San Clemente, Emilia-Romagna
San Clemente is a comune in the Province of Rimini, but before 1992 in the Province of Forlì, in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 120 kilometres southeast of Bologna, about 65 kilometres southeast of Forlì and about 11 kilometres south of Rimini. Malatesta castle, whose walls include part of the town. Fortified Malatesta villa at Castelleale
Rimini is a city of 150.590 inhabitants in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. It is located on the coast between the rivers Marecchia and Ausa, it is one of the most famous seaside resorts in Europe, thanks to its 15-kilometre-long sandy beach, over 1,000 hotels, thousands of bars and discos. The first bathing establishment opened in 1843. An art city with ancient Roman and Renaissance monuments, Rimini is the hometown of the famous film director Federico Fellini as well. Founded by the Romans in 268 BC, throughout their period of rule Rimini was a key communications link between the north and south of the peninsula, on its soil Roman emperors erected monuments like the Arch of Augustus and the Tiberius Bridge that they mark the beginning and the end of the Decumanus of Rimini and, while during the Renaissance, the city benefited from the court of the House of Malatesta, which hosted artists like Leonardo da Vinci and produced works such as the Tempio Malatestiano.
The main monuments in Rimini are: the Arch of Augustus. In the 19th century, Rimini was one of the most active cities in the revolutionary front, hosting many of the movements aimed at Italian unification. In the course of World War II, the city was the scene of clashes and bombings, but of a fierce partisan resistance that earned it the honour of a gold medal for civic valor. In recent years it has become one of the most important sites for trade fairs and conferences in Italy; the total approximate population of the Rimini urban area is 225,000 and the provincial population is 330,000. Rimini is the most populous centre of the Romagna Riviera, the second largest city by the number of inhabitants in the entire region, the twenty-eighth largest city in Italy. For ecclesiastical history, see Roman Catholic Diocese of Rimini The area was part of the Etruscan civilization until the arrival of the Celts, who held it from the 6th century BC until their defeat by the Umbri in 283 BC. In 268 BC at the mouth of the Ariminus, the Roman Republic founded the colonia of Ariminum.
The city was involved in the civil wars but remained faithful to the popular party and to its leaders, firstly Gaius Marius, Julius Caesar. After crossing the Rubicon, the latter made his legendary appeal to the legions in the Forum of Rimini. Ariminum was seen as a bastion against invaders from Celts and as a springboard for conquering the Padana plain; as the terminus of the Via Flaminia, which ended here in the surviving prestigious Arch of Augustus, Rimini was a road junction connecting central and northern Italy by the Via Aemilia that led to Piacenza and the Via Popilia that extended northwards. Remains of the amphitheater that could seat 12000 people, a five-arched bridge of Istrian stone completed by Tiberius are still visible. Galla Placidia built the church of Santo Stefano. It's understood that Rimini is of roman origins from the fact, divided by two main streets, the Cardo and the Decumanus. Crisis in the Roman world was marked by destruction caused by invasions and wars, but by the testimony of the palaces of the Imperial officers and the first churches, the symbol of the spread of Christianity that held an important Council of Ariminum in 359.
When the Ostrogoths conquered Rimini in 493, besieged in Ravenna, had to capitulate. During the Gothic War, Rimini was retaken many times. In its vicinity the Byzantine general Narses overthrew the Alamanni. Under the Byzantine rule, it belonged to part of the Exarchate of Ravenna. In 728, it was taken with many other cities by Liutprand, King of the Lombards but returned to the Byzantines about 735. Pepin the Short gave it to the Holy See, but during the wars of the popes and the Italian cities against the emperors, Rimini sided with the latter. In the 13th century, it suffered from the discords of the Ansidei families; the city became a municipality in the 14th century, with the arrival of the religious orders, numerous convents and churches were built, providing work for many illustrious artists. In fact, Giotto inspired the 14th-century School of Rimini, the expression of original cultural ferment; the House of Malatesta emerged from the struggles between municipal factions with Malatesta da Verucchio, who in 1239 was named podestà of the city.
Despite interruptions, his family held authority until 1528. In 1312 he was succeeded by Malatestino Malatesta, first signore of the city and Pandolfo I Malatesta, the latter's brother, named by Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, as imperial vicar of Romagna. Ferrantino, son of Malatesta II, was opposed by his cousin Ramberto and by Cardinal Bertrand du Pouget, legate of Pope John XXII. Malatesta II was lord of Pesaro, he was succeeded by Malatesta Ungaro and Galeotto I Malatesta, uncle of the former, lord of Fano and Cesena. His son Carlo I Malatesta, one of the most respected condottieri of the time, enlarged the Riminese possessions and restored the port. Carlo died childless in 1429, the lordship was divided into three parts, Rimini going to Galeotto Roberto Malatesta, a Catholic zealot who turned out to be inadequate for the role; the Pesarese line of the Malatestas tried, in fact, to take advantage of his weakness and to capture the city, but Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, Carlo's nephew, only 14 at the time, intervened to save it.
Galeotto retired to a convent, Sigismondo obtain
Saludecio is a comune in the Province of Rimini in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 130 kilometres southeast of Bologna and about 20 kilometres southeast of Rimini. Saludecio borders the following municipalities: Mondaino, Montefiore Conca, Morciano di Romagna, San Giovanni in Marignano, Tavullia. Porta Marina, the fortified gate built by Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta. Torre Civica. Church of San Biagio, housing 17th-century paintings by Claudio Ridolfi, Guido Cagnacci and others, as well as the body of Saint Amato Ronconi. Palazzo Albini. Porta Montanara, another entrance gate. Town Hall, built on the ruins of the old castle. Castle of Cerreto, one of the most outstanding rural burgs in the Rimini territory
Mercato Saraceno is a comune in the Province of Forlì-Cesena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 90 kilometres southeast of Bologna and about 35 kilometres southeast of Forlì. Mercato Saraceno borders the following municipalities: Bagno di Romagna, Novafeltria, Sarsina, Sogliano al Rubicone, Talamello. Mercato Saraceno is twinned with: Villadossola, since 2010 Official website
San Giovanni in Marignano
San Giovanni in Marignano is a comune in the Province of Rimini in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 130 kilometres southeast of Bologna and about 20 kilometres southeast of Rimini. San Giovanni in Marignano borders the following municipalities: Cattolica, Misano Adriatico, Morciano di Romagna, San Clemente, Tavullia. Cattolica Airfield is an abandoned World War II US Air Force airfield in its vicinity. Www.marignanoweb.it/ San Giovanni in Marignanon on The campanile Project
Pennabilli is a comune in the Province of Rimini in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 140 kilometres southeast of Bologna and about 45 kilometres south of Rimini. Until 15 August 2009, the comune belonged to the Marche from which it was detached, together with six other municipalities of the Alta Valmarecchia area, following the implementation of the outcome of a referendum held on 17 and 18 December 2006. Pennabilli travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Pennabilli Pennabilli Official website Pro Loco Pennabilli Information on Pennabilli
Misano Adriatico is a comune in the Province of Rimini in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 120 kilometres southeast of Bologna and about 14 kilometres southeast of Rimini. Misano Adriatico borders the following municipalities: Cattolica, Riccione, San Clemente, San Giovanni in Marignano. Misano is a seaside town with a few resorts; the main attraction of the town is the Misano World Circuit Marco Simoncelli. The Conca enters the Adriatic Sea near the town. Official website Misano Adriatico