TalkTalk Group

TalkTalk Telecom Group plc is a company which provides pay television, telecommunications, Internet access, mobile network services to businesses and consumers in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 2003 as a subsidiary of Carphone Warehouse and was demerged as a standalone company in March 2010, its headquarters are in London. Just a provider of fixed line telephony services to consumers, TalkTalk now offers fixed and mobile telephony and broadband services to consumers under the TalkTalk brand, telephony and broadband services to business customers under the TalkTalk Business brand. Like some other UK broadband providers, TalkTalk has invested in its own exchange infrastructure, known as local-loop-unbundling, with 92% of its customer base unbundled as of December 2012. In August 2012, TalkTalk became the UK's second quadruple play service after Virgin Media, offering TV, broadband and mobile services, it no longer offers mobile contracts, referring existing users to register with O2. TalkTalk is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.

The company has been rated multiple times among broadband providers. The Carphone Warehouse's acquisition of Opal Telecom in November 2002 gave it its own switching network providing access to BT Wholesale's landline network. An initial trial was conducted in the Manchester region, three months TalkTalk launched with a guarantee that calls would be cheaper than with their perceived chief competitor BT. TalkTalk Broadband was launched in November 2004. On 11 April 2006, TalkTalk launched a new broadband service, promoted as "Free broadband forever" and which offered up to 8 Mbit/s with a 40 GB monthly usage limit for life to all subscribers to their Talk3 International telephone tariff at £20.99/month. Conditions included signing up for a £ 29.99 initial connection fee. That same year, the Advertising Standards Authority challenged the legitimacy of TalkTalk's claim that this service was "free". Due to the high number of customers who signed up to the free broadband service, the "Free broadband forever" launch suffered complaints with regard to a long waiting list to join the broadband programme and many difficulties in contacting TalkTalk customer services.

In a Sunday Times interview, TalkTalk chairman Charles Dunstone admitted that Carphone's TalkTalk business was "struggling to cope" with the more than 400,000 customers who signed up for high-speed Internet access in the time since the service launched. TalkTalk allowed customers to escape the binding 18-month contract for broadband "if it had failed to keep its service commitments in their case". To the Mail on Sunday, Dunstone stated "In about 20% of customers there is some kind of problem with the phone exchange, the line, or something else. A customer satisfaction poll by uSwitch in November 2006 placed TalkTalk and Orange joint bottom for customer satisfaction. By 2005, TalkTalk had 2.5 million customers following the acquisitions of the UK subsidiaries of Tele2 for £11.5 million and One. Tel for £169.6 million. Carphone Warehouse purchased the UK ISP business of AOL in October 2006 for £370m and renamed it AOL Broadband; this had risen to 2.7 million customers by January 2009. In November 2008, Charles Dunstone was reported to be looking to demerge TalkTalk from the main Carphone Warehouse business.

The split was confirmed in April 2009, with plans for TalkTalk to become a separate listed company. Carphone Warehouse agreed to purchase the UK subsidiary of Tiscali in May 2009 for £236 million; the purchase was approved by the European Union Competition Commission in June 2009, the sale was completed on 6 July 2009. Carphone Warehouse confirmed; the Carphone Warehouse's full-year earnings statement in November 2009 revealed the TalkTalk customer base had risen to 4.1 million following the purchase of Tiscali UK earlier in the year. Tiscali UK closed to new business on 7 January 2010, its portal content moved to the TalkTalk website. In March 2010, TalkTalk and Carphone Warehouse demerged becoming publicly listed companies. Dido Harding became Roger Taylor CEO of New Carphone Warehouse. In January 2010, TalkTalk launched a protest against the introduction of the Digital Economy Act 2010, released a video protesting against the law called "Home taping is killing music". Upon the passing of the bill TalkTalk issued a statement on the company blog confirming it would resist attempts to use the bill against their customers.

In a study carried out by UK telecoms regulator Ofcom in 2010, TalkTalk was found to have average speeds of 7.7-9.3 Mbit/sec, while it was advertised as "up to" 24 Mbit/sec. TalkTalk was warned by the independent communications regulator Ofcom in November 2010 to rectify its billing systems after 62,000 incorrect bills were sent out; the company was given a deadline to correct the mistakes, which it did not meet, in August 2011 was duly fined £3 million. Ofcom's figures showed that TalkTalk had incorrectly billed over 65,000 customers between 1 January 2010 and 4 March 2011 relating to issues with integrating Tiscali UK's billing system into its own; the company had been overcharging customers for services that had not been received, resulting in the company paying an additional £2.5 million in refunds. In November 2014, TalkTalk reached an agreement to purchase the ADSL business of Virgin Media, allowing Virgin to focus on its cable broadband offering. Customers were due to begin transferring to TalkTalk from February 2015.

On 8 January 2015, it was confirmed that TalkTalk would purchase the on-demand entertainment service Blinkbox and broadband busines

The Continuity of Spirit

The Continuity of Spirit is an album by jazz pianist Horace Silver, his fourth released on the Silverto label, featuring performances by Silver with Carl Saunders, Buddy Collette, Ray Pizzi, Ernie Watts, Don Menza, Bob Maize and Carl Burnett with the Los Angeles Modern String Orchestra conducted by William Henderson and vocals by Andy Bey, Maxine Waters, Julia Waters, Chuck Niles. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 2 stars and states: "The Continuity of Spirit finds Silver paying tribute to Duke Ellington, W. C. Handy and Scott Joplin; the idea of using disc jockey Chuck Niles as'the spirit of Duke Ellington' is pretty hokey and the original music owes little to Ellington, Handy or Joplin. But there are some swinging moments on this well-intentioned set." All compositions and lyrics by Horace Silver"Message from the Maestro Part 1" "Message from the Maestro Part 2" "Message from the Maestro Part 3" "In Tribute Part 1" "In Tribute Part 2" "In Tribute Part 3"Recorded in New York City on March 25, 1985.

Horace Silver - piano Carl Saunders - flugelhorn Buddy Collette, Ray Pizzi, Ernie Watts, Don Menza - flute Bob Maize - bass Carl Burnette - drums Andy Bey, Maxine Waters, Julia Waters - vocals Chuck Niles - narration Los Angeles Modern String Orchestra, William Henderson - conductor

Bahujan Samaj Party

The Bahujan Samaj Party is a national level political party in India, formed to represent Bahujans, referring to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Castes, along with religious minorities. According to Kanshi Ram, when he founded the party in 1984, the Bahujans comprised 85 percent of India's population, but were divided into 6,000 different castes; the party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of Gautama Buddha, B. R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Narayana Guru, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy and Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj. Kanshi Ram named his protégée, Mayawati, as his successor in 2001; the BSP has its main base in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh where it was the second-largest party in the 2019 Indian general election with 19.3% of votes and in the 2017 Uttar Pradesh elections with over 22% of votes. Its election symbol is an elephant. "Bahujan" is a Pali term found in Buddhist texts, refers to "the many", or "the majority. It appears in the dictum "Bahujana Hitaya Bahujana Sukhaya", or "The benefit and prosperity of the many", articulated by Gautama Buddha.

In his writing, B. R. Ambedkar used the term to refer to the majority of people in Hindu society that experienced discrimination and oppression on the basis of caste. Jotirao Phule used the term in a similar context, compared the lower castes of India to slaves in the United States. Dalit and lower-caste writers have suggested. Lower-caste people are sometimes collectively referred to as "bahujan samaj", or the majority community; the term has been translated as "subaltern". The precise set of caste groups described. However, it always refers to non-Dvija, or twice-born and thus does not include Brahmins, Kshatriyas, or Vaishyas; the BSP has no separate youth wing. BSP has website. Sudhindra Bhadoria, a senior party leader, is the only official spokesperson of the BSP, its self-proclaimed ideology is "Social Transformation and Economic Emancipation" of the "Bahujan Samaj". The "Bahujan Samaj", to them, consists of the lower-caste groups in India like the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes.

It includes religious minorities like Sikhs, Christians and Buddhists. They see these groups as victims of the "Manuwadi" system for millennia, a system which benefited upper-caste Hindus only. B. R. Ambedkar, a champion of lower-caste rights, is an important ideological inspiration; the party claims not to be prejudiced against upper-caste Hindus. In 2008, while addressing the audience, Mayawati said: "Our policies and ideology are not against any particular caste or religion. If we were anti-upper caste, we would not have given tickets to candidates from upper castes to contest elections". Satish Chandra Mishra, a BSP senior leader, is upper caste; the party believe in egalitarianism and hold a strong emphasis on social justice. The Bahujan Samaj Party was founded on the birth anniversary of B. R. Ambedkar, 14 April 1984, by Kanshi Ram, who named former schoolteacher, Mayawati, as his successor of BSP in 2001. Lesser-known figures from the Indian Rebellion of 1857 have been used as Dalit icons by the BSP, such as Avantibai, Uda Devi, Mahaviri Devi, Matadin Bhangi, Ballu Mehtar, Vira Pasi, Banke Chamar and Chetram Jatav, the social scientist Badri Narayan Tiwari has noted that Dalit intellectuals supported by BSP, trying to mobilize grassroot Dalits using local heroes, histories and legends found a wealth of resources in the oral history of the regions of centering around the 1857 rebellion.

The political strategy of the party is to tell and retell the stories of these heroes, build memorials and organize celebrations around their stories to build a collective memory in the psyche of the people. The stories are narrated in such a manner that the Dalits imagine the story of the making of a nation in which they played a significant role; the party's power grew with seats in the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh and the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. In 1993, following the assembly elections, Mayawati formed a coalition with Samajwadi Party president Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister. On 2 June 1995, she withdrew support from his government, which led to a major incident where Yadav was accused of sending his goons to keep her party legislators hostage at a Lucknow guest house and shout casteist abuses at her. Since this event, they have regarded each other publicly as chief rivals. Mayawati obtained support from the Bharatiya Janata Party to become Chief Minister on 3 June 1995.

In October 1995, the BJP withdrew their support and fresh elections were called after a period of President's Rule. In 2003, Mayawati resigned from her own government to prove that she was not "hungry for power" and asked the BJP-run Government of India to remove Union Tourism and Culture Minister, Jagmohan. In 2007, she began leading a BSP-formed government with an absolute majority for a full five-year term. Bahujan Samaj Party on 14 April 2009 celebrated its silver jubilee. Manywar Shri Kanshi Ramji Shahri Garib Awas Yojna, housing scheme for poor was launched by Lucknow Development Authority. Role of Mayawati was discussed in BSP's success. Mass rally was organised in Lucknow with 10000 police personnel on duty, it was 305th and largest rally of BSP since 1984. As per Observer Research Foundation, within 25 years BSP became third largest political party of India; the results of the May 2007 Uttar Pradesh state assembly elect