Molly Helen Shannon is an American actress and comedian, a cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1995 to 2001. In 2017 she won the Film Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in the film Other People, she has appeared in supporting roles in a number of films, such as A Night at the Roxbury, Never Been Kissed, How the Grinch Stole Christmas, Osmosis Jones, My Boss's Daughter, Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby, Me and Earl and the Dying Girl. Her voice can be heard in Igor and the Hotel Transylvania film series. Shannon was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio, on September 16, 1964, to an Irish American Catholic family, her mother, Mary Margaret "Peg", was a teacher, her father, James Francis Shannon, was a sales manager. Her maternal grandparents were born in Ireland, with her grandfather being from Cloghmore, Mayo. At age four, Shannon was involved in a car accident which killed her mother, younger sister, cousin. Shannon attended St. Dominic School in Shaker Heights for grade school, Hawken School in Gates Mills, Ohio.
She attended New York University, where she studied drama and graduated from NYU's Tisch School of the Arts in 1987. Before Saturday Night Live, Shannon worked as a hostess at Cravings restaurant on Sunset Boulevard and as a food demo girl at Gelson's super market in Marina Del Rey, she auditioned for her first big film role and was cast, playing the supporting part of Meg in the 1989 horror film remake of The Phantom of the Opera, with Robert Englund. In 1991, she had a brief appearance in the second season of Twin Peaks as "the happy helping hand lady", in 1993, she appeared with minor roles in three episodes of In Living Color, the first in a fake TV commercial with Shawn Wayans playing Chris Rock, the second in a sketch with Jim Carrey, playing LAPD Sergeant Stacey Koon, third being a parody of Star Trek. Shannon's major break came in February 1995, when she was hired as a featured player on Saturday Night Live to replace Janeane Garofalo after Garofalo left mid-season due to creative differences.
Shannon was one of the few cast members to be kept when Lorne Michaels overhauled his cast and writers for season 21. She appeared in a 1997 episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Summer of George," where she played Sam, the co-worker who drove Elaine Benes crazy because she did not swing her arms while walking, she appeared in Sheryl Crow's video for the song "A Change" and played the recurring role of loony neighbor Val Bassett, Grace Adler's nemesis, on Will & Grace, appearing in five episodes over the sitcom's eight-season run. In 1998, she played the role of Emily Sanderson in the film A Night at the Roxbury, featuring Will Ferrell and Chris Kattan who were cast members of SNL at the time, she appeared in Sex And The City in a number of episodes. In 1999 Shannon starred in Superstar, a feature film based on her most famous SNL character, Mary Katherine Gallagher, the awkward Catholic school student who aspires to be a musical superstar. During her run on SNL, Shannon found time to star in the movie Never Been Kissed and How The Grinch Stole Christmas and Serendipity opposite Kate Beckinsale.
Shannon left SNL in 2001, surpassing Victoria Jackson as the show's longest-serving female cast member. In 2003, she appeared in the romantic comedy My Boss's Daughter and the television remake of The Music Man. In 2004 she starred in a short-lived Fox network television series Cracking Up with actor Jason Schwartzman created by Mike White; that same year, she guest starred in an episode of Scrubs and starred as Mrs. Baker in the film Good Boy!. In 2006, Shannon was featured in the Sofia Coppola directed movie Marie Antoinette as Aunt Victoire; the next year, Shannon guest starred on ABC's Pushing Daisies, appeared in the film Evan Almighty. Shannon made a rare move to drama, appearing in Mike White's film Year of the Dog in 2007. In 2013, Shannon joined White again playing his love interest Eileen in the HBO show Enlightened for which she was nominated for an Emmy for outstanding guest actress. Shannon hosted Saturday Night Live on May 12, 2007, making her the second former female cast member to host and the first one to have been a cast member for Lorne Michaels.
In 2008, Shannon starred as Kath in the American version of the hit Australian sitcom Kim. In early 2010, Shannon was cast in a recurring role on the Fox television series Glee as Brenda Castle, an astronomy and badminton teacher who has a rivalry with main character Sue Sylvester, she returned to Saturday Night Live for a special Mother's Day episode on May 8, 2010, the October 2010 reunion special "Women of SNL". Shannon replaced Katie Finneran in the role of Marge McDougall in the Broadway revival of Promises, Promises on 12 October 2010, remained through its closure on 2 January 2011 along with co-stars Sean Hayes and Kristin Chenoweth. Shannon's first children's book, Tilly the Trickster, was released September 1, 2011; as of Spring 2012, she has replaced Pauley Perrette as the spokesperson for Expedia. in 2015, Shannon starred in the Sundance premiere Me and Earl and the Dying Girl directed by Alfonso Gomez-Rejon. She was a guest, along with Denis Leary, on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon on June 9, 2015.
In 2016, Shannon co-starred in the HBO comedy Divorce opposite Sarah Jessica Parker and Thomas Haden Church. Shannon won the 2017 Film Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the highl
Les Misérables (musical)
Les Misérables, colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis, is a sung-through musical based on the 1862 novel of the same name by French poet and novelist Victor Hugo. The musical premiered in Paris in 1980, has music by Claude-Michel Schönberg and original French-language lyrics by Alain Boublil and Jean-Marc Natel. An English-language libretto was written by Herbert Kretzmer; the London production has run continuously since October 1985, making it the longest-running musical in the West End and the second longest-running musical in the world after the original Off-Broadway run of The Fantasticks. Set in early 19th-century France, Les Misérables is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, his desire for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a bishop inspires him by a tremendous act of mercy, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert.
Transformed by the bishop's generosity, Valjean's restored humanity moves him to adopt the orphaned girl Cosette and makes a vow to her dying mother that he will protect her with his life. Still pursued by Javert, he must lead a cautious life in Paris. Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists attempt to overthrow the government at a street barricade. Les Misérables was released as a French-language concept album, the first musical-stage adaptation of Les Misérables was presented at the Palais des Sports in 1980. However, the production closed after three months due to that expiry of the booking contract. In 1983, about six months after producer Cameron Mackintosh had opened Cats on Broadway, he received a copy of the French concept album from director Peter Farago. Farago had been impressed by the work and asked Mackintosh to produce an English-language version of the show. Reluctant, Mackintosh agreed. Mackintosh, in conjunction with the Royal Shakespeare Company, assembled a production team to adapt the French musical for a British audience.
After two years in development, the English-language version opened in London on 8 October 1985, by the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Barbican Centre the London home of the RSC. The success of the West End musical led to a Broadway production. Critical reviews for Les Misérables were negative. At the opening of the London production, The Sunday Telegraph's Francis King described the musical as "a lurid Victorian melodrama produced with Victorian lavishness" and Michael Ratcliffe of The Observer considered the show "a witless and synthetic entertainment", while literary scholars condemned the project for converting classic literature into a musical. Public opinion differed: the box office received record orders; the three-month engagement sold out, reviews improved. The London production has run continuously since October 1985, making it the second longest-running musical in the world after The Fantasticks, the second longest-running West End show after The Mousetrap, the longest-running musical in the West End.
In 2010, it played its ten-thousandth performance at Queen's Theatre. On 3 October 2010, the show celebrated its 25th anniversary with three productions running in London: the original production at the Queen's Theatre; the Broadway production opened 12 March 1987 and ran until 18 May 2003, closing after 6,680 performances. It was the second-longest at the time; the show was nominated for 12 Tony Awards and won eight, including Best Musical and Best Original Score. Subsequently, numerous tours and international and regional productions have been staged, as well as concert and broadcast productions. Several recordings have been made. A Broadway revival opened in 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre and closed in 2008, a second Broadway revival opened in 2014 at the Imperial Theatre and closed in September 2016; the show was placed first in a BBC Radio 2 listener poll of Britain's "Number One Essential Musicals" in 2005, receiving more than forty percent of the votes. A film version directed by Tom Hooper was released at the end of 2012 to positive reviews as well as numerous awards nominations, winning three Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards and four British Academy Film Awards.
The musical's emblem is a picture of the waif Cosette sweeping the Thénardiers' inn. It is cropped to a head-and-shoulders portrait, superimposed on the French flag; the image is based on an etching by Gustave Brion based on the drawing by Émile Bayard. It appeared in several of the novel's earliest French-language editions. In 1815 France, prisoners work at hard labour. After 19 years in prison, Jean Valjean, "prisoner 24601", is released on parole by the prison guard Javert. By law, Valjean must display a yellow ticket of leave; as a convict, Valjean is shunned wherever he goes and cannot find regular work with decent wages or lodging, but the Bishop of Digne offers him food and shelter. Desperate and embittered, Valjean steals the Bishop's silver and flees, he is captured by the police, but rather than turn him in, the Bishop lies and tells the police that the silver was a gift, giving Valjean a pair of silver candlesticks in addition
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman was an American actor and producer. Best known for his distinctive supporting and character roles – lowlifes, eccentrics and misfits – Hoffman acted in many films from the early 1990s until his death in 2014. Drawn to theater as a teenager, Hoffman studied acting at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, he began his screen career in a 1991 episode of Law & Order and started to appear in films in 1992. He gained recognition for his supporting work, notably in Scent of a Woman, Boogie Nights, Patch Adams, The Big Lebowski, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Almost Famous, Punch-Drunk Love, Along Came Polly, he began to play leading roles, for his portrayal of the author Truman Capote in Capote, won multiple accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Hoffman's profile continued to grow, he received three more Oscar nominations for his supporting work as a brutally frank CIA officer in Charlie Wilson's War, a priest accused of pedophilia in Doubt, the charismatic leader of a Scientology-type movement in The Master.
While he worked in independent films, including The Savages and Synecdoche, New York, Hoffman appeared in Flawless, Hollywood blockbusters such as Twister and Mission: Impossible III, in one of his final roles, as Plutarch Heavensbee in the Hunger Games series. The feature Jack Goes Boating marked his debut as a filmmaker. Hoffman was an accomplished theater actor and director, he joined the off-Broadway LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, where he directed and appeared in numerous stage productions. His performances in three Broadway plays – True West in 2000, Long Day's Journey into Night in 2003, Death of a Salesman in 2012 – all led to Tony Award nominations. Hoffman struggled with drug addiction as a young adult and relapsed in 2013 after many years of abstinence. In February 2014, he died of combined drug intoxication. Remembered for his fearlessness in playing reprehensible characters, for bringing depth and humanity to such roles, Hoffman was described in his New York Times obituary as "perhaps the most ambitious and admired American actor of his generation".
Hoffman was born on July 1967, in the Rochester suburb of Fairport, New York. His mother, Marilyn O'Connor, came from nearby Waterloo and worked as an elementary school teacher before becoming a lawyer and a family court judge, his father, Gordon Stowell Hoffman, of German descent, was a native of Geneva, New York, worked for the Xerox Corporation. Along with one brother, Hoffman has two sisters and Emily. Hoffman was baptized a Roman Catholic and attended Mass as a child, but did not have a religious upbringing, his parents divorced when he was nine, the children were raised by their mother. Hoffman's childhood passion was sports wrestling and baseball, but at age 12, he saw a stage production of Arthur Miller's All My Sons and was transfixed, he recalled. It was like a miracle to me". Hoffman developed a love for the theater, proceeded to attend with his mother, a lifelong enthusiast, he remembered that productions of Quilters and Alms for the Middle Class, the latter starring a teenaged Robert Downey, Jr. were particularly inspirational.
At the age of 14, Hoffman suffered a neck injury that ended his sporting activity, he began to consider acting. Encouraged by his mother, he joined a drama club, committed to it because he was attracted to a female member. Acting became a passion for Hoffman: "I loved the camaraderie of it, the people, that's when I decided it was what I wanted to do." At the age of 17, he was selected to attend the 1984 New York State Summer School of the Arts in Saratoga Springs, where he met his future collaborators Bennett Miller and Dan Futterman. Miller commented on Hoffman's popularity at the time: "We were attracted to the fact that he was genuinely serious about what he was doing, he was passionate." Hoffman applied for several drama degree programs and was accepted to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. Between starting on the program and graduating from Fairport High School, he continued his training at the Circle in the Square Theatre's summer program. Hoffman had positive memories of his time at NYU.
With friends, he co-founded the Bullstoi Ensemble acting troupe. He received a drama degree in 1989. After graduating, Hoffman worked in off-Broadway theater and made additional money with customer service jobs, he made his screen debut in 1991, in a Law & Order episode called "The Violence of Summer", playing a man accused of rape. His first cinema role came the following year, when he was credited as "Phil Hoffman" in the independent film Triple Bogey on a Par Five Hole. After this, he adopted Seymour, to avoid confusion with another actor. More film roles promptly followed, with appearances in the studio production My New Gun, a small role in the comedy Leap of Faith, starring Steve Martin. Following these roles, he gained attention playing a spoiled student in the Oscar-winning Al Pacino film Scent of a Woman. Hoffman auditioned five times for his role, which The Guardian journalist Ryan Gilbey says gave him an early opportunity "to indulge his skill for making unctuousness compelling"; the film was the first to get Hoffman noticed.
Reflecting on Scent of a Woman, Hoffman late
The Savages (film)
The Savages is a 2007 American comedy-drama film written and directed by Tamara Jenkins. It stars Philip Seymour Hoffman. Alexander Payne and Jenkins' husband Jim Taylor were two of the executive producers; the film premiered at the Sundance Film Festival to critical acclaim. After drifting apart over the years, two single siblings — Wendy and Jon — band together to care for their estranged, elderly father, slipping into dementia. Wendy and Jon first travel to Sun City, Arizona to attend the funeral of their father's girlfriend of 20 years; when they arrive, they are told that their father signed a non-marriage agreement and will not have rights to any of her property. They move him to a nursing home in Buffalo, where Jon is a theater professor working on a book about Bertolt Brecht. Wendy, an aspiring, but unsuccessful, moves from New York City to help establish their father in Buffalo. Neither of the siblings are close with Lenny, it is implied that he was a physically and abusive father when Jon and Wendy were growing up and they cut him out of their lives.
They were abandoned by their mother at a young age. Their dysfunctional family life appears to have left Wendy and Jon crippled and unable to sustain a relationship, she is sleeping with an unattainable married man 13 years her senior and he cannot commit to a Polish woman who must return to Kraków after her visa expires. Their visits to the nursing home and their father's eventual death allow them to reevaluate their lives and to grow emotionally. In the end, Wendy has broken up with her married lover, but has adopted his dog, which he had planned to put down, she is seen working on the production of her play about their terrible childhood, while Jon is leaving for a conference in Poland where it is suggested he may reconnect with the woman he had let go. The film closes with Wendy running with her lover's dog alive, running with the aid of a wheeled hip cast, suggesting a mode of flawed yet persevering life for both siblings. Laura Linney as Wendy Savage Philip Seymour Hoffman as Jon Savage Philip Bosco as Lenny Savage Peter Friedman as Larry Guy Boyd as Bill Lachman Debra Monk as Nancy Lachman Margo Martindale as Roz Rosemary Murphy as Doris Metzger David Zayas as Eduardo Gbenga Akinnagbe as Jimmy Tonye Patano as Mrs. Robinson Cara Seymour as Kasia Kristine Nielsen as Nurse The film received favorable reviews from critics.
As of October 14, 2012, the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 89% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 113 reviews. Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 85 based on 35 reviews. Time magazine's Richard Schickel named the film #7 of his Top 10 Movies of 2007, praises both the cast and writer-director: These actors are unimprovable as, they find a certain decency under the pressure of their grinding familial chore, a reason to hope that better days may be ahead for them once their duty has been done. Writer-director Tamara Jenkins is less interested in heroically inspiring us than she is in showing us the values to be found in the more modest forms of dutifulness; the film appeared on many critics' top 10 lists of the best films of 2007. 1st - Carina Chocano, Los Angeles Times 3rd - Ella Taylor, LA Weekly 3rd - Sheri Linden, The Hollywood Reporter 5th - David Edelstein, New York magazine 5th - Marjorie Baumgarten, The Austin Chronicle 6th - Lawrence Toppman, The Charlotte Observer 7th - Kirk Honeycutt, The Hollywood Reporter 7th - Peter Hartlaub, San Francisco Chronicle 7th - Richard Schickel, TIME magazine 8th - Frank Scheck, The Hollywood Reporter 8th - Nathan Rabin, The A.
V. Club 8th - Ray Bennett, The Hollywood Reporter 9th - A. O. Scott, The New York Times 10th - Carrie Rickey, The Philadelphia Inquirer 10th - Manohla Dargis, The New York Times 80th Academy Awards Academy Award for Best Actress Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards Actor of the Year -- WON Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Best Actress Best Screenplay, Original 65th Golden Globe Awards Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Gotham Awards Best Ensemble Cast Independent Spirit Awards Best Cinematography Best Director Best Male Lead -- WON Best Screenplay -- WON London Critics Circle Film Awards Actress of the Year Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Screenplay -- WON National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Screenplay -- WON Nilsson Awards for Film Best Picture Best Actor in a Leading Role Best Actress in a Leading Role Best Actor in a Supporting Role Best Original Screenplay Best Cast Best Original Score Online Film Critics Society Awards Best Actress San Francisco Film Critics Circle Awards Best Screenplay - Original -- WON Satellite Awards Best Actress in a Motion Picture, Drama Women Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actress -- WON Writers Guild of America Awards Best Original Screenplay The Savages on IMDb The Savages at AllMovie The Savages at Rotten Tomatoes The Savages at Metacritic The Savages at Box Office Mojo
Natasha Bianca Lyonne Braunstein, known professionally as Natasha Lyonne, is an American actress and producer. She is best known for her portrayal of Nicky Nichols in the Netflix series Orange Is the New Black, for which she received an Emmy Award nomination in 2014, for her role as Jessica in the American Pie film series, she is a co-creator, executive producer and writer for the 2019 Netflix series Russian Doll, where she plays the lead role of Nadia Vulvokov. She is known for her nasal voice and thick New York accent. Lyonne has appeared in over 50 films, including Everyone Says I Love You, Slums of Beverly Hills, Detroit Rock City, But I'm a Cheerleader, Scary Movie 2, The Grey Zone, Kate & Leopold, Party Monster, Die Mommie Die!, Blade: Trinity, All About Evil, Sleeping with Other People, Hello My Name Is Doris, Addicted to Fresno, Yoga Hosers, The Intervention, Show Dogs. Lyonne was born in New York City, the daughter of Ivette Buchinger and Aaron Braunstein, a boxing promoter, race car driver and radio host, distantly related to cartoonist Al Jaffee.
Lyonne's parents were from Orthodox Jewish families, she was raised Orthodox. Her mother was born in France, to Hungarian Jewish parents who were Holocaust survivors. Lyonne has darkly joked that her family consists of "my father's side, my mother's side, Auschwitz." Her grandmother Ella came from a large family, but only she and her two sisters and two brothers survived, which Lyonne credits to their blond hair and blue eyes. Lyonne's grandfather, Morris Buchinger, operated a watch company in Los Angeles. During the war, he hid in Budapest as a non-Jew working in a leather factory. Lyonne lived the first eight years of her life in Great New York, she and her parents moved to Israel, where Lyonne spent a year and a half. During her stay in Israel, Lyonne participated in the production of the Israeli children's film April Fool, which began her interest in acting, her parents divorced, Lyonne and her older brother Adam returned to America with their mother. After moving back to New York City, Lyonne attended The Rabbi Joseph H. Lookstein Upper School of Ramaz, a private Jewish school, where Lyonne said she was a scholarship kid who took honors Talmud classes and read Aramaic.
She was expelled for selling marijuana at school. Lyonne grew up on the Upper East Side, her mother moved their family to Miami, where Lyonne attended Miami Country Day School. She never graduated from high school, her high school graduation depended on completing her first year at Tisch, but she left the program because she could not pay the tuition. She attended New York University for a short time, studying philosophy. Lyonne was estranged from her father, who lived on the Upper West Side until his death in October 2014 and in 2013 was a Republican candidate for City Council for the sixth District of Manhattan. Lyonne has said she is not close to her mother and has lived independently of her family since age 16; as a young child, Lyonne was signed by the Ford Modeling Agency. At the age of six, she was cast as Opal on Pee-wee's Playhouse, followed by film appearances in Heartburn, A Man Called Sarge, Dennis the Menace. On working as a young child actor, Lyonne said: "I didn’t have the best parents.
I don't think. If they were ready to have children, it is kind of a wacky idea to put your child in business at six years old." At 16 years of age, Lyonne was cast in the Woody Allen-directed Everyone Says I Love You. This led to appearances in a variety of films over the next 10 years, including starring roles in the independent features Slums of Beverly Hills, for which she received two Teen Choice Award nominations, But I'm a Cheerleader. During this time, she appeared as Jessica in the successful teen comedy American Pie, reprising the role in two of its sequels. Lyonne's other films during this period included Detroit Rock City, Freeway II: Confessions of a Trickbaby, Scary Movie 2, The Grey Zone, Kate & Leopold, Party Monster, Blade: Trinity. Lyonne's subsequent film appearances include All About Evil, 4:44 Last Day on Earth, Girl Most Likely, Loitering with Intent, Sleeping with Other People, Hello My Name Is Doris, Addicted to Fresno, #Horror, Yoga Hosers, The Intervention, Handsome: A Netflix Mystery Movie.
In 2019, she will appear alongside Lucas Hedges and Shia LaBeouf in LaBeouf’s autobiographical film Honey Boy. Lyonne made her New York stage debut in the award-winning New Group production of Mike Leigh's Two Thousand Years, she was part of the original cast of the award-winning Love and What I Wore, a play by Nora Ephron and Delia Ephron, based on the book by Ilene Beckerman. In 2010 Lyonne received positive reviews for her performance in Kim Rosenstock's comedy Tigers Be Still at the Roundabout Theatre Company: "a thorough delight in the flat-out funniest role, the grief-crazed Grace, so immersed in self-pity that she has cast aside any attempts at decorum". In 2011 Lyonne starred opposite Ethan Hawke and Ann Dowd in New Group's production of Tommy Nohilly's Blood From a Stone; the following year, she participated in New Group's benefit performance of Women Behind Bars. On working in the theater: "There's something about theater that squashes the self-critical voices because you have to be in the moment.
I'm glad. That is not a skill set I h
Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon published material. It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay. In 2002, the name of the award was changed from Writing to Writing. See the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations. Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C. Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Kenneth Lonergan, Tom Stoppard, Terence Rattigan and Martin McDonagh. Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay and won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network.
Woody Allen holds the record as the oldest winner. Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting. Richard Schweizer was the first to win for Marie-Louise. Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, Pedro Almodóvar. Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film. Muriel Box was the first woman to win in this category; the Boxes are the first married couple to win in this category. Only three other married couples won an Oscar in another category—Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh, Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez. In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category. Francis Ford Coppola and Sofia Coppola are the only father-daughter pair to win. Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year: Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek. Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction for Platoon and Salvador.
Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter. At the 2018 ceremony, Get Out writer-director Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win in this category. Winners are listed first followed by the other nominees. Academy Award for Best Story Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay List of Big Five Academy Award winners and nominees Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay