Office of the Chief Executive
Office of the Chief Executive or CEO is one of the government agencies for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. It consists of the immediate staff to the Chief Executive of Hong Kong and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the Chief Executive; the current director is Edward Yau. Prior to the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, the Government House has always been the office location for the Governor of Hong Kong. After the transfer in 1997, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, Tung Chee Hwa choose not to reside in the Government House, which relocated the office to the Government Secretariat; when Donald Tsang assumed office in June 2005, he decided to reside in the Government House again and initiated a multiple months length remodeling for the house. In January 2006, the office relocated back to the Government House. Political party: Nonpartisan Richard Yuen, JP Andrew Wong Chang King-yi Elizabeth Tse, JP Kenneth Mak, JP Alice Lau, JP Stephen Lam, GBS, JP Andy Ho June Tang Andrew Fung Information Coordinator was created by Tung Chee Hwa after the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, prior to the transfer, press release was handle by Information Services Department.
Gary Chan Ronald Chan List of Hong Kong government agencies Chief Executive's Office:Office of the Chief Executive Building Chief Executive - Office
Lippo Centre (Hong Kong)
Lippo Centre known as the Bond Centre, is a twin-tower skyscraper complex completed in 1988 at 89 Queensway, in Admiralty on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong, China. Tower I is 172 m with 44 storeys, Tower II is 186 m with 48 storeys; the Lippo Centre is a landmark development located in the heart of Admiralty comprising 1.3 million sq.ft. in two office towers with a retail podium element situated on the ground floors and a small basement car park. On completion in late 1987 Savills Investment Management began managing the Lippo Centre. Since 1988 the landmark has been riddled with spectacular corporate collapses in its ownership. Relatives of the Singapore-based Kwee Liong Tek family had a majority consortium interest in the construction from its conception selling their majority interest half-way through construction to British-born Australian business tycoon Alan Bond, who went bankrupt four years with the collapse of Bond Corporation, it has had several corporate ownership failures since and was taken over by Peregrine Investments Holdings who faced financial collapse, the Indonesian-backed Lippo Group who are the largest single owner of the building.
Local feng shui consultants have suggested the building has bad feng-shui based on the C-shaped glass-walled extrusions, although Peregrine's own feng-shui consultant gave the towers a clean bill of health. The octagonal buildings, clad with a dark blue refractive glass curtain wall, were designed by American architect Paul Rudolph, working at the time as a design consultant for Wong & Ouyang; the buildings' main construction contractor was Hip Hing Construction. In 1988, Rudolph wrote: "The aesthetic intent is to...give the building'presence' when seen at a great distance, from the middle distance, from close distance, from close hand. At the same time, it is intended that the building inhabit the sky, become dematerialized by reflecting the changing light."The late muralist-artist Gerard D'Alton Henderson, who designed the walls in the Hong Kong Mandarin Oriental Hotel, enriched the lobby with dramatic bas-relief murals. The Lippo Centre is connected to the Central Elevated Walkway network of footbridges.
One of the more well known companies registered in the Lippo Centre is the Network of Asia and Pacific Producers which serves and caters to the needs of Fairtrade producers in Asia and Pacific and has a membership of over 200 producer organizations. The building houses the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Hong Kong and Christian Muhr Global Asset Management, which employs 1,200 staff and occupies six floors of Tower Two of the Lippo Centre. Several foreign consulates have established representative offices in the Lippo Centre, such as Angola, Ireland, Romania and Taiwan, as well as foreign chambers of commerce. Lippo Limited Hongkong Chinese Limited Lippo Centre is featured in the Dockside track in Burnout 3. Paul Rudolph photo pool at flickr The Paul Rudolph Foundation
Westlife is an Irish pop vocal group, which formed in 1998 in Dublin, disbanded in 2012 and reunited in 2018. They were signed by Simon Cowell in the UK, Clive Davis in the US and managed by Louis Walsh and Sonny Takhar; the group consists of Nicky Byrne, Kian Egan, Mark Feehily, Shane Filan. The group rose to fame with Westlife. Followed by Coast to Coast, World of Our Own, Unbreakable – The Greatest Hits Vol. 1 and Turnaround which continued the group's success worldwide. Before the start of their Turnaround Tour in 2004, one of the original line-up member Brian McFadden departed from the band; the four remaining members continued as a group to release their cover albums Allow Us to Be Frank and The Love Album and the studio albums Face to Face and Back Home. After of a one-year hiatus of studio recording in 2008, they regrouped and released the studio albums Where We Are, Gravity and the compilation album Greatest Hits. After eight years, the quartet group will release their eleventh studio album, Spectrum, in 2019, its first single "Hello My Love" was released on 10 January 2019 and its second single "Better Man" on 29 March 2019.
The band sold over 55 million records overall worldwide. They have had 33 number-one albums worldwide; the band has received over a billion views on YouTube counting only the ones uploaded from their official site alone, were streamed more than 300 million times, more than 550 million in Spotify as of 2018. They generated hit singles including "Swear It Again", "If I Let You Go", "Flying Without Wings", "I Have a Dream", "Seasons in the Sun", "Fool Again", "My Love", "What Makes a Man", "Uptown Girl", "Unbreakable", "When You're Looking Like That", "Queen of My Heart", "Mandy", "Tonight", "Hey Whatever", "You Raise Me Up", "Bop Bop Baby", "The Rose", "World of Our Own", they are holders of the following Guinness World Records: first to achieve seven consecutive number one singles in the UK, most public appearances in 36 hours by a pop group, most singles to debut at number one on the UK chart and top selling album group in the United Kingdom in the 21st century. According to the British Phonographic Industry, Westlife has been certified for 12 million albums and 7.4 million singles in the UK.
They are currently ranked twenty-fourth with most number ones albums of all time. The group accumulated 14 number one singles in the United Kingdom, a total of 22 top five, 25 top ten and 28 UK top forty singles, as well as having 7 number one and a total of 11 top 4 albums making them as Ireland's most prolific chart-toppers. In 2012, the Official Charts Company listed Westlife 34th amongst the biggest-selling singles artists and 16th amongst the biggest selling groups in British music history. Westlife never managed to break into the U. S. market so far, achieving only one hit single in 2000, "Swear It Again". Despite this, the United States ranked top fifth for the number of views of the band with total of more than 30 million for the past 12 months only on YouTube as of June 2018; the band has received numerous accolades including one World Music Award, two Brit Awards, four MTV Awards, four Record of the Year Awards and overall with a total of 92 awards and 20 nominations so far. As a live act, Westlife have sold 5 million concert tickets worldwide from their twelve concert tours.
They still hold the record for the most shows played at The SSE Arena, Belfast and SSE Arena, Wembley. They sold out Croke Park Stadium in a record breaking 5 minutes. Hailed as the biggest arena act of all-time in the United Kingdom, their thirteenth and latest concert tour is called "The 20 Tour". Kian Egan, Mark Feehily and Shane Filan are schoolmates in Summerhill College on Ireland. All three of them participated in a school production of Grease with fellow Sligo men Derrick Lacey, Graham Keighron, Michael Garrett, they considered it as the start of Westlife. The six mentioned individuals formed a pop vocal group called Six as One in 1997, they changed their band name to IOYOU later. The group, managed by choreographer Mary McDonagh and two other informal managers, released a single titled "Together Girl Forever", written by Feehily and Filan with "Everlasting Love" and an unreleased song "Good Thing". Louis Walsh, the manager of fellow Irish boy band Boyzone, came to know the group after he was contacted by Filan's mother, Mae Filan, but the group failed to secure a BMG record deal with Simon Cowell.
Cowell told Walsh: "You are going to have to fire at least three of them. They have great voices, but they are the ugliest band I have seen in my life." Three members of the band were told they would not be part of the new group, auditions were held in Dublin where Nicky Byrne and Brian McFadden were recruited. The new group, formed on 3 July 1998, was renamed Westside but that name was in use by another band, so it was changed to Westlife, it was revealed that Walsh was calling them Westlife before Westside name came along. In Westlife – Our Story, Byrne revealed that, unlike the others in the group, he was keen to change the name to West High. McFadden changed the spelling of his name to Bryan to make it easier to sign autographs. Boyzone singer Ronan Keating was brought in to co-manage the group with Walsh, they managed to secure a record deal the second time around under BMG with all other record labels competed. They have signed a four million pound record deal with RCA Records. Westlife's first big break came in 1998 when they opened for Boyzone and Backstreet Boys' concerts in Dublin.
Admiralty, Hong Kong
Admiralty is the eastern extension of the central business district on the Hong Kong Island of Hong Kong. It is located on the eastern end of the Central and Western District, bordered by Wan Chai to the east and Victoria Harbour to the north; the name of Admiralty refers to the former Admiralty Dock in the area. The dock was demolished when land was reclaimed and developed northward as the naval base HMS Tamar; the Chinese name, Kam Chung, lit. "Golden Bell", refers to a gold-coloured bell, used for timekeeping at Wellington Barracks. The area was developed as a military area by the British military in the 19th century, they built the Wellington Barracks, Murray Barracks, Victoria Barracks and Admiralty Dock at the site. Following the urbanisation of the north shore of Hong Kong Island, the military area split the urban area; the Hong Kong Government tried many times to get the land from the British military to connect the two urban areas, but the military refused. It was not until the 1970s that the land was returned to government and changed to commercial buildings and gardens.
The Admiralty Station of the MTR was built on the former site of the Hong Kong dockyards, built in 1878 and demolished in the 1970s. After its completion, the area became known as Admiralty, rather than Central. During the 2014 Hong Kong protests, substantial tracts of the area were occupied by suffragists, who dubbed it Umbrella Square. Buildings in Admiralty consist of office buildings, government buildings, shopping malls and hotels. There are several parks in the area: Hong Kong Park, Tamar Park and Harcourt Garden; the main development of the area in recent years has been the development of the Tamar site into the Central Government Complex, which started operating in 2011. Facing Victoria Harbour, the complex houses the Office of the Chief Executive, the Legislative Council Complex and the Central Government Offices; as one of the main financial areas in Hong Kong, there are plenty of Grade-A commercial buildings in Admiralty including: Admiralty Centre Bank of America Tower British Consulate General Hong Kong Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building CITIC Tower Far East Financial Centre High Court Building Lippo Centre, which houses the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office Pacific Place, a complex featuring a shopping mall, several hotels and office towers, that opened in Admiralty in phases between 1988 and 1991.
The complex is connected to the MTR Admiralty Station via an underground walkway. A phase, Three Pacific Place, is located in Wan Chai Queensway Government Offices Queensway Plaza, a shopping centre located above Admiralty Station United Centre Queensway and Harcourt Road are the major roads in the area. Both roads run from west to connect Central to Wan Chai. Other streets include Tim Mei Avenue. Trams are running across Admiralty along Queensway. Most of the buildings of the area are connected through the Central Elevated Walkway, an extensive footbridge network which extends to the western part of Central; the area is served by the peaktram and Admiralty Station of the MTR. It is an interchange station between Tsuen Wan Line and South Island Line, it is planned to be the terminus of the future Sha Tin to Central Link. The Admiralty Public Transport Interchange, a major bus terminus, is located above the station. Major corporations headquartered in Admiralty include: Everbright International, in the Far East Finance Centre List of buildings and areas in Hong Kong Central and Wan Chai Reclamation
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Garden Road, Hong Kong
For former name of a road in Tsim Sha Tsui, see Hankow Road. Garden Road is a major road on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, connecting the Central and Mid-levels areas. At its lower end, Garden Road forms a grade-separated intersection with Queensway. For most of its length, Garden Road carries traffic only in the downhill direction. Uphill traffic is carried by Cotton Tree Drive, parallel to the east of Garden Road. Cotton Tree Drive merges with Garden Road just above the intersection with Upper Albert Road, Garden Road continues uphill to an intersection with Robinson Road and Magazine Gap Road in the Mid-levels. Garden Road is rich in heritage value; the Bank of China Tower, Three Garden Road, St. John's Cathedral, St. John's Building, the Helena May main building, the lower terminus of the Peak Tram, the United States Consulate-General, the Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens all lie on the road. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Google Maps of Garden Road
The hectare is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100-metre sides, or 10,000 m2, is used in the measurement of land. There are 100 hectares in one square kilometre. An acre is about 0.405 hectare and one hectare contains about 2.47 acres. In 1795, when the metric system was introduced, the "are" was defined as 100 square metres and the hectare was thus 100 "ares" or 1⁄100 km2; when the metric system was further rationalised in 1960, resulting in the International System of Units, the are was not included as a recognised unit. The hectare, remains as a non-SI unit accepted for use with the SI units, mentioned in Section 4.1 of the SI Brochure as a unit whose use is "expected to continue indefinitely". The name was coined from the Latin ārea; the metric system of measurement was first given a legal basis in 1795 by the French Revolutionary government. The law of 18 Germinal, Year III defined five units of measure: The metre for length The are for area The stère for volume of stacked firewood The litre for volumes of liquid The gram for massIn 1960, when the metric system was updated as the International System of Units, the are did not receive international recognition.
The International Committee for Weights and Measures makes no mention of the are in the current definition of the SI, but classifies the hectare as a "Non-SI unit accepted for use with the International System of Units". In 1972, the European Economic Community passed directive 71/354/EEC, which catalogued the units of measure that might be used within the Community; the units that were catalogued replicated the recommendations of the CGPM, supplemented by a few other units including the are whose use was limited to the measurement of land. The names centiare, deciare and hectare are derived by adding the standard metric prefixes to the original base unit of area, the are; the centiare is one square metre. The deciare is ten square metres; the are is a unit of area, used for measuring land area. It was defined by older forms of the metric system, but is now outside the modern International System of Units, it is still used in colloquial speech to measure real estate, in particular in Indonesia, in various European countries.
In Russian and other languages of the former Soviet Union, the are is called sotka. It is used to describe the size of suburban dacha or allotment garden plots or small city parks where the hectare would be too large; the decare is derived from deca and are, is equal to 10 ares or 1000 square metres. It is used in Norway and in the former Ottoman areas of the Middle East and the Balkans as a measure of land area. Instead of the name "decare", the names of traditional land measures are used, redefined as one decare: Stremma in Greece Dunam, donum, or dönüm in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey Mål is sometimes used for decare in Norway, from the old measure of about the same area; the hectare, although not a unit of SI, is the only named unit of area, accepted for use within the SI. In practice the hectare is derived from the SI, being equivalent to a square hectometre, it is used throughout the world for the measurement of large areas of land, it is the legal unit of measure in domains concerned with land ownership and management, including law, agriculture and town planning throughout the European Union.
The United Kingdom, United States, to some extent Canada use the acre instead. Some countries that underwent a general conversion from traditional measurements to metric measurements required a resurvey when units of measure in legal descriptions relating to land were converted to metric units. Others, such as South Africa, published conversion factors which were to be used "when preparing consolidation diagrams by compilation". In many countries, metrication clarified existing measures in terms of metric units; the following legacy units of area have been redefined as being equal to one hectare: Jerib in Iran Djerib in Turkey Gong Qing in Hong Kong / mainland China Manzana in Argentina Bunder in The Netherlands The most used units are in bold. One hectare is equivalent to: 1 square hectometre 15 mǔ or 0.15 qǐng 10 dunam or dönüm 10 stremmata 6.25 rai ≈ 1.008 chō ≈ 2.381 feddan Conversion of units Hecto- Hectometre Order of magnitude Official SI website: Table 6. Non-SI units accepted for use with the International System of Units