georgia finished third in their group, ahead of Moldova and Wales, Georgia failed to qualify for 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, obtaining 10 points and finishing in fourth place, level on points with Poland. At this time Georgia reached forty-second place in FIFA rankings, in the Euro 2000 qualifying Georgia national team won one match, drew two and finished bottom of the group with five points. This marked the beginning of a period of decline for Georgian football, the team finished fifth with seven points in their qualifying group for Euro 2004, although they defeated Russia with a goal scored by Malkhaz Asatiani. In the FIFA World Cup 2006 qualifiers Georgia beat Albania 2–0 at home and they finished sixth with ten points in Group 2. Georgia were sixth out of seven teams in the UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying group with ten points and they defeated Scotland 2–0 at home and the Faroe Islands 6–0 away and 3–1 at home. Héctor Cúper became the manager of Georgia in August 2008, during the qualification round for the FIFA2010 World Cup Georgia failed to win any matches and finished sixth with three points. Cuper didnt extend his contract and on November 6,2009 Temur Ketsbaia was appointed as the coach of the Georgian national football team. Ketsbaia resigned as manager after a 4–0 defeat at home to Poland in the Euro 2016 qualifiers on November 14,2014, in June 2016, Georgian team made a stunt by winning against reigning European champions Spain 1–0. The following players have not been called up for the matches but have been called up for the team in the last 12 months. INJ Withdrew due to an injury, lists of 10 players with the most caps and top goalscorers for Georgia, as of 24 March 2017, As of 28 March 2017 As of 28 March 2017 Georgias kit are currently supplied by German brand Adidas. They replaced German company Jako who supplied Georgias kits between 2008 and 2013
The Pancyprian Gymnastic Association Stadium is a football stadium in Nicosia, Cyprus. Although small by standards, it is the largest stadium in Cyprus. It serves as the stadium for the two Nicosias biggest clubs APOEL and Omonia. It is also the stadium of the Cyprus national football team. A stadium under the name, the old GSP Stadium. David Architects, the new GSP Stadium opened for use on 6 October 1999, the complex has three arenas, a football stadium, an athletics stadium and an auxiliary football pitch intended for training. The stadium is owned by the Pancyprian Gymnastic Association, with an official seating capacity of 22,859 the new GSP is the largest football venue in Cyprus. It is located at the entrance to Nicosia and was inaugurated in 1999 by the then President, Glafcos Clerides, the first game held on 6 October 1999 and there was a friendly match between APOEL and Omonia, which ended 3–3. Since then, the stadium is not only the home of Nicosian teams, during the World Cup 2006 qualifying round it was used as home for all matches of Cyprus. The stadium is the one in Cyprus which satisfies UEFA Criteria. For this reason since 2004 it is used as home for all the teams of Cyprus in European Cups, annually, the stadium hosts the Cypriot Super Cup. Also until 2005, it was hosting annually the Cypriot Cup final, in 2002 the stadium was home for Israeli clubs for the UEFA Cup and UEFA Champions League matches. It hosted the UEFA Cup quarter final between Hapoel Tel Aviv and AC Milan and it was also used by Maccabi Haifa for home stadium for the 2002–03 UEFA Champions League group stage matches and for the UEFA Cup matches. Some matches were attractive for Cypriots like the matches Maccabi Haifa-Olympiacos CFP and Maccabi Haifa-Manchester United and its the only stadium in Cyprus build only for track & field games. In addition with the hotel, it provides a training centre solution for athletes all over the world. During the Athens 2004 Olympic Games many athletes from different countries used the stadium for training, in 2001 Bruno Zauli, took place here with great success. The GSP Stadium hosted all matches of Anorthosis Famagustas 2008–09 UEFA Champions League group stage campaign. Two years later, it hosted all APOELs home matches in the surprising run to the quarter-finals of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League
Nicosia is the largest city on the island of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos, Nicosia is the capital and seat of government of the Republic of Cyprus, and as such is the farthest southeast of all EU member states capitals. It has been inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities of Nicosia segregated into the south and north of the city respectively in 1963, following the intercommunal violence that broke out in the city. Today, the part of the city is the capital of Northern Cyprus. Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the financial capital. In 2012, Nicosia was the 5th richest city in the world in purchasing power. Nicosia has been in continuous habitation since the beginning of the Bronze Age 2500 years BC, Nicosia later became a city-state known as Ledra or Ledrae, one of the twelve kingdoms of ancient Cyprus built by Achaeans after the end of the Trojan War. Remains of old Ledra today can be found in the Ayia Paraskevi hill in the south east of the city and we only know about one king of Ledra, Onasagoras. The kingdom of Ledra was destroyed early, under Assyrian rule of Cyprus, Onasagoras was recorded as paying tribute to Esarhaddon of Assyria in 672 BC. By 330 BC, Ledra was recorded to be a small an unimportant town, according to tradition, the city was rebuilt by Leucus, claimed to be the son of Ptolemy I, around 300 BC or 200 BC, and named after him as Leucoton or Lefkotheon. The main activity of the inhabitants was farming. During this era, Ledra did not have the growth that the other Cypriot coastal towns had. In Byzantine times the town was referred to as Λευκωσία or as Καλληνίκησις. In the 4th century AD, the became the seat of bishopric, with bishop Saint Tryphillius. After the destruction of Salamis, the capital of Cyprus, by Arab raids in 647, Nicosia became the capital of the island around 965. The Byzantines moved the islands administration seat to Nicosia primarily for security reasons as coastal towns were often suffering from raids, from that point on it has remained as the capital of Cyprus. On his way to the Holy Land during the Third Crusade in 1187 and he himself stopped first at Crete and then at Rhodes
Cyprus national football team
The Cyprus national football team represents Cyprus in association football and is controlled by the Cyprus Football Association, the governing body for football in Cyprus. Cyprus home ground is the GSP Stadium in Nicosia and the current coach is Christakis Christoforou and they have never reached the finals of either the European Championship or the World Cup. The teams first match took place on 23 July 1949, one year after becoming a member of the governing body FIFA. Seven days later, the team had its first international game, in November 1960, following independence from British rule, Cyprus drew its first post-independence official match 1–1 against Israel, as part of the 1962 FIFA World Cup qualifying tournament. Cyprus first international victory was a 3–1 win against Greece on 27 November 1963 in a friendly, on 17 February 1968, Cyprus recorded their first competitive win, beating Switzerland 2–1 in a European Championship qualifying match in Nicosia. In 1974, the team enjoyed one of their most famous victories when they beat Northern Ireland 1–0 in Nicosia. On 12 February 1983, as part of the Euro 1984 qualifiers, Cyprus held world champions Italy to a 1–1 draw in Nicosia, four years later, in the Euro 1988 qualification, Cyprus recorded their first ever point achieved in an away match, against Poland. In 1989 they drew 1–1 with France in the World Cup qualifying match, despite a number of triumphs on home soil, Cyprus had to wait until 1992 to record their first away win, a 2–0 victory against the Faroe Islands. Results in qualifying tournaments have also improved considerably in recent times, in the qualifying stages for the 1996 UEFA European Championship, Cyprus drew 1–1 with holders Denmark. Four years later, they missed out on a place in the 2000 European Football Championship despite 3–2 victories against both Spain and Israel and a 4–0 win over San Marino. On 15 November 2000, Cyprus scored their biggest win in history by beating Andorra in Limassol 5–0 in the 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification. Just one month later, on 15 November 2006, they caused surprise by holding the World Cup semi-finalists Germany to a 1–1 draw at home. On 13 October 2007, they beat Wales 3–1 in Nicosia, on 17 October 2007, Cyprus came close to a historic away victory in Dublin against the Republic of Ireland, but the hosts equalised in the last minute of the game, and the match ended 1–1. On 3 September 2010, as part of the Euro 2012 qualifiers, in the last group match, the team faced Bosnia needing a victory to finish in 3rd and rely on Belgium to beat Israel in Brussels. On 7 October 2006, a new kit was made by Diadora and it outlines a map of Cyprus in amber from the shoulder to the sleeve, with a green line running down the middle to indicate the division of the island. Cyprus currently plays home matches at the GSP Stadium in Nicosia, home matches had previously been staged at different stadiums all around the country. Until 1974 Cyprus used either the old GSP Stadium in central Nicosia, after the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, some matches were played at Tsirion Stadium in Limassol and the Makario Stadium in Nicosia. However, Cyprus returned to the GSP Stadium for the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying round matches, the fixtures were released by UEFA the same day as the draw, which was held on 23 February 2014 in Nice
UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying
A total of 53 national teams participated in this qualifying process, with Gibraltar taking part for the first time. The draw took place at the Palais des Congrès Acropolis, Nice, all UEFA member associations are eligible to compete in the qualifying competition, with the hosts qualifying directly to the finals tournament. The other 53 teams are drawn into eight groups of six teams, the group winners, runners-up, and the best third-placed team directly qualify to the finals. The eight remaining third-placed teams contest two-legged play-offs to determine the last four qualifiers for the finals, each nations coefficient is generated by calculating, 40% of the average ranking points per game earned in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage. 40% of the ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying stage. 20% of the ranking points per game earned in the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage. UEFA stated that nations with the largest markets in terms of contribution to the European Qualifiers revenue would be drawn one of the groups containing six teams. They include England, Spain, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, UEFA has also stated in their regulations that the teams drawn into the group of five teams will have France added to their group for the purpose of playing centralised friendlies. For the play-offs the four ties are determined by draw, including the order of the two legs of each tie, the teams are seeded for the play-off draw according to the UEFA national team coefficient rankings updated after the completion of the group stage. Each nations coefficient is generated by calculating, 40% of the ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying group stage. 40% of the ranking points per game earned in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage. 20% of the ranking points per game earned in the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying stage. If the aggregate score is level, the away goals rule is applied, if away goals are also equal, then thirty minutes of extra time is played, divided into two fifteen-minutes halves. If no goals are scored during extra time, the tie is decided by penalty shoot-out, notes This is the first qualifying tournament after UEFA announced centralised rights deals for both UEFA Euro and FIFA World Cup qualifying. UEFA has proposed the Week of Football concept for the scheduling of qualifying matches, Matches take place from Thursday to Tuesday. Kick-off times are set at 18,00 and 20,45 CET on Saturdays and Sundays. On double-header matchweeks, teams play on Thursday and Sunday, or Friday and Monday, Matches in the same group are played on the same day. The seeding pots were announced on 24 January 2014, teams in bold qualified for the finals
Bilino Polje Stadium
It is also sometimes used for the Bosnia and Herzegovina national rugby union team as well. The stadium was built and opened in 1972 and it was used in Bosnia and Herzegovinas first match, a friendly played against Albania in 1996 with the final result being a 0–0 draw. The stadium is considered a curse for foreign teams, because the Bosnian national team usually wins or rarely loses their home games at Bilino Polje stadium. In a period stretching from 1995 to October 2006, Bosnia went undefeated at home in around 15 games played in Zenica, the city of Zenica had to wait another 4 years before the next match of the national team was played at the stadium. This match was also a friendly, this time against Macedonia, the Bosnia national team never lost on this field until the Euro 2008 qualifiers against Hungary. NK Čelik was formed in 1945 as a club and played its games at Blatuša. At the time, the stadium was built with wooden stands. Zenica, being a city and having Željezara as the main provider for most of the population of the city. Now, the decision was made to build a stadium since NK Čelik was taking part in the Yugoslav First League. Bilino Polje was built within a 6 and 8 months period, at that time, NK Čelik hosted Fiorentina at the stadium in the finals of the Mitropa Cup and won it that year. Also, NK Čelik went on to win the Mitropa Cup the following year as well, a few years after the construction, the stadium was actually given the award for being the most beautiful stadium in Yugoslavia. Bilino Polje has a shape with British style dimensions, rather than an oval shape such as the Stadium Koševo in Sarajevo. The stadium is located in the area of Zenica and can be easily accessed and navigated to from several points in the city. It is also connected to the ongoing urban redevelopment of the citys road network. Football matches by the Yugoslavia national football team to 1992, Football matches by the Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team to date, Table correct as of 19 November 2015
Zenica is the fourth-largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the capital of the Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity. Zenica is located about 70 km north of Sarajevo and is situated on the Bosna river, surrounded by a mountainous, the city is home to 115,134 inhabitants as of 2013. Zenica was an important economic and military center during the Banate of Bosnia and the Kingdom of Bosnia, the citys old quarter contains several attractions, including the former synagogue, dating from 1906, which is now part of the City Museum. There is also a mosque, an Austrian fountain and an old farm house. Known by the Romans as Bistua Nova, the became known as Bilino Polje, Brod. During the Middle Ages, the town was important in the governance of the Bosnian Kingdom, nearby were the stone fortress of Vranduk, the residence of the Kings of Bosnia at Bobovac and the village of Janjici, where the Did, head of the Bosnian Church resided. The nearby villages of Puhovac and Pojske are the site of several Stećak tombstones, unique to Bosnia and Herzegovina and parts of Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. In one description from the year 1697, Zenica is compared to a delta of the Nile, where melons grow and those projects include a railway from Bosanski Brod to Zenica built in 1879, a coal mine, paper works, steel factory, and a prison. An Orthodox Church was built in 1882, two Roman Catholic churches in 1910, a synagogue in 1903, several coaching inns, a hotel, the city changed markedly in character during this period as might be expected during such a developmental boom. Zenica managed to escape major physical damage or large-scale reprisals and human casualties, following the liberation of Zenica by the Partisans in 1945, the town began to grow rapidly as the steel industry developed further. The town spread to encompass the former villages of Bilino Polje, Klopce and Radakovo, in 1948 the population was only 12,000 people, but by 1961 it had grown to over 30,000. In 1981 the town had over 63,000 people, the city has seen a sixfold increase in its population over 50 years. In 1991, the year before the Bosnian War began, Zenica became the headquarters of one of the first private and independent radio stations in Eastern Europe, Radio CD-CEMP. In the spring of 1993, Zoran Mišetić, a journalist and owner of Radio CD-CEMP, was granted the Belgian Award for Independent Journalism, known as The Pen Of Peace. On 19 April 1993, during the Croat-Bosniak War,15 civilians were killed and 50 others injured, the grenade was fired from the village of Puticevo. A total of six grenades landed, in rounds of three, one round of two at 12.10 pm, one round of two shells at 12.24 pm, and a further round of two shells at 12.29 pm. During this period Zenica was isolated from the rest of the world for a year, the city suffered considerable civilian casualties from sniper fire, firefights and hunger. Bosnias fourth-largest city had no water or electricity, during the war, the demographics of the city were altered by an influx of ethnic Bosniaks refugees from other parts of Bosnia, while the Serb population left for parts of Serb-controlled Bosnia
Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team
The Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team, represents Bosnia and Herzegovina in association football and is governed by the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until 1992, Bosnian and Herzegovinian players were part of the Yugoslavia national football team, Bosnia and Herzegovina achieved their best result when they reached the 2014 FIFA World Cup as winners of their qualifying group. They were eliminated after group stage narrow losses to Argentina and Nigeria, Bosnia and Herzegovinas home ground is Bilino Polje Stadium in the city of Zenica. The teams highest FIFA World Ranking was 13th in August 2013, Bosnia and Herzegovina have seen a steady rise in their fortunes on the international football stage in recent times. Historically, Bosnia, a war torn and divided nation, has managed multiple playoff appearances and has qualified to one FIFA World Cup, more often than not, the team produces solid results in qualifiers and challenges for a top spot. From 1920 to 1992, the players lined out for Yugoslavia, but following the outbreak of the Bosnian war and subsequent independence, the early period saw Bosnia-Herzegovina have to wait until the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualifiers to compete for a place in a major competition. Bosnia finished fourth in a group that included Greece, Denmark and this was then subsequently followed by further disappointment with lackluster campaigns in the UEFA Euro 2000 qualifiers, as well as the 2002 FIFA World Cup. This early period was followed by Bosnia coming very close to qualifying directly for their first ever major competition, UEFA Euro 2004, narrowly missing out by a single goal against Denmark. Bosnia failed to make the grade in the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, despite being unbeaten at home, and the UEFA Euro 2008 qualifiers, which saw their poor home form cost them. Bosnia managed to finish a third in a group which included Argentina at their first ever major competition. Nigeria pipped Bosnia for second place in the group with a 1–0 win marred with controversy following an incorrectly disallowed goal scored by Edin Džeko in the first half, Bosnia finished third in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifiers behind Belgium and Wales. After the slow start, the Bosnian performance improved dramatically, with five wins in their six matches, including victories over Wales. However, they failed to qualify after a two legged playoff encounter with the Republic of Ireland. On 9 November 2015, the Bosnian FA extended the contract with Baždarević through the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying campaign, Bosnia-Herzegovina was drawn to face Belgium, Greece, Estonia, Cyprus and Gibraltar during the qualifying stage. The following players were called up for the game against Albania on 28 March 2017. Caps. The following players have called up for the team within the last twelve months. During qualifiers for 1998 World Cup, Bosnias first home match against Croatia was played at Bologna, the match was held at the neutral venue due to the renovation of the Asim Ferhatović Hase Stadium. The team finished in place during 2006 World Cup qualifying, recording two draws with Spain along the way
Sammy Ofer Stadium
The Sammy Ofer Stadium, also known as Haifa International Stadium, is a 30, 870-seat multi-purpose stadium in Haifa, Israel. Construction began in late 2009 and was completed in 2014, the stadium was developed and built by the Haifa Economic Corporation, managed by Adv. Currently, the stadium is used mostly for football matches, hosting the games of Maccabi Haifa. The stadium replaced Kiryat Eliezer Stadium, which was closed in 2014, the stadium is named after the late Israeli naval-mogul Sammy Ofer, who donated $20,000,000 to build the stadium. Ofers contribution was 19% of the total cost of the stadium, on September 16,2008, the Haifa Construction Committee approved the stadiums plans and gave it the green light. On August 2009, official plans of the stadium released, on September 2009, it has been announced that the works on building the foundations of the stadium would begin at the end of September 2009. The first official match ever at Sammy Ofer Stadium was played on August 27,2014, Hapoel Haifa hosted Hapoel Acre and won 2–0. The first historic goal in the new stadium was scored by Hapoel Haifa striker Tosaint Ricketts, the first league match was played on September 15,2014. Maccabi Haifa hosted Bnei Sakhnin F. C. who they defeated by a score of 4–2, the historic first goal by a Maccabi Haifa player was scored by Israeli national team midfielder Hen Ezra during stoppage time of the first half. Over 31,000 supporters were in attendance, the first UEFA Champions League match was played on September 30,2015 by Maccabi Tel Aviv against Dinamo Kiev, Dinamo won 2–0 by goles Andriy Yarmolenko and Júnior Moraes. The first match of the Israel national football team was played on November 16,2014, Israel hosted the Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying match and won the match by a score of 3–0. The stadium was out, which resulted in an atmosphere beyond compare. Sammy Ofer Stadium Official website Municipality of Haifa Haifa Economic Corporation Ltd, Official Plans KSS Group Sammy Ofer Stadium video
Haifa, is the third-largest city in the State of Israel, with a population of 278,903 in 2015. The city of Haifa forms part of the Haifa metropolitan area and it is also home to the Baháí World Centre, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a destination for Bahai pilgrims. Built on the slopes of Mount Carmel, the settlement has a history spanning more than 3,000 years, the earliest known settlement in the vicinity was Tell Abu Hawam, a small port city established in the Late Bronze Age. In the 3rd century CE, Haifa was known as a dye-making center, over the centuries, the city has changed hands, being conquered and ruled by the Phoenicians, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, British, and the Israelis. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the Haifa Municipality has governed the city, as of 2016, the city is a major seaport located on Israels Mediterranean coastline in the Bay of Haifa covering 63.7 square kilometres. It lies about 90 kilometres north of Tel Aviv and is the regional center of northern Israel. According to researcher J. Kis-Lev Haifa is considered a haven for coexistence between Jews and Arabs. Two respected academic institutions, the University of Haifa and the Technion, are located in Haifa, in addition to the largest k-12 school in Israel, the city plays an important role in Israels economy. It is home to Matam, one of the oldest and largest high-tech parks in the country, Haifa also owns the underground rapid transit system located in Israel. Haifa Bay is a center of industry, petroleum refining. Haifa formerly functioned as the terminus of an oil pipeline from Iraq via Jordan. With locals using it to refer to a tell at the foot of the Carmel Mountains that contains its remains. The name Efa first appears during Roman rule, some time after the end of the 1st century, Haifa is also mentioned more than 100 times in the Talmud, a work central to Judaism. Hefa or Hepha in Eusebius of Caesareas 4th-century work, Onomasticon, is said to be another name for Sycaminus, references to this city end with the Byzantine period. Following the Arab conquest in the 7th century, Haifa was used to refer to a site established on Tel Shikmona upon what were already the ruins of Sycaminon. Haifa is mentioned by the mid-11th-century Persian chronicler Nasir Khusraw, the Crusaders, who captured Haifa briefly in the 12th century, call it Caiphas, and believe its name related to Cephas, the Aramaic name of Simon Peter. Other spellings in English have included Caipha, Kaipha, Caiffa, Kaiffa and Khaifa.5 miles to the east. The new village, the nucleus of modern Haifa, was first called al-imara al-jadida by some, but others residing there called it Haifa al-Jadida at first, the ultimate origin of the name Haifa remains unclear
Italy national football team
The Italian national football team represents Italy in association football and is controlled by the Italian Football Federation, the governing body for football in Italy. Italy is one of the most successful teams in the history of the World Cup, having won four titles. In 1938, they became the first team to defend their previous World Cup tournament victory and they have also won a European Championship, as well as appearing in two other finals, one Olympic football tournament and two Central European International Cups. Italys highest finish at the FIFA Confederations Cup was in 2013, the national football team is known as Gli Azzurri from the traditional colour of Italian national teams and athletes representing Italy. The primary training ground is at the FIGC headquarters in Coverciano, Florence, the teams first match was held in Milan on 15 May 1910. Italy defeated France by a score of 6–2, with Italys first goal scored by Pietro Lana, some turmoil kept the players of Pro Vercelli, who were the best team in the league, out of the game. At the end of the match, the players received some cigarette packets thrown by the 4,000 spectators as a prize. The Italian team played with a system and consisted of, De Simoni, Varisco, Calì, Trerè, Fossati, Capello, Debernardi, Rizzi, Cevenini I, Lana, first captain of the team was Francesco Calì. The first success in a tournament came with the bronze medal in 1928 Summer Olympics. After losing the semi-final against Uruguay, an 11–3 victory against Egypt secured third place in the competition. In the 1927–30 and 1933–35 Central European International Cup, Italy achieved the first place out of five Central European teams, other stars of that era included Luis Monti, Giovanni Ferrari, Giuseppe Ruffino and Virginio Rosetta. The hosts, Azzurri, defeated Czechoslovakia 2–1 in extra time in Rome, with goals by Raimundo Orsi and they achieved their second title in a 4–2 defeat of Hungary, with two goals by Gino Colaussi and two goals by Silvio Piola in the World Cup that followed. In 1949,10 of the 11 players in the teams initial line-up were killed in the Superga air disaster that affected Torino, Italy did not advance further than the first round of the 1950 World Cup, as they were weakened severely due to the air disaster. The team had travelled by boat rather than by plane, fearing another accident, in the World Cup finals of 1954 and the 1962 that followed, Italy failed to progress past the first round, and did not qualify for the 1958 World Cup. Italy did not take part in the first edition of the European Championship in 1960 and their participation in the 1966 World Cup was ended by a 0–1 defeat at the hands of North Korea. Despite being the tournament favourites, the Azzurri, whose 1966 squad included Gianni Rivera, the Italian team was bitterly condemned upon their return home, while North Korean scorer Pak Doo-ik was celebrated as the David who killed Goliath. In 1968, the Azzurri won their first major competition since the 1938 World Cup, the match holds the distinction of being the only European Championship or World Cup final to go to a replay. After extra time the final ended in a 1–1 draw, and in the days before penalty shootouts, Italy won the replay 2–0 to take the trophy
Philip II Arena
Philip II National Arena, also known as the Telekom Arena for sponsorship reasons, is a multi-purpose stadium in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia. It is currently used mostly for football matches, but sometimes also for concerts or other events. On 30 June 2015 the UEFA announced that the National Arena Philip II of Macedonia will host the 2017 UEFA Super Cup, the project for the south stand was designed in 1977 by architects Dragan Krstev and Todorka Mavkova from Beton. Construction of the stadium in its present form began in 1978, with the building of the south stand, the reconstruction and expansion started after a long delay in project implementation in January 2008. The construction of a new stand was finished in August 2009 and was put in use on 2 August 2009. Ten days later, on 12 August, the Macedonia national football team played a match against then World Champions Spain. The reconstruction of the southern stand started in 2009, which was put into operation on 30 July of that year for the match between FK Rabotnički and FC Liverpool, soon after, the construction of the new western and eastern stands started. By mid July 2012, the majority of the stadium was completed with the reconstruction of the new pitch, on 25 July 2012, FK Vardar played FC BATE Borisov in the 2nd qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League to re-open the stadium. In November 2016, the Philip II Arena was renamed to Telekom Arena due to the agreement with Makedonski Telekom. Since 2008, the stadium has seen investment of two billion denari, or €32 million. The second phase, which got underway in November 2011, is the reconstruction of the pitch. The athletic track around the pitch, from the original 6 will be extended to 8 running tracks, total cost for this phase is €3.5 million. By 2013 it should be finished with the completion of a new illuminated outer facade, the total construction cost for all actions related to the stadium in the period 2008-2013 is estimated to reach over €60 million. 1985–86 UEFA Cup First round, Second leg -2 October 1985 between FK Vardar and FC Dinamo Bucureşti, 1987–88 European Cup First round, Second leg -30 September 1987 between FK Vardar and FC Porto. 1992–93 Macedonian Cup Final -23 May 1993 between FK Vardar and FK Pelister, UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying -7 September 1994 between Macedonia and Denmark. UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying -12 October 1994 between Macedonia and Spain, 2000–01 UEFA Cup First round, First leg -14 September 2000 between FK Pobeda and AC Parma. 2003–04 UEFA Champions League Second qualifying round, Second leg -6 August 2003 between FK Vardar and CSKA Moscow, 2003–04 UEFA Champions League Third qualifying round, First leg -13 August 2003 between FK Vardar and AC Sparta Prague. UEFA Euro 2004 qualifying -6 September 2003 between Macedonia and England, 2003–04 UEFA Cup First round, Second leg -15 October 2003 between FK Vardar and AS Roma
Skopje is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia. It is the political, cultural, economic, and academic center. It was known in the Roman period under the name Scupi, the territory of Skopje has been inhabited since at least 4000 BC, remains of Neolithic settlements have been found within the old Kale Fortress that overlooks the modern city centre. On the eve of the 1st century AD, the settlement was seized by the Romans, when the Roman Empire was divided into eastern and western halves in 395 AD, Scupi came under Byzantine rule from Constantinople. During much of the medieval period, the town was contested between the Byzantines and the Bulgarian Empire, whose capital it was between 972 and 992. From 1282, the town was part of the Serbian Empire, in 1392, the city was conquered by the Ottoman Turks who called the town Üsküp. The town stayed under Turkish control for over 500 years, serving as the capital of pashasanjak of Üsküb, at that time the city was famous for its oriental architecture. In 1912, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Serbia during the Balkan Wars and after the First World War the city part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats. In the Second World War the city was conquered by the Bulgarian Army, in 1944, it became the capital city of Democratic Macedonia, which was a federal state, part of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. The city developed rapidly after World War II, but this trend was interrupted in 1963 when it was hit by a disastrous earthquake, in 1991, it became the capital city of an independent Macedonia. Skopje is located on the course of the Vardar River. It is a center for metal-processing, chemical, timber, textile, leather, industrial development of the city has been accompanied by development of the trade, logistics, and banking sectors, as well as an emphasis on the fields of transportation, culture and sport. Skopje is located in the north of the Republic of Macedonia, in the center of the Balkan peninsula, the city is built in the Skopje valley, oriented on a west-east axis, along the course of the Vardar river, which flows into the Aegean Sea in Greece. The valley is approximately 20 kilometres wide and it is limited by several mountain ranges to the North and South and these ranges limit the urban expansion of Skopje, which spreads along the Vardar and the Serava, a small river which comes from the North. In its administrative boundaries, the City of Skopje stretches for more than 33 kilometres, Skopje is approximately 245m above sea level and covers 571.46 km2. The urbanised area only covers 337 km2, with a density of 65 inhabitants per hectare, Skopje, in its administrative limits, encompasses many villages and other settlements, including Dračevo, Gorno Nerezi and Bardovci. According to the 2002 census, the City of Skopje comprised 506,926 inhabitants, the City of Skopje reaches the Kosovo border to the North-East. Clockwise, it is bordered by the Macedonian municipalities of Čučer-Sandevo, Lipkovo, Aračinovo, Ilinden, Studeničani, Sopište, Želino