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Talbot County, Maryland

Talbot County is a county located in the heart of the Eastern Shore of Maryland in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,782, its county seat is Easton. The county was named for Lady Grace Talbot, the wife of Sir Robert Talbot, an Anglo-Irish statesman, the sister of Lord Baltimore. Talbot County comprises the Easton, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Washington–Baltimore–Arlington, DC–MD–VA–WV–PA Combined Statistical Area. Talbot County is bordered by Queen Anne's County to the north, Caroline County to the east, Dorchester County to the south, the Chesapeake Bay to the west; the founding date of Talbot County is not known. It existed by February 1661, when a writ was issued to its sheriff, it was divided into nine Hundreds and three parishes: St. Paul's, St. Peter's and St. Michael's. In 1667, the first meeting of Commissions was held in the home known as Widow Winkles on the Skipton Creek near the town of York; the town of York was vacated once the courthouse was to be built on Armstrongs Old Field in 1709 near Pitts' Bridge.

The new courthouse designated because York was too far north in the county once Queen Anne's County received their charter and was lopped off of Talbot County. Pitts' Bridge was just north of the Quaker Meeting House, but most it faced the Indian trail. After the American Revolutionary War in 1786, Act to Assemble in Annapolis appointed John Needles to survey and "to erect a town in Talbot County to be called Talbottown"—laying out a town around existing court house with 118 number parcels of land and designated streets and lanes. Talbottown was to be known as the county seat of Easton. Another act was passed in 1789 to build a larger courthouse on the site of the old one; this court house was completed in 1794 and today parts of it still stand today inside of the present court house. Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman, Gen. George Washington's Aide-De-Camp, was born on Fausley in Talbot County on December 25, 1744, he died on April 18, 1786, is buried in Oxford, Maryland. On the monument at the grave site, an inscription reads: "Tench Tilghman Lt. Col. in the Continental Army And Aid de-camp of Washington Who spoke Him thus: He was in Every Action in which the Main Army was concerned a great part of the Time.

He refused to receive Pay. While living no man could be more Esteemed and since dead none more Lamented than Col. Tilghman. No one had imbibed Sentiments of greater Friendship for Him, he left. Died April 18, 1786 Aged 42" On his actual grave an inscription reads "In memory of Col. Tench Tilghman who died April 18, 1786 in the 42nd year of his age. Much lamented, he took an early and active part in the great contest that secured the Independence of the United States of America. He was an Aide-de-Camp to His Excellency General George Washington Commander in Chief of the American Armies and was Honoured with his Friendship, Confidence and he was one of those whose merit were Disinguished and Honourable Reward By the Congress But Still more to his Praise He was a Good Man". Founding Father John Dickinson was born in Trappe. A statue of Douglass stands in front of the Talbot County Courthouse; the first established hospital on the Eastern Shore was near McDaniel at Dr. Absolom Thompson farm, the old Mary's Delight Farm.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. The Third Haven Meeting House of Society of Friends was built in 1682 by Quakers. After Charles I was executed in England in 1649 Virginia Governor Berkley, who sympathized with the Royalists, drove Quakers out of Virginia for their religious beliefs. Lord Baltimore invited the refugees to Maryland Province to settle, passed the Toleration Act. John Edmondson gave the Quakers land on which to settle near the Tred Avon River in what became the town now known as Easton, Maryland; the Meeting House sits on high ground surrounded by 3 wooded acres and is positioned along the Indian Trail. George Fox, father of the Quaker movement visited several time. Upon his death, Third Haven Meeting House received his personal collection; the Third Haven Meeting House may be the oldest framed building for religious meeting in The United States. According to tradition Lord Baltimore attended a sermon by William Penn. In 1794, the rafters were extended on 1 side of the ridgepole.

While this extension made more room inside the meeting house, it made the building look lopsided as seen in the photo above. In 1879, a new Third Haven Meeting House was constructed out of brick, remains in use today; the ground floor now contains meeting rooms, the Sunday School is above. St. Joseph Roman Catholic Church, which still holds weekly masses, is recognized as the oldest Roman Catholic Church on the Eastern Shore. Father Joseph Mosely, a Jesuit, established the church in 1765 on a farm north of Easton in Cordova. St. Joseph Church was the second Catholic Church in Talbot County. Father Mosley explained the foundation in a letter to his sister: It's a Mission that ought to have been settled above these sixty years past by means of the immense trouble and excessive rides it hade given our gentlemen that lived next to it. I was deputed in August 1764 to settle a new place in the midst of this mission’ accordingl


Pattensen is a town in the district of Hanover, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated 12 km south of Hanover, it was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg until 1636, when the capital moved to the town of Hanover, from which the state of Hanover was named. The letter processing center for the greater Hanover area is located in Pattensen. Pattensen is twinned with Saint-Aubin-lès-Elbeuf in France and Wilkszyn in Poland and Ahrensfelde in Germany. Per Mertesacker, retired international footballer Metropolitan region Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg

The Poverty Plainsmen

The Poverty Plainsmen is a Saskatchewan-based country music band, originating in smalltown Tilston, Manitoba by brothers Sean Smith and Mark Smith in October 1987. They have had a number one single on the country charts for their performance of "Sister Golden Hair,", a remake of a pop hit from the 70s by the group America, it was in the top 10 for eight weeks, became the number one song for two weeks in Canada. Since 1994 with the release of their album Gotta Be a Believer, they have done two more albums: There's No Looking Back and Lap of Luxury. On April 24, 2004, band member Sean Smith received a severe spinal cord injury, he is still in rehabilitation. SCMA Group of the Year PMW Outstanding Country Recording CCMA Independent Vocal Group or Duo of the Year SCMA Video of the Year - "Same Things" CMW Independent Country Album SCMA Group or Duo of the Year SCMA Entertainers of the Year SCMA Single of the Year - "Time Will Tell" SCMA Achievement Award SCMA Single of the Year - "Everybody Say Eh!"

SCMA Backup Band of the Year Awards

Athletics at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's marathon

The official results of the Men's Marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany held on Sunday September 10, 1972. The race started at 15:00h local time. There were 74 competitors from 39 countries. Twelve of them did not finish; the marathon route in the 1972 Olympics was created to resemble Waldi. The course was arranged so that the head of the dog faced west, with athletes running counter-clockwise, starting at the back of the dog's neck and continuing around the ears; the mouth of the dog was represented by the path through the Nymphenburg Park, its front feet were represented by the run through the Hirschgarten. The belly was the main downtown street in Munich, its rear feet, rear end and tail were all in the English Garden, a parkland extending along the Isar River; the athletes entered the Olympic Stadium. American Frank Shorter, born in Munich, became the first from his country in 64 years to win the Olympic marathon; as Shorter was nearing the stadium, German student Norbert Sudhaus entered the stadium wearing a West German track uniform, joined the race and ran the last kilometre.

Thinking he was the winner, the crowd began cheering him before officials realized the hoax and Sudhaus was escorted off the track by security. Arriving 35 seconds Shorter was perplexed to see someone ahead of him and to hear the boos and catcalls that were meant for Sudhaus; this was the third time in Olympic history that an American had won the marathon — and in none of those three instances did the winner enter the stadium first. Marathon Info


Phoradendron is a genus of mistletoe, native to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Americas. The center of diversity is the Amazon rainforest. Phoradendron is the largest genus of mistletoe in the Americas, the largest genus of mistletoes in the world. Traditionally, the genus has been placed in the family Viscaceae, but recent genetic research acknowledged by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group shows this family to be placed within a larger circumscription of the sandalwood family, Santalaceae, they are woody hemi-parasitic shrubs with branches 10 -- 80 cm long. The foliage is dichotomously branching, with opposite pairs of leaves. Although they are able to photosynthesize the plant relies on its host for some nutrients; the plant draws its mineral and water needs, some of its energy needs, from the host tree using a haustorium which grows into the stems of the host. The flowers are inconspicuous and incomplete, no petals and 3-4 greenish-yellow sepals, 1–3 mm diameter; the fruit is a berry, yellow, orange, or red when mature, containing one to several seeds embedded in sticky juice, called viscin.

The flowers are unisexual, depending on the species, the plant will be monoecious or dioecious. The seeds are dispersed when birds eat the fruit and remove the sticky seeds from their bills by wiping them on tree branches where they can germinate; the foliage and berries of some species are toxic. Leafy mistletoes kill but they cause stress reducing crop productions in fruits and nut trees. Phoradendron plants can be distinguished from mistletoes in other genera in Viscaceae by their inflorescences, which lack leaves and come from a single branching point or apical meristem. However, it can be difficult to identify species within Phoradendron, because leaf shape and color can vary even within species. Phoradendron species can infest many taxa of plants including hackberry mesquite, cedar and Osage-orange. Certain species of Phoradendron are host-specific. P. californicum infests trees such as acacia and blue palo verde. Some species infest oaks. Branches become swollen and distorted, forming burls and making the tree more susceptible to insect attack.

Phoradendron presents serious problems along rivers, streams and golf courses with large cottonwood trees. Deciduous trees can be mistaken for evergreens during the winter. Other common symptoms include swelling formations of witch's broom and weakened branches. Phoradendron species are hemiparasites which produce their own chlorophyll but rely on the host plant to provide water and other nutrients. Birds are the primary means of dispersal of the parasite. Birds consume the drupes of the mistletoe and excrete or regurgitate the seeds onto the branches of the host plant; the seeds do not need to be ingested to germinate. Germinating seeds produce a radicle, a holdfast, the germinated seeds produce haustoria; the haustorium is a root-like structure that penetrates the host plant's bark and cambium, reaching the xylem and phloem where it extracts water and minerals carbon and nitrogen compounds. A study on the nutrient ratio between Phoradendron and their hosts found that the parasite have higher concentrations of nitrogen and minerals in leguminous hosts.

This suggests that the parasite draws nutrients from the host plant through both the xylem and phloem, challenging the alternative theory of the passive uptake of nutrients by the parasite from the host xylem only. The most important birds for effective dispersal include the cedar waxwing, silky-flycatchers and thrushes. Leafy mistletoe can adversely affect trees growing in forests, it is considered a nuisance in urban environments because of its appearance on deciduous trees during winter. Severe colonization of mistletoe can affect the health of an individual tree, a tree stressed by other factors can be killed. Forest fragmentation can increase Phoradendron infection rates in some oak trees, as trees in lower density forests and those closer to the forests' edges are more to be colonized by the mistletoe. Control and management regimes include watering the host plant to improve its vigor, removing infested vegetation. Pruning infested branches is not effective because the haustoria can infiltrate deeply.

Plucking the mistletoe herbage is a temporary treatment because it resprouts, but keeping its herbage sparse can help to reduce its seed production. Phorodendron species are larval host plants for a number of Lepidoptera; the buckthorn duskywing feeds on Phoradendron californicum. Phoradendron are the preferred food of a silky-flycatcher; the male defends territories. There may be some mutualistic interactions between the parasite and the host in some Phoradendron species; the presence of Phoradendron juniperinum on host Juniperus monosperma, for example, has been suggested to increase dispersal of the host's seeds by birds. The mistletoe berries may attract frugivorous birds to eat the host juniper's seeds and

Forgotten Realms Adventures

Forgotten Realms Adventures is an accessory for the Forgotten Realms campaign setting for the second edition of the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game. The book, with product code TSR 2106, was published in 1990, was written by Jeff Grubb and Ed Greenwood, with cover art by Clyde Caldwell and interior art by Steven Fabian, Ned Dameron, Larry Elmore and Jeff Easley. Forgotten Realms Adventures is a revision of the Forgotten Realms Sourcebook and Cyclopedia material, taking into account the 2nd edition rules and the three years of Forgotten Realms products released up to that time. Among other things, this book cover the deities, secret societies, specific spells and magic rules of the campaign setting, as well as brief descriptions of the land and cities of the heartlands, with maps; the 154-page hardcover book features a one-page foreword from each of the authors. Jeff Grubb explains that this book introduces the Realms to the second edition of Advanced Dungeons & Dragons, gives a brief overview of setting's history.

Chapter 1 details the changes that have occurred to the Forgotten Realms setting since the publishing of the original Forgotten Realms Campaign Set, after the Time of Troubles - the events of the first three books of The Avatar Series of novels. This chapter describes the changes in character class between first edition and second edition, how to transition older characters to the newer edition; this chapter describes physical changes to the Realms, including "dead magic regions", "wild magic regions". Firearm technology is introduced to the setting. Chapter 2 details three dozen of the various deities of the Realms, with rules for their priests, introduces the concept of specialty priests: variants of the cleric with a different set of abilities; the portfolios of 32 deities of the setting are described, along with notes and an illustration for each god's specialty priests, including: Auril, Beshaba, Cyric, Eldath, Helm, Lathander, Lliira, Malar, Mielikki, Mystra, Selûne, Silvanus, Talona, Tempus, Tymora, Tyr and Waukeen.

Brief notes are given on nonhuman deities, elemental cults, beast cults, the cult of Ao. The Dead Three are described in the same manner as the 32 active deities. Chapter 3 details magic and the changes to magic and mages in the Realms; this chapter presents 81 magic spells which are in general use, including spells bearing the names of notable mages such as Laeral, The Simbul, Elminster. Chapter 4 details several cities of the Heartlands of the Realms, including descriptions of who rules, population figures and major products, armed forces, notable mages, notable churches, notable rogues' and thieves' guilds, equipment shops, adventurers' quarters, important characters, other important features in town. 24 cities are described, including Arabel, Baldur's Gate, Calaunt, Elturel, Hillsfar, Marsember, Ordelun, Saerlun, Selgaunt, Suzail, Tilverton, Westgate and Zhentil Keep. Included is a page featuring heraldry symbols of various nations, dales, mercenary units, other organizations, in addition to other symbols shown throughout the text.

Chapter 5 details secret societies of the heartlands, including the Harpers, the Zhentarim, the Red Wizards of Thay. Chapter 6 details a wide variety of different types of treasure that adventuring player characters may discover. Various types of gems, ornamental stones, semi-precious stones, fancy stones, precious stones, gem stones, hardstones and art objects are described in detail. Four appendices are included in the book. Appendix 1, on page 147, is a treasure table for determining random treasure. Appendix 2 is a list of wizard spells by school, Appendix 3 is a list of wizard spells by level, Appendix 4 contains random spell lists. Page 154 contains a bibliography of Forgotten Realms products for collectors; this bibliography details all Forgotten Realms products published by TSR up to March 1990. This includes all boxed sets and accessories, board games, products for the Kara-Tur setting, novels. Forgotten Realms Adventures was written by Jeff Grubb and Ed Greenwood, with a cover by Clyde Caldwell and interior illustrations by Stephen Fabian, was published by TSR in 1990 as a 160-page hardcover.

In 1991 it won the Origins Award for Best Roleplaying Supplement of 1990. Review: White Wolf #23 "An evening with Elminster", Dragon #153